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  • 1.
    Afrasiabi, Soran
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The River as a Symbol of Liberty: An analysis regarding the Significance of the Mississippi River in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the extensive research on slavery during the antebellum, few authors have investigated the connection between the Mississippi river and its importance and status as a symbol of freedom throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain. Therefore, this essay attempts to analyze just how much the river actually meant for Huck and Jim during their journey towards freedom. The methodology of this analysis is based on a qualitative content analysis where categories are created and put it in relation to the historical and political landscape the novel presents. By investigating how the river functioned as an optional escape route that would lead the slaves far away from the notoriously bad treatment on the cotton fields, as well as the dangerous riverside settings which involved several risks for both Huck and Jim, this essay concludes that the river does not only work as an escape route away from captivity and civilization, it also provided the characters with a comfortable and safe home which alone could symbolize liberty.

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  • 2.
    Alfred, Sjödin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    "En fullkomlig man": Kropp och samhällsutveckling hos Viktor Rydberg2021In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, no 1-2, p. 120-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article treats the place of the body in thecultural criticism of Viktor Rydberg, not only as a central theme but also as an image with the potential to figuratively describe societal and even cosmic relationships. Rydberg’s idealof the symmetrical and athletic body is seen inthe perspective of his dependence on German neo-humanism and the gymnastic movement.The ideal of bodily symmetry figures as an image of universal man who defies the division of labor, while the deformed body inversely figures as an image of the lack of wholeness in a stratified bourgeois society. This is further elucidated by an analysis of Rydberg’s view of Darwinism and his fear of degeneration .In the final section, special attention is given to Rydberg’s broodings on the “Future of theWhite Race”. In this text, the body is a figure of the collectivity (the body politic) and its diseases signify political and moral crisis, while the remedy for this state of affairs lies in recognizing the unity of the living, the deadand the unborn in the body of Christ.

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  • 3.
    Alfred, Sjödin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Erik Zillén, Fabelbruk i svensk tidigmodernitet. En genrehistorisk studie.2021In: Samlaren: Tidskrift för forskning om svensk och annan nordisk litteratur, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 42, p. 411-415Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 4.
    Alfred, Sjödin
    Lund University.
    Recension av "Samtalets retorik. Belevade kulturer och offentlig kommunikation i svenskt 1700-tal": av Ann Öhrberg2015In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 2015, no 2-3, p. 132-135Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Alfred, Sjödin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Tegnér och tiden2023In: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund: Årsbok 2023 / [ed] Daniel Möller, Lund: Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund , 2023, p. 89-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Gender and Sexuality on Gethen: A Contemporary Analysis of Ursula K le Guin's The Left Hand of Darkness2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ursula K Le Guin wrote The Left Hand of Darkness (1969) because she wanted to explore the limitations of gender and sexuality in a way that reflected the ongoing epistemic changes in her society. She created the Gethenians, an ambisexual, androgynous species that live most of their life without an assigned sex, making their entire society lack the concept of gender. Le Guin writes in her essay “Is Gender Necessary? Redux” (1988) that she wanted to erase gender to find out what was left. This essay will examine how the themes of gender and sexuality are explored in the Left Hand of Darkness, questioning if gender was actually erased. It is Le Guin’s linguistic choices and assumption that androgyny is masculine that assigns male gender to the Gethenians, without them having a biological sex. This renders the female experience invisible, creating a severe imbalance between the male and female part of them. However, by using Genly Ai - one of the main narrators, a male character from Terra (Earth) - gender is still presented as something fluid and non-binary, even though the Gethenians are generally perceived as more masculine. Sexuality, on the other hand, is more fluid and open, presenting a completely different idea than the norm present in the world of the reader. On Gethen, sexuality is celebrated when it is controlled and separate from everyday life, contrary to the celebration of a constant, masculine and aggressive view on sex. In conclusion, The Left Hand of Darkness presents the reader with a safe and comfortable version of androgyny, ultimately leaving many readers wanting more from the thought experiment.

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  • 7. Andersson, Mikael
    The Art of Carrying the Fire: Carrying the Fire: Motivation for Survival in Cormac McCarthy’s The Road2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is working on exploring what it is that motivates the man and the boy to survive despite the harsh reality they live in. The purpose of the essay is to show four main factors for motivation: morality, religion, society and paternal love. The first factor is the fundamental inner voice of morality which tells them why they should do something. In order to be able to productively discuss the topic of moral motivation I will introduce W.D. Ross's theory of Pluralistic Deontology as a means to find a framework in which to discuss this aspect of the novel. The second factor discussed is religion, which somewhat functions in the same way as morality does but seems to be more of a driving force, primarily for the man. The third factor is society in the sense of how it motivates one to take certain actions. I will use Thomas Hobbes’s idea of the state of nature, but also make it clear how, specifically, a postapocalyptic scenario affects the protagonists. The fourth factor and also the overarching factor discussed is paternal love. This factor is inter-located throughout the whole essay. Probably the most significant phrase from Cormac McCarthy’s The Road is “carrying the fire” (79). It is a central focal point in the man and the boy's overall interaction. The importance of the phrase cannot be stressed enough and does, without a doubt, carry a significant meaning for them both. However, we never really get an explanation to what the phrase really means, which inevitably invites the readers to draw their own conclusions as to what the phrase conveys. It remains ambiguous throughout the novel but in terms of motivation it has to do with surviving and/or the upholding of values remembered from the pre-apocalyptic society. As I address the phrase this meaning it also becomes possible to see that there are motivating factors for both the man and the boy that affect their morale to keep the fire going. This essay will investigate three possible motivating factors found in the novel, and, in addition to this, an overarching factor that can, arguably, function as connection between the other three factors.  

