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  • 1.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    SGI.
    Bergman, Ramona
    SGI.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Landslide risk management — A brief overview and example from Sweden of current situation and climate change2013Inngår i: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 3, nr March, s. 44-61Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Landslide risk is a function of the probability of the event and its consequences. Previous research has shown that preventive measures to reduce the risk are preferred over reactive measures but, especially in developing countries, rarely undertaken. A contributing factor is the lack of evidence that preventive measures pay. This study includes a brief overview of landslide risk management in general and an investigation of the present risk management situation in Sweden based on interviews in 11 municipalities complemented with interviews in Norway. The result shows that climate change has become part of the general awareness and started to be taken into account in the municipal spatial planning. Landslide susceptibility maps and databases are useful tools in the complex spatial planning. The results indicate that the application of landslide susceptibility and risk maps as previously applied for preventive measures and spatial planning in the landslide prone area Gota alv river valley have been cost effective. Improved documentation and more active communication among different stakeholders would, however, contribute to more effective landslide management.

  • 2.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute .
    Bergman, Ramona
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute .
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Effekter av samhällets säkerhetsåtgärder (ESS) - en kartering av arbetet idag med fokus på översvämningar, ras och skred2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Bergman, Ramona
    et al.
    SGI.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    SGI.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Effects of Security actions2010Inngår i: Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-7880, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a project funded by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, the effort and work to reduce different kinds of accidents are being evaluated. The project wants to illuminate the links between actions and outcome, so we can learn from today’s performance and in the future select more effective measures and overall deal with accidents more efficiently. The project ESS covers the field of frequent accidents such as sliding accidents at home, in house fires and less common accidents such as chemical and land fill accidents up to even more rare accidents such as natural accidents and hazards. In the ESS project SGI (Swedish geotechnical institute) will evaluate the work and effort concerning various natural hazards limited to landslides, erosion and flooding. The aim is to investigate how municipalities handle, especially prevention, of such natural disasters today.

    The project includes several aspects such as:

    • which are the driving forces for risk analysis in a municipality

    • do one use risk mapping (and what type) in municipal risk analysis

    • which aspects are most important when selecting preventive measures

    • in which way do one learn from past accidents

    • and from previous accidents elsewhere, by for example use existing databases

    • etc

    There are many aspects that play a role in a well-functioning safety promotion work. The overall goal is to examine present work and activities, highlight what is well functioning and identify weak points. The aim is to find out where more resources are needed and give suggestions for a more efficient security work. This includes identification of the most efficient “tools” in use or needed. Such tools can be education, directives, funding, more easily available maps and information regarding previous accidents and preventive measures etc. The project will result in recommendations for more effective ways to deal with landslides, erosion and flooding. Since different kinds of problems can occur depending on level of authority the investigation of the security work will be done with authorities on both regional and local scale. At the moment the investigation process are in progress and preliminary results will be presented.

  • 4.
    Bergman, Ramona
    et al.
    SGI.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    SGI.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Efficiency of preventive actions for landslides and flooding – evaluation of Scandinavian practices 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Preventive actions can be, and are frequently, taken to reduce accidents and their consequences in different ways. The MSB funded research programme "Effects of Society's Security actions" (ESS, 2009-2013) aims to study the relationship between such actions and their effects. The program is divided into three subgroups: Frequent accidents Natural hazards (such as flooding, erosion and landslide) Chemical and landfill accidents The results presented here covers natural hazards with focus on land slides and flooding. The results are based on Swedish/Scandinavian contexts. Natural events such as erosion,flooding and land slides are common, but the number of accidents (events causing severe negative impact) is rare. Therefore, in such analysis there is limited data and other information available which can be used for example in statistical analysis of actions and their effects. Instead, the analysis must be based on other information. Therefore, the analysis may have to include aspects that only can be assessed by scenario and "what-if" analyses. In this project the main method has been interviews with officials in Swedish municipalities and national agencies in Sweden and Norway. The two levels are chosen since policies are taken on national (or international) level, while the key actionsand actors are on the municipal level. The interviews cover experiences and potential scenarios. In all municipalities, one politician and officials working with planning and rescue service have been interviewed. The study covers hazard and risk mapping, follow up of such maps, physical planning and lessons learned from previous events and activities. The final outcome of the research will be a review of what is found to be well functioning, identification of weak points and recommendations for the management of landslides, erosion and flooding. The present results indicate that hazard/risk maps are of great importance, but the knowledge about the maps and how to use them varies depending on who you ask and between municipalities. Most officials in municipalities are aware of climate change (CC) but, due to high uncertainties and since climate induced events such as natural hazards are rare, the issues are often not prioritized. Further, the results indicate that the documentation, communication and the responsibilities among different units is not always clear, having impacts on for example the knowledge transfer to new personnel. Also databases can be useful tools. The project has found that the use of such tools varies between Norway and Sweden. The aim is to identify the reasons for such deviation. The mostly mentioned suggestions of improvement in the prevention process are increased knowledge, user friendly guidance, clear organisational structure and responsibilities and nationally provided ear marked funding for preventive measures.

