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  • 1.
    Allansson, Jimmy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    When grundskoleklass becomes mainstream classroom: An investigation of the translation of Swedish compound nouns into English using Google Translate2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how Swedish compound nouns are translated by the machine translation program Google Translate. In order to conclude what main types of mistranslation occur, different texts were first translated by the program; all compound nouns were then listed and analysed, and the mistranslated compound nouns were categorised in accordance with the manner of mistranslation. The study was also working from a hypothesis that the frequency of a compound would affect the chances of getting a correct translation. To test this hypothesis, queries were run in a Swedish corpus to get an estimation of how frequently used the compounds are. The results show that mistranslations could be categorised into four different types, and that the most common types of mistranslation were omitting part of the compound, and translating reoccurring compounds inconsistently. The hypothesis that compounds with high frequency in the corpus would be correctly translated, while compounds with low frequency would be incorrectly translated, could not be conclusively confirmed or refuted. Although there was some indication of a link between frequency and translation accuracy, the connection was not clear enough to claim that there is a correlation.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    De, dem och dom: Vilka är dom som vill slopa de och dem?: En granskning av dom-debatten i svensk media och pronomenens användarstatistik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine arguments that have occurred in the debate concerning de, dem and dom during the past three years in Sweden’s six biggest newspapers (Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, Aftonbladet, Svenska Dagbladet och Sydsvenskan, this according to Tidningsutgivarna [TU]). The arguments are collected from articles via the article search tool Retriever. Different search strings were tested in Retriever’s search field in order to find articles regarding the dom-debate. Eventually the search strings and phrases ”de och dem”, ”de/dem” and ”dom-debatten” resulted in most hits. Based on specific selection criteria, 26 articles remained. During the same period of time, the study also set out the examine which of the pronouns that are most used in written language: the informal version dom or the formal version de and dem, using Språkbanken’s concordance tool Korp. In this way, the study demonstrates a connection between the arguments that occur in today’s debate and the actual user statistics. Furthermore, the results are also compared with Språkrådet’s recommendation regarding these pronouns. As such, the results in this study present the debate’s temperature and the pronouns user statistics, which eventually lead to conclusions about the current de-dem-dom-climate. Content analysis of the arguments and user statistics revealed that de and dem are used more frequently than dom in written language. It also concludes there are more arguments supporting a continuing use of de and dem in media during the last three years, compared to arguments supporting a dom-reform during the corresponding period of time.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Understanding the 'mess' in text messages: An analysis of humorous text message exchanges shared in social media platforms2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept 'mess-understanding' has circulated in online media and is so prevalent that it is now included in the Urban Dictionary. The folk concept of mess-understandings is a pun for misunderstandings arising in an online media context. Posting one's own or others' miscommunication and/or typographical errors has grown to be a popular way of sharing humor via cross-platform sharing on the Internet. The aim of this paper is to analyze short message service (SMS) dialogues shared in social media, with a special emphasis on those with the highest degree of 'shareability' and/or popularity. The study specifically focuses on understanding linguistic and communicative reasons behind these dialogues being treated as humorous by users. As such, the study aims to shed light upon current cultural conceptions of communication and humor. Data was collected from the photo sharing website Pinterest from users who had posted or reposted 'screen shots' from their own or others' SMS conversations. In order to collect as much valuable data as possible, a manual search strategy was developed with three different word strings which resulted in a corpus of 160 dialogues. Content analysis of the data revealed certain recurrent humor themes, such as allusions to sexual conduct or bodily functions, generation gaps, technology difficulties, and lexical ambiguity. 

  • 4.
    Andersson, Ingmarie
    Karlstad University.
    Två läsinlärningsmetoder: En jämförelse mellan den syntetiska och analytiska metoden2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Andersson, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Barn med språkstörningar: En studie om arbetet på språkförskolor2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    My purpose with this essay is to get knowledge about pedagogues´ work at pre- schools specialized on language. This was something that I wanted to examine, when I during earlier work and teaching practice met children with speech defects. I have interviewed three pre-schools teachers in different pre-schools specialized on language in a town in the middle of Sweden. As an examination method I used a qualitative interview method and I asked questions out of four themes. My themes where Background, Everyday work, Methods to stimulate children with speech defects in their development of language, and Further education. From the literature which has been used in this essay and from those interviews I made I have come with the conclusion, that a clear structure and signs as an alternative and complement communication can help children with speech defects in their development of language.

