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  • 1.
    Gonäs, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Rosenberg, Kerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Mc Ewen, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Att riva murar - samspel mellan utbildning och arbetsliv: En rapport från JämVäxt-projektet vid Karlstads universitet2009Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Arbete som medicin2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Den raka och den krokiga vägen: om genus, ingenjörer och teknikkarriärer2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    The purpose of this doctoral thesis is to shed light on, explain, and problematize women’s and men’s paths both to and within the profession of engineer. Computer and mechanical engineers are in focus and the overarching issues that this thesis attempts to answer are: How can women’s and men’s paths to the profession of engineer be explained and what has governed/motivated their choice of education? How do women’s and men’s career patterns look in professional life, and how can these patterns be explained?

     

    This study is based on a social-constructivistic approach, entailing a focus on how choices of education and profession have been negotiated through social and cultural practices, norms, and values. The thesis combines work science research with research into the gender and technology fields. In particular, the relationships between gender, technology, and labour market gender segregation are of key importance in this thesis. The four part studies of the thesis are based on three qualitative studies and on one quantitative study. The qualitative studies consist of interview surveys with a total of 24 computer and mechanical engineers and 22 IT consultants. The quantitative survey is an exhaustive survey of 3,662 working IT engineers.

     

    My studies show that the career patterns of women and men in the profession of engineer differ. Men’s paths both to and within the profession tend to be “straight” while women’s are often “winding”. The thesis shows that historically established, often stereotypical, conceptions of gender contribute towards recreating these different paths for women and men. At the same time, tendencies towards change are indicated. This is made visible through a gradually changing view of both father- and parenthood, which in and of itself is creating new prerequisites for women and men in working life. In concluding, the thesis proposes a new term, technology career, as an analytical tool for continued studies of gender segregation in technology and engineering professions. The aim in using this term is to capture the social complexity and cultural dynamic as regards how technology and gender are co-produced.

  • 4.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Den raka och den krokiga vägen till ingenjörsyrket: Om rationella kvinnor och passionerade män2012In: Segregationens seghet och dess föränderliga former: en vänbok till Lena Gonäs / [ed] Bergman Ann, Huzell Henrietta, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 25, p. 141-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande kapitel diskuterar kvinnors och mäns väg fram till ingenjörsyrket samt på vilket sätt de motiverar sina yrkesval. Inom ingenjörsvetenskaperna har kvinnligt och manligt sorterats via dualismerna rationell och irrationell. I historiska studier har ingenjörer beskrivits som behärskade och rationella män.

              Studiens syfte är att påvisa hur vardagliga uttryck för rationalitet och irrationalitet visar sig könade på ett oväntat sätt. Genom att lyfta fram individer och berättelser som avviker från det förväntat rationella/irrationella problematiseras kvinnors och mäns yrkesval och deras väg in i ingenjörsprofessionen. 

              Det empiriska underlaget utgörs av livsberättelser från 46 manliga och kvinnliga ingenjörer. Det är 24 intervjuer från data- och maskiningenjörsutbildningarna vid Karlstads universitet samt 22 intervjuer med ingenjörer i ett större svenskt IT-konsultföretag.

              Denna studie visar att männens väg till ingenjörsyrket, i motsats till kvinnornas, har varit rak. Männens yrkesval har upplevts som ”naturligt” och självklart grundat i ett stort och passionerat teknikintresse sedan barnsben, medan kvinnornas betydligt längre och krokigare väg till ingenjörsyrket är motiverat av karriärmässiga och individuella rationella strategier. Studiens konklusion är att passionerade män och rationella kvinnor utgör oväntade och motstridiga vardagliga uttryck och strider mot den traditionella bilden av ingenjörer.

             

     

  • 5.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Den raka och den krokiga vägen till ingenjörsyrket: Om rationella kvinnor och passionerade män2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande paper diskuterar kvinnors och mäns väg fram till ingenjörsyrket samt på vilket sätt de motiverar sina yrkesval. Inom ingenjörsvetenskaperna har kvinnligt och manligt sorterats via dualismerna rationell och irrationell. I historiska studier har ingenjörer beskrivits som behärskade och rationella män.

              Studiens syfte är att påvisa hur vardagliga uttryck för rationalitet och irrationalitet visar sig könade på ett oväntat sätt. Genom att lyfta fram individer och berättelser som avviker från det förväntat rationella/irrationella problematiseras kvinnors och mäns yrkesval och deras väg in i ingenjörsprofessionen. 

              Det empiriska underlaget utgörs av livsberättelser från 46 manliga och kvinnliga ingenjörer. Det är 24 intervjuer från data- och maskiningenjörsutbildningarna vid Karlstads universitet samt 22 intervjuer med ingenjörer i ett större svenskt IT-konsultföretag.

