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  • 1. Karlsson, Hanna
    Armeringsfibrer i en- och tvåskiktsark2007Inngår i: Nordisk Papper och Massa, ISSN 1652-9995, nr 1, s. 66-67Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Strength Properties of Paper produced from Softwood Kraft Pulp: Pulp Mixture, Reinforcement and Sheet Stratification2010Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    For paper producers, an understanding of the development of strength properties in the paper is of uttermost importance. Strong papers are important operators both in the traditional paper industry as well as in new fields of application, such as fibre-based packaging, furniture and light-weight building material. In the work reported in this thesis, three approaches to increasing paper strength were addressed: mixing different pulps, multilayering and reinforcement with man-made fibres. In specific:

    The effects of mixing Swedish softwood kraft pulp with southern pine or with abaca (Musa Textilis) were investigated. Handsheets of a softwood kraft pulp with the addition of abaca fibres were made in a conventional sheet former. It was seen that the addition of abaca fibres increased the tearing resistance, fracture toughness, folding endurance and air permeance. Tensile strength, tensile stiffness and tensile energy absorption, however, decreased somewhat. Still it was possible to add up to about 60% abaca without any great loss in tensile strength. As an example, with the addition of 30% abaca, the tear index was increased by 36%, while the tensile index was decreased by 8%.

    To study the effect of stratification, a handsheet former for the production of stratified sheets, the LB Multilayer Handsheet Former was evaluated. The advantage of this sheet former is that it forms a stratified sheet at low consistency giving a good ply bond. It was shown to produce sheets with good formation and the uniformity, evaluated as the variation of paper properties, is retained at a fairly constant level when the number of layers in the stratified sheets is increased. The uniformity of the sheets produced in the LB Multilayer Handsheet Former is generally at the same level as of those produced in conventional sheet formers.

    The effects of placing southern pine and abaca in separate layers, rather than mixing them homogeneously with softwood pulp were studied. Homogeneous and stratified sheets composed of softwood and southern pine or softwood and abaca were produced in the LB Multilayer Handsheet Former. It was found that by stratifying a sheet, so that a pulp with a high tear index and a pulp with a high tensile index are placed in separate layers, it was possible to increase the tear index by approximately 25%, while the tensile index was decreased by 10-20%. Further, by mixing a pulp with less conformable fibres and no fines with a pulp with more flexible fibres and fines, a synergy in tensile strength (greater strength than that predicted by linear mass fraction additivity) was obtained.

    The effects of stratifying sheets composed of softwood and abaca were compared to the effects of refining the softwood pulp. Homogeneous and stratified sheets composed of softwood with three different dewatering resistances and abaca were also produced in the LB Multilayer Handsheet Former. It was found that by stratifying the sheets the tear index was retained while the tensile index was increased by the refining.

    The effects of reinforcing softwood pulp of different dewatering resistances with man-made fibres with low bonding ability were also investigated. Man-made fibres (i.e. regenerated cellulose, polyester and glass fibres) were added in the amounts 1, 3, or 5 wt% to softwood pulp of three different dewatering resistances. It was found that with refining of a softwood pulp and subsequent addition of long fibres with low bonding ability the tensile-tear relationship can be shifted towards higher strength values. The bonding ability of the man-made fibres was evaluated by pull-out tests and the results indicated that, in relation to the fibre strength, regenerated cellulose (lyocell) was most firmly attached to the softwood network while the glass fibres were most loosely attached.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013), Paper Surface Centre.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Abaca as a reinforcement fibre for softwood pulp2007Inngår i: TAPPI Journal, ISSN 0734-1415, Vol. 6, nr 10, s. 25-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för energi-, miljö- och byggteknik.
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Handsheet former for the production of stratified sheets2009Inngår i: Appita journal, ISSN 1038-6807, Vol. 62, nr 4, s. 272-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5. Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Paper Surface Centre.
    Comparison of strength properties in stratified and mixed paper2008Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Research has been undertaken with the aim of displacing the tensile-tear relationship towards higher strength values. Three commercial pulps were refined in an Escher-Wyss conical refiner. A softwood sulphate pulp was refined to three different levels of dewatering resistance, while a southern pine pulp and an abaca pulp were refined separately to a dewatering resistance of 17SR. The amount of fines in these two pulps was reduced by fractionation on a bow screen. Two-layer laboratory sheet were produced in a multilayer handsheet former and compared with single-layer sheets made from an homogeneous mixture of the two pulps, either softwood plus southern pine or softwood plus abaca. Analysis revealed that when increasing the degree of refining for the softwood pulp, the tensile index for the stratified sheets was increased and reached a constant level at 27.5 SR. For the mixed sheets, the tensile index increased further with increased refining. While the tear index remained at a fairly constant level for the stratified sheets, it decreased for the mixed sheets with increased degree of refining. No effect of the stratification was observed for the sheets consisting of softwood and southern pine. It has been shown that by placing a reinforcement pulp of considerably higher tearing resistance potential than the bulk pulp in a separate layer instead of homogeneously mixing the pulps, the tensile index of the sheet can be increased by increased refining of the bulk pulp with maintained tear index

