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  • 1.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Betongkonstruktion2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Betongkonstruktion behandlar dimensionering och utförande av betongkonstruktioner enligt Eurocode 2. Boken består av en teoridel som innefattar:• Böjning och böjning med normalkraft• Pelare och väggar• Genomstansning• Plattor• Beräkning i bruksgränstillståndet

    Bokens konkreta pedagogiska värden är, utöver ett stort antal övnings­exempel med lösningar och svar, ett avsnitt med utvecklande övningsuppgifter som studenterna kan lösa själva.Svaren till dessa uppgifter finns i boken och utförliga lösningsförslag finns att tillgå på webben, www.studentlitteratur.se/39041.

  • 2.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Betongkonstruktion: Formelsamling2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett komplement till boken Betongkonstruktion. Formelsamlingen är framtagen för att användas som hjälpmedel vid examination i högskole- och universitetskurser inom betongkonstruktion.

  • 3.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Archcrea Institute.
    Bio-Ecological Sustainable Windows2005In: The International Conference Sustainable Building 2005 SB05, Tokyo: SB05Tokyo National Conference Board , 2005, p. 31-34Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Window is a vital part of any house they permit natural light into the house as long as views and fresh air. In the same time we can consider that the window is an extremely influential factor in climatic design, as the weakest climatic element of the building envelope. Well designed and protected windows improve comfort year round and reduce the need for heating in winter and cooling in summer. Aesthetics appearance, view, and optical performance, are usually quite important to the occupant. In reality, the serious lighting designer cannot take any notice of the energy implications of window choices. New technologies help to resolve the historic problem of the transaction between windows that reflect unwanted solar gains in the summer and those that admit a maximum quantity of useful light. Well-designed windows and shading devices allow solar heat gain in winter and shade and ventilation in summer while providing enough day lighting. Solar gain achieved by heaving 60% of the building’s windows orientated correctly can reduce the heating load of  house by _22%.In houses, low solar heat gain coefficient glazing should be used on east and west orientations, while high glazing should be used when passive solar and day lighting are being utilized.

    Today’s window technologies can replace more primitive strategies for shielding interior spaces from unwanted sunlight, such as tinted windows and curtains.

  • 4.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Archcrea Institute.
    Efficient daylighting approach by means of light-shelve device adequate for habitat program in Aarhus City2014In: International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy, ISSN 2315-4462, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 441-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concepts of light shelves consist of windows that have face towards the sun, which receive a vast quantity of energy that could be used for healthy day lighting. This paper debates a main assessment, investigates the optimization of daylight requirement by means of light shelves system. An experimental test was carried out assessing the measurements and lighting simulations of a model of a building in order to elucidate the characteristics of indoor lighting. Light shelf is an architectural element that permits daylight to enter deep into a building. It constitutes an optimal solution for an incorrect building orientation and less sunny days. The essential objective of this study is to highlight the vital role of light shelves in residential buildings in northern Europa where the requirement is to improve the daylight in the interior functional spaces. The main objects of this paper are to investigate the effect of daylight in the interior functional spaces using light shelves, the effect of natural light diffusion in interior space in the period of low daylight season, and glare effect in this field. This paper investigates a procedure for analysing the daylight performance using software habitat function

  • 5.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Albasrah University, Albasrah, Iraq.
    Environmental reply to vernacular habitat conformation from a vast areas of Scandinavia2015In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 48, p. 825-834Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many original ideas and useful system inputs embedded in the building of human settlements in Scandinavian regions, where the landscape and habitat are strongly interconnected. A cold climate and strong winds are the most prominent risks that affect habitats. The Longhouse is the foremost traditional habitat in the Scandinavian region, dating back to the Iron Age, 2000 BC. This study examines the influence of climate on the conformation of habitats. Climate had a solid impact on the conceptions of habitat form and internal space. Wind and extreme temperatures had firming consequences on the housing arrangements, layouts, orientations, and building materials used in the construction process. Habitats from this region were located in an optimal arrangement, and the south orientation was used effectively. This investigation will provide an evaluative interpretation and analysis of the real facts of vernacular habitats in the context of energy efficiency and ecological concepts, considering human settlement patterns, architectural creation and building material uses. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 6. Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Archcrea Institute.
    Green building: The optimal solution to combat the negative effects of global climate change2011In: UIA2011 TOKYO Academic Program: Research Papers and Design Works, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Institute of Architects , 2011, p. 30303-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Archcrea Institute.
    Green housing: The optimal Solution To Combat The Negative Effects Of Global Climatechange2010In: 3rd International Conference Palenc 2010 jointly organised with EPIC 2010 & 1st Cool Roofs Conference, University of Athens, Greece , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    No Architectural concept is complete without green areas. The vital mission of biophilic architecture is to revised conceptualization of architecture in response to a myriad of contemporary concerns about the effects of human activity. Our earth is warming more rapidly than it has in the past according to the research of scientists. The green building of biophilic architecture combines the interests of sustainability, environmental consciousness, green areas of the large nature, and organic approaches to evolve design solutions from these requirements and from the characteristics of the site, its neighborhood context, and the local microclimate and topography. The biophilic concept provides us with the opportunity to reach extremely low levels of energy consumption by employing high quality, cost-efficient measures to general architectural components - such measures are in turn off advantage to the ecology and economy sector. Our essential task of this research is to make of the green covering a human strategy in urban and architectural manner and to be a human culture with helping of local governments; we can acquire the competent legislation, which protect our life and environment.

