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  • 1. Alexanderson, K
    et al.
    von Knorring, M
    Parmander, M
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdens ledning och styrning av arbetet med patienters sjukskrivning2007Report (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Gonäs, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Changing Structures and Women’s Role as Labor Force2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 89-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to analyze changes in the development of women's role as labor force over a 40-year period. This is done by presenting research results that concern the restructur-ing of the labor market over different time periods. The empirical material is from the 1960s, the heyday of the Swedish model; from the 1980s, the period that economic historians label the third industrial revolution; and from the 1990s, a period labeled the new working life that is covering the reorganization of the public sector.For the first period results from restructuring in the shipyard industry are presented as well as employment outcomes for single individuals. This industry was male dominated with very few women employed, but regional policy measures were implemented to reach a latent female labor force. The second period is covered by a study of closures and cutbacks in different industries in Sweden during 1982–1983. The proportion of women employed in the industries studied was around one third and employment outcomes had a specific gendered pattern. Women did to a lower extent than men get new permanent jobs. Permanent temporariness was introduced as a concept to describe their labor market situation.The recession that one decade later hit both female- and male-dominated sectors is il-lustrated by a study of the relations between labor market attachment, working life, and family conditions. The material comes from a regional research program based on a questionnaire and on register data on incomes from 1990 to 1999. The paper analyzes several areas related to work and outside of work that indicate a gendered pattern of multidimensional subordination and an increased polarization in terms of both gender and class. In conclusion, the 40 years has been a period of dramatic change in women's situation as labor force. In times of restructuring they often entered into precarious job situations or unemploy-ment. Women's double burden proved remarkably resilient when explaining gender differences in employment and working conditions.

  • 3.
    Gonäs, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gendered patterns of labour market attachment and sickness absence2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4. Karlqvist, L.
    et al.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gender differences in time pressure and health among journalists2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims. The first study aimed to shed light on were differences between male and female journalists, between journals of different size and between editorial work in a big city and a provincial town. We have been studying whether, and in that case how, working conditions and health for women and men have been influenced by the integration of the sexes that has taken place parallel to technological development. In the follow-up study we focussed on gender differences in time pressure and health.

    Methods. Questionnaires for self-evaluation, interviews and observation were used as methods to analyze working conditions, workload and health. One big, one medium sized and one small daily newspaper were included in the study. A total of 317 answered the questionnaire, while in two of the news offices 24 journalists were interviewed and observed with regard to their working conditions and health.

    Results. As a profession journalism has for long been male dominated, but is now showing a bigger share of women. Between 1989 and 2000 the share of women rose from 34 to 47 percent and the increase seems to be going on. Through this, the journalist profession has become one of the few professions with a balanced gender division. Todaý's situation is according to our study to a certain degree still marked by a traditional gender order.

    Time pressure was surprisingly identical irrespective of financial status, number of employees and circulation. Pressure to produce quickly was as high for the slimmed organisation of the big city newspaper, which was competing on a tough media market, as for the small newspaper that struggled for survival. High pressure in time indicated high demands.

    Evaluations of stress levels in our study indicated co-variations with the level of demands in this respect. The connection between stress evaluation and ailments were a rather general feature for all the three editorial offices and most blatantly for the women. Health results were different for women and men. The work situation did not explain the entire difference in health outcomes. What also seemed to be important was that the physical design of the workplaces was not adapted to women to a sufficient degree.

    In the follow-up study we found that 62 percent of the women and 54 percent of the men reported that time pressure had increased during the last two years. Work load had increased more among the women (72 percent compared to 39 percent among the men) and the women we more restricted to their computer work than the men and it had increased from the initial study. The women also reported more musculoskeletal and psychosocial symptoms than the men and an increase from the first study was seen.

    Conclusions. Journalists report high pressure in time in their job and our study indicates that more women than men experience increase in time pressure during the last couple of years. The female journalists also reported more musculoskeletal as well as psychosocial symptoms than the male journalists.

