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  • 1.
    Aasen, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Vi har sett och hört den, men var då?: En enkätundersökning om barns och vuxnas relation till instrumentet trumpet2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose is to investigate whether children and parents know the instrument trumpet and the beliefs they have about this instrument.  

     

    My questions are:

     

    • What do 6 and 7-year-olds and their parents know of the instrument trumpet? 
    • What are their beliefs concerning the trumpet and what does the trumpet mean to them? 

     

    To find out about these questions, I have conducted a survey study in Arvika with children in first grade and their parents. 33 adults and 34 children from three schools took part in the survey.

     

    The results showed that knowledge of the trumpet are quite good among 6 and 7-year-olds and their parents. All the respondents in this survey know what the trumpet is, and over one-third of the 67 respondents know about someone who plays the trumpet. Among the children exist no big "celebrity" trumpet player. Instead they mention friends or acquaintances that play the instrument. There were some well-known musicians among adults but it was often aging jazz trumpeters. 6 and 7-year-olds are pretty open-minded about trumpet. They seem to consider both that young, old, men and women could be playing the trumpet. The parents, however, think that men dominate playing the trumpet. Otherwise are the parents also pretty open-minded. The music school appears to have a strong name in Arvika. Many respondents stated that it´s possible to contact the music school if you want to start playing the trumpet. The results also showed that the trumpet is not considered as boring. Most people put it midway between boring and fun to play.

     

    Based on the findings in this study, the trumpet seems to be a well-known and somewhat appreciated instrument among the respondents. At the same time it seems to be a bit out of range from a satisfying reputation.

     

  • 2.
    Adams, Paul C.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). University of Texas at Austin, USA.
    Geographies of media and communication II: Arcs of communication2018In: Progress in Human Geography, ISSN 0309-1325, E-ISSN 1477-0288, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 590-599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some of the most perceptive contributions to the geographic study of media and communication have been in areas of landscapes studies and geohumanities. To bring landscape and geohumanities insights together more explicitly with communication and media, this progress report draws on George Revill’s concept of an ‘arc of sound’, expanding the concept’s scope to an arc of communication – a dynamic trajectory connecting one vantage point to another through various translations and shifts. It is a mix of integration and translation that forms its own space, place and time, integrating elements of embodied performance, multiple sensory modalities, temporality, absence and excess. Arcs of communication often depend on collaboration and can produce transformations of identity. The concept of the arc of communication enables discovery of numerous threads connecting landscape studies to geohumanities while deepening geographical understandings of media and communication.

  • 3.
    Adamsson, Sophie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    "Att vara bred är en tillgång": En kvalitativ intervjustudie av fyra sångpedagogers syn på genreval i sångundervisningen på gymnasiet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how individual singing lessons for high school students differ depending on to which extent the vocal coach is driven by their own interests concerning genre. The study is based on four semi-structured interviews where two vocal coaches have their home turf in classical music, and two vocal coaches have their home turf within the african american genres. The study is of comparative nature where the focus is on eventual similarities and differences between vocal coaches’ viewpoints within the two genres. The theoretical perspective of the study takes its stand in the socio cultural perspective and how cultural tools and surroundings affect teaching and learning.The result of the study shows that the vocal coaches have more conformed opinions than they have conflicting ones when it concerns informed choices in genre, how their own interests affect their teaching and the views on the curriculum in relation to the lesson and its content. The interviewees differ when it comes to how they plan lessons for beginners and how they themselves listen to music. In the discussion the themes that surface in the result are discussed from a socio cultural perspective. These themes are: informed and uninformed choices concerning genre, the curriculum as a tool in teaching and the teachers’ own personal interests concerning genre. The conclusion is that the different tools the vocal coaches use affect how they work in and surrounding their teaching of high school students. 

  • 4.
    Adamsson, Sophie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Kan jag låta sådär?: En observationsstudie med fokus på "edge" i sångmetoden "komplett sångteknik"2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to get a deeper insight of what it means to develop a new singing technique. To study this I have practiced edge ten minutes per day during a period of four weeks, five times a week. Three of these exercices have been videotaped. I have also used a logbook to document new experiences during the process. I have a socio-cultural perspective as a theoretical base in this study. In the result the different tools that were selected show how these were handled and how the process in learning has developed. The results show that the most central tools that were used were the body, the method book, the piano chair, the wall and a song. In the discussion I describe, from a socio-cultural perspective, what the conditions have been, and which tools I have used. 

  • 5.
    Ahl, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Lika förutsättningar för lärande: En studie om trumundervisning på musik- och kulturskola ur ett genusperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to, from a gender perspectice, explore how the drum kit lessons in three music and culture schools are performed. To investigate this, three qualitative interviews and six participant video observations have been implemented. Previous studies show that music teachers expect a feminine and masculine style of their students, that it is difficult as a girl to position themselves in a way that challenges the local gender regime while it is difficult to be traditionally feminine - moderate and controlled – when playing instruments such as electric bass and drum kit. In the present studies results, drum teachers’ views on drum teaching are shown but also how they conduct their teaching, and how boy- and girl students are handled in teaching. It emerges that teachers largely adapt teaching to students’ personalities and individual circumstances and not to gender, but the drum teachers express certain prejudices which may indicate that they expect to see a feminine and masculine style of their students. There is a discussion about the problems of instruments and professions being gender-coded, which can affect students’ learning conditions, and teacher prejudices and that teachers have to adapt to the students and not vice versa.