  • 5.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Analys av samhällsekonomisk kostnad. Skredet vid E6 i småröd, 20062009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents consequences and societal costs that arose in connection with the landslide at Småröd north of Gothenburg on the Swedish west-coast the 20th of December 2006. The landslide caused severe damage to motorway E6, railway and a small stream. The accident brought direct consequences to road-users and the business sector, but also indirect consequences related to diverted travelling.

    Total societal costs are estimated to approximately €52 million. This is roughly 3 times more than the total cost earlier compiled by the MSB in their Swedish natural hazards information system from the usual evaluations and follow-ups performed by involved and responsible authorities. The costs have been registered into the categories state, county council, municipality, business, environment and individuals. The state carries 40% of the costs, mainly due to rebuilding the motorway and expenses of diverted roads. Individuals and the business sector carry 50% of the costs, mainly due to increased travel times.

    Compilations within the report are afflicted with uncertainties, e.g. concerning estimation of working hours at different authorities, evaluation of time spent by individuals and businesses, evaluation of environmental impact and benefits from decreased future needs for road support.

  • 6.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Analysis of digital elevation data for palaeosurfaces in south-western Sweden1999Inngår i: Geomorphology, Vol. 26, s. 279-295Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A 3873 km² large rectangular area of the Precambrian basement in south-western Sweden has been investigated regarding gross morphology of palaeosurfaces. GIS and digital elevation data were used to construct maps of relative relief and absolute relief and E-W trending height profiles. Three different palaeosurfaces were recognised and delimited; the very even sub-Cambrian peneplain in the east at an intermediate altitudinal position, an uplifted and broken part of the sub-Cambrian peneplain in the centre at the highest present elevation, and in the western coastal areas a joint valley landscape with high relative relief, probably an exhumed Mesozoic etch-surface. Phanerozoic faulting has dissected the different palaeosurfaces into tectonic blocks, which are shown from trend surface analysis to be tilted in different directions and to different degrees, characteristic and decisive for the morphological development

  • 7.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Building memory of lessons learning from natural hazards into systems - a Swedish approach2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lessons learning from systematic analyses of past natural disasters is of great importance for future risk reduction and vulnerability management, not least in times of climate change and emerging climate-related risks. Systematic analyses of impact and assessment of past events have commonly been produced in many sectors, but the knowledge is seldom shared outside the own organization. As a response to a government commission in 2005 to meet up with this problem, the Swedish Rescue Services Agency (SRSA) has built and works on a knowledge database. The work is also one activity within the Swedish multi-sectoral national platform for disaster reduction, which was founded in 2007 in line with commitments to the UN/ISDR Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015. This presentation demonstrates the methodology where over 30 organizations gave their view of requirements, design and common weal. A brief view of the database content and arising holistic perspective is also given. The resulting information system gathers accident reports, investigations and in-depth analyses, together with societal additional costs and mappings of consequences from central and local governments, NGO and private actors. Information is compiled by SRSA about hazard cause, pre-event prevention, early warning and preparedness, hazard evolution and response, consequences to human, society and environment and last, in focus, lessons learned. All material is publicly shared. The compilations offer holistic perspectives and thorough analyses of historical natural hazards where LPHC (low probability high consequences) disasters usually comprise most data, since they often are met with surprise and highlights the failure to integrate resilience into normal societal planning. During the last 50 years, several LPHC events in Sweden has functioned as an alarm clock and entailed major changes and improvements in government policies or legislations, safety management systems, risk assessments, response training, stakeholder communication, etc. The gathered material is useful in educational activities and planning of society to foster a holistic approach towards disaster risk reduction and increased coping capacity. Building a knowledge database of historical disasters that have, or have not, contributed in building resilience in society, makes it possible to incorporate lessons learning into the memory of systems instead of leaving it in the memory of people

  • 8.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013).
    Data och lärande efter katastrofer2016Inngår i: Katastrofriskreducering: Perspektiv, praktik, potential / [ed] Susanne Baez Ullberg & Per Becker, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1:1, s. 343-364Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Data sources on small-scale disaster losses and response: A Swedish case study of extreme rainfalls 2000–20122015Inngår i: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 12, s. 93-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Societal interest to evaluate and learn from disasters is scale dependent. Low frequent hazards with small impacts are often invisible at national level from an evaluation point of view and limited possibilities exist to compile publicly available data on losses and management in the aftermath. This study presents an inventory of possible data sources for 14 extreme rainfall events in Sweden 2000-2012. The sources, such as official sectorial institutions and media, and their content are analyzed in relation to reliability and verification opportunities. The use of free-text fields in official reporting systems and questionnaires, primarily designed for basic data capture from daily occurring accidents, is highlighted as important to achieve enhanced data that can be used to verify information from other sources, especially media archives.

