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  • 1.
    Afrasiabi, Soran
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The River as a Symbol of Liberty: An analysis regarding the Significance of the Mississippi River in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the extensive research on slavery during the antebellum, few authors have investigated the connection between the Mississippi river and its importance and status as a symbol of freedom throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain. Therefore, this essay attempts to analyze just how much the river actually meant for Huck and Jim during their journey towards freedom. The methodology of this analysis is based on a qualitative content analysis where categories are created and put it in relation to the historical and political landscape the novel presents. By investigating how the river functioned as an optional escape route that would lead the slaves far away from the notoriously bad treatment on the cotton fields, as well as the dangerous riverside settings which involved several risks for both Huck and Jim, this essay concludes that the river does not only work as an escape route away from captivity and civilization, it also provided the characters with a comfortable and safe home which alone could symbolize liberty.

  • 2. Andersson, Mikael
    The Art of Carrying the Fire: Carrying the Fire: Motivation for Survival in Cormac McCarthy’s The Road2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is working on exploring what it is that motivates the man and the boy to survive despite the harsh reality they live in. The purpose of the essay is to show four main factors for motivation: morality, religion, society and paternal love. The first factor is the fundamental inner voice of morality which tells them why they should do something. In order to be able to productively discuss the topic of moral motivation I will introduce W.D. Ross's theory of Pluralistic Deontology as a means to find a framework in which to discuss this aspect of the novel. The second factor discussed is religion, which somewhat functions in the same way as morality does but seems to be more of a driving force, primarily for the man. The third factor is society in the sense of how it motivates one to take certain actions. I will use Thomas Hobbes’s idea of the state of nature, but also make it clear how, specifically, a postapocalyptic scenario affects the protagonists. The fourth factor and also the overarching factor discussed is paternal love. This factor is inter-located throughout the whole essay. Probably the most significant phrase from Cormac McCarthy’s The Road is “carrying the fire” (79). It is a central focal point in the man and the boy's overall interaction. The importance of the phrase cannot be stressed enough and does, without a doubt, carry a significant meaning for them both. However, we never really get an explanation to what the phrase really means, which inevitably invites the readers to draw their own conclusions as to what the phrase conveys. It remains ambiguous throughout the novel but in terms of motivation it has to do with surviving and/or the upholding of values remembered from the pre-apocalyptic society. As I address the phrase this meaning it also becomes possible to see that there are motivating factors for both the man and the boy that affect their morale to keep the fire going. This essay will investigate three possible motivating factors found in the novel, and, in addition to this, an overarching factor that can, arguably, function as connection between the other three factors.  

  • 3.
    Artan, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Narcissism and the American Dream in Arthur Miller´s Death of a Salesman2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the theme of the American Dream in relation to narcissism in Miller’s Death of a salesman. The purpose is to demonstrate that a close reading of the main protagonist, Willy Loman, suggests that his notion of success in relation to the American Dream can be regarded as narcissistic.  This essay will examine this by first observing how Willy´s notion of success is represented in the play, then look at how his understanding of it can be viewed from a narcissistic standpoint.  The results I have found in my analysis show that there is a connection between Willy’s understanding of success and his narcissistic behavior. He displays traits such as grandiosity, arrogance, need of specialness and denial of emotions. His relationship with other characters reveals his lack of empathy, manipulation and exploitation of others as well as his need of superiority and fear of inferiority.  The conclusion is that Willy and his notion of success could be considered as narcissistic.                 

  • 4.
    Artan, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Harry Potter as High Fantasy: The Uses of High Fantasy in J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to present the reader an analysis of Harry Potter as high fantasy and how Rowling has expanded on high fantasy norms which can be seen as a contributing factor to why the saga became such a global phenomenon.  This essay will show the ways in which Harry Potter elaborates on the high-fantasy norms by analyzing its narrative elements (setting, narrative structure, characters, and language). The first part will be a brief introduction to high-fantasy and its norms while the second part will be an analysis of the novels in terms of these norms.

  • 5.
    Axén, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    In Conflict with Conformity: The Protagonist’s Struggle against Victorian Institutions and Gendered Behavioral Norms in Jane Eyre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the theme of conformity in Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre. It highlights in particular the protagonist’s conflict with conformity as criticism of social inequality in terms of gender. The analysis builds on the patriarchal concept of the angel of the house, as described by Lois Tyson and Alastair Henry and Catharine Walker Bergström, which is a definition of the governing codes of behavior women of the nineteenth century were expected to follow within both the domestic and professional sphere. Specifically, these spheres are organized through significant Victorian institutions such as the household, the education and employment of women and the marriage. The behavior of Jane is discussed in relation to these institutions as a means to support the argument of the protagonist distancing herself from contemporary gender norms. The conclusion of the essay shows that Jane’s circumstances within these institutions leads to her deviation from behavioral norms as a deliberate action.

  • 6.
    Backman, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    The Awakening of a Modern Self: Self-Discovery in Kate Chopin’s Novel The Awakening2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that The Awakening treats the 1890s “modern woman” that arose from feminist ideas and the women’s movement, challenging patriarchal society with an independent lifestyle. Following Ringe, this essay suggests that the novel has a purpose of showing the process and the development of the protagonist’s individual self. But rather than connect this theme to the transcendentalist notion of the self, as Ringe does, this essay looks at this theme in the light of the notion of the “modern woman”. By arguing that Edna develops into a modern woman during this process, the essay finds that she moves from the traditional position as a “patriarchal woman” towards the role of an “emancipated woman”. Further, the essay shows that Edna’s development and thereby her attempt to change her position fails as the process of self-discovery is conflicted, resulting in Edna’s suicide. Finally, by also arguing that the novel treats a woman’s self and the process of a development, the essay visualizes that the novel is built-up by seven steps that together constitute the process from “patriarchal woman” to “emancipated woman”. This process awakens a self-awareness and self-image within Edna that are strengthened with each of these step as she becomes a “modern woman”.