  • 6.
    Albertsson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Kreativt skapande på gymnasiets estetiska program: Lärares och elevers syn på kreativt skapande och komposition inom enskild instrumental- och sångundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to explore teachers' and pupils' views regarding creative music production and composition within individual instrumental and vocal tuition in arts program at upper secondary school. The research questions is: How describes teachers and students the use of composition and arrangement in instrument and song tuition? How do they look upon on creativity in these activities? How do they look upon creativeness? The study is based sociocultural perspective and the method is qualitative interviews. The results show three themes: The creative instrument, Creativity and Attitudes about composition. In the last chapter, improvisation as a creative tool in the moment is discussed, as well as the presence of composition and creation and the approach to composition and creation in upper secondary school. 

  • 7.
    Albinson, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att hitta stabilitet: med FMT-metoden som redskap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med detta examensarbete vill jag redogöra för hur Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi kom till, och vad dess metod (den s.k. FMT-metoden) går ut på. Med två fallbeskrivningar vill jag redovisa hur jag arbetat med metoden med två personer. Utifrån de två fallbeskrivningarna ska jag försöka svara på om, och hur FMT kan skapa förutsättningar för utveckling av stabilitet.

     

    Min slutsats är att jag, med hjälp av olika sätt att ställa upp instrument, användning av attribut och sätt att utforma en session, kunnat stärka och utveckla de två personernas stabilitet.

  • 8.
    Almer, Alicia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Kulturskolan - en skola för alla?: En diskursanalytisk studie om musiklärares syn på arbete för inkludering och ökad mångfald i kulturskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine music teachers’ views on the work for inclusion and increased diversity in Swedish Community School of Music. The study’s research question concern how music teachers’ construct and legitimate their views on the work for inclusion and increased diversity in Swedish Community School of Music. To examine this three focus group interviews were held at three different schools. The theoretical framework of the study is discourse theory and the data generated from the focus group interviews has been processed and analyzed with discourse analytical tools. In the result the six discourses found are presented based on the teachers’ constructions about the work for inclusion and increased diver- sity in Swedish Community School of Music. These discourses is about how the work for inclusion and increased diversity is seen as given, as contradictive, as social developing, as ex- ternal activity, as difficult and as mutual responsibility. The result also shows parents and school as two contextual factors which affects the discourses in different ways. In the discussion two more general contrarious discourses, about the work for inclusion and increased diversity as obvious and non-obvious, are discussed in relation to previous presented literature.

  • 9.
    Alvsten, Minea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Tack för musiken: FMT med två vuxna som har multifunktionshinder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete beskriver jag Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi (FMT) och mitt terapiarbete med två vuxna adepter med multifunktionshinder i ett sydfranskt boende.

    Med utgångspunkt från min frågeställning ”Hur mycket har rörelsemönstren, uthålligheten och beteenden hos dessa adepter ändrat sig positivt genom den strukturerande FMT-metoden?” kommer jag fram till följande resultat: Med hjälp av FMT har mina adepter fått ökad uthållighet och förbättrade rörelsemönster. I ett fall har även beteendet förbättrats tydligt.

  • 10.
    Andersen, Hedda Lund
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    En del av Adele: En självobservationsstudie av en konstnärlig process kring instuderingen av en operaroll2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can I – as a teacher student at a college of music – study an opera role? I have examined this question by observing the process of studying the opera role as Adele from The Bat by Johann Strauss. My theoretical perspective is partly based on Design for Learning combined with examining the artistic procedure itself. The results is systemazied under the headers Reasources and tools and The Process.  The result chapter shows the komplexitity in studying and learning an opera role. Laughter as a tool in opera was one of the most interseting results. This investigation could be seen as a preparation for a possible future career at the same time as the pedagogical aspects are examined.

     

  • 11.
    Andersen, Hedda Lund
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Vilken vacker klang hon har!: En intervjustudie kring begreppen klang, timbre och klangfärg hos sopraner2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the soprano timbre, how university teachers defines the term and how the work with it in teaching. Previous research presented different answers about the meaning of the term timbre. It’s a qualitative study and based on the theoretical perspective design theory and social semiotic. The method used is stimulated recall interviews, which in the present case is both a video observation of a singing lesson and an interview occasion where the teachers are interviewed one by one. The interview is semi-structured and the teachers got to tell about their opinion about a beautiful sound, and the work with timbre. The video is used as a basis for the interview. The result is divided into the categories "The opinion of" and "the work with" timbre.The opinion of timbre is also divided into the headings: sound as innate, developable and communicative ability and also the term timbre being not useful. The work with the timbre is based on verbal, singable, physical and emotional representations. In the discussion, the aspect is further discussed if a beautiful sound can seem to be innate or developable, as well as the multimodality and its resources. The discussion also discusses aspects of the work with the sound as direct or indirect or as a physical phenomenon versus an abstract phenomenon. In addition, the beautiful timbre of the multimodality is discussed. 

  • 12.
    Andersson, Albin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Ett tjänstedesignprojekt för bättre handhygien i vården: "Att göra en Albin"2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project has been a first attempt by the student to use service design in a real project. The problem was that in the health care today exists big problems due to bacteria and viruses such as winter vomiting disease strikes entire wards and forces the hospitals to close them which in turn causes huge financial loses. Winter vomiting disease is highly contagious and all it takes is someone to forget to wash his or her hands properly for the virus to spread to the entire ward.

    In this project service design methodology has been used to find out why contagious infections exist on the orthopedic clinic at Central hospital in Karlstad and also what can be done to improve hand hygiene and reduce the risk for further spread of contagious infections at the orthopedic clinic.

