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  • 1.
    Almang, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A NOTE ON SHAPES2015In: Journal of Philosophical Research (JPR), ISSN 1053-8364, E-ISSN 2153-7984, Vol. 40, p. 469-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has recently been argued that the Special Theory of Relativity entails that shapes are not intrinsic properties of objects. Rather, they are properties an object has only relative to an inertial frame. In this discussion note I argue that this position, while correct, is incomplete. Objects have frame-dependent shapes because they have an intrinsic property that is the same in all inertial frames.

  • 2.
    Almang, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Affordances and the Nature of Perceptual Content2008In: International journal of philosophical studies (Print), ISSN 0967-2559, E-ISSN 1466-4542, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 161-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to John McDowell, representational perceptual content is conceptual through and through. This paper criticizes this view by claiming that there is a certain kind of representational and non-conceptual perceptual content that is sensitive to bodily skills. After a brief introduction to McDowell's position, Merleau-Ponty's notion of body schema and Gibson's notion of affordance are presented. It is argued that affordances are constitutive of representational perceptual content, and that at least some affordances, the so-called 'conditional affordances', are essentially related to the body schema. This means that the perceptual content depends upon the nature of the body schema. Since the body schema does not pertain to the domain that our conceptual faculties operate upon, it is argued that this kind of perceptual content cannot be conceptual. At least some of that content is representational, yet it cannot feature as non-demonstrative conceptual content. It is argued that if it features as demonstrative conceptual content, it has to be captured by private concepts. Since McDowell's theory does not allow for the existence of a private language, it is concluded that at least some representational perceptual content is non-conceptual.

  • 3.
    Almang, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Perceiving Exploding Tropes2016In: Grazer Philosophische Studien, ISSN 0165-9227, E-ISSN 1875-6735, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 42-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this paper is the perception of properties. It is argued that the perception of properties allows for a distinction between the sense of the identity and the sense of the qualitative nature of a property. So, for example, we might perceive a property as being identical over time even though it is presented as more and more determinate. Thus, you might see an object first as red and then as crimson red. In this case, the property is perceived as identical over time, even though the sense of the qualitative nature ( the redness, the crimson redness) of the property is changing. The distinction between the sense of identity and the sense of quality is explicated in terms of perceiving a particular property, a trope, and perceiving it as an instance of a universal. It is subsequently argued that the perceived tropes cannot constitute the phenomenal character of the perceptual experience.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Att fatta beslut i en föränderlig värld: En kvantitativ studie om beslutsfattande under osäkerhet och svenska investerares syn på klimatrisker vid en investering2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Decision making in an ever changing world is shown to be harder than ever when the outcomes of climate change are not known. Research has shown that the decisions taken where outcomes are uncertain are influenced by psychological background variables.

    Economic risk research has since the 1960s evolved to be linked with psychological and behavioral research and shows to a great degree how these two fields are related. Prospect theory has evolved from this and shows how attitudes affect the perception of gains and losses, which is what investors handles daily. The psychological factors that are underlying investor when making a decision are many. They show high confidence in decisions, are affected by mood swings and show an overestimation of their own knowledge.

    With the climate changing questions are being raised with regards to climate- and restructional risks. The worlds economy will be affected by this. The financial sector is trying to find out how the global political systems will manage these risks and what changes this implies. This also applies to investors - when even they must have this in mind.

    A survey was carried out to get a picture of how a Swedish investor might look at climate risks when investing in a few selected sectors and what underlying influences can affect a decision taken under uncertainty. One can then be able to analyze and compare a Swedish investors risk picture with international reports on risks in the world.

    The analysis concluded that Swedish investors have a greater focus on climate risks in the energy / power companies, engineering industry and transport but do not see any major increase in the focus on climate change risks within a decade. Underlying factors that influence investors' decision making under uncertainty is how information is designed, personality, self-confidence, social situation, and group membership.