    Keywords: language, speech defects, pre-schools specialized on language, signs as an alternative and complement communication.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    The Introduction of English at the Junior Level of the Swedish Comprehensive Compulsory 9-year School: A study of perceived knowledge in relation to motivation conducted among 3rd grade students2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Titel:

    The Introduction of English at the Junior level of the Swedish 9-Year Comprehensive Compulsory School: A study of perceived knowledge in relation to motivation conducted among 3rdgrade students.

    Författare:

    Andersson, Rolf Engelska C, 2011

    Antal sidor:

    26

    Abstract:

    This paper focuses on perceived knowledge of students at the junior level of the comprehensive compulsory 9-year school, as this has an impact on their motivation to study the language. The national curriculum of 2011 assumes that English is introduced at an early stage, during the junior level. The purpose of this paper is to examine how students who start English in the first grade, according to the recommendations of the curriculum, relate to the subject. The paper contains a bibliography section, where I present language research concerning foreign language introduction, language acquisition and motivation, followed by a presentation of a historical view on second language learning in Sweden, and then an investigation conducted by a questionnaire. The purpose of the investigation is to measure the students’ perceived knowledge of English, as this affects their motivation. The investigation is limited to two third grade classes in a junior level school in a rural, scarcely populated municipality in the south-west of Sweden. All in all 40 students took part in the study. The aim of the paper is to answer the following question: How do the pupils regard their own achievements in English?

    The students have a general ability to evaluate their personal achievements and knowledge subjectively. They seem quite confident about their listening and speaking skills. The most difficult language segment, writing, where the language skills and requirements are most clearly defined, is the language area where the students feel that their ability is weaker. All students, with one exception, agree that language studies are important for them. What the study also shows is the variety of languages that students wish to study, i.e. Chinese and Japanese together with Spanish, Greek and sign languages show how the 9-year-old students are aware of the world around them. The reason why this investigation has been conducted is to investigate the students’ perceived knowledge as this has an impact on their motivation to study the language.

    Nyckelord

    : Early English introduction, English at the junior level, perceived knowledge, motivation.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Teacher and student questions in the EFL classroom: A study of gender and interaction in three Swedish classes2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Andresen, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Flouting the maxims in comedy: An analysis of flouting in the comedy series Community2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how flouting of the Gricean maxims is used to create comedy in the television series Community.  The aim of the paper is to find out what maxims are flouted the most to create comedy and what maxims the different characters flout in order to create comedy. The paper examines the use of flouts in different situations and explores in what situations the different characters flout the maxims for comedy.  The paper is based on transcription of eight episodes of the series. The results show that the maxim of quantity was flouted most often, and some characters used more flouts than others. These results suggest that the use of flouts has to do with their different personalities, which is why some characters did not use as many flouts in order to create comedy, since it would not be in line with their personality.   

  • 9.
    Anteryd, Linn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    A Pragmatic Analysis of the Humour in The Big Bang Theory: A qualitative study focusing on non-observances of Grice’s conversational maxims2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to investigate, using Grice’s theories, two episodes from the sitcom named The Big Bang Theory in terms of finding out how the flouting and other non-observances of Gricean maxims of quantity, quality, relation and manner are deployed to generate humour in the series. Another aim is to find out whether a certain Gricean maxim was non-observed more than any other. The Analysis section includes transcriptions of the selected parts of the two episodes which I have analysed. I found that the Gricean maxims serve as waypoints to humour in combination with extra-linguistic features such as body language, facial expressions, tone of voice etc.