    Observations were made at the clinic from the view of patients, nurses and doctors. Service design methods such as customer journeys and desktop walkthroughs were used to visualize patients’ journeys and create solutions together with doctors and nurses to create the possibilities for better hand hygiene.

    The result was a concept that increases the visibility of the hand rub stations and a proposition on how these stations shall be positioned at the clinic.

    The name “To do an Albin” was coined due to the field studies that were done at an orthopedic clinic by one of the projects contacts at Värmland County Council.

    Research was also made into how service design has been part of health care development both nationally and internationally, and how service design can contribute to better health care.

    Employer has been Tomas Edman at Innovationsslussen Vivan.

    The work was made in the course Degree Project for Degree of Bachelor of Science In Innovation and Design Engineering (MSGC12) at the University of Karlstad. Monica Jacobsson has supervised the project and Fredrik Thuvander has been examiner. 

  • 13.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Metodiken i praktiken: Flöjt- och oboelärares syn på undervisningsmetodik2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how flute and oboe teachers experience the phenomenon of methodology. To achieve this goal, the study is based on the following research questions: What are the oboe teachers view on methodology as tools in their instrumental education? What are the flute teachers view on methodology as a tool in their instrumental education? Which similarities and / or differences are there in the methodology as a tool for music instrument education on flute and oboe? The study is presented in a qualitative case study at music schools in Sweden with three flute teachers and three oboe teachers and is based on the theoretical perspective phenomenology. The research method for the study is based on semi structured interviews which have then been transcribed and analyzed with thematic analysis. The result is presented in four themes. These four themes are: General music didactics, (wood)wind methodology, flute methodology and oboe methodology. The first theme is characterized by general lesson structures, exercises but also the teachers approach to methodology. The overall conclusion regarding the phenomenon of general music didactics is the meaning of the relationship work with the student but also external conditions that color the methodology. The second theme highlights the common areas of woodwind musicians and what it means to play a wind instrument. The teachers experience the phenomenon of breathing as a common and fundamental starting point, but also a common set of repertoires. The third and fourth themes highlights the differences between the flute and the oboe and the conditions for play. Some examples of the differences between the instruments are the double reed of the oboe which is something that flute does not have. Although flute and oboe are both wind instruments the result shows two different visions on blowing techniques. Flute playing is about the ability to release a lot of air while oboe playing is about holding back with air and resisting the high pressure that is created. In the following discussion chapter, the result is set in relation to previous literature and research.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Tre musikinstrument - En röst: En självstudie om omställningsprocesser mellan träblåsinstrument2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Three musical instruments – One voice. A study of the conversion process between a woodwind instrument to another. This area includes the flute, oboe and the alto saxophone. This study is based on observations of a six-week rehearsal process in relation to a sample of previous research and academic papers in the field. The study is aimed to explore the conversion process when I switch from one wind instrument to the other. This is to provide a deeper insight into a multiinstrumentalists everyday life and highlight all the phenomena that form the basis of the play for each instrument and then be included in the conversion process. This qualitative study is based on a life-world perspective and method logbook writing and video documentation. The result is supported by two themes: Inner voice and change of instrument-muscle change representing mental and physical actions. After the result is a discussion that is related to the literature and previous research in the area. The work concludes with thoughts about its importance as well as opportunities for future research.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Skräcken i Lådan: En studie om rumslig åskådarmedvetenhet i George A. Romeros tre klassiska skräckfilmer2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focus on the presentation of the filmic room the viewer sees in George A. Romero´s three horror classics Night, Dawn and Day of the Dead. The hypothesis goes as follow; fear and element of tension becomes greater if the audience/viewer has a good knowledge about the filmic room in the film, in other words, a good spatial awareness. The conclusion is that it does. The environment is active in its becoming and in its presentation to the viewer. Rooms and places, even objects, is a catalyst and a mean to create emotion. To tackle the problem regards to human emotion, which is highly subjective, ANT (actant-network-theory) is used. This theory is a tool to help decode what it is we find emotionally enticing regards to room and objects in the films.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Lars Gustaf
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Amateur and avant-garde: minor cinemas and public sphere in 1950s Sweden2008In: Studies in European Cinema, ISSN 1741-1548, E-ISSN 2040-0594, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 207-218Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17. Andersson, Lars Gustaf
    et al.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Amatör och avantgarde: de mindre filmkulturerna i efterkrigstidens Sverige2008In: Välfärdsbilder: Svensk film utanför biografen / [ed] red. Erik Hedling och Mats Jönsson, Stockholm: Mediehistoriskt arkiv/Statens ljud- och bildarkiv , 2008, p. 228-245Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18. Andersson, Lars Gustaf
    et al.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Whose Public Sphere? The Discourse on Amateur and Experimental Film in 1940s and 1950s Sweden2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Lars Gustaf
    et al.
    Lund University..
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Söderbergh Widding, Astrid
    Stockholm University.
    A History of Swedish Experimental Film Culture: From Early Animation to Video Art2010Book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Andersson, Lars Gustaf
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Söderbergh Widding, Astrid
    Stockholms universitet.
    Experimentfilmens behov & filmarkivets möjligheter2012In: Skosmörja eller arkivdokument?: Om filmarkivet.se och den digitala filmhistorien / [ed] Mats Jönsson & Pelle Snickars, Stockholm: Mediehistoriskt arkiv/Kungliga biblioteket , 2012, p. 67-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21. Andersson, Lars Gustaf
    et al.
    Sundholm, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Söderbergh Widding, Astrid
    I skuggan av spelfilmen: Svensk experimentell film2006In: Konst som rörlig bild / [ed] red. Söderbergh Widding, Stockholm: Langenskiölds , 2006, p. 15-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Andersson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Fiolpedagoger inom genren svensk folkmusik: En intervjustudie om undervisningsmetoder och pedagogiska förhållningssätt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are fundamental differences in methodologies and pedagogical approach between violin pedagogues of the genre of Swedish folk music. The comparison focuses on teachers with and without formal music teacher education in the genre. Four qualitative telephone interviews were the basis for the study, where two people each represented those with and without a degree. The theoretical starting point for the study has been the socio-cultural perspective. The results demonstrate that there is more connecting than separating the four teachers ate. Here is an emphasis on ear training teaching, joy and musical function, which belongs to the tradition of the Swedish folk music genre. This way of working is connected to the socio-cultural perspective, where tradition, social context, and physical artefacts are in focus. However, it is possible to see a clearer part of institutionalized knowledge among the teachers with formal teaching qualification. These teachers have a greater use of notes and a slightly more pronounced progression in education. They also have a greater openness to all music, while those without a music teacher education more purely focuses on Swedish folk music and what the genre's history is based on.