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  • 8.
    Artan, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Narcissism and the American Dream in Arthur Miller´s Death of a Salesman2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the theme of the American Dream in relation to narcissism in Miller’s Death of a salesman. The purpose is to demonstrate that a close reading of the main protagonist, Willy Loman, suggests that his notion of success in relation to the American Dream can be regarded as narcissistic.  This essay will examine this by first observing how Willy´s notion of success is represented in the play, then look at how his understanding of it can be viewed from a narcissistic standpoint.  The results I have found in my analysis show that there is a connection between Willy’s understanding of success and his narcissistic behavior. He displays traits such as grandiosity, arrogance, need of specialness and denial of emotions. His relationship with other characters reveals his lack of empathy, manipulation and exploitation of others as well as his need of superiority and fear of inferiority.  The conclusion is that Willy and his notion of success could be considered as narcissistic.                 

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    Fredrik Artan
  • 9.
    Artan, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Harry Potter as High Fantasy: The Uses of High Fantasy in J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to present the reader an analysis of Harry Potter as high fantasy and how Rowling has expanded on high fantasy norms which can be seen as a contributing factor to why the saga became such a global phenomenon.  This essay will show the ways in which Harry Potter elaborates on the high-fantasy norms by analyzing its narrative elements (setting, narrative structure, characters, and language). The first part will be a brief introduction to high-fantasy and its norms while the second part will be an analysis of the novels in terms of these norms.

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  • 10.
    Axén, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    In Conflict with Conformity: The Protagonist’s Struggle against Victorian Institutions and Gendered Behavioral Norms in Jane Eyre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the theme of conformity in Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre. It highlights in particular the protagonist’s conflict with conformity as criticism of social inequality in terms of gender. The analysis builds on the patriarchal concept of the angel of the house, as described by Lois Tyson and Alastair Henry and Catharine Walker Bergström, which is a definition of the governing codes of behavior women of the nineteenth century were expected to follow within both the domestic and professional sphere. Specifically, these spheres are organized through significant Victorian institutions such as the household, the education and employment of women and the marriage. The behavior of Jane is discussed in relation to these institutions as a means to support the argument of the protagonist distancing herself from contemporary gender norms. The conclusion of the essay shows that Jane’s circumstances within these institutions leads to her deviation from behavioral norms as a deliberate action.

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  • 11.
    Backlund, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Hybrid identities in The Lonely Londoners by Samuel Selvon: A character analysis of the two characters Moses and Galahad.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay reads and analyses the novel The Lonely Londoners by Samuel Selvon through the lens of postcolonial theory. It examines the West Indian migrants who migrated to Britain in the 1950s, searching for a better life. They had been indoctrinated by the colonizers for decades of the prosperous life awaiting them in the Motherland. They arrived in Britain with high hopes and eager minds to find a possibility of abandoning the colonial oppression in exchange for alife in London. However, that did not become the reality for the migrants. The novel depicts the shattering of the sensation of self-worth and identity which they sacrificed in their attempts to adapt to and belong in English society. The migrants find themselves confused and ambivalentin this very harsh and cold British society. Further, this essay investigates the ways in whichmimicry and hybridity have been portrayed in the novel through analysing two of the main characters applying theories by Homi Bhabha, Frantz Fanon, Stuart Hall, and Edouard Glissant. 

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  • 12.
    Backman, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    The Awakening of a Modern Self: Self-Discovery in Kate Chopin’s Novel The Awakening2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that The Awakening treats the 1890s “modern woman” that arose from feminist ideas and the women’s movement, challenging patriarchal society with an independent lifestyle. Following Ringe, this essay suggests that the novel has a purpose of showing the process and the development of the protagonist’s individual self. But rather than connect this theme to the transcendentalist notion of the self, as Ringe does, this essay looks at this theme in the light of the notion of the “modern woman”. By arguing that Edna develops into a modern woman during this process, the essay finds that she moves from the traditional position as a “patriarchal woman” towards the role of an “emancipated woman”. Further, the essay shows that Edna’s development and thereby her attempt to change her position fails as the process of self-discovery is conflicted, resulting in Edna’s suicide. Finally, by also arguing that the novel treats a woman’s self and the process of a development, the essay visualizes that the novel is built-up by seven steps that together constitute the process from “patriarchal woman” to “emancipated woman”. This process awakens a self-awareness and self-image within Edna that are strengthened with each of these step as she becomes a “modern woman”.