  • 10.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013).
    Experience of data collection in support of the assessment of global progress in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030-A Swedish pilot study2017Inngår i: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 24, s. 144-150Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most countries collect loss and damage data after disasters for learning purposes and in support of future preventive work. The lack of international standards and sharing principles implies heterogeneous data sets, thus presenting a challenge to the development of indicators intended to assess progress within the UN agreement Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (SFDRR). In this study, data on mortality, affected people and direct economic losses are extracted from two national databases in Sweden for the years 1996-2015. Pre-SFDRR terminology, definitions and different inclusion criteria are used to exemplify and identify challenges when global "proxy" data inquiry clashes with sub-national demands for data quality. Different test methods on how to estimate affected people are used and in comparison with the term 'directly affected people', as proposed in the SFDRR indicator establishment process, it is concluded that methods for more disaggregated data are needed. In a Swedish context, the SFDRR call for a reference period 2005-2015 is found to be a time too short for providing a fair picture of disaster risks within Sweden's borders. The nationally developed strategy in Sweden, as in many other countries, to learn in-depth after each new disaster and use the experience to remedy weaknesses in safety systems, generates solid data supporting the development of SFDRR indicators, but the national benefits and the relevance of statistics from disasters re-occurring on longer time scales are limited.

  • 11.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Naturen i Västra Götaland - Berggrundsmorfologi2003Inngår i: Sveriges Nationalatlas / [ed] Frizell, B. & Werner, M, Örebro: Kartförlaget, Gävle , 2003Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    The role of tectonics, structures and etch processes for the present relief in glaciated Precambrian besement rocks of SW Sweden2000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In high latitudes, landscapes of low relief are known to contain residues of pre-glacial deep weathering, or etching, which testify to limited modification of the pre-glacial relief by the Pleistocene ice sheets. In this thesis landforms in all scales are classified according to their process of formation. Etched landforms are identified and used as a basis to describe the subsequent glacial reshaping. Large- and medium-scale landform characteristics and patterns of spatial distribution are mapped using digital elevation data on a 50-m grid and air-photos. Medium- and small-scale landforms are studied and documented in field. It is shown that landforms within the glacially scoured Precambrian basement of SW Sweden are closely related to the principal structural pattern of the bedrock. It is concluded that this pattern is more compatible with differential etching than glacial erosion, even if multiple ice flows in different directions are considered. Etched rock basins occur in all levels along the Swedish west coast. Their shape and distribution are clearly adjusted to the joint pattern as shown by their location along joints or joint intersections. The basins coalesce as they grow and start to form a maze-like pattern of topographic depressions separated by more compact upland surfaces. Basin development is identified as an important component of long-term landform evolution and the transformation of a primary upland into a surface of low relief with residual hills. Other forms are directly related to the development of basins. High cliffs occur where master joints form marginal scarps to the basin. Basement areas in between master joints form hills. Deep narrow clefts have developed through etching and in their lower parts small-scale etchforms like corestones, corestone initiations, deeply weathered sheet slabs and thick exfoliation occasionally have been preserved throughout the glaciations.

    Glacial reshaping of the ancient landforms is studied along a profile crossing three different types of palaeorelief, ranging from a pediplain to an etchsurface with relative relief of 20-135 m. It is shown that increased relief promotes enhanced glacial reshaping, but the magnitude of glacial erosion is considerably less than the amplitude of the palaeorelief. The pre-glacially etched relief is decisive for the efficiency of glacial erosion and limited glacial reshaping results when the ice flow crosses this structural relief.

    The thesis emphasises the importance of using a long-term evolutionary approach to glacial landscapes in high latitudes, as well as landform analysis, to separate the sequence of exogenic processes that have formed the landscape.

  • 13.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Att mäta sårbarhet mot naturolyckor: om sårbarhet som begrepp och indikatorer2009Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att mäta sårbarhet mot risker och hot i vårt samhälle lyfts i olika sammanhang fram som allt viktigare för att uppnå en effektivare riskhantering och ett robustare samhälle. I klimat- och sårbarhetsutredningen (SOU 2007:60) slår man fast att risken för naturolyckor ökar på många håll och att det är nödvändigt att påbörja anpassningen så snart som möjligt. I det perspektivet är det nödvändigt att inledningsvis skapa en klar bild över hur sårbarheterna ser ut och var de finns. Rimligen bör man också fundera över vad sårbarhet mot naturolyckor ska omfatta och vilka mätetal som är intressanta att ta fram. Avsikten med den här kunskapsöversikten är att ge en orientering av sårbarhet som begrepp och utifrån det diskutera hur sårbarhetsindikatorer kankonstrueras

  • 14.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Att mäta sårberhet mot olyckor.: Om sårbarhet som begrepp och indikatorer.2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att mäta sårbarhet mot risker och hot i vårt samhälle lyfts i olika sammanhang fram som allt viktigare för att uppnå en effektivare riskhantering och ett robustare samhälle. I klimat- och sårbarhetsutredningen (SOU 2007:60) slår man fast att risken för naturolyckor ökar på många håll och att det är nödvändigt att påbörja anpassningen så snart som möjligt. I det perspektivet är det nödvändigt att inledningsvis skapa en klar bild över hur sårbarheterna ser ut och var de finns. Rimligen bör man också fundera över vad sårbarhet mot naturolyckor ska omfatta och vilka mätetal som är intressanta att ta fram. Avsikten med den här kunskapsöversikten är att ge en orientering av sårbarhet som begrepp och utifrån det diskutera hur sårbarhetsindikatorer kan konstrueras.

