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  • 1.
    Finstad, Anders G.
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norge.
    Forseth, Torbjorn
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norge.
    Jonsson, Bror
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Oslo, Norge.
    Bellier, Edwige
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norge.
    Hesthagen, Trygve
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norge.
    Jensen, Arne J.
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norge.
    Hessen, Dag O.
    Department of Biology, CEES, University of Oslo, Norge.
    Foldvik, Anders
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Trondheim, Norge.
    Competitive exclusion along climate gradients: energy efficiency influences the distribution of two salmonid fishes2011In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 1703-1711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We tested the importance of thermal adaptations and energy efficiency in relation to the geographical distribution of two competing freshwater salmonid fish species. Presence–absence data for Arctic char and brown trout were obtained from 1502 Norwegian lakes embracing both temperature and productivity gradients. The distributions were contrasted with laboratory-derived temperature scaling models for food consumption, growth and energy efficiency. Thermal performances of the two species were almost identical. However, Arctic char exhibited double the growth efficiency (per unit of food) and appear to have out-competed brown trout from cold, low-productivity lakes, perhaps by scramble competition. Brown trout, for which previous reports have shown to be aggressive and dominant, have likely excluded the more energy-efficient Arctic char from relatively warm, productive lakes, perhaps by contest competition. Competitive interaction changing in outcome with lake productivity, rather than thermal performance, is likely a major determinant of the range distribution of the two species. Our study highlights the need for more focus on choice of relevant ecophysiological traits in ecological climate impact studies and species distribution modelling.

  • 2.
    Kattge, Jens
    et al.
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Boenisch, Gerhard
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Diaz, Sandra
    Univ Nacl Cordoba, Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Multidisciplinario Biol Vegetal IMBIV, Cordoba, Argentina.;Univ Nacl Cordoba, Fac Ciencias Exactas Fis & Nat, Cordoba, Argentina..
    Lavorel, Sandra
    Univ Savoie Mt Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, LECA, Grenoble, France..
    Prentice, Iain Colin
    Imperial Coll, London, England..
    Leadley, Paul
    Univ Paris Saclay, Univ Paris Sud, Ecol Systemat Evolut, CNRS,AgroParisTech, Orsay, France..
    Tautenhahn, Susanne
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Werner, Gijsbert D. A.
    Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Oxford, England.;Univ Oxford, Balliol Coll, Oxford, England..
    Aakala, Tuomas
    Univ Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland..
    Abedi, Mehdi
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Range Management, Fac Nat Resources & Marine Sci, Noor, Iran..
    Acosta, Alicia T. R.
    Univ Roma Tre, Rome, Italy..
    Adamidis, George C.
    Univ Aegean, Dept Environm, Biodivers Conservat Lab, Mitilini, Greece.;Univ Bern, Inst Ecol & Evolut, Bern, Switzerland..
    Adamson, Kairi
    Univ Tartu, Tartu Observ, Tartumaa, Estonia..
    Aiba, Masahiro
    Tohoku Univ, Grad Sch Life Sci, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan..
    Albert, Cecile H.
    Univ Avignon, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,IMBE, Marseille, France..
    Alcantara, Julio M.
    Univ Jaen, Jaen, Spain..
    Alcazar, Carolina C.
    Inst Alexander Von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia..
    Aleixo, Izabela
    Natl Inst Amazonian Res INPA, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil..
    Ali, Hamada
    Suez Canal Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Ismailia, Egypt..
    Amiaud, Bernard
    Univ Lorraine, Lorraine, France..
    Ammer, Christian
    Univ Gottingen, Forest Sci, Gottingen, Germany.;Univ Gottingen, Ctr Biodivers & Sustainable Land Use, Gottingen, Germany..
    Amoroso, Mariano M.
    Univ Nacl Rio Negro, Inst Invest Recursos Nat Agroecol & Desarrollo Ru, El Bolson, Argentina.;Conicet Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina..
    Anand, Madhur
    Univ Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada..
    Anderson, Carolyn
    Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Richland, WA 99352 USA.;Univ Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 USA..
    Anten, Niels
    Wageningen Univ, Ctr Crop Syst Anal, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Antos, Joseph
    Univ Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada..
    Apgaua, Deborah Mattos Guimaraes
    James Cook Univ, Coll Sci & Engn, Smithfield, Qld, Australia..
    Ashman, Tia-Lynn
    Univ Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA USA..
    Asmara, Degi Harja
    Univ Laval, Inst Integrat Syst Biol, Ctr Forest Res, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Asner, Gregory P.
    Arizona State Univ, Tempe, AZ USA..
    Aspinwall, Michael
    Univ North Florida, Dept Biol, Jacksonville, FL USA..
    Atkin, Owen
    Australian Natl Univ, ARC Ctr Excellence Plant Energy Biol, Acton, ACT, Australia..
    Aubin, Isabelle
    Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Great Lakes Forestry Ctr, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada..
    Baastrup-Spohr, Lars
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Bahalkeh, Khadijeh
    Tarbiat Modares Univ, Dept Range Management, Fac Nat Resources & Marine Sci, Noor, Iran..
    Bahn, Michael
    Univ Innsbruck, Dept Ecol, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Baker, Timothy
    Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Baker, William J.
    Royal Bot Gardens Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England..
    Bakker, Jan P.
    Univ Groningen, Groningen Inst Evolutionary Life Sci GELIFES, Conservat Ecol, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Baldocchi, Dennis
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Baltzer, Jennifer
    Wilfrid Laurier Univ, Dept Biol, Waterloo, ON, Canada..
    Banerjee, Arindam
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Forest Resources, St Paul, MN USA..
    Baranger, Anne
    AgroParisTech, Paris, France..
    Barlow, Jos
    Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster, England..
    Barneche, Diego R.
    Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Penryn, England..
    Baruch, Zdravko
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Bastianelli, Denis
    CIRAD, UMR SELMET, Montpellier, France.;Univ Montpellier, INRA, CIRAD, SELMET, Montpellier Supagro, France..
    Battles, John
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Bauerle, William
    Colorado State Univ, Dept Hort & Landscape Architecture, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA..
    Bauters, Marijn
    Univ Ghent, Dept Green Chem & Technol, Ghent, Belgium.;Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Ghent, Belgium..
    Bazzato, Erika
    Univ Cagliari, Bot Div, Dept Life & Environm Sci, Cagliari, Italy..
    Beckmann, Michael
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany..
    Beeckman, Hans
    Royal Museum Cent Africa, Tervuren, Belgium..
    Beierkuhnlein, Carl
    Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Bekker, Renee
    Univ Groningen, GIA, Groningen, Netherlands..
    Belfry, Gavin
    Univ Tennessee, Dept Biol Sci, Knoxville, TN USA.;Rocky Mt Biol Labs, Crested Butte, CO USA..
    Belluau, Michael
    Univ Quebec, Dept Sci, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Beloiu, Mirela
    Univ Bayreuth, Dept Biogeog, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Benavides, Raquel
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Benomar, Lahcen
    Univ Laval, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Berdugo-Lattke, Mary Lee
    Univ Nacl Colombia, Inst Ciencias Nat, Bogota, Colombia.;Fdn Nat, Bogota, Colombia..
    Berenguer, Erika
    Univ Oxford, Environm Change Inst, Oxford, England..
    Bergamin, Rodrigo
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Programa Posgrad Bot, Lab Estudos Vegetacao Campestre LEVCamp, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Bergmann, Joana
    Free Univ Berlin, Inst Biol, Berlin, Germany.;Berlin Brandenburg Inst Adv Biodivers Res BBIB, Berlin, Germany..
    Carlucci, Marcos Bergmann
    Univ Fed Parana, Dept Bot, Lab Ecol Func Comunidades LABEF, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil..
    Berner, Logan
    No Arizona Univ, Sch Informat Comp & Cyber Syst, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA..
    Bernhardt-Roemermann, Markus
    Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Ecol & Evolut, Jena, Germany..
    Bigler, Christof
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Bjorkman, Anne D.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Blackman, Chris
    Univ Clermont Auvergne, INRA, PIAF, Clermont Ferrand, France..
    Blanco, Carolina
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Blonder, Benjamin
    Rocky Mt Biol Labs, Crested Butte, CO USA.;Arizona State Univ, Sch Life Sci, Tempe, AZ USA..
    Blumenthal, Dana
    USDA ARS, Rangeland Resources & Syst Res Unit, Ft Collins, CO 80522 USA..
    Bocanegra-Gonzalez, Kelly T.
    Univ Tolima, Grp Invest Biodiversidad & Dinam Ecosistemas Trop, Ibague, Colombia..
    Boeckx, Pascal
    Univ Ghent, Isotope Biosci Lab ISOFYS, Ghent, Belgium..
    Bohlman, Stephanie
    Univ Florida, Sch Forest Resources & Conservat, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA..
    Boehning-Gaese, Katrin
    Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany.;Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Dept Biol Sci, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Boisvert-Marsh, Laura
    Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Great Lakes Forestry Ctr, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada..
    Bond, William
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa.;SAEON Fynbos Node, Claremont, South Africa..
    Bond-Lamberty, Ben
    Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, College Pk, MD USA..
    Boom, Arnoud
    Univ Leicester, Sch Geog Geol & Environm, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Boonman, Coline C. F.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Inst Water & Wetland Res, Dept Environm Sci, Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Bordin, Kauane
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Lab Ecol Vegetal LEVEG, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Boughton, Elizabeth H.
    Archbold Biol Stn Buck Isl Ranch, Lake Placid, NY USA..
    Boukili, Vanessa
    Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT USA..
    Bowman, David M. J. S.
    Univ Tasmania, Hobart, Tas, Australia..
    Bravo, Sandra
    Univ Nacl Santiago del Estero, Fac Ciencias Forestales, Santiago Del Estero, Argentina..
    Brendel, Marco Richard
    Univ Hohenheim, Inst Landscape & Plant Ecol, Stuttgart, Germany..
    Broadley, Martin R.
    Univ Nottingham, Sch Geog, Nottingham, England..
    Brown, Kerry A.
    Kingston Univ, Dept Geog & Geol, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey, England..
    Bruelheide, Helge
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, Halle, Germany..
    Brumnich, Federico
    Conicet Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Univ Nacl Litoral FICH UNL, Fac Ingn & Ciencias Hidr, Santa Fe, Argentina..