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  • 13.
    Berg Mattsson, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Reading Matters: An Exploration of ELT textbooks in Sweden and their approach to reading2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis investigates to what extent contemporary ELT textbooks include reading materials as well as what types of texts are being used and what reading strategies they seemingly promote. Additionally, the study analyzes whether there is a noticeable discrepancy in teaching materials designed for the vocational and university preparatory and considers whether the design of the current textbook is representative of the current view of reading as a teaching tool as reflected in official policy documents. Through the means of a content analysis of a total of six in use ELT textbooks, the study discovers that few ELT textbooks include a satisfactory amount of reading materials and that there is a significant discrepancy between teaching materials intended for the separate orientations of upper secondary school in Sweden. It is also discovered that the set of textbooks largely reflect the current view of language teaching. The study concludes that the current practice of language teaching is ill-suited to counter the development of declining reading literacy and suggests an alternative methodology in extensive reading. 

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  • 14.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Carina Burman. Bellman, Biografin2020In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 141, p. 223-228Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 15.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Delblanc, Voltaire och modet till sanning2019In: Delbladet, ISSN 2002-0384, p. 36-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar, med utgångspunkt i begreppet parrhesia, så som det beskrivs av Michel Foucault, sanningslidelsen hos Sven Delblanc och hos Voltaire. Ett säskilt fokus ligger på karaktären Rouet i Delblancs roman Speranza. Delblanc angav själv att denne var "kalkerad på Voltaire".

  • 16.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Medmänsklighetens enkla nattvard: Om den mänskliga beröringen i Sven Delblancs författarskap - och hos några till2021In: Den förtvivlade humanisten: Nio essäer om Sven Delblanc / [ed] Lars Ahlbom, Carlsson Bokförlag, 2021Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom hela sitt författarskap skildrar Sven Delblanc kärleken, medmänskligheten och kroppskontakten såsom livsviktiga, ja, såsom heliga existentiella värden som man inte får handskas slarvigt med. Delblancs romanvärld är mycket mörk. Mänsklig närhet framställs dock i romanvärlden som det blommande körsbärsträdet i den mörka skogen.

  • 17.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Möte mellan mästare: Om Lars Lönnroths dubbelbiografi2022In: Delbladet, ISSN 2002-0384, Vol. 9, p. 41-43Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Nordenflychts nej: Ett upplysningsreligiöst spänningsfält och dess litterära manifestationer2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det rådde under 1700-talet konsensus i västerlandet om att världsordningen är moralisk, så att det goda belönas och det onda straffas. Denna världsåskådning var den grund som kyrkan och samhället vilade på, och marken under 1700-talsmänniskornas fötter. Skulle man utmana och rucka på detta fundament skulle kaos hota att sippra in. Ändå gjorde Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht det i ett flertal dikter. Tidigare än någon annan i Sverige publicerade hon texter som ifrågasatte rådande doxa inom världsåskådningsdiskursen, och som utmanade det världsliga patriarkatet såväl som det himmelska. Med fokus på lidandets problem och det filosofiska teodicéproblemet visade hennes texter att föreställningen om en moralisk världsordning inte höll streck, och att en monistisk ontologi blir djupt problematisk, om man samtidigt vill hålla fast vid tron på en god Försyn. Hennes dikter argumenterar också med emfas för upplysning och emot dogmerna om att människan måste vänta tills hon når himlen med att få insikt i världsordningen. Nordenflycht är den första i vårt land som offentligt ger sig in i den världsbildsdiskussion som är centrum i upplysningsdiskursen och som i Europa drivs av skribenter som Bayle, Newton, Leibniz, King, Pope, von Haller, Voltaire och Hume.

    Helene Blomqvist visar i denna bok hur Nordenflychts texter blir till blasfemiska mottexter mot det officiella ordet. De nyttjar grepp såsom ironi och parodi, bryter med genrekonventioner och introducerar nya textstrategier och kommunikationsmodeller, främmande för en klassicistisk estetik och ett retoriskt kommunikationssystem – subjektivism, intimitet, och inte minst emotionell laddning, av sorg och av indignation – och på detta vis kastar de skarpt kritiskt ljus över tidens brännande världsbildsfrågor. I den svenska sekulariseringsprocessen är Nordenflycht pionjären. Hennes dikter är de första litterära aktörerna i den myndiggörandeprocess som fört vårt land dit där det idag befinner sig.

  • 19.
    Bogren, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läromedel och metoder för andraspråksinlärning: En undersökning om hur läromede används vid skrivinlärning hos elever med ett annat modersmål2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 240 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research aims to find out how a small sized school in western Sweden, where the experience regarding second language students is not very high, accept the challenge to find and use teaching methods adapted to the students. It will investigate what specific methods or theaching materials are used and why they have been chosen, all this with a focus on literacy learning.

    The method applied is qualitive interviews. Four teachers have been interviewed from three different grades. In the result and discussion the empiricism according to the four issues about teaching materials and choice of methods is presented.

    The results show that the teachers more or less use specific methods and materials. Among these are genre pedagogy and copying as methods for second language students learning swedish writing skills. The materials presented include something called ”ZickZack” and ” my words” and are used mainly during Swedish class.

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  • 20.
    Bokne, Saga
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Drought, Rats, and Pecksies: Mechanisms of Xenophobia in Robin Hobb’s “Words Like Coins”2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Robin Hobb’s fantasy fiction has repeatedly been noted for its nuanced treatment of complex issues, such as colonialism (Young 2014), honour culture (Caroll 2007), queer identity (Prater 2016; Melville 2018), and sexual violence (Borowska-Szerszun 2019). In my paper, I will use concepts from social psychology to analyse Hobb’s short story “Words Like Coins” (2009), in which Hobb makes use of fairy lore to probe the workings of xenophobia.

