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  • 1.
    Ahlgren, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Cellen är den minsta levande delen hos allt liv": Om hur centrala termer förklaras i tre läromedel i biologi för grundskolans senare del2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Ahlstedt, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Perspektiv på läsning: En högstadielärare och sex av hans elever om skönlitteratur i svenskämnet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about literature instruction in the last three years of Sweden’s compulsory school from one teacher’s and six of his pupils’ perspective. The research is analysed from a socio-cultural perspective on learning and literature reception.

    The empiric material is based on interviews with the teacher and six of his students.

    The research shows that there is a difference between what the pupils read on their spare time and what they read during Swedish instruction. It also shows that the pupils wants literature full of action where descriptions of people and the setting don’t slow down the reading experience.

    The teacher is successful in finding literature the pupils appreciate but sees the value of literature on another level – in the processing of the reading experience. He gives his pupils the task to discuss their views on the text’s meaning based on their specific expe-rience. The instruction is thereby partly in co-ordnance with ideals put forward by literature instruction theorists Louise M. Rosenblatt and Judith A. Langer. The dialogic and socio-cultural perspective on learning which Lev S. Vygotskij proclaims is also an inspiration for the teacher.

  • 3.
    Ahnfelt, Vigdis
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    La construcción del mundo posible en El jinete polaco de Antonio Muñoz Molina2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Se estudia cómo se construyen los mundos posibles en la novela El jinete polaco de Antonio Muñoz Molina. El punto de partida se toma de la semiótica. El propósito es indagar de qué manera se crea la verosimilitud del mundo posible, y qué papel desempeñan los recursos técnicos, psicológicos y textuales de la narración. La hipótesis es que en dicha novela se presentan referencias político-históricas y socio-culturales de la realidad. Mediante la conexión entre dichas referencias y los personajes se indica el tiempo y el espacio de la historia como si se tratara de la vida real, a la vez que la iconografía y las creencias contribuyen a crear la verosimilitud. También se opina que algunos actantes se expresan a través del impacto que producen en los personajes, que la narración se lleva a cabo por varias voces narrativas, y que la imagen del mundo se completa mediante la focalización variada y la memoria colectiva. Se sostiene que existe una relación causal entre el amor, la memoria y la voluntad de narrar. Asimismo se opina que los sentidos de la vista, el oído y el olfato más las comparaciones, las descripciones y las frases largas se utilizan para visualizar el mundo posible de la obra.

  • 4.
    Ahnfelt, Vigdis
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    La recuperación de la identidad en la novela Sefarad de Antonio Muñoz Molina2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to examine the signification of identitary discourses in the novel Sefarad: Una novela de novelas by Antonio Muñoz Molina and determine to what extent these discourses represent and respond to identitary discourses in contemporary Spanish society. The analysis focuses on three principal questions: how is the narrative constructed, what is conveyed as a result, and what is the aim of the narrative.

    Identity is understood as a social construction, an individual and continuous process of assuming, defining, negotiating and maintaining cultural identities, elements of the surrounding world that provide the individual with a sense of meaning (Fromm 1956; Castiñeira 2005; Marsella 2008).

    The novel consists of different stories that manifest the social impact of the totalitarian regimes in Europe during the twentieth century, told by a diversity of voices. First, the analysis deals with the structure of the text, examined through the model of mise en abyme (Dällenbach 1989). Secondly, the significations of transition, transgression (Lotman 1978) and, analogically, stigmatization are deduced (Goffman 1972), processes that are related to the effects of the frontier as a metaphor (Pratt Ewing 1998) and to limit situations (Jaspers 1974). Thirdly, the study stresses the representation of the past, in which trauma, melancholy and mourning are significant (Benjamin 1992; Freud 1986).

    The conclusions confirm the claim that the novel corresponds to humanity’s treasure of suffering (Leidschatz), a cultural possession that thematizes the processes of memory and oblivion (Assmann 1999), represented through stories told by the victims of intolerance at different levels. The text is accordingly conceived as a mirror through which the narrator constructs his identity as a writer and transmits meaning to the reader by providing the opportunity to reflect upon identity issues today.

  • 5.
    Alastair, Henry
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Korp, Helena
    Högskolan Väst.
    Elevers möten med engelska i och utanför skolan : Upprop till deltagande i forskningsprojektet Bridging the Gap2014In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 4, 22-26 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Aldén-Eriksson, Marie-Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Andraspråksundervisning för döva: En attitydundersökning2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Aldén-Eriksson, Marie-Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Samtalets betydelse i undervisningen: en litteraturöversikt2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Aman, Robert
    Karlstad University.
    Indígenas, conquista y esclavitud en América Latina: Visión histórica representada en libros escolares suecos y colombianos2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the indigenous people and the culture, the conquest and slavery in Latin America are represented in Swedish high school schoolbooks in comparison with their equals in Colombia. The aim is to discover whether there are any differences or similarities between the reproductions in both countries. The theoretical part discusses the difficulties involved to determine both a Latin-American identity as well as a Colombian one. This is due to the fact that identity in Latin America is a product of colonization, which is to say that it came into being through the people who conquered the region because, prior to their arrival, Latin America didn’t exist as we know it. Multiculturalism within the region complicates this construction since different ethnical groups and nations construct their memory and ‘wear’ these concepts from which they get their proper sense of the past in function with the present and how it aspires to identify itself with the future. This means that not just one Latin America exists, but many. Part of the problem is that Latin Americans want to be the ‘other’, meaning the white, the occidental, the European or the North American. The study concludes that there exists a European point of view in the books of both countries in their way of representing the history of the region.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Lärare som ledare: Teachers as Leaders2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Språkstimulerande arbete i förskolan2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    My purpose with this essey is to study how they work in preschool whir language- stimulation. I will try a way to work with this trough intervjus whit teacher at preschool. My main questions are: Way dose teachers use language- stimulation? How dose teachers use language- stimulation when it comes to there way of working and methods? Do the teachers think that language- stimulation help the childrens development?