    Bruun, Hans Henrik
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Bruy, David
    Univ Montpellier, INRA, CNRS, AMAP,CIRAD,IRD, Montpellier, France.;Herbier Nouvelle Caledonie, IRD, AMAP, Noumea, New Caledonia..
    Buchanan, Serra W.
    Univ Toronto, Scarborough, ON, Canada..
    Bucher, Solveig Franziska
    Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Jena, Germany..
    Buchmann, Nina
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Buitenwerf, Robert
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Ctr Biodivers Dynam Changing World BIOCHANGE, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Bunker, Daniel E.
    New Jersey Inst Technol, Newark, NJ 07102 USA..
    Buerger, Jana
    Univ Rostock, Fac Agr & Environm Sci, Rostock, Germany..
    Burrascano, Sabina
    Sapienza Univ Rome, Rome, Italy..
    Burslem, David F. R. P.
    Univ Aberdeen, Sch Biol Sci, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Butterfield, Bradley J.
    No Arizona Univ, Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Soc, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA..
    Byun, Chaeho
    Yonsei Univ, Sch Civil & Environm Engn, Seoul, South Korea..
    Marques, Marcia
    UFPR Fed Univ Parana, Dept Bot, SCB, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil..
    Scalon, Marina C.
    Univ Fed Parana, Ctr Politecn, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil..
    Caccianiga, Marco
    Univ Milan, Dipartimento Biosci, Milan, Italy..
    Cadotte, Marc
    Univ Toronto, Scarborough, ON, Canada..
    Cailleret, Maxime
    Aix Marseille Univ, IRSTEA Aix En Provence, UMR RECOVER, Aix En Provence, France.;Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Zurich, Switzerland.;Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland..
    Camac, James
    Univ Melbourne, Ctr Excellence Bioscur Risk Anal, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Julio Camarero, Jesus
    CSIC, IPE, Zaragoza, Spain..
    Campany, Courtney
    Colgate Univ, Hamilton, NY 13346 USA..
    Campetella, Giandiego
    Univ Camerino, Sch Biosci & Vet Med, Plant Div & Ecosyst Management Unit, Camerino, Italy..
    Campos, Juan Antonio
    Univ Basque Country, UPV EHU, Dept Plant Biol & Ecol, Bilbao, Spain..
    Cano-Arboleda, Laura
    Fdn Nat, Bogota, Colombia.;Univ Nacl Colombia, Dept Geociencias & Medio Ambiente, Medellin, Colombia..
    Canullo, Roberto
    Univ Camerino, Sch Biosci & Vet Med, Plant Div & Ecosyst Management Unit, Camerino, Italy..
    Carbognani, Michele
    Univ Parma, Dept Chem Life Sci & Environm Sustainabil, Parma, Italy..
    Carvalho, Fabio
    Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster, England..
    Casanoves, Fernando
    CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica..
    Castagneyrol, Bastien
    Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, INRAE, Cestas, France..
    Catford, Jane A.
    Kings Coll London, Dept Geog, London, England..
    Cavender-Bares, Jeannine
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA..
    Cerabolini, Bruno E. L.
    Univ Insubria, Dept Biotechnol & Life Sci, Varese, Italy..
    Cervellini, Marco
    Univ Camerino, Sch Biosci & Vet Med, Plant Div & Ecosyst Management Unit, Camerino, Italy.;Univ Bologna, Alma Mater Studiorum, Dept Biol Geol & Environm Sci, BIGEA, Bologna, Italy..
    Chacon-Madrigal, Eduardo
    Univ Costa Rica, Escuela Biol, San Jose, Costa Rica..
    Chapin, Kenneth
    Univ Arizona, Tucson, AZ USA..
    Chapin, F. Stuart
    Univ Alaska Fairbanks, Inst Arctic Biol, Fairbanks, AK USA..
    Chelli, Stefano
    Univ Camerino, Sch Biosci & Vet Med, Plant Div & Ecosyst Management Unit, Camerino, Italy..
    Chen, Si-Chong
    Royal Bot Gardens, Richmond, W Sussex, England..
    Chen, Anping
    Colorado State Univ, Dept Biol, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA..
    Cherubini, Paolo
    WSL Swiss Fed Res Inst, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.;Univ British Columbia, Fac Forestry, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Chianucci, Francesco
    CREA Res Ctr Forestry & Wood, Arezzo, Italy..
    Choat, Brendan
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Chung, Kyong-Sook
    Jungwon Univ, Goesan, Chungbuk, South Korea..
    Chytry, Milan
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Ciccarelli, Daniela
    Univ Pisa, Dept Biol, Pisa, Italy..
    Coll, Lluis
    Univ Lleida, Dept Agr & Forest Engn EAGROF, Lleida, Spain.;CTFC AGROTECNIO, Joint Res Unit, Solsona, Spain..
    Collins, Courtney G.
    Univ Calif Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521 USA..
    Conti, Luisa
    Univ Life Sci Prague, Fac Environm Sci, Prague, Czech Republic.;Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Trebon, Czech Republic..
    Coomes, David
    Univ Cambridge, Dept Plant Sci, Cambridge, England..
    Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.
    Vrije Univ, Dept Ecol Sci, Syst Ecol, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Cornwell, William K.
    UNSW Sydney, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Corona, Piermaria
    CREA Res Ctr Forestry & Wood, Arezzo, Italy..
    Coyea, Marie
    Univ Laval, Fac Foresterie Geog & Geomat, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Craine, Joseph
    Jonah Ventures, Boulder, CO USA..
    Craven, Dylan
    Univ Mayor, Ctr Modelac & Monitoreo Ecosistemas, Santiago, Chile..
    Cromsigt, Joris P. G. M.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, Umea, Sweden.;Nelson Mandela Univ, Dept Zool, Ctr African Conservat Ecol, Port Elizabeth, South Africa..
    Csecserits, Aniko
    MTA Ctr Ecol Res, Tihany, Hungary..
    Cufar, Katarina
    Univ Ljubljana, Biotech Fac, Ljubljana, Slovenia..
    Cuntz, Matthias
    Univ Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRAE, UMR Silva, Nancy, France..
    da Silva, Ana Carolina
    Santa Catarina State Univ, Lages, SC, Brazil..
    Dahlin, Kyla M.
    Michigan State Univ, Dept Geog Environm & Spatial Sci, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA..
    Dainese, Matteo
    Eurac Res, Inst Alpine Environm, Bozen Bolzano, Italy..
    Dalke, Igor
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Komi Sci Ctr, Inst Biol, Syktyvkar, Russia..
    Dalle Fratte, Michele
    Univ Insubria, Dept Biotechnol & Life Sci, Varese, Italy..
    Dang-Le, Anh Tuan
    Danihelka, Jiri
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic.;Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Trebon, Czech Republic..
    Dannoura, Masako
    Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Agr, Kyoto, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Global Environm Studies, Kyoto, Japan..
    Dawson, Samantha
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Swedish Species Informat Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden..
    de Beer, Arend Jacobus
    Univ Pretoria, Dept Plant & Soil Sci, Pretoria, South Africa..
    De Frutos, Angel
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany..
    De Long, Jonathan R.
    Netherlands Inst Ecol, Dept Terr Ecol, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Dechant, Benjamin
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Computat Landscape Ecol, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Computat Hydrosyst, Leipzig, Germany.;Seoul Natl Univ, Dept Landscape Architecture & Rural Syst Engn, Seoul, South Korea..
    Delagrange, Sylvain
    Inst Temperate Forest Sci ISFORT, Ripon, PQ, Canada.;UQO, Dept Nat Sci, Ripon, PQ, Canada..
    Delpierre, Nicolas
    Univ Paris Saclay, Univ Paris Sud, Ecol Systemat Evolut, CNRS,AgroParisTech, Orsay, France..
    Derroire, Geraldine
    Univ Guyane, Univ Antilles, CNRS, INRA,UMR EcoFoG,Agroparistech,Cirad, Kourou, French Guiana..
    Dias, Arildo S.
    Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Phys Geog, Biogeog & Biodivers Lab, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Diaz-Toribio, Milton Hugo
    Univ Florida, Dept Biol, Gainesville, FL USA..
    Dimitrakopoulos, Panayiotis G.
    Univ Aegean, Dept Environm, Biodivers Conservat Lab, Mitilini, Greece..
    Dobrowolski, Mark
    Iluka Resources, Perth, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Doktor, Daniel
    UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Leipzig, Germany..
    Drevojan, Pavel
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Dong, Ning
    Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Dransfield, John
    Royal Bot Gardens Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England..
    Dressler, Stefan
    Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Bot & Mol Evolut, Frankfurt, Germany.;Nat Hist Museum, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Duarte, Leandro
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Ducouret, Emilie
    Univ Guyane, Univ Antilles, CNRS, INRA,UMR EcoFoG,Agroparistech,Cirad, Kourou, French Guiana..
    Dullinger, Stefan
    Univ Vienna, Dept Bot & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria..
    Durka, Walter
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Halle, Germany..
    Duursma, Remko
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Dymova, Olga
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Komi Sci Ctr, Inst Biol, Syktyvkar, Russia..
    E-Vojtko, Anna
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Trebon, Czech Republic.;Univ South Bohemia, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic..
    Eckstein, Rolf Lutz
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Ejtehadi, Hamid
    Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Quantitat Plant Ecol & Biodivers Res Lab, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran..
    Elser, James
    Univ Montana, Flathead Lake Biol Stn, Polson, MT 59860 USA.;Arizona State Univ, Sch Sustainabil, Tempe, AZ USA..
    Emilio, Thaise
    Univ Campinas UNICAMP, PNPD, Programa Pos Grad Ecol, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP, Brazil..
    Engemann, Kristine
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Erfanian, Mohammad Bagher
    Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Quantitat Plant Ecol & Biodivers Res Lab, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran..
    Erfmeier, Alexandra
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Kiel, Inst Ecosyst Res Geobot, Kiel, Germany..
    Esquivel-Muelbert, Adriane
    Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.;Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Esser, Gerd
    Justus Liebig Univ, Inst Plant Ecol, Giessen, Germany..
    Estiarte, Marc
    CSIC, Spanish Natl Res Council, Catalonia, Spain.;CREAF, Catalonia, Spain..
    Domingues, Tomas F.
    Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol FFCLRP, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil..
    Fagan, William F.
    Univ Maryland, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Fagundez, Jaime
    Univ A Coruna, Campus Zapateira, La Coruna, Spain..
