Endre søk
Begrens søket
1234567 1 - 50 of 2259
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • apa.csl
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Aadalen, Sandra
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Anpassning och differentiering av undervisning i ett klassrum för alla: Strategier för anpassning av undervisning i teori och praktik och dess effekter på elevers delaktighet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 poäng / 60 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka om och hur undervisning är anpassad eller differentierad baserat på antagandet att elever är varierade och lär på olika sätt samt hur lärares praktik förhåller sig till samtida forskning på området. Uppsatsen undersöker vidare huruvida specifika anpassningar relaterar till ökad delaktighet hos elever.

    Metoden för uppsatsen är en observationsstudie med fenomenologisk ansats. Den innefattar 30 olika lärare under 30 lektioner på en gymnasieskola i Sverige, där majoriteten av eleverna har en diagnos inom neuropsykiatriska spektrumet. Materialet bearbetades kvantitativt i SPSS

    Studien visar att sambandet mellan olika anpassningar och dess koppling mot delaktighet är komplext och påverkas av ett antal olika faktorer och förutsättningar. Det framgår att lärare i högre grad använder sig av vissa anpassningsformer och att andra förekommer mer sällan. Vanligt förekommande är beröm, att erbjuda alternativ för perception, aktivera förkunskaper tydliggörande av begrepp och tydliggöra centrala begrepp. Mindre förekommande faktorer var differentiering av uppgifter, synlig struktur, formativ bedömning, kamratlärande, elevinflytande och självvärdering.

    Uppsatsen kommer vidare att utgöra en grund för kollegialt lärande på skolan då fördjupad kunskap om hur lärare kan anpassa och differentiera undervisningen påverkar elevers lärande.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Aadalen, Sandra
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Arbetslagsledarens uppdrag - distribuerat ledarskap i gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur arbetslagsledarrollen är utformad genom intervjuer och uppdragsbeskrivningar på de kommunala gymnasieskolorna i en svensk storstadskommun. Studien utgår från ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv och kritisk teori genom Foucault, i form av maktanalys. Maktanalysen bidrar till att belysa samtida praktiker och tekniker ur ett historiskt perspektiv utifrån frågeställningar som på olika sätt berör maktens bas och logiker.

    Arbetslagsledarens roll framstår i uppdragsbeskrivningar som mångfacetterad, omfattande och splittrad med diverse administrativa uppgifter samt ansvar för utvecklingsprocesser och utvärdering. Formuleringar om att utveckling ska initieras av arbetslagsledaren och beslut från skolledning också implementeras förekommer, vilka kan härledas till olika teoribildningar. Arbetslagsledare själva beskriver ett komplext uppdrag där en stor del av tiden läggs på uppgifter som är mindre framträdande eller inte alls framgår i uppdragsbeskrivningarna. En betoning ligger på att agera budbärare, eftersöka information och sköta administrativa åtaganden.

    Sammanfattningsvis tycks en helhet saknas i uppdragen och praktiken skilja sig från utformningen i uppdragsbeskrivningarna. Arbetslagsledaren framstår som en länk mellan skolledning, elevhälsa och lärare där de bidrar till kontinuitet och stabilitet i en skola där omsättning på rektorer tycks mer frekvent. En ny komplex organisation med flera olika delegerade ledningsuppdrag och funktioner ställer höga krav på samordning. Framtida studier kan med fördel belysa hur samverkan och samarbete mellan distribuerade ledningsfunktioner kan fungera i en komplex organisation, där förutsättningar ständigt förändras.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Blom, Thomas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Benchlearning as professional development of school leaders in Norway and Sweden2018Inngår i: Professional Development in Education, ISSN 1941-5257, E-ISSN 1941-5265, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 62-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate a new national collaborative Benchlearning program for principals in Norway and Sweden. Four process leaders have been running the program. The aim is to give the participants the knowledge to develop a leadership practice and school environment that are more innovative. The program includes theoretical inputs, sharing experiences, school visits, training, and trialing of new leadership practices. Drawing on data from surveys, participants’ reflections, and the leaders’ descriptions of new leadership practice, we examine and identify successful and critical aspects of the learning process. The findings show that principals’ motivation and willingness to start change processes can be created in a synergy between structured school visits, work in learning groups, and a theoretical foundation. Working in groups across schools in two countries seems to enhance principals’ sense of efficacy, which in turn is shown to have a positive effect on their willingness to trial new practices. Two implications of the study are suggested. First, in the design of principal programs, systematic and critical reflection about authentic practice should be the basis. Second, educators should be trained to be process leaders who can support principals’ learning during a critical and social construction of a new practice.

  • 4.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    A post-colonial perspective on African education systems2020Inngår i: African Journal of Education and Practice, E-ISSN 2519-0296, Vol. 6, nr 5, s. 40-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss about precolonial and colonial education and the development of the education systems in the postcolonial Africa. The paper will deal with the questions whether there were any education systems in precolonial Africa and motives for introducing the colonial education systems. Further the relation of the colonial education systems with the needs of the local society, the postcolonial education systems and their future will be analysed. 

    Methodology: Postcolonial perspective is a theoretical frame for the study. A desk-research was conducted to identify and select the relevant literature. Content analysis was used as a method to understand, analyse and interpret the literature. 

    Findings: The results of the literature review show that there were socialization mechanisms before colonialism in African societies. Education introduced in its modern form by missionaries was supposed to serve mainly religious purposes and to train low level functionaries by colonial states. Instead of focusing on local realities education was used to teach the glories of the colonial countries, spread their language and culture as well as introduce a new way of life by condemning all that was native. After independence the inherited colonial education systems continued isolating the masses who had no access to the colonial languages. 

    Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: Findings of this study shows some limitations in African education systems. It is necessary that education policy makers and other concerned stakeholders´ to increase the use of local languages to reach the society at large, to focus on contents relevant to their contexts, to provide both theoretical and skill-based education useful for development of society and to aim towards educating productive, conscious, critical and democratic citizens.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    African Education Systems
  • 5.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?2012Inngår i: Karlstads Pedagogiska Tidskrift, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 121-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?
  • 6.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Book review: Education, Social Progress, and Marginalized Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Historical Antecedents and Contemporary Challenges2018Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Book Review
  • 7.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Democratic Values in the Comprehensive Schools Curricula of the Nordic Countries.2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic values in the comprehensive schools curricula of the Nordic countries.

