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  • 1. Bergholm, Tapio
    et al.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Juul, Ida
    Gender and Working Life: Introduction to special issue2011In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 1, no 2Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bergman, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Back to the Future: Not looking into the future but at futures2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 3-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bergman, Ann
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Gillberg, Gunnar
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The Cabin Crew Blues: Middle-aged Cabin Attendants and Their Working Conditions2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 23-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how an airline company uses the labor of a group of middle-aged cabin attendants in an industry increasingly characterized by deregulation and competiveness. The study was based on in-depth interviews with seven women, all with between 24 and 30 years of work experience as cabin attendants. The article focuses on the women's working conditions and well-being and the analysis reveals three key aspects-intensification of work, vulnerability, and aging-that affect the cabin attendants' experiences and emotions in relation to the work. It is at the intersection of these three aspects that the cabin attendants' concerns must be understood. The study's findings indicated that positive emotions such as job satisfaction and commitment have diminished because of exploitative and otherwise poor working conditions. Taking the cabin attendants' concerns as its point of departure, the article shows that there is a need to move away from a discussion about emotional labor toward a discussion of working conditions.

  • 4.
    Bergqvist, Tuula
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Eriksson, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Passion and Exploitation Among Young Adults with Different Labor Market Status in Europe2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 17-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyze the relationship between attitudes to work, wellbeing, and labor market status among young adults in Europe and to discuss the extent to which the relationship can be understood in terms of passion or exploitation. This aim is made concrete in the following research questions:  To what extent do young adults in Europe have a passionate attitude to work? Are there differences between groups with various labor market status and nationalities?  Are there differences in levels of well-being between the groups of young adults with different labor market status, and differences between the countries?  The results are based on an individual survey conducted with three categories of young people (18–34 years old): long-term unemployed, those in precarious employments, and those regularly employed. The study had a cross-national comparative design and the countries included were France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland.

  • 5.
    Ede, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Rantakeisu, Ulla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Managing Organized Insecurity: The Consequences for Care Workers of Deregulated Working Conditions in Elderly Care2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 55-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Part-time work is more than twice as common among women than men in Sweden. New ways of organizing working hours to allow for more full-time jobs have been introduced for care workers in elderly care, which means unscheduled working hours based on the needs of the workplace. The aim of the study is to analyze how the organization of the unscheduled working hours affect employees' daily lives and their possibility to provide care. The Classic Grounded Theory method was used in a secondary analysis of interviews with employees and managers in Swedish municipal elderly care. The implementation of unscheduled working hours plunged employees into a situation of managing organized insecurity. This main concern for the care workers involved a cyclic process of first having to be available for work because of economic and social obligations to the employer and the co-workers, despite sacrifices in the private sphere. Then, they had to be adaptable in relation to unknown clients and co-workers and to the employer, which means reduced possibilities to provide good care. Full-time jobs were thus created through requiring permanent staff to be flexible, which in effect meant eroded working conditions with high demands on employee adaptability. Solving the part-time problem in elderly care by introducing unscheduled working hours may in effect be counter-productive.

  • 6.
    Gonäs, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Tyrkkö, Arja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Changing Structures and Women’s Role as Labor Force2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 89-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to analyze changes in the development of women's role as labor force over a 40-year period. This is done by presenting research results that concern the restructur-ing of the labor market over different time periods. The empirical material is from the 1960s, the heyday of the Swedish model; from the 1980s, the period that economic historians label the third industrial revolution; and from the 1990s, a period labeled the new working life that is covering the reorganization of the public sector.For the first period results from restructuring in the shipyard industry are presented as well as employment outcomes for single individuals. This industry was male dominated with very few women employed, but regional policy measures were implemented to reach a latent female labor force. The second period is covered by a study of closures and cutbacks in different industries in Sweden during 1982–1983. The proportion of women employed in the industries studied was around one third and employment outcomes had a specific gendered pattern. Women did to a lower extent than men get new permanent jobs. Permanent temporariness was introduced as a concept to describe their labor market situation.The recession that one decade later hit both female- and male-dominated sectors is il-lustrated by a study of the relations between labor market attachment, working life, and family conditions. The material comes from a regional research program based on a questionnaire and on register data on incomes from 1990 to 1999. The paper analyzes several areas related to work and outside of work that indicate a gendered pattern of multidimensional subordination and an increased polarization in terms of both gender and class. In conclusion, the 40 years has been a period of dramatic change in women's situation as labor force. In times of restructuring they often entered into precarious job situations or unemploy-ment. Women's double burden proved remarkably resilient when explaining gender differences in employment and working conditions.