    Falster, Daniel S.
    UNSW Sydney, Evolut & Ecol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;UNSW Sydney, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Fan, Ying
    Rutgers State Univ, Piscataway, NJ USA..
    Fang, Jingyun
    Peking Univ, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Farris, Emmanuele
    Univ Sassari, Dept Chem & Pharm, Sassari, Italy..
    Fazlioglu, Fatih
    Ordu Univ, Fac Arts & Sci, Mol Biol & Genet, Ordu, Turkey..
    Feng, Yanhao
    Lanzhou Univ, Coll Pastoral Agr Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Grassland Agroecosyst, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China..
    Fernandez-Mendez, Fernando
    Univ Tolima, Grp Invest Biodiversidad & Dinam Ecosistemas Trop, Ibague, Colombia.;Univ Tolima, Ctr Forestal Trop Bajo Calima, Buenaventura, Colombia..
    Ferrara, Carlotta
    CREA Res Ctr Forestry & Wood, Arezzo, Italy..
    Ferreira, Joice
    Embrapa Amazonia Oriental, Belem, Para, Brazil..
    Fidelis, Alessandra
    Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Lab Vegetat Ecol, Inst Biociencias, Rio Claro, Brazil..
    Finegan, Bryan
    CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica..
    Firn, Jennifer
    Queensland Univ Technol, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Flowers, Timothy J.
    Univ Sussex, Sch Life Sci, Brighton, E Sussex, England..
    Flynn, Dan F. B.
    Harvard Univ, Arnold Arboretum, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    Fontana, Veronika
    Eurac Res, Inst Alpine Environm, Bozen Bolzano, Italy..
    Forey, Estelle
    Univ Rouen, Normandie Univ, Lab ECODIV URA, IRSTEA EA 1293,UFR ST, Mont St Aignan, France..
    Forgiarini, Cristiane
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Bot, Biosci Inst, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Francois, Louis
    Univ Liege, Unit Res SPHERES, Liege, Belgium..
    Frangipani, Marcelo
    Univ Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.;Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Frank, Dorothea
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Frenette-Dussault, Cedric
    Geopole Univ Sherbrooke, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Freschet, Gregoire T.
    Paul Sabatier Univ Toulouse, CNRS, Theoret & Expt Ecol Stn, Moulis, France..
    Fry, Ellen L.
    Univ Manchester, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Fyllas, Nikolaos M.
    Univ Aegean, Dept Environm, Biodivers Conservat Lab, Mitilini, Greece..
    Mazzochini, Guilherme G.
    Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Plant Biol, Campinas, SP, Brazil..
    Gachet, Sophie
    Univ Avignon, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,IMBE, Marseille, France..
    Gallagher, Rachael
    Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Ganade, Gislene
    Univ Fed Rio Grande Norte UFRN, Natal, RN, Brazil..
    Ganga, Francesca
    Univ Cagliari, Bot Div, Dept Life & Environm Sci, Cagliari, Italy..
    Garcia-Palacios, Pablo
    Univ Rey Juan Carlos, Dept Biol & Geol, Fis & Quim Inorgan & Analit, Mostoles, Spain..
    Gargaglione, Veronica
    Univ Nacl Patagonia Austral, Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Nacl Tecnol Agropecuaria, Rio Gallegos, Argentina..
    Garnier, Eric
    Univ Montpellier 3, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE,IRD,CEFE,UMR 5175, Montpellier, France..
    Luis Garrido, Jose
    CSIC, Estn Expt Zaidin, Granada, Spain.;CSIC, Estn Biol Donana, Seville, Spain..
    Luis de Gasper, Andre
    Univ Reg Blumenau, Blumenau, SC, Brazil..
    Gea-Izquierdo, Guillermo
    INIA CIFOR, Madrid, Spain..
    Gibson, David
    Southern Illinois Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA..
    Gillison, Andrew N.
    Ctr Biodivers Management, Yungaburra, Qld, Australia..
    Giroldo, Aelton
    Inst Fed Educ Ciencia & Tecnol ceara, Crateus, Brazil..
    Glasenhardt, Mary-Claire
    Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL USA..
    Gleason, Sean
    ARS, Water Management & Syst Res Unit, USDA, Ft Collins, CO USA..
    Gliesch, Mariana
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Integrat Biol, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Goldberg, Emma
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, 318 Church St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA..
    Goeldel, Bastian
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Gonzalez-Akre, Erika
    Smithsonian Conservat Biol Inst, Front Royal, VA USA..
    Gonzalez-Andujar, Jose L.
    CSIC, IAS, Cordoba, Spain..
    Gonzalez-Melo, Andres
    Univ Rosario, Fac Ciencias Nat & Matemat, Bogota, Colombia..
    Gonzalez-Robles, Ana
    Univ Jaen, Dept Biol Anim Biol Vegetal & Ecol, Jaen, Spain..
    Graae, Bente Jessen
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Trondheim, Norway..
    Granda, Elena
    Univ Alcala De Henares, Dept Life Sci, Alcala De Henares, Spain..
    Graves, Sarah
    Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL USA..
    Green, Walton A.
    Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA..
    Gregor, Thomas
    Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Bot & Mol Evolut, Frankfurt, Germany.;Nat Hist Museum, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Gross, Nicolas
    INRA, UCA, VetAgro Sup, UMR Ecosyst Prairial, Clermont Ferrand, France.;Univ Rey Juan Carlos, Escuela Super Ciencias Expt & Tecnol, Dept Biol & Geol, Fis & Quim Inorgan, Mostoles, Spain..
    Guerin, Greg R.
    Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Adelaide, SA, Australia..
    Guenther, Angela
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Gutierrez, Alvaro G.
    Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Ciencias Ambientales & Recursos Nat Renovabl, Santiago, Chile..
    Haddock, Lillie
    Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Joint Global Change Res Inst, College Pk, MD USA..
    Haines, Anna
    Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Hall, Jefferson
    Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Ancon, Panama..
    Hambuckers, Alain
    Univ Liege, Unit Res SPHERES, Liege, Belgium..
    Han, Wenxuan
    China Agr Univ, Coll Resources & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.;Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Inst Ecol & Geog, Urumqi, Peoples R China.;Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecol & Environm Cent Asia, Urumqi, Peoples R China..
    Harrison, Sandy P.
    Univ Reading, Reading, Berks, England..
    Hattingh, Wesley
    Univ Witwatersrand, Sch Anim Plant & Environm Sci, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Hawes, Joseph E.
    Anglia Ruskin Univ, Sch Life Sci, Appl Ecol Res Grp, Cambridge, England.;Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management, As, Norway..
    He, Tianhua
    Curtin Univ, Sch Mol & Life Sci, Perth, WA, Australia.;Murdoch Univ, Coll Sci Hlth Engn & Educ, Murdoch, WA, Australia..
    He, Pengcheng
    Chinese Acad Sci, South China Bot Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Heberling, Jacob Mason
    Carnegie Museum Nat Hist, Pittsburgh, PA USA..
    Helm, Aveliina
    Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, Tartu, Estonia..
    Hempel, Stefan
    Free Univ Berlin, Inst Biol, Berlin, Germany.;Berlin Brandenburg Inst Adv Biodivers Res BBIB, Berlin, Germany..
    Hentschel, Joern
    Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Herbarium Haussknecht, Jena, Germany..
    Herault, Bruno
    Univ Montpellier, Cirad, Montpellier, France.;INP HB, Inst Natl Polytehcn Felix Houphouet Boigny, Yamoussoukro, Cote Ivoire..
    Heres, Ana-Maria
    Transilvania Univ Brasov, Dept Forest Sci, Brasov, Romania.;Univ Basque Country, BC3, Sci Campus, Leioa, Spain. Goethe Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Herz, Katharina
    Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Inst Biol Geobot & Bot Garden, Halle, Germany..
    Heuertz, Myriam
    Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, INRAE, Cestas, France..
    Hickler, Thomas
    Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany.;Univ Jaen, Dept Biol Anim Biol Vegetal & Ecol, Jaen, Spain.;World Agroforestry ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Hietz, Peter
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci, Inst Bot, Vienna, Austria..
    Higuchi, Pedro
    Santa Catarina State Univ, Lages, SC, Brazil..
    Hipp, Andrew L.
    Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL USA.;Field Museum, Chicago, IL USA..
    Hirons, Andrew
    Univ Ctr Myerscough, Preston, Lancs, England..
    Hock, Maria
    Univ Kiel, Inst Ecosyst Res Geobot, Kiel, Germany..
    Hogan, James Aaron
    Florida Int Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Miami, FL 33199 USA.;US DOE, Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Holl, Karen
    Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA..
    Honnay, Olivier
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Biol, Plant Conservat & Populat Biol, Leuven, Belgium.;Div Ecol Evolut & Biodivers Conservat, Heverlee, Belgium..
    Hornstein, Daniel
    Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Hou, Enqing
    Chinese Acad Sci, South China Bot Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Hough-Snee, Nate
    Four Peaks Environm Sci & Data Solut, Wenatchee, WA USA..
    Hovstad, Knut Anders
    Norwegian Inst Bioecon Res NIBIO, Dept Landscape & Biodivers, As, Norway..
    Ichie, Tomoaki
    Kochi Univ, Nankoku, Kochi, Japan..
    Igic, Boris
    Univ Illinois, Chicago, IL USA..
    Illa, Estela
    Univ Barcelona, Biodivers Res Inst IRBio, Dept Evolutionary Biol Ecol & Environm Sci, Barcelona, Spain..
    Isaac, Marney
    Univ Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Ishihara, Masae
    Kyoto Univ, Field Sci Educ & Res Ctr, Ashiu Forest Res Stn, Kyoto, Japan..
    Ivanov, Leonid
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Inst Bot Garden, Ekaterinburg, Russia.;Tyumen State Univ, Tyumen, Russia..
    Ivanova, Larissa
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Inst Bot Garden, Ekaterinburg, Russia.;Tyumen State Univ, Tyumen, Russia..
    Iversen, Colleen M.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Izquierdo, Jordi
    Univ Politecn Cataluna, Barcelona Sch Agr Engn, Catalonia, Spain..
    Jackson, Robert B.
    Stanford Univ, Earth Syst Sci Dept, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Jackson, Benjamin
    Univ Edinburgh, Global Acad Agr & Food Secur, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Jactel, Herve
    Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, INRAE, Cestas, France..
    Jagodzinski, Andrzej M.