  • 5. Karlqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Uppföljning och utvärdering: Journaliststudien2005In: På gränsen till genombrott? Om det könsuppdelade arbetslivet s. 218-222 / [ed] Gonäs L, Stockholm: Agora , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6. Overud, Johanna
    et al.
    Sätre, Ann-Mari
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Diskussion2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7. Overud, Johanna
    et al.
    Sätre, Ann-Mari
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken2008Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har vid olika tidpunkter lanserats satsningar för att skapa förutsättningar för en mer jämställd arbetsmarknad. Både politik och arbetsmarknad har genomgått betydande förändringar, något som i denna rapport studeras på regional nivå utifrån ett genusperspektiv. Studien placeras i skärningspunkten mellan arbetsmarknadspolitik, jämställdhetspolitik och regionalpolitik. Arbetsmarknadspolitiken har länge varit ett av de starkaste medlen för att uppnå målen med jämställdhetspolitiken. I den här rapporten undersöks den del av arbetsmarknadspolitiken som samverkar med den regionala utvecklingspolitiken och hur den utformas i relation till de jämställdhetspolitiska målen.

    Rapportens huvudsyfte är att utifrån två tidsbilder diskutera möjligheter och problem som är förknippade med den politik som uppmuntrar och stimulerar kvinnor att övergå från hemarbete till lönearbete, respektive från lönearbete till företagande. Genom två nedslag i tiden i Jämtlands län illustreras en förskjutning i den politiska retoriken från lönearbete till företagande som avspeglas i olika arbetsmarknadssatsningar för att öka kvinnors förankring på arbetsmarknaden. Med en maktordning som underordnar kvinnor återkommer ett synsätt som leder till att politiska åtgärder gång på gång utformas utifrån synen på kvinnors arbetskraft som en reserv

  • 8.
    Overud, Johanna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Sätre, Ann-Mari
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Inledning2008In: Från reserv till reserv: Genusaspekter på den regionala arbetsmarknadspolitiken / [ed] Johanna Overud, Ann-Mari Sätre & Arja Tyrkkö, Växjö universitet , 2008, Vol. 2008:3, p. 4-10Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9. Overud, Johanna
    et al.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Consequences of reforming the regional labour market policy in Sweden and Finland: Presentation of a research project2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artikeln presenterar den idémässiga bakgrunden till ett pågående forskningsprojekt om hur den s.k. arbetslinjen upprätthålls i ett lokalt och regionalt perspektiv i Sverige. Ett perspektiv på förhållandena i Sverige utvecklas genom jämförelser med Finland.



    De övergripande frågeställningarna tar sin utgångspunkt i utvecklingen i närings- och arbetslivet under 1960-talet jämfört med utvecklingen under 1990-talet och i början av 2000-talet. Trots att tillväxten idag bedöms att vara gynnsam, präglas arbetsmarknaden av ökande differenser i bägge länderna. Skillnaderna i välfärd ökar mellan regioner och kommuner.



    Omarbeting av den nationella regionalpolitiken och anpassningen av utvecklings­praktikerna till principerna i EU:s regionalpolitik har påverkat de institutionella formerna för regional utveckling i såväl Finland som Sverige. Den svenska och finska regionalpolitikens anpassning till EU har inneburit en omsvängning från uppifrån-och-ner till riktning nedifrån-och-upp, vilket innebär att kommuner, organisationer, det lokala näringslivet samt statliga myndigheter på lokal nivå blir involverade på ett mer genomgripande sätt än tidigare. Den regionala och lokala betoningen i arbetsmarknadspolitiken förutsätter även bl.a. att jämställdhetsarbetet förankras lokalt.



    Att skapa arbetstillfällen är det övergripande målet för både strukturfonds- och tillväxtprogrammen. Under senaste åren har företagandet fått ökad betydelse i arbetsmarknads­politiken ur regionalpolitisk synpunkt. Många nya företag i Sverige och Finland har uppkommit i en miljö som präglats starkt inte bara av en viss marknadssituation utan också av politiska strukturer, t.ex. EU:s strukturfonder, regionalpolitiken, kommunalekonomisk krishantering och en uttunnad social infrastruktur Att bl.a. öka kvinnors företagande har setts som ett sätt att öka sysselsättningen, särskilt på landsbygden.