     

    The major focus of this paper is to find out which aspects of democratic values are emphasised in the comprehensive schools curricula of the five Nordic countries. It is also an intention of the paper to find out similarities and differences in emphasis and if available data allows to further investigate the reasons for differences and similarities.

    Major sources for the work were curricula of comprehensive schools from the different Nordic countries. Each countries current curriculum was closely read to understand their contents and to undertake comparative analysis. Text analysis was used as a major tool to look closely at the text and context. For further knowledge journals on curriculum studies and other relevant materials were consulted.

    A preliminary review of the general section of comprehensive schools curricula of these countries show:

    In the Danish curriculum participation, responsibility and understanding rights and duties are emphasised.

    The Finnish curriculum raises issues on human rights, equality, natural diversity, preservation of environment and multiculturalism. Responsibility, a sense of community and respect for the right and freedom of the individual are emphasised. General diversity and gender equality are given significant attention.

    In the Icelandic curriculum the major focus is human rights, collective responsibility, participation, influencing, and respect. Concern for people, animal and the environment are included in the curriculum. Critical thinking and reflection, active cooperation & collective responsibility are also emphasised.

    The Norwegian curriculum mentions understanding, cooperation, independence, individual freedom and tolerance as important issues.

    Swedish curriculum raises issues on respect for human rights, respect for persons and the environment. It considers inviolability of human life, individual freedom and integrity, equality between women and men, solidarity with the weak and vulnerable as crucial points. Sense of justice, generosity of spirit, tolerance and responsibility, well-being and development of the individual, no discrimination and personal responsibility were among the areas the curriculum lifted up.

    The curricula in these five countries give room for democratic values. There are some variations on emphasises on specific issues. But all the curricula include issues of rights and responsibilities.

    Keywords: curricula, democratic values, Nordic countries

  • 8.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Failed grades, schools, families and neighborhoods: Swedish Immigrant pupils’ reflections on their reality2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Immigrant Students Reflections on Their Failed Results from Compulsory School: Reconsidering Multi-dimensional Solutions2018Inngår i: Journal of Education and Cultural Studies, ISSN 2573-0401, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 213-226Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate reasons students with an immigrant background in one Swedish high school gives for their failure in some subjects at the end of their compulsory education. An interview with 18 students with an immigrant background is used as a method. According to the students, schools’ employment of substitute teachers without subject knowledge, reducing and firing competent teachers and less time for Swedish language lessons are reasons for failure in relation to schools. Other reasons given that affect results relate to family issues; leaving their country of origin, having many siblings and not getting enough attention from parents, parents inability to help them with school work, limited family financial resources and social obligations to support family members in their country of origin. In their residential area; not meeting persons with Swedish origin, lack of recreational facilities and meeting place, higher unemployment and crime rate are emphasized as affecting their lives and influencing their results. Based on the research findings and reviewed literature, students’ failure is mainly related to school, family and residential areas. The problems vary to a great extent, hence, the solutions should also bemulti-dimensional.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Innan doktorshatten: Granskning av utbildningsvetenskapliga avhandlingar2018Inngår i: Samhälle, genus och pedagogik-utbildningsvetenskapliga perspektiv: Vänbok till Inga Wernersson / [ed] Kerstin von Brömssen, Signild Risenfors & Lena Sjöberg, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, s. 219-238Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    International practicum for what and on whose terms?2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    International practicum for what and on whose terms?

     

                                                                     Getahun Yacob Abraham

                                                                                           Senior Lecturer

                                                                                           Karlstad University

     

    The aim of this paper is to investigate about the aims of international practicum and who is benefiting from it. If it is found that one side, the North or the South, is benefiting, to look at the possibilities to reconsider the practicum in order to benefit both. Review of literature in the field and my own experiences as a Swedish university lecturer involved in the teacher students practicum in the South will be the base for this paper. Some preliminary results of my literature review show that practicum in the South mainly focuses on giving the teacher students from the North the possibility of intercultural understanding with specific focus of dealing with change taking place at home, the diversity of students in classrooms (Abraham & von Brömssen, 2018; Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Marx & Moss, 2011; Wiken & Klein, 2017). Long time experiences show that in the movement of students from the North to the South, the economically and politically dominant countries can dictate the terms (Bosire & Brigham, 2009; Yang, 2002). In addition to that the countries in the center gain more advantages than the countries in the periphery (Barnet & Reggie, 1995).

     

    Keywords: Internationalization, International practicum, teacher students, North, South. 

     

    References

     

    Abraham, G.Y. & von Brömssen, K. (2018). Internationalisation in teacher education: Student teachers reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa. Education Inquiry.  

    https://www-tandfonline-com.bibproxy.kau.se/doi/full/10.1080/20004508.2018.1428035

     

    Barnet, G.A. & Yingli Wu, R. (1995). The international student exchange network. 1970&1980, Higher Education, 30, 353-368.

     

    Bosire, M.M. & Brigham, S. (2009). Preparing North American preserivice teachers for global perspectives: An international teaching practicum experiences in Africa, The Alberta Journal of Education Research, 55 (3), 415-428.

     

    Marx, H. & Moss, D.M. (2011). Please mind the culture gap: Intercultural development during a teacher education study abroad program, Journal of Teacher Education, 62 (1), 35-37.

     

    Wikan, G. & Klein, J. (2017). Can international practicum foster intercultural competence among teacher students? Journal of the European Teacher Education Network, 12, 95-104. 

     

    Yang, R. (2002). University internationalization: Its meaning, rationales and implications, Intercultural Education, 13 (1), 81-95.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Internationalisation and international practicum for what and on whose terms?2020Inngår i: Global and Intercultural Competence through Practicum in the Global South. / [ed] Kirsten Andreassen, Birgit Breusch och Jacob Clausen, Köpenhamn: Københavns Professionshøjskole , 2020, 2, s. 22-33Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will investigate the aims of internationalisation and international practicum, with the focus on the later. It is important to consider whether both partners in the exchange receive benefits, and if not to reconsider the practicum arrangements to ensure greater equity of benefit. Review of literature in the field and my own experiences as a Swedish university lecturer involved in student teacher practica will be the base for this paper. Some preliminary results of my literature review show that practicum in the South mainly focuses on giving the teacher students from the North the possibility of intercultural understanding with specific goal of dealing with demographic change taking place in the student teacher´s home country. This demographic change has typically resulted in an increased cultural diversity of students in classrooms (Abraham & von Brömssen, 2018; Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Marx & Moss, 2011; Wiken & Klein, 2017). Experiences show that in the movement of students from the North to the South, economically and politically dominant countries are more likely to dictate the terms of relationships (Bosire & Brigham, 2009;  Yang, 2002). Viewed from another perspective, countries considered in the center due to their economic and political influence gain more advantages than countries considered in the periphery (Barnet & Reggie, 1995).