                 “Words Like Coins” relates the encounter of two young women with a tribe of fairy beings known as pecksies, an encounter which is fraught with prejudice, and which very nearly ends in disaster for all. By providing a detailed account of the ways in which the pecksies are dehumanized by the human protagonist and her friend, Hobb’s story lays bare the mechanisms through which acts such as lynching and genocide are made possible, furthermore dismantling the conventional fantasy dichotomy between Good and Evil by depicting evil acts as caused by fear rather than malice.

                Moreover, as my paper will show, the narrative is constructed in such a way as to invite the reader to be complicit in considering these heinous acts. Through narrative devices such as limited point of view, the use of stylistic features borrowed from horror writing, and oblique allusions to fairy folklore, the reader is made to share the protagonist’s uncertainty and fear until the very end of the story. By thus making the reader complicit, Hobb’s story not only tells of, but demonstrates, the mechanisms through which “good” people can be induced to consider atrocities.

  • 21.
    Bokne, Saga
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    "Every Natural Thing in This Place": City Fairies and Urban Ecology in Emma Bull’s War for the Oaks2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In an article entitled “Where Have All the Fairies Gone?” (1997) Gwyneth Evans delineates two trends in modern depictions of fairies: the “neo-Victorian” fairy and the “ecological” fairy. The ecological fairy, which is the type discussed here, denotes a class of “supernatural beings who are associated with the natural environment of a particular place, and concerned with its preservation," and Evans’ examples include Tolkien’s ents as well as the tiny flower fairies of the children’s movie Fern Gully: The Last Rainforest. Apparently, she concludes, the fairies have “[g]one to Greenpeace, every one."

                In my paper, I will use Evans’ concept of the ecological fairy as a departure point for an ecocritical interrogation of Emma Bull’s urban fantasy classic War for the Oaks. “The link between the fairies and one beloved place,” Evans writes, “is an essential element in the tales of what I have termed ecological fairies." The fairies in War for the Oaks are certainly closely tied to “one beloved place”, the preservation of which is their ultimate goal—but the place which they inhabit and defend is not a pristine forest, a rugged hill or a blooming meadow, but the modern city of Minneapolis. Nevertheless, like Evans’ ecological fairies, Bull’s fairies, too, are closely associated with “natural” features. Cities, Stefan Ekman (2013) argues, are “among the most interesting, and certainly the most distinct, interfaces between nature and culture”; and Leo Mellor (2014) points out that “wilderness can be found in the overlooked cracks in city-life." In War for the Oaks, Bull uses her fairies to call attention to the presence of the natural within the urban, designating as their dominion “every natural thing in this place." Embracing a broad definition of nature—the natural/magical sites of the novel include a naturally occurring waterfall as well as a park greenhouse, and even a modernist fountain—War for the Oaks moreover denies any rigid division between culture and nature. Instead, it presents a portrait of Minneapolis, infused with nature and magic, in which the modern city almost becomes a living organism in itself.

  • 22.
    Borg, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mellan Sänkan och Höjden: En maktanalys av romanen Björnstad2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through a power analysis, this paper examines how the athletic quality of the ice hockey players versus their socio-economic conditions is made in Fredrik Backman's novel Björnstad. Based on Michel Foucault's theory of dynamic strength, an analysis is made of how power relationships occur between players of different sports quality and socioeconomic background. The analysis begins with a analysis of the rape in the story and then proceeds with a discussion about the different means used in the text to produce the players' quality and socioeconomic backgrounds. By then analyzing different sections of the story, I discuss how the dynamic power relationships occur between selected players and other characters associated with the ice hockey club. In the context of power relations, master suppression techniques are discussed that the characters use.

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    Mellan Sänkan och Höjden
  • 23.
    Brax, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A Rhetorical Reading of George Orwell's 1984: The brainwashing of Winston in the light of ethos, logos and pathos2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to cast a light upon the brainwashing carried out by the totalitarian Party in George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984, and induce a deeper understanding of its persuasive effect on Winston Smith, the main character. Winston passionately hates the Party and its leader Big Brother who govern the country Oceania in which he lives. However, after having undergone brainwashing that also includes torture, Winston surrenders to the ideology of the Party and at the end of the novel his hatred towards Big Brother has turned to love. In order to understand Winton’s conversion I carry out a close reading of the novel and apply the three rhetorical means of persuasion, ethos, logos and pathos, to the novel and demonstrate when and how these appeals are used on Winston. Against this rhetorical background the analysis shows that the Party’s usage of rhetorical appeals can explain why the brainwashing works successfully in its persuasive aim. This result also demonstrates that these three appeals play a prominent role over a course of several years in the Party’s indoctrination of Winston. Additionally, the presence of rhetoric proves that there is more than Winston being tortured to his conversion. Thus, Winston is not only tortured into repeating the principles of the party, he is also persuaded into actually believing in them and loving Big Brother by the Party’s strategic appeals to ethos, logos and pathos.