  • 10.
    Artan, Niklas Kanat
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Computer use in the English classroom: A comparative analysis of English teachers' thoughts and practices regarding computer use in the English classroom2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society changed when it entered the 21st century when technological gadgets like the computer and tablets made our society technologically dependent. The aim of this study is to examine Swedish Secondary and Upper Secondary English teachers’ attitudes towards computer use in the English classroom. The study was carried out by using a qualitative method: semi-structured interviews. A total of 17 teachers offered their thoughts on the subject. The results show that there are both differences and similarities between the Secondary school teachers and Upper Secondary School teachers. The Upper Secondary teachers have a much more positive attitude compared to the Secondary school teachers who have a more neutral attitude. The Upper Secondary School teachers are more positive because of the 1:1 initiative while the Secondary School teachers more neutral as a result of the limited computer supply, which was problematic whenever they have classes that are larger than the amount of computers available at hand.

  • 11.
    Birgitta, Barck
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    När språket inte räcker till: Framgångsmetoder i svenskämnet för andraspråkselever på lågstadiet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the survey was to identify which methods primary teachers are using and see

    as success factors in the language development. To study which factors came from a sociocultural

    approach to learning, in order to develop and create discussions and improvements so

    that second language learners reach their targets. The study is based on three teachers'

    teaching of second language students in the primary grades, using qualitative interviews and

    observations of their work.

    The results revealed that the organization and support resources are significant and can vary

    between schools in the same municipality. Furthermore it showed that two of the teachers

    interviewed, felt that it was difficult to teach second language students. They felt that they had

    insufficient knowledge, a heavy workload, a lack of time and they expressed both

    powerlessness and frustration. The conclusion of the study is that teachers, teaching second

    language students in the primary grades, did not believe in the use of just one method in their

    teaching, but used combined various methods. Several of these methods are based on a sociocultural

    approach, which reflected their vision and attitude to the learning process.

  • 12.
    Björkman, Angelica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Uttalssvårigheter i svenska som andraspråk hos personer med thailändsks som primärspråk2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study is to compare difficulties of Swedish pronunciation of five  second-language learners with Thai as mother tongue. Thereafter make a comparison with previous research in pronunciation difficulties in people with the same primary language to see if the deviations are similar. I used both recorded material/recordings which I analyzed as well as experiences from pronunciation training that I observed at SFI. The pronunciation difficulties were documented and entered in tables. The recordings consist of 25 Swedish words and a text performed by five informants.

     

    In my study, you can distinguish a pattern in my five informants pronunciation difficulties complying with Bannert informants who also have Thai as primary language. The irregularities as they had in common is difficulties with lip rounding, liquid consonants, pronunciation of /u/, loss of consonant, word stress, word accent, clause accent and assimilation. I found that the mother tongue in all likelihood have some influence of the pronunciation of a second language

  • 13.
    Blidstam, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Folk säger köngen. Vi säger kungen: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ innehållsanalys av dialektmomentet i läromedel2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay to analyze the dialect section in textbooks using content analysis. What is studied is the selection that the text book authors have made and if one can detect a sociolinguistic or language historical perspective and how much the dialect section make up of the total matter of the textbook. The selection that the authors have made is also compared to what scientific manuals say. Moreover, the work exercises in the textbooks have also been examined. The focus when studying the exercises have been on how they are composed and why. Four textbooks and four scientific manuals have been selected inorder to answer the research questions. Then a quantitative and qualitative content analysis of the textbooks has been carried out. A coding scheme conducted by Niklas Ammert has been used as a guide for the qualitative study and a model by Stefan Selander has been used for the quantitative section.

    The result showed that the most common type of presentation in the textbook in the sections that include dialects is the confirming and explanatory type. Although, in the exercises it is the reflective and the analyzing type that is the most distinguished one. In the exercises the students are often asked to reflect and analyze dialects based on their dialect. The result showed that the dialect section seems to get an expanding range in the textbooks. The result also showed that there are language historical perspectives in the textbooks. However the result regarding the sociolinguistic perspective is not the same; it only occurs in one of the textbooks. 

