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  • 1.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Anderzen-Carlsson, Agneta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Norlén, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Ericastiftelsen.
    Pernebo, Karin
    FoU Kronoberg, Region Kronoberg; Institutionen för Psykologi, Linnéuniversitetet.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    Institutionen för Psykologi, Linnéuniversitetet.
    iRiSk II: Utveckling av bedömningsinstrument och stödinsatser för våldsutsatta barn - rapport fråm två delprojekt2018Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Digitalisering och hälsa.: Kan coola nya digitala prylar och "appar" hjälpla oss att må bättre?2019Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag finns en mängd olika digitala lösningar för att hjälpa oss att bli mer hälsosamma. Det finns applikationer, eller ”appar”, för att få oss att äta nyttigare, röra oss mer eller sova bättre, för att bara nämna några få hälsorelaterade områden. Frågan är om och hur de hjälper oss?

  • 3.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Mind over matter: Non-cognitive assessments for the selection of the Swedish voluntary soldier of peace2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was firstly, to investigate if the current selection system mirrors the task of international deployment and voluntariness. Secondly, to investigate if and how non-cognitive assessments of personality and resilience, individual aspects that seem underrepresented in the current selection system, may increment validity to the current selection system. Since 2012 the Swedish Armed Forces is an All-volunteer Force where young men and women voluntarily can apply for a military service. In contrast to conscription, military service today includes compulsory international deployments with different demands on the personnel’s range of possible abilities and skills as well as selection process—yet the current selection system may not sufficiently correspond to the changes.

    The thesis comprises four studies (Study I-IV) with relevant military samples, and aside from Study I, a validation of a short version personality questionnaire (PQ) being used in two of the subsequent studies, Study II-IV had a longitudinal design. Study II shows that the former selection system lacked prognostic value of soldiers’ performance during international deployment, and their ability to readjust at homecoming. Additionally, Study II shows that non-cognitive assessments can be used as predictors for readjustment. Study III indicates that international deployment does not need to be harmful for the psychological well-being and that good health seems to be a stable factor across time and situations. Thus, selection of “good health” and resilience may prove fruitful. Study IV suggests that high motivation to serve may have serious consequences for selection decisions and, in the long run, the recruits’ psychological well-being.

    In sum, this thesis suggests that the current selection system needs adaption to the task of repeated international deployments and to the voluntary applicant pool, and that non-cognitive assessment may increment validity.

  • 4.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Socialt stöd: En explorativ faktoranalys av ett frågeformulär för urvalet till Försvarsmakten2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study presents an exploratory factor analysis of a questionnaire regar­ding military recruits’ social support from friends and family (i.e., Social support) for their voluntary enlistment, and participation in the basic military training. The participants consisted of the 1290 (1133 men and 157 women) who had been accepted to and started the first rounds of basic military training in the new Swedish Armed Forces All-volunteer Force in 2011. The exploratory factor analysis (Principal Component Analysis, with Oblique-rotation) yielded a simple structure where 11 of the original 13 statements loaded on four related factors. Two of the fac­tors consisted of the statements which were common to all participants, that is, all participants were able to answer them. These two factors re­garded an articulated support for family and friend, and an unspoken dis­approval, respectively. The remaining two factors where specific for the participants who had either been deployed on international operations previously, or were in (or had recently ended) a relationship. The study also explores the relationships between the emerging four factors and two questions regarding the participants’ rating of the importance of social support for their well-being (i.e., Importance of social support), and the prevalence of previous relationship problems (i.e., Relationship problems). However, the structure, and in particular the two latter factors need to be evaluated further, and the results should therefore be interpreted with caution. In addition, the introduction to this study presents a theoretical background to the field of social support, and its importance for military populations.