              Denna studie visar att männens väg till ingenjörsyrket, i motsats till kvinnornas, har varit rak. Männens yrkesval har upplevts som ”naturligt” och självklart grundat i ett stort och passionerat teknikintresse sedan barnsben, medan kvinnornas betydligt längre och krokigare väg till ingenjörsyrket är motiverat av karriärmässiga och individuella rationella strategier. Studiens konklusion är att passionerade män och rationella kvinnor utgör oväntade och motstridiga vardagliga uttryck och strider mot den traditionella bilden av ingenjörer.

             

     

  • 6.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Passionate men and rational Women: Gender contradictions in engineering2014In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 97-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dualism of rational/irrational and its relationship with masculinity and femininity has for a long time functioned as a process of including men in and excluding women from the fields of technology and engineering. This article highlights individuals, life stories, and everyday practices that deviate from this stereotypical division in order to pave the way for more diversified perceptions of the gender practices performed in engineering, specifically in relation to the place that technology has when women and men choose a career in engineering. Contradictory examples may thus serve to undermine the processes and the generalization perpetuating the stereotypical and prevalent perceptions of women and men and serve to challenge essential assumptions of gender and technology. The findings show that there are significant differences between the gender stereotypes of the engineer and engineers in reality, and that the ideology of rational men and irrational women in engineering is mistaken. This underlines the fact that neither gender nor technology is a constant or a given, but that it should continuously be reinterpreted. The empirical data consists of the life stories of 46 computer and mechanical engineers, 26 of whom are women and 20 men.

  • 7.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karolinska Institutet.
    Career patterns for IT engineering graduates2013In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 519-535Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Women constitute a clear minority in the field of information and communications technology (ICT) in higher education as well as in the job market. At the same time, this field is expected to have a shortage of qualified people in the future. Do women and men engineering graduates have the same career opportunities? This article problematizes the relationship between higher education in engineering and opportunities on the job market. The results show that men reach higher positions to a greater extent than women, and that women remain in low-qualification jobs to a greater extent than men.

  • 8.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Rosenberg, Kerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    Breaking Gender Stereotypes? The Role of Higher Technical Education and the Labour Market2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Rosenberg, Kerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    Breaking the Gender Stereotypes?: The role of higher education2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    MacKenzie, Robert
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). University of Leeds.
    Gender, availability and dual emancipation in the Swedish ICT sector2017In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 230-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Set in the context of the Swedish state’s agenda of dual emancipation for women and men, the article shows how a global ICT consultancy company’s formal gender equality goal is undermined by competing demands. Employing the concept of availability, in preference to work–life balance, the research found women opted out of roles requiring high degrees of spatial and temporal availability for work, in favour of roles more easily combined with family responsibilities. Such choices led to poor career development, plus the loss of technological expertise and confidence.These outcomes were at odds with the company’s gender equality aims, as well as government objectives to make it easier for women and men to combine work and family, and increase the number of women within ICT.

  • 11.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Almasri, Abdullah
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rosenberg, Kerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    IT-ingenjörers etablering på arbetsmarknaden2012In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 13-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor utgör en klar minoritet inom området informations- och kommunikationsteknologi, både inom den högre utbildningen och på arbetsmarknaden. Artikeln problematiserar relationen mellan den högre tekniska utbildningen och positioner på arbetsmarknaden. Får kvinnor och män samma utbyte av sin ingenjörsexamen i arbetslivet? Resultaten visar att män i större utsträckning än kvinnor når högre positioner. Vidare ser vi att kvinnor stannar i lågkvalificerade jobb i högre utsträckning än män.

  • 12.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Jansson, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    "The Winner takes it all": Gendered Exclusion Processes in Engineering and Natural Sciences - a Swedish Case2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Jordansson, Birgitta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    gonäs, lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Gender and the Division of Labour in a Swedish Context2012In: Gender and Change:: Power, Politics and Everyday Practices / [ed] Jansdotter Samuelsson, Maria, Krekula, Clary & Åberg, Magnus, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, p. 75-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Revisiting Engineering, Masculinity and Technology Studies: Old Structures with New Openings2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Holth, Line
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Revisiting Engineering, Masculinity and Technology Studies: Old Structures with New Openings2011In: International Journal of Gender, Science, and Technology, ISSN 2040-0748, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 313-329Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we draw broadly on two different research traditions, Gender and Technology Studies (GTS) and studies of gender equality policies in the welfare state, to explain gendered change and stability in the engineering work force in Sweden. Our results draw on a series of qualitative investigations of the engineering workforce over a period of twenty years, and verify change as well as stability. In particular, we locate change in relation to new parenting and fathering discourses. We argue that these discursive changes have profound consequences for work-life balance, and career and life preferences for a new generation of men in the engineering workforce. By revisiting some of the formative assumptions of GTS in regard to the conceptual triad of engineering, masculinity and technology, we also identify the slowness of change in the strong material and symbolic relationship between technology and masculinity.

  • 16.
    Jordansson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    gonäs, lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Genusarbetsdelning: Exploatering av kvinnors arbetskraft 2011In: Arbete: Passion och exploatering / [ed] Bergqvist Tuula, Gillberg Gunnar, Ivarsson, Lars, Växsjö: Arbetsliv i omvandling , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
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