  • 14.
    Boije, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Digitalisering i svenskundervisning i gymnasieskolan: En studie om lärares användande av digitala redskap i svenskundervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teacher in Sweden work with digitization in their teaching and what tools and methods are used. In addition, the opportunities and challenges the teachers perceive to use digital tools in the teaching are reported. The study parts from a sociocultural theory. To fulfill its purpose the study is based on how teachers in the Swedish subject work to achieve a digital education and how attitudes affect to integrate digital tools. For the data collecting process semistructured qualitative interviews have been used as method. Four Swedish teachers were interviewed in the ages between 30 and 60 who are active in the upper secondary school. The results show that digital awareness among the teachers varies. The younger generation is usually more aware than the older generation. The older teacher declares herself as being quite digitally unconscious and finds that it depends on generational difference, knowledge and interest. As a result her teaching is not based on digital awareness. The younger teachers, in particular those with more professional experience, have a high degree of digital awareness. This shows in continually acquiring digital knowledge on their own, trying new methods and constantly trying to develop the digital education. The youngest teacher with least professional experience has good digital awareness but not the interest, knowledge and time to integrate digitalization into her teaching. All the interviewed teachers have in common that they find the work towards a digital teaching challenging and that none of them had much, if any, education in digital studies in their university studies. 

  • 15.
    Bolander, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Code-switching in the classroom: A sign of deficiency or a part of the learning process?2008Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how code-switching operates and what impact it has on the interaction in the EFL classroom. The study was conducted at a Swedish secondary school by means of observations, interviews, and a questionnaire. The participants of the study were 79 students and two teachers. Both teachers and students were observed and, in addition to this, the students answered the questionnaire and the teachers were interviewed.

    The results showed that there were several factors that triggered the students' use of the native language and the ultimate reason for switching to the native language was often to facilitate the learning process. Typical situations in which the students switched to Swedish were when they communicated with their peers or when they encountered unfamiliar words. Moreover, the results suggest that the teacher plays an important role for the choice of code in the classroom through his/her own language use and attitude towards code-switching. Neither of the interviewed teachers nor the majority of the students thought that there were any positive aspects to code-switching.

  • 16.
    Carlsson, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Dialekt i stadsskola och landsortsskola i Värmland: - en komparativ studie om högstadieelevers attityder till dialekt2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that the attitude to dialect differs between locations. Studies have also pointed out the complexity of the attitude toward one’s own dialect, given that many tend to both like and dislike their own dialect at the same time. A teacher may come across a variety of attitudes toward dialect depending on the school’s location. The purpose of this study is to survey the pupils’ attitudes toward dialect in a urban school compared to a rural school in Värmland. 109 pupils responded to a questionnaire which showed that a larger part of those in the rural school used dialect. It was also more important for them to preserve their dialect than those using dialect in the urban school.

    The research underlined that the local dialect was more valued at the rural school compared to the urban one. The pupils at the latter also found it a bit more important that their teachers did not use dialect when speaking. However, the results were in large part similar among those using dialect regardless of their school’s location and most of them indicated that they did not adjust their use of dialect to the examples of situations in the questionnaire. Approximately 50% of the respondents indicated though that they did not use dialect in some situations depending on the recipient.

    Key words: dialect, attitude, pupil, teacher, school, urban, rural, Värmland

  • 17.
    Carlsson, Ulrica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "I en bra bok står det bästa mellan raderna": En kvalitativ fallstudie om undervisning i läsförståelse för elever med annat modersmål än svenska2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Cederstedt, Erika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Barns språksvårigheter: Hur man som pedagog bemöter barn med språksvårigheter2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this study was to get an insight in how to best be able to help children with language difficulties, and learn to see those who are in need of extra help and attention.

    The study is the result of three separate interviews with a speech therapist, a preschool teacher, and a teacher for children with special needs. The other information that my study is built on comes from books.

    The answers that I got from the interviews questions, have I built my discussions from.

    Since I only have done three interviews, can´t I do any general conclusions, from my findings.

    The answers that I got shows that it`s not always the same answers from the speech therapist, preschool teacher and the teacher for children with special needs, are the same. But most of the answers had a similar conclusion. The most important finding in my study, which also the literature agrees with, is that. It´s always important to read out loud to the children.