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  • 24.
    Brink, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Othering and Diversity in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings Trilogy: A Positive Presentation of Difference2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Lord of the Rings trilogy is greatly diverse in species, races, and ethnicities which is a fact that over the decades has engendered great scholarly discussions about hidden racism in the literary work. Therefore, an analysis of intercultural matters and encounters realized throughout the story is relevant for detecting a possible racist ideology. By applying the postcolonial concept “Othering,” which is an act of differentiation, this essay analyzes racist instances in the story, and the result of or opposition to those, in order to indicate the presence of an anti-Othering ideology in the trilogy. The analysis is conducted through discussion of Othering of other species/races/ethnicities caused by blind trust in one’s own group, Othering inside one’s own group, Othering of other species/races/ethnicities, and discussion about instances of multicultural acceptance. Considering Tolkien’s relationship to nature, this discussion also extends to Othering of nature. Consequently, this essay concludes how The Lord of the Rings trilogy arguably is against Othering since the story generally presents the act as negative to others, oneself, and/or one’s beloved as well as contains instances which simply convey a positive view of multiculturalism.

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  • 25.
    Brox, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Rattling Society´s Cage in The Great Gatsby: A Marxist Analysis of Character motivation in The Great Gatsby2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Great Gatsby is a famous novel first published in 1926, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The novel frequently criticizes the American dream, a concept which has become strongly linked to capitalism. As such, the text lends itself very well to Marxist theory despite not mentioning Marxism in the novel.  This C-essay will focus on what motivates the characters of this novel. Since the novels main character Jay Gatsby has been analyzed in many articles and essays he will not be analyzed in this essay. Instead it will focus on the other prominent characters such as Daisy, Tom, Myrtle, George and Nick. When their motivations are analyzed through a Marxist analytical perspective it becomes very clear that these characters have realized that society is not fulfilling their needs, and that their commercialized society is the cause of their unhappiness.

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  • 26. Colliander, Helena
    Charlotte Löwensköld och Anna Svärd: En roll- och karaktärsstudie av Selma Lagerlöfs sista hjältinnor1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 27.
    Cullbrand, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Föräldrar i bilderböcker: En litterär analys av fyra bilderböckers framställning av föräldrar ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study and compare how male and female are portrayed in four picture books from the 2010s and 1970s, with a focus on the parents. And see what weight the images have to create gender norms in the books. Research has shown that children are affected by the books' gender representation, which makes it interesting to look at whether gender norms are visible in today's picture books (the 2010 century) and how it looked just after focus had been put on gender representation in picture books (1970s). In addition, I believe that the parents are interesting characters to study because there have not been so many analysis regarding parents' gender representation.

     

    By the method of literary analysis, based on Nikolajevas Bilderbokens pusselbitar certain conclusions could be drawn. Among other things, in the case of the four analyzed picture books, it was difficult to find equality in the relationship between the parents. In addition, at least one parent in each picture book tended to become stereotyped because that parent was more in the background than the other.

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    Anna Cullbrand_rev
  • 28.
    D'Aniello, Charles Perseus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    “People, Corrupted”: Monstrous Transformations in “The Whistlers” and “Whitefall”2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay explores monstrosity in two contemporary horror stories: “The Whistlers” by Amity Argot, and “Whitefall” by C.K. Walker, focusing on how the humans in these texts are monstrously transformed. The monsters and monstrosity present in the texts are read against some of the cultural anxieties of postmodernity, and against various monstrous frameworks such as that of the zombie, the terrorist, and the monstrous space and nature. Both texts present monstrous spaces intent on perverting humans by eroding them physically until they reach a state of bare life that mimics zombification and may allegorize socioeconomic inequality, displacement, and the effects of capitalism; as well as by enticing them to commit atrocities against each other and transgress the very moral boundaries that defined them as human, up to and including cannibalism. In this way, these monsters reveal humans as their own annihilators, laying bare an innate human monstrosity that emerges from the traumatic conditions of postmodernity.

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  • 29.
    Danielsson, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Det var en gång en normal familj...: En normkritiskt komparativ studie av familjekonstellationer i bilderböcker.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the different family constellations that exists in a selection of children’s picture books published between the years of 1989 and 2015. The representations of these family constellations have been compared by critically investigating norms that applies to families and they have been analyzed by these norms and the statistics that existed in society at the beginning of the 21th century.

    The result shows that all of the four chosen picture-books goes against the norm on some point, but that the newest of the four books is the one that most resembles the picture of a nuclear family.

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    Det var en gång en normal familj...
  • 30.
    Edvinsson, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    May the Best Man Win: Non-stereotypical Masculinity in the Novel A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, Hanya Yanagihara’s main characters from the novel A Little Life (2015) are analyzed, with the basis of gender stereotypes and with the help of Raewyn Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity. It argues that the characters in question challenge the typical gender roles in the way that they are lacking in comparison to Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity and are portrayed with feminine attributes. Yanagihara’s portrayal of masculinity creates a depth to the characters in questions and a more complex view of masculinity.