    To answer these questions I interviewed 6 teachers I central Sweden and used this as data. I have written about language, language- development in a biologik and theoretical aspect, teachers plan, language- stimulation, playing by language sounds and TRAS (early registration of language development) in my literary review.

    My result shows that working whit language- stimulation helps children in there language- development, it also develops there self-image and identity. Children that have had language- stimulation in preschool are aware of the use of the language. Whit language- stimulation the childs self- knowledge and social competens are strengthening.

    Keywords: language- stimualtion, language- development, language- games, teachers plan

  • 11.
    Andersson, Madelene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Elever med läs- och skrivproblematik: Pedagogiska åtgärdsmetoder för elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien i mitt examensarbete är att ta reda på om det finns några pedagogiska åtgärdsmetoder för elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Litteraturstudierna visar att det finns ett antal sådana, men frågan blev då om de används i praktiken av speciallärarna i våra skolor. För att ta reda på den saken, intervjuades tre personer som på olika sätt kommer i kontakt med elever som har läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Två av intervjuerna utfördes på respektive arbetsplats och bandades, medan den tredje var en mailintervju. Resultatet av både mina litteraturstudier och intervjuer visar att det finns ett antal olika pedagogiska åtgärdsmetoder. Det är sällan som man jobbar helt och hållet enbart efter en av metoderna. Det vanligaste är att man istället blandar material från flera olika metoder, för att på så vis kunna skräddarsy ett material som på bästa sätt hjälper elevens unika problematik inom läs- och skrivsvårighetens område.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Sms-och chattspråkets inverkan på svenskan i klassrummet: - en undersökning av högstadieelevers skrivande2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My paper deals with SMS and IM language's impact on students' language in school. Text messaging and instant messaging involves several simplifications and abbreviations for the user to be able to write quickly and short but in the same time have made them understood by the recipient. The spelling, punctuation and use of capital letters are also of a secondary importance when writing via the text chat. My purpose with this paper is to investigate the prevalence of SMS and chat language in student texts, using students in the senior level. My respondents were asked to answer a questionnaire and write a text to a picture. Five representative texts were picked out and recorded in the survey along with all the answers from the questionnaire. The results of the survey show that there are a few traces of SMS and chat language such as lack of punctuation, a few abbreviations and a few English words

    , but also that the students do well with code switching.

  • 13.
    Andreasson, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Att bevara eller inte bevara: lärares syn på dialektanvändande i skolan2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14. Apelgren, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Miliander, June
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Från utvärdering till ämnesdidaktisk forskning: Exemplet Engelska - en jämförelse av resultaten i år 5 och år 9 i den nationella utvärderingen av engelska år 20032009In: Ämnesdidaktiska brobyggen: didaktiska perspektiv inom lärande och forskning, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2009, 78-89 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Aronson, Olov
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Should I use I?: A corpus-based study of first-person pronouns in scientific journals of different rankings2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to earlier research, first-person pronouns are used in academic writing for a multitude of reasons. In this paper, the aim is to investigate if first-person pronouns are used to different extents or with different functions in articles from highly ranked scientific journals and articles from less highly ranked scientific journals. The investigation is based on a corpus study of 20 highly ranked sociological articles and 20 less highly ranked sociological articles. The corpus data provide statistics for frequencies of first-person pronouns and frequencies of so-called genre roles, in accordance with Tang and John’s (1999) model. The results reveal that the recounter genre role and first-person pronouns of all types combined are significantly more frequent in highly ranked articles in comparison to less highly ranked articles.

  • 16.
    Arslan, Songul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Svenska som nytt språk: En studie om hur personer med utländsk bakgrund tar till sig det svenska språket2007Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Språk är, för alla människor, ett verktyg som ger oss identitet och en känsla av grupptillhörighet. Att flytta till ett nytt land med ett främmande språk innebär stora förändringar men även möjligheter. Barn och ungdomar integreras snabbt i den svenska skolan och lär sig språket fort. Däremot de äldre människorna som har ett annat modersmål än svenska har oftast svårare att lära sig svenska språket jämfört med unga.

    Språk, känslor och identitet hör ihop. Med språkets hjälp kommunicerar man och ger tidigt uttryck för vår identitet. När man t ex talar om något så visar man alltid, genom sitt sätt att tala, vem man är.

    Jag har undersökt hur första mötet med svenska är som nytt språk.

    För att ta reda på det gjorde jag nio längre intervjuer med både äldre och yngre elever.

