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  • 1.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier.
    Bridging Boundaries in the Borderland of Bureaucracies: Individual Impact on Organisational Adaption to Demanding Situations in Civil and Military Contexts2013Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to reach a deeper understanding of how boundary spanners are bridging boundaries between uniformed bureaucratic organisations and their environment, characterised by demanding conditions.

    The main part of this thesis is based upon empirical data gathered through 71 interviews with Swedish civil and military informants from several uniformed organisations. Four articles have been included in this thesis in order to address the overarching aim.

    The results show that boundary spanners are crucial to the adaption of uniformed organisations to demanding conditions. A number of aspects that are included in the process of organisational adaption have been identified. One of the tasks is to balance between structuring and improvisation where much is at stake. The other task is to create confidence among the involved actors and contribute in different ways to create a sense of symmetry between partners. Finally, the third task for boundary spanners is to recognise improvised roles such as spontaneous links in order to maintain stressful conditions and bridge a gap in the bureaucratic organisation. 

    The present thesis contributes to sociological theory of emotions, disaster management and military studies through a common denominator, namely the demanding context. Taken together, the findings increase awareness of how organisations act towards their environments and how individuals, especially boundary spanners, adapt the organisation to its environment. For leaders and managers, it is important to make decisions, provide mandates and authorisation, as well as invest confidence in boundary spanners. The hierarchical chain may remain in existence, but it can be made shorter and more transparent through this kind of knowledge.

     

     

  • 2.
    Alvinius, Aida
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    The Inadequacy of Bureaucratic Organizations: Organizational Adaptation through Boundary Spanning in a Civil-Military Context2012Inngår i: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 1-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Governmental bodies such as the Armed Forces are examples of bureaucratic organizations characterized by centralized hierarchical structure, rationality, stability, impersonal rules, clear boundaries, responsibility and authority. Critics claim that because of a rigid structure, organizations with a strict vertical hierarchy of authority do not function well in non-routine situations where creativity and flexibility are required. But hierarchy survives by incorporating elements that are not traditionally found in a classically bureaucratic structure. In the military context, liaison officers and military observers are examples of such elements, frequently operating with a high degree of independence between the boundaries of their own organization and its environment. The purpose of this study is to explore how bureaucratic, hierarchically structured organizations can function in a demanding and dynamic environment characterized by life and death situations? Twenty-one informants (mainly military officers) were interviewed. They had a variety of experiences and occupational roles in civil-military collaboration contexts. A grounded theory analysis of interview data shows that military organizations' adaptation to unpredictable environments can be empirically shown to be a balancing act between improvisation and flexibility on the one hand and the pursuit of structure and adherence to established hierarchical order on the other. For adaptation to be possible there must be actors (boundary spanners or links) to implement it, and meeting grounds (temporary organization) on which to work and get their act together.

  • 3.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management (ILM).
    Danielsson, Erna
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management (ILM).
    Structure versus freedom of action: Leadership during the rescue operation following the 2004 tsunami2010Inngår i: International Journal of Emergency Management, ISSN 1471-4825, E-ISSN 1741-5071, Vol. 7, nr 3-4, s. 304-322Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical understanding of leadership during a complex rescue operation following a major disaster in a foreign country. The analysis followed a grounded theory approach. Seventeen informants from three Swedish authorities were interviewed on leadership in the emergency handling of the 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia. A theoretical conceptualisation was developed which includes three superior categories: antecedent conditions, situational constraints and core aspects of leadership. Within the last-mentioned superior category a core variable was identified: a balance between the need for structure and the need for freedom. Leaders who strive to create structure at the expense of freedom of action are less inclined to delegate and more likely to wear themselves out. Conversely, those who strive to create great freedom of action bypass many links in the organisational chain, thus 'short-circuiting' the organisation as a whole.

  • 4.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management.
    Danielsson, Erna
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management .
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management .
    The inadequacy of an ordinary organisation: Organisational adaptation to crisis through planned and spontaneous links2010Inngår i: International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, ISSN 1440-5377, nr 15, s. 87-102Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergency response organisations face the challenge of having a bureaucratic structure and meeting extreme situations where predefined directives cannot cover all possible emerging contingencies. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the concept of links within the framework of emergency response agencies during severely demanding operations. The empirical data are based on fifty in-depth interviews from three crisis events. The results suggest that collaboration during crisis management is facilitated by two types of links—planned and spontaneous—and both can act vertically and horizontally. The results imply an elaboration of the organizational concept boundary spanners. 

  • 5.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013). Försvarshögskolan .
    Krekula, Clary
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Managing visibility and differentiating in recruitment of women as leaders in the Armed Forces2016Inngår i: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier.
    Larsson, G.
    Emotional smoothness and confidence building: Boundary spanners in a civil-military collaboration context2014Inngår i: International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, ISSN 1740-8938, E-ISSN 1740-8946, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 223-239Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Alvinius, Aida
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Kylin, Camilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för psykologi.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för sociala studier.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Rules of Emotional Engagement (RoEE): Samverkan och förtroendeskapande ur ett emotionsteoretiskt perspektiv2011Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Krekula, Clary
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013).
    Engström, Lars-Gunnar
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013).
    Alvinius, Aida
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013).
    Sweden: An extended working life policy that overlooks gender considerations2017Inngår i: Gender, ageing and extended working lives: Cross-national perspectives / [ed] Aine Ni Leime, Debra Street, Sarah Vickenstaff, Clary Krekula, Wendy Loretto, Policy Press , 2017, s. 157-174Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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