  • 5.
    Carlsson, Malin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Larsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Larsson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Marknadsföring via evenemang av enmindre stad för att bidra tilldestinationsutveckling: Fallstudie Karlstad med exempel Putte i Parken ochSvenska Rallyt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has become a global phenomenon and there are various reasons why people choose totravel. It is important to be able to offer various activities to attract different audiences todestinations. Event tourism is a phenomenon that has grown around the world in recent yearsand an events main role is to give the destination a chance to get a place on the map throughtourism. In the event tourism, sport events and festivals are a central part. This essay deals withevents with a focus on marketing and destination development. The purpose of this essay is toexamine how and why events are used in the marketing of a smaller town through a case study ofKarlstad. This is to see how it contributes to destination development and by examining themusic festival Putte i Parken and the sport event Rally Sweden, as examples, we want to see if theevents are used in the marketing of a smaller town and, if so, build a deeper understanding ofhow it works. We chose Karlstad because it is a smaller town and we wanted to highlight thephenomenon of event marketing in a smaller context. Why we have chosen Putte i Parken andRally Sweden is that they are two of the major events in Karlstad. We have used a qualitativemethod in the form of semi-structured interviews with relevant people within the tourism andmarketing sector. Moreover, a quantitative content analysis was used to see how a smaller towncan use events to promote itself and to compare this with the response from the interviews. Theepistemological starting point used in this essay is social constructivism with a hermeneuticapproach. The theories that are used to answer the purpose of the paper are marketing, eventsand destination development. The theory is divided into four parts, where previous research isexplained and then continues with the theories, and a link between them. The empirical datadescribe our interviews with people at the municipality of Karlstad, the Great Event of Karlstad,Putte i Parken and Rally Sweden and we interviewed seven people in total. The empirical dataalso presents the quantitative content analysis. In the analysis of the essay, we have linked thetheories to empirical data to answer the purpose and our questions. We also discussed how welooked at the similarities and differences of the empirical material and the theories, but also whatthe content analysis has brought to the essay. The conclusion brings together our work and givesa brief summary of the essay. We answer the head questions and provide suggestions for furtherresearch that emerged during our work with the essay.

  • 6.
    Echeverri, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    InSitu Methodology: Outlining a New Direction for Service Research2017In: European Review of Service Economics and Management, ISSN 2495-991X, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 77-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues in favour of a new direction in service research: in situ methodology. It problematizes previous ways of conducting service research and envisages a more profound theoretical and empirical understanding. It outlines three basic arguments as a scientific rationale, discussing ontological, epistemological, and methodological matters. It is highlights the need to develop more creative methods that allow proximity to the phenomenon and the involved actors with the capacity to grasp the multi-faceted reality

  • 7.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Förföriska tentakulära ekologier2017In: Aiolos: Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 56, p. 101-104Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Haffling, Simone
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Barns grovmotoriska utveckling i förskolan: En undersökning om hur pedagoger arbetar med barns grovmotoriska utveckling2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Holm, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Bülow, Morten Hillgaard
    Medicinsk Museion, Denmark.
    Det stof, mænd er gjort af: Konstruktionen af maskulinitetsbegreber i forskningsprojekter om testosteron i Danmark fra 1910'erne til 1980'erne2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [da]

    Fra 1920’erne og til i dag er testosteron blevet betegnet som ‘det mandlige kønshormon’ på trods af, at det findes i både mandlige og kvindelige kroppe. Både i den naturvidenskabelige forskning i hormoner, i daglig tale og i forskellige medier er testosteron blevet brugt som metafor for - og til tider ligefrem som et synonym for - mandlighed og maskulinitet. Det stof, mænd er gjort af spørger, hvordan og hvorfor testosteron og maskulinitet er blevet sammenkædet i dansk naturvidenskabelig forskning og hvilken betydning, denne sammenkædning har haft for kønsnormer i samfundet.

  • 10.
    ingalena, Klenell
    Karlstad University, Division for Environmental Sciences.
    Dialogen som möjlighet till en ny miljöfilosofi: En analys av Djupekologins själv-realiseringsprincip2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 25 points / 37,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is my thesis on the D-level at the university in Karlstad at the department for environmental science. It is an analysis of the idea of self-realisation in the deepecology movement.

    The Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess is one of the profiles in the foreground of deepecology in the world. His teories is important for the development of how to look at ecophilosophical matters in the nordic countries.

    i will therefor investigate his theories and see how Naess constructs the relation man-nature in his ecosophy T. The principle of self-realisation and identification is there the most important foundation for the antropocentric perspective.

    In my analysis I use Martin Bubers philosophy of dialogue and his thoughts about relational concept of the self as tools for my investigation.

    Ecophilosophy is an academic subject that touches a variety of fields of studies but has the collaboration between the subject of culture and nature as its base. Bubers concept of the self that highlights the third. Videlicet, the relation is a third aspect of the selfs constitution apart from the me and you.

    I will also, as Buber does not notice power and hierarchy in his teory, try to integrate Val Plumwoods critique towards dualism in the thinking of western society as a complementing tool.

    Plumwood points out, in her ecofeministic point of view, the importance of noticing difference as an important aspect of the problems in western thinking when it comes to the relationship between humanity-environment. To develop a non-dualistic thinking, according to Plumwood, it would take a critical analysis of all types of concepts that has been developed through the classic concept of logics reduktionistic discussion wich uses separation as a method.