     

  • 23.
    Andersson, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Den ensamma saxofonisten: En musiker i en instrumentfamilj2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During my third year as a music teacher student on Musikhögskolan Ingesund I am the only one who studies classical saxophone as my major subject. My interest of playing saxophone quartet have always been great but when there is no opportunity for quartet playing, the interest and the desire to play quartet has grown even more. Therefore, this work is about saxophone quartet. The purpose has been to find out the challenges I experience when I play the four different saxophones in the quartet and when I study the respective saxophone's part in a quartet piece. In order to complete the study, I have mainly used a logbook where I have written about my experiences and then divided them into different categories; physical challenges, the challenges of the parts and the challenges of the instruments. The results show, among other things, differences in the studying of each saxophone´s part and the saxophones role in the quartet. It also shows differences in how I use my body to get an optimal sound on each saxophone. In the discussion of the work, my experiences are compared with research and information from literature mainly written by other saxophonists.

  • 24.
    Andreasson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Improvisera bara!: En diskursanalytisk studie om instrumentlärares syn på och arbete med improvisation inom enskild undervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine instrument teachers’ views on and work with improvisation in the individual instrumental education in upper secondary school and Swedish Community School of Music. The theoretical framework of the study is discourse psychology. To examine this, focus groups were used as method for data collection in which teachers from upper secondary school and music school talked about their views on improvisation. The conversations were recorded with both audio and image to later be transcribed and analyzed with discourse analysis to distinguish various discourses, in this study also referred to as interpretative repertoires. The result shows certain conflicting interpretative repertoires as the teachers describe their views on improvisation, such as Improvisation as something liberating and Improvisation as something inhibitory. The result shows that these conflicting interpretative repertoires can be spoken for by the same teacher. However, all the teachers in the study agrees that improvisation isn’t bound to a specific genre, although they admit that it is more focused on in certain contexts. Moreover, the effects and functions that different interpretative repertoires have on teachers’ work also appear. Mimicry exercises are a recurring way to teach improvisation without a specific context of genre, as described by the teachers. In the discussion the most prominent interpretative repertoires from the result are discussed in relation to the theoretical framework as well as previously presented literature and research within the subject matter.

  • 25.
    Andréasson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Tekniskt sett: En självstudie av teknikövning på elgitarr2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine my own learning process and how my playing is affected when practicing guitar technique. I documented one practice session every week during the appointed practice period, using the help of video documentation. I also used a logbook as a compliment to document what happened during the learning process. A design theoretical perspective was used as a basis for the study. In the result section, I describe how I designed my practicing and what consequences this had for my playing. The use of many different types of resources for learning turned out to provide positive results. Over time I developed structure and accuracy in my practice. In the last section I discuss how my orchestration of resources created opportunities to practice guitar technique, and how this orchestration changed over time. I also discuss the importance to begin all practice in a pleasant tempo as well as the importance to practice with structure and accuracy.

  • 26.
    Andrésen, Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Från periferi till piedestal2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This paper is a study in press reception with the intent to examine how twelve female actionheroes have been portrayed in Swedish media between 1974 – 2006. The purpose is to discern patterns and differences in how the female movie character is received by their contemporary journalists and to relate their views to social and gender related theories.

     The female actionhero is an independent and brutal character, often alone and without a mother or a child. This separates her from typical female roles, which historically been characterized by passivity, fear and dependency on the male characters in the movie.

     The female actionhero as a character opens up for complex reception. One perspective in the research identifies the independent woman as a feministic icon. Other researchers and writers relate her masculine attributes, sexual charisma and the movies' financial driving force as a projection of male fantasies.

     The summarization of the critique expressed by Swedish press journalists based on 124 movie reviews and other film related articles expose noticeable differences. From a girl who stood in the shadow of male heroes to a coarse woman who surpass them. But there are still areas in which 30 years haven’t changed a thing. Critics still fixate on the female heroe's physical appearance and her achievements are with few exceptions compared to men, and not other women. The critic reception also establishes that journalists since 1974 have become less inclined to apply gender or other social theories to the movies and female heroes. A gender related perspective is despite an independent and strong woman in the background for other perspectives while male critics are in comparison to female critics significantly more inclined to apply feministic theories to movies with female actionheroes.

