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  • 1.
    Ullén, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Våldsamma fantasier: Studier i fiktionsvåldets funktion och attraktion2014Book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Att äta digitala djur: Spel, våld och ideologi2015In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 4, p. 29-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article aims at studying game violence from an “awry” perspective, i.e. in terms of how games deal with the violence against animals inherent in processes of producing and consuming meat. Rockstar’s notorious Manhunt (2003) is taken as an initial example of how violence in games is usually dealt with. I argue that the focus on gruesome imagery serves an ideological function by hiding the real material violence of the game industry. As an alternative, I suggest that we focus on how games make visible systemic, yet less palpable, forms of ideological violence. My main focus is on how three contemporary open-world games represent the relation between eating meat and the industrial killing of animals.

              Three basic conceptual perspectives are combined: Slavoj Žižek’s distinction between subjective and objective violence; Melanie Joy’s conceptualization of cultural carnism as a cognitive scheme; and Ian Bogost’s procedural-rhetorical approach to videogames as models of material processes. These are employed in order to analyze three games taking a varied approach to the representation of meat as food: Rockstar’s Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004), which includes a discursive critique of factory farming without also implementing it as a gameplay mechanic; Lionhead’s Fable II (2008), which implements ethical and political incentives for vegetarianism in the core mechanics of the game, yet allows for varied approaches in role-playing; and Maxis’ The Sims 3 (2009), which seems to include such incentives yet undermines them by dislodging food from its material origin in its model of the game world.

  • 3.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Cinematic shots and cuts: on the ethics and semiotics of real violence in film fiction2011In: Journal of Aesthetics and Culture, ISSN 2000-4214, E-ISSN 2000-4214, Vol. 3, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I discuss a few ethical and semiotic problemsrelated to reality’s ability to actually take place within, andbreak through, fictional representations. I am particularlyconcerned with the presence of material bodies in theperforming arts. I consider Hideshi Hino’s Flower of Fleshand Blood (Ginıˆ piggu 2: Chiniku no hana, 1985) as aninitial example of purely fictional film violence. From abrief presentation of traditional theatre semiotics and theconcept of a fictive stance, I then discuss two specific filmswhere the body of the actor functions not only as thecarrier of symbolical meaning but also as an indexicalreference to a factual situation: John Waters’ Pink Flamingos(1972) and Ruggero Deodato’s Cannibal Holocaust(1980). My main interest lies in the occurrence of realviolence, and particularly animal killings, in exploitationcinema. By considering directors’ own statements on thematter, I suggest that such violence can not simply bedismissed as ethically flawed; rather, it carries a potentialcritique of the ideology of meat as pure commodity.

  • 4.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Dödsporr: Etik, estetik, våld2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Dödsporr. Etik, estetik, våld undersöks konstens förhållande till etiken. Det som vanligtvis äcklar människan, om det är en tungspets mot en liten flickas ögonglob, en ko som förtär en blodig människomassa eller en binnikemasks förvandling till en maskros. Eller bara en skymt av rödbrunt armhålehår på tunnelbanan. Dessa för många stötande bilder vänds uppochner och vrids ut och in i denna vetenskaplig undersökning av konstens och estetikens relation till etik och våld. Här avhandlas våldsamma föreställningar ur vårt kollektiva omedvetna så som de manifesterat sig i skönlitteratur och självbiografi, spelfilm och porrfilm, dataspel och dödsmetall. Framförallt demonstreras hur de gestaltningar vi är snarast att avfärda som omoraliska i själva verket är de som tar våldets problem på allvar. Därför kommer konsten, genom dess autonomi, att visa sig intervenera i vår tids allra ömmaste smärtpunkter: miljöförstöring, industrialiserad djurhållning, det patriarkala våldet. Erik van Ooijen är litteraturvetare verksam vid Kulturvetenskapliga forskargruppen, Karlstads universitet.

  • 5.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Giving Life Harmoniously: Animal Inversion in Cattle Decapitation2015In: Helvete: A Journal of Black Metal Theory, ISSN 2326-683X, Vol. 2, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Guds hand i Strindbergs historiedramatik: Björn Sundberg, »Om Du vill lära känna det osynliga …»: Anteckningar till Strindbergs sena historiedramatik, Skellefteå: Norma 2011, 288 s.2013In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, no 1, p. 71-75Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 7.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Hålets imperativ2017In: Aiolos: Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 59, p. 42-49Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ian Bogost, How to Do Things with Videogames2013In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1, p. 115-118Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 9.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Introduktion till den svarta ekologin2017In: Aiolos. Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 56, p. 83-89Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jørgen Veisland, Drama and repetition: time in selected plays by Henrik Ibsen, Bertolt Brecht and Samuel Beckett2010In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 3-4, p. 193-196Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 11.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Notes on the Conceptualization of Style as Embodied Idiolect in French Structuralism2012In: Disputable Core Concepts of Narrative Theory / [ed] Göran Rossholm,Christer Johansson, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2012, p. 269-278Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Avdelningen för litteraturvetenskap.
    Ogling Lo: For an Erotics of Literary Description2011In: myops - Berichte aus der Welt des Rechts, ISSN 1865-2301, E-ISSN 1911-8422, Vol. V, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ogräset i vetet: Om Svarta handsken, kammarspelen och Strindbergs författarskap2011In: Strindbergiana / [ed] Anna Cavallin, David Gedin, Per Stam, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2011, p. 143-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Om stilen och konstens avhumanisering2015In: Floret, no 5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan vi tänka oss en konsthistoria som inte begränsar sig till mänskliga uttrycksformer? Litteraturvetaren Erik Van Ooijen tar oss med på en estetisk exkurs bland strimmiga tulpaner och uttrycksfulla träd.