  • 15.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Learning lessons from natural disasters - sectorial or holistic perspectives?2009Inngår i: Geophysical research abstracts, Vol 11. Extended abstracts, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lessons learning from systematic analyses of past natural disasters is of great importance for future risk reduction and vulnerability management. It is one crucial piece of a puzzle towards disaster resilient societies, together with e.g. models of future emerging climate-related risks, globalization or demographic changes. Systematic analyses of impact and management of past events have commonly been produced in many sectors, but the knowledge is seldom shared outside the own organization or produced for other actors. To increase the availability of reports and documents, the Swedish Rescue Services Agency has created the Swedish Natural Hazards Information System, in accordance with a government commission from 2005. The system gathers accident reports, investigations and in-depth analyses, together with societal additional costs and mappings of consequences from central and local governments, NGOs and private actors. Evaluation of the collection reveals large differences in quality, systematic approach, depth and extent, clearly consistent with the lack of coherent harmonization of investigation and reporting approaches. Type of hazard, degree of impact and time elapsed since present are decisive for the collectedvolume. LPHC (low probability high consequences) disasters usually comprise most data and analytical activities, since they often are met with surprise and highlight the failure to integrate resilience into normal societal planning. During the last 50 years, several LPHC events in Sweden have functioned as alarm clocks and entailed major changes and improvements in government policies or legislations, safety management systems, risk assessments,response training, stakeholder communication, etc. Such an event occurred in January 2005 when Northern Europe was confronted with one of the most severe storms in modern history. Accidents that caused 24 fatalities occurred (17 in Sweden), several regions in UK and Germany were flooded and extensive areas of storm-felled forests left nearly one million households in Scandinavia without electricity. In Sweden the quantity of storm-felled trees was equivalent to the combined volume felled by other storms during the whole of the 20th century, which caused exceptional damage to forests, roads, railways and electricity and telecommunications networks, including cellphones. Follow-ups and evaluations at local level, as regulated by law, together with government commissions to central authorities and interest from research communities, have resulted in an extensive production of documented lessons learning. Our case study describes their thematic extent, identifies different perspectives in relation to their basis for analyses, emphasizes the complementary need of a holistic perspective and puts the Swedish systematic procedure into an international comparison

  • 16.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Hilldén, A.
    Naturen i Västra Götaland - spår efter inlandsisarna2003Inngår i: Sveriges Nationalatlas / [ed] Frizell, B. & Werner, M, Örebro: Kartförlaget, Gävle , 2003Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Jaldell, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    SGI.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Bergman, Ramona
    SGI.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    How to measure efficiency in risk prevention?2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk assessment methods form corner stones in the striving to reduce risks and threats to human life and society. Proposed actions can be physical or non-physical and adopted or declined after political evaluation, with consideration taken to available resources and estimated effect on risk. To optimize and avoid regrettable actions, decision-makers are in need of well-founded analyses of how efficient different options might be. Analytically, there are several possible steps that can contribute. Firstly, the correlation between a measure and its effect should be based on causality, which often is difficult to establish quantitatively. High frequent accidents (e.g. traffic) can normally be treated statistically , while low frequent accidents with severe consequences (e.g. natural hazards) are more restricted to qualitative descriptions of correlation. Systematic monitoring of injury and damage data and gathering into databases, are a crucial activity for causality valuation. Secondly, economic valuation of effect is an important contribution in a cost-benefit perspective. Thirdly, a measure often brings several different effects and some may fall outside the actual purpose. An additional problem is how to handle effects that exert varied influence on different stakeholders or social groups in society. Fourthly, certain criteria are required for final prioritization. For instance, in analysis of goal fulfillment, effects are compared with politically decided quantified goals. In cases where basic data from steps 1-3 are incomplete, alternative criteria like “acceptable risk” might be necessary to agree about politically. To use similar approaches on how to describe and quantify effect correlations, promote gathered efforts at local level where risk reducing measures are decided upon by different actors and with regard to diverse local conditions. Tests of suitable methods and approaches to measure efficiency of planned or accomplished actions in gain for risk prevention, are described and discussed.