  • 10. Sätre, Ann-Mari
    et al.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kvinnors företagande: Politiska satsningar och lokala erfarenheter2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11. Sätre, Ann-Mari
    et al.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Om jämställdhetspolitik på regional nivå efter EU-inträdet2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Intersection between Working Life and Parenthood2003Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this article is to investigate the relevance of three organization-based explanations regarding different strategies for combining working life and parenthood. These explanations are: gender segregation, organizational hierarchy and informal rule systems at the workplace. The empirical material comes from a questionnaire survey carried out in Sweden in 1992. The material consists of nine occupational groups, divided into women and men. A qualitative comparative method, developed by Charles C. Ragin, is used to compare organization-based adjustment situations. This method incorporates principles of Boolean algebra, an approach that allows holistic comparison of categories of individuals in similar situations. Empirical analyses show that the limitations and possibilities regarding scope of action for parents at the workplace, identified in the different explanations, are of vital importance for the parents choice of adjustment strategies. However, the adjustments are not solely decided on the basis of organizational conditions. An additional explanation, the distribution between women and men of work and responsibilities at home, is included in the study in order to better explain differences in men's and women's adjustment strategies. This result shows that it is necessary to link the analysis of adjustment between working life and parenthood in both the organizations of the workplace and the family

  • 13.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Anpassning mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv i Sverige och Finland1997In: Dilemmæt arbejdsliv - familieliv i Norden, s. 109-156 / [ed] Jens Bonke, Köpenhamn: Nordisk Ministerråd. TemaNord , 1997, Vol. 1997:534Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Föräldraskapet och arbetets villkor1996Report (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Har villkoren förändrats?: En uppföljningsstudie om kvinnors företagande i Östergötland2005Report (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    I skärningspunkten mellan arbetsliv och föräldraskap: En studie om livsformer i 1990-talets Sverige1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The central problem area of this dissertation concerns the connection between working life and parenthood. The main purpose is to develop an analytical strategy which validity is determined by the extent to which it can consider and cover the complexity of the con-ditions and practices of everyday life for working parents. Starting in an understanding of the concept life-mode as a sensitizing concept, an analytical model is developed and a Boolean approach is used to study the complex interrelation between working life and parenthood. In the dissertation the relationship between working life and parenthood is studied focusing on the work place. Parenthood, organization and gender are three key concepts which direct the analysis of the organizational forms everyday life take on. The empirical material of the dissertation comes from a questionnaire survey carried out in Sweden in 1992. The material consists of nine occupational groups, divided in women and men. A qualitative comparative method, developed by Charles C. Ragin, is used to compare organization-based adjustment situations. The factors of the analytical model are presented in binary form and tested against empirical data. The results are presented as equations that reflect the com-plexity of the interrelations between working life and parenthood through conjunctures of causal conditions, i e leading position, the dominance of one of the sexes at departmental level, children-specific scope of action, general scope of action, and the outcome, i e different adjustment strategies used by parents. The division of the adjustment strategies in three degrees of imposed restrictions on the work situation : everyday actions, smaller restrictions and bigger changes of the work situation : is an attempt to account for the size of the work and family circles.

    (In Swedish with an English summary)

  • 17.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Könsmässig integrering i arbetslivet: Ett begreppsligt perspektiv2005In: På gränsen till genombrott? Om det könsuppdelade arbetslivet s. 66-77 / [ed] Gonäs L, Stockholm: Agora , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Les adjustements entre activité profesionelle et parentalité2002Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Reconsidering gender integration in working life2005In: The Research and Development of Gender Equality in Working Life. Seminar Report, Working Papers, pp. 27-33 / [ed] Sirpa Kolehmainen, Tampere: Work Research Centre, University of Tampere , 2005, Vol. 2005:73Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Samspelet mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv2001In: / [ed] Lena Gonäs, Gerd Lindgren och Carina Bildt, Stockholm: Arbetslivsinstitutet, , 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Arbetslivsinstitutet.
    The Intersection between Working Life and Parenthood: A Literature Review2002In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 107-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims at investigating the research concerning the interplay between working life and parenthood in an effort to sort out what is interesting to discuss and study further. The relationship between working life and parenthood is discussed focusing on the working life. Parenthood puts into focus the extent to which there is a room for adjusting to demands from other life spheres when engaged in paid work. The investigation shows the importance of taking into account the gendered structures and practices in working life when trying to explain individual adjustment strategies. Approaches, which are built upon a holistic research design, have proven to be valuable strategies in analyses of such complex phenomena as the adjustment between working life and family life