  • 27.
    Annebäck, Jenny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    A Minor Field Study on development of recycling service for used PET bottles at hotels in Uganda2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through interviews, research, observations and the use of service design methods the author of this report, Jenny Annebäck, executed a Minor Field Study within the field of recycling of PET bottles in Uganda. The project work resulted in thorough studies of service design thinking and methodology, sustainable development, the market and situation in Uganda as well as the consumer group concerned about sustainable development. The result was a pre-study of a future development of a recycling service, visualized through two stakeholder maps, personas and a customer journey map. These three tools constitutes a beginning and a solid ground for further work with developing the service. A service that can contribute to a more sustainable development in the country of Uganda. In the report, examples are stated how to continue with the project as well as how it can be applied in other developing countries.

    The project work of this Minor Field Study(MFS) lasted from November 2011 until June 2012, as a degree project of 22,5 ECTS credits for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Innovation and Design Engineering at Karlstad University. The MFS program is organized by the Swedish International Programme Office for Education and Training and financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, enabling graduating students to perform a thesis in a developing country.

    Jenny Annebäck spent the first two months of the project time in Jinja, Uganda, together with her project partner Olga Sabirova Höjerström, both students at Karlstad University. The two project group members performed this Minor Field Study together with Sarah Keller, industrial designer and general manager at Uganda Innovation Factory(UIF). UIF is a product and graphic design company situated in Jinja, working with local designers to encourage Ugandan design and production for the global market. The supervising teacher of this project has been Monica Jakobsson and the examiner professor Fredrik Thuvander, both belonging to the Faculty of Technology and Science at Karlstad University. 

  • 28.
    Antonér, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Hur svårt ska det vara med lite text?: En självobservationsstudie av textinlärning i sång2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this independent project three kinds of strategies for learning with focus on learning lyrics is described and explored. For every new strategy a new song is used. The purpose is to explore and identify different kinds of resources when learning. The study is based on observations of myself in form of a logbook and video recordings over three weeks with a total of 15 practicing sessions in the fall of 2015. The starting point is a multimodal and design theoretical perspective. The result show how I use different resources when learning different lyrics by using three kinds of strategies for learning lyrics. Finally I discuss, in relation to the design theoretical perspective and earlier research.

  • 29.
    Antonér, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Icke-verbal kommunikation, det värdefulla verktyget: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om körledares uppfattningar om och arbetet med begreppet icke-verbal kommunikation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the conductors' perceptions of and work with non-verbal communication with choir performance. The background chapter describes previous research and literature on nonverbal communication. The results of the study came through three unstructured interviews, where three choir conductors reflected over the term non-verbal communication and how they apprehend the concept. The theoretical perspective underlying this study is the interpretative hermeneutic perspective. The results show that conductors use different non-verbal communication methods in their work with choir. The non-verbal communications that the choir leaders, among other things use are the piano, the voice, but they also how reflect over hos sheet music can be interpreted. It is also apparent that the three conductors have different views on conducting. The conductor’s thoughts rang from that conducting is a bad thing and should be used sparingly. Whilst other say that conducting is the most important tool and should not be neglected. In the conclusion, the results are discussed in relation to previous research and literature.

  • 30.
    Appelholm, Marika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Dudeladi vadå?: En studie i hur olika sångpedagoger, inom svensk folkmusik, använder sig av "trall" i sin undervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how singing-teachers, within the Swedish folk music-genre, use trall when they teach and if they eventually use it as a tool to improve singing technique. The foundation of the research is three qualitative interviews. The socio-cultural perspective has served as the study´s theoretical basis. The result of the study shows that all of the interviewees use trall a lot in their teaching and that they also use it as a tool. The interviewees think that trall has a lot of qualities that makes it a practical tool for practicing singing-technique. Examples of areas where trall can be used as practise is rhythm and pulse, breathing, articulation and movability within the voice. The interviewees also think that trall has social parameters which makes it a good tool for becoming a part of the folk-music discourse. 

  • 31.
    Aschbacher, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Konsert och fjärilar i magen: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om musikstudenters upplevelser av nervositet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the ways in which music college students experience the phenomenon of nervousness at concerts. To achieve this purpose, the following questions of research are used: In what ways do music students experience nervousness before, during and after concerts? What differences do the music students experience between different music genres concerning performance anxiety? What are the positive factors of performance anxiety according to the music students? The background chapter describes previous research on nervousness such as: experience of nervousness, differences between music genres and if there are any positive aspects of nervousness. Phenomenology and the psychology of music are the theoretical basis for this study. To answer the questions of this research study qualitative semi-structured interviews are used. The interviews were transcribed and analysed with a thematic analysis. The result shows that the phenomenon nervousness at concerts consists of the themes: Affective loaded nervousness before and during the concert, and Feelings after the concert. The themes related to affective loaded nervousness before and during concerts consists of: Bodily reactions, To be more or less exposed, Expectations, The environment is important, Preparation, Shaking and sweating, Analytical thoughts, The audience affects on nervousness, Joy, disappointment and getting a distance the to performance and Feelings of fatigue. In the result it was shown that the informants perceived differences in stage fright depending on music genre and environment. The results also showed the positive aspect of nervousness that prevails into focus and energy. The informants experience that classical musicians have more pressure on themselves than other musicians and that the environment of the concert halls are not a relaxed setting. The discussion set these themes in relation to previous research, literature, music psychology and phenomenology.

  • 32.
    Aschbacher, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Konsten att spela a prima vista: En observationsstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to observe and understand my learning process in

    sight-reading from a socio-cultural perspective. The second chapter is about the

    methods and strategies which can improve sight-reading and about the

    thoughts of sight-reading by musicians of today. Video recordings and a logbook were used to observe my practice in sight-reading. In this practice pedagogic sight-reading materials and songbooks with a wide repertoire also were used. The result showed that the use of tools like; metronome, work of material, the body, and notes of music improved my practice. For a good result a good posture and technique also proved to be important. In the last chapter my theme results, metronome, material, posture, retakes and notes of music were compared with previous research and literature.