    Min slutsats är att man lär sig olika i olika åldrar, och att identiteten påverkas mer ju äldre man är när man lär sig ett nytt språk. Mina slutsatser kan också specificeras i hur man lär sig i olika åldrar och hur språket hänger ihop med identitet. Jag kan dra andra slutsatser också t ex. som jag konstaterat i min text att, svenska låter behagligt och vackert när man möter det för första gången, men att det låter mycket olika beroende på vilket eget språk man har. Vidare upptäckte jag att det bland mina intervjupersoner finns en stor variation i sätten att lära sig språket, men också en stor medvetenhet. Mina sista upptäckter handlar om intervjupersonerna att verkar koppla den egna språkförmågan till känsla av värde och tillhörighet.

  • 17.
    Arvidsson, Marika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    A quantitative study of Swedish students' opinions on speaking English in the classroom2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate students' attitudes towards speaking English in the classroom, and their self-reported experiences of what affects their use of English during lessons. Questions inquired into are students' choice to speak English or not, and the relation between the students' level of oral proficiency and their gender, age and year. 127 students at an upper secondary school attending a vocational programme participated in the study where questionnaires were handed out. Results showed that the students are well aware of the opportunities that being a good speaker in English can bring as English is a lingua franca. Students also pointed out that a friendly and informal classroom is important in order to develop the skill of speaking. The amount of spoken English during lessons reported from the students proved not to be particularly high as 42% of the students claimed that they did not speak English during their lessons. 39% of the students claimed that they spoke English "more often than not". Only 18% of the students claimed that they spoke English during every English lesson. As reported in the students' responses, reasons for this are related to insecurity and fear of failure among the students. No major differences were found related to age or year. Significant differences related to gender were found in the students' answers where girls felt less comfortable to a higher extent than boys, depending on the group size in the classroom, although both boys and girls felt less comfortable the larger the group was in the classroom.

  • 18.
    Augustsson, Jenny
    Karlstad University.
    A father figure´s impact on the male characters in Arthur Miller´s Death of a salesman2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Axaeus, Jennie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Uppgiftstyper och elevers tänkande om text2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Does the construction of images depend on the type of the assignments given? By an investigation in an upper secondary school in the middle of Sweden, I have tried to find out if different types of assignments (individual writing assignment based on textbook questions, no assignment, and oral assignment by taking part in a discussion of the text) have any influence on how students understand literary texts. I have also looked at whether the students themselves thought the assignments given have been a help or not when creating images of the text, and what kind of assignment the students thought to be the best for their own understanding of texts.

    The results from this investigation showed that the most efficient way for students to create images and learn from the text they have read was through a discussion of the text. To not have any assignment after the reading showed to bring some clearer overall picture of the text than what the textbook based questions did. The exception was the one question which required that the students were active when answering, which also showed to have a positive influence on the students’ way of creating images. All students said that the best way to work with texts was to have a discussion about the text in question.

    Keywords: Assignment, Construction, Create, Images, Understanding.

  • 20. Axaeus, Jennie
    et al.
    Fredholm, Kent
    Olsson, AnnKristin
    Ryen, Maria
    Söderström, Anna
    Thoursie, Stig
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Tordebring, Suzzi
    Granath, Solveig
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Granström, Malin
    Gulliksson, Anna
    Gustafsson, Frida
    Kilman, Joakim
    Miliander, June
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Myerscough, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Nilsson, Therese
    Portar till språk och litteratur: CSL 20072007Book (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    Språk och litteratur öppnar portar till nya världar. Detta var temat för 2007 års CSL-dag. I denna bok har vi samlat fjorton av bidragen som presenterades på konferensen, skrivna av forskare och studenter vid Karlstads universitet.

    Håller engelskan på att förstöra svenskan? Är dagens elever sämre på att skriva än ungdomarna var för tjugo år sedan? Skall vi ha en litteraturkanon i skolan - och läser eleverna över huvud taget böcker nu för tiden? Detta är några av de frågor som ställs i artiklarna där svaren kanske kan överraska.

    Andra artiklar handlar om hur man stimulerar elever till att läsa och skriva, problematiken när det gäller att undervisa i svenska som andraspråk och varför elever väljer - eller inte väljer - att studera något annat främmande språk än engelska. Porten kanske finns där - men den är inte alltid helt lätt att öppna!

  • 21.
    Axén, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Projektarbeten på gymnasieskolans yrkesförberedande program: Elevers färdigheter inom formellt skriftspråk och lärares undervisning om formellt skrivande2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Formal writing is an essential part of teaching Swedish and is fundamental for higher education and professional career. The aim of my essay is to research what didactic methods Swedish teachers utilizes in upper secondary school to improve students' abilities to write formal texts. I will also examine students’ project papers in an attempt to measure the extent of formal word choice.  In the presentation of the literature I decided to use, for example, Per Olov Svedner’s perspective on writing as a process, Siv Strömquist’s manuals for essay writing and various literature regarding linguistic correctness and essay layout. Interviews with three upper secondary school teachers reveals that active feedback is a basis for students development regarding formal writing in both school and professional career. An analysis of the project papers points to insecurities regarding subjectivity, objectivity and punctuation as common issues within academic writing.

  • 22.
    Baltzersen, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Undervisa engelska på engelska: Ett sätt att göra målspråket till arbetsspråk2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High school students of today frequently come into contact with the English language through

    radio and television. Many students even manage to read instruction manuals and understand

    how technical devices work, such as, for example, computer games. However, most teachers

    underestimate their students’ ability and persist in using Swedish to explain how the English

    language works. I have analysed how high school students manage when they take an English

    grammar test in English. My results show that the students manage very well. Learning is

    rather about the meta cognitive ability of the students which, is what both teachers and

    students should spend more time on in order to achieve successful learning.