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Internationalisering
  • 13.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Life Orientation: Lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in South African schools2013Inngår i: Online Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 2044-0294Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Life Orientation: lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes

    Abstract

    The focus of this study was lessons on leadership qualities and voting in grade three classes in four Eastern Cape schools. Frame factor theory and theory of pedagogical devices were used. The study employed text analysis, classroom observation in four 3rd grade classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers as sources of data. The results of the study indicated there were differences among teachers when it came to understanding and interpreting the theme. The teachers interviewed have general qualifications but lacked training to teach this theme. Between the schools there were differences in manpower, material and financial resources. There were similar teaching procedures although there were differences in teachers’ approaches. Learners’ understanding was influenced by family background. In general, teachers dominated and controlled the whole procedure by proposing candidates and vote counters. Findings from this study could be relevant for teachers and other school personnel for their future commitment to teaching democracy by practising it. Keywords: Classroom, democracy, differences, leadership qualities, learners, life orientation, participation, South Africa, teachers, voting

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Life Orientation
  • 14.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    New Public Management in the Swedish Higher Education2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is to find out about the neoliberal New Public Management entry into the Swedish higher education institutions, its effect and the possible alternative to it. The study is based on articles in academic journals, policy documents and government sponsored reports. The result of the study shows that the Swedish higher education institutions are influenced by New Public Management. This is visible as market characters such as efficiency, competition, quality control, customer satisfaction is highly valued at present in the higher education. There is also emphasis on manpower training for the labour market. Easily measurable knowledge for immediate use of economic growth are prioritized at the expense of critical and analytical knowledge. Higher education’s autonomy is to some extent violated, collegial leadership is replaced by appointee leadership, staff are under pressure to follow instructions instead of exercising their academic freedom. Based on these findings I will argue against these trends and emphasis on the importance of all partners in higher education to review the present condition in order to facilitate the possibility for keeping higher education (universities) as public autonomous institution, to keep academic freedom intact, to assure that higher education should have both professional and democratic contents, and that higher education should continue to undertake basic long term and short term research for immediate use.

  • 15.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Nukruma’s and nyerere’s educational visions: what could contemporary africa learns from them?2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    NUKRUMA’S AND NYERERE’S EDUCATIONAL VISIONS – WHAT COULD CONTEMPORARY AFRICA LEARNS FROM THEM?

     

    Getahun Yacob Abraham

    Senior Lecturer

    Institution for Pedagogical Studies

    Karlstad University  

     

     

    This study tries to assess the educational visions of two post independent African leaders, Kwame Nkrumah and Julius Nyerere. The focus is on, what could contemporary Africa learn from their visions on developing the welfare of society through education? To answer this question a literature review of their own works and other writers was conducted. The review shows that they emphasised on the need for education for further development in their own and other countries in the continent. They also focused on relating education with the local reality with due concern on the relevance of knowledge of the global reality. The instrumentality of education to change the life of the masses was given a vital place. For them  education should aim at including all sectors of society and on creating equality among the population instead of contributing to evolving an elite class that selfishly prioritize its own interest than the society at large. They stressed that education should not be too theoretical in the expense of the practical activities. According to them the purpose of education should go beyond individual gains and take into consideration the welfare of the whole society. In line with their visions information technology and welfare development in the continent should be assumed in a way that benefits the broad masses.  

     

     

    Key words: contemporary Africa, Education, Nkrumah, Nyerere, visions

  • 16.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    "Re-inventing" Freire for the 21:st Century2013Inngår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 8-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    "Re-inventing" Freire
  • 17.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Teacher Education as Preparation for Diversity2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how teacher education prepares student teachers to gain knowledge and experiences required to meet the needs of Swedish preschools with children with linguistic, religious and cultural diversities. The theoretical point of departure is Paulo Freire´s concepts of “generative themes”, dialogue and transformation, through examination of articles, policy documents and other materials available in intercultural/multicultural education. Findings indicate: importance of preschool teachers understanding of diversity among colleagues, children and parents; listening to children; giving closer attention to parents’ perspectives; helping children to understand and respect diversity; engaging with disadvantaged children’s diverse experiences; using good examples that illustrate unity in diversity; considering conflicts relating to children´s rights; and dealing with curriculum and preschool practice. Exposing students to realities outside university may include inviting experienced preschool teachers, giving cases for discussion, showing films to be analysed, etc. Materials should show both opportunities and difficulties of working in intercultural/multicultural environments. 

  • 18.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Teachers as pedagogues, intellectuals and activists for promoting social justice through education2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers prepare themselves to play their role of developing their students critical thinking to understand the injustice and power relations in their society. The emphasis is on teachers as subjects and their role on preparing “critical citizens” (Moyo, 2013) that will promote democracy and social justice. 

    Teachers are expected to work with different functions of education such as qualifications, socialization and subjectification (Biesta, 2015). Kincheloe (2008) describe teachers in a critical context as follows:

    Teachers working in a critical context rebel against the view of practitioners as information deliverers, as deskilled messengers who uncritically pass along a canned curriculum. Highly skilled scholarly teachers research their students and their communities and analyse the curricular topics they are expected to cover. In light of such inquiry, these teachers develop a course of study that understands subject matter and academic skills in relation to where their students come from and the needs they bring to school…  (Kincheloe 2008, 118).  

    My attempt to understand the role of teachers is inspired by critical pedagogy. According to this perspective, teachers who are willing to give room for their students and encourage them to be critical citizens are considered “problem posing educators” (Freire, 1970), “radical teachers” (Giroux, 1983), “public intellectuals” (Giroux, 2011), etc. According to Freire (1970) these teachers recognize the role of “teacher-student” and “student-teacher”; they teach their students and they are also ready to learn through their students´ reflections and from their life experiences. 

    These teachers in addition to their good theoretical understanding are also activists in their society. Through participation in organizations such as teachers´ unions, local cultural and social associations they are well informed about the current issues and demands of their society.

    In their classrooms, together with their students through “generative themes” (Freire, 1970) raises issues that are not only about school subjects but also relevant to the society at large. By using “dialogic metod” (Ibid., Shor & Freire,1987) they gradually approach the issues from different angels; this enable them to see inequalities and injustice some sectors of the society are experiencing. Beyond understanding, in practice they work on promoting democracy and social justice.  