     

  • 33.
    Asplund, Sanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Kan det verkligen stämma?: En fenomenologisksjälvobservation av intonationsövning på tvärflöjt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on the unwillingness to practice on instruments and the purpose of the study is to examine the thoughts and feelings that arise during practice. In this case, the intonation practice on the flute is the focus. The work presents previous research and literature on practicing, motivation, intonation and intonation on the flute. The material used for the study has been collected through logbook. The result presents how different aids, the room in which the practice takes place and how the wellbeing affects the practice. The result is also about the emotions that arise during practice and how these feelings change over a long period of continuous practice.

  • 34.
    Axelsson, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    ”Cutting to the chase”: An analysis of suspenseful editing2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Looking at the films made by the master of suspense himself, Alfred Hitchcock, and the fundamental elements of editing and Soviet montage theory, this essay investigates how the technical aspect of editing can enhance the sense of suspense in motion pictures. These theories are applied in an analysis of Walter Hill’s neo-noir film The Driver (1978), in order to clarify and further discuss how editing is used to affect the viewer. 

  • 35.
    Baaz, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Det är inte en katt! Det är en häst!: En studie om bildskapande i förskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with more knowledge about the pedagogue’s view of children’s image forming. To explore this, I have chosen to use semistructured qualitative interviews as the method, in the study there has been 5 interviews preformed. This study is based on Lev Vygotskijs socio-cultural perspective of learning. In my result I found that communication is a very large part of the interpretation of children’s pictures and that image forming is supposed to be on the children’s terms. The interviewed pedagogues pointed out that it is very important that you ask the child about what they have painted and not to have a preconceived thought.

  • 36.
    Backman, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Dra ett solo!: En självobservationsstudie i sångimprovisation inom jazztraditionen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how I practice vocal improvisation within the jazz genre with a focus on which resources are being used, how they are being used and in what way they might contribute to learning improvisation. To execute this I documented my practice sessions through video filming and the keeping of a log book. The theoretical perspective in this essay has been design theory. The result shows which resources have been used, and how they have been used. The resources in question are apps, gesticulation, imitation, piano, speech and text as well as music theory. In the discussion the significance of social context is discussed, as well as the conditions for learning vocal improvisation through the resources shown in the result. Also discussed is the multi modality of the resources.

  • 37.
    Backman, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Jag kan inte sjunga det här, kan vi byta tonart?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av sångpedagogers syn på musikteori inom ramen för sångundervisning.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine voice teachers’ views on and work with music theory in singing lessons. The study’s research questions concern how voice teachers construct their views on the subject music theory within the framework of the singing lesson and how voice teachers construct their work with music theory within the framework of the singing lesson. To examine this semi structured interviews were held with four singing teachers working in high school. The theoretical framework of the study is discourse theory with some inspiration from discourse psychology. The interviews were recorded via audio recording and were then transcribed and analyzed. The analysis was conducted with tools from the chosen theoretical framework. In the result the six discourses found are presented, also presented is the fact that they conflict with each other in pairs of two: music theory as a necessary tool for singing versus music theory as an unnecessary tool for singing, music theory as the voice teacher’s responsibility versus music theory as other teacher’s responsibility and music theory as not dependent on another instrument versus music theory as dependent on another instrument. The result also shows that different discourses can exist collaterally within the same conversation with a singing teacher. Furthermore, the result shows how the respondents, on the basis of the discourses, work with music theory during their lessons and how they give home assignments in music theory. In the discussion the discoursive battles presented in the result are discussed in relation to the theoretical framework as well as previous literature and research.

  • 38.
    Belin, Nils-Gunnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Att lära sig spela gitarr: Skolans betydelse för att lära sig spela gitarr?2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to enhance the music teacher’s understanding of student's perception of the advantages of today's conventional teaching methods. In my study I have assumed elements that I have found in previous studies that have shown to be important for music education quality. Through interviews, a number of students had described their understanding of specific tasks, like learning his/her first chord on the guitar. The difference between learning to play new chords on the guitar now and in the beginning. The results of the interviews were then compared with what was previously highlighted as important elements in achieving good quality music teaching. The results of this comparison show a consistent with previous research. A lot of elements mentioned in previous research were already implemented in the school studied, which was reflected in the results of the interviews. The conclusion of this is that with a well prepared plan for music education students are given good opportunities to succeed, which can make the difference between high achieving and low achieving students decreases. A didactic dilemma highlighted in my research is how the  music teacher should deal with individual help. 

  • 39.
    Bengts, Angelica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Sång - ett rent nöje?: En kvalitativ studie av metoder för att arbeta med tondövhet och falsksång i sångundervisning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe procedures of teaching persons who sing “out of tune” to sing more “in tune”. In the background chapter different theories from research and literature for reasons behind tone deafness and poor pitch singing is presented, along with methods that are recommended for the practical work with it. Furthermore the didactic perspective that the study has as its theoretical basis is described. In the method chapter the qualitative interview method, which has been used to carry out the result, is presented. The result summarises four interviewed persons´ descriptions of their theories around the reasons behind tone deafness and poor pitch singing, along with their methods for working with persons who are tone deaf/sing out of tune. The result is discussed in relation to the background chapter in the discussion chapter, where the interviewing persons’ views on the subject, along with their methods are compared to the researchers' and authors’ views and methods.