  • 23.
    Basile, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Democratic and Totalitarian Power Systems in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    One important theme in William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies is power. The boys in Lord of the Flies copy the behavior of their parents: competing, fighting and even killing each other for power. They form two groups, each following a different power system, the democratic system on the one side and the totalitarian system on the other.

    My aim in this essay is to examine the complexity of these power systems in Lord of the Flies, revealed in the two layers in which they appear in the story, the boys on the island and the adults in their world. Moreover I want to show how Golding contributes both positive and negative traits to both systems, never falling into the habit of giving a black and white picture of either of the power systems. Overall I will focus on two boys, Jack and Ralph, exemplifying through them how the two systems gain their power, develop their structures, which methods they use to keep power, and how the systems handle crisis. At the end of my essay I then will shortly illustrate how Golding connects the adult world and their behavior to the boys’ story.

    My conclusion is that Golding shows very clearly that the desire for power and the will to fight and kill for it exists in both adults and children. Overall his attempt is to illustrate that it is difficult to have an absolute, perfect and ideal power system. There are always things that can be criticized and improved. However, he does indicate that certain systems are more dangerous than others. The totalitarian power system can escalate much easier into savagery than the democratic system. So, Golding prefers power systems that benefit the community rather than only the leader himself.

  • 24.
    Basile, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Prototypes in Europe and North America: How they reflect gender and cultural differences2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to find out whether Europeans and North Americans differ as to what they consider to be best examples of four categories; namely vehicles, clothes, vegetables, and furniture. I compared the two continents with each other and tried to find out to what extent the cultural differences really influence the best examples chosen by the research participants. Further, I briefly

    compared the prototypes with European females and males and North American females and males and tried to point out some differences between the two genders. Moreover I tried to connect the differences to cultural and gender related factors. The results show the existence of some good and some bad examples that were the same no matter if we looked at the European list or the North American one. However, as we have found out through our research there seem to be strong cultural reasons for the best examples the participants chose. It is a natural behavior to choose prototypes of categories that are well known by the research participants. The best known items are those which are present in the lives of the participants. So, for example riding a bicycle does not seem to be very common among people in North America. They consider bicycle only a lower average example for the category vehicles, whereas Europeans for example seem to use bicycles much more often. They place it on rank four out of 17. People seem to choose things they know or are interested in.

  • 25.
    Berg Mattsson, Alexander
    Karlstad University.
    The unraveling of Orwell´s puzzle: A literary analysis of the characters in George Orwell´s Animal farm2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Bergfelt, Andrea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Las actitudes en el aprendizaje de una segunda lengua: Una comparación entre las actitudes de estudiantes españoles hacia el inglés y estudiantes suecos hacia el español2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    Resumen

    Los factores que influyen en el aprendizaje son muchas. Los profesores que enseñan una segunda lengua tienen que tener conciencia de cómo los alumnos aprenden y lo que afecta el aprendizaje de cada uno de ellos. En este estudio hemos llevado a cabo una investigación sobre las actitudes de los estudiantes. Hemos relizado encuestas en un colegio español sobre las actitudes hacia el aprendizaje del inglés y en un colegio suecos hacia el aprendizaje del español. El propósito es comparar los dos grupos e investigar la importancia de las actitudes en la enseñaza y mostrar el papel del entorno acerca de las actitudes. Las respuestas de las encuestas han mostrado que los alumnos españoles son más positivos que los suecos. Además vemos que las actitudes de los alumnos son parecidas a las que creen que hay en su entorno. Sacamos la conclusión que el entorno influye en las actitudes y ellas afectan al aprendizaje. Esto nos hace entender la importancia de ser conciente de las actitudes de los alumnos y su entorno como profesor de segundas lenguas.

  • 27.
    Berglund, Susanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Om användningen av skriftspråket i sms och chatt2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Bergström, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Tre teorier om läsförståelse och skönlitteratur2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay describes some different writers´, researchers´, and pedagogues´ views of the complex subject that good reading comprehension is. The essay describes how the pupils develop to literary thinkers with good reading comprehension, through the method of building a world of envisions. Another method which the essay analyses is the so called book-talking method. The importance of the fact, that the pedagogue together with the pupils, develop strategies to obtain good reading comprehension is also discussed. Practical advice about how the pedagogue can work with reading comprehension are also given examples of. The essay pays great attention to analyse the benefit of fiction in developing good reading comprehension. A good reading comprehension, that is not only a resource when reading fiction, but also a resource in daily schoolwork is given emphasis to in the essay. In the analyse about the benefits of good reading comprehension establishes the fact that this, in combination with the pedagogues respect for the pupils, developes an increasing social competence among the pupils. This essay ascertains that the knowledge about what benefits good reading comprehension is, has to be spread and supported among teachers and pedagouges.

  • 29.
    Bergvall, Victoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Young Swedish students' knowledge of English grammatical morphemes2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that children who have English as a first language acquire grammatical morphemes in a predictable order. Many researchers claim that second language learners also follow a predictable pattern when learning English grammatical morphemes regardless of their linguistic background, and that the same mechanisms are responsible for both first and second language acquisition.