  • 18.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Å.
    Lind, B.
    Naturen i Västra Götaland - Landskap i förändring2003Inngår i: Sveriges nationalatlas / [ed] Frizell, B. & Werner, M, Örebro: Kartförlaget, Gävle , 2003Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Migon, P.
    Olvmo, M
    Development of joint-controlled rock basins in Bohus granite, SW Sweden2001Inngår i: Geomorphology, Vol. 40, s. 145-161Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The granite area of Bohuslän along the Swedish west-coast is characterised by an abundance of rock basins of different sizes. Within a 163 km2 large part of the area over 400 basins occur, ranging in size from less than 0.005 km2 up to almost 2 km2. These basins were measured, described and classified from air-photos according to their length, width, area, altitude, shape, boundaries, openness and relation to joint configuration. The depth of basins was collected from digital elevation data. Their distributions and shapes are clearly associated with the visible jointing patterns, as shown by their location along joints or joint intersections, by joint-guided enlargement and similarity between directions of long axis of basins and principal tectonic lineaments in the Bohus granite. The patterns and characteristics of basins suggest that deep selective weathering had been the primary process involved in the origin and evolution of basins. Later they have been reshaped and possibly stripped of saprolites by glacial processes in the Pleistocene. Dating of deep weathering responsible for basin initiation and origin is difficult, although the complex story of Mesozoic weathering, Late Cretaceous burial and Late Tertiary exhumation is not without support

  • 20.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Norén, Viveca
    Uppsala Universitet & Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Skillnader i lärande efter vardagsolyckor och katastrofer2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Evaluating the range of perspectives on lessons-learning from the 2005 storm in Sweden2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Lessons learning from systematic analyses of past natural disasters is of great importance for future risk reduction and vulnerability management. It is one crucial piece of a puzzle towards disaster resilient societies, together with e.g. models of future emerging climate-related risks, globalization or demographic changes. Systematic analyses of impact and management of past events have commonly been produced in many sectors, but the knowledge is seldom shared outside the own organization or produced for other actors. LPHC (low probability high consequences) disasters usually comprise most analytical activities, since they often are met with surprise and highlight the failure to integrate resilience into normal societal planning. During the last 50 years, several LPHC events in Sweden have functioned as alarm clocks and entailed major changes and improvements in government policies or legislations, safety management systems, risk assessments, response training, stakeholder communication, etc. Such an event occurred in January 2005 when Northern Europe was confronted with one of the most severe storms in modern history. Accidents that caused 24 fatalities occurred (17 in Sweden), several regions in UK and Germany were flooded and extensive areas of storm-felled forests left nearly one million households in Scandinavia without electricity. In Sweden the quantity of storm-felled trees was equivalent to the combined volume felled by other storms during the whole of the 20th century, which caused exceptional damage to forests, roads, railways and electricity and telecommunications networks, including cell-phones. Follow-ups and evaluations at local level, as regulated by law, together with government commissions to central authorities and interest from research communities, have resulted in an extensive production of documented lessons learning. The production of in total 24 reports, 7 scientific articles and 2 economic reports from business associations divides thematically quite equally within coping capacity and exposed and susceptible elements. Most attention allots crisis management and response issues (45 %). Only one attempt is made to present a holistic view of the event and it is not a law bounded initiative. Evaluations from other recent events, e.g. the flood 2000 in Arvika and the landslide at Munkedal 2006, show the same clear focus on crisis management and less or none consideration taken to environmental, social or socioeconomic consequences. It reflects the traditional political financial will to invest in a high level on response capacity on expense of preventive work

  • 22.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Hansson, Max
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för biologi.
    Social learning in education – an important step in practical integration of preventive risk reduction and adaptation to climate change2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The potential of linking the preventive phase of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) with the adaptation in human society to forecasted consequences from climate change, has received growing acceptance internationally, but the integration of both fields is still at an embryonic stage. Integration in this case implies transdisciplinary approaches in complex fields where liabilities and stakeholders normally are found in different sectors and levels in society. For integration to be successful, a first step is to create platforms and contexts where participants may generate raised awareness about each other’s roles and evolve a shared problem identification. Social learning is a concept that has been used in many different contexts where uncertainty and change are crucial and challenging. It has earlier been linked as a suitable approach to issues such as public participation, governance or natural resource management. Here it is used in education, gathering among others stakeholders working within the fields of Flood Risk Management, DRR and Climate Change Adaptation at local or regional level around the two Swedish lakes Vänern and Mälaren. Teaching arrangements and didactic elements are described for the two pilot-courses that were held 2009-2010. The academic institutional arrangements favoured an open exchange and knowledge building, with local examples of management and strategies repeatedly in focus during several study visits in different cities along the shoreline. The elements of social learning facilitated the build-up of shared holistic perspectives, identified areas in need of development or research efforts and contributed to informal as well as formal relationships among participants.

  • 23.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Hansson, Max
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Socialt lärande och studier av praktisk tillämpning: En undervisningsmodell som integrerar utbildning, samverkan och forskning (IntECR)2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Hansson, Max
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för biologi.
    Using education and social learning in capacity building- the IntECR concept2013Inngår i: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 17-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to present a concept where social learning is used in education. Thematically, the concept is suitable for complex, interdisciplinary, societal challenges with a high degree of uncertainty regarding future changes. It is exemplified here by the need to link disaster risk reduction (DRR) with climate change adaptation (CCA) and flood risk management (FRM). The concept answers to the variety of adopted solutions and build-up of knowledge that exist, as a consequence of far-reaching local liabilities and initiatives. The concept advocates building of platforms and procedures where managers, stakeholders, researchers, policy makers, and regular students can meet, interact and learn from local examples.