  • 15.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Pornografins ansikten: Våld och intimitet som representationell strategi2014In: Våldsamma fantasier: Studier i fiktionsvåldets funktion och attraktion / [ed] Magnus Ullén, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2014, p. 135-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Recension av Anna Cavallin: Hushållspolitik, konsumtion, kön och uppfostran i August Strindbergs Giftas2017In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 47, no 3-4, p. 151-156Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 17.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Regio Alpina Sterilis: Sten Selander i fjällen2018In: Norrlandslitteratur: Ekokritiska perspektiv / [ed] Peter Degerman, Anders E. Johansson & Anders Öhman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2018, p. 70-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Skogens öron, vattnets ögon2017In: Aiolos. Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 56, p. 145-154Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Strange meat2017In: Ny tid, ISSN 1456-0518, no 6-7, p. 80-85Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det mest oroande hos människoätare som Jeffrey Dahmer och Ed Gein är kanske att de upphäver själva den gränsdragning mellan människa och djur som ligger till grund för den human-kapitalistiska moralen, konstaterar Erik van Ooijen i en utforskning av kannibalism i populärkulturen, filosofin och närhistorien.

  • 20.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Strindberg before annihilation: Reading the Chamber Plays as dramatic texts2017In: TijdSchrift voor Skandinavistiek, ISSN 0168-2148, E-ISSN 1875-9505, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 48-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Literary scholars are sometimes reprimanded for reading plays as literary texts rather thantexts intended for the stage. To avoid a purely textual approach, it is often argued that youshould always “visualize” the action as if it took place on the “theater of the mind”. In thisarticle, I suggest that such a hermeneutics of “mind-staging” is misleading. Referencingtheater semiotics and the phenomenological theory of reading of Wolfgang Iser, I argue thatsuch a practice will close the radical openness of the dramatic text, by eliminating its definingindeterminacies. If performance “annihilates” the text by becoming a theatrical event (assuggested by theater semiotics), this will, nevertheless, result in a view of the text aspreceding and enduring outside of performance. Thus, the argument from theater semioticswill also come to motivate a purely textual approach to the play as a literary work.The argument is illustrated with examples from the Chamber Plays of AugustStrindberg. Building on scholars noting his “carelessness” as a playwright, I argue that areading trying to visualize the action will encounter several hermeneutical pseudo-problemsrelevant to the producer of the play but irrelevant to the reader. My first example concerns thesequential distribution of the setting in The Pelican: whereas the reader will experience itsspace as a desolate wasteland (fitting to the theme of the play), the producer, forced tovisualize it all at once, will rather experience it as cluttered. My second example concerns thestrange dialogue in The Ghost Sonata: whereas the literary reader may settle with an analyticdescription of its weird poetics, the producer must try to make new meaningful coherency outof this very weirdness. The third example regards an authorial mistake in The Storm, whichbecomes a puzzle the producer must solve, although it remains unsolvable for the reader.

  • 21.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    The Killability of Fish in The Sims 3: Pets and Stardew Valley2018In: The Computer Games Journal, ISSN 2052-773X, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article considers video games as procedural arguments on the killability and nonkillability of nonhuman animal species, especially marine animals. It focuses on what acts of violence are made possible in games, and against whom. It argues that shifting the critical perspective from killing to killability allows us to study the implicit violence found in “nonviolent” or “friendly” games that usually garner little controversy. Two games that both set out to avoid animal violence, and even promote animal care, are studied: Maxis’ The Sims 3: Pets (2011) and ConcernedApe’s Stardew Valley (2016). The study considers how these games construct a hierarchy of classes of animals that are either included in, or excluded from, the realm of moral concern. Thus, the games are seen as models of how similar hierarchies are created in the real world of so-called “meat culture”. Most significantly, the study demonstrates how fish is a prime example of a class of animals that is removed from the realm of moral concern, even in supposedly ethical and animal-friendly games.

  • 22.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Avdelningen för litteraturvetenskap.
    Vi, den geologiska kraften2015In: Ny Tid, ISSN 1456-0518, no 6-7, p. 70-74Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Ädelrötan: Strindberg och slarvet2014In: Strindbergiana / [ed] Per Stam,David Gedin,Anna Cavallin, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Atlantis, 2014, p. 109--120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    van Ooijen, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Örebro universitet.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Post-authentic digitalism in cloud rap2018Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 24 of 24
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