    The aim of this paper was to study Swedish students’ knowledge of English grammatical morphemes, and to compare their knowledge with that of second language learners from other countries as well as with that of first language learners.

    The results show that Swedish students seem to acquire morphemes in a similar way to that of second language learners in general and that they make errors similar to those made by first language learners. For example, the copula was almost fully acquired, while the third person regular and irregular constituted a problem for the students. The most notable exception was the possessive ´s, which Swedish students seem to acquire at an early stage compared to other second language learners.

  • 30. Bertilsson, Britt
    et al.
    Levenius Frost, Erica
    "Min dialekt är så yeee yeee wow": En undersökning av gymnasieungdomars attityd till dialekter2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Björkman, Angelica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Uttalssvårigheter i svenska som andraspråk hos personer med thailändsks som primärspråk2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study is to compare difficulties of Swedish pronunciation of five  second-language learners with Thai as mother tongue. Thereafter make a comparison with previous research in pronunciation difficulties in people with the same primary language to see if the deviations are similar. I used both recorded material/recordings which I analyzed as well as experiences from pronunciation training that I observed at SFI. The pronunciation difficulties were documented and entered in tables. The recordings consist of 25 Swedish words and a text performed by five informants.

     

    In my study, you can distinguish a pattern in my five informants pronunciation difficulties complying with Bannert informants who also have Thai as primary language. The irregularities as they had in common is difficulties with lip rounding, liquid consonants, pronunciation of /u/, loss of consonant, word stress, word accent, clause accent and assimilation. I found that the mother tongue in all likelihood have some influence of the pronunciation of a second language

  • 32.
    Blakkisrud, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Läs-och skrivsvårigheter/dyslexi: -nu och förr2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose with this essay is to get an insight on how the school has changed over the past years in terms of reading- and writing difficulties/dyslexia. In the literature studies I mention reading- and writing difficulties and the reasons why some people get these problems. Further on in the literature study it is written about what the education act and the curriculum say about the school’s duties towards pupils in need of special support.

    The result contains interviews with one language pedagogue and one special pedagogue who work in two different municipalities. In addition I interviewed two former pupils who went to school 15-20 years ago.

    I came to the conclusion that today’s schools have changed to the better for the pupils with difficulties. During the 1990’s the problems around dyslexia was getting attention in the society. This made the school more aware about reading- and writing difficulties/dyslexia and gave them more knowledge about the difficulties.

  • 33.
    Blidstam, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Folk säger köngen. Vi säger kungen: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ innehållsanalys av dialektmomentet i läromedel2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay to analyze the dialect section in textbooks using content analysis. What is studied is the selection that the text book authors have made and if one can detect a sociolinguistic or language historical perspective and how much the dialect section make up of the total matter of the textbook. The selection that the authors have made is also compared to what scientific manuals say. Moreover, the work exercises in the textbooks have also been examined. The focus when studying the exercises have been on how they are composed and why. Four textbooks and four scientific manuals have been selected inorder to answer the research questions. Then a quantitative and qualitative content analysis of the textbooks has been carried out. A coding scheme conducted by Niklas Ammert has been used as a guide for the qualitative study and a model by Stefan Selander has been used for the quantitative section.

    The result showed that the most common type of presentation in the textbook in the sections that include dialects is the confirming and explanatory type. Although, in the exercises it is the reflective and the analyzing type that is the most distinguished one. In the exercises the students are often asked to reflect and analyze dialects based on their dialect. The result showed that the dialect section seems to get an expanding range in the textbooks. The result also showed that there are language historical perspectives in the textbooks. However the result regarding the sociolinguistic perspective is not the same; it only occurs in one of the textbooks. 

  • 34.
    Blidstam, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Vi har ingen direkt dialekt: En kvantitativ undersökning av attityd till den egna dialekten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökningen är att jämföra attityd till den egna dialekten beroende på var man kommer ifrån och vilken dialekt som talas på orten man växte upp. För att undersöka har följande frågeställningar använts: Hur skiljer sig attityden till den egna dialekten mellan olika områden och spelar faktorer som om informanten bor kvar på orten eller ej och om föräldrarna har samma uppväxtort någon roll? Även frågan om vilken skillnad i attityd till den egna dialekten i jämförelse med tidigare forskning kring attityder till olika dialekter kommer besvaras.

    För att svara på syftet och frågeställningarna genomfördes en enkätundersökningen som delades på Facebook. Sammanlagt kunde det sammanställas resultat från tolv landskap och två större städer. Utifrån tidigare forskning var tanken att om många som flyttat från uppväxtorten vill flytta tillbaka till orten och om en eller båda föräldrarna kommer från samma uppväxtort som informanten har man antagligen en positiv attityd till den egna dialekten. Detta visade sig att det i vissa fall stämde, men dock inte i alla.

    En av de mest intressanta delarna var att undersöka om tidigare forskning kring attityder till andras dialekter stämde överens med attityden till den egna dialekten. Detta visade sig att det inte stämde. Många av de dialekter som klassas som dialekter som andra inte har en positiv attityd till hamnade i stället högt upp i denna undersökning. 