  • 7.
    Berg Mattsson, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Reading Matters: An Exploration of ELT textbooks in Sweden and their approach to reading2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis investigates to what extent contemporary ELT textbooks include reading materials as well as what types of texts are being used and what reading strategies they seemingly promote. Additionally, the study analyzes whether there is a noticeable discrepancy in teaching materials designed for the vocational and university preparatory and considers whether the design of the current textbook is representative of the current view of reading as a teaching tool as reflected in official policy documents. Through the means of a content analysis of a total of six in use ELT textbooks, the study discovers that few ELT textbooks include a satisfactory amount of reading materials and that there is a significant discrepancy between teaching materials intended for the separate orientations of upper secondary school in Sweden. It is also discovered that the set of textbooks largely reflect the current view of language teaching. The study concludes that the current practice of language teaching is ill-suited to counter the development of declining reading literacy and suggests an alternative methodology in extensive reading. 

  • 8.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Nordenflychts nej: Ett upplysningsreligiöst spänningsfält och dess litterära manifestationer2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det rådde under 1700-talet konsensus i västerlandet om att världsordningen är moralisk, så att det goda belönas och det onda straffas. Denna världsåskådning var den grund som kyrkan och samhället vilade på, och marken under 1700-talsmänniskornas fötter. Skulle man utmana och rucka på detta fundament skulle kaos hota att sippra in. Ändå gjorde Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht det i ett flertal dikter. Tidigare än någon annan i Sverige publicerade hon texter som ifrågasatte rådande doxa inom världsåskådningsdiskursen, och som utmanade det världsliga patriarkatet såväl som det himmelska. Med fokus på lidandets problem och det filosofiska teodicéproblemet visade hennes texter att föreställningen om en moralisk världsordning inte höll streck, och att en monistisk ontologi blir djupt problematisk, om man samtidigt vill hålla fast vid tron på en god Försyn. Hennes dikter argumenterar också med emfas för upplysning och emot dogmerna om att människan måste vänta tills hon når himlen med att få insikt i världsordningen. Nordenflycht är den första i vårt land som offentligt ger sig in i den världsbildsdiskussion som är centrum i upplysningsdiskursen och som i Europa drivs av skribenter som Bayle, Newton, Leibniz, King, Pope, von Haller, Voltaire och Hume.

    Helene Blomqvist visar i denna bok hur Nordenflychts texter blir till blasfemiska mottexter mot det officiella ordet. De nyttjar grepp såsom ironi och parodi, bryter med genrekonventioner och introducerar nya textstrategier och kommunikationsmodeller, främmande för en klassicistisk estetik och ett retoriskt kommunikationssystem – subjektivism, intimitet, och inte minst emotionell laddning, av sorg och av indignation – och på detta vis kastar de skarpt kritiskt ljus över tidens brännande världsbildsfrågor. I den svenska sekulariseringsprocessen är Nordenflycht pionjären. Hennes dikter är de första litterära aktörerna i den myndiggörandeprocess som fört vårt land dit där det idag befinner sig.

  • 9.
    Bogren, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läromedel och metoder för andraspråksinlärning: En undersökning om hur läromede används vid skrivinlärning hos elever med ett annat modersmål2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to find out how a small sized school in western Sweden, where the experience regarding second language students is not very high, accept the challenge to find and use teaching methods adapted to the students. It will investigate what specific methods or theaching materials are used and why they have been chosen, all this with a focus on literacy learning.

    The method applied is qualitive interviews. Four teachers have been interviewed from three different grades. In the result and discussion the empiricism according to the four issues about teaching materials and choice of methods is presented.

    The results show that the teachers more or less use specific methods and materials. Among these are genre pedagogy and copying as methods for second language students learning swedish writing skills. The materials presented include something called ”ZickZack” and ” my words” and are used mainly during Swedish class.

  • 10.
    Borg, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mellan Sänkan och Höjden: En maktanalys av romanen Björnstad2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through a power analysis, this paper examines how the athletic quality of the ice hockey players versus their socio-economic conditions is made in Fredrik Backman's novel Björnstad. Based on Michel Foucault's theory of dynamic strength, an analysis is made of how power relationships occur between players of different sports quality and socioeconomic background. The analysis begins with a analysis of the rape in the story and then proceeds with a discussion about the different means used in the text to produce the players' quality and socioeconomic backgrounds. By then analyzing different sections of the story, I discuss how the dynamic power relationships occur between selected players and other characters associated with the ice hockey club. In the context of power relations, master suppression techniques are discussed that the characters use.