  • 7.
    Hobbins, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Swedish Defence University; Swedish National Defence College.
    Young long-term unemployed and the individualization of responsibilities2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 43-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in most Western societies, a common belief is that unemployment is somehow linked to the individual, her lack of work ethic, or other personal shortcomings rather than to structural causes. This is not only manifested in public arenas such as the media or political debates but also in our social surroundings. In recent years, these views have gained mportance, indicating a shift in the location of responsibilities from the welfare state to the ndividual. This shift entails high demands and expectations on unemployed people and is omething they have to deal with and relate to. One of the most exposed groups is young ong-term unemployed. The aim of this article is to highlight how the discourse of individualized responsibility is reflected in unemployed peoples’ stories, and to shed light on the ways in which young long-term unemployed adults relate to and position themselves toward this discourse. Based on 18 qualitative interviews with young Swedish long-term unemployed people, the findings how three approaches to the discourse: conformity, distancing, and resistance.

  • 8.
    Kamp, Annette
    et al.
    Roskilde.
    Klemsdal, Lars
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Introduction to special issue on the Public Sector2013In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 1-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Empty Labor: Idleness and Workplace Resistance2016In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 119-123Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Factoids of working life2014In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 5-6Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Review of Vallas: Work.2014In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 163-166Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Work, Passion, Exploitation2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article revolves around the concepts work, passion, and exploitation. I suggest answers to three questions: What is work? What is passion? What is exploitation? Finally, I discuss some possible relations between them.

  • 13.
    Karlsson, Jan Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Perspectives on Nordic Working Life Research2013In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 3, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Kasvio, Antti
    et al.
    Finland.
    Gonäs, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Skorstad, Egil
    Norge.
    In search of the Nordic working life model: Introduction to the thematic issue2012In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 1-19Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Keisu, Britt-Inger
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Abrahamsson, Lena
    Division of Human Work Science, Luleå University of Technology.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Entrepreneurship and Gender Equality in Academia: A Complex Combination in Practice2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 69-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article takes as its starting point two current trends in academia – the promotion of academic entrepreneurship and innovation and the promotion of gender equality – and discusses how different gender equality perspectives are interwoven, or not, into academia’s transformation processes towards entrepreneurial universities. On the basis of an analysis of 26 interviews conducted with personnel at two Swedish universities, the article investigates how concepts of academic entrepreneurship and innovation on the one hand and gender equality on the other hand are constructed and filled with meaning as well as how they are entangled and what effects are produced by this way of thinking and acting. Our analysis reveals tensions between the two policy goals, together with tensions within each goal. An overall conclusion is that articulations and ways of speaking about the policy goal of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were to some extent interwoven with the policy goal of gender equality, especially in the broader perspectives on academic entrepreneurship. However, the articulations of strategies and practice of the two policy goals essentially ran parallel, and were not entangled with one another. This is because strategies or substantial initiatives for merging gender equality into the agenda of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were lacking.

  • 16.
    Nord, Tora
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Joint Responsibility at its Peak: Searching for a New Nordic Unemployment Model2012In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 171-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research has shown that the Nordic Ghent systems seem to be weakened. The unemployment insurances administered by the unions have experienced a decline in numbers of members, very similar to the drop in trade union membership. This article takes its point of departure in previous research into the decline in the membership densities of unemployment insurances in several Nordic countries. The article examines these tendencies and focuses on a new and rather atypical example of organizing unemployment systems in a Nordic context, namely that of the Faroe Islands. Based on interviews and documentation analysis, the article describes the system extensively and argues conclusively that the Faroese unemployment insurance system is an example of the deeply rooted Nordic negotiation tradition, albeit in a new context in which the labor market parties stand united to ensure the system’s autonomy from political influence.

     

  • 17.
    Rydell, Alexis
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    The Quest for CSR in Closedowns2012In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 143-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on analysis of and suggestions for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) orientation during the closedown process.The article addresses CSR considerations that adjust business strategies, which in turn change the Human Resource Management (HRM) focus. Our study fo- cuses on four best practice cases in Sweden, which are compared with three reported cases in the literature.All four best practice cases had a long notice period and socially responsible coordination of management and employees, which created adjusted corporate strategies.Three cases had the CSR orientation in the earliest stage, while the fourth case had this coordination during a later stage of the closedown process. We develop a model where we show that the scope for action increases if the CSR orientation and coordination of actions come early in the closedown process, due to the increased ability to adjust the business strategy and create a plan for outreach HRM activities and local community activities. 

  • 18.
    Sandlund, Erica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Jakobsen, Liselotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning.
    Nahnfeldt, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    The Performance Appraisal Interview: An arena for the reinforcement of norms for ideal employeeship2011In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, no 2, p. 59-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present paper, we report findings from a study of performance appraisal interviews between middle managers and employees. The study is based on analysis of video uptake of authentic performance appraisal interviews, and through detailed examination of participant conduct and orientation, we point to structural mechanisms and institutional norms which limit the possibilities for employees to raise topics connected to negative experiences of stress in performance appraisal talk. It is argued that norms concerning ideal employeeship are shaped by a partly hidden curriculum in the organization which in turn is talked into being in the performance appraisal interviews. The study concludes that empirical attention to the social interplay in performance appraisal interactions reveal how participant conduct aligns or disaligns with institutional and social underpinnings of workplace ideals.

1 - 18 of 18
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