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  • 1.
    Bengtsson, Peder
    et al.
    ASKO Appliances AB, Lidköping, Sweden.
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Renström, Roger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Performance Study of a Closed-Type Heat Pump Tumble Dryer Using A Simulation Model and an Experimental Set-Up2014In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 891-901Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the interests of competitiveness, manufactures of tumble dryers are seeking to reduce both their electricity use and the drying time. This study examines how the cylinder volume of the compressor and the total heat transfer of the condenser influence the drying time and electricity use in a heat pump tumble dryer. A transient simulation model was developed and compared to an experimental set-up with good similarity. The simulations show that increasing the cylinder volume of the compressor by 50% decreases the drying time by 14% without using more electricity.

  • 2.
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    The Effect of Using a Heating Tube in an Existing Spouted Bed Superheated Steam Dryer2011In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 183-188Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Berghel, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Renström, Roger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    An Experimental Study on the Influence of Using a Draft Tube in a Continuous Spouted Bed Dryer2014In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 519-527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Further increasing the production of processed biofuel also increases the demands on drying capacity. With the aim of increasing the heat capacity flow, experimental tests have been performed on the process of drying sawdust in a continuous spouted bed dryer with nine different draft tube designs. The results showed that a draft tube with an increased length and an increased disengagement height decreased the dry substances' flow rate throughout the dryer. The results also showed that the mass of the material in the dryer was approximately the same in all the tests. This means that the draft tubes, no matter their size, do not influence the amount of material in the dryer.

  • 4.
    Frodeson, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Renström, Roger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    The potential in using two step drying techniques for improving energy efficiency and increasing the drying capacity in fuel pellet industries2012In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 31, no 15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Frodeson, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Renström, Roger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    The Potential of Using Two-Step Drying Techniques for Improving Energy Efficiency and Increasing Drying Capacity in Fuel Pellet Industries2013In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 31, no 15, p. 1863-1870Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of wood fuel pellets has increased worldwide in recent years, and pellet producers conclude that the lack of drying capacity is a barrier to increased production. In this study, we develop a concept of two different dryers called the two-step drying technique. The aim is to show the potential for increasing the drying capacity and improving energy efficiency when introducing a second dryer into the pellet plant. The study is theoretical and based on an industrial packed moving bed dryer. It shows that the drying capacity increased by 22% when a pneumatic second dryer was used.

  • 6.
    Granstrom, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Javeed, Atif
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Emissions from sawdust in packed moving bed dryers and subsequent pellet production2016In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 258-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study quantifies emissions of hydrocarbon terpenes from the drying of sawdust in packed moving bed dryers, through the production chain to the finished pellets, and determines the parameters suitable for emission control. The terpene content in softwood sawdust and pellets was analyzed using gas chromatography. The distribution of VOC emissions over the bed was measured with a flame ionization detector. After drying, 30-40% of the initial terpenes remain in the wood, 20-30% remain after grinding, and 10-15% remain after pelleting. Dryer emissions correlate with residence time and final sawdust moisture content. Pellet press emissions correlate with pellet moisture content.

  • 7.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Air Flow and Compression Work in Vacuum Dewatering of Paper2014In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 39-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dewatering on the paper machine takes place by gravity, suction, pressing, and evaporation. Optimizing the operation of the vacuum system is important, since the electricity consumption of the vacuum pumps might be one-fifth of the total electricity consumption of the paper machine. Vacuum dewatering involves large volumes of air penetrating the web. The present study presents four sets of measured air flow rates useful for designing industrial equipment. The mass flux of air increases with increasing applied vacuum and decreases with increasing basis weight. Paper technological parameters, such as fiber size and fiber flexibility, also influence the mass flux. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

  • 8.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Stepwise Development of a Mathematical Model for Air Flow in Vacuum Dewatering of Paper2014In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 32, no 13, p. 1587-1597Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Ottosson, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    A mathematical model of heat and mass transfer in Yankee drying of tissue2017In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 323-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Final dewatering in the production of dry creped tissue is performed by Yankee drying, which includes hot pressing followed by simultaneous contact and impingement drying. The present study models Yankee drying and compares simulation results to the data obtained from trials on a pilot tissue machine. It advances models published previously by the representations developed for the transport of heat in the pressing stage and for the heat transfer involved in the dehydration of the cylinder coating spray. The model predicts an average specific drying rate within 4% in the range of the experimental data used.

  • 10.
    Rezk, Kamal
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Nilsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Forsberg, Jan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Simulation of water removal in paper based on a 2D Level-Set model coupled with volume forces representing fluid resistance in 3D fiber distribution2015In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 605-615Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A numerical model of a vacuum dewatering process was established with a Level-Set method to simulate two-phase flow in a 2-dimensional paper sheet model with constructed volume forces representing flow resistance in a 3-dimensional environment. Nine cases of various volume force representations were compared to numerical and experimental data. Based on the dry content and dwell time relation, the case with the influence of the paper/wire interface showed the most pleasing result compared to experimental data. Compared to the other numerical cases, considering the blockage of the pore space at the top layer of the forming fabric plays an essential role in determining the flow resistance during the vacuum process. Also, the dynamics of the dewatering rate is captured well with the influence of the blockage of fibers on the top layer of the forming fabric. The peak of the dewatering rate could be investigated further with a higher frequency of sample points on new experimental data.

    The computational time for the two-phase flow models in this study is extensively reduced due to the removal of the internal structure. This distinction enables time efficient simulations of vacuum dewatering process in which several dewatering parameters such as level of vacuum, influence of moving vacuum pulse and higher basis weights could be investigated.

  • 11.
    Ståhl, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Berghel, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Validation of a Mathematical Model by Studying the Effects of Recirculation of Drying Gases2008In: Drying Technology, ISSN 0737-3937, E-ISSN 1532-2300, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 786-792Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 11 of 11
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