  • 40.
    Bengtsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    ”Hur 17 ska jag öva?”: En studie om olika tillvägagångssätt för övning för slagverkare2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how some selected approaches of learning, mediated by leading percussionist and percussion teachers, is used by and works for one students rehearsal of a musical work. These three approaches were used when practicing the Concerto for Marimba and Strings of Emanuel Sejourné. Audio recordings and log book was the basis for the analysis of what worked well for me in my own practice and how I experienced the different methods during exercise. The result shows that above all enjoyment factor is a contributor to a successful practicing. Other important factors reported are the importance of knowledge and the music before you start to practice and the importance of preventively practicing as a real concert. At the end, the results of the study is discussed in relation to the presented literature and previous research in the subject.

  • 41.
    Bengtsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    ”Ursäkta, kan jag få lite hjälp?”: En studie i hur musikundervisningen om klassisk musik på grundskolan kan berikas med hjälp utanför skolans värld.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how music profiled institutions can contribute to the musical education of classical music in elementary school. To achieve the purpose, five qualitative interviews were conducted with people who work on music profiled institutions. The theoretical starting points for this work is interpretativism, an inductive approach and pragmatism. The result shows two main themes: Experiencesand Training elements. The first main theme shows how music profiled institutions can offer experiences to contribute to the music during the display. The second main theme shows how music profiled institutions can be involved in, or responsible for, certain training elements in order to contribute to music education. The last chapter discusses the results in relation to the theoretical points and previous research.

  • 42.
    Bergendahl, Jonathan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Planerad övning: Jakten på effektivitet i övningsrummet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to watch how planning affects the efficiency of the studying of new repertoire. This study has a design theoretical perspective and is based on ideas from persons as Robert Schenck, Gunnar Lif, Harald Jørgensen, Johannes L. Hatfield and Roger Säljö. I have used video observation and a logbook to document and analyze the learning process. In the results, it is described which modes and resources that have been used as well as which didactic methods that have been used. Also, which of the two structures that was compared got the best results.Some of the modes and resources that were used was the body, voice, piano, iPhone and the app iReal, sheet music book, music stand and a mirror. The differences in modes and resources between the two structures was primarily how the time was disposed and the tools needed to keep the time. The didactic methods used were a singing warm-up, repetition, scaffolding, an increasing difficulty and studying of the harmony. The differences that existed were among other things, how the time were distributed and the way the melody was learnt. The planned practice made the studying of the song faster and made the end result better. In the discussion, the results are problematized to understand the pros and cons of the two structures. 

  • 43.
    Bergman, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Resan mot en ny musikalisk identitet: En självobservationsstudie i musikaliskt lärande utifrån det sociala sammanhangets påverkan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is that through self-observation gain a deeper insight into how the process of learning a new instrument might look like, and how the process is influenced by an exisiting social and cultural context. The process of learning has consisted of studies on tuba, where the social and cultural context in this case has consisted of individual instrumental lessons and participation in an orchestra at an academy of music in Sweden. The study is based on a socio-cultural perspective, which means that learning is understood as something that is achived through social interaction and the use of exsisting cultural tools. The data consists of video documentation and log book notes of the musical creative project. The results are presented in four diffrent themes headlined curiosity, resignation, acceptance and resolution. These topics describe how learning occurs in various stages of emotional experiences and approaches to learning. The result also shows a significant connection between musical learning and its social and cultural context. Established social and cultural conventions shape the musicians musical identity and approach to the instrument in the social context where it occurs. 

  • 44.
    Bergman, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    "Snygga, vackra, glänsande...": – en kvalitativ intervjustudie om brasslärares uppfattning av gruppundervisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Denna studies syfte belyser de uppfattningar som brasslärare har gällande instrumentalundervisning i grupp och dess möjligheter och utmaningar. Detta studeras genom att ta del av brasslärares skildringar av sin egen undervisningspraxis och då specifikt brasslärare som verkar inom El Sistema och Suzukimetoden. Som underlag för studien presenteras perspektiv och tidigare forskning relaterade till valt ämnesområde. Studiens vetenskapsteoretiska ansats karaktäriseras som en kvalitativ studie och utgår ifrån ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv. Använd metod för insamling av data utgörs av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra brasslärare. Intervjuerna har dokumenterats via ljudinspelningar och sedan transkriberats, bearbetats och analyserats med tematisk analys som tillvägagångssätt. I resultatet framgår det att brasslärarna uppfattar gruppundervisning med ett relationellt samband till musikaliskt lärande. Det sociala sammanhanget inverkar på elevens intresse för att delta och engagera sig, och möjliggör således musikaliskt lärande. Hur individuella behov av extra stöd eller extra utmaning bör hanteras anser brasslärarna att de främst bemöter genom att förebygga att ingen elev hamnar efter gruppens genomsnittliga musikaliska progression. Detta förebygger de genom att variera gruppens storlek eftersom de uppfattar att det skapar utrymme att upptäcka och bemöta elevens individuella behov. En ytterligare förebyggande åtgärd brasslärarna använder sig av är att variera undervisningens olika tillvägagångssätt för att alla ska kunna få ta till sig undervisningen efter sina individuella förutsättningar. I händelse av att en elev presterar mer än gruppens genomsnittliga progression ger brasslärarna eleven möjlighet till att spela solo som extra utmaning. De ramfaktorer som brasslärarna uppfattar påverkar undervisningen är möjliga att kategorisera som praktiska och sociala faktorer. I arbetets avslutande kapitel diskuteras dessa framkomna teman i relation till studiens angivna perspektiv gällande ämnesorientering och tidigare forskning.   