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  • 31.
    Ek, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    External and Internal Horror Objects: Analysis of the "objects of horror" in H.P Lovecraft's The Call of Cthulhu and Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Both Lovecraft and Stevenson have earned their respective fame as horror writers.However, it is interesting to compare their separate approaches to creating fear. The purposeof this essay is to show how there are different kinds of horror objects within the respectivestories of Lovecraft's The Call of Cthulhu and Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Throughclose analysis of passages from the text, the external and internal origins of the respectivehorror objects are displayed, analyzed and compared. In the novels, there are distinctidentifiable types of horror objects within the respective narratives of The Call of Cthulhu andDr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. However, despite the sources of horror being vastly different betweenthe narratives, the threats which they facilitate are similar. In addition to covering somegeneral traits which pertain to each type, a more specific comparison between Cthulhu and MrHyde is provided. In the end, it is clear that despite being different in execution, the differenttypes of horror objects are not meant to be viewed as restricting in what they can fulfill withina given narrative. Instead, they simply lend themselves to certain themes better but can stillachieve similar results.

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  • 32.
    Ekman, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    A Double Perspective on the Social Margin in Lauren Beukes’s Zoo City2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ekman, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Crime Stories and Urban Fantasy2017In: CLUES: A Journal of Detection, ISSN 0742-4248, E-ISSN 1940-3046, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 48-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Among the many unexplored areas of urban fantasy is its relation to crime fiction.This article explores how features of the crime story are used to emphasize, reinforce, or introduceurban fantasy’s social commentary. It looks at the genres’ relationship, analyzing three urbanfan tasies and their respective crime fiction elements.

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  • 34. Ekman, Stefan
    Down, Out and Invisible in London and Seattle2005In: Foundation: The International Review of Science Fiction, ISSN 0306-4964, Vol. 34, no 94, p. 64-74Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 35.
    Ekman, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    London Urban Fantasy: Places with History2018In: Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, ISSN 0897-0521, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 380-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    London is one of the more popular settings for urban fantasy, standing out by offering both a great many famous locations and a history of two millennia. This essay argues that the city’s past is used to create a sense of “London-ness” by examining ten urban-fantasy versions of London. It identifies and analyzes the functions of four prominent aspects of history in these texts: the city’s origin and pre-origin, the Great Fire of 1666, the periods of building various subterranean tunnels, and the notion that London, at some point, has gone through an architectural Era of Uglification. Through these, London is portrayed as a literary place suitable to urban fantasy: it is a modern city but with a long history reaching back to a beginning where facts and legends mix. This long history gives rise to supernatural entities that hide in the underground tunnels constructed at various points in the city’s history.

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  • 36.
    Ekman, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Map and Text: World-Architecture and the Case of Miéville’s Perdido Street Station2018In: Literary Geographies, ISSN 0324-8305, E-ISSN 2397-1797, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 66-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, the author argues that analysing a fantasy novel that comes with a map without taking into account the dynamic between map and text would be to omit a vital part of the fictional world. By drawing on the Vitruvian triad of architectural theory, the construction of the world in China Miéville’s Perdido Street Station (2001) is analysed through some building-blocks of that world that emerge prominently on the novel’s map. After a brief discussion of world-building and fantasy maps, the map is taken as a starting point in order to demonstrate how the transport network in general and railways and skyrail in particular are given distinctive form. One function that these building-blocks have in the novel is to provide locations which the reader can use to link dynamically between text and map, thus relating locations to each other spatially and adding layers of meaning to them, turning them from spaces into places. Passages in the text are used to show how it is possible to move between map and text, and how such movement not only augments the spatiality of the world but that it also provides a way to discuss the city’s social and economic issues by juxtaposing different characters’ perspectives.

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  • 37.
    Ekman, Stefan
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Taylor, Audrey
    Midway university, USA.
    Borowska-Szerszun, Sylwia
    University of Bialystok, POL.
    Maj, Krzysztof M.
    Jagellonska universitetet, POL.
    Szymczak-Maciejczyk, Barbara
    Pedagogical University of Krakow, POL.
    Literatura Niewidocznego: Wizje i rewizje urban fantasy2018In: Creatio Fantastica, ISSN 2300-2514, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 177-188Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A discussion Literature of the Unseen—Visions and (Re)visions of Urban Fantasy collects theoretical reflections upon the subgenres of urban fantasy and paranormal romance, along with a brief commentary on the body of text representative for both conventions. Participants include „Creatio Fantasti­ca” editors—Sylwia Borowska-Szerszun, Krzysztof M. Maj, and Barbara Szymczak-Maciejczyk—as well as renowned experts in the field of fantasy studies: Stefan Ekman, author of the first monograph of fantasy map-making, Here Be Dragons. Exploring Fantasy Maps & Settings (2013), and Audrey Taylor, author of Patricia A. McKillip and the Art of Fantasy World-building (2017).

  • 38.
    Ekman, Stefan
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Taylor, Audrey Isabel
    Midway University, USA.
    Notes Toward a Critical Approach to Worlds and World-Building2016In: Fafnir: Nordic Journal of Science Fiction and Fantasy Research, E-ISSN 2342-2009, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 7-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Imaginary worlds and how they are constructed are central to fiction. The term world-building, however, has been applied so broadly in scholarship that it has become ambiguous and difficult to use in critical discussions. Aiming to contribute to greater clarity in the critical use of the term, this article introduces the concept of critical world-building. This is distinguished from other types of world-building, such as that performed by an author or reader, mainly by the fact that a critic analyses a world through a combination of their sequential presentation, as complete world, and with critical interpretation and theoretical filters in place, applying all three perspectives simultaneously. Two possible approaches to critical world-building are presented, based on the functions of a world’s building-blocks and how to interpret those functions. The first approach focuses on a world’s “architecture” – its structural and aesthetic system of places – and the form, function, and meaning of those places. The second emphasises the dynamic interplay between building-blocks and their interconnections in a web of explicit, implied, and interpreted information about the world. The authors base their discussion on textual, secondary fantasy worlds but invite applications of critical world-building to other genres and media.