  • 5.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Berggren, Anders W.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Military capacity and Civil adjustment: Assessments of the "re-usable" peacekeeping soldier for development of a selection system2012In: International Journal of Selection and Assessment, ISSN 0965-075X, E-ISSN 1468-2389, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 171-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated whether “re-usable” soldiers, that is, those who performed well during operations (Military capacity), and were able to readjust post-deployment (Civil adjustment), could be identified pre-deployment. Participants were 364 UN peacekeeping soldiers. Three hypotheses were posed: (a) the selection system for conscripts cannot identify soldiers with low Military capacity, (b) the selection system for conscripts cannot identify soldiers with poor Civil adjustment after deployment, and (c) the two aspects of “re-usability” (Military Capacity and Civil Adjustment) would be intertwined. Results showed that the selection system for conscripts was unable to identify soldiers’ Military Capacity and Civil Adjustment. Results also showed that these two aspects were unrelated, and did not interact. Indications on possible consequences, and improvements were discussed.

  • 6.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Bergkvist, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Welfare technology and user experience: A study of seniors´ expectations on and first impressions of a robotic shower2019In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii at Manoa , 2019, p. 4297-4306Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study shows that seniors strive to become more independent and that acceptance of welfare technology needs to be understood in the specific situation. User experiences from welfare technology, such as the robotic shower, that serve in a very intimate situation, may not be comparable to the results from previous studies of, for example, surveillance technology.

    The preliminary results in this paper build on both qualitative and quantitative data, and show that seniors are in general positive to replacing the current shower situation with a more autonomous shower situation as provided by the robotic shower. An important aspect for acceptance was the functionality of the robotic shower. Furthermore, this study showed that the understanding of the shower situation in general can be used for improvement of the current shower situation, to prevent learned helplessness.

  • 7.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Bergkvist, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Service robots in health-care. Value-creation or cost-saving: either, neither or both?2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Department of Leadership and Management, Swedish National Defence College, Karlstad.
    Carlstedt, Berit
    Department of Leadership and Management, Swedish National Defence College, Karlstad.
    A construct validation of a profession-focused personality questionnaire (PQ) versus the SIMP and the FFPI2010In: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, E-ISSN 2151-2426, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 136-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a construct validation of a profession-focussed personality questionnaire (PQ), based on the Big Five, and developed for a military population and context. The sample (N = 363) consisted of participants selected for international services in the Swedish Armed Forces. The structure of the PQ was modelled by means of confirmatory factor analysis, and its convergent validity was tested against the FFPI (A. A. J. Hendricks, K. B. W. Hofstee, & B. de Raad, 1999, 2000) and the SIMP (S. A. Woods & S. E. Hampson, 2005) as correlations. The emergent structure of the PQ - 41 items and seven aspects - showed good internal consistency, and acceptable convergent validity with both criterion instruments. The only non-convergence was found between the Agreeableness aspect of the PQ, Concern for Others, and Agreeableness of the SIMP, most likely due to the broader SIMP factor. The structure of PQ was tested on a new sample (N = 274) and was found stable regarding the factor loadings and the relations between the factors. While the PQ needs to be investigated further, it seems as if it may become a useful tool in the research of military teams and contexts.

  • 9.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Expectations of romantic relationships: A comparison between homosexual and heterosexual men with regard to Baxter´s criteria.1999In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 363-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to Baxter (1986) every relationship has rules which must be followed. If at least one of these rules is broken, it gives the individual the right to breadup the relationship. Baxter identified eight such rules or criteria. The aim of the present  study was to investigate whether or not the expectations of romantic relationships held by homosexual men can be linked to Baxter's criteria. Data were obtained through a questionnaire addressed to 31 homosexual men and 50 heterosexual men. Results indicated that Baxter's criteria can be linked to expectations of romantic relationships held by men regardless of sexual orientation, and that age and experience are more reliable predictors than is sexual orientation.