  • 45.
    Bergman, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Medierande Berättande: Om hur manusskrivande skapar liv i modellstaden Ravenholm City2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I watch a group project in scriptwriting at a secondary special school. I investigate the importance of the group work, and the effect it had on students' creativity and imagination. How the group work was able to improve and develop the individual pupil and the mediatic effect created by the script work.

    One of the most important discoveries in my work has been to open the eyes of approaches for visualizing, expand, and let loose, pupils' imagination. Some of this has been to spot and remove the technical barriers. One issue that surfaced is if the imagination and creativity may be equivalent as the technical skills?

    The study is based on the documentation and analysis of an already completed work, interviews with students and staff, and literature. In this work, my role is both as observer and participant.

  • 46.
    Beyer, Hannes
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Med fingrarna på kontrabasen: En kvalitativ studie av tre kontrabasisters syn på sin teknik2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to explore how three double bassists have reached their own ways of technical take on the instrument as well as what function these double bass players believe that their technique has. The study's theoretical premises consist of the hermeneutic interpretation. The study's data set consists of qualitative interviews with three professional double bass players with distribution across multiple genres. The results section describes each respondent's technical attitude to the double bass on three thematic metaphors. It reveals that the respondents in varying degrees have been studying various double bass methods and use different methods for fingerings. In the concluding discussion the results of the study is discussed in relation to literature and previous research. The methodological discussion is my pre-understanding from a hermeneutic perspective.

  • 47.
    Bjuvenstedt, Håkan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Hjälp! Var är min capo?: En observationsstudie om transponering på piano2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is based on a design theoretic perspective, exploring what resources I use when transposing jazz tunes to different keys. The research questions are: What resources do I use to transpose a selected jazz tune to different keys? In what ways interact the resources? To study my learning process, I have used the logbook and video documentation, and the study's theoretical perspective is the design theory. The result shows that my learning process can be described in two different transformation cycles. These cycles, I have chosen to call the transformation cycle 1a and 1b. Transformation cycle 1a describes the resources used for transcription, and Transformation cycle 1b describes the resources used for transposing. The first transformation cycle 1a is presented by means of three themes: Staging, From the PC to the ear and From ear to hand. The other cycle, 1b, is presented by means of four themes: Transposing from A-flat major to C major, Problems during the transposing, Transposing to other keys and Transformation of previous knowledge. The discussion chapter discusses the results from a design theoretic perspective. The discussion also touches questions of strategy about transposing, which these being compared with the previous literature and research in the area. Finally, an account is given of my own reflections on the work, the importance of work and further research and development work.    

  • 48.
    Bjuvenstedt, Håkan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Musikteori finns i vardagen: En kvalitativ studie om musikteorilärares syn på musikteori som undervisningsämne2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate music theory teachers approach to music theory as a teaching subject. This has been investigated with focus groups as a method in which music teachers in two groups are talking about their approach to music theory as a teaching subject. The theoretical framework for this study consists of discourse analysis as theory and method. The transcribed interviews have been analysed and processed using discourse analysis as an analysis method to make different discourses visible. The results show four major discourses about teachers approaches to music theory. There are also several minor discourses in several of the major discourses. The results show that music theory should be integrated with other music subjects where theoretical knowledge should be practical and personality based knowledge. The results also show that music theory is a useful tool for many different purposes. The discussion shows four major discourses: Music theory as an interactive subject, music theory as a tool for various purposes, music theory as common language and music theory as different forms of knowledge which is related to earlier studies.

  • 49.
    Björklin, Maja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    ”Musikteori är viktigt, men i första hand är jag ju fiollärare”: En fenomenologisk intervjustudie om fiollärares förhållningssätt till musikteori i undervisningen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to describe three violin teachers approach to music theory in teaching. The study has three research questions: How does the violin teachers define the term music theory? What kind of music theory elements do violin teachers experience that they integrate into their teaching? In what way do the teachers experience that they work with music theory in violin education?and What are the music teachers experiences of the phenomenon music theory in violin education?The theoretical foundation of the study is interpretativism and the philosophical perspective is phenomenology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the three violin teachers. In the result, their approach to music theory in violin teaching is categorized into four themes: The violin teachers definitions of music theory, To work with music theory in violin teaching,  choice of music theoretical lesson contentand Difficulties with integrating music theory in violin teaching. The results reveals that there is differences between the teachers' approaches. However, all the teachers reported that they emphasize note acquisition  and the importance of combining music theory with playing the violin. Finally, the results are discussed in relation to previous literature and research, as well as to phenomenological perspectives.

  • 50.
    Blom, Emanuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Spela det en gång till och försök slappna av den här gången!: En självstudie i avslappningens påverkan på saxofonövning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine determinants of stress and tension in my own saxophone playing. I experience relaxation as a method to counteract practicing saxophone in a tense state. The study is based on the following research question: How can relaxation enhance physical and mental awareness, and solve habitual tension in playing the saxophone? From a phenomenological perspective, I have examined both physical and mental experiences that appeared during and after completed relaxation- and saxophone exercise, through a logbook. Physical and mental states were examined in relation to both my increased abilities of relaxation and my saxophone playing in general. Furthermore, the results section goes further into depth of how an increased awareness concerning bodily and mental experience decreased physical and mental stress. Moreover, the implications of the present study presents how my saxophone practice and musical performances changed in line with the relaxation intervention over time. The results are linked to previous research and other relevant literature in the discussion chapter. Finally, suggestions on further research is presented.

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