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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ewa K.
    et al.
    Blekinge Inst Technol, Dept Hlth, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Sjostrom-Strand, Annica
    Lund Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Willman, Ania
    Blekinge Inst Technol, Dept Hlth, SE-37179 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Malmo Univ, Dept Care Sci, Malmo, Sweden..
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Malmo Univ, Dept Care Sci, Nursing, Malmo, Sweden. .
    Registered nurses views of caring in coronary care - a deductive and inductive content analysis2015Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, nr 23-24, s. 3481-3493Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. To extend nurses' descriptions of how they understood caring, as reflected in the findings of an earlier study (i.e. the hierarchical outcome space) and to gain additional understandings and perspectives of nurses' views of caring in relation to a coronary care patient case. Background. Scientific literature from the 1970s-1990s contains descriptions of caring in nursing. In contrast, the contemporary literature on this topic - particularly in the context of coronary care - is very sparse, and the few studies that do contain descriptions rarely do so from the perspective of nurses. Design. Qualitative descriptive study. Methods. Twenty-one nurses were interviewed using the stimulated recall interview technique. The data were analysed using deductive and inductive qualitative content analysis. Results. The results of the iterative and integrated content analysis showed that the data mainly reproduced the content of the hierarchical outcome space describing how nurses could understand caring; however, in the outcome space, the relationship broke up (i.e. flipped). The nurses' views of caring could now also be understood as: person-centredness 'lurking' in the shadows; limited 'potential' for safeguarding patients' best interests; counselling as virtually the 'only' nursing intervention; and caring preceded by the 'almighty' context. Their views offered alternative and, at times, contrasting perspectives of caring, thereby adding to our understanding of it. Conclusion. Caring was described as operating somewhere between the nurses caring values and the contextual conditions in which caring occurred. This challenged their ability to sustain caring in accordance with their values and the patients' preferences. Relevance to clinical practice. To ensure that the essentials of caring are met at all times, nurses need to plan and deliver caring in a systematic way. The use of systematic structures in caring, as the nursing process, can help nurses to work in a person-centred way, while sustaining their professional values.

  • 2. Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Sjöström-Strand, Annica
    Willman, Ania
    Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn: being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction2013Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 864-871Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Suffering a myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening event that impacts not only on the individual concerned but also on the next of kin. However, there seems to be a paucity of naturalistic inquiries that focus specifically on midlife next of kin and their experience of being close to a relative who has suffered an MI. This study aims to elucidate the experience of being a midlife next of kin of a relative who has suffered a myocardial infarction. METHOD: Nine women and four men in midlife participated in the focused interviews, which were conducted and analysed during 2010/2011 using Lindseths and Norbergs' description of the phenomenological hermeneutical method. FINDINGS: Four themes - Solely responsible, Lurking unease, Left out of the picture and Life on hold - formed the basis of the core theme Standing alone when life takes an unexpected turn. The core theme was interpreted as a central phenomenon encompassing the experience of being solely responsible for the well-being of their relative and the family, thus putting their own life on hold. The core theme also reflected the next of kin's experience of being left out of the picture when it came to the relative's care before and after the MI. CONCLUSION: The next of kin's negative feelings of standing alone were further intensified by their experience of being left out of the picture by the healthcare professionals concerning their relative's care. As a cardiac nurse, it would seem essential to have knowledge about the experiences of next of kin in connection with a relative's MI event. Such knowledge can facilitate the planning and organisation of nursing care and at the same time address the next of kin's role in the recovery and rehabilitation process.

  • 3. Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Willman, Ania
    The experience of younger adults following myocardial infarction.2013Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 23, nr 6, s. 762-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of the experience of younger people (< 55 years) during their first year following a myocardial infarction. We analyzed 17 interviews using a phenomenological-hermeneutic method. The core theme and central phenomenon was the everyday fight to redress the balance in life, which encompassed an existential, physical, and emotional battle to regain a foothold in daily life. The aftermath of a life-threatening event involved a process of transition while at the same time creating a new meaning in life. Lack of energy and its impact on the complex interplay of midlife combined with unreasonable demands from employers and health care professionals seemed to color the experience of the informants. The knowledge gained in this study can constitute a valuable contribution to overall quality assurance in nursing care and the development of nursing interventions for the cardiac rehabilitation of younger patients.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Ewa Kazimiera
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology; Lund University.
    Willman, Ania
    Blekinge Institute of Technology, Malmö University.
    Sjöström-Strand, Annica
    Lund University.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Malmö University.
    Registered nurses’ descriptions of caring: A phenomenographic interview study2015Ingår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 14, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing has come a long way since the days of Florence Nightingale and even though no consensus exists it would seem reasonable to assume that caring still remains the inner core, the essence of nursing. In the light of the societal, contextual and political changes that have taken place during the 21st century, it is important to explore whether these might have influenced the essence of nursing. The aim of this study was to describe registered nurses’ conceptions of caring. Methods: A qualitative design with a phenomenographic approach was used. The interviews with twenty-one nurses took place between March and May 2013 and the transcripts were analysed inspired by Marton and Booth’s description of phenomenography. Results: The analysis mirrored four qualitatively different ways of understanding caring from the nurses’ perspective: caring as person-centredness, caring as safeguarding the patient’s best interests, caring as nursing interventions and caring as contextually intertwined. Conclusion: The most comprehensive feature of the nurses’ collective understanding of caring was their recognition and acknowledgment of the person behind the patient, i.e. person-centredness. However, caring was described as being part of an intricate interplay in the care context, which has impacted on all the described conceptions of caring. Greater emphasis on the care context, i.e. the environment in which caring takes place, are warranted as this could mitigate the possibility that essential care is left unaddressed, thus contributing to better quality of care and safer patient care. 