    Keywords: language difficulties, exertion, learning to speech and communication.

  • 19.
    Cunningham, Una
    et al.
    University of Canterbury.
    King, Jeanette
    University of Canterbury.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Seals, Corinne A.
    Victoria University of Wellington .
    Editorial2016In: Journal of Home Language Research, ISSN 2537 - 7043, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Dijkstra, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Motivation and English as a foreign language: Motivation among Swedish upper secondary school students2009Student paper other, 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to be able to influence the motivation of second language learners one first has to understand what motivation is, what its preconditions are and how to detect it. The research for this essay was done with the help of one hundred and ten students from seven classes in two different upper secondary schools and most of these learners were first year students.

    The aim was to find and measure the students' motivation to learn English and how this motivation can be influenced in a positive manner. The method used to collect the necessary data was a questionnaire which asked questions about the relevancy of the English course and how frequently the students used English and how interested they were in the language.

    The results give a clear picture of the students' motivational levels as well as to which parts of the English course they respond and to which they do not.        

  • 21.
    Dofs, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Onomatopoeia and iconicity: A comparative study of English and Swedish animal sound2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine whether language is iconic or arbitrary in the issue of onomatopoeia, i.e. whether animal sounds are represented in the same way in different languages. In addition, I will also look at onomatopoeical words which have been conventionalised, when the meaning broadened and they finally became part of ordinary language.

    It can be stated that arbitrary signs have slowly taken over as different languages have developed, but the reason why is a topic for discussion – is there a scientific cause, based on the theory of evolution, or an explanation found in religious myths? Whatever the reason is, it is not likely that iconicity will vanish totally. It is connected to human neurophysiology and an ancient part of language, a natural resemblance between an object and a sign which can exist in different forms. Onomatopoeia is one example of iconic signs, an object named after the sound it produces, and according to one theory conventionalised imitations is actually the origin of language. Nevertheless, there are two main categories – language being either iconic or arbitrary. Regarding onomatopoeia, my results suggest that language is only iconic to a limited extent. English and Swedish have some common representations of animal sounds, but the languages also differ in many ways. Conventionalising seems common in both languages and many of the words in my survey have been incorporated in dictionaries, representing more than only the sound of a certain animal.

  • 22.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Schools transforming multilinguals into illiterates?2012Other (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Bilingualism: Myths and Realities2013In: The MLTAQ Journal – A journal of professional current practice and research for language teachers, ISSN 1327-7782, Vol. 158, no Dec, 3-7 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Brush It Up: On-line resources for fostering independent learning2016In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Educational Innovation through Technology (EITT 2016), New York: IEEE, 2016, 143-148 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As Australian universities are increasingly pressured into attracting participation of groups previously underrepresented in the higher education system, the need to support these cohorts of students becomes more evident. This paper describes an online resource developed by members of the Linguistics team at Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia, to engage students with disciplinary knowledge, provide opportunities for independent and/or small group practice, test their understanding of materials covered in the lectures, self- evaluate their work, conduct exam revisions, and overall scaffold the learning process, fostering independent learning and self- reliance. While reporting on students’ perceptions of this resource, we finish the paper with a word of caution about the effectiveness on online learning in university settings.

  • 25.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Raising bilingual children: Options and tips2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Griffith University.
    Reaching out to migrant and refugee communities to support home language maintenance2017In: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrant and refugee parents considering raising their children in their non-mainstream home language often fear that this decision may impact negatively on their children’s English language ability and thus affect their academic prospects. The lack of institutional support for home languages in the Australian school system, and the well-intentioned but misguided advice parents may receive to switch to the mainstream language in family interactions reinforce parents’ doubts. To assuage parents’ concerns and assist them in making an informed decision most appropriate for their family circumstances, we developed and delivered free workshops on bilingual upbringing. We also trained bilingual facilitators who adapted the workshops culturally and linguistically and conducted these in their own communities. This paper discusses these workshops, the feedback received, our observations, and lessons learned.