  • 22.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Labour Market Attachment, Work and Family Conditions and its effect on Health: Results from a regional study2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    There are many lessons to be learned from the recession in the 1990s. Long-term consequences of being out of employment displayed a gendered pattern. Those who had an unstable labour market attachment during the 1990s also had that in the early years of the 2000s. In this article we analyse the relations between labour market attachment, work and family conditions and health from a gender perspective. The class dimension has become increasingly important when it comes to explaining changes in labour market attachment for the single individual. This is a result that also holds for working conditions, family demands and health outcomes.

    Our analyses are based on a large number of variables. Questionnaire data for 4 965 persons are related to registered income over the years 1990 to1999 by logistic regression analyses. The study has identified several areas at work and outside work that indicate multidimensional subordination.

  • 23.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
    Gender differences in time pressure and health among journalists2015In: Time & Society, ISSN 0961-463X, E-ISSN 1461-7463, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 244-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to examine how different aspects of time pressure are associatedwith health and gender. The study is based on data collected by cross-sectionalquestionnaire from 153 female and 167 male journalists at three editorial officesin Sweden. Spearman correlation coefficients by gender were analysed betweensix different time pressure variables and seven health measures. For womenthree health indicators correlated significantly with time pressure expressed as''short of time for reflection''. For men, health as expressed by four indicatorswas primarily related to ''lack of efficiency''. Severe time pressure correlatedespecially highly with stress but only to an almost negligible degree with neckand shoulder symptoms. Our analysis showed that the relation between timepressure and health differs between women and men and that time pressure canbe interpreted in several different ways.

  • 24.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Journalisternas arbetsvillkor och arbetsbelastning: En studie av tidningsredaktioner2005Book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Karlqvist, Lena
    Tidspress och (o)hälsa i journalistiskt arbete2005In: På gränsen till genombrott? Om det könsuppdelade arbetslivet, s. 163-169 / [ed] Lena Gonäs, Stockholm: Agora , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26. Tyrkkö, Arja
    et al.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Employee or Entrepreneur?1996In: Aspects of Women's entrepreneurship, pp. 202-22 / [ed] Nutek, Stockholm: Nutek , 1996, Vol. Nutek B 1996:10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Westberg, Hanna
    Förskjutning i segregeringsmönster på yrkesnivå: Bearbetning av folk- och bostads¬räkningarna 1970-1990 och arbetsmiljö¬undersökningarna 1989-19952001Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur har yrken förändrats över tid med hänsyn tagen till kön? Kan vi se ökad integrering, ökad segregering eller sker ingen förändring? Kan vi se olika mönster beroende på om det är högkonjunktur, lågkonjunktur eller återhämtning? Detta är frågor som vi ställer oss när vi bearbetar statistik från folk och bostadsräkningarna 1970-1990 och arbetsmiljöstatistik för åren 1989-1995.



    Studien handlar om hur man mäter segregeringens omfattning på arbetsmarknaden som helhet. Fokus ligger på konstruktion och användning av segregeringskategorier.



    Segregeringsmönstren ger kunskap om vilka tendenser som finns inom olika yrken t ex om vissa yrken blir mer uttalat kvinno- eller mansdominerade eller om det sker en utjämning mellan könen inom vissa yrken. Våra resultat visar att det sker både och, inom vissa yrkesgrupper har det skett märkbara inbrytningar av det andra könet, medan inom andra områden har det knappt skett någon förändring

1 - 27 of 27
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