  • 8.
    Almssad, Asaad
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    Archcrea Institute.
    Kalil Almusaed, Zaki
    Heat Island Effects Upon The Human Life On The City Of Basrah2007In: Building Low Energy Cooling and Advanced Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century: 2nd PALENC Conference 28th AIVC Conference / [ed] M. Santamouris, P. Wouters, Crete island: University of Athens , 2007, p. 45-47Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the terrible consequence of the Iraq –Iran war and recently USA attack over Iraq the urban green covering disappeared from large areas of the city, beside the extension of the building over the green areas. The negative effects of this phenomenon over human’s thermal comfort become more perceptive. Today we can observe clearly the negative effect of urban heat island in the center of Basra city, precisely in physical frameworks of the city; we can observe a typical phenomenon with a large negative effect for the period of summer heating that is a natural thermodynamic phenomenon. In the surfaces of physical framework, in the core of day between 12-15 pm, the sun is shining perpendicular above the earth surfaces (framework physic). Consequently the temperature on the earth surfaces increases surprisingly up to 60 ºC. Therefore there occurs a difference of temperature between the earth surfaces and cosmos space which conduce to generate a gigantic colonization of air from the earth surface to cosmos space, such resultants of this phenomenon is no air zones and under pressure on earth surfaces, with the intention of making a nasal bleeding, which seeking for a medical intervention aide.

  • 9.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Bioclimatic Interpretation Over Vernacular Houses From Historical city Basrah.2006In: PLEA 2006: 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture., Geneve: Universite de Geneve , 2006, p. 87-91Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Basrah’s climate is hot, dry summer, mild to cold winter, and a pleasant spring and fall. The old builders from this region putted a big effort to create passive bioclimatic houses that corresponds the negative effects Basrah’s macroclimate. The courtyard is the central and dominant space in the house plan with a direct access to the living spaces. Houses from the city are compact with interior courtyard; the streets are sinuous and pass through houses volumes. The shady interior courtyard has the effect that the rooms do not communicate directly with the overheated air outside, but through intermediate buffer spaces. In the mean time between courtyard and street at least a wall or a building is always interposed. The House plan had an endomorphic form, (open tree form). The volumes were concept to create shadow which helps to move the air by natural movement to the deep superior side, that can be achieve through special holes. The architectural elements are strongly decorated, reproducing special typologies and traditional houses. Open spaces, covered by large roofs, are interesting due to the mix of diffuse light and shade that are an essential aesthetic factor in these buildings.

  • 10.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Biophilic Architecture,: The Concept Of Healthy Sustainable Architecture,2006In: PLEA 2006: 23rd International Conference on Passiveand Low Energy Architecture, Geneve: Universite de Geneve , 2006, p. 383-387Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, upon reflecting on the various settings and experiences of our lives, we should be able to find some fairly close matches between characteristics we like and characteristics that would have improved our chances of survival. In our course we perceive that the natural contiguous keeps us healthy and in turn, probably promotes physical performance as well. Occupants of built environments don’t want simply to work, play, eat, or sleep in a functional building. They want to be inspired, invigorated, comforted, and reassured by their surroundings. They want spaces that will make them more appropriate, comfortable. Biophilic architecture offers an exciting opportunity to achieve environmental, moral, social and economic benefits. Much remains to be understood about energy, environmental and life-cycle processes to engage young and enthusiastic researchers in the world-wide greenly architecture community and for those interested in biophilic architecture. The concept of biophilia deserves a deeper explanation. The hypothesis is that this affiliation leads to positive responses in terms of human performance and health even emotional states. The new movement aims to create environmentally friendly, energy-efficient buildings and developments by effectively managing natural resources.