    Polish Acad Sci, Inst Dendrol, Kornik, Poland.;Poznan Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry, Dept Game Management & Forest Protect, Poznan, Poland..
    Jandt, Ute
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Geobot & Bot Garden, Halle, Germany..
    Jansen, Steven
    Ulm Univ, Inst Systemat Bot & Ecol, Ulm, Germany..
    Jenkins, Thomas
    Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Oxford, England.;Rocky Mt Biol Labs, Crested Butte, CO USA..
    Jentsch, Anke
    Univ Bayreuth, Dept Disturbance Ecol, BayCEER, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Jespersen, Jens Rasmus Plantener
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Frederiksberg C, Denmark..
    Jiang, Guo-Feng
    Guangxi Univ, Guangxi Key Lab Forest Ecol & Conservat, Plant Ecophysiol & Evolut Grp, Coll Forestry, Nanning, Guangxi, Peoples R China.;Guangxi Univ, State Key Lab Conservat & Utilizat Subtrop Agrobi, Nanning, Peoples R China..
    Johansen, Jesper Liengaard
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Terr Ecol Sect, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Johnson, David
    Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Jokela, Eric J.
    Univ Florida, Sch Forest Resources & Conservat, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA..
    Joly, Carlos Alfredo
    State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brazil..
    Jordan, Gregory J.
    Univ Tasmania, Biol Sci, Hobart, Tas, Australia..
    Joseph, Grant Stuart
    Univ Venda, Sch Math & Nat Sci, Dept Zool, Thohoyandou, South Africa.;Univ Cape Town, Percy Fitzpatrick Inst African Ornithol, DST NRF Ctr Excellence, Dept Biol Sci, Rondebosch, South Africa..
    Junaedi, Decky
    Indonesian Inst Sci LIPI, Cibodas Bot Garden, Cipanas, Indonesia.;Univ Melbourne, Sch Biosci, CEBRA, Parkville, Vic, Australia..
    Junker, Robert R.
    Philipps Univ Marburg, Dept Biol, Evolutionary Ecol Plants, Marburg, Germany.;Univ Salzburg, Dept Biosci, Salzburg, Austria..
    Justes, Eric
    CIRAD, PERSYST Dept, Montpellier 5, France..
    Kabzems, Richard
    BC Minist Forest Lands Nat Resource Operat & Rura, Dawson Creek, BC, Canada..
    Kane, Jeffrey
    Humboldt State Univ, Arcata, CA 95521 USA..
    Kaplan, Zdenek
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Pruhonice, Czech Republic.;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Dept Bot, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Kattenborn, Teja
    Karlsruhe Inst Technol, Inst Geog & Geoecol, Karlsruhe, Germany..
    Kavelenova, Lyudmila
    Samara Natl Res Univ, Samara, Russia..
    Kearsley, Elizabeth
    Univ Ghent, CAVElab Computat & Appl Vegetat Ecol, Ghent, Belgium..
    Kempel, Anne
    Inst Plant Sci, Bern, Switzerland..
    Kenzo, Tanaka
    Forestry & Forest Prod Res Inst, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Kerkhoff, Andrew
    Kenyon Coll, Gambier, OH 43022 USA..
    Khalil, Mohammed I.
    Univ Garmian, Dept Biol, Kalar, Iraq.;Southern Illinois Univ, Sch Biol Sci, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.;Southern Illinois Univ, Ctr Ecol, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA..
    Kinlock, Nicole L.
    SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Ecol & Evolut, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA..
    Kissling, Wilm Daniel
    Univ Amsterdam, IBED, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Kitajima, Kaoru
    Kyoto Univ, Grad Sch Agr, Kyoto, Japan.;Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL USA.;Curtin Univ, Sch Mol & Life Sci, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Kitzberger, Thomas
    Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Invest Biodiversidad & Medioambiente INIBIOM, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina.;Univ Nacl Comahue, Dept Ecol, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina..
    Kjoller, Rasmus
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Klein, Tamir
    Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Plant & Environm Sci, Rehovot, Israel..
    Kleyer, Michael
    Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Landscape Ecol Grp, Oldenburg, Germany..
    Klimesova, Jitka
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Trebon, Czech Republic.;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Klipel, Joice
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Lab Ecol Vegetal LEVEG, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Kloeppel, Brian
    Western Carolina Univ, Dept Geosci & Nat Resources, Cullowhee, NC 28723 USA..
    Klotz, Stefan
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Community Ecol, Halle, Saale, Germany..
    Knops, Johannes M. H.
    Xian Jiaotong Liverpool Univ, Hlth & Environm Sci, Suzhou, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Kohyama, Takashi
    Hokkaido Univ, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan..
    Koike, Fumito
    Yokohama Natl Univ, Grad Sch Environm & Informat Sci, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Kollmann, Johannes
    Tech Univ Munich, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany..
    Komac, Benjamin
    Inst Estudis Andorrans, St Julia De Loria, Andorra..
    Komatsu, Kimberly
    Smithsonian Environm Res Ctr, POB 28, Edgewater, MD 21037 USA..
    Koenig, Christian
    Humboldt Univ, Dept Geog, Berlin, Germany.;Univ Goettingen, Biodivers Macroecol & Biogeog, Gottingen, Germany..
    Kraft, Nathan J. B.
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Los Angeles, CA USA..
    Kramer, Koen
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen, Netherlands.;Land Life Co, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Kreft, Holger
    Univ Goettingen, Biodivers Macroecol & Biogeog, Gottingen, Germany.;Univ Goettingen, Ctr Biodivers & Sustainable Land Use CBL, Gottingen, Germany..
    Kuehn, Ingolf
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Halle, Germany.;Martin Luther Univ Halle Wittenberg, Halle, Germany..
    Kumarathunge, Dushan
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Coconut Res Inst Sri Lanka, Plant Physiol Div, Lunuwila, Sri Lanka..
    Kuppler, Jonas
    Ulm Univ, Inst Evolutionary Ecol & Conservat Genom, Ulm, Germany..
    Kurokawa, Hiroko
    Forestry & Forest Prod Res Inst, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Kurosawa, Yoko
    Yamagata Univ, Yamagata, Japan..
    Kuyah, Shem
    Jomo Kenyatta Univ Agr & Technol JKUAT, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Laclau, Jean-Paul
    UMR Eco&Sols, CIRAD, Montpellier, France.;Univ Montpellier, INRA, CIRAD, IRD,SupAgro,Eco&Sols, Montpellier, France..
    Lafleur, Benoit
    Univ Quebec Abitibi Temiscamingue, Inst Rech Forets, Rouyn Noranda, PQ, Canada..
    Lallai, Erik
    Univ Cagliari, Bot Div, Dept Life & Environm Sci, Cagliari, Italy..
    Lamb, Eric
    Univ Saskatchewan, Dept Plant Sci, Saskatoon, SK, Canada..
    Lamprecht, Andrea
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Austrian Acad Sci, Inst Interdisciplinary Mt Res, GLORIA Coordinat, Vienna, Austria.;Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Dept Integrat Biol & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria..
    Larkin, Daniel J.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Fisheries Wildlife & Conservat Biol, St Paul, MN 55108 USA..
    Laughlin, Daniel
    Univ Wyoming, Bot Dept, Laramie, WY 82071 USA..
    Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Yoann
    Univ Avignon, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,IMBE, Marseille, France..
    le Maire, Guerric
    UMR Eco&Sols, CIRAD, Montpellier, France.;Univ Montpellier, INRA, CIRAD, IRD,SupAgro,Eco&Sols, Montpellier, France..
    le Roux, Peter C.
    Univ Pretoria, Dept Plant & Soil Sci, Pretoria, South Africa..
    le Roux, Elizabeth
    Nelson Mandela Univ, Port Elizabeth, South Africa..
    Lee, Tali
    Univ Wisconsin, Eau Claire, WI 54701 USA..
    Lens, Frederic
    Nat Biodivers Ctr, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Lewis, Simon L.
    Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.;UCL, Dept Geog, London, England..
    Lhotsky, Barbara
    Jonah Ventures, Boulder, CO USA..
    Li, Yuanzhi
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
    Li, Xine
    Yangzhou Univ, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, Peoples R China..
    Lichstein, Jeremy W.
    Univ Florida, Dept Biol, Gainesville, FL USA..
    Liebergesell, Mario
    Univ Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany..
    Lim, Jun Ying
    Univ Amsterdam, IBED, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Lin, Yan-Shih
    Macquarie Univ, N Ryde, NSW, Australia..
    Linares, Juan Carlos
    Univ Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain..
    Liu, Chunjiang
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Agr & Biol, Shanghai, Peoples R China.;Natl Forestry & Grassland Adm, Shanghai Urban Forest Ecosyst Res Stn, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Liu, Daijun
    Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham, W Midlands, England..
    Liu, Udayangani
    Royal Bot Gardens, Richmond, W Sussex, England..
    Livingstone, Stuart
    Univ Toronto, Scarborough, ON, Canada..
    Llusia, Joan
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain..
    Lohbeck, Madelon
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Forest Ecol & Forest Management Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands.;World Agroforestry ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya..
    Lopez-Garcia, Alvaro
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Copenhagen, Denmark.;Univ Jaen, Dept Anim Biol Plant Biol & Ecol, Jaen, Spain..
    Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela
    Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Water Leeds, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Lososova, Zdenka
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Louault, Frederique
    INRA, UCA, VetAgro Sup, UMR Ecosyst Prairial, Clermont Ferrand, France..
    Lukacs, Balazs A.
    DRI, MTA Ctr Ecol Res, Dept Tisza River Res, Debrecen, Hungary..
    Lukes, Petr
    Global Change Res Inst AR CR, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Luo, Yunjian
    Yangzhou Univ, Sch Hort & Plant Protect, Dept Ecol, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, Peoples R China.;Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Ecoenvironm Sci, State Key Lab Urban & Reg Ecol, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Lussu, Michele
    Univ Cagliari, Bot Div, Dept Life & Environm Sci, Cagliari, Italy..
    Ma, Siyan
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    Pereira, Camilla Maciel Rabelo
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Univ Quebec Trois Rivieres, Trois Rivieres, PQ, Canada..
    Mack, Michelle
    No Arizona Univ, Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Soc, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA..
    Maire, Vincent
    No Arizona Univ, Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Soc, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA..