    Plumwoods conclusion is that to come to terms with the underlying powerstructures we have to examine the thinking itself.

    Buber who is rooted in the jewish chassidism tradition has from a spiritual point of view examined aspects of the relationship between I and the other/world which touches Plumwoods theories.

    By combining these two thinkers I want to formulate a more complex analysis of Arne Naess principle of self-realisation.

  • 11.
    Iserell, Vladimir
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    En trygg stad?: Stockholmarnas riskuppfattning, anno 20162017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis studies how perceived risks affect the daily life of inhabitants of Stockholm, Sweden. The study was conducted through qualitative method and an inductive approach was selected by the author. 24 interviews with Stockholmers were conducted within the framework of the projects. These through the means of content analysis processed interviews were used as a basis for the conclusions presented in the study. The thesis considers the ambiguity in the question of perception of environment and the security/safety thereof, which characterises the existence of Stockholmers. The ambiguous perception of security and safety is by the author named partial safety. Coexistence of the sense of safety and unsafety characterizes partial security. The experience of partial safety is seen as a more comprehensive context and it is shown how it, when applied to the everyday life of Stockholmers, has a negative impact on their quality of life, imposes limits on their freedom of movement and -action, as well as ultimately makes the city less accessible.

  • 12.
    Ivarsson, Solveig
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Berättelser om skolgång i särskolan.: Före detta elevers perspektiv.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate former students’ view of their experiences of schools for students with intellectual disability. Both students of this study have a mild form of intellectual disability. The question of this study is to find out more of their experiences from their whole schooling.

     

    The theoretical frame of the study is based on a life narrative perspective. The focus in this perspective was the social interaction and the students’ experiences of schooling. The method was a life narrative perspective were former students with intellectual disability talked about their life story in special schools.

     

    The result of the study showed that students who were included in the ordinary school, and have the opportunity to remain in the ordinary class, got a better view of the school. If the students instead were forced to attend lessons in special school, against their own wish, they become disappointed, sad and frustrated. To separate students from their regular class could have devastating consequences, especially for the person who was excluded from their friends. The result also showed that the person who was excluded from the ordinary school felt ashamed and would not be connected with a group that was specially treated

     

    As a teacher for students with special need we have to be aware of what the pupils need instead of what the school offer. We should not forget that all our decisions will have an impact of the students’ former life. 

  • 13.
    Jakobsson, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Barns inflytande och demokrati i förskolan: ur pedagogers synvinkel2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Kahlin, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Hart, Jenny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Flexibilitet som förändrar förutsättningarna för en kontorslokals funktion2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till uppsatsen består av hur fastighetsmarknaden har förändrats under de senaste årtionden, hur synen på ekonomi och hur människor arbetar i kontor sett ut. Fastighetsförvaltare/-ägare vet att det har skett förändringar på fastighetsmarknaden och att även framtiden kommer innehålla olika synsätt hur kontor ska vara utformade samt hur människor kommer att arbeta i kontorslokaler. Fastighetsförvaltare/-ägare vet även att framtiden inte kommer se ut som idag och att dagens kontor troligtvis inte kommer vara funktionella i framtiden. Hur fastighetsförvaltare/-ägare anpassar sina fastigheter så att de är funktionella i framtiden påverkas av fastighetens flexibilitet.

     

    Uppsatsens syfte är hur fastighetsförvaltare/-ägare i Örebro arbetar med flexibiliteten som förändrar förutsättningarna för en kontorslokals funktion. Svaret framkom ur de kvalitativa intervjuerna som genomfördes med personer i de största privatägda fastighetsbolagen i Örebro. Resultatet är att det finns en koppling mellan flexibilitet, efterfrågan på kommersiella lokaler och det alternativa användningsområdet. Fastighetsförvaltare/-ägare bör bygga kommersiella fastigheter med en hög flexibilitet för att kostnadseffektivt kunna omvandla fastigheterna beroende på efterfrågan från hyresgäster. Hur kontor utformas och vilka alternativa användningsområden kontor kommer att ha i framtiden är idag oklart, därför är det viktigt med flexibilitet. För att möta framtidens efterfrågan måste fastighetsförvaltare/-ägare vid nyproduktion eller ombyggnation bygga flexibelt för att kostnadseffektivt möta efterfrågan.