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  • 39. Ericsson, Cristine
    Skräck i gångna tider: En studie av Stagnelius skräckdramer Glädjeflickan i Rom, Riddartornet, Albert och Julia1997Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 40.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Conflicted Interruptions: A Narratological Study of Art Spiegelman’s The Complete Maus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Art Spiegelman’s graphic novel The Complete Maus comments on the heavy legacy imposed by World War II and the Holocaust upon heirs of survivors as it depicts the relationship between father and son, as well as the experiences of the Jewish father. Using narratology as a theoretical lens this essay analyzes the narrative workings in Maus. Specifically the focus is on pointing out and examining different types of narrative breaches that seem to create or enhance a sense of conflict within the narrative; these conflicts in turn affect reader sympathy. The analysis also raises questions about the portrayal of Holocaust survival and identity issues. While Maus clarifies certain aspects of the Holocaust experience, it complicates other aspects. Interaction between the past and the present is a central feature throughout the novel, both visually and textually. The narrative throws the reader back and forth between storylines, events and personal encounters as it elicits a constant interaction between the text and the reader. This interaction helps to build tension as reader sympathy shifts between characters, and possibly contributes to make readers more susceptible to themes and implied messages in Maus. 

  • 41.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Olson, Johanna
    Karlstad University.
    Digitala läromedel i matematik: En undersökning om digitala läromedel för årskurs 3 med fokus på kommunikationsförmågan2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, it has been studied how students in year 3 are given the opportunity to develop their communication skills both verbally and in writing in the digital teaching materials, what cognitive level these communication tasks are at and in what way the digital part of the teaching materials contributes to the learning of communication skills in mathematics. In order to get answers to the research questions, a teaching material analysis has been conducted on three different digital teaching materials in mathematics. These teaching materials were selected because they claimed to be comprehensive and designed according to the syllabus. Still, the result showed that two of the teaching materials were deficient when it came to meeting the requirements for communication as well as the cognitive requirements, when examining what the digital part contributed to, the result was unanimous. The third digital learning material met most of the requirements, both in terms of communication tasks and their cognitive levels. When the survey was completed and the results of the three teaching materials were compiled, most of the communication form F7 was found where the student was given the opportunity to follow and understand mathematical communication. The cognitive levels of the communication tasks were reviewed and it was then discovered that almost two-thirds of the data in two teaching materials were in the lower levels. This was very remarkable because research showed that communication tasks in the higher cognitive levels favored communicative mathematics teaching. 

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  • 42.
    Fahlén, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Racial Issues in Middle-Earth: A Postcolonial Perspective on J.R.R Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on J.R.R Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings, how the different races in the text are portrayed and how they interact with each other. The essay uses postcolonial theories, mainly “Orientalism” and “Otherness”, to prove traces of racism in the text. It focuses on the text and what can be found in the characters opinions of each other. The aim of this essay is to prove that in The Lord of the Rings there is an underlying story of racial issues between the different races of Middle-Earth and that these issues can be described as racism.  The colonial themes of the text can mostly be found in the geographical descriptions, the colour of skin and the stereotypical descriptions of different races within the text. The stereotypical descriptions are probably sprung from the fact that J.R.R Tolkien grew up towards the end of the big Imperialist era of 19th century Europe and the similarities and descriptions of foreign cultures existing in the real world can be traced throughout the text.  The Lord of the Rings contains themes with racial issues and this can be described as racism, even though it is not possible to say that The Lord of the Rings is a racist text as whole.

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  • 43.
    Foreman, Chelsea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Speaking With Our Spirits: A Character Analysis of Eugene Achike in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to conduct a character analysis on Eugene Achike from Chimamana Ngozi Adichie’s novel Purple Hibiscus, to see whether or not the character is used by Adichie as a portrayal of colonial Nigeria and its values. I have done this by looking at the themes of violence and hypocrisy in relation to Eugene’s language usage, religious attitude, and behaviour towards others, and comparing these aspects of his personality with the attitudes shown by colonialists in colonial Nigeria.

    The more important issues that prove Eugene’s character is a portrayal of colonial Nigeria are: his utter disregard for his heritage and background, including the physical disregard of his father; his absolute control over his family members, both physically and mentally, which leads to violent outbursts if he is disobeyed; the fact that he is shown in the novel to be a direct product of the missionaries and colonial structure that was present in Nigeria when he grew up. These things, together with the subtle connections in Adichie’s writing that connect her novel to Things Fall Apart, firmly place Purple Hibiscus in the postcolonial category. Thus, I concluded that Eugene’s character is a portrayal of Colonial Nigeria.