  • 11.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Biophilic Habitat: Environment Adaptability In Context Of BioEcological Architectural Conception2010In: 3rd International Conference Palenc 2010 jointly organised with EPIC 2010 & 1st Cool Roofs Conference, University of Athens, Greece , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The vital objective of biophilic habitat is to outline attributes and put them into a clear, sensible, organized format so developers, designers, planners, and architects can learn about the importance of a connection to the natural environment in all their building projects. Renew ability is the key to our human range and our prime resource for architecture. Every site is definite as to its location, natural relief, local vegetation, and its macro-microclimate.

    Biophilic habitat becomes an original utterance in social requirement. Moreover, this concept becomes a truly new orientation of human cultural life. Biophilic habitat is a part of a new concept in architecture, that work intensive with human health, ecology and sustainability precepts, such a integrate part of architectural formation which must be in optimal proportion with other buildings material. The position of green covering and its area depend basically on the category of functions that occur under this area. Biophilic habitat produces buildings that use less energy to operate because they feature efficient designs, materials and systems. The majority biophilic architectures have highly competent heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting systems, and appliances. In addition, these biophilic restructures are built of energy-efficient materials carefully installed to prevent the loss of conditioned.

  • 12.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Building materials in eco-energy houses from Iraq and Iran2015In: Case Studies in Construction Materials Journal, ISSN 2214-5095, Vol. 1, p. 42-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Builders from the Western part of Asia are trained to make buildings that can fulfil certain required functions while giving full consideration to all sites and environmental conditions. The research covers the zone between Iraq and Iran. The first investigated region is the ‘‘Mesopotamian Marshes’’ or Iraqi-Iran Marshes, a wetland zone situated in southern Iraq and partially in southwestern Iran. The other region is a desert district, which includes a prominent part of the southern and western parts of Iraq and part of Iran. The last is the centre city of Basra. The building materials were the most important building element that affected the conformation of vernacular habitats from the western part of Asia in general and the Iraq–Iran area in particular. In this study, we needed to focus on the effects of ecological and energy-efficiency processes in creating vernacular habitats and the selection of optimal building systems and materials in this part of the world, which can be an essential point for sustainable environmental building processes in the future. Reeds, clay, straw, bricks, and wood were the most popular building materials used by builders from this region. The impact of building material on the environment embodies the essential method implicitly significant in this research to effectively determine traditional building materials in the environment, in addition to comparative analysis. This presents an essential factor of our analysis, in addition to the impact of environments on building systems. The main target of this study is to benefit designers and building engineers in their pursuit to find optimal and competent solutions suitable for specific local microclimates using traditional methods in the design process that are sustainable and ecological.

  • 13.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Umeå Unversitet.
    Improvement of Thermal Insulation by Environmental Means2012In: Effective Thermal Insulation: The Operative Factor Of A Passive Buildning Model / [ed] Amjad Almusaed, Croatia: InTech, 2012, p. 3-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, AsaadKarlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Insulation Materials in Context of Sustainability2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    archcrea-institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Passive and Low Energy Housing, Architectural Hypothesis upon Thermalperformance of Sustainable Habitat Management2011In: UIA2011 TOKYO Academic Program: Research Papers and Design Works, Tokyo: The Japan Institute of Architects. , 2011, p. 30302-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Umeå universitet.
    Passive and Low Energy Housing by Optimization2012In: Effective Thermal Insulation: The Operative Factor Of A Passive Buildning Model / [ed] Amjad Almusaed, Croatia: InTech, 2012, p. 23-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Passive And Low Energy Housing: In The Context Of “Archie-Metrics”Concept"2010In: lmssad, Rhodes Island: University of Athens, Greece , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The house is not only a roof, but also a home, the place where it is formed the moral climate and on which lasts the family spirit. The architectural product, being a product of the human work, a long time user product, like any other product it has not only to be produced but also to get the user’s disposal. The passive and low energy housing represents one of the most consistent concepts of sustainable building and brings with consideration of energy saving concept.

    Presently becomes incorrect work manner when we take the building phenomenon such as (passive and low energy building), detached from the large concept of architecture. Energy in

    passive and low energy building is an important factor; but it has an abstract act without human sentiments. Economy is other factor; all these factors classified such constant value. The human comfort is a vital aim of architecture, and it classified such variable level. The interaction always appears between the energy such abstract act and human comfort such human feeling. The balancing condition is extremely complex. Our job in this investigation is to establish a commune area by architectural conjecture over passive and low energy building.