    I would like to give two examples from the literature I reviewed. The first one is about an American high school teacher, who brought a leather soccer ball and put it in front of his students of Global Studies. He asked them to write anything about the ball and he told them they are allowed go to the front touch it and investigate it as they want. They wrote about it from different perspectives but all of them missed the text in small letters on the ball, that says Made in Pakistan. When the teacher showed them that, they started wondering why it was made in Pakistan, who produced it, how was the working condition for those who produced it, etc. This lead them to critically reflect and discuss even other issues related to materials produced abroad and the exploitative relations involved (Smyth, 2011). 

    The second example is about students from poor farmer families in Tuscany region in Italy. They were helped by their teacher, Don Lorenzo Milani to be aware of their underclass non-privileged position in their society and their school. Eight pupils from the school, Barbiana school wrote a book titled, Letter to A Teacher (Lettera). In their book, they criticized the school system for failing them and the privilege middle class children received in their expense (Mayo, 2013). 

     

  • 19.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    The Neoliberal New Public Management influence on the Swedish Higher Education2017Inngår i: Kapet (elektronisk), E-ISSN 2002-3979, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 45-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about neoliberal New Public Management (NPM) entry into the Swedish higher education institutions, its effects and the possible alternatives to it. Academic articles, policy documents and government reports are used for the study. The results of the study show in the Swedish higher education institutions, NPM market characters such as efficiency, competition, quality control, customer satisfaction and manpower training for the labour market are emphasised. Easily measurable knowledge is prioritized at the expense of critical and analytical knowledge. Higher education’s autonomy is to some extent violated, collegial leadership is replaced by appointee leadership, and staff are under pressure to follow instructions instead of exercising their academic freedom. Based on these findings I will argue against these trends and emphasise on the importance of all partners in higher education to review the present condition to facilitate the possibility of keeping higher education as public autonomous institutions, academic freedom intact, assure that higher education should have both professional and democratic contents, and that higher education should continue to undertake basic long-term and short-term research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    NPM
  • 20.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    The Quest for Intercultural Perspective in the Swedish Education System2019Inngår i: European Conference for Education Research (ECER 2019), 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the status of intercultural perspective in education in Sweden. The study is guided by three questions of what are the official views of intercultural perspective in education, why intercultural perspective is relevant for education and what are the possible ways of implementing it. Bennett´s definition of intercultural learning is considered as theoretical starting point for the study, ‘Acquiring increased awareness of subjective cultural context (world view), including one’s own, and developing greater ability to interact sensitively and competently across cultural contexts...’ (Bennett, 2009, S.3). A general literature on intercultural perspective and a literature on the subject with specific focus on Sweden are referred for this study. The result of the reviews show the concept of intercultural education was introduced as a policy documents in Sweden as early as the 1980s; a serious definition of what intercultural was not considered; there is a general recognition of diversity based on language, religion, ethnicity, gender, etc; while recognizing diversity, the focus is on understanding differences; on helping the “immigrant” to integrate to the society; on stating laws and policies for protection against discrimination of different groups. There is a common understanding among the authors of the reviewed texts, that more should be done to develop intercultural perspective in the different levels in the education system. 

  • 21.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Vägen från antagonism till agonism i Sydafrika, utbildningsreformer och läroplaner efter apartheid2014Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    What are the aims of the lessons on role models?: Teachers and pupils’ understanding of the theme in South African comprehensive school classes.2015Inngår i: Online Educational Research Journal, E-ISSN 2044-0294, Vol. 5, nr 5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Role models was one of the themes for lessons in the Foundation Phase in the South African Revised National Curriculum Statement of 2002 (RNCS; Department of Education, 2002). The focus of the article is to discuss how teachers understood, interpreted and presented the theme to their pupils and how their pupils responded to it. The study is based on policy texts, observation of lessons and textbooks. Foucault’s concepts of normalisation and normalising judgment and Connell’s concepts of masculinity and sex roles are used to analyse results. The results of the study show similarities and differences in understanding and preferences of role models by teachers and pupils. While teachers emphasised officially known people as role models, some pupils considered family members and other people in their neighbourhood.Mandela was a favoured role model in most classes. Even if the theme of the lessons was role models, I argue that the covert agenda is normalising pupils to the existing dominant social norms of the society.

     

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    What are the aims of the lessons on role models
  • 23.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Barksdale, Mary Alice
    Virginia Tech.
    Literacy and Democracy in South African Primary Schools2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Bergersen, Ane
    Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Freire’s concepts and theories as a strategy to reduce poverty2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Freire’s concepts and theories as a strategy to reduce poverty

     

    Getahun Yacob Abraham, Senior Lecturer in Education, Karlstad University, Sweden 

     

    Ane Bergersen, Associate Professor Sociology, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences

     

    The UN Sustainable Development Goals puts as its first goal, “End Extreme Poverty In All Forms By 2030” (UNDP, 2016). This shows poverty is one of the gravest problem in our planet. Most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are reported as countries with low development index and extreme poverty (UNDP 2018, FAO 2017 & World Bank 2017). This paper will use Paulo Freire´s (1970) concepts “generative themes”, dialogue and transformation to be able to discuss how themes can be raised, discussed and possible actions for change will be proposed. Some preliminary review of literature shows the relevance of universities considering themselves as public goods, including in their policies, their commitment to the development of their societies, giving sufficient attention to local and regional problems and devotion to educating a generation of students with critical thinking and devotion to transform their society. This paper will explore how universities in Southern/Africa could include Freire’s concepts and theories in their research agenda in their search of causes of poverty and possible ways of reducing/eradicating it in their local and regional contexts.