  • 11.
    Brax, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A Rhetorical Reading of George Orwell's 1984: The brainwashing of Winston in the light of ethos, logos and pathos2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to cast a light upon the brainwashing carried out by the totalitarian Party in George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984, and induce a deeper understanding of its persuasive effect on Winston Smith, the main character. Winston passionately hates the Party and its leader Big Brother who govern the country Oceania in which he lives. However, after having undergone brainwashing that also includes torture, Winston surrenders to the ideology of the Party and at the end of the novel his hatred towards Big Brother has turned to love. In order to understand Winton’s conversion I carry out a close reading of the novel and apply the three rhetorical means of persuasion, ethos, logos and pathos, to the novel and demonstrate when and how these appeals are used on Winston. Against this rhetorical background the analysis shows that the Party’s usage of rhetorical appeals can explain why the brainwashing works successfully in its persuasive aim. This result also demonstrates that these three appeals play a prominent role over a course of several years in the Party’s indoctrination of Winston. Additionally, the presence of rhetoric proves that there is more than Winston being tortured to his conversion. Thus, Winston is not only tortured into repeating the principles of the party, he is also persuaded into actually believing in them and loving Big Brother by the Party’s strategic appeals to ethos, logos and pathos.

  • 12.
    Brink, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Othering and Diversity in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings Trilogy: A Positive Presentation of Difference2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Lord of the Rings trilogy is greatly diverse in species, races, and ethnicities which is a fact that over the decades has engendered great scholarly discussions about hidden racism in the literary work. Therefore, an analysis of intercultural matters and encounters realized throughout the story is relevant for detecting a possible racist ideology. By applying the postcolonial concept “Othering,” which is an act of differentiation, this essay analyzes racist instances in the story, and the result of or opposition to those, in order to indicate the presence of an anti-Othering ideology in the trilogy. The analysis is conducted through discussion of Othering of other species/races/ethnicities caused by blind trust in one’s own group, Othering inside one’s own group, Othering of other species/races/ethnicities, and discussion about instances of multicultural acceptance. Considering Tolkien’s relationship to nature, this discussion also extends to Othering of nature. Consequently, this essay concludes how The Lord of the Rings trilogy arguably is against Othering since the story generally presents the act as negative to others, oneself, and/or one’s beloved as well as contains instances which simply convey a positive view of multiculturalism.

  • 13.
    Brox, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Rattling Society´s Cage in The Great Gatsby: A Marxist Analysis of Character motivation in The Great Gatsby2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Great Gatsby is a famous novel first published in 1926, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The novel frequently criticizes the American dream, a concept which has become strongly linked to capitalism. As such, the text lends itself very well to Marxist theory despite not mentioning Marxism in the novel.  This C-essay will focus on what motivates the characters of this novel. Since the novels main character Jay Gatsby has been analyzed in many articles and essays he will not be analyzed in this essay. Instead it will focus on the other prominent characters such as Daisy, Tom, Myrtle, George and Nick. When their motivations are analyzed through a Marxist analytical perspective it becomes very clear that these characters have realized that society is not fulfilling their needs, and that their commercialized society is the cause of their unhappiness.

  • 14.
    Cullbrand, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Föräldrar i bilderböcker: En litterär analys av fyra bilderböckers framställning av föräldrar ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study and compare how male and female are portrayed in four picture books from the 2010s and 1970s, with a focus on the parents. And see what weight the images have to create gender norms in the books. Research has shown that children are affected by the books' gender representation, which makes it interesting to look at whether gender norms are visible in today's picture books (the 2010 century) and how it looked just after focus had been put on gender representation in picture books (1970s). In addition, I believe that the parents are interesting characters to study because there have not been so many analysis regarding parents' gender representation.

     

    By the method of literary analysis, based on Nikolajevas Bilderbokens pusselbitar certain conclusions could be drawn. Among other things, in the case of the four analyzed picture books, it was difficult to find equality in the relationship between the parents. In addition, at least one parent in each picture book tended to become stereotyped because that parent was more in the background than the other.

  • 15.
    Danielsson, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Det var en gång en normal familj...: En normkritiskt komparativ studie av familjekonstellationer i bilderböcker.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the different family constellations that exists in a selection of children’s picture books published between the years of 1989 and 2015. The representations of these family constellations have been compared by critically investigating norms that applies to families and they have been analyzed by these norms and the statistics that existed in society at the beginning of the 21th century.

    The result shows that all of the four chosen picture-books goes against the norm on some point, but that the newest of the four books is the one that most resembles the picture of a nuclear family.

  • 16.
    Edvinsson, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    May the Best Man Win: Non-stereotypical Masculinity in the Novel A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, Hanya Yanagihara’s main characters from the novel A Little Life (2015) are analyzed, with the basis of gender stereotypes and with the help of Raewyn Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity. It argues that the characters in question challenge the typical gender roles in the way that they are lacking in comparison to Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity and are portrayed with feminine attributes. Yanagihara’s portrayal of masculinity creates a depth to the characters in questions and a more complex view of masculinity.

  • 17.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Conflicted Interruptions: A Narratological Study of Art Spiegelman’s The Complete Maus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Art Spiegelman’s graphic novel The Complete Maus comments on the heavy legacy imposed by World War II and the Holocaust upon heirs of survivors as it depicts the relationship between father and son, as well as the experiences of the Jewish father. Using narratology as a theoretical lens this essay analyzes the narrative workings in Maus. Specifically the focus is on pointing out and examining different types of narrative breaches that seem to create or enhance a sense of conflict within the narrative; these conflicts in turn affect reader sympathy. The analysis also raises questions about the portrayal of Holocaust survival and identity issues. While Maus clarifies certain aspects of the Holocaust experience, it complicates other aspects. Interaction between the past and the present is a central feature throughout the novel, both visually and textually. The narrative throws the reader back and forth between storylines, events and personal encounters as it elicits a constant interaction between the text and the reader. This interaction helps to build tension as reader sympathy shifts between characters, and possibly contributes to make readers more susceptible to themes and implied messages in Maus. 