  • 5. Bohman, Doris M
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Student exchange for nursing students: Does it raise cultural awareness'? A descriptive, qualitative study.2014Ingår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 259-264Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With free movement for citizens within the European Union and with distant parts of our globe becoming more accessible, cultural awareness and cultural competence are becoming important skills for nurses. Internationalisation and raising awareness of other cultural contexts are essential elements in Swedish higher education, thus explaining the variety of student exchange programmes that are available. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish nursing students' perceptions of student exchange and their experiences. Data were collected through group interviews and then analysed following the principles of content analysis. Our analysis resulted in three categories: Preparing to go abroad, Reasons for going abroad and From expectation to experience. Cultural aspects and cultural awareness were emphasised as strong motivational factors, both personal and professional, behind participation in student exchange programmes. Information was also highlighted as a crucial means of reaching potential students as well as the power of knowledge through personal experience. This study highlights the importance of student exchange in expanding the individual student's personal and professional horizons. It also stresses the importance of including a transcultural nursing element in nursing curricula.

  • 6.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013). Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Hentzel, Johanna
    Blekinge Cty Council, Primary Hlth Care RN, Nursing, Blekinge, Sweden..
    Bohman, Doris M.
    Blekinge Inst Technol, Dept Hlth, Fac Hlth Sci, Blekinge, Sweden..
    Public health care nurses' views of mothers' mental health in paediatric healthcare services: A qualitative study2015Ingår i: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 470-480Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate public health nurses' perceptions and experiences of mental health and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum, within paediatric healthcare services. Background: Although maternal health following childbirth should be a priority within primary care, it is known that women postpartum do not always receive the support they need to adapt to and cope with motherhood. Research implies that postnatal problems lack recognition and are not always acknowledged in routine practice. Few studies have been presented on this topic or from the perspective of nurses. Methods: For this study, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health nurses, and the transcribed texts were analysed through a process inspired by Burnard's description of the four-step qualitative content analysis. Findings: Three categories - external influences on postpartum mental health, screening for and preventing postpartum mental ill health and paediatric healthcare services as a platform for support - were interpreted to reflect the nurses' perceptions and experiences of mental health among women postpartum and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum. Conclusion: We found that public health nurses can have an important role in supporting mothers' mental health postpartum. Although caution is warranted in interpreting our results, the findings concur with those of other studies, highlighting that an equal care emphasis on both the mother and child can be an important aspect of successful support. Implementing person-centred care might be one strategy to create such an emphasis, while also promoting the mental health of new mothers. Public health nurses have a unique opportunity to support mothers' transition into healthy motherhood, especially because they are likely to meet both mothers and children on a regular basis during the first year after birth.

  • 7. Dupin, Cécile Marie
    et al.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Debout, Christophe
    Rothan-Tondeur, Monique
    An ethnographic study of nurses' experience with nursing research and its integration in practice.2014Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 70, nr 9, s. 2128-2139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To report from a study aimed at illuminating how French Registered Nurses experience and engage in nursing research in clinical practice.

    BACKGROUND: Nursing research in France is mainly conducted by nurses working at clinical research units rather than by dedicated nurse researchers. Education, i.e. advanced degrees, in the field of nursing research is still in its infancy and not yet consistent with the international context. Outside France, the general perception is that nursing research is a unified part of professional nursing. Consequently, in-depth knowledge about how nurses in a French clinical context might experience and engage in nursing research is still lacking.

    DESIGN: The design of this study was influenced by an ethnographic approach as described by the French anthropologists Beaud and Weber.