  • 25.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013). Högskolan i Borås.
    Börebäck, Maria Kristina
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Komplementära granskningskriteriers betydelse för hur doktorsavhandlingars kvalitet beskrivs: En analys av fakultetsopponenters sammanfattande kommentarer av doktors­avhandlingar 2000-20152021Inngår i: Kapet (elektronisk), E-ISSN 2002-3979, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 70-98Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel beskriver hur fakultetsopponenter motiverar avhandlingars kvalitet i populärvetenskapliga sammanfattningar som publicerats i tidskriften Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige under perioden 2000-2015. I artikeln fokuseras granskningskriterier som gäller relevans, förståelse av forskningsfältet, presentation av texten och dess kommunicerbarhet, originalitet och bidrag samt självständighet, vilka alla kompletterar de grundläggande gransknings­kriterierna.  I artikel fokuseras hur dessa granskningskriterier kommer till uttryck och används när fakultetsopponenter beskriver en avhandling som de har granskat. Syftet är att tydliggöra hur dessa granskningskriterier framställs när fakultetsopponenter lyfter fram vad som är betydelsefullt i avhandlingarna. Studien omfattar 59 sammanfattande texter från 60 olika disputationstillfällen. Avsikten är att bidra till en djupare förståelse av dessa gransknings­kriterier och hur de kommer till uttryck, till nytta för doktorander, handledare och fakultets­opponenter. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Margrain, Valerie
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Internationalisation and Interculturality in Preschool Teacher Education: Whose Agenda?2020Inngår i: Internasional Utvecksling i Laerutdanning, 2020Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the question, how do Karlstad University (KAU) preschool teacher education students perceive their course materials in relation to internationalisation and intercultural practice? Questionnaires were administered through the Survey and Report tool to all students in the program. Out of 648 students who received the questionnaire, 94 (14.5%) replied. Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) is used as theoretical perspective for the study, with analysis exploring the CHAT elements of: tools; subjects; rules; community; division of labour; objects; and outcomes. Results of the study show that students recognized the availability of internationalization and intercultural perspective in their courses, and particularly valued opportunities to meet and discuss with practicing preschool teachers working in multicultural and multilingual areas. Results also note challenges with creating opportunity for students to meet students from other countries, either in Sweden or online. Some students also indicated they found it difficult to engage with English language texts that used critical theory or which differed from Nordic contexts. Our research suggests that Swedish student teachers value content which prepares them for working in Sweden with culturally diverse students, but place less value on higher education goals of internationalisation when these are not closely connected to practice. 

     

  • 27.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    Högskolan Väst.
    Internationalisation in teacher education: student teachers’ reflections on experiences from a field study in South Africa2018Inngår i: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 347-362Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationalisation of higher education and teacher education has been a key issue since the 1990s and many universities still attempt to increase student mobility ever since. Much research has been done on the topic of internationalisation and higher education, including teacher education trying to show how a certain programme impacts on students’ learning, especially intercultural learning when it comes to programmes in teacher education. These studies are often directed towards programmes that last several months or a whole year. The focus of this study is rather to explore if and in what way experiences in a two-week field study can contribute to a student teacher’s intercultural learning and professional development. The findings of the research show that even a short field study has an important impact on the individual student teacher’s understanding of themselves and on awareness of teachers’ living and working conditions in a different culture like South Africa.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    Learning through short field studies, Swedish students voice on field studies in schools in South Africa.2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The focus of this study is to explore in what way a short term field study can contribute to teacher students intercultural learning and professional development. The role that firsthand experience plays in culture learning has invariably been discussed to be a critical part in intercultural learning (Quezada 2012, 8). The empirical material for the study consists of interviews before, during and after a two week field study conducted with six Swedish teacher students in South Africa. Observations during the field visits were also part of the used methods. The students specifically reflects on the observed language barriers for children who are attending education with other languages than their mother tongue, strong discipline in classrooms and resource differences between schools. According to the students diversity in the culture and seeing pupils with diverse backgrounds in the same context will be helpful for their future carriers. They believe in particular that the field study experience will help them to meet pupils with diverse backgrounds in their own school classes. They also believe the field study helped them to gain an understanding of the Swedish education system in comparison to others. Thus, we argue that a short term field study can contribute to intercultural learning and professional development, although findings also suggest that the tutoring in the field plays a crucial role.

  • 29.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Swedish student teachers´ perspectives on their short field study in South Africa2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores if and in what way experiences from a short field study can contribute to student teachers intercultural learning and professional development. The paper is based on focus groups and individual interviews, with two groups of Swedish student teachers that undertook a two-week field study in South African schools. Researches on internationalisation in higher education especially trying to show intercultural learning in teacher education, often last several months or a whole year. Thus, there is a knowledge gap on students’ doing shorter field studies, which our study wants to help fill. The findings show that even a short field study has an important impact on the individual student teacher’s understanding of themselves and awareness of teachers’ living and working conditions in a different culture like South Africa.  It is impossible to conclude that the student teachers became more interculturally competent through this short field study. However, the student teachers in their reflections turn their attention back to their own national context for critical comparisons. As underlined by the student teachers, experiencing the context of teaching and learning and meeting people “in reality” is something that really “grabs your heart”. 

     

     

  • 30.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Wikan, Gerd
    Hedmark University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Postcolonial perspective, indigenous knowledge and critical theories for transforming universities and societies in Southern/Africa2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This conference paper will address some problems facing Southern/African universities. Instead of detailed discussion of general problems facing universities in Southern/Africa, it will focus on universities relation to their funding partners such as the state and external donors, as well as their role as higher education institution in terms of teaching, research and the outreach/community services program. We believe postcolonial investigation into higher education helps universities to look into their past and its impact on their present. Through researching indigenous knowledge systems, they can find out about locally developed knowledge that they can integrate into their educational curricula. Concepts from critical theories could be used to analyse universities relations to their funders, their teaching-learning process, their research and their outreach to their communities. Specifically, through using critical pedagogic approach, they can prepare their students to critically view the reality of their societies, to find out their needs and to participate in the process of their transformation. On the base of these perspectives, hopefully universities could address the problems of inequalities caused by class, gender, ethnicity and race.

     

     

    KEYWORDS: Postcolonial perspective, indigenous knowledge, critical theories, transformation, universities, societies, Southern/Africa.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Abrahamsson, Linnéa
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Förskolans ateljé: En intervjustudie om kvalitén i förskolans ateljés lärmiljö2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med en ökad kunskap om vilka kvalitetsaspekter på olika nivåer som kan påverka barns möjlighet till kreativ utveckling i förskolans ateljé. Studiens empiri samlades in genom semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer. Analysen gjordes efter Wallins (2023) modell förskolans pedagogiska miljöer. I resultatet framkom att det finns kvalitetsaspekter i organisation, miljö, material, pedagogers kunskap samt i pedagogers förhållningssätt som påverkar barns möjlighet till kreativ utveckling i förskolans ateljé. Mitt forskningsbidrag är en utveckling av Wallins (2023) modell.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Adamson, Frank
    et al.
    Stanford University.
    Åstrand, BjörnKarlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).Darling-Hammond, LindaStanford University.
    Global education reform: How privatization and public investment influence education outcomes2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Adler, Camilla
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Från forskningsresultat om god undervisning till lärarens praktik: En kvantitativ studie om lärares uppfattning av god undervisning.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka lärares uppfattning om gynnsamma faktorer för elevers kunskapsutveckling med särskild tonvikt vid formativ bedömning och processer av skolutveckling som behöver initieras inom verksamheten.