  • 18.
    Fahlén, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Racial Issues in Middle-Earth: A Postcolonial Perspective on J.R.R Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on J.R.R Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings, how the different races in the text are portrayed and how they interact with each other. The essay uses postcolonial theories, mainly “Orientalism” and “Otherness”, to prove traces of racism in the text. It focuses on the text and what can be found in the characters opinions of each other. The aim of this essay is to prove that in The Lord of the Rings there is an underlying story of racial issues between the different races of Middle-Earth and that these issues can be described as racism.  The colonial themes of the text can mostly be found in the geographical descriptions, the colour of skin and the stereotypical descriptions of different races within the text. The stereotypical descriptions are probably sprung from the fact that J.R.R Tolkien grew up towards the end of the big Imperialist era of 19th century Europe and the similarities and descriptions of foreign cultures existing in the real world can be traced throughout the text.  The Lord of the Rings contains themes with racial issues and this can be described as racism, even though it is not possible to say that The Lord of the Rings is a racist text as whole.

  • 19.
    Foreman, Chelsea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Speaking With Our Spirits: A Character Analysis of Eugene Achike in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to conduct a character analysis on Eugene Achike from Chimamana Ngozi Adichie’s novel Purple Hibiscus, to see whether or not the character is used by Adichie as a portrayal of colonial Nigeria and its values. I have done this by looking at the themes of violence and hypocrisy in relation to Eugene’s language usage, religious attitude, and behaviour towards others, and comparing these aspects of his personality with the attitudes shown by colonialists in colonial Nigeria.

    The more important issues that prove Eugene’s character is a portrayal of colonial Nigeria are: his utter disregard for his heritage and background, including the physical disregard of his father; his absolute control over his family members, both physically and mentally, which leads to violent outbursts if he is disobeyed; the fact that he is shown in the novel to be a direct product of the missionaries and colonial structure that was present in Nigeria when he grew up. These things, together with the subtle connections in Adichie’s writing that connect her novel to Things Fall Apart, firmly place Purple Hibiscus in the postcolonial category. Thus, I concluded that Eugene’s character is a portrayal of Colonial Nigeria.

  • 20.
    Forssberg, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Mattsson, Per-Olof
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sigfrid Siwertz: en författares uppgång och fall2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sigfrid Siwertz (1882–1970) var en av det svenska nittonhundratalets mest framgångsrika författare. Han publicerade ett sjuttiotal böcker och satt på stol fyra i Svenska Akademien från 1932 till sin död 1970. Boken vill spegla en författares uppgång och inträde i ett litterärt etablissemang som i och med den litterära modernismens framträdande i början av 1930-talet blev alltmer irrelevant. Den vill kasta ljus över ett författarskap och ett författaröde som numera inte uppmärksammas annat än marginellt och som har många motsvarigheter i litteraturhistorien. Siwertz fortsatte att vara mycket framgångsrik och lovordade men tappade kontakten med de nya generationerna av författare.

    Bland de böcker av Siwertz som analyseras finns hans mest kända verk, men också andra aspekter behandlas. Hur står sig hans verk i ett genusperspektiv? Hur förhåller sig Mälarpirater till pojkboken som genre? Vilken roll spelade Siwertz som aktivist i samband med första världskriget? Hur arbetade Siwertz i Selambs i förhållande till den samtida verkligheten? Varför använde Siwertz antisemitiska schabloner? Vad utmärker Siwertz som reseskildrare? Hur behandlas konsumtionssamhällets framväxt i Det stora varuhuset? Hur förhåller sig Jonas och draken till bildningsromanen? Slutligen beskrivs hur Siwertz konfronterades av yngre författare i samband med hans angrepp på modernismen i inträdestalet i Akademien 1932.

  • 21.
    Fransén, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Förskollärares resonemang vid valet och användandet av böcker och appar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out and compare how preschool-teachers choose literature and appendices to the departments based on their age and orientation. To answer my questions and my purpose, I use interviews in two different preschools. One preschool has a lot of focus on language and literature, from which I interview three preschool teachers from three different departments. The second preschool has more focus on digitization and various digital tools, from which I interview two preschool-teachers from the youngest as well as the oldest department. Choices of books and choices of apps are handled in a similar manner in the same department, but it may differentiate between preschools. It differs in planning and the influence of the children. According to the preschool-teachers, the quantity of books and apps have a big influence on the children’s learning and interaction.

  • 22.
    Genberg, Gabriella
    Karlstad University.
    Vägen till god läsutveckling: En studie om sambandet mellan föräldrars litterära engagemang och barns språkutveckling samt deras förståelse för text och bild2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Severus Snape: The Complexity and Unconventional Heroism of Severus Snape in the Harry Potter Books2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being an evildoer and being evil is not always the same thing; author J.K Rowling’s character Professor Severus Snape from the Harry Potter series is balancing on that very line. Although being unfair and mean to the protagonist Harry Potter all through the series, Professor Snape is revealed as a hero in the seventh book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007). This essay focuses on some of the complex psychological reasons as to why Snape acts the way he does towards Harry and why many readers consider him to be just as great a hero as the protagonist. It argues that his difficult upbringing is the cause of his complexity and the series of books are analyzed from a structuralist perspective, using A.J Greimas’ actantial model and Frank Kermode’s theories about endings and plot twists. Snape’s hate for Harry’s father, caused by years of bullying, is examined as well as his love for Harry’s mother. This essay also discusses in what ways Snape’s change of allegiance, brought on by his eternal love for Harry’s mother, is a great aid in defeating the Dark Lord.