  • 35.
    Bolin, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Alla mysiga var de bumbibjörnarna": Some Early Swedish Learners' Reading Strategies in English2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a skilled reader makes it easier to learn a new language. It is important to teach students how the knowledge and use of reading strategies can facilitate learning. This study was made in a Swedish fourth grade class with eighteen participant pupils. They were asked to translate two texts from English into Swedish: one was a poem with nonsense words, and the other a prose text. The texts were taken from Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll and The Garbage King by Elizabeth Laird. After this an interview was made with all of the pupils in pairs, where they were asked about their reading strategies normally and in this situation. The results found were that the reading strategies used were: likeness with their native language, previous vocabulary knowledge of the L2, syntactic knowledge, and guessing the meaning through the context. The result confirms previous research in that the pupils who liked reading and did so in their spare time, did better when it came to making syntactically correct translations.

  • 36.
    Brandt, Lindamarie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Tebjudningar och spetsgarnityr: Hur kvinnliga författare skildras i läromedel för gymnasiets svenska B2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tests the hypothesis raised by Yvonne Hirdman concerning the gender system, claiming that, in society, women and the female are being marginalized. The study deals with literary handbooks used in the high school course “Swedish B”. The purpose is to see whether or not these fulfil the intentions of gender equality in school set by the Swedish government.

    In the paper, four literary handbooks from the major Swedish publishing houses are analyzed. Based upon a gender perspective by Yvonne Hirdman the methodological approach is dual: the presentations and valuations of the female authors are scrutinized, as well as the number of presented female authors is compared to the number of male counterparts.

    It is found that there is a significant difference in numbers of female authors compared to male: far fewer women are presented. It should be noted, however, that , throughout history, fewer female than male authors have been published. It was also found that, when presented, female authors were often discussed in terms of home and family-related issues, whilst male authors are described as concerned with “heavier” issues. Furthermore, it became obvious that the idea of men being the norm is predominant, and that female and male authors are generally kept separated in the handbooks.

    The results show that the handbooks do not comply with the goals of the schools for gender equality. The images of female authors presented by the handbooks are merely stereotypical. I also found that male authors were represented in a much higher degree then females in all of the analyzed handbooks.

  • 37.
    Brax, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Pappa ICA har något att berätta för sin ICA-familj: En språkvetenskaplig undersökning om hur ICA-Stig genom intimisering, intertextualitet och retoriska övertalningsmedel övertygar oss att handla på ICA2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to map down how the language plays a part in the persuasion carried out by ICA-Stig – one of the most beloved characters from ICA’s commercial soap opera. Through a discourse analysis with a linguistic focus this study can provide one explanation to why the audience trust ICA-Stig and how he persuades them to do their grocery shopping at ICA. The study takes off from the rhetorical means of persuasion, ethos, logos and pathos, along with how ICA-Stig commits a linguistic intimisation and exploits intertextual strategies in order to approach the audience and their reality. The result shows that Stig uses personal pronouns in a way that enables him to commence intimisation in the sense of addressing his co-workers and the audience in a family-like manner. Regarding intertextuality, Stig uses a composition of different discourses in favour of his character since he is able to reach a large audience whilst nourishing the personal touch, combined with proving himself credible. Through his language, ICA-Stig reduces the gap between non-fiction and fiction, and in his transcendent role he becomes a factive character – neither real nor fictive.  This role allows him to become self-aware, which gives him an outside perspective on commercials in general. From a rhetorical perspective, the intimisation and intertextuality function as to have ICA-Stig relate to the reality, habits, and experiences of the audience. This creates the situation that Daddy-ICA has something to say to his ICA-family, which becomes the premise on which the commercial is founded. The intimisation enhances ICA-Stig’s ethos since he can prove to be a caring father and a knowledgeable shop manager. The appeals to pathos lie within his caring language. Appeals to logos can be found in the product placement of the groceries in an environment very much reminiscent of reality and everyday-life. Finally, the essay problematises the role commercial has and plays in today’s society due to the fact that this discourse is approaching the discourse of private life and communication, which, in turn,  paves the way for new ways of persuading the costumers.

  • 38.
    Bruns, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    schwimmen = svimma?: Die Vor- und Nachteile des Erlernens der schwedischen Sprache für deutsche Austauschstudenten2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Bäcker, Bjarne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    En skola för alla: Är denna skola integrerande eller segregerande för barn i behov av särskilt stöd2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper integration and inclusion were analysed in both theory and practice to see what they mean for pupils who reqire special support or pupils who have Swedish as a second language in compulsory school. The purpose of this work was to investigate whether inclusion is the best way of reaching the goal of a school for all children. A literary study, was conducted to test this hypothesis. The literature used for this purpose includes non-fiction books, handbooks, newspaper articles, declarations, conventions, and learning and course plans. Qualitative interwiews were held whit a remedial teacher, a Swedish-as-a-second-language teacher, and a class teacher who contributed greatly to this work thoough their experiences and vast knowledge. The result showed that there is not only one solution to the problem; sevral ways of going about reaching the goal of a school for all children exist. To get even closer to presupposed goal, a school for alla children, teachers must remove obstacles in their approach so that all children feel that they are in meaningsful situations.