  • 10.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Fredrik, Hjärthag
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Almkvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Improved resilience and well-being in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter piracy operation off the coast of SomaliaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    ME01: Beskrivning och uppföljning av deltagarnas psykologiska status före, under och efter insatsen2012Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Standardiserade beskrivningar för nya psykologiska urvalsinstrument: Separata beskrivningar för antagningsprövningen (AP) och den grundläggande militära utbildningen (GMU)2012Report (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Improved resiliency and well-being among military personnel in a Swedish Naval Force after a counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 350-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore: (1) how the psychological health of the members of the first European Union Naval Force (ME01) was affected by international deployment off the coast of Somalia; and (2) if and how organizational and personal factors (e.g., type of personnel category, previous experiences, and resilience) affected their psychological health and well-being post-deployment. The study had an exploratory longitudinal design, where the participants were assessed both before and after deployment (i.e., T1 and T2). The participants (n=129, 120 men, 9 women) were equally distributed between officers (n=68; 64 men, 4 women) and sailors (n=61; 56 men, 5 women). The members' average age was 31years, ranging from 20 to 61. For the majority (78%) ME01 was their first international deployment and officers were, in general, more experienced than sailors. The overall results showed that the members' reported a positive experience with improved resilience and well-being (e.g., sense of coherence). However, the result also showed that type of personnel category (i.e., officer or sailor) affected their psychological health. Why and how these differences among military personnel arise is discussed, but deserves further attention.

  • 14.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Sjöberg, Lennart
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    A comparison of applicants' and incumbents' mean scores on health constructs and personality constructs.: A follow-up study of military recruits in a selection setting2015In: International Journal of Selection and Assessment, ISSN 0965-075X, E-ISSN 1468-2389, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 120-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study looked at the effects of self-enhancement in a real recruitment setting, and included both personality constructs, and the more infrequently studied, health constructs. The participants (N = 202) were assessed first as applicants, and later as incumbents. The result revealed that self-enhancement was more ubiquitous on the personality constructs than on the health constructs. However, the effect sizes were stronger for the latter, and it was twice as likely for the participants to confirm having experienced previous traumatic/stressful events as incumbents compared to as applicants. Implications for self-enhancement on personality and health constructs in military recruitment situations are discussed. 

  • 15.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013). Försvarshögskolan.
    Wallenius, Claes
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Examining the impact of personality and situational factors on decision making among military staffs2014In: Journal of Military Studies, ISSN 1700-3350, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Military staff performance may be inferior due to several reasons. The purpose of the present survey was to study the impact of stress reactions, personality factors, situation awareness, and maladaptive group dynamics on the frequency of faulty decision-making in Swedish high-level military staffs. Participants were mainly captains and majors, but also lieutenant colonels and colonels took part (n = 256, 61 % response rate). A self-made questionnaire was administered in two staff exercises. Maladaptive group dynamics, stress exposure, lack of situation awareness, and negative stress reactions were the strongest predictors of poor staff performance, while personality had less impact.

  • 16.
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Wolgers, Gerhard
    Försvarsmaktens HR Centrum.
    Utvärdering av officersurvalet till Officersprogrammet vid Militärhögskolan Karlberg: Det psykologiska urvalet betydelse för studieprestationen2012Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Gustafsson, Ann-Sophie
    et al.
    Karlstads kommun.
    Bergkvist, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Bäccman, Charlotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Behovsstyrd utveckling av välfärdsteknik med test och utvärdering som en naturlig del av verksamhetens förbättringsarbete2019Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Presentation om hur införandet av en automatiserad duschlösning skapade olika värden för två användargrupper, äldre och vårdpersonal. Där oberoende var en viktig aspekt för både personal och äldre, men där personalens perspektiv var mer tvetydigt och ambivalent då deras arbetsinsatser inte bara förbättrades utan även i vissa aspekter försvårades. De äldre användarnas perspektiv handlade mer om ett ökat oberoende och upplevelsen av att återfå kontrollen i duschsituationen. Här diskuterades också resultatens implikationer samt lärdomar från studien.

1 - 17 of 17
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