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  • 1.
    Högman, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    ”Flowsport”- Lokal samverkan för mer fysiskt aktiva barn.2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Download (pdf)
    sammanfattning
  • 2.
    Högman, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Young people´s experiences of organized spontaneous sport2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organized spontaneous sport is a new form of sport that has occurred through the last year’s ventures of "The Sports lift". The aim was to attract physically inactive young people to participate. Previous research has, however, shown that the efforts mostly missed their target as primarily physically active boys participated in the activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to increase the understanding of the involved young people´s experiences of their participation in organized spontaneous sport. The research questions focused on two aspects of the experience: (1) the meaning the young people ascribe to the activity, and (2) the experience of the logic of organized spontaneous sport. The study's theoretical framework was based on developmental ecology (Bronfenbrenner, 1979, 1995, 1999; Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 1998, 2006) and Tangen's (2004) concepts of embodied knowledge, embedded expectations and movements. The study was designed as a case study where individual interviews (n=6) were used to collect data. Interviews were conducted with three boys and three girls (aged 12 -15) that participated in the activities on a regular basis. Among the interviewees there were both previously in-active and active young people. The results showed that the function of the activities as an inclusive meeting point was valued very highly by the young people. It was an uncommon opportunity to do leisure time sporting activities with peers other than their closest friends and also in gender mixed groups. Further, the results showed that the experience of organized spontaneous sport was different for boys and girls. Gender role expectations, linked to particular gender coded sports, produced different experiences depending on the activity. Overall, however, the young people appreciated the mix of flexibility and organization that characterizes organized spontaneous sport and described it as something different from what organized sport offers. 

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    fulltext
  • 3.
    Högman, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    To play or not to play, that's the question: young people's experiences of organized spontaneous sport2017In: Sport in Society: Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce, ISSN 1743-0437, E-ISSN 1743-0445, Vol. 20, no 9, p. 1134-1149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As an attempt to reach physically inactive young people, especially girls, organized spontaneous sport (OSP) was implemented as a part of the state programme 'The Sports Lift' (2010). Projects, however, tended to primarily attract physically active boys rather than the actual target group. This problem calls for a qualitative approach to gain further knowledge about the interplay within the activities. Accordingly, this study aims to examine young people's experiences of OSP activities with focus on participation, leadership and determining processes. To fulfil this purpose, a case study design was implemented. Data were collected through observations (pilot study) and semi-structured interviews with participants. The theoretical point of departure is developmental ecology, emphasizing the individual's interaction with the multilevel environment. Results show that OSP is experienced as different from conventional organized sport. Further, the domination of boys is made possible through upholding the masculine sports norm, which is actualized within determining processes.

  • 4.
    Högman, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Hedström, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Let’s do those 60 minutes! Children’s perceived landscape for daily physical activity2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a scientific effort to understand the reasons for low physical-activity levels among children, there is a need to consider how children perceive and interact with their complex environments holistically. This study outlines an image of the perceived landscape within which children in two lower-socioeconomic contexts engage in daily physical activity. By applying bioecological perspectives (Bronfenbrenner, U. 2005. Making human Beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. SAGE), the aim included an analysis of how the perceived landscape and its interrelated factors influence children’s physical activity. We used 15 focus-group interviews with children (n = 63, ages 8–13) from four different rural and suburban areas of southern and central Sweden. Through analyzing the children’s stories about their experiences of everyday physical activity from a bioecological perspective, an image of a complex landscape was revealed. Structural (schools’ institutional frameworks), cultural (local sports cultures), and environmental factors (e.g. schoolyard design) were evident in interpersonal relations within the microsystem and interacted with personal characteristics, primarily gender and level of physical competence and, thereby, affected the possibilities of the children engaging in proximal processes related to physical activity. This study contributes new qualitative understanding based on children’s voices about how the performance of daily physical activity among younger children (ages 7–13) in lower-socioeconomic areas may be considered an interactional process between individuals and their perceived environment, which can be thought of as a multidimensional landscape. Implications include actions which contribute to more diverse environments enabling proximal processes among a broader group of children.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
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