    Undersökningens resultat kan utgöra grund för ett arbete på skolor där man önskar sträva efter att stärka lärares insikter och medvetenhet om det forskningen pekar ut som faktorer för framgångsrik undervisning.

    Undersökningen har genomförts som en kvantitativ enkätundersökning med lärarpersonalen på tre grundskolor i en och samma kommun i Västra Götaland. Enkäten undersöker lärares åsikter om faktorer som är viktiga för framgångsrik undervisning, samt hur samma lärare beskriver sin egen undervisning i förhållande till dessa faktorer.

    Undersökningen visar att det finns en stor samstämmighet mellan faktorer som utpekats som viktiga för elevers kunskapsutveckling och de beskrivningar som anges kännetecknande för den egna undervisningen i de allra flesta fall. Samstämmigheten är köns-, stadie-  och åldersöverskridande. De tre faktorer som lärargrupperna anser har mest betydelse för elevernas kunskapsutveckling är att ge feedback som har fokus på möjliga förbättringar, att undervisningen har ett tydligt syfte, samt att regelbundet följa upp att eleverna förstår innehållet.

    På ett område gäller inte samstämmigheten inom lärarkollektivet. Undersökningen visar en markant skillnad mellan lärare med få år i yrket respektive många år i yrket när det gäller beskrivningen av hur man använder sig av formativ bedömning i det egna undervisningsarbetet. Lärare med mer än 15 år i yrket anger i hög utsträckning att man använder sig av formativ bedömning, medan lärare med färre år i yrket i liten utsträckning anger detta.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Adolfi, Maria
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Lekens betydelse för lärandet av matematik i förskolan: Pedagogers syn på vilken betydelse lek har för barns tidiga matematiska utveckling2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur fem pedagoger i en utvald förskola arbetar med lek och matematik, samt hur pedagogerna anser att förskolans verksamhet påverkar barnens matematiska lärande nu och i framtiden. De metoder som jag använt mig av är att söka relevant forskning och litteratur som behandlar ämnet. Jag har gjort en kvalitativ intervjustudie med ovan nämnda pedagoger. Studien visar att pedagogerna tycker att leken är viktig för barnens lärande av matematik och de anser att matematiken finns överallt i leken. Samtliga pedagoger anser att det är viktigt att barnen få med sig en grund för matematiskt tänkande till skolan, så att det blir en vana och en självklarhet för barnen. Det är också viktigt menar pedagogerna att barnen får med sig grundläggande begrepp till grundskolan. Flera av pedagogerna nämner att de vill att barnen ska se på matematik som något som är kul och spännande.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Examensarbete
  • 35.
    Adolfsson, Robin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Attityd till socker: En kvantitativ studie om förskolepersonals och vårdnadshavares attityder till socker i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka vårdnadshavares och förskolepersonals syn på socker i förskolan. I studien användes en enkätundersökning som riktade sig till vårdnadshavare med barn i förskola och förskolepersonal. Respondenterna nåddes genom Facebook-grupper. I studien deltog 372 deltagare, 173 av respondenterna var vårdnadshavare till barn i förskola och 199 var förskolepersonal. Resultaten från enkäten ämnad för vårdnadshavare visade att de hade en generellt neutral till negativ attityd till socker. Vårdnadshavare tyckte att humöret hos deras barn var det som påverkades mest efter sockerintag, dock märkte 28 % ingen större skillnad hos deras barn.  Resultaten visade att förskolepersonal generellt hade en negativ till neutral attityd till socker i förskolan. Förskolepersonalen tyckte att barnens energi var det som påverkades mest efter intag av socker. Trenden enligt de som arbetar i förskolan är att sockerkonsumtionen i förskolor är nedåtgående och många beskrev sin egen förskola som sockerfri. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Attityd till socker
  • 36.
    af Kleen, Suzanne
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    ”Det kan inte vila på mig att klara allting själv” Några elevers erfarenheter av att använda alternativa verktyg i sitt lärande: Några elevers erfarenheter av att använda alternativa verktyg i sitt lärande2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med en fördjupad förståelse för erfarenheter av att använda alternativa verktyg hos elever med dyslexi. Studien som är en kvalitativ undersökning bygger på intervjuer av tre elever. Utifrån deras berättade erfarenheter har berättelser skapats. De har sedan analyserats med utgångspunkt i den sociokulturella teorin och resultatet har avslutningsvis diskuterats i relation till tidigare forskning.

    Resultatet av studien visar att elever, med hjälp av alternativa verktyg, artefakter, kan klara av det som ligger utanför deras förmåga. Verktygen används när eleverna behöver stöd i sitt lärande när det gäller att läsa och skriva. För att kunna använda verktygen på bästa sätt är både eleverna och lärarna i behov av handledning och tid för implementering.

    Elevens självbild spelar stor roll för deras villighet att använda alternativa verktyg. Eleverna menar att det skulle kännas bättre att använda verktygen om lärarna informerar alla elever i klassen om dyslexi och hur de alternativa verktygen kan stödja elever med funktionsnedsättning i deras lärande.