  • 24.
    Haapala, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and the Dangers of Medical Science2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein has frequently been interpreted as a cautionary tale of the dangers of medical science and its ambitions. However, by comparing the different narratives in the novel the essay will show that the intention of the novel is quite different. The essay will show that while Frankenstein himself comes to believe that science is the culprit, the narratives by Walton and the creature qualify that view, showing rather that the problem is not science as such but Frankenstein’s abandonment of his creation. The essay begins with a brief introduction to the historical background of the novel, followed by an analysis of the three distinct narratives given by Walton, Frankenstein and the creature, and conclude with a discussion of the findings when comparing their narratives. 

  • 25.
    Hallén, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    A Girl's Journey: Hermione Granger's Road towards Independence2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, J.K. Rowling’s series about Harry Potter is analyzed by the use of feminist theories and gender studies. The main aim of the essay is to examine how Hermione Granger is portrayed. The analysis is based on three of the novels, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’sstone, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban and Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. This essay argues that Hermione, in the first novel, is depicted as a stereotyped female character, but that she develops and grows over the course of time, which leads her character to deviate from the traditional gender stereotypes. The results are supported by different examples from the novels, which relate to the used theories and previous research.

  • 26.
    Harju, Alexandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Blyga barn i barnlitteratur: En analys ur ett genusperspektiv av två skilda tider2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine how the shy child is portrayed in four children's books. Vem ska trösta Knyttet? and Det osynliga barnet from the 1960s and also Snäll and Gittan och gråvargarna from the 2000s. The analysis is based on a gender perspective where the epochs are significant. The method is a children's literature analysis since it's considered appropriate in this study. The theoretical foundation in the study is gender theory, as research on gender was of great importance to the children's book during the 1960s and even today. The result of the study illustrate how the shy child is portrayed in different ways in the children's literature and is made visible through the appearance, behavior and environment around the child. The children experience a change as their characteristics range from female to male stereotypical characteristics. The shy children are perceived more or less as invisible as they are associated with loneliness, exclusion and silence. The result is discussed in connection with the norm-critical work at school.

  • 27.
    Harrison, Katherine
    et al.
    University of Southern Denmark.
    Holm, Marie-Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Exploring Grey Zones and Blind Spots in the Binaries and Boundaries of E.L. James' Fifty Shades Trilogy2013In: Feminist Media Studies, ISSN 1468-0777, E-ISSN 1471-5902, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 558-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we problematise the implications of some of these familiar binaries asthey are used in the Fifty Shades trilogy. Through analysis of some of the trilogy’s narrative tropes, we investigate how the separate poles of binary oppositions are established and kept in tension in order to make clear distinctions between the two. At the same time we highlight the constant work that has to be done to obtain these distinctions and a certain form of normative violence that is performed in the story to practices andidentities that are constructed as outside the normal. In the second part of the essay, we queer these binaries by exploring alternative narratives towards which the story itself points. These grey zones and blind spots taken as a point of departure for a queer critique of the binaries and norms about sexualities that organise the story.

  • 28.
    Hederstedt, Axel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Libertarian Vision of LazarusLong: A Libertarian Reading of Robert A. Heinlein’s Time Enough for Love2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Writers tend to exude political views and ideas in their works. Robert A. Heinlein and his works havebeen interpreted from multiple political standpoints, yet almost no such interpretation has beenapplied to his later works. In this paper Lazarus Long, the protagonist in Heinlein’s Time Enough forLove, is interpreted through a libertarian looking glass, focusing on the novel’s societal critique andideas regarding liberty, power, government and economy. This paper is written with the goal ofshowing that the protagonist in Time Enough for Love can be said to be libertarian in perspective andattitude. This is done by using libertarian concepts divided into five categories, these categories beinginterpreted from David Boaz´s primer on libertarianism: societal criticism, governmental criticism,economic criticism, flourishing and observations. Conclusively this paper states that Robert A.Heinlein’s protagonist in the novel Time Enough for Love seems to have many influences by libertarianideals and can be said to be libertarian in perspective and attitude.

  • 29.
    Hållén, Nicklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Travelling Objects: Modernity and Materiality in British Colonial Travel Literature about Africa2011Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the functions of objects in a selection of British colonial travel accounts about Africa. The works discussed were published between 1863 and 1908 and include travelogues by John Hanning Speke, Verney Lovett Cameron, Henry Morton Stanley, Mary Henrietta Kingsley, Ewart Scott Grogan, Mary Hall and Constance Larymore. The author argues that objects are deeply involved in the construction of pre-modern and modern spheres that the travelling subject moves between. The objects in the travel accounts are studied in relation to a contextual background of Victorian commodity and object culture, epitomised by the 1851 Great Exhibition and the birth of the modern anthropological museum. The four analysis chapters investigate the roles of objects in ethnographical and geographical writing, in ideological discussions about the transformative powers of colonial trade, and in narratives about the arrival of the book in the colonial periphery. As the analysis shows, however, objects tend not to behave as they are expected to do. Instead of marking temporal differences, descriptions of objects are typically unstable and riddled with contradictions and foreground the ambivalence that characterises colonial literature.