    Design/methodology/approach – The concept IntECR (integrated education, research and collaboration) has been tested in two courses during 2009 and 2010 around the Swedish lakes Vanern and Malaren. Seminars and field visits were arranged in ten different cities. Participants replied anonymously to a course evaluation and were questioned in groups about their perceived benefit from the concept.

    Findings – Informal networking, holistic perspective, shared problem identification and the positive possibility to study several examples of local management in arrangements with high degree of structural openness, were mentioned by the participants as positive outcome of the concept.

    Originality/value – The use of this educational concept aims to increase the adaptive capacity of societal entities through raised capacity of their individual members. The applied example is timely, relevant and a contribution to DRR and CCA

  • 25.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Olvmo, M
    Development of granite sheet fractures in response to long-term morphotectonic evolution in SW Sweden2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Configuration of granite sheet fractures has been reconstructed for the island Ramsvik (c. 9 km²) at the Swedish west-coast. The reconstruction suggests that the sheeting once formed eight antiformal domes separated by valleys or basin-like depressions connected with a rhombic joint pattern. Today the domes are dissected and eroded into c.70 separate hills. Long-term landform development invol-ves Mesozoic deep weathering with subsequent stripping of saprolite and Quaternary glacial reshap-ing of ancient relief. Same type of sheet structures has developed through both 920 Ma granite and a 50-70 m wide Permian rhomb porphyry dyke, which constrain their oldest possible age. We suggest that this type of large scale sheet structures results from vertical unloading of rocks that formed at depth under high triaxial compression. Thick sequences of coarse clastic sediments in Triassic rift basins westwards indicate that unloading of Palaeozoic cover rocks occurred after uplift and erosion. The unloading released the high N-S crustal compression built up in the granite during the Variscan tectonic regime. Mesozoic differential weathering and stripping exposed the domical relief before renewed burial beneath cover rocks in connection with the Late Cretaceous transgression. It is un-certain when exhumation of the Mesozoic surface started, with a possible second weathering phase, but studies of sediment compaction offshore point at a Neogene uplift in the area

  • 26.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Olvmo, M.
    Lidmar-Bergström, K.
    Inherited landforms and glacial impact of different palaeosurfaces in southwest Sweden2001Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler, 83 A (1-2), Vol. 83 A, s. 67-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Landforms are used as analytical tools to separate inherited features from the glacial impact on Precambrian basement rocks in southwest Sweden. The study covers three different palaeosurfaces, the sub-Cambrian peneplain (relative relief 0-20 m) with the character of a pediplain, an uplifted and dissected part of the sub-Cambrian peneplain (r.r. 5-40 m) and an etchsurface (r.r. 20-135 m), presumably sub-Mesozoic. The surfaces were recently re-exposed, probably due to a Neogene upheaval with some pre-glacial reshaping. Strong structural control and no alignment with glacial erosional directions other than those coinciding with structures, are arguments for etch processes as a most important agent for relief differentiation. This is strengthened by the occurrence of saprolite residues and etchforms in protected positions.

    The glacial reshaping of the sub-Cambrian flat bedrock surfaces is negligible. The glacial impact becomes more evident in the uplifted and dissected parts of the peneplain and within the hilly sub-Mesozoic surface. The higher the initial relief the more effect of glacial erosion on individual hills, both on the abrading side with formation of roches moutonnées and on the plucking side. Detailed etchforms are preserved in protected positions in spite of erosion by a clearly wet-based ice. The magnitude of the Pleistocene glacial erosion is considerably less than the amplitude of the palaeorelief in the entire area.

    Landscapes of areal glacial scouring have been described as comprised of irregular depressions with intervening bosses scraped by ice and labelled knock and lochan topography, but we suggest that an etched bedrock surface is a prerequisite for this type of landscape to develop.

  • 27.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Olvmo, M.
    Söderström, M.
    Application of digital elevation and geological data in studies of morphotectonics and relief - a case study of the sub-Cambrian peneplain in SW Sweden1999Inngår i: Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Vol. 43, s. 505-520Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A 357 km2 wide area in south-western Sweden is examined regarding Tertiary morphotectonics and characteristic relief of the sub-Cambrian peneplain. The relief of the sub-Cambrian peneplain is studied in a geographical information system (GIS) and geostatistical modelling is applied to digital elevation and geological data. Linear trend surface analysis is used for the purpose of describing the morphotectonics of fragmented parts of the sub-Cambrian peneplain. The trend surface analysis requires digital information of outcrops, bedrock type, tectonic pattern and elevation data and it is described in the report how this information can be produced digitally. The analysis reveals that the sub-Cambrian peneplain is separated into fault bounded blocks, which are arranged in a stepwise manner with blocks leaning towards NNW, with an inclination in the range of 0.2-0.4 %.