    Makela, Annikki
    Univ Helsinki, Inst Atmospher & Earth Syst Res INAR, Helsinki, Finland..
    Makinen, Harri
    Nat Resources Inst Finland, Espoo, Finland..
    Mendes Malhado, Ana Claudia
    Univ Fed Alagoas, Maceio, AL, Brazil..
    Mallik, Azim
    Lakehead Univ, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada..
    Manning, Peter
    Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Manzoni, Stefano
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys Geog, Stockholm, Sweden.;Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Marchetti, Zuleica
    Conicet Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Univ Nacl Litoral FICH UNL, Fac Ingn & Ciencias Hidr, Santa Fe, Argentina..
    Marchino, Luca
    CREA Res Ctr Forestry & Wood, Arezzo, Italy..
    Marcilio-Silva, Vinicius
    Univ Fed Parana, Thunder, PR, Brazil..
    Marcon, Eric
    Univ Guyane, Univ Antilles, CNRS, INRA,UMR EcoFoG,Agroparistech,Cirad, Kourou, French Guiana..
    Marignani, Michela
    Univ Cagliari, Bot Div, Dept Life & Environm Sci, Cagliari, Italy..
    Markesteijn, Lars
    Bangor Univ, Sch Nat Sci, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales..
    Martin, Adam
    Univ Toronto Scarborough, Dept Phys & Environm Sci, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Martinez-Garza, Cristina
    Univ Autonoma Estado Morelos, Ctr Invest Biodiversidad & Conservac, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico..
    Martinez-Vilalta, Jordi
    CREAF, Catalonia, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain..
    Maskova, Tereza
    Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Mason, Kelly
    Lancaster Environm Ctr, Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Lancaster, England..
    Mason, Norman
    Manaaki Whenua Landcare Res, Hamilton, New Zealand..
    Massad, Tara Joy
    Gorongosa Natl Pk, Dept Sci Serv, Beira, Sofala Province, Mozambique..
    Masse, Jacynthe
    Inst Rech Biol Vegetale, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Mayrose, Itay
    Tel Aviv Univ, George S Wise Fac Life Sci, Sch Plant Sci & Food Secur, Tel Aviv, Israel..
    McCarthy, James
    Univ Queensland, Sch Biol Sci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.;CSIRO, Canberra, ACT, Australia.;Manaaki Whenua Landcare Res, Lincoln, New Zealand..
    McCormack, M. Luke
    Morton Arboretum, Ctr Tree Sci, Lisle, IL USA..
    McCulloh, Katherine
    Univ Wisconsin, Dept Bot, Madison, WI USA..
    McFadden, Ian R.
    Univ Milan, Dipartimento Biosci, Milan, Italy.;Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.;Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Los Angeles, CA USA..
    McGill, Brian J.
    Univ Maine, Orono, ME USA..
    McPartland, Mara Y.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Geog Environm & Soc, Minneapolis, MN USA..
    Medeiros, Juliana S.
    Holden Arboretum, Kirtland, OH USA..
    Medlyn, Belinda
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Meerts, Pierre
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium..
    Mehrabi, Zia
    Univ British Columbia, Inst Resources Environm & Sustainabil, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Meir, Patrick
    Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Biol, Canberra, ACT, Australia.;Univ Edinburgh, Sch Geosci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Melo, Felipe P. L.
    Univ Fed Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil..
    Mencuccini, Maurizio
    ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.;CREAF, Barcelona, Spain..
    Meredieu, Celine
    UEFP, INRA, Cestas, France..
    Messier, Julie
    Univ Waterloo, Dept Biol, Waterloo, ON, Canada..
    Meszaros, Ilona
    Univ Debrecen, Fac Sci & Technol, Dept Bot, Debrecen, Hungary..
    Metsaranta, Juha
    Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Northern Forestry Ctr, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Michaletz, Sean T.
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Bot, Vancouver, BC, Canada.;Univ British Columbia, Biodivers Res Ctr, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Michelaki, Chrysanthi
    Univ Aegean, Dept Environm, Biodivers Conservat Lab, Mitilini, Greece..
    Migalina, Svetlana
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Inst Bot Garden, Ekaterinburg, Russia.;Tyumen State Univ, Tyumen, Russia..
    Milla, Ruben
    Tulipan S-N, Mostoles Madrid, Spain..
    Miller, Jesse E. D.
    Stanford Univ, Dept Biol, Stanford, CA 94305 USA..
    Minden, Vanessa
    Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Oldenburg, Germany.;Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Biol, Brussels, Belgium..
    Ming, Ray
    Univ Illinois, Urbana, IL USA..
    Mokany, Karel
    CSIRO, Canberra, ACT, Australia..
    Moles, Angela T.
    UNSW Sydney, Evolut & Ecol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;UNSW Sydney, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Molnar, Attila, V
    Univ Debrecen, Dept Bot, Debrecen, Hungary..
    Molofsky, Jane
    Univ Vermont, Burlington, VT USA..
    Molz, Martin
    Fundacao Zoobot Rio Grande Sul, Porto, Brazil..
    Montgomery, Rebecca A.
    Univ Minnesota, St Paul, MN USA..
    Monty, Arnaud
    Univ Liege, Gembloux Agrobio Tech Biodivers & Landscape, Liege, Belgium..
    Moravcova, Lenka
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Dept Invas Ecol, Pruhonice, Czech Republic..
    Moreno-Martinez, Alvaro
    Univ Montana, Coll Forestry & Conservat, NTSG, Missoula, MT 59812 USA..
    Moretti, Marco
    Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland..
    Mori, Akira S.
    Yokohama Natl Univ, Grad Sch Environm & Informat Sci, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan..
    Mori, Shigeta
    Yamagata Univ, Yamagata, Japan..
    Morris, Dave
    Ontario Minist Nat Resources & Forestry, Ctr Northern Forest Ecosyst Res, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada..
    Morrison, Jane
    Univ Politecn Cataluna, Castelldefels, Spain..
    Mucina, Ladislav
    Murdoch Univ, Harry Butler Inst, Perth, WA, Australia.;Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Geog & Environm Studies, Stellenbosch, South Africa..
    Mueller, Sandra
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol, Geobot, Freiburg, Germany..
    Muir, Christopher D.
    Univ Hawaii, Dept Bot, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA..
    Mueller, Sandra Cristina
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Dept Ecol, Lab Ecol Vegetal, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Munoz, Francois
    Univ Grenoble Alpes, Lab Ecol Alpine, Grenoble 9, France..
    Myers-Smith, Isla H.
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Geosci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Myster, Randall W.
    Oklahoma State Univ, Biol Dept, Oklahoma City, OK USA..
    Nagano, Masahiro
    Osaka City Univ, Osaka, Japan..
    Naidu, Shawna
    Univ Illinois, Urbana, IL USA..
    Narayanan, Ayyappan
    French Inst Pondicherry, Dept Ecol, Pondicherry, India..
    Natesan, Balachandran
    French Inst Pondicherry, Dept Ecol, Pondicherry, India..
    Negoita, Luka
    Charles Darwin Fdn, Charles Darwin Res Stn, Galapagos Verde 2050, Galapagos, Ecuador..
    Nelson, Andrew S.
    Univ Idaho, Forest Rangeland & Fire Sci Dept, Moscow, ID 83843 USA..
    Neuschulz, Eike Lena
    Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Ni, Jian
    Zhejiang Normal Univ, Coll Chem & Life Sci, Jinhua, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Niedrist, Georg
    Eurac Res, Inst Alpine Environm, Bozen Bolzano, Italy..
    Nieto, Jhon
    Inst Invest Recursos Biol Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.;Univ Dist Francisco Jose de Caldas, Bogota, Colombia..
    Niinemets, Ulo
    Estonian Univ Life Sci, Tartu, Estonia..
    Nolan, Rachael
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Nottebrock, Henning
    Univ Bayreuth, Plant Ecol, Bayreuth, Germany..
    Nouvellon, Yann
    UMR Eco&Sols, CIRAD, Montpellier, France.;Univ Montpellier, INRA, CIRAD, IRD,SupAgro,Eco&Sols, Montpellier, France..
    Novakovskiy, Alexander
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Komi Sci Ctr, Inst Biol, Syktyvkar, Russia..
    Nystuen, Kristin Odden
    NORD Univ, Fac Biosci & Aquaculture, Steinkjer, Norway.;Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, NTNU, Dept Biol, Trondheim, Norway..
    O'Grady, Anthony
    CSIRO Land & Water, Hobart, Tas, Australia..
    O'Hara, Kevin
    Univ Calif Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
    O'Reilly-Nugent, Andrew
    Univ Canberra, Inst Appl Ecol, Canberra, ACT, Australia..
    Oakley, Simon
    Lancaster Environm Ctr, Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Lancaster, England..
    Oberhuber, Walter
    Univ Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria..
    Ohtsuka, Toshiyuki
    Gifu Univ, River Basin Res Ctr, Gifu, Gifu, Japan..
    Oliveira, Ricardo
    Univ Fed Parana, Dept Bot, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil..
    Ollerer, Kinga
    Romanian Acad, Inst Biol Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.;MTA Ctr Ecol Res, Inst Ecol & Bot, Vacratot, Hungary..
    Olson, Mark E.
    Inst Biol, Tercer Circuito S-N,Ciudad Univ, Mexico City, DF, Mexico.;Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Coyoacan, Mexico..
    Onipchenko, Vladimir
    Moscow Lomonosov State Univ, Fac Biol, Dept Ecol & Plant Geog, Moscow, Russia..
    Onoda, Yusuke
    Kyoto Univ, Kyoto, Japan..
    Onstein, Renske E.
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany..
    Ordonez, Jenny C.
    Univ Amer, Fac Ingn Agroind, Quito, Ecuador..
    Osada, Noriyuki
    Meijo Univ, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan..
    Ostonen, Ivika
    Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, Tartu, Estonia..
    Ottaviani, Gianluigi
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Trebon, Czech Republic..
    Otto, Sarah
    Univ British Columbia, Dept Zool, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Overbeck, Gerhard E.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Ozinga, Wim A.
    Wageningen Environm Res, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Pahl, Anna T.
    Tech Univ Munich, Restorat Ecol, Munich, Germany..
    Paine, C. E. Timothy
    Univers New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia..
    Pakeman, Robin J.
    James Hutton Inst, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Papageorgiou, Aristotelis C.
    Democritus Univ Thrace, Dept Mol Biol & Genet, Alexandroupolis, Greece..