  • 30.
    Jonsson, Andrea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Enforcing Patriarchal Values: A socialist feminist analysis of the characters of Offred and Serena Joy in Margaret Atwood's novel The Handmaid's Tale2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay shows how Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handmaid’s Tale (1985) functions as a critique of patriarchal society as it depicts a dystopic, dismantled society where women are divided into societal groups on biological grounds. Based on socialist feminist literary theory, an analysis is carried out of two of the female characters, Offred and Serena Joy, who are both oppressed by a patriarchal, totalitarian government; an oppression that is manifested in different ways. Offred is used as a tool to provide children and Serena Joy is confined within the home. The focus of the analysis is on the oppression of these two characters by the patriarchal government through the removal of their rights due to their gender. Red and blue, the two colors used to mark their different societal groups, are analyzed to show how they affect the reader’s perception of these characters and how the novel demonstrates the division of women visually. 

  • 31.
    Kahl, Lovisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Snälla, kan du inte bara sitta stilla som alla andra?: En kvalitativ textanalys av litteratur för och om barn med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate how pedagogical picture books intended for inclusion represents children with neuropsychiatric disabilities. This is investigated through in-depth analysis of four books dealing with the subject from different approaches, recommended by state libraries and the specialised educational authority. The study also aims to pay attention to the available material and to highlight what kind of image of divergent children that is beeing communicated to pre-school children and what consequences this may have. The results of the analysis may be useful in the selection of inclusion material and how the books can be practised in a norm-critical and socio-cultural approach.

  • 32.
    Karlsson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Det är sån man är”: Mödrars framställning i fyra barnböcker2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to analyze, from a gender perspective, how mothers are represented in four selected books from different eras of Swedish authors, in order to see if and how society's values are reflected in the stories. In the study, close reading has been used as a method, where both women and men have been analyzed as each other's counter poles. In support of the analysis, with the aim of function as compliment to each other, two analysis schemes for masculine and feminine character traits have been used, partly Maria Nikolajeva's analysis schedule for masculine and feminine character traits and partly Yvonne Hirdman's first law of masculinity, according which men and women are defined as each oth-er’s opposites. Common to these schemes is that the man is superior to the woman. The result shows that two of the books reproduce stereotypical gender roles where the man is seen as the superior to the woman while the other two challenge the values and norms of the society to some extent by opposing the social ideal of that time for how to be and act as a woman and as a man. 

  • 33.
    Kimblad, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Slaughterhouse-Five: An Analysis of Billy Pilgrim's Mental Trauma2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five focuses on Billy Pilgrim’s travels through time and his experiences during World War II. More than that, it is a story about the journey of a clearly troubled protagonist whose mental state, best described as broken, is never fully explored in the novel. The aim of this essay is to bring light to the intricacies of Billy’s curious mental state, and to explore the theory that the alien encounters as well as the time travelling that he experiences are the result of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder that Billy suffers from. This is done by analyzing Billy’s experiences with time travel, emotional numbing, and Tralfamadorians and connecting it to known symptoms and causes of PTSD. The results show that Billy does indeed showcase strong signs of PTSD, which were most likely caused by a combination of childhood experiences and trauma during the war. This PTSD manifests itself through Billy’s time travelling and alien encounters, which are used as a coping mechanism.

  • 34.
    Krausz, Louise
    Karlstad University.
    Filmens plats i läroboken: En analys av läroböcker baserade på tre olika läroplaner2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Lamberg, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mysteriet med genusnormer: En analys av den mest utlånade skönlitteratur 2017 för åldrarna 6-9år ur ett genusperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have a society that strives for gender equality while distributing every characteristic and interest in the different compartment of the sexes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how gender norms of the different sexes are communicated in the most borrowed books in 2017.

    The theoretical starting points were theories of gender and its influence in fiction. From the theories, concepts such as gender, genus and gender order were used in the first place. Based on the aim, the choice of method became a qualitative method, more specifically a literature analysis, which involved analysing and reviewing the five most lent books. Delimitations were drawn on a yearly basis, which gave me a top list, partly a local demarcation, but also the most lent books for a certain age span, 6-9 years. In the result, we see that the protagonists are often described breaking the standard, while the minor characters mostly follow the norm for their gender. There were occasions where patterns were broken even by the minor characters, but it was not appreciated by the surroundings.

  • 36.
    Larsen Rogne, Tina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Han eller hon- Vad spelar det för roll?: En komparativ bilderboksanalys av den kvinnliga karaktären i utvalda bilderböcker2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Lazic, Boris
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    "With Meaning and Meaning's Rebuttal": A Contrastive Reading of Philip Larkin's The Less Deceived2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on Philip Larkin’s The Less Deceived, a collection of poems published in 1955, and tries to demonstrate how the poems within it can be organized and understood according to a contrast between more and less deceived. Through close reading and comparative analysis this overarching contrast is shown to be expressed by recurrences of imagery and thematic material as well as by a series of related opposing terms which inform many of the viewpoints expressed within the collection. These oppositions include those between illusion and disillusion, distance and proximity, surface and depth, artifice and reality as well as innocence and guilt. The essay also concludes that the overarching categories of greater and lesser deception are expressed to varying degrees by the different poems and that neither category can thus be considered as favoured above the other.