    Denna studie kan bidra med förståelse för hur viktig lärarens samtal- och handledningsroll är när det gäller elevens användande av alternativa verktyg. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    ”Det kan inte vila på mig att klara allting själv” Några elevers erfarenheter av att använda alternativa verktyg i sitt lärande
  • 37.
    Agneblad, Anette
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Barns fria lek med konstruktionsmaterial, ur ett genusperspektiv: en studie på hur förskollärare uppfattar barns fria lek med konstruktionsmaterial, ur ett genusperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Agneblad, Moa
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Danielsson, Sofia
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Uppfattningar om fysisk aktivitet i förskolan: En studie av förskollärares uppfattningar om planering och genomförande av fysisk aktivitet2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to contribute knowledge about preschool teachers' perceptions of planning and implementation of physical activity in preschool teaching, so that all children have the opportunity to participate to a sufficient extent. In order to collect preschool teachers' perceptions of the phenomenon, we used semi-structured interviews, where five preschool teachers were interviewed. We have started from a phenomenographic approach, which also provides a starting point in the interviews. To produce the results, we used the phenomenography analysis model where concepts, categories and outcome spaces become central. The results showed that the preschool teachers perceive that physical activity is important but also a challenge. They also perceive that the physical activity takes place most spontaneously in preschool due to various limitations. Furthermore, they perceive that the physical activity is carried out both indoors, on the schoolyard and in nearby environments, which also provides the opportunity for different tools.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Agneta, Grönlund
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Joakim, Samuelsson
    Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Johan
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    When documentation becomes feedback: tensions in feedback activity in Learning Management Systems2021Inngår i: Education Inquiry, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 194-212Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers’ feedback via Learning Management Systems (LMSs) isstudied within the subject of social studies at upper secondaryschool in Sweden. A qualitative study involved classroom observationswithin LMSs, gathering teachers’ feedback on pupils’ submittedassignments, and semi-structured interviews with sixteachers. With the support of activity theory, the interest of thestudy was directed towards the tensions that arise in an activitysystem consisting of teachers’ feedback actions in a digital assessmentcontext. The results reveal tensions in the relationshipbetween grading documentation in the LMS and the subject’straditions in the form of discussions, for example. Tensions weredistinguished in the interaction between a school policy of usinga feedback matrix and teachers’ formative ideals. Tensions werealso distinguished between teachers’ need to legitimise gradesand give feedback according to formative ideals. Finally,a tension was distinguished between the time available for providingfeedback and teachers’ formative ideals for giving feedback.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Ahlberg, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Naturvetenskap i förskolan: En intervjustudie om förskollärares tankar och arbetssätt2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how preschool teachers think about preschool

    science, what they consider science to be and how they deal with specific curricular objectives

    related to science.

    Science is a part of our everyday life, it is a prerequisite for understanding everyday

    phenomena and how the world is working. Nevertheless it is often dropped in favour of other

    subjects in Swedish preschools.

    The eight preschool teachers participating in this study are all working in the same

    municipality in the western part of Sweden with children aged 1- 5 years. The method used in

    this study was interviews. The interviews were recorded to facilitate the transcriptions.

    The results show that preschool teachers find that science is an important subject that should

    be introduced to the children early on in life. They also show that preschool teachers consider

    science to have a preventive effect on the learning to the children, and it is needed for them to

    understand everyday processes and phenomena. When working with the curricular objectives

    linked to science, the result show that preschool teachers perceive nature as an asset to

    develop the children’s knowledge and interest for scientific concepts. Factors that impact the

    work with science in preschool could, according to the educators, be lack of knowledge, the

    children’s age or their attitude towards the subject.

    Conclusions that can be drawn from this study are that preschool teachers draw on the

    children’s interests when teaching science. They also find it important to use the correct terms

    at an early stage.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Ahlin, Julia
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Handhygien i förskolan: Pedagoger och barns uppfattningar av handhygien och dess roll i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about preschool teachers and children perceptions about hand hygiene in preschool. It also focusses on preschool teachers’ way of working when it comes to hand hygiene against children. The purpose with this study was to illuminate preschool teachers’ attitudes and working methods with hand hygiene in the preschool and how children reason about hand hygiene. Seven preschool teachers and twelve children from two different preschool participated in the study. The children were interviewed in pairs and the preschool teachers were interviewed individually. It can be read in the results that the preschool teachers think that the children know why they wash their hands and the children agree about that. All seven preschool teachers also indicate that they talk with children about hand hygiene and why it is important. The children do not think that the preschool teachers talk to them about hand hygiene. However, the children do show knowledge about why they should wash their hands and also explains what would happen if they did not do it. Maybe the preschool teachers and the children have different point of view of what ”talking” is in this context when their answers doesn’t match. The preschool teachers and children have a similar perception when it comes to what hand hygiene routines they have and what they use when they wash their hands.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Ahlqvist, Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Demokrati i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers arbetssätt och syn på barns inflytande2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my study is to identify which approach that the teachers believe that they use in their work with children's influence. The aim is also to investigate whether or not the teachers experience any consequences when giving the children a chance to influence and if so, what kind of consequences.

    I have used qualitative interviews to answer the questions of my thesis. My conclusion, based on the result of the interviews, indicates that teachers believe children experience limited influence in routine situations. The results also indicates that teachers who demonstrates a conscious democratic approach while teaching, believed they helped children get a better understanding of the concept of democracy already at an early age.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Demokrati i förskolan
  • 43.
    Ahmadzai, Abdullah
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ EDUCATION IN AFGHANISTAN: A study of students’ drop   out and retention rates of boys and girls of primary schools in Maidan Wardak   Province - Afghanistan2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    School access and staying in school is one the most important issue for the Ministry of Education in Afghanistan particularly for girls. According to the Ministry of Education (MoE), nearly seven million children have access to school in Afghanistan, 37 per cent of whom are girls.

    Students drop out of schools before completing their education cycle, to know who drops out and to what extent; this study describes some of factors that influence students to drop out of school in grade 4 and grade 6.

    To find out some factors that may influence girls and boys to drop out of schools in grade 4 and 6 six, structured interviews were conducted in 10 schools – 5 in rural area and 5 in urban area of Maidan Wardak province of Afghanistan. Data was collected by random sample from 32 girls and 48 boys who left schools. 20 teachers and 20 parents were also interviewed to know what their opinions are on drop out of students.

    After data collection, several factors were found to cause students drop out of schools; some of the most prominent causes were Poverty, lack of security, long distance to school and socio- culture factors.

    By looking to the current educational situation of the Ministry of Education in Afghanistan, there is a need of research almost in all areas particularly in the area of girls’ education.

  • 44.
    Ahmed, Rasmiya
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om förskollärares resonemang om undervisning av flerspråkiga barn2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Denna studie handlar om flerspråkighet i förskolan. Sju förskollärare intervjuades om deras undervisning med flerspråkiga barn. Resultatet visar att de arbetar med flerspråkighet i förskolan i syfte att främja språkutveckling både i svenska och på barnets modersmål.

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att belysa hur förskollärare beskriver sitt arbete med flerspråkiga barns lärmiljö. Förskollärarna i studien använder olika arbetssätt för att stötta barnen i deras språkutveckling.