    Parfionova, Evgeniya
    Samara Natl Res Univ, Samara, Russia..
    Paertel, Meelis
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Patacca, Marco
    Wageningen Univ & Res, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Paula, Susana
    Univ Austral Chile, Inst Ciencias Ambientales & Evolut, Valdivia, Chile..
    Paule, Juraj
    Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Bot & Mol Evolut, Frankfurt, Germany.;Nat Hist Museum, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Pauli, Harald
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Austrian Acad Sci, Inst Interdisciplinary Mt Res, GLORIA Coordinat, Vienna, Austria.;Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Dept Integrat Biol & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria..
    Pausas, Juli G.
    CSIC, Desertificat Res Ctr CIDE, Valencia, Spain..
    Peco, Begona
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, CIBC, Dept Ecol, Madrid, Spain..
    Penuelas, Josep
    CREAF, Catalonia, Spain.;Univ Autonoma Barcelona, CSIC, Global Ecol Unit CREAF, Barcelona, Spain..
    Perea, Antonio
    Univ Jaen, Jaen, Spain..
    Luis Peri, Pablo
    INTA, Rio Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Argentina.;UNPA, CONICET, Rio Gallegos, Argentina..
    Petisco-Souza, Ana Carolina
    Univ Fed Parana, Posgrad Ecol & Conservacao, Curitiba, PR, Brazil..
    Petraglia, Alessandro
    Univ Parma, Dept Chem Life Sci & Environm Sustainabil, Parma, Italy..
    Petritan, Any Mary
    Natl Inst Res Dev Forestry, Voluntari, Romania..
    Phillips, Oliver L.
    Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Pierce, Simon
    Univ Milan, Dept Agr & Environm Sci DiSAA, Milan, Italy..
    Pillar, Valerio D.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Ecol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Pisek, Jan
    Univ Tartu, Tartu Observ, Tartumaa, Estonia..
    Pomogaybin, Alexandr
    Samara Univ, Samara, Russia..
    Poorter, Hendrik
    Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Forschungszentrum Julich, Plant Sci IBG2, Julich, Germany..
    Portsmuth, Angelika
    Tallinn Univ, Inst Ecol, Tallinn, Estonia..
    Poschlod, Peter
    Univ Regensburg, Inst Plant Sci, Ecol & Conservat Biol, Regensburg, Germany..
    Potvin, Catherine
    McGill Univ, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Pounds, Devon
    Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL USA..
    Powell, A. Shafer
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Div Environm Sci, POB 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA.;Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Climate Change Sci Inst, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Power, Sally A.
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Prinzing, Andreas
    Univ Rennes 1, CNRS, Res Unit ECOBIO Ecosyst, Biodiversite,Evolut, Rennes, France..
    Puglielli, Giacomo
    Estonian Univ Life Sci, Tartu, Estonia..
    Pysek, Petr
    Czech Acad Sci, Inst Bot, Dept Invas Ecol, Pruhonice, Czech Republic.;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Sci, Dept Ecol, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Raevel, Valerie
    Univ Montpellier, INRA, CNRS, AMAP,CIRAD,IRD, Montpellier, France.;French Inst Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India.;Univ Montpellier 3, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, CEFE,EPHE, Montpellier, France..
    Rammig, Anja
    Tech Univ Munich, TUM Sch Life Sci Weihenstephan, Freising Weihenstephan, Germany..
    Ransijn, Johannes
    Univ Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Univ Quebec Trois Rivieres, Trois Rivieres, PQ, Canada..
    Ray, Courtenay A.
    Rocky Mt Biol Labs, Crested Butte, CO USA.;Arizona State Univ, Sch Life Sci, Tempe, AZ USA..
    Reich, Peter B.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Forest Resources, St Paul, MN USA.;Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Reichstein, Markus
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Reid, Douglas E. B.
    Ontario Minist Nat Resources & Forestry, Ctr Northern Forest Ecosyst Res, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada..
    Rejou-Mechain, Maxime
    Univ Montpellier, INRA, CNRS, AMAP,CIRAD,IRD, Montpellier, France..
    Resco de Dios, Victor
    Southwest Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Life Sci & Engn, Mianyang, Sichuan, Peoples R China.;Univ Lleida, Dept Crop & Forest Sci, Lleida, Spain.;Univ Lleida, Agrotecnio Ctr, Lleida, Spain..
    Ribeiro, Sabina
    Univ Fed Acre, Rio Branco, AC, Brazil..
    Richardson, Sarah
    Manaaki Whenua Landcare Res, Lincoln, New Zealand..
    Riibak, Kersti
    Univ Tartu, Tartu, Estonia..
    Rillig, Matthias C.
    Berlin Brandenburg Inst Adv Biodivers Res BBIB, Berlin, Germany.;Free Univ Berlin, Berlin, Germany..
    Riviera, Fiamma
    Univ Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia..
    Robert, Elisabeth M. R.
    Ctr Ecol Res & Forestry Applicat CREAF, Cerdanyola Del Valles, Spain.;Vrije Univ Brussel, Ecol & Biodivers, Brussels, Belgium.;RMCA, Lab Wood Biol & Xylarium, Tervuren, Belgium..
    Roberts, Scott
    Mississippi State Univ, Dept Forestry, Starkville, MS USA..
    Robroek, Bjorn
    Univ Southampton, Sch Biol Sci, Southampton, Hants, England.;Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Aquat Ecol & Environm Biol, Nijmegen, Netherlands..
    Roddy, Adam
    Yale Univ, Sch Forestry & Environm Studies, New Haven, CT 06511 USA..
    Rodrigues, Arthur Vinicius
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Rogers, Alistair
    Brookhaven Natl Lab, Environm & Climate Sci Dept, Upton, NY 11973 USA..
    Rollinson, Emily
    East Stroudsburg Univ, Dept Biol Sci, East Stroudsburg, PA USA..
    Rolo, Victor
    Univ Extremadura, INDEHESA, Forest Res Grp, Plasencia, Spain..
    Roemermann, Christine
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Ecol & Evolut, Jena, Germany..
    Ronzhina, Dina
    Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Inst Bot Garden, Ekaterinburg, Russia.;Tyumen State Univ, Tyumen, Russia..
    Roscher, Christiane
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Physiol Divers, Leipzig, Germany..
    Rosell, Julieta A.
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Ecol, Lab Nacl Ciencias Sostenibilidad, Ciudad Univ, Mexico City, DF, Mexico..
    Rosenfield, Milena Fermina
    Univ Guelph, Sch Environm Sci, Guelph, ON, Canada..
    Rossi, Christian
    Univ Zurich, Dept Geog, Remote Sensing Labs, Zurich, Switzerland.;Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Res Unit Community Ecol, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.;Swiss Natl Pk, Dept Res & Geoinformat, Chaste Planta Wildenberg, Zernez, Switzerland..
    Roy, David B.
    CEH, Wallingford, Oxon, England..
    Royer-Tardif, Samuel
    Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Serv, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Rueger, Nadja
    German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Ancon, Panama..
    Ruiz-Peinado, Ricardo
    CIFOR, INIA, Dept Dinam & Gest Forestal, Madrid, Spain.;Univ Valladolid, INIA, Sustainable Forest Management Res Inst, Madrid, Spain..
    Rumpf, Sabine B.
    Univ Vienna, Dept Bot & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria.;Univ Lausanne, Dept Ecol & Evolut, Lausanne, Switzerland..
    Rusch, Graciela M.
    Norwegian Inst Nat Res, Trondheim, Norway..
    Ryo, Masahiro
    Berlin Brandenburg Inst Adv Biodivers Res BBIB, Berlin, Germany.;Free Univ Berlin, Berlin, Germany..
    Sack, Lawren
    Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Los Angeles, CA USA..
    Saldana, Angela
    Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Coyoacan, Mexico..
    Salgado-Negret, Beatriz
    Univ Nacl Colombia, Dept Biol, Bogota, Colombia..
    Salguero-Gomez, Roberto
    Univ Oxford, Oxford, England..
    Santa-Regina, Ignacio
    CSIC, Inst Recursos Nat & Agrobiol Salamanca IRNASA, Salamanca, Spain..
    Carolina Santacruz-Garcia, Ana
    Conicet Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina.;Univ Nacl Santiago del Estero, Fac Ciencias Forestales, Santiago Del Estero, Argentina..
    Santos, Joaquim
    Univ Coimbra, Dept Ciencias Vida, Ctr Funct Ecol, Coimbra, Portugal..
    Sardans, Jordi
    Univ Autonoma Barcelona, CSIC, Global Ecol Unit CREAF, Barcelona, Spain..
    Schamp, Brandon
    Algoma Univ, Sault Ste Marie, ON, Canada..
    Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael
    Univ Freiburg, Fac Biol, Geobot, Freiburg, Germany..
    Schleuning, Matthias
    Senckenberg Biodivers & Climate Res Ctr, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Schmid, Bernhard
    Univ Zurich, Dept Geog, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Schmidt, Marco
    Senckenberg Biodiversitat & Klima Forschungszentr, Frankfurt, Germany.;Palmengarten Stadt Frankfurt Main, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Schmitt, Sylvain
    Univ Bordeaux, BIOGECO, INRAE, Cestas, France..
    Schneider, Julio V.
    Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Bot & Mol Evolut, Frankfurt, Germany.;Nat Hist Museum, Frankfurt, Germany.;Senckenberg Res Inst, Entomol 3, Frankfurt, Germany.;Nat Hist Museum, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Schowanek, Simon D.
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Ctr Biodivers Dynam Changing World BIOCHANGE, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Schrader, Julian
    Univ Goettingen, Biodivers Macroecol & Biogeog, Gottingen, Germany..
    Schrodt, Franziska
    Univ Nottingham, Sch Geog, Nottingham, England..
    Schuldt, Bernhard
    Univ Wurzburg, Chair Ecophysiol & Vegetat Ecol, Julius von Sachs Inst Biol Sci, Wurzburg, Germany..
    Schurr, Frank
    Univ Hohenheim, Inst Landscape & Plant Ecol, Stuttgart, Germany..
    Selaya Garvizu, Galia
    Herencia, Santa Cruz, Bolivia..
    Semchenko, Marina
    Univ Manchester, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Manchester, Lancs, England..
    Seymour, Colleen
    South African Natl Biodivers Inst, Pretoria, South Africa..