  • 38.
    Lindahl Andersson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Is there a poem in this class?: A study of the potential of poetry in the Swedish EFL classroom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on two main areas. Firstly, it aims to investigate to what extent upper secondary EFL students’ response to poetry corresponds with one knowledge requirement set by Skolverket (National Agency for Education) for English 6. Secondly, it aims to give a brief account of student views on specific works of poetry, rather than poetry as a genre. To collect material for this study an investigation of the reception of three poems was conducted in two upper secondary classes, one in a vocational programme and one in an academic programme. The three poems chosen for the purpose were "Time passes by" by Anatol Knotek, "To the Virgins to make much of Time" by Robert Herrick and "Cat's in the Cradle" by Harry Chapin. The study shows that goal fulfilment does take place through the reading of and response to poetry, to a certain extent. The study also indicates that the students are more inclined to appreciate works of poetry than the notion of poetry as a genre. Finally, the paper suggests that more research be done on the subject, specifically to investigate what could be developed in order for poetry reading to further support learning outcomes.

  • 39.
    Lindberg, Marlene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Patriarchal Princesses and Wicked Witches: A Feminist Reading of the Depiction of Women in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the Salem witch trials of 1692-1693, Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible treats a historical event that could be considered overflowing with patriarchal oppression. Despite the author’s clear disapproval of the historical cruelty, the play continuously reveals patriarchal structures and shows misogynist tendencies in its depiction of women. This essay suggests that the two main female characters Abigail Williams and Elizabeth Proctor function as representations of binary oppositions based on the patriarchal assumption of two categories of women: the ‘bad girl’ and the ‘good girl,’ which both reinforce the idea of women as unnuanced objects rather than multifaceted subjects. By arguing that Abigail and Elizabeth represent the binary pairs ‘selfish/sacrificing’ and ‘promiscuous/frigid,’ the essay finds that the two women are depicted as ‘either/or’ and that the unnuanced portrayals result in an unsympathetic reading of them. Finally, the essay concludes that regardless if the woman is a ‘good girl’ or a ‘bad girl,’ she is socially punished or given unflattering characteristics in order not to compete with the male protagonist in terms of reader sympathy.

  • 40.
    Lisnäs, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Strindbergsbilder i gymnasiets litteraturundervisning: En analys av fyra läromedel i svenska2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study the image of Strindberg that is conveyed in four different textbooks for the upper secondary school. How do the teaching authors choose to portray Strindberg? Do they focus on any one particular aspect of his writing? Adjacent to this a subsidiary aim is to see if teaching authors highlight the fictional nature of Strindberg’s works or choose to encourage a biographical interpretation. The work consists of a study of four literary history textbooks in the subject of Swedish for the upper secondary school, from 2000 to 2012. In the selected material the sections focusing on Strindberg and his writings are closely read and critically analysed. The teaching materials have then been compared to each other, with the purpose of trying to find similarities or differences in the way Strindberg is portrayed.

    What emerged from the analysis is that the aspect of Strindberg that is consistently provided with the greatest scope is his prose. Alongside and in interaction with the writing, much space is given to the person Strindberg and incidents from his life that has influenced his writing. The works and the facts about Strindberg which are given special emphasis are generally the same, what distinguishes the materials from each other is the actual image of Strindberg and the attributes and epithets used in the transmission of this image. A biographical interpretation of the works is indeed used throughout, like in the teaching materials of the 1980- and 1990s. 

  • 41.
    Lundström, Johanna
    Karlstad University.
    Innocence and Experience: Deconstructing Blake's “Two Contrary States of the Human Soul”2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay analyzes poems and deconstructs binary oppositions in William Blake's Songs of Innocence and of Experience. By analyzing a number of poems, the essay exemplifies how Blake not only creates binary oppositions, but how he also deconstructs them. The essay focuses on the central binary opposition of innocence and experience, but also shows different binary oppositions to further show how Blake is setting up and deconstructing binary oppositions. The essay will argue that Blake can be considered an early deconstructionist due to his use of binary oppositions, as well as Blake intentionally creates binary oppositions.

  • 42.
    Löfstrand, My
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Lust till att läsa: Att väcka barns läsmotivation i skolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how the students’ motivation for reading pleasure is caught in school. It is also about how the teachers choose which kind of reading materials they use in the education to give the students the best possible conditions for a lifelong reading pleasure.

    What motivates the students in the primary school to read, not just because they must, but also by their own free will? Through my work, I put previous research on reading interest, motivation and self-confidence against what pupils in grade 3 consider the education in reading give them. The pupils’ experiences about whether they can influence the content in their educational material also effects how well motivated they are to assimilate the ability in reading.

    My survey is based om questionnaires for pupils in grade 3 and active Swedish teachers in the same year, the reading motivation and the choice of materials were studied, but also how much access to other books they have.

    A great access to books favors reading enthusiasm, both at school and at home. But it takes more than books to make students motivated to enjoy reading.

  • 43.
    Maninnerby, Lina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Barnböcker med vatten som tema: En innehållsanalys utifrån ett kemi-och fysikperspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    In this study, 10 children’s books with water as a theme, for 1-6-year-olds have been reviewed through a content analysis, to get knowledge of how chemistry and physics are anchored and used in the books text. The results of the analysis showed a very weak use of science concepts while more everyday-words linked to water were used frequently. During the analysis, some texts in the books were considered, to be able to implement science concepts without disturbing the text flow. Why it seemed to have been avoided can possibly be linked to the different language usage and the society’s relationship to these.