    Förskollärarna samarbetade med vårdnadshavarna, för att främja barnens modersmål. De samlade till exempel in ord på olika språk i syfte att stödja barnens flerspråkiga utveckling. Därefter skrev de ner orden på olika språk och satte upp dem jämte bilder som föreställde ordet på väggarna. Vidare använde förskollärarna digitala verktyg, som applikationen Polyglutt. Denna applikation läser texter, barnböcker, högt på olika språk. Förskollärarna använder tecken som stöd i deras kommunikation med barnen.

    Ett positivt förhållningssätt till flerspråkighet är idag avgörande för att alla barn ska kunna ingå i förskolan. För att stödja en inkluderande flerspråkig miljö uppmuntrar förskollärarna barn att använda alla sina språk i leken. Detta syftar till att stödja ömsesidig respekt för olikheter och skapa en god miljö för språkutveckling både i svenska och på barnens familjespråk.

    Nyckelord: Flerspråkighet, lärandemiljö, språkutveckling och förskola.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Arkivfil
  • 45.
    Aho, Erika
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013). Högskolan Dalarna.
    Henriksson Persson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013). Högskolan Dalarna.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013). Högskolan Dalarna.
    Skolnära – ett skolnära begrepp?2016Inngår i: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 116-134Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolnära kan beskrivas som ett relativt nytt begrepp inom utbildning och forskning med skolanknytning. Det förekommer ofta i sammanhang där det tycks finnas en ambition att knyta skola och forskning närmare varandra. Det kan till exempel handla om olika forskarskolor, skolforskning och skolutvecklingsprojekt. Dock finns ingen enhetlig definition av begreppet utan det används parallellt med och i vissa fall synonymt med begreppen praktiknära och praxisnära. Syftet med denna artikel är att bidra till en problematisering av begreppet skolnära med fokus på såväl innebörder som användningsområden. Utifrån studier av olika typer av texter belyses hur begreppet skolnära används inom skolforskning och i andra utbildningsvetenskapliga sammanhang idag. Begreppet skolnära ser ut att uppkomma i samband med framväxten av forskarutbildningsämnet pedagogiskt arbete men återfinns idag även inom andra forskarutbildningsämnen. Till exempel kan en ”skolnära avhandling” vara skriven inom pedagogik eller något ämnesdidaktiskt ämne. Vad det innebär att forskningen är skolnära tycks ha skiftande innebörd och avgränsning i olika sammanhang. Det kan till exempel handla om huruvida forskningen bedrivs av eller för lärare. Begreppet används också inom skolvärlden i ett vidare perspektiv.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Alamäki, Ari
    et al.
    Haaga-Helia, FIN.
    Kilbrink, Nina
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Science, Mathematics and Engineering Education Research (SMEER).
    Section VI, Introduction: Learning in Projects and Programming & Case Studies: Models and Concepts2021Inngår i: Techne series: Research in sloyd education and crafts science. A, ISSN 1238-9501, E-ISSN 1893-1774, Vol. 28, nr 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 47.
    Albin, Susanna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Karaktärer i bilderboken: En intersektionell analys av tre nutida bilderböcker.2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, a literature analysis was made of three picture books to illustrate how gender and ethnicity are presented in the characters. The purpose of the study is to make visible what opportunities for identification the children may come across in picture books. The three books in the analysis are picture books written from 2011 and onwards and are intended for children aged 2-6 years. The analysis has been done by examining how the personal portrayal of the characters looks with a focus on gender and ethnicity, and what power regimes are depicted in picture books. The result shows that the books have a variety of characters and that the authors tried to broaden the gender stereotypes. For example, by not describing the characters by gender, portraying a masculinity that shows emotion and vulnerability, or by portraying strong and active women or girls. Some of the characters are still portrayed in a stereotypical way and in one of the three books the diversity is not as wide among the main characters as in the other books.

  • 48.
    Albinsson, Ronja
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Biologi i förskolan: En undersökning om förskollärarnas inställning till biologi i jämförelse med ämnets användning i förskolan.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta arbete undersöks vad pedagogerna i förskolan har för kunskap och intresse gällande biologi, samt hur de arbetar med ämnet i verksamheten. För att få svar på dessa frågeställningar i studien har metoden enkäter använts, där sammanlagt 88 pedagoger deltog i undersökningen. De fick frågor om sin egen inställning till biologi och hur de arbetar med ämnet. Resultatet visade att ungefär hälften av respondenterna uppgav att de inte arbetade med alla områden inom biologi den pågående terminen, fokuset var främst på djur och natur. Det var viktigt för respondenterna att utgå från barnens intresse, samtidigt som det fanns ett fokus på vad de själva var intresserade av och hade kunskap kring. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Aldelöv, Jennie
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Vilka lekar är tillåtna att leka i förskolan?: Om bra och dåliga lekar i förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this study I want to survey which plays preschool teachers thinks are accepted in preschool and wish aren’t. I also found it relevant to investigate when and why they choose to interrupt a play and what happens when they do? My interest for the possibility that we might judge by some values was the reason for my question formulations and for the follow-up questions in my interview.

    For my survey I used semi-structured interviews to get a deeper knowledge about this domain and for the opportunity to ask further supplementary questions.

    The results show how preschool teachers accept most of the plays and that those plays that aren’t accepted and in need of being disrupted or to be changed mostly are plays where someone could be hurt or violated.

     

    It also shows that the preschool teachers think that they should regulate or interrupt children´s plays as little as possible because most of the time interruption turns the plays in a negative direction.

    My conclusion is that preschool teachers are willing to see children’s intentions but there are also norms and values that regulate what´s accepted or not.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Alexandersson, Natalie
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Den fria lekens betydelse: Förskollärares tankar kring den fria lekens betydelse för barns sociala kompetens2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur fyra förskollärare tänker kring den fria lekens betydelse för barns sociala kompetens samt hur de definierar social kompetens och hur de kan hjälpa barnen att utveckla sin sociala kompetens i den fria leken. De metoder jag har använt mig av är att söka relevant forskning och litteratur som behandlar ämnet. Jag har gjort en kvalitativ intervju med ovan nämnda förskollärare.

    Studien visar att förskollärarna som medverkade i studien har en gemensam syn på att den fria leken är mycket betydelsefull för barns sociala kompetens. Barn får genom den fria leken lära sig mycket som har med det sociala att göra. Studien visar också att förskollärarnas roll är otroligt viktiga för barns sociala utveckling, genom att finnas med för att stödja och stimulera leken samt genom deras eget förhållningssätt till både barn och vuxna.

1234567 1 - 50 of 2259
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • apa.csl
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf