Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 69
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Why should physicians read?: Understanding clinical judgement and its relation to literary experience2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Is literary experience of any practical relevance to the clinician? This is the overall question addressed by this investigation, which starts by tracing the historical roots of scientific medicine. These are found to be intimately linked to a form of rationality associated with the scientific revolution of the 17th century and with “modernity”. Medical practice, however, is dependent also on another form of rationality associated with what Stephen Toulmin calls “the epistemology of the biographical”. The very core of clinical medicine is shown to be the clinical encounter, an interpretive meeting where the illness experience is at the centre of attention. The physician can reach the goals of medicine only by developing clinical judgement. Clinical judgement is subjected to close analysis and is assumed to be intimately connected to the form of knowledge Aristotle called phronesis.

    In order to explore how literature – drama, novels, poetry – may be related to clinical judgement, a view of literature is presented that emphasizes literature as an invitation to the reader, to be met responsibly and responsively. Literature carries a potential for a widened experience, for a more nuanced perception of reality – and this potential is suggested to be ethically relevant to the practice of medicine. The “narrative rationality” of a literary text constitutes a complement to the rationality pervading scientific medicine.

    The final step in my analysis is a closer exploration of the potential of the literary text to contribute to the growth of clinical judgement, in relation to the challenges of everyday clinical work. Some of the conditions that may facilitate such growth are outlined, but it is also shown that full empirical evidence for the beneficial effects of reading on the clinician reader is beyond reach.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Undervisning i läsförståelsestrategier och genrer i de lägre årskurserna: Hur explicit är och bör den vara?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis focuses on teaching in reading comprehension strategies and genre knowledge. The study is based on research that shows that education in these areas is important for students' development of reading comprehension. Reading comprehension in itself is the basis for future knowledge acquisition and further studies. The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers, active in the range from pre-school classes to third grade classes, works explicitly with reading comprehension strategies and genre knowledge. 

    The research is based on a web-questionnaire survey of all teachers for current grades in the subjects Swedish, Mathematics, Social studies and Science/Technology. It is limited to investigating a municipality in southern Sweden. 

    The results are coherent in such a way that the majority of teachers asked consider themselves to educate explicitly in reading comprehension strategies. Slightly fewer participants consider themselves to educate explicitly in genre knowledge. Also, based on the answers given by the participants, it turns out that both reading comprehension strategies and genre skills are less taught in this municipality compare to what is recommended according to science. 

  • 3.
    Anelandh, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Språkutvecklande arbete för barn med språkstörning: En undersökning om hur pedagoger kan arbeta med barn som uppvisar en form av språkstörning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Aronsson Karlsson, Mikaela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Vattenlek i förskolan: Möjligheter till fysik i förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate witch knowledge and thoughts children will have about the term of floating and sinking, and witch possibilities there is to make various knowledge visible in preschool physics through playing with water. The study also concern the differences and similarities between two different groups of age who have participated in the study. The study was carried out by an activity with participant observation and feedback interviews afterwards. The result shows that the possibilities to physics are many in preschool. The children expressed new thoughts and ideas who concern other phenomena in physics during the investigation and discussed similar experiments and material to examine. The result shows that the children used previous experience and knowledge to explain and ask hypotheses. They also used their language through interaction with each other to understand, create and recreate knowledge.

  • 5.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Klang & jubel å bokmässan. Veckobladet var där!2017In: Grönköping i trendens framkant: Grönköpings Veckoblad. Årsbok 2017 / [ed] Rolf Christerson, Falun: Bokförlaget Siljan , 2017, p. 9-9Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6. Aspenberg, Karin
    Mitt sprängda huvud2011Book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Vad har ni gjort i sommar?2018In: Grönköping - idyll med skärpa: Grönköpings Veckoblad. Årsbok 2018 / [ed] Rolf Christerson, Falun: Bokförlaget Siljan , 2018, p. 30-Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Björk, Jennie
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Erholm, Annina
    Karlstad University.
    Alla kan uppnå mästerskap med rätt förutsättningar!: En kvalitativ studie som undersöker vilka faktorer som påverkar två teams prestationsförmåga2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att jämföra och undersöka två team gällande vilka faktorer som kan påverka deras prestationsförmåga i arbetet utifrån fyra centrala områden: kommunikation & konflikter, grupputveckling, ledarskap och motivation. Denna studie undersöker två projektteam med likvärdiga arbetsuppgifter för att beskriva deras upplevelse inom dessa områden. Det teoretiska material som lyfts fram i uppsatsen berör relevanta teorier som utökar kunskapen gällande kommunikation & konflikter, varierade grupputvecklingsteorier, situationsanpassat ledarskap och Self-Determination Theory. Det empiriska materialet består av sex kvalitativa intervjuer med teammedlemmar i två separata projektteam samt en informantintervju med VD:n på ett IT- & konsultföretag i Stockholmsområdet. I studien har vi beskrivit vilka faktorer som leder en hög prestationsförmåga samt presenterat hur väl de två teamen uppfyller Bucholz & Roth (1987) åtta kännetecken för högpresterande team. I resultatet presenteras utifrån de fyra områden vi har undersökt vilka likheter och skillnader som teamen upplever utifrån deras varierande förutsättningar inom områdena. För att sedan utifrån teamens egna upplevelse om att vara högpresterande bekräftas genom att de uppfyller Bucholz & Roth (1987) åtta känntecken för högpresterande team.

  • 9.
    Cheruiyot, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Here come the critics: Journalistic discourse in Kenya and South Africa2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Cheruiyot, David
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Toussaint, Nothias
    Stanford University.
    A “hotbed” of digital empowerment?: Media criticism in Kenya between playful engagement and co-option2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Darkey, Dan
    et al.
    University of Pretoria.
    Ibsen, Hilde
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    "The path of the mother is trodden by the daughter": Stepping stones for entry into the middle class in South Africa2015In: Knowledge for a sustainable world: A Southern African-Nordic contribution. / [ed] Tor Halvorsen, Hilde Ibsen, Vhyvienne RP M´kumbuzi, Cape Town: African Minds , 2015, p. 105-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Eklund, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Rörelsehindrade elevers möjlighet till delaktighet i skolidrott: Idrottslärares syn på rörelsehindrade elevers möjligheter till delaktighet i idrottsämnet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Elfstrand, Jenny
    Karlstad University.
    Att bygga broar mellan gymnasiesärskola och arbetsliv: Två skolors strategier för elevers övergångsplaner2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study is based on a qualitative method, where I, on two schools, made interviews with principals, guidance counselors and teacher for students with learning disability.

    The data was analysed with theorybased qualitative analysis.

     The purpose of the study is to examine the strategies that some schools state that they have with their work about the transition from school to work for students with learning disability.

     The result shows that both of the schools see the importance that the students develop security and become independent. One way is to be prepared on what is expected of them when they enter the working career. To prepare the students for working life, the schools focus on what the students need for working career. One way is to make the teaching environment so similar to the reality that the students will meet later on.

     The students participate in different extent before the placements, but both of the schools sees the importance in listening to the students own expectations. It is also of great importance that there is a close contact between the school and supervisors at the internships.

     One request booth the schools expresses is that they would like to have more time with the students out on the placements

     

  • 14.
    Engström Lindh, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Förskollärares användande av IKT i förskoleverksamhet: En strukturerad systematisk observationsstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The foundation of the Swedish preschool is based on the curriculum Lpfö98 /10. In these policy documents there are some different goals that the preschool teachers strives to use in the educational work. One of the learning objectives in the technology subject is to encourage pupils to develop through experience and guidance. The curriculum Lpfö98 /10, marks the importance, that the preschool teachers take responsibility for the pupils safety, their development and that every child has a good learning environment (Skolverket, 2010). The purpose with the present study is to examine how teachers use new information and communication technology in their everyday work. A research has been done in four different preschools in Sweden about the use of (ICT). The method used in the research is structured observations. The result of this study presents differences in how pedagogues act and support ICT in preschool, both in frequencies and choice of activity. The most common way of act and support ICT was when pedagogues helped the children in their use of ICT.

  • 15.
    Eriksson, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Elever med Aspergers Syndrom: En studie om hur den traditionella skolan, respektive specialskolan arbetar med elever som har Aspergers Syndrom.2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the report was to compare the differences between a special needs school and a more traditional school when it comes to working with children with Aspergers syndrome. Furthermore I wanted to find out the differences in resources when it comes to helping these children.

    I used interviews as a method to elucidate how the schools work with children with Asperger syndrome. I interviewed teachers and special educational needs teacher from each of the two schools to understand how they worked in their respective schools.

    I investigated how they used their resources but also what kind of resources they had to work with. When I am talking about resources I am including both the economical resources and physical resources such as books, classrooms and technical equipment. Teaching skills development projects are also included.

    In summation I have concluded that my results points to an enhanced capability to take care of children with Asperger syndrome in the special needs school. They use a more individual based way of teaching and the special needs school is adapted for students with Asperger syndrome. The more traditional school have a tougher economical budget than the special needs school which makes it harder for the traditional school to help and individualize the education.

  • 16. Friman, Carl
    Är barns intresse i fritidshemmets intresse?: Effekten av fritidshemmets brist på media- och IT-användning2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study is based on my previous experience from after-school centers, where I had the perception that the after-school centers provides few opportunities for media and IT usage and business thereby loses some children earlier. The purpose of the survey is to find out if there is a link between IT and media use in after-school centers and when children quits at after-school center. The study is based on these three questions: Do the children experience that there are too few opportunities to use IT and media on the after-school centers? If so, are the lack of IT and media on after-school centers a reason to children quitting? How are teachers' views on the after-schools centers IT and media usage? To answer them a survey with students and qualitative interviews with after-school educators, was conducted.

    Today's society has changed a lot in recent years. Digital technologies have a greater importance in children's lives. Very little research in this area is linked to after-school centers, but the use of media and IT can be beneficial for children’s development is a central position in the current discourse on the digitization of school. The results show that the children felt that it was a small media and IT use in after-school and that most would like to have more opportunities to use media and IT. After-schools educators showed an understanding of IT and media possible necessity in school, but it is not highly valued in the after-school center. Finally, the results showed also that the few opportunities for media and ICT use in the after-school center influence in the children's decision to quit the business.

    Keywords: Media, IT use, after-school centers

  • 17.
    Frykestam, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Utomhuspedagogik, till vilken nytta?: På vilket sätt använder sig lågstadielärare av utomhuspedagogik?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18. Fungula, Bob
    Lärares genusmedvetenhet: En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares beaktning av genus i undervisningen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an empirical study based on Physical Education and health (PE) teachers' experiences and builds on, for the study, significant literature. The study is about PE teachers’ consideration of gender in the assessment as well as in the selection of lesson content. Semi-structured interviews were employed as method for the data collecting process. Four teachers were interviewed, teachers of PE in elementary and upper secondary school with varied length of professional experience and ages. The interviews were analyzed by the means of content analysis. The results indicate that teachers are gender-aware in sense that they see the student or individual rather than a group of individuals, assesses students' progression rather than the immediate performance and offer a wide range of lesson content so that it will fit all students. Furthermore, the results indicate that gender-aware teachers reflect on their own gender awareness and on what they can do better. Without a gender thinking in school the teaching quality will suffer.

     

    Keywords: Gender, Gender systems, Physical education and health, Sex, Pedagogy

  • 19.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Cricket -  a little more2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Interpreting sustainability using Robert Pirsig's quality levels: LILA-An Enquiry Into Morals2011In: Problemy Ekorozwoju, ISSN 1895-6912, E-ISSN 2080-1971, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 62-66Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Gröning, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Friskare förskola: Att förebygga smitta i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Haglund, Erika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Det finns ju extrauppgifter i boken": Matematikundervisningens upplägg och påverkan2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    In international studies like TIMSS u can see a descending trend in the results from the Swedish students. The purpose of this work is to investigate how teachers in there teaching work to help student with mathematical difficulties. In my attempts to find out how this is done I have interviewed teachers that teach first and second grade. My results show that the most important work isn’t about helping individual students but about changing the teaching for all students. The teaching needs to be less based on the textbook and contain more elements of handling concrete materials, discussion and co-operation between students. For this to happen the teachers need education and time to adapt to the new way of working.

     

  • 23.
    Handler, Reinhard Anton
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Collaboration without consensus - Free and Open Source Software as boundary object2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free and Open Source software (FOSS) has become a popular research object amongst scholars from various disciplines. Within the last decade studies from the humanities critically assessed the social, political, economic and cultural significance of non-proprietary software. By doing so, these studies (just to name a few: Coleman, 2013; Kelty, 2008; Weber, 2004) have a perspective in common that highlights the debates and differences among its participants.

    This contribution adds to the growing body of these critical software studies by focusing on the divergences in FOSS, employing the concept of a boundary object (Star & Griesemer, 1989). Interviews conducted at FOSDEM (Free and Open Source software developer meeting) show that the non-consensual setup of FOSS lets people from different communities of practice use it as a common point of reference (Chrisman, 1999) while allowing different standpoints, opinions, motivations, and values. These differences can be categorised on three levels: The disagreements between advocates of Free and Open Sources software is nothing new. However, the humanities’ focus on peer production, and personae such as the geek, the hacker and the activist have overshadowed that FOSS pairs amateurs and professionals. The growing professionalising of FOSS brings forward the important contributions by entrepreneurs, lawyers, community managers, and – not least - for-profit software companies. Lastly, this analysis concerns the coordination of particular non-proprietary software development projects, exemplifying that participants are granted to leave collaborative projects by copying (forking) the source code, disentangling from a project in order to use the same code as the basis of a new project. By considering these three levels, this paper asks whether FOSS can be conceived as cooperative work that links communities together in collective activities and identities or an alternative set of terms needs to be adapted to capture FOSS and its potential social consequences.

  • 24.
    Hasselström, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Pojkars inställning till dans: En studie i Sverige och Sydafrika2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work has been to find out what attitude the boys have towards dancing. To gather material conducted interviews with four boys from Sweden and four boys from South Africa to examine the boy’s attitude towards dancing. I wanted answers if the gender, culture or generation has an effect on the boys' attitude to dance. Two interviews were made with a teacher in Sweden and one in South Africa, which had responsibility for dance lessons at the school. Through these interviews, I wanted to know how they are planning a dance lesson and what role dance have in school in these countries. Of the outcome, I can see a difference between boys' attitude to dance in Sweden and South Africa. Dancing in South Africa is in everyday life and is considered to be part of the culture. They are dancing at leisure and at school. Overall, it seems that the boys who where interviewed in South Africa thought that dancing was fun and something they did often. In Sweden, few of the boys are dancing. Dance, is as a hobby after school, an exercise. The boys who where interviewed in Sweden found that dance was more for girls, while boys in South Africa thought dancing was for all. The school conducted continuous dance lessons in South Africa and the students had theoretical and practical teaching of dance. In Sweden, includes dance instruction in physical education and health. The teacher that was interviewed in Sweden didn’t dance much with the students, perhaps some time per semester. Dances to learn in Sweden are mostly traditional couples dances while the South African students danced the traditional and modern dances from their own and others' cultures. The outcome of the interviews with the boys in Sweden and South Africa and the literature I conclude that boys and girls today are dancing individual and your own dance has become important in comparison with all couple dances in the past. Dance for the boys today is a way to find their identity and discover themselves.

  • 25.
    Hegg, Ann-Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Grundsärskoleelevers inkludering i grundskolan: Några lärares perspektiv på vad som påverkar grundsärskoleelevers inkludering i grundskolan.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to describe the perspectives of some teachers on how students in special schools are affected by being included into regular schools.

    The method used to collect the data has been that of the qualitative research interview. The study is based on seven interviews with teachers at special schools and teachers at regular schools who work with students with intellectual disabilities that are completely or partly included in the regular schools.

    The theoretical basis for the study is Nilholm´s (2007) description of three perspectives on special education, the compensatory perspective, the critical perspective and the dilemma perspective.

    The result of the study shows that there are multiple factors affecting the inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities in the regularly schools. The factors emerged in this study are: the school organization, the impact of teachers, such as their attitudes towards and knowledge of the practice of inclusion, the development of social and cognitive skills of the students, as well as the students’ expressions of affection. The results of the study show both possibilities and obstacles for including students with learning disabilities, but the obstacles are greater.

    The conclusion to be drawn from this study is that there exist great possibilities for the development of inclusion of students with intellectual disabilities in the regular school. The development is necessary on all levels of the school system in order to create the conditions for successful inclusion. In this process there will be a demand for special education teachers who are able to assess the individual needs of these students.

  • 26.
    Häggstad, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    ROLIGT, GEMENSKAP, VÄLMÅENDE: En intervjustudie av lagidrottare och gymutövares uppfattning av fysisk aktivitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Fysisk aktivitet är ett mycket populärt och omtalat begrepp i dagens samhälle. Det finns mängder av positiva effekter av att ha en fysiskt aktiv livsstil. Trots detta så är fortfarande en stor del av befolkningen fysiskt inaktiva, samtidigt som hälso- och träningstrender växer lavinartat. Genom att intervjua fysiskt aktiva personer utifrån andra perspektiv för att förstå varför de är aktiva.

    Syfte Syftet är att undersöka personer som är fysiskt aktiva om deras uppfattningar av fysisk aktivitet. För att göra detta har jag använt mig av begreppet physical literacy.

    Metod Studien är en kvalitativ intervjustudie som genomförts med hjälp av en intervjuguide som baserades på tre dimensioner inom physical literacy. Dessa är motivation, självkänsla samt kunskap och förståelse.

    Resultat Resultatet visar att den vanligaste motivationen för respondenternas fysiska aktivitet är personlig utveckling eller att det är roligt. Nästan alla respondenter upplevde att deras fysiska aktivitet påverkat självkänslan på något sätt. De gjorde även olika saker för att trivas i eller förbättra sin fysiska aktivitet. Inom kunskap och förståelse så hade respondenterna en generell uppfattning om den fysiska livsstilen som mycket betydelsefull, de upplever fördelar från detta i andra aspekter i livet.

    Diskussion Respondenterna uppvisar grunderna för aspekter kring motivation, självkänsla samt kunskap och förståelse inom physical literacy. Möjlighet till fortsatt forskning inom de resterande dimensionerna alternativt andra målgrupper.

  • 27.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Den färgblinda antirasismen slår tillbaka2017In: Ras och vithet: Den svenska vitheten och svenska rasrelationer i går och i dag / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 237-251Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    From World Cinema to Intercultural Film: Fiction Film as Audio-visual Documents of Interculturality2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Intercultural film: Fiction Film as Audio-Visual Documents of Interculturality2017In: Journal of Intercultural Studies, ISSN 0725-6868, E-ISSN 1469-9540, ISSN ISSN 0725-6868, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 54-69Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Kannibalism som modernitetskritik: Antropofagi i global filmmodernism2013In: I gränslandet: Nya perspektiv på film och modernism / [ed] Daniel Brodén & Kristoffer Noheden, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2013, p. 47-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Livets slutskede på film: Från terminala romanser till kretsloppsestetik2013In: Omsorg: Nordisk tidsskrift for Palliativ Medisin, ISSN 0800-7489, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 23-26Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Jacobsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Malmsten, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Whose knowledge?: Academic ”culture shock” from an intercultural perspective2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Jangbo, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Vilka metoder använder   förskolans pedagoger sig av för att främja kvalitetsutveckling?: En undersökning av vilka verktyg som förskolans pedagoger bedömer varamer främjande än andra för förskolans utvecklingsarbete2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När kommunerna övertog utbildningsansvaret för förskola och skola på 90-talet uppmuntrades också förekomsten av lokal utveckling och mångfald och det var vid denna tidpunkt som ansvaret för kvalitetsutveckling av verksamheterna sköts ännu längre ut till att slutligen landa helt och hållet på rektorer och lärare. I samband med detta ökade krav på förskolans pedagoger och i samband med att förskolan fick en egen läroplan kom pedagogisk dokumentation att bli ett viktigt arbetsredskap för att följa barnens lärande och utveckling. Pedagogisk dokumentation har kommit att bli ett arbetsredskap som de allra flesta förskoleverksamheter använder sig av idag för att möjliggöra att detta krav blir till en realitet. Arbetsredskapet är dock ett väldigt brett begrepp som inbegriper flera olika verktyg som är användbara för att främja kvalitet och utveckling i förskolans verksamhet. Fokus för denna magisteruppsats har varit att undersöka vilka metoder inom pedagogisk dokumentation som förskolans pedagoger använder sig av för att främja kvalitetsutveckling, samt att undersöka om pedagogerna bedömer att några verktyg är mer främjande än andra för förskolans utvecklingsarbete.

    Med hjälp av webbenkäter har ett informationsunderlag kunnat samlas in via yrkesverksamma pedagoger i förskolan. Den insamlade informationen har sedan analyserats med hjälp av statistikprogrammet SPSS. Resultatet i denna studie visar att de verktyg som bedöms som mest främjande för förskolans utvecklingsarbete är förekomsten av olika former av måldokument. Även att kontinuerligt föra anteckningar kring de observationer och iakttagelser pedagogerna gör kring barnens utveckling och lärande är särskilt främjande i denna process. Kollegialt lärande anses också vara ett viktigt och uppskattat verktyg som främjar utveckling.

    Av undersökningens resultat är slutsatsen att de verktyg och metoder som ligger pedagogerna nära till hands också är de som upplevs vara mest främjande för förskolans utveckling.

  • 34.
    Jansson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Portfoliometodik: ett verktyg för reflektion2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Johansson, Josefin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Multimodala texter med fokus på smartboardtavlor: Skrivundervisning och elevers läs- och skrivutveckling med hjälp av smartboardtavla2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this investigation is to find out how teachers in three different schools in Swe-den teaches about read- and writing-developing and multimodal texts with the help from a smartboard. The investigation also aims to examine whether it gives a result on the pupils read- and writing-developing. The methods of this study have been three observations on each school, one interview at each school and pupil survey for all of the pupils in each class. The study has been based on both quality and quantitative research were the interview and the ob-servations mostly have been qualitative and the pupil surveys have been quantitative. The literature used in the result on this study have shown that multimodal texts increases with the help from the new technology that exits. It also shows that teachers and teachers students need a deeper digital competence so they can use the technology that exits on the schools and to know how to teach from it. The result of my investigations show that smartboards is a good and fun tool to use in the classroom were multimodal texts existed. The literature has shown that the multimodal texts can be a difficulty for some children when it comes to understanding pictures, but it also can result in easier knowledge accomplishment.

  • 36.
    Jäger, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Konflikter och konflikthantering i förskolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Karlsson Junkka, Matti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Uppfattningar om utevistelse i förskolan: En fenomenografisk analys2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this examination paper I’m using the qualitative method: phenomenographic analysis to present twenty educated and working pre-school teachers opinions about being outdoors in Swedish pre-school. The purpose is to describe the variation between different pre-school teachers’ opinions, not to focus on wrong or right.    The paper starts with a review over the opinions presented by the literature on the subject. After that I present the category system I’ve created based on the answers I’ve got from the interviews with the pre-school teachers. The category system have four main headlines: Physical and psychological records of being outdoors, the outdoor environment, being outdoors and the outdoor environment in the Child’s perspective and being outdoors in the pedagogues perspective.    In The ending chapter “Discussion/Analysis” I compare the literature with the pre-school teachers’ opinions and make the conclusions that good conditions for a qualitative time outdoors are: attending pedagogues manage to see possibilities in the outdoor environment, be conscious about what you are doing and why, never stress and have patience. Overall it doesn’t matter if you are indoors or outdoors you must always plan, have commitment and be full of happiness.

  • 38.
    Klewefjord, Evelina
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Estetiskt lärande i grundskolans tidigare år: En studie om pedagogers syn på estetik2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an essay that treats the matter aesthetic learning, with focus on the early school education. The aim with this study was to find out what teachers’ opinions are regarding aesthetic learning, and how they use it during classes. I wanted to uncover why it is important with aesthetic learning, how an aesthetic way of education is treated, and finally if the teachers apply an aesthetic learning in their way of educating. The research has been conducted with a quantitative method. Four schools participated in the survey and everyone who partook in the questionnaire is working as teachers or as recreation instructions.

    The conclusion from this essay and questionnaire are that most of the educationalists are positive to apply an aesthetic way of educating. They seem to have noticed that the pupils are doing better in school when using aesthetic learning. This effect they believe is achieved because their pupils become more active during these lessons and also remembers the thing they learn for a longer time. The literature used in this study sustains this claim and illustrates several different reasons to use aesthetic learning during classes. Almost all of the teachers and recreation instructors who answered the poll claims to be working in an aesthetic kind of way. The opportunity to learn with all parts of the body is important, to the pupil, in order to strengthen the learning process and make the knowledge taught permanent.

  • 39.
    Leila, Testouri
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Att arbeta med nyanlända barns språkutveckling i det svenska språket: Förskollärares tankar om deras språkutvecklande arbetssätt med nyanlända barn i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to highlight preschool teachers’ thoughts of newly arrived children linguistics. The study is based on three issues that are created from the purpose. The study follows a qualitative approach through interviews with four preschool teachers at two different preschools in a medium-sized municipality. The teachers were employed in preschool and all worked with newly arrived children.

    The result showed that preschool teachers experience difficulties and obstacles in the work with the newly arrived children. Partly because they lacked education or tools to promote the children's lingustic development and also because a lack of time. Preschool teachers considered that the native lagnuage was an important part of the children's lingustic development and the results showed that the children had very different access to their native language in preschool. It also appeared that the preschool teachers used different methods, some as a conscious method of working, while others felt their way forward. The preschool teachers all agreed that children learn in interaction with other children and adults, and that was a central part of the preschool activities.

  • 40. Leistert, Oliver
    et al.
    Röhle, Theo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Crowdfunding of Academic Books: A Case Study2014In: The Para-Academic Handbook: A Toolkit for making-learning-creating-acting / [ed] Wardrop, Alex; Withers, Deborah, Bristol: HammerOn Press , 2014, p. 164-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    If crowdfunding were to become a viable alternative for scholarly publishing, this seems like a promising way to finance academic publications beyond the traditional regimes of funding. For us, this was reason enough to start an experiment aiming at crowdfunding the publication of a book. This chapter is a report of the campaign – and its failure.

  • 41.
    Lennartson, Agneta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    ”Matematik finns överallt och ingenstans”: Med fokus på pedagogernas arbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to find out how teachers apply the knowledge they get from mathematics pilots in preschool and from mathematics developer in the municipality, as well as how they work further towards the children with mathematics.

    The study is based on qualitative interviews with two teachers, one mathematic pilot and one mathematic developer. I used the semi-structured interview questions.

    The results show that teachers believe that mathematics pilots will inspire the teachers in their work with mathematics in preschool. One of the teachers who were interviewed said:

    “Mathematics pilots should be those that have the strongest glasses and coming up with new ideas and they push the rest of the teachers in their work with mathematics in relation to children in preschool”.

    The teachers use the correct terms for mathematical concepts with the children. They also stressed how important it is to point out to the kids that it is mathematics that they are doing.

    The conclusion of the study is that the teachers agree that it is their approach towards the children that is important and how they can lead the children’s interest of mathematics forward. To get into the mathematics of everyday life is something that teachers feel is important. The teachers all agree that math is everywhere in daily life and does not always has to be a planned activity.

  • 42.
    Liljendahl, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Estetikens didaktik: En studie om lärares uppfattning om estetik i förskola och skola2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    I denna uppsats valde jag att göra en undersökning med syftet att beskriva och förstå varför lärare i förskolan och skolan anser att man ska jobba med estetik. Vidare ville jag också beskriva och förstå vad lärarna i förskolan och skolan anser att barnen ska lära sig och utveckla genom estetiken, och även hur detta bör gå till, dvs. vilka metoder de använder för att nå målen.

    Som undersökningsmetod använde jag mig av kvalitativ halvstrukturerad forskningsintervju och jag intervjuade fyra lärare med olika lång erfarenhet inom området.

    Genom arbetet med detta examensarbete (genom läsandet av litteratur och mina intervjuer) har jag bland annat kommit fram till att estetisk didaktik handlar om att barnen är delaktiga och får inflytande i sitt eget lärande och sociala utveckling. Estetiken öppnar många dörrar för barnen och de får lära sig att det finns flera olika sätt att lära och ta till sig kunskaper på. I estetiskt lärande är också ofta den lärande processen viktigare än målet, alltså på vilket sätt man får kunskaper. Genom temaarbeten som utgår ifrån barnens egna idéer ges barnen möjligheten att jobba med, stimulera och utveckla alla sina sinnen. När du läser någonting i en bok kan du läsa det och sedan glömma bort det. Estetiskt lärande ger däremot kunskaper som sitter kvar i hela kroppen och glöms inte lika lätt bort.

    Nyckelord: Estetik, didaktik, temaarbete, skapande, sinneskunskap

  • 43.
    Lindell, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Vilken bok ska vi välja?: En fokusgrupsstudie om pedagogers val av litteratur till förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this study is language and narration. The aim is to examine how educators reason by the choice of literature to work with in preschool. In my study I have examined how educators reason for the selection of books for preschool, which factors in the book affects the choice and the children’s influence. The empirical material is based on two focus groups. The participating educators in the examination discussed the subject together. By using three chosen books the educators in my study have reasoned around how the choice of books is done in preschool, what in the book is meaningful by the choice and the influence of the children. The result of the study shows that the educators reason towards a thematic aim by choice of books to work with in preschool. It also shows that the pictures are a central part for the children’s understanding of the book and also that the library is of great importance for the selection of litterateur for preschool.

  • 44.
    Lindh, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Konstruktionen av kön i djursånger för barn i förskolans kontext: Kritisk diskursanalys av sångtexter i förskolan ur ett genusvetenskapligt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to examine how the understanding of gender is constructed in the pre-school context through song lyrics. I choose only to study song texts about animals to see what undetected structures regarding gender that may lay behind the lyrics. I used the gender perspective to highlight the norms reflected by the texts. The gender perspective has helped me as a tool to clarify how these structures can affect us. This is a qualitative survey and is based on a critical discourse analysis of about 30 songs texts about animals. The results that emerged showed that several of the songs I analyzed could be influenced by different stereotypes.  Among the subject that I looked at was the current gender order and the heteronormativity as well as empirical material that reflects the queer perspective. The normative structures that shape our society and in the song texts that I analyzed could affect us on how we perceive ourselves and others in our surroundings. This could thus affect children's development of self-identity and the child's understanding of oneself towards their surrounding regarding their gender.

  • 45.
    Lindqvist, Linda
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    How Views on Presentations Change Pupils' Premises: A Study on Similarities and Differences between Presentations2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this essay was to show the pupils as presenters from their own and their teachers’ perspective. This was done regarding presentations by studying and comparing the applicability of the two structuralist theories media ecology theory and structural semiotic theory. The theories were used as model bases, aimed to correspond to opinions and experiences of Swedish upper secondary school pupils. Through a didactic approach, I intended to find out how pupils’ relations to presentations differ depending on how they regard them. Focus was on if they thought of presentations as comprehensive experiences or found similar elements in mediated and unmediated presentation contexts. An empirical field study was accomplished through qualitative interviews with pupils and teachers. The word “presentation” was treated as a discourse since data showed that respondents included diverse meanings and functions in the word. The analysis was based on the qualitatively collected empirical data that were applied on my models. Constructionism functioned as theoretical framework. My study indicated that the discourse presentation needs to be investigated further. 

     

  • 46.
    Lundqvist, Klara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Social träning på fritidshemmet2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete har varit att ta reda på hur arbetet kring social träning ser ut i några fritidshem. Vilka arbetsmetoder och arbetssätt har de i verksamheterna? Jag syftar också till att genom detta arbete utveckla mig själv som fritidspedagog inom detta område då den sociala träningen påverkar eleverna i deras framtid. Jag genomförde strukturerade intervjuer med kvalitativa svarsalternativ och enkätfrågor, pedagogerna valdes ut efter att de skulle ha en fritidspedagogutbildning. Resultatet av detta arbete är att jag har fått svar på hur det ser ut i några fritidshem angående den sociala träningen. Jag har fått veta vad pedagogerna anser att social träning är, de anser att det är viktigt och att det är en stor del av fritidshemmet. Informanterna menar att pedagogerna på ett fritidshem ska vara medvetna, rätt utbildade och ta sitt uppdrag på allvar. Slutsatserna av detta arbete är att fritidspedagogerna som jag har intervjuat har med den sociala träningen i sina verksamheter, med eller utan speciella metoder, och även om de inte är helt nöjda med hur allting ser ut idag är de positiva till att arbeta med social träning och vill förbättra sig. Jag har också fått fram att fritidspedagogernas tankar angående den sociala träningen i stor del överensstämmer med vad forskningen säger. För att ge ett exempel så tycker alla informanter som jag har intervjuat att den sociala träningen på fritidshemmet är viktig och Birgitta Kimber (2007, s 5) skriver ”Att kunna skapa och bevara relationer är något av det viktigaste vi kan lära oss för att få ett fullödigt liv”.

  • 47.
    Magnusson, Li
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Musik en gemensam plats: Musikens betydelse för kenyanska elevers lärande2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Mc Ewen, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning.
    On the role of new findings of epigenetics which could influence gender research2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Myhr, Sophie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Beäff, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Volontärturism: -En studie om volontärers engagemang i Kenya2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws attention to the phenomenon of volunteer tourism that is considered to be more of a beneficial form of travel, where volunteers sign up voluntarily to volunteer with various projects around the world, a form of tourism that is mutually beneficial to both parties.

    The projects vary but the most common is to work in orphanages, education, environmental and natural issues and medical assistance. The purpose of this study is to conceptualize what volunteer tourism is and its implications, and examine how a volunteer tourist everyday looks, including their duties, responsibilities and experiences in Kenya. Later on, we also investigate the volunteer tourists' expectations versus the actual experience on their journey to the host nation. To get answers to our purpose and research questions, we conducted interviews with eight volunteers, two of which took place in Nairobi, Kenya, and six interviews by email.

    Furthermore, interviews were conducted with two different volunteer organizations, national and international. The organizations interviewed were ICYE and PeaceWorks. There are both non-profit- and commercial organizations that supply volunteers for various projects around the world. We have chosen to target the non-profit organizations, those two mentioned above.

    The results that emerged from the interviews were that whether volunteer tourism is considered a form of tourism or not can be discussed. Some similarities in the definitions of tourism and volunteer tourism emerged, however, did not the volunteers see themselves as tourists. It was also found that the cultural exchange that takes place at the volunteer travel was something that attracted and some volunteers were missing when they returned back home.

    On location in the host nation informants worked in microfinance and in orphanages where playing with the kids and everyday tasks characterized the days. The projects that offered vary, but the most common is to work in orphanages, education, environmental and natural issues and medical assistance. During leisure, the majority chose to discover the country and the surrounding countries, such as Zanzibar and Uganda. Through the interviews we also found out who the typical volunteer was, including target group, gender and age. Based on the information we received, we analyzed the results and later draw conclusions.

  • 50.
    Napiorkowski, Filip
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Högfors, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Multi-arenor: Inverkan på turismnäringen- flöden- och symboliska värden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sports centers, and in the case of this study, ice hockey arenas, have begun to bear more meaning than just an arena for sporting events and for the local athletic association. More and more stadiums have been developed into so called multi-purpose stadiums, and that means that those stadiums can host more than one form or type of event, whether it is a concert, sports meet or a convention. This study focuses on three different multi-purpose stadiums in three different Swedish cities. These stadiums are Läkerol Arena in Gävle, Löfbergs Arena in Karlstad and Cloetta Center in Linköping. By studying these stadiums, the authors of this study want to examine the phenomenon with multi-purpose stadiums. The authors want to see how much a multi-purpose stadium of this sort affects the tourism in a city that has one such stadium, furthermore if said stadium can be able to create new possibilities for events, if the stadium improves the city’s image and if such a stadium can become a symbol for a city or region.

    To better understand this phenomenon, this study will follow the producers’ perspective, that is, focus on the different producers that help develop the arena, attract new events as well as the producers of the tourism industry in these cities. This paper will use methods for research that focus on qualitative interviews with different producers, that is, those in charge of the stadiums and those in charge for the tourism industry in each city. This study furthermore includes a content analysis of these different cities’ travel brochures, to see how the stadium is being branded in said brochures. In addition to the brochures, the regional development plans of Gävle, Karlstad and Linköping, have also been studied to see whether or not the stadium in each city is included in their plans for further development. The epistemological approach of this study is of a social-constructivist type with hermeneutic interpretation learning.

    The various theories used for this paper, help to illustrate the problem area and further answer the aim of this study. These theories have their roots in events, sporting events, multi-purpose stadiums, event planning, competition, regional development, image-making and symbolism. The empiric data is presented further through chapters 5 to 7, where the first of these chapters focuses on existing branding and planning, thus presenting the information gathered from brochures and regional development plans whereas the remaining two chapters present the information gathered from the interviews that where conducted during this study, and thus focus on the producers thoughts, hopes and work methods to create a highly attractive stadium.

    The last chapters consist of the analysis of the gathered empirical as well as the theoretical material, where a discussion is held about the affected fields, to come to conclusions that mark the ending of this study. The main conclusions being the contribution the various stadiums make towards broader event possibilities for the various cities as well as the improved images of said cities with the help of these multi-purpose stadiums and the symbolic value these stadiums have brought to the cities and regions they are built in. To conclude this, these stadiums have had a positive impact on the tourism flows within their cities. Although, one must remember that these stadiums are most relevant to the hockey teams that play in these stadiums. Furthermore, there are some social differences between the cities of Gävle, Karlstad and Linköping that differentiate these cities from one another, but the overall traits are still very similar between these three study objects.

12 1 - 50 of 69
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf