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  • 1.
    Engström, Lars-Gunnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Predictors of Work Presence: Sickness Absence in a salutogenic perspective2009In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 287-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to identify determinants of work presence, i.e. factors that counteract short and/or long term sickness absence. The analyses were based on logistic regression analyses on Swedish regional survey data. Individuals who had not reported sickness absence during the preceding year were compared to on one hand individuals with short term sickness absence (< 28 days) and on the other hand with long term sickness absence (> 28 days). We found predictors of work presence in personal background as well as in work related variables. A high level of sense of coherence was found to counteract short as well as long term sickness absence. Gender specific differences were observed. Although a set of predictors common for the short and long term perspective were found the predictors in general were found to differentiate substantially with respect to short or long term sickness absence. Implications for sickness absence prevention and health promotion could be drawn from the results. Primarily different aspects of control over working situation, work satisfaction and for women a high level of sense of coherence were believed to have these implications.

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Ulla-Britt
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Engström, Lars-Gunnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Insecure social relations at work and long-term sickness absence due to burnout and other mental diagnoses2011In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 319-327Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Nylen, Eva Charlotta
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ishall, Lars
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Goransson, Sara
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Kylin, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). ..
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;North West Univ, Fac Econ & Management Sci, Potchefstroom, South Africa..
    A pilot-study of a worksite based participatory intervention program: Its acceptability and short-term effects on work climate and attitudes in human service employees2017In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 625-636Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector. It is evaluated using participants' perceptions of the intervention to investigate its acceptability as a feature of feasibility and its short-term effects on work climate factors (job demands and resources) and work-related attitudes. METHODS: Forty employees of a Swedish social service unit provided self-reports before, during, and after the intervention. RESULTS: As for effects, quantitative role overload and social support decreased while turnover intention increased. Responses to an open-ended question showed that participants considered the intervention program valuable for addressing issues relating to the psychosocial work climate. CONCLUSIONS: Although the findings are preliminary, it was possible to carry out this worksite based participatory organizational program in this particular setting. Also, the preliminary findings underscore the challenges associated with designing and implementing this type of intervention program, thus adding to the methodological discussion on implementation and evaluation.

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