  • 40.
    Carina, Olsson Fahlén
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Vi såg orangutangs: Interference in the Speech of two Bilingual Children2009Student paper other, 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of children grow up learning more than one language from infancy. Since there are several bilingual children in each class in most Swedish schools today, knowledge of how they manage to operate two languages at the same time can be useful for teachers. In my study, I have observed two bilingual children who live in the United States with Swedish-speaking parents. The study is based on 45 minutes of recordings of the children when they speak Swedish. I transcribed their speech and focused on code- switching and interference from English. In order to compare their proficiency of Swedish to their English skills, I also calculated their Mean Length Utterance (MLU) using the model developed by Roger Brown (1973). The results show that the children are fairly comfortable using both languages, but their Swedish contains a large number of interference mistakes. The interference observed was mostly on the structural and lexical level, where directly translated word order and prepositions were the most common mistakes.

     

  • 41.
    Carlswärd, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    La Quête de l'identité: dans L'Enfant de sable de Tahar Ben Jelloun2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Clenow, Mathias
    University of Karlstad.
    Något om svenskt idrottsspråk1996Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Colin, Nathalie
    Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    English and Swedish Animal Idioms: A Study of Correspondence and Variation in Content and Expression2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Idioms are found in every language and learning them is an important aspect of the mastery of a language. The English language is no exception as it contains a large number of idioms, which are extensively used. However, because of their rather rigid structure and quite unpredictable meaning, idioms are often considered difficult to learn. Although little research has been done to date on the nature of idioms as well as how they are used, a better understanding of variations in idioms can nevertheless be acquired by looking at some theories and thoughts about their use and their structure.

    The aim of this paper is to examine a number of animal idioms, focusing primarily on English idioms and the similarities and differences found in equivalent Swedish idioms, even when the Swedish idioms do not contain an animal. Two types of studies are presented. In the first one, the English and Swedish animal idioms collected are grouped into four categories. The results of such a categorization show that half of the English animal idioms found have an equivalent in Swedish containing an animal. In the second study, the content, structure, wording, semantics and metaphorical meaning of the animal idioms are analysed and compared. The results indicate that the Swedish animal idioms that correspond to the English animal idioms have, for the most part, the same structures and similar variations in degree of literalness, fixity, manipulation and transformation. Furthermore, the use of metaphor, personification and simile appears to be common both in English and Swedish animal idioms. The role of context and literal and figurative translation are also addressed in this study.

  • 44.
    Cronesberry, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Läs- & skrivsvårigheter: Några effektiva sätt att hjälpa elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har i min undersökning tittat närmare på hur pedagoger i dagens skolor arbetar för att hjälpa elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Pedagogerna i de lägre stadierna har ett stort ansvar att lära sina elever läsa och skriva, men hur hjälper pedagogen de elever som inte knäcker läskoden innan de slutat årskurs två. Jag har valt att intervjua två pedagoger för att se hur de arbetar med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Jag har också valt att diskutera med några elever och höra deras åsikter om att lära sig läsa och skriva.

    Jag har kommit fram till att pedagogerna arbetar på liknande sätt med alla elever, oavsett svårigheter eller inte. Undervisningen är anpassad till varje individ, pedagogerna använder olika inlärningsmetoder för att hjälpa sina elever. Resultatet av min undersökning visar att eleverna får den hjälp de behöver. Eleverna tycker själva att de inte har några svårigheter trots att pedagogerna anser att det finns i klasserna.

  • 45.
    Dahlén, Nova
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Severus Snape and the Concept of the Outsider: Aspects of Good and Evil in the Harry Potter Series2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    The concept of outsiders has been argued to be one of the main themes in childhood fairy tales in general and in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels in particular. Severus Snape is one of the most evident outsider characters in the novels, described as an unpleasant, ugly man presented as a double agent with uncertain allegiances. When the truth is revealed, in the very last pages of the series, he is discovered to have been an undercover spy for the good side all along. This essay examines Snape as an outsider, and analyzes his effect on the novel, especially his relation to the three characters with whom he interacts most: Dumbledore, Voldemort and Harry. All three of these characters are main characters and are also outsiders themselves in different ways. Examining the relations between good and evil and showing that these concepts are closely tied to choices and reactions towards being an outsider, the essay argues that the analysis of Snape as an outsider helps distinguish between aspects of good and evil in the novel. By focusing on Snape and the concept of the outsider, different dimensions of the novels become visible. Snape is here an instrumental character on his own, and may well be seen as the main character. Although the series in some aspects has been described as a fairy tale, the complex character of Severus Snape gives the novels a further depth appealing not only to children, but to adults as well.

  • 46.
    Davidsson, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kille och tjej, du och jag, lika eller olika?: En granskning av läromedels sociolektavsnitt och hur dessa kan användas för jämlikhetsarbete2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan har ett stort inflytande på dagens ungdomar och enligt läroplanen har skolan ett tydligt jämlikhetsuppdrag att förmedla. Att hjälpa eleven att problematisera människors lika värde oavsett kön och etnicitet samt bemöta fördomar med kunskap ingår i de mål lärarna bör ha sett till läroplanens formuleringar. Dock besitter kanske inte alla lärare de kunskaper som behövs om bland annat jämlikhet, jämställdhet, genus och etnicitet, om ett genuint intresse inte finns hos den enskilda personen. Kan läroböcker då ge läraren stöd? I svenskämnet ska eleverna i svenska 1 bland annat arbeta med området sociolekter, ett avsnitt som i stor utsträckning ger utrymme till både diskussion och reflektion i nämnda frågor. Syftet med uppsatsen är att se hur ser det ut i 5 av de läromedlen som finns i skolan. Är de jämlika och uppfyller de ett jämlikhetssyfte?

