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  • 1.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Att skilja agnarna från vetet ' om hållbar användning av genmodifierade organismer2001In: Sveriges Utsädesförenings Tidskrift 111, 21-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Biosafety Principles for GMOs in the Context of Sustainable Development2003In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 10, 15-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If genetically modified organisms are to contribute to welfare they must be considered in the context of sustainable development. Biosafety implies considering the environmental, economic and social dimensions of sustainable development. These dimensions can be interpreted through the principles of precaution, polluter pays and public participation. In this article, these key biosafety principles are operationalised and ways of implementing them in society is discussed. A comparison is made between the principles and the present EU law for deliberate release of GMOs. It is concluded that several improvements in the EU policy are necessary to ensure sustainable development really is promoted

  • 3.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Ethics of Sustainable Development ' a Study of Swedish Regulations for Genetically Modified Organisms2003In: Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16, 51-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member States the possibility to take into consideration ethical aspects of GMOs in the decision-making. This article investigates the potential effects of such formulation by means of an empirical analysis of experiences gained the last years from similar Swedish regulations for GMOs, aiming at promoting sustainable development. The faulty implementation shown in the Swedish case indicates that legal stipulations for ethics as such have limited importance. It is suggested that public participation is an important factor for successful implementation of the ethics of sustainable development

  • 4.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Genetically Modified Trees in the Context of Sustainable Development2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Genmodifiering av skogsträd i perspektivet hållbar utveckling2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Konflikthantering för hållbar utveckling ' om människor och skyddade skogar i Tanzania2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Managing Complex Environmental Risks for Sustainable Development2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is concerned with the problematic question on how to manage complex environmental risks in a way that promotes sustainable development. While there are some positive signs on progressive and successful environmental policy, environmental change resulting from human activities still causes severe problems and risks worldwide.



    Environmental risks are conventionally handled through a process in which experts try to quantitatively assess, evaluate and manage risks. This approach harmonises with mainstream interpretations of sustainable development, aiming at describing and prescribing a certain relationship between human and natural systems, for instance by policies that define limit values for pollutants.



    Often, however, scientific incertitude (risk, ambiguity, uncertainty, ignorance) and diverging social values and norms as well as distrust, challenge such policies. The thesis describes this dilemma by an investigation of public risk policies in Sweden and the European Union for hazardous chemicals and genetically modified organisms.



    Against this background, and in the light of new ideas on the notion of risk from social sciences, a new, complementary interpretation of the concept of sustainable development is suggested. This, in turn, is operationalised by help of new formulations of three principles for improving public risk management; the precautionary principle, the polluter pays principle and the principle of public participation.



    Implementation of these principles would challenge present mainstream views on environmental decision-making. Thereby the thesis aims to contribute to the growing number of voices that ask for sustainable development in not only rhetoric, but also practices for long-term human welfare and planetary survival

  • 8.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Miljörätt och miljöpolitik2001In: Miljö i ett företagsperspektiv, Stockholm: PREVENT , 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Regulatory frameworks for sustainable control of genetically modified organisms2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Risk Management of Genetically Modified Organisms and Hazardous Chemicals for Sustainable Development2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Science and norms in policies for sustainable development: Assessing and managing risks of chemical substances and genetically modifed organisms in the European Union2006In: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 44, 49-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Use of chemical substances and genetically modifed organisms cause complex problems characterised by scientifc uncertainty and controversies. Aiming at sustainable development, policies for assessment, and management of risks in the two areas are under development in the European Union. The article points out that both science and norms play a central role in risk assessment as well as risk management and suggests that the precautionary principle, the principle of public participation, and the polluter pays principle, all adopted in the European Union, offer a way to operationalise the concept of sustainable development. It is shown, however, that a number of steps ought to be taken to better implement the principles through different policy measures. In doing so, and by recognising the role of both science and norms, the decision-making on risks related to the use of chemicals or genetically modifed organisms can be improved to better promote sustainable development

  • 12.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The Precautionary Principle, Swedish Chemicals Policy and Sustainable Development2006In: Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 9, No. 4, 337360,Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The precautionary principle is one of the most contested principles in the debate on the new EU chemicals legislation. The purpose of this paper is to

    operationalise the principle and to investigate the consequences of its application. Five core elements of precautionary management of chemicals are derived and traced in Swedish policy and legislation through history. It is shown that precautionary measures were required as early as the eighteenth century. The conclusion is drawn that these measures in Sweden seem to have promoted sustainable development from both an environmental and a socio-economic point of view

  • 13.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    Beyond the limits: On Violated Environmental Quality Standards and Health Effects from Particles in Sweden2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present levels of particles in the air present a serious health problem in Sweden and legal quality standards for particles are violated. The article analyses if the environmental quality standard is possible to maintain by present legislation, if the standard is based on scientific facts concerning which types of particles that are most hazardous, and if the proposed legally based action programme for counteracting particle concentrations in Stockholm beyond the limits is effective. It suggests developed legislation, a new standard for fine particles and increased focus on traffic reducing measures, if the standards are to be maintained

  • 14.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Kåberger, Tomas
    Polluter Accountability for Nuclear Energy Systems in a New Risk Context2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The polluter pays principle is a world-wide principal cornerstone for polluter accountability in environmental policy. It is a prerequisite for avoiding the establishment of too destructive industrial plants. According to EU legislation, the polluter is supposed to pay for both preventive measures and remediation related to adverse effects on human health and the environment.



    That said, much remains to be decided when implementing the principle in practice. This paper investigates the operationalisation of the polluter pays principle in relation to negative effects associated with nuclear power.



    More and less predictable quantities of radioactive pollution will pose uncertain risks to an unknown number of future human beings. How can polluter accountability be assessed and valued? Who should make these decisions and in what ways?



    These questions are discussed in relation to the development of the risk discourse in society since the early days of the nuclear epoch. To conclude, the new risk context leads to a questioning of present policy regimes and brings a set of new regulatory ideas to the fore

  • 15.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Lindh, Magnus
    Understanding Sustainable Development: A Systemic View for Successful Realisation2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Swahn, Johan
    Nuclear Waste, Risks and Sustainable Development2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hållbar utveckling i skogslandskapet ' med energi i fokus2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hållbar utveckling i Värmland - Strategier för lokal och regional hållbar utveckling av energisystem i ett femtioårsperspektiv2002Report (Refereed)
1 - 18 of 18
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