    METHOD: Data, participatory observations, field notes and interviews (n = 6) were collected in a teaching hospital between April-August 2012. The field consisted of a wound-care unit and clinical research units. Collected data were analysed based on Beaud and Weber's description of analysis.

    RESULTS: Three beliefs were identified: being a unified part of a research team, being an integral part of 'crosswise - across' activities and being part of research activities.

    CONCLUSION/IMPLICATION FOR RESEARCH: Commitment to nursing research was strengthened by patient-related issues. Based on this context, nursing research would likely benefit from the support of a naturalized reciprocity between clinical practice and research.

  • 8.
    Olsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Ringner, Anders
    Umea Univ, Dept Nursing, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Blekinge Inst Technol, Dept Hlth Sci, SE-37971 Karlskrona, Sweden.;Malmo Univ, Fac Hlth & Soc, SE-20506 Malmo, Sweden..
    Including systematic reviews in PhD programmes and candidatures in nursing Hobson's choice'?2014Ingår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 102-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, gathering and synthesising evidence, i.e. conducting systematic reviews, is considered an important part of any health service research endeavour. Reviewing the literature, however suggest that it is not yet common that PhD students/doctoral candidates publish systematic reviews or even include a high quality review of the literature as a part of their PhD programme or candidature. Implying that systematic reviewing skills might not be acquired by going through an education on a postgraduate level. Additionally, scholars debating systematic reviews 'to be or not to be' as a part of research training seem to be sparse, especially within the field of nursing. In this issue for debate, we would like to propose that the absence of systematic reviews' in this context might severely hamper the 'up and coming' researchers as well as the research conducted. We envisage that this lack can have a negative impact on international nursing practice, and therefore propose that systematic reviews should be considered, whenever appropriate, as a mandatory part of any PhD programme or candidature. We believe that abilities in systematic reviewing will be a sought after research skills in the near future. Including systematic reviews would promote i) refined, well-grounded adequate research questions, ii) PhDs with broad and elevated methodological skills, iii) an increased level of evidence based nursing praxis. However, to make this a reality, supervisors, PhD students, and candidates would need to understand the value of this kind of research activity. Finally, lobbying University faculty boards and grant providers that are not inclined to view literature reviews as 'proper' research or as an important part of health service research, needs to be put on the agenda. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 9.
    Sandström, Boel
    et al.
    Blekinge högskola.
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola.
    Svensson, Bengt
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    'How do we know if this is the best?' Mental health-care professionals' views on national guidelines for psychosocial interventions.2014Ingår i: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 221-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    National guidelines are released regularly, and professionals are expected to adopt and implement them. However, studies dealing with mental health-care professionals' views about guidelines are sparse. The aim of the present study was to highlight mental health-care staff's views on the Swedish national guidelines for 'psychosocial interventions for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-type symptoms' and their implementation. The study took place in the southeast parts of Sweden, and data were collected through five group interviews consisting of 16 professionals working either in the county council or in the municipalities. The transcribed text was analysed by content analysis, revealing two categories. The first category 'a challenge to the practice of care as known' reflected that the release of guidelines could be perceived as a challenge to prevailing care and culture. The second category 'anticipating change to come from above' mirrored views on how staff expected the implementation process to flow from top to bottom. To facilitate working in accordance with guidelines, we suggest that future guidelines should be accompanied by an implementation plan, where the educational needs of frontline staff are taken into account. There is also a need for policy makers and managers to assume responsibility in supporting the implementation of evidence-based practice.

  • 10.
    Sandström, Boel
    et al.
    Blekinge Högskola.
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö högskola.
    Svensson, Bengt
    Lunds universitet.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Mapping attitudes and awareness with regard to national guidelines: an e-mail survey among decision makers.2014Ingår i: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 884-893Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The adoption of evidence-based guidelines within the mental health field has been slow. Changing inadequate practice is therefore a formidable challenge for mental health-care managers.

    AIM: To explore decision-makers' attitudes and awareness regarding the national guidelines for psychosocial interventions targeting people with schizophrenia.

    METHOD: A questionnaire distributed by e-mail to 592 Swedish decision-makers was analysed using descriptive and comparative techniques.

    RESULTS: Significantly more of the top-level mental health-care managers than politicians stated that they knew about the national guidelines (i.e. their release and content) and they considered the guidelines to be a good source of support for planning and allocating resources.

    CONCLUSION: If those responsible for allocating resources (i.e. politicians) are unaware of the dissemination of national guidelines or their content, and they do not perceive the national guidelines to be a good source of support for planning and allocating resources, this is likely to have a negative influence on the remit of nurse managers as well as nursing practice.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Top-level mental health-care managers have a vital role to play in the implementation of national guidelines. However, our findings indicate that implementing national guidelines in practice could be virtually impossible without strategic government support.

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