     

    Undersökningen bygger på sociolektavsnittet i fem olika läromedel som är framtagna för gymnasiets kurs i svenska 1 respektive A. Till hjälp har två analysmodeller använts, genustrappan och etnicitettrappan. Resultatet visar att inget av de granskade läromedlen kan användas som hjälp i arbetet med jämlikhetsfrågor men att texterna kan nå ett jämlikhetssyfte om den enskilda läraren själv problematiserar och diskuterar exemplen. Samtidigt är de inte diskriminerande utan snarare könsneutrala, ett omdöme som dock inte är att sträva efter utifrån den forskning som gjorts inom jämställdhet. 

  • 47.
    Dornerus, Emma
    Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    Breaking maxims in conversation: A comparative study of how scriptwriters break maxims in Desperate Housewives and That 70’s Show2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When we converse we constantly fail to observe the rules of conversation in order to simplify and make dialogues more effective. The scriptwriters who work with TV shows use non-observances of maxims in order to evoke different feelings from their viewers. The aim of this paper was to investigate how frequently non-observances of maxims occurred in the TV shows Desperate Housewives and That 70’s Show. I examined where and why they were used as well as how often flouting was used compared to violations. The base of the study was a drama and a comedy show.

    Research has shown that the maxim of relevance is most frequently used to create different comical or dramatic situations. The scriptwriters have their characters ignore what is relevant to the situations in order to make them come off as flustered, odd and stupid in humorous situations and as mysterious, cowardly, respectful or bold in dramatic situations. Also research shows that flouting occurs more frequently than violations when it comes to breaking maxims. Violations occur most often with the maxim of quality when the characters lie to mislead in order to direct blame away from him/herself. In Conclusion, this investigation has shown that non-observances of maxims are important for scriptwriters in order to create humorous and dramatic situations in verbal interaction.

  • 48.
    Edberg, Ylwa
    Karlstad University.
    Tecken som stöd för läs- och skrivinlärning för hörande barn.: Intervjustudie med 8 pedagoger.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to highlight the importance of sign language as a support for reading and writing of hearing students from preschool to the second year in school. An open aimed interview highlights individual experiences of the phenomena qualities. In the study there is eight teachers who work with sign language as support for reading and writing were interviewed. The study reveals that teachers agree that the evidence support literacy learning. They work with reading and writing in different ways through different activities. This study has used the literature and research available in this area. Comparisons have been made with the results of the interviews.

  • 49.
    Edvardsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Topic shift and initiation from a gender perspective: A study of conversational topic shifts among second language learners of English2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies carried out by different scholars have shown that the social roles society assigns to women and men create differences in how the genders use language. However, there is little previous research in the domain of gender and topic shift or initiation. This essay aims to investigate possible gender differences in topic shift and initiation in multiparty conversation among second language learners of English in upper secondary school. The three group discussions were recorded in a classroom setting and the data collected was transcribed. The topical shifts in the transcripts were coded using the Topical Episode Analysis (TEA) and the episode shifts in each conversation were analyzed on the basis of gender distribution and type of shift. In addition, the findings of the three groups were compared and discussed. The main result of this study was that the boys initiated 100 percent more shifts than the girls. The boys took up more linguistic space and dominated the topical shifts in the conversation which indicates that gender differences in topic shift and initiation exists, a finding that is consistent with previous research within the field of gender and language. In conclusion, gender differences were found between how the girls and the boys participating in this study shifted and initiated topics. The boys initiated more shifts than the girls in the multiparty conversations.

  • 50.
    Eggert, Björn
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Global English and Listening Materials: A Textbook Analysis2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on listening materials used in English language teaching in Sweden, especially in respect to the concept of global English. Global English could briefly be described as the linguistic, cultural, politic, and economic influence of English in the world. This influence concerns two aspects of English, namely the usage of English as a lingua franca in international communications, as well as the great range of English varieties that are used today. The purpose of this research is to study how varied listening materials are and how, when and why they are used in the classrooms. I conducted a two-part investigation to study these matters. The first part of the investigation focuses on teachers’ usage of listening materials and is based on a questionnaire handed out to five teachers. I found that the teachers varied much in their usage of listening materials. In the second part of the investigation I compare the listening materials provided by two Swedish textbooks on English, one from 1994 and one from 2003. Here I focus on the speakers’ varieties, rate of delivery, and instructions given for listening exercises. I found that both books featured a majority of speakers from the British Isles and America, and very few non-native speakers. The more recent book featured a larger degree of varieties outside the areas of Britain and the USA, as well as a larger degree of American English when dividing the varieties by the time these were spoken. RP (Received Pronunciation) and GA (General American) were also less dominating in the textbook from 2003. The rate of delivery was generally slower in the older textbook. The results from this investigation suggest that some changes seem to have occurred between the publishing of the two books. However, a focus on English as a lingua franca, where the aim is proficiency in efficient cross cultural communication rather than in the English spoken by native speakers,  does not seem to have influenced the textbooks studied here. It is difficult to appreciate whether or not changes like these have taken hold in Swedish classrooms, as teachers use many different listening materials and in many different ways.

     

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