    Spatial interpolation techniques, distance-weighted moving averages and triangulation, are used on regolith thickness data from wells, to describe the relief of the Precambrian bedrock surface below the Quaternary loose deposits in the immediate contact with Cambro-Silurian cover rocks. The resulting patterns from the interpolations of the Quaternary regolith thickness unveil a varied relief, different from the extremely flat Precambrian surface usually described near Cambro-Silurian cover rocks in southern Sweden.

  • 28. Migon, P.
    et al.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Lithological and structural influence on the development of basin-and-hill landscape within basement complex in SW Sweden2004Inngår i: Zeitschrift Fur Geomorphologie N. F, Vol. 48:03, s. 305-322Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on structural and lithological controls exerted on landscape development in the basement terrain along the NW coast of Sweden, reflected in morphometric characteristics of medium-size rock-cut basins derived from air photos analysis. In this area fracture patterns have been critical for landform development and the majority of basins has developed along fractures, or at their intersections, or are bounded by fractures. No significant quantitative differences exist between granite and gneiss bedrock, evidently because fracture patterns disregard lithological boundaries. Likewise, intra-lithological variability is best attributed to different patterns of fracturing in each test area. Reasons for the prominence of fracture control probably are sought in morphotectonic setting and limited time span for etching. Despite multiple glaciations, effects of glacial processes are minor at this scale of inquiry

  • 29.
    Mobjörk, Malin
    et al.
    SIPRI.
    Berglund, Camilla
    Örebro universitet.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013).
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013). Uppsala universitet; Försvarshögskolan.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för forskning om regional utveckling (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Moen, Jon
    Umeå universitet.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013). Uppsala universitet; Försvarshögskolan.
    Evers, Mariele
    University of Bonn, Germany.
    Facilitating Doctoral Education in Cross-disciplinary Milieus: Experiences from PhD-candidates2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Cross-disciplinarity shapes much research today and many PhD candidates areengaged in this research. The doctoral education is a formative phase in a scientist’sintellectual development. Despite a large body of research about cross-disciplinarity,less attention has focused on how cross-disciplinarity shapes doctoral education.This report explores the organisation of doctoral education in four cross-disciplinaryresearch milieus and the experiences of 14 PhD candidates enrolled in these milieus.One key finding is that PhD candidates are more comfortable when their educationhas involved meta-communication about conceptual approaches and experiencesof conducting cross-disciplinary research. This calls for research milieus’ providingdoctoral education in cross-disciplinary settings to take a deliberative approach.This will both benefit the PhD candidates and the research milieus, and is centralin the socialisation process of the next cadre of researchers and for the future ofcross-disciplinary research.

  • 30.
    Nyberg, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för geografi och turism. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Influence of flood risk management measures on socio-economic and ecological vulnerabilities in a large water system - A case study of Lake Vänern and the Göta älv River, Sweden2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Nyberg, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för geografi och turism. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Learning lessons from natural disasters sectorial or holistic perspectives?2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Nyberg, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för geografi och turism. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Sustainability aspects of flood risk management - A case study of Lake Vänern and the Göta älv River, Sweden2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Nyberg, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Andersson-Skold, Yvonne
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Sustainability Aspects of Flood Risk Management: Interrelations and Challenges2010Inngår i: SELECTED PAPERS FROM IDRC ON RISK REDUCTION AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT, HARBIN INST TECHNOLOGY, P R CHINA , 2010, Vol. 1, s. 101-107Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aspects of sustainable development are crucial for Flood Risk Management (FRM). These aspects are relevant for the flood risk analysis, risk evaluation and risk-reduction. Two case studies are used to identify potential conflicts between different values: Lake Vanern and Gota alv River in Sweden and Elbe River in Germany. In both cases there are diverging interests of how to manage the systems, e.g. how to regulate water levels and use floodplains. The conclusion is that the relevant sustainability aspects must be identified, addressed and valued in the risk management process, especially for different risk-reducing measure options.

  • 34.
    Nyberg, Rolf
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Indicators of road network vulnerability to storm-felled trees2013Inngår i: Natural Hazards, ISSN 0921-030X, E-ISSN 1573-0840, Vol. 69, nr 1, s. 185-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we exemplify the use of simple indicators of wind storm vulnerability of the road network that can be derived from existing geographic datasets. We point out the possible utilization of the datasets, applying GIS techniques, for highlighting road sections that, due to adjacency of high forest stands, are sensitive to closure by stormfelled trees. Indicators reflecting the reduced access to different areas or to the population in need of emergency aid can be derived based on the parameter tree height along roads and road network analysis. As a case in this study, the methodology is applied to elderly people (?80 years) with possible need of daily care at home following a severe storm. A comparison to the extreme 2005 storm felling in southern Sweden reveals that only limited estimates of road network disruption due to storm-felled trees are possible using the indicators, as other factors, for example, wind direction, which determine the exact impact of a particular storm are not taken into account. However, the indicators and network analysis also provide a possibility to draw attention to locations where disruptions of the road network would have significant effects on the accessibility to large surrounding areas. Potential critical road closures can be identified and preventive measures considered locally at these points.