  • 6.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Paper strength evaluation both in homogeneous and in stratified sheets with selected fibresManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Paper strength of both stratified and homogeneous sheets with selected fibres: Part II: Effect of refining.2010Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect on the tensile strength and tearing resistance of refining one of the pulps in mixed and stratified sheets composed of two pulps was examined. The aim was to see whether the stratification has a positive effect on the tensile-tear relationship, or whether the same effect can be reached by adjusting the degree of refining of the pulps. Moderately refined, fractionated abaca (Musa textilis) pulp with a high tearing resistance potential was added to a Swedish softwood sulfate pulp. The softwood pulp was refined to three different dewatering resistances. It was shown that by stratifying the sheets consisting of 50wt% abaca and 50wt% softwood, the tensile index can be increased by refining the softwood pulp while the tearing resistance is retained. The effect of stratification on the tensile-tear relationship thus differs from the effect of refining. However, for sheets composed of 17wt% abaca and 83wt% softwood, no effect of the stratification was observed. The effect of stratification with different amounts of abaca was also examined. In general, the tensile and tear indices of mixed as well as stratified sheets were close to the results predicted by linear mass fraction additivity. However the stratified sheets showed a slightly lower tensile index than predicted and the mixed sheets a slightly higher tensile index.

  • 8.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Paper strength of both stratified and homogeneous sheets with selected fibres: Part I: Effect of fibre properties.2010Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect on paper strength of placing different types of fibres in separate layers instead of homogeneously mixing the fibres was examined. The aim was to displace the tensile‑tear relationship towards higher strength values. Two‑layer laboratory sheets were made in a multilayer handsheet former and compared to single‑layer sheets made from a homogeneous mixture of the two pulps. Fibres with high coarseness (southern pine) and fibres with a high fibre length (abaca, Musa textilis) were added to a Swedish softwood sulfate pulp. Placing the different fibres in separate layers was shown to give a higher tearing resistance but a lower tensile strength than mixing the fibres. The sheets containing southern pine showed results as expected, based on linear mass fraction additivity and the differences in density between the sheets, whereas the sheets containing abaca indicated a synergism for tensile strength in the mixed sheets. The results are discussed with respect to differences in load distribution in the sheets during the tensile and tear tests. It is suggested that the high tear index of the stratified sheets is because the degree of bonding is at a low level in the southern pine and abaca layers, while the high tensile index of the stratified sheets is a result of an increased activation of the additive fibres in the network together with the more flexible softwood fibres. Fibre length seems to be more important than fibre coarseness for achieving a positive effect on paper strength of stratification.

  • 9.
    Karlsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Stolpe, Lennart
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap.
    Beghello, Luciano
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemiteknik.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för energi-, miljö- och byggteknik.
    The effect on paper strength of man-made fibres added to a softwood kraft pulpManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
1 - 9 of 9
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