    Sfair, Julia C.
    Univ Fed Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil..
    Sharpe, Joanne M.
    Sharplex Serv, Edgecomb, ME USA..
    Sheppard, Christine S.
    Univ Hohenheim, Inst Landscape & Plant Ecol, Stuttgart, Germany..
    Sheremetiev, Serge
    RAS, Komarov Bot Inst, St Petersburg, Russia..
    Shiodera, Satomi
    Res Inst Human & Nat, Kyoto, Japan.;Kyoto Univ, Ctr Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto, Japan..
    Shipley, Bill
    Univ Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, PQ, Canada..
    Shovon, Tanvir Ahmed
    Univ Regina, Dept Biol, Regina, SK, Canada..
    Siebenkaes, Alrun
    Tech Univ Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany..
    Carlos, Sierra
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Silva, Vasco
    Univ Lisbon, Sch Agr, Ctr Appl Ecol Prof Baeta Neves CEABN, Lisbon, Portugal..
    Silva, Mateus
    Univ Fed Lavras, Dept Biol, Lavras, MG, Brazil..
    Sitzia, Tommaso
    Univ Padua, Dept Land Environm Agr & Forestry, Padua, Italy..
    Sjoman, Henrik
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Landscape Architecture Planning & Management, Alnarp, Sweden.;Gothenburg Bot Garden, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Gothenburg Global Biodivers Ctr, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Slot, Martijn
    Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Ancon, Panama..
    Smith, Nicholas G.
    Texas Tech Univ, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA..
    Sodhi, Darwin
    Univ British Columbia, Fac Forestry & Conservat Sci, Forest Sci Ctr, Vancouver, BC, Canada..
    Soltis, Pamela
    Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, Gainesville, FL USA..
    Soltis, Douglas
    Univ Florida, Florida Museum Nat Hist, Gainesville, FL USA..
    Somers, Ben
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Leuven, Belgium..
    Sonnier, Gregory
    Archbold Biol Stn, Venus, FL USA..
    Sorensen, Mia Vedel
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Trondheim, Norway..
    Sosinski, Enio Egon, Jr.
    Embrapa Recursos Genet & Biotecnol, Brasilia, DF, Brazil..
    Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.
    Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Leiden, Netherlands..
    Souza, Alexandre F.
    Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Dept Ecol, Natal, RN, Brazil..
    Spasojevic, Marko
    Univ Calif Riverside, Dept Ecol Evolut & Organismal Biol, Riverside, CA 92521 USA..
    Sperandii, Marta Gaia
    Univ Roma Tre, Rome, Italy..
    Stan, Amanda B.
    No Arizona Univ, Dept Geog Planning & Recreat, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA..
    Stegen, James
    Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Richland, WA 99352 USA..
    Steinbauer, Klaus
    Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Austrian Acad Sci, Inst Interdisciplinary Mt Res, GLORIA Coordinat, Vienna, Austria.;Univ Nat Resources & Life Sci Vienna, Dept Integrat Biol & Biodivers Res, Vienna, Austria..
    Stephan, Jorg G.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Swedish Species Informat Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden.;Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Ecol, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Sterck, Frank
    Wageningen Univ, Forest Ecol & Forest Management Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands..
    Stojanovic, Dejan B.
    Univ Novi Sad, Inst Lowland Forestry & Environm, Novi Sad, Serbia..
    Strydom, Tanya
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Laura Suarez, Maria
    Univ Nacl Comahue, CONICET, Inst Invest Biodiversidad & Medioambiente, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina..
    Svenning, Jens-Christian
    Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Sect Ecoinformat & Biodivers, Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Ctr Biodivers Dynam Changing World BIOCHANGE, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Svitkova, Ivana
    Slovak Acad Sci, Plant Sci & Biodivers Ctr, Inst Bot, Bratislava, Slovakia..
    Svitok, Marek
    Tech Univ Zvolen, Fac Ecol & Environm Sci, Dept Ecol & Gen Biol, Zvolen, Slovakia.;Univ South Bohemia, Fac Sci, Dept Ecosyst Biol, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic..
    Svoboda, Miroslav
    Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Prague, Czech Republic..
    Swaine, Emily
    Univ Aberdeen, Sch Biol Sci, Aberdeen, Scotland..
    Swenson, Nathan
    Univ Maryland, Dept Biol, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Tabarelli, Marcelo
    Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Bot, Recife, PE, Brazil..
    Takagi, Kentaro
    Hokkaido Univ, Teshio Expt Forest, Horonobe, Japan..
    Tappeiner, Ulrike
    Univ Innsbruck, Dept Ecol, Innsbruck, Austria.;Eurac Res, Inst Alpine Environm, Bozen Bolzano, Italy..
    Tarifa, Ruben
    CSIC, Estn Expt Zonas Aridas, Dept Ecol Func & Evolut, La Canada De San Urbano, Spain..
    Tauugourdeau, Simon
    Univ Montpellier, INRA, CIRAD, SELMET, Montpellier Supagro, France.;PZZS, SELMET, UMR, CIRAD, Dakar, Senegal..
    Tavsanoglu, Cagatay
    Hacettepe Univ, Dept Biol, Ankara, Turkey..
    te Beest, Mariska
    Univ Utrecht, Copernicus Inst Sustainable Dev, Environm Sci, Utrecht, Netherlands.;Nelson Mandela Univ, Ctr African Conservat Ecol, Port Elizabeth, South Africa..
    Tedersoo, Leho
    Univ Tartu, Inst Ecol & Earth Sci, Tartu, Estonia..
    Thiffault, Nelson
    Nat Resources Canada, Canadian Wood Fibre Ctr, Quebec City, PQ, Canada..
    Thom, Dominik
    Univ Vermont, Rubenstein Sch Environm & Nat Resources, Burlington, VT USA..
    Thomas, Evert
    Biovers Int, Lima, Peru..
    Thompson, Ken
    Univ Sheffield, Dept Anim & Plant Sci, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England..
    Thornton, Peter E.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Thuiller, Wilfried
    Univ Savoie Mt Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, LECA, Grenoble, France..
    Tichy, Lubomir
    Masaryk Univ, Dept Bot & Zool, Brno, Czech Republic..
    Tissue, David
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Tjoelker, Mark G.
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Tng, David Yue Phin
    Sch Field Studies, Ctr Rainforest Studies, Yungaburra, Qld, Australia..
    Tobias, Joseph
    Imperial Coll London, Dept Life Sci, Silwood Pk, Ascot, Berks, England..
    Torok, Peter
    MTA DE Lendulet Funct & Restorat Ecol Res Grp, Debrecen, Hungary.;Univ Debrecen, Dept Ecol, Debrecen, Hungary..
    Tarin, Tonantzin
    Univ Delaware, Dept Soil & Plant Sci, Newark, DE USA..
    Torres-Ruiz, Jose M.
    Univ Clermont Auvergne, INRA, UMR, PIAF, Clermont Ferrand, France..
    Tothmeresz, Bela
    MTA TKI Biodivers & Ecosyst Serv Res Grp, Debrecen, Hungary..
    Treurnicht, Martina
    SAEON Fynbos Node, Claremont, South Africa.;Stellenbosch Univ, Dept Conservat Ecol & Entomol, Matieland, South Africa..
    Trivellone, Valeria
    Univ Illinois, Prairie Res Inst, Illinois Nat Hist Survey, Champaign, IL 61820 USA..
    Trolliet, Franck
    Univ Liege, SPHERES, Unit Modelling Climate & Biogeochem Cycles, UR, Liege, Belgium..
    Trotsiuk, Volodymyr
    Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.;Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Prague, Czech Republic.;Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Inst Agr Sci, Zurich, Switzerland..
    Tsakalos, James L.
    Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Crawley, WA, Australia..
    Tsiripidis, Ioannis
    Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Dept Bot, Sch Biol, Thessaloniki, Greece..
    Tysklind, Niklas
    Univ Guyane, Univ Antilles, INRA, CIRAD,UMR,EcoFoG,Agroparistech,CNRS, Kourou, France..
    Umehara, Toru
    Osaka Nat Hist Ctr, Osaka, Japan..
    Usoltsev, Vladimir
    Ural State Forest Engn Univ, Ekaterinburg, Russia.;Russian Acad Sci, Ural Branch, Ekaterinburg, Russia..
    Vadeboncoeur, Matthew
    Univ New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 USA..
    Vaezi, Jamil
    Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran..
    Valladares, Fernando
    CSIC, Museo Nacl Ciencias Nat, Madrid, Spain..
    Vamosi, Jana
    Univ Calgary, Dept Biol Sci, Calgary, AB, Canada..
    van Bodegom, Peter M.
    Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Leiden, Netherlands..
    van Breugel, Michiel
    Yale Univ, Coll Environm Studies, New Haven, CT USA.;Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Biol Sci, Singapore, Singapore.;Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Panama City, Panama..
    Van Cleemput, Elisa
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Leuven, Belgium..
    van de Weg, Martine
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Geosci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    van der Merwe, Stephni
    Univ Cape Town, Dept Biol Sci, Cape Town, South Africa..
    van der Plas, Fons
    Univ Leipzig, Inst Biol, Systemat Bot & Funct Biodivers, Leipzig, Germany..
    van der Sande, Masha T.
    Univ Amsterdam, IBED, Amsterdam, Netherlands.;Wageningen Univ & Res, Forest Ecol & Forest Management Grp, Wageningen, Netherlands.;Florida Inst Technol, Inst Global Ecol, Melbourne, FL 32901 USA..
    van Kleunen, Mark
    Univ Konstanz, Dept Biol, Constance, Germany.;Taizhou Univ, Zhejiang Prov Key Lab Plant Evolutionary Ecol & C, Taizhou, Peoples R China..
    Van Meerbeek, Koenraad
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Leuven, Belgium..
    Vanderwel, Mark
    Univ Regina, Dept Biol, Regina, SK, Canada..
    Vanselow, Kim Andre
    Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Inst Geog, Erlangen, Germany..
    Varhammar, Angelica
    Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Varone, Laura
    Sapienza Univ Rome, Dept Environm Biol, Rome, Italy..
    Vasquez Valderrama, Maribel Yesenia
    Univ Dist Francisco Jose de Caldas, Bogota, Colombia.;Univ Concepcion, Lab Invas Biol, Concepcion, Chile..
    Vassilev, Kiril
    Bulgarian Acad Sci, Inst Biodivers & Ecosyst Res, Sofia, Bulgaria..