  • 15.
    Kvarnström, Urban
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Hur ser eleverna på kritiken från APU-företagen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Lettevall, Rebecka
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Idéhistoria.
    Petrov, KristianSödertörns högskola, Idéhistoria.
    Critique of Cosmopolitan Reason: Timing and Spacing the Concept of World Citizenship2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Enlightenment, the definition of terms such as humanity, citizenship and rights has fluctuated and these ideas continue to haverelevance for contemporary discussions of globalization from a «cosmopolitan» perspective. This volume goes back to the conception ofcosmopolitanism in Greek antiquity in order to trace it through history, resulting in an unmasking of its many myths. The concept is reconstructedwith reference not only to well-known (and some lesser known) historical thinkers of cosmopolitanism, but also to noted «anti-cosmopolitans».The first aim of the book is to display historical perspectives on a discourse which has been dominated by ahistorical presumptions. Thesecond is to critically explore alternative paths beyond the Western imagination, redefining the Enlightenment legacy and the centre-peripherydichotomy. Most notably, Eastern Europe and the Arab world are integrated within the analysis of cosmopolitanism. Within a framework ofconceptual history (Begriffsgeschichte), cosmopolitan reason is criticized from the viewpoints of comparative literature, psychoanalysis,phenomenology, postcolonialism and moral philosophy.The book’s critical approach is an attempt to come to terms with the anachronism, essentialism, ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism thatsometimes underlie contemporary theoretical and methodological uses of the term «cosmopolitanism». By adding historical and contextualdepth to the problem of cosmopolitanism, a reflexive corrective is presented to enhance ongoing discussions of this topic within as well asoutside academia.

  • 17.
    Mehrabi, Tara
    Linköping University.
    Making Death Matter: A Feminist Technoscience Study of Alzheimer's Sciences in the Laboratory2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a contribution to feminist laboratory studies and a critical engagement with the natural sciences, or more precisely research on the biochemical workings and deadly relations of Alzheimer’s disease emanating from a year of field work in a Drosophila fly lab. The natural sciences have been a point of fascination within the field of gender studies for decades. Such sciences produce knowledge on what gets to count as nature and natural, healthy or sick, normal or not, and they have done it with great societal authority and impact throughout European modernity. However, feminist technoscience scholars argue that science and knowledge is socially produced, and political too. Concepts such as nature, animal, human, body, sex, and life itself are not simply given natural realities but phenomena processed through the naturecultures of the laboratory. Situated within such theoretical and methodological approaches, this thesis wonders how scientific facts about Alzheimer’s disease are made in the lab today. What kinds of realities, bodies and ethico-political concerns are enacted? Who gets to live and who gets to die in everyday laboratory practices? Theoretically, the thesis is grounded, particularly, within Karen Barad’s agential realism and posthumanist performativity, and as such it accounts for human and nonhuman entanglements through which AD is performed in the lab in relational ways. In other words, the thesis explores how AD is enacted in the bodies of transgenic fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster), as these flies embody the disease, live and die with it. Last but not least, the thesis explores the materialities of death, dying, embodiment and biological waste in a biochemistry lab as constitutive parts of the produced knowledge about AD.

  • 18.
    Swantesson, Jan O. H.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    En ny Nordisk akademi?2012In: Forum för antroposofi, ISSN 1404-4277, no 4, p. 42-45Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Swantesson, Jan O. H.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Kvalitet och kvalitet återigen2012In: Vad menas med kvalitet inom akademisk undervisning, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2012, p. 29-37Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20. Swantesson, Jan O. H.
    Levande om elementens väsen: Rebecka Vik m.fl. Pans rike- om de fyra elementens väsen2011In: Forum - Kvartalstidskrift för antroposofi, ISSN 1404-4277, no 2, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    van Geelkerken, F.W.J.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Law.
    Biometrics in the Dutch passport: security measures or measuring security?2011In: 25th IVR World Congress of Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy: Workgroup 26: Technology and Law - Selected problems / [ed] Prof. dr. dr. hc. Ulfrid Neumann, Frankfurt am Main: Goethe Universität , 2011, p. 396-397Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    EU-regulation stipulates that all EU-passports should contain twofingerprints of the bearer embedded in an RFID-chip in the cover of the passport. The Netherlands, however, takes fourfingerprints, and next to embedding them in an RDIF-chip in the cover of a passport they are stored in one centralised database which is directly accessible for law enforcement and security services.

    A number of general cases voicing complaints about the mandatory storage of four fingerprints in a centralised database have been filed at lower courts, none of which have been declared admissible up to now. Next to that several cases of people refusing to give fingerprints are in courts at the moment.

    In my presentation I will give an overview of both the EU- and Dutch-legislation and elaborate on the different cases in court at the moment.

  • 22.
    Wahlström, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Barns inflytande i förskolan: En studie om pedagogers erfarenheter om barns inflytande i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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