  • 44.
    Muir, Hollie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Literature Education and English as a World Language: Various countries’ representation in literary texts in coursebooks in English education for upper secondary school in Sweden.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to investigate which countries and geographical regions are most prevalent in literary texts in coursebooks published before and after the curriculum change in 2011, as well as determining if there is a greater diversity of countries and regions represented in the coursebooks published after 2011. A content analysis was used as well as studies by various researchers to investigate the literary texts in the coursebooks. Ten coursebooks published before and after 2011 were analyzed by using the four categories text origin (i.e. country of original publication), author, setting and character to answer the research questions for this thesis. This study concludes that coursebooks published before 2011 do not meet the requirements for the current national curriculum, whereas coursebooks published after 2011 show a much broader diversity in countries represented and meet the current curriculum requirements.

  • 45.
    Muir, Nicole
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Obedience and Influence: A Social Psychology Study of Chararcter Developments in Todd Strasser's The Wave2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Narvelid, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Fadersgestalten i bilderboken: Läsning av 6 böcker från 1959 till idag2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, you can read about how the father figure is integrated into children’s reality and play world by the way of picture books. The purpose of the study is to illustrate how the father figure is portrayed in old and new picture books, and if it has changed over time. I have examined 6 books from 1959 until the present day on a general level, whereof two pieces have been analysed more in depth. The main questions of this thesis are: How is the father figure portrayed in the different books? Is he present or absent in the child's reality? The study uses a multimodal basis and draws on previous research and literature to reach the result.

    The results of examining the father figure in these different books were that the newspaper is a central symbol. The father appears on several occasions in the picture books sitting with the newspaper in front of his face. This is something that you can research further on. Get answers on how is it that so many writers and illustrators choose to portray the father in this way.

  • 47.
    Nielsen Isho, Paul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Prototypical Avengers in The Spanish Tragedy and Hamlet2015Student paper second term, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the height of the English Renaissance, the revenge tragedies The Spanish Tragedy and Hamlet were introduced to the English literary canon. In this essay, I will focus on the similarities that the protagonists, Hamlet and Hieronimo, share as prototypical avengers. Although Hamlet’s contribution to the genre should not be discredited, I will argue that the similar characterisation of Hieronimo in The Spanish Tragedy, portrays the same depth and entitlement to the acclaim as a prototypical avenger as Hamlet. Even though their portrayal may differ in tone, their shared commonality attributes equal complexity to both characters. I will compare and analyse the two plays in order to demonstrate that both characters should be considered prototypical avengers. The essay concludes that a reluctance to revenge and a tendency to contemplate the morality of the action is prominently shared by both prototypical avengers. Although critics generally infer Hieronimo is a less complex character in comparison with Hamlet, this essay will show how both avengers deserve equal credit. This essay illustrates this statement by juxtaposing their equal need to find justification before taking revenge, use of suicide to emphasise their moral dilemma, and comment on the tragic consequences of revenge.

  • 48.
    Nordstedt, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Fadersgestalten i barnboken: En studie av två barnboksfäder2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, you can read about how two father figures in two popular and common Swedish children´s books are represented. The purpose of this study is to illustrate how the two father figures are portrayed by the authors and what they resemble in the eye of the reader. What similarities do these father figures have and what differ in their relationships to their children. Another aspect of this study is to see how children´s literature can be used in a classroom to raise awareness about gender and norm. I have studied Astrid Lindgrens book, Ronja Rövardotter and Gunilla Bergströms books about the boy Alfons Åberg. The main questions of this thesis are how these fatherfigures and their relationships are represented in children´s books both in a parenthood perspective but also in a gender perspective.

  • 49.
    Odot-Andersson, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Questioning Gender: A Teacher's Guide to Raising Gender Awareness in the Classroom - Exemplified through Stephanie Meyer's Twilight2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish school one of the tasks is to work against gender stereotypes and towardsequality between the sexes. The purpose with this essay is to present ways of looking atliterature that teachers can either implement in their classroom or use to better preparethemselves, ways for both teachers and their pupils to gain a critical view towards literaturethat can strengthen the work towards such equality. The tools used in the essays are 1) readingprevious scholars’ analysis of the text, 2) the Bechdel-Wallace-Test, and 3) the Gender Stairs.My example text will be Stephanie Meyer’s Twilight from 2007. The results shows that thebook clearly presents stereotypes of males and females, since the male characters in the bookare strong, protective, and active, while the female characters are beautiful, dependent, andpassive. The novel also defends, preserves, and amplifies patriarchal structures. This analysisplaces Twilight as a minus three in Edwertz and Lundström’s Gender Stairs. The novel is thusa good book for teachers to use if they want their students to see a classical example of howgender myths are presented in literature. Showing a classical example of stereotypes inliterature may in turn help the students detect stereotypes, which is one step towards equalitybetween men and women, which is one of the tasks of the Swedish schools.

  • 50.
    Olefalk, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A Body of One's Own: A Comparison Between Woolf's A Room of One's Own and Moran's How To Be a Woman2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay the author compares Virginia Woolf’s A Room of One’s Own (1928) to Caitlin Moran’s How To Be a Woman (2012). The two texts have both been described as feminist manifests of their time. The essay focuses on differences and similarities between the two texts, mainly focusing on the authors’ reasons for writing their texts and on the rhetoric they use to reach the audience.

    The comparison shows that there are many similarities between the texts, given the historical context they were written in. For instance, both Woolf and Moran use humor as rhetorical means and they both see cooperation between women and men as the solution for a better future.

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