  • 35. Olvmo, M.
    et al.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    The significance of rock structure, lithology and pre-glacial relief for the shape of intermediate-scale glacial erosional landforms2002Inngår i: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 27, s. 251-268Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The main landforms within the glacially scoured Precambrian rocks of the Swedish west coast are closely connected to the principal structural pattern and have lately been explained as mainly a result of etch processes, probably during the Mesozoic and with a possible second period of etching during the Neogene. To explore the effect of multiple glacial erosion on the rock surfaces, an island with two different lithologies and with striae from different direction was selected for a detailed study, focusing on the shape of roches moutonnées. Air-photo interpretation of bedrock lineaments and roches moutonnées combined with detailed field mapping and striae measurements are used to interpret the structural and lithological control on the resulting shape. The study reveals a significant difference in shape between roche moutonnées in augen-granite and orthogneiss. Low elongated and streamlined roche moutonnées occur in the gneiss area, striated by a Late Weichselian ice flow from the NE. This ice flow is sub-parallel with both the local dominant trend of topographically well expressed joints and the schistosity of the gneiss. Frequently there are no signs of quarrying on the lee-sides of the gneiss roches moutonnées and hence they are resembling the shape of whalebacks, as typically are associated with the exposed basal weathering surface found in tropical areas. The granite roche moutonnées are formed by an older ice flow from ESE, which closely followed the etched WNW-ESE joint system of the granite. The Late Weichselian ice flow from NE caused only minor changes of the landforms. On the contrary, marks of this early ESE ice flow is poorly preserved in the gneiss area, where it probably never had any large effect as the flow was perpendicular to both schistosity and structures, and accordingly also to the pre-glacial relief. The study demonstrates that coincidence between ice flow direction and pre-glacially etched structures are most determining for the effects of glacial erosion

  • 36.
    Persson, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Den upplevda nyttan av den norska skreddatabasen Skrednett: Intervjuer med brukare2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing demand for more compatible and complete information to support evidence based risk management at the international level. At the moment, development in this direction occurs more successfully at the national level. In Europe, StorMe (Switzerland), AVI (Italy), the Swedish Natural Hazards Information System (Sweden), NSMES (Romania) and Skrednett (Norway) are good examples of natural hazard information systems where data on past events, frequency of events, hazard mapping of retrospective and potential endangered areas, multi-risk assessments, risk maps, etc., are compiled in user-friendly web solutions. The creation of integrated systems aim towards increased effectiveness in societal contingency planning at regional or local levels. Weather this goal is attained or not in society, or if the system is cost effective, is more or less impossible to measure quantitatively for free internet systems due to system owners lack of control on how their data is used. Qualitative measures from interviews with known end users can serve as indicators of success or failure. In this study, interviews were conducted with 11 recurrent users of the Norwegian database “Skrednett” (www.skrednett.no). Their answers show consensus around the database significance for societal needs in general, but also around a call for more compatible data to be used in other external map tools, or a development towards a more integrated, standalone, risk tool.

  • 37.
    Rydstedt Nyman, Monika
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.
    Merits of using a socio-technical system perspective and different industrial accident investigation methods on accidents following natural hazards: A case study on pluvial flooding of a Swedish railway tunnel 20132015Inngår i: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 13, s. 189-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    Rydstedt Nyman, Monika
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013). CNDS, Uppsala; Uppsala Universitet; Swedish Def Univ Stockholm.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013). CNDS, Uppsala; Uppsala Universitet; Swedish Def Univ Stockholm.
    Liljegren, Eva
    CNDS, Uppsala; Uppsala Universitet; Swedish Def Univ Stockholm.
    Systematic Knowledge Sharing in a Natural Hazard Damage Context: How Organizational Borders Limit Lessons Learned2017Inngår i: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 356-380Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to increase knowledge about systematic lessons learning in a public-private partnership. Empirically, it focuses on road maintenance in Sweden where the Swedish Transport Administration (STA) is responsible for the state-owned infrastructure and tendered contractors carry out all maintenance. The tendering process stipulates that the stakeholders should enable learning and the knowledge transfer that is, by necessity, required for preventive purposes. Semi-structured interviews with project leaders from the STA and respondents from two tendering contractors of maintenance were used to investigate attitudes to and the understanding of sharing experiences and knowledge about damage caused by weather extremes and the relevance of climate change adaptation in their field. The analysis suggests that most of the respondents' experiences stay within their own organization, which creates parallel feedback loops, rather than becomes shared knowledge that could be used as lessons learned enhancing preventive work against future damage and loss. The analysis indicates imbalance in feedback of knowledge concerning weather extremes and their effects.

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