    Vellend, Mark
    Univ Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, PQ, Canada..
    Veneklaas, Erik J.
    Univ Western Australia, Sch Biol Sci, Crawley, WA, Australia.;Univ Western Australia, Sch Agr & Environm, Crawley, WA, Australia..
    Verbeeck, Hans
    Univ Ghent, CAVElab Computat & Appl Vegetat Ecol, Ghent, Belgium..
    Verheyen, Kris
    Univ Ghent, Forest & Nat Lab, Dept Environm, Gontrode Melle, Belgium..
    Vibrans, Alexander
    Univ Reg Blumenau, Blumenau, SC, Brazil..
    Vieira, Ima
    Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem, PA, Brazil..
    Villacis, Jaime
    Univ Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, Dept Ciencias Vida, Sangolqui, Ecuador..
    Violle, Cyrille
    Univ Montpellier 3, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE,IRD,CEFE,UMR 5175, Montpellier, France..
    Vivek, Pandi
    Goa Univ, Dept Bot, Taleigao, Goa, India.;Pondicherry Univ, Dept Ecol & Environm Sci, Pondicherry, India..
    Wagner, Katrin
    Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany..
    Waldram, Matthew
    Univ Leicester, Sch Geog Geol & Environm, Leicester, Leics, England..
    Waldron, Anthony
    Univ Oxford, Edward Grey Inst, Zool Dept, Oxford, England.;Univ Cambridge, Cambridge Conservat Initiat, Dept Zool, Cambridge, England..
    Walker, Anthony P.
    Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Div Environm Sci, POB 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 USA.;Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Climate Change Sci Inst, Oak Ridge, TN USA..
    Waller, Martyn
    Kingston Univ, Dept Geog & Geol, Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey, England..
    Walther, Gabriel
    Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Ecol & Evolut, Jena, Germany..
    Wang, Han
    Tsinghua Univ, Dept Earth Syst Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Earth Syst Modeling, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Feng
    Chinese Acad Forestry, Inst Desertificat Studies, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Wang, Weiqi
    Fujian Normal Univ, Inst Geog, Fuzhou, Fujian, Peoples R China..
    Watkins, Harry
    Univ Sheffield, Dept Landscape Architecture, Sheffield, S Yorkshire, England..
    Watkins, James
    Colgate Univ, Dept Biol, Hamilton, NY 13346 USA..
    Weber, Ulrich
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany..
    Weedon, James T.
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Ecol Sci, Amsterdam, Netherlands..
    Wei, Liping
    Univ Quebec Abitibi Temiscamingue, Inst Rech Forets, Rouyn Noranda, PQ, Canada..
    Weigelt, Patrick
    Univ Goettingen, Biodivers Macroecol & Biogeog, Gottingen, Germany..
    Weiher, Evan
    Univ Wisconsin, Eau Claire, WI 54701 USA..
    Wells, Aidan W.
    Rocky Mt Biol Labs, Crested Butte, CO USA.;Maritime & Sci Technol Acad, Miami, FL USA..
    Wellstein, Camilla
    Free Univ Bozen Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy..
    Wenk, Elizabeth
    UNSW Sydney, Evolut & Ecol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;UNSW Sydney, Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Westoby, Mark
    Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Westwood, Alana
    Univ Winnipeg, Winnipeg, MB, Canada..
    White, Philip John
    James Hutton Inst, Dundee, Scotland.;King Saud Univ, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia..
    Whitten, Mark
    Univ Florida, Gainesville, FL USA..
    Williams, Mathew
    Univ Edinburgh, Sch Geosci, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland..
    Winkler, Daniel E.
    Univ Calif Irvine, Irvine, CA USA.;US Geol Survey, Southwest Biol Sci Ctr, Moab, UT USA..
    Winter, Klaus
    Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Ancon, Panama..
    Womack, Chevonne
    Univ Pretoria, Dept Plant & Soil Sci, Pretoria, South Africa..
    Wright, Ian J.
    Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Wright, S. Joseph
    Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Ancon, Panama..
    Wright, Justin
    Duke Univ, Dept Biol, Durham, NC USA..
    Pinho, Bruno X.
    Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Bot, Recife, PE, Brazil..
    Ximenes, Fabiano
    NSW Dept Primary Ind, Parramatta, NSW, Australia..
    Yamada, Toshihiro
    Hiroshima Univ, Higashihiroshima, Japan..
    Yamaji, Keiko
    Univ Tsukuba, Grad Sch Life & Environm Sci, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan..
    Yanai, Ruth
    SUNY Coll Environm Sci & Forestry, Syracuse, NY 13210 USA..
    Yankov, Nikolay
    Samara Univ, Samara, Russia..
    Yguel, Benjamin
    Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Museum Natl Hist Nat, Ctr Ecol & Sci Conservat CESCO, Paris, France..
    Zanini, Katia Janaina
    Lab Ecol Vegetal LEVEG, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil..
    Zanne, Amy E.
    George Washington Univ, Biol Sci, Washington, DC USA..
    Zeleny, David
    Natl Taiwan Univ, Taipei, Taiwan..
    Zhao, Yun-Peng
    Zhejiang Univ, Coll Life Sci, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Jingming
    Beijing Forestry Univ, Forestry Coll, Beijing, Peoples R China..
    Zheng, Ji
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Agr & Biol, Shanghai, Peoples R China.;Natl Forestry & Grassland Adm, Shanghai Urban Forest Ecosyst Res Stn, Shanghai, Peoples R China..
    Zieminska, Kasia
    Imperial Coll, London, England..
    Zirbel, Chad R.
    Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA..
    Zizka, Georg
    Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Dept Biol Sci, Frankfurt, Germany.;Senckenberg Res Inst, Dept Bot & Mol Evolut, Frankfurt, Germany.;Nat Hist Museum, Frankfurt, Germany..
    Zo-Bi, Irie Casimir
    Inst Natl Polytech Felix Houphouet Boigny INP HB, Yamoussoukro, Cote Ivoire..
    Zotz, Gerhard
    Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Ancon, Panama.;Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Oldenburg, Germany..
    Wirth, Christian
    Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany.;German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res iDiv, Leipzig, Germany.;Univ Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany..
    TRY plant trait database - enhanced coverage and open access2020In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 119-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Plant traits-the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants-determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research spanning from evolutionary biology, community and functional ecology, to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem and landscape management, restoration, biogeography and earth system modelling. Since its foundation in 2007, the TRY database of plant traits has grown continuously. It now provides unprecedented data coverage under an open access data policy and is the main plant trait database used by the research community worldwide. Increasingly, the TRY database also supports new frontiers of trait-based plant research, including the identification of data gaps and the subsequent mobilization or measurement of new data. To support this development, in this article we evaluate the extent of the trait data compiled in TRY and analyse emerging patterns of data coverage and representativeness. Best species coverage is achieved for categorical traits-almost complete coverage for 'plant growth form'. However, most traits relevant for ecology and vegetation modelling are characterized by continuous intraspecific variation and trait-environmental relationships. These traits have to be measured on individual plants in their respective environment. Despite unprecedented data coverage, we observe a humbling lack of completeness and representativeness of these continuous traits in many aspects. We, therefore, conclude that reducing data gaps and biases in the TRY database remains a key challenge and requires a coordinated approach to data mobilization and trait measurements. This can only be achieved in collaboration with other initiatives.

  • 3. Otero, Jaime
    et al.
    L'Abee-Lund, Jan Henning
    Castro-Santos, Ted
    Leonardsson, Kjell
    Storvik, Geir O.
    Jonsson, Bror
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology. Norsk institutt for naturforskning (NINA).
    Dempson, Brian
    Russell, Ian C.
    Jensen, Arne J.
    Bagliniere, Jean-Luc
    Dionne, Melanie
    Armstrong, John D.
    Romakkaniemi, Atso
    Letcher, Benjamin H.
    Kocik, John F.
    Erkinaro, Jaakko
    Poole, Russell
    Rogan, Ger
    Lundqvist, Hans
    MacLean, Julian C.
    Jokikokko, Erkki
    Arnekleiv, Jo Vegar
    Kennedy, Richard J.
    Niemela, Eero
    Caballero, Pablo
    Music, Paul A.
    Antonsson, Thorolfur
    Gudjonsson, Sigurdur
    Veselov, Alexey E.
    Lamberg, Anders
    Groom, Steve
    Taylor, Benjamin H.
    Taberner, Malcolm
    Dillane, Mary
    Arnason, Fridthjofur
    Horton, Gregg
    Hvidsten, Nils A.
    Jonsson, Ingi R.
    Jonsson, Nina
    McKelvey, Simon
    Naesje, Tor F.
    Skaala, Oystein
    Smith, Gordon W.
    Saegrov, Harald
    Stenseth, Nils C.
    Vollestad, Leif Asbjorn
    Basin-scale phenology and effects of climate variability on global timing of initial seaward migration of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)2014In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 61-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrations between different habitats are key events in the lives of many organisms. Such movements involve annually recurring travel over long distances usually triggered by seasonal changes in the environment. Often, the migration is associated with travel to or from reproduction areas to regions of growth. Young anadromous Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) emigrate from freshwater nursery areas during spring and early summer to feed and grow in the North Atlantic Ocean. The transition from the freshwater ('parr') stage to the migratory stage where they descend streams and enter salt water ('smolt') is characterized by morphological, physiological and behavioural changes where the timing of this parr-smolt transition is cued by photoperiod and water temperature. Environmental conditions in the freshwater habitat control the downstream migration and contribute to within- and among-river variation in migratory timing. Moreover, the timing of the freshwater emigration has likely evolved to meet environmental conditions in the ocean as these affect growth and survival of the post-smolts. Using generalized additive mixed-effects modelling, we analysed spatio-temporal variations in the dates of downstream smolt migration in 67 rivers throughout the North Atlantic during the last five decades and found that migrations were earlier in populations in the east than the west. After accounting for this spatial effect, the initiation of the downstream migration among rivers was positively associated with freshwater temperatures, up to about 10 °C and levelling off at higher values, and with sea-surface temperatures. Earlier migration occurred when river discharge levels were low but increasing. On average, the initiation of the smolt seaward migration has occurred 2.5 days earlier per decade throughout the basin of the North Atlantic. This shift in phenology matches changes in air, river, and ocean temperatures, suggesting that Atlantic salmon emigration is responding to the current global climate changes.

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