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    Speaking With Our Spirits
  • 44.
    Forssberg, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Mattsson, Per-Olof
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sigfrid Siwertz: en författares uppgång och fall2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sigfrid Siwertz (1882–1970) var en av det svenska nittonhundratalets mest framgångsrika författare. Han publicerade ett sjuttiotal böcker och satt på stol fyra i Svenska Akademien från 1932 till sin död 1970. Boken vill spegla en författares uppgång och inträde i ett litterärt etablissemang som i och med den litterära modernismens framträdande i början av 1930-talet blev alltmer irrelevant. Den vill kasta ljus över ett författarskap och ett författaröde som numera inte uppmärksammas annat än marginellt och som har många motsvarigheter i litteraturhistorien. Siwertz fortsatte att vara mycket framgångsrik och lovordade men tappade kontakten med de nya generationerna av författare.

    Bland de böcker av Siwertz som analyseras finns hans mest kända verk, men också andra aspekter behandlas. Hur står sig hans verk i ett genusperspektiv? Hur förhåller sig Mälarpirater till pojkboken som genre? Vilken roll spelade Siwertz som aktivist i samband med första världskriget? Hur arbetade Siwertz i Selambs i förhållande till den samtida verkligheten? Varför använde Siwertz antisemitiska schabloner? Vad utmärker Siwertz som reseskildrare? Hur behandlas konsumtionssamhällets framväxt i Det stora varuhuset? Hur förhåller sig Jonas och draken till bildningsromanen? Slutligen beskrivs hur Siwertz konfronterades av yngre författare i samband med hans angrepp på modernismen i inträdestalet i Akademien 1932.

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  • 45.
    Fransén, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Förskollärares resonemang vid valet och användandet av böcker och appar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out and compare how preschool-teachers choose literature and appendices to the departments based on their age and orientation. To answer my questions and my purpose, I use interviews in two different preschools. One preschool has a lot of focus on language and literature, from which I interview three preschool teachers from three different departments. The second preschool has more focus on digitization and various digital tools, from which I interview two preschool-teachers from the youngest as well as the oldest department. Choices of books and choices of apps are handled in a similar manner in the same department, but it may differentiate between preschools. It differs in planning and the influence of the children. According to the preschool-teachers, the quantity of books and apps have a big influence on the children’s learning and interaction.

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    Förskollärares resonemang vid valet och användandet av böcker och appar
  • 46.
    Fredriksson, Johanna
    Karlstad University.
    A Matter of Time: Was Red Rising’s Gold Society Ripe for Revolution?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This C-paper looks at Pierce Brown’s book Red Rising. The first book of a two trilogy series set in adystopian future where humankind has terraformed other planets and moons. The paper explains theways in which Red Rising handles class, and classism through a Marxist lens. Through this lens thispaper discusses how the society was due a revolution, and the factors that played a role in it. As Marxbelieves all lower classes will one day realize the oppression they are under and revolt against thebourgeoisie to create a classless system. The paper briefly looks at the societies from Plato’s TheRepublic as well as Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World. 

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    A Matter of Time
  • 47.
    Genberg, Gabriella
    Karlstad University.
    Vägen till god läsutveckling: En studie om sambandet mellan föräldrars litterära engagemang och barns språkutveckling samt deras förståelse för text och bild2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Margaret Ronda, Remainders: American Poetry at Nature's End2019In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 132-135Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Severus Snape: The Complexity and Unconventional Heroism of Severus Snape in the Harry Potter Books2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being an evildoer and being evil is not always the same thing; author J.K Rowling’s character Professor Severus Snape from the Harry Potter series is balancing on that very line. Although being unfair and mean to the protagonist Harry Potter all through the series, Professor Snape is revealed as a hero in the seventh book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007). This essay focuses on some of the complex psychological reasons as to why Snape acts the way he does towards Harry and why many readers consider him to be just as great a hero as the protagonist. It argues that his difficult upbringing is the cause of his complexity and the series of books are analyzed from a structuralist perspective, using A.J Greimas’ actantial model and Frank Kermode’s theories about endings and plot twists. Snape’s hate for Harry’s father, caused by years of bullying, is examined as well as his love for Harry’s mother. This essay also discusses in what ways Snape’s change of allegiance, brought on by his eternal love for Harry’s mother, is a great aid in defeating the Dark Lord.

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    fulltext
  • 50.
    Gustafsson, Ronja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Fotbollsspelande flickor och emotionella pojkar: En läromedelsanalys i svenska ur ett genusperspektiv2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study were to examinate teaching materials designed for the third grade teaching in the Swedish subject from a gender perspective regarding the presentation of boys and girls. The reason for this study is due to lack of compulsory reviews of teaching material in the school system. The method used is a teaching material analysis where both image and text have been analyzed. The analysis is divided in two parts where the first part is a quantitative analysis followed by a longer qualitative analysis. The analyzed teaching material, Nyckeln till skatten 3A, challenged many of the traditional gender patterns that exist in the society, while other gender norms were confirmed. An example of a confirmed gender norm presented in the teaching material was girls portrayed with long hair and pink clothing. The results showed that girls were presented more times than boys in both text and image. Both the categories’ boys/men and girls/women challenged the traditional gender patterns that exist in the literature and society by presenting girls playing soccer and emotional boys.

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    Fotbollsspelande flickor och emotionella pojkar
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