  • 18.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Vernacular Passive Houses From Aarhus City2006In: PLEA 2006: 23rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture., Geneve: Universite de Geneve , 2006, p. 91-94Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Danish landscape and Danish building are inseparable. Aarhus is a beautiful city situate in the western part of Denmark, and the eastern part of Jutland. Long house or one wing house is a traditional type of house that is dominant in Aarhus city, and other parts of Denmark, which goes back to the Iron Age, c.2000B.C. The aggressive effect of wind obliges builder to find a practical solutions to combat the negative effect of strong wind. Wind breaks around houses is a widespread tradition for determinate a better comfort around house and to save energy. The thermal influence on the built form and orientation of buildings has the strongest influence in the countryside.

  • 19.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Almusaed, Ali
    Towards a Zero Energy House Strategy Fitting For South Iraq climate2008In: Passive and Low Energy Architecture 2008 Conference / [ed] Paul Kenny, Vivienne Brophy, J. Owen Lewis, Dublin: University College Dublin , 2008, p. 40-44Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Nathir, Ameer M
    Shading Effects Upon Cooling House Strategy In Iraq2007In: Building Low Energy Cooling and Advanced Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century: 2nd PALENC Conference 28th AIVC Conference / [ed] M. Santamouris, P. Wouters, Crete island: University of Athens , 2007, p. 40-44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Macroclimatic forces have been important factors ever since man first constructed shelter. Throughout architectural history, local buildings have used great in providing the most comfortable internal conditions possible within the exigencies and constraints of local climate. The habitual living way in Iraq is accurately reflected in the households’ organization, in their volumetric configuration, in the forms of useful locations they engender. Houses are compact with interior courtyard; the streets are sinuous and pass through houses volumes. The shady interior courtyard has the effect that the rooms do not communicate directly with the overheated air outside, but through intermediate buffer spaces. In the mean time between courtyard and street at least a wall or a building is always interposed. This isolation from the street indicates concerns for defense. The architectural elements are strongly decorated, reproducing special typologies and traditional houses. The socials relations are strong, a situation which leads to personal-social spaces. The shadow is wanted to create both by means of architectural details and volumes, which have become a landmark of the local architecture specific character, and by means of natural elements (vegetation, water, etc.). The northern orientation is perfect for the summer functional rooms.

  • 21. Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Almusad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Natural Lighting Efficiency By Means of Sun- Skylight-Tubes2014In: International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, ISSN 2249-8958, E-ISSN 2249-8958, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 16-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of comfort a luminous ambience refers to the distribution of luminance and chromatic ties on the interior envelope of a space that is one of different fields of vision for a subject within an ambience. Luminance and chromatic ties are at present not often studied as far as comfort in buildings is concerned. Sun lighting and bioclimatic concept is inseparable considerations when designing a building because of the historical and practical significance of natural lighting in architecture. Sunlight is as old as architecture itself. Human life gets sufficient sunlight, in fact, we use more of 90 % of our day indoor, for this reason, specialists are now seeing how architecture can ameliorate the indoor-outdoor links. At present, by biological and technological investigation the trend is to search backwards towards the previous philosophies and advantages of more indoor / outdoor relationship. Plus homeowners who want to have healthy home environments might want to renew the most relevant facts of technology and biology.

  • 22. Zaki, Hazem
    et al.
    Almssad, Asaad
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. Archcrea Institute.
    Thermal earth inertia such a source of energy for bio-sustainable house2005In: The International Conference Sustainable Building 2005 SB05, Tokyo: SB05Tokyo National Conference Board , 2005, p. 150-153Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The earth is our sustainer, the chain of ecologic survival. Renew ability is the key to our human continuum and our prime resource for architecture. Earth sheltering earth handling and earth escaping are more clearly pronounced in the vocabulary of architectural planning and design  . Many of us had percept the positive effect in underground tunnels by traveling through the metro. The vital and efficient sustainable energy which can be used by us is underground thermal inertia; we can become aware of that, the earth can serve in many climates as a heating or cooling source. Its high thermal capacity keeps the soil temperature, below a certain depth, considerably lower than the ambient air temperature during summer and higher than the ambient air temperature during winter. Seasonal variation of the earth temperature decreases with increase of depth, moisture content of soil and soil conductivity. It is estimated that a small number of meters below the earth surface, the earth temperature remains constant during the year. In regions with temperate climate such as Denmark, the temperature of the soil at depth of 2-3 meters can be low enough during summer or high enough during winter, to serve as a cooling or heating source. Using of the underground constant temperature can be useful for architects and designer because the temperature is between 8ºC-13ºC, and2- 3 m above the earth, can help us to find a competent solution which help us to controlled thermal comfort in houses.

1 - 22 of 22
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