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  • 1.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Nursing Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Christer
    Prehospen – Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with feedback for firefighters2019In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 64-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of the intervention of low-dose, high-frequency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training with feedback for firefighters for one month. Design/methodology/approach: The study had a quantitative approach. Data were collected through an intervention by means of simulation. The data collection consisted of a pre- and post-assessment of 38 firefighter’s CPR performance. Findings: There was a statistically significant improvement from pre- to post-assessment regarding participants’ compression rates. Compression depth increased statistically significantly to average 2 mm too deep in the group. Recoil decreased in the group with an average of 1 mm for the better. There was a statistically significant improvement in participants’ ventilation volume from pre- to post-assessment. Originality/value: Prehospital staff such as firefighters, police, and ambulance perform CPR under less than optimal circumstances. It is therefore of the utmost importance that these professionals are trained in the best possible way. The result of this study shows that low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with an average of six training sessions per month improves ventilation volume, compression depth, rate, and recoil. This study concludes that objective feedback during training enhances the firefighters’ CPR skills which in turn also could be applied to police and ambulance CPR training.

  • 2.
    Scott, David
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Brandow, Carina
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School. Försvarshögskolan.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Enander, Ann
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Capturing the citizen perspective in crisis management exercises: possibilities and challenges2014In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 04, no 1, p. 82-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Supporting and communicating with citizens is a vital part of societal crisis management. Training exercises may offer an opportunity to develop capabilities among managers in this regard. The purpose of this paper is to examine this potential in an analysis of how citizens were portrayed and perceived by participants in a major crisis management exercise.

    Design/methodology/approach – Observation, document analysis and short interviews during the exercise were used as data collection methods. Data were subjected to thematic analysis to capture core themes in relation to the research aim. Findings – Patterns in how citizens’ reactions were portrayed in the exercise were identified to form a citizen behaviour typology. Observations during the exercise also demonstrated some of the challenges in incorporating the citizen perspective. However, findings regarding the perception of the citizen perspective also demonstrate the ability of exercise participants to meet and respond to public behaviours with respect and seriousness.

    Originality/value – Variation is an important condition for learning in exercises, and the identified typology is suggested as a starting point for achieving this in incorporation of the citizen perspective in training scenarios. The results of the study are discussed in terms of a learning framework with the aim of explicitly developing crisis managers’ ability to interact and communicate with citizens in crisis situations.

  • 3.
    Scott, David
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). Försvarshögskolan.
    Brandow, Carina
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Enander, Ann
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Capturing the citizen perspective in crisis management exercises: Possibilities and challenges2015In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 86-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Supporting and communicating with citizens is a vital part of societal crisis management.Training exercises may offer an opportunity to develop capabilities among managers in this regard.The purpose of this paper is to examine this potential in an analysis of how citizens were portrayed andperceived by participants in a major crisis management exercise.

    Design/methodology/approach – Observation, document analysis and short interviews during theexercise were used as data collection methods. Data were subjected to thematic analysis to capture corethemes in relation to the research aim.

    Findings – Patterns in how citizens’ reactions were portrayed in the exercise were identified to form acitizen behaviour typology. Observations during the exercise also demonstrated some of the challenges inincorporating the citizen perspective. However, findings regarding the perception of the citizen perspectivealso demonstrate the ability of exercise participants to meet and respond to public behaviours with respectand seriousness.

    Originality/value – Variation is an important condition for learning in exercises, and the identifiedtypology is suggested as a starting point for achieving this in incorporation of the citizen perspective intraining scenarios. The results of the study are discussed in terms of a learning framework with the aim ofexplicitly developing crisis managers’ ability to interact and communicate with citizens in crisis situations.

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