  • 27.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguist, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguistics, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguist, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Multilingualism and literacy: attitudes and policies INTRODUCTION2015In: International Journal of Multilingualism, ISSN 1479-0718, E-ISSN 1747-7530, Vol. 12, no 2, 151-161 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28. Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguist, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Guillemin, Diana
    The importance of literacy in the home language: The view from Australia2013In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While advantages of literacy in the home language have been widely documented, the Australian education system has not been proactive in providing institutional support for its development. This paper investigates the impact of (il)literacy in the home language on the academic, affective, and social development of bilingual/multilingual children and proposes principles that home-language-literacy programs should meet to be effective. It discusses programs that, although designed to develop literacy or second-language proficiency mainly in classroom contexts, could be easily adapted to address the needs of the linguistically and culturally diverse Australian context. We argue that the cost of not investing in successful homelanguage-literacy programs will be higher in the long run than their implementation costs and recommend that Australia should consider supporting grassroots home-language-literacy programs in a push to improve overall literacy outcomes for Australian home-language speakers. © The Author(s) 2013.

  • 29.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguistics, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguistics, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
    Moyes, Gordon
    Griffith Univ, Griffith Film School, Australia.
    Play to learn: Self-directed home language literacy acquisition through online games2016In: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522, Vol. 19, no 2, 136-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Home language literacy education in Australia has been pursued predominantly through Community Language Schools. At present, some 1000 of these, attended by over 100,000 school-age children, cater for 69 of the over 300 languages spoken in Australia. Despite good intentions, these schools face a number of challenges. For instance, children may lack motivation and perceive after-hours schooling as an unnecessary burden. Trained teachers and suitable teaching materials are often not available. Moreover, not every language can be offered in each city or region. Hence, home language speakers’ needs are often not met. This situation has detrimental effects for children, families and communities, and entails a loss of opportunities for the country. Reporting on an alternative approach, this paper presents a pilot study conducted in Australia with English–German bilinguals. We sought to investigate whether primary school-aged children can self-direct their home language literacy acquisition through playing online educational games in the privacy of their homes and with little adult input. Results indicate that the games can be effective in promoting emergent literacy development. Thus, such a grassroots approach could become a viable option for multilingual societies, addressing some of the practical challenges faced by, for instance, Community Language Schools.

  • 30.
    Elmén, Isak
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Pictures as an aesthetical tool in English language teaching: An experimental study2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This explorative qualitative case study aims at finding out about the impact of pictures as an aesthetical tool in English language teaching, through an experiment in the English classroom. Aesthetical tools are here defined as tools through which one can reach a stronger experience and improve learning. The independent variable in the experiment was a picture assignment and the dependent variable was a Chinese high school class and their teacher in English. After having done the experiment, the research questions were answered through a student questionnaire and an interview with the teacher. The study is based on Dewey’s theory of an experience (Dewey 1934) which is about the benefits of aesthetical experiences, and six themes of aesthetical experience provided by Uhrmacher (2009) meant to make education into such an experience. A majority of the subjects responded positively to the experiment, and the assignment seemed to be able to implement Uhrmacher’s six themes, at least to a certain extent. The claims of earlier findings are also echoed in this study.

  • 31.
    Engvall, Cecilia
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    A study of the VAKT learning styles and their importance for Swedish EFL students2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a paper about Swedish upper secondary students’ awareness of the four learning styles in the acronym VAKT (visual, auditory, kinesthetic and tactile) and whether they are important for getting a certain grade in English. In my study I investigate learning styles of students of English as a second language at upper secondary school in Sweden. I also investigate the students’ awareness of their own learning style and to what extent they feel that all learning styles are represented in their classrooms. My results show that learning styles are of some importance and should be mentioned in teacher education today. This essay also brings up motivation and a discussion on how the VAKT learning styles and similar learning styles can help students feel motivated in and outside the classroom. There are also results on how students see their own use of English in their future and what their goals with learning English are.

  • 32.
    Estival, Dominique
    et al.
    Western Sydney University.
    Henderson, John
    University of Western Australia.
    Laughren, Mary
    University of Queensland.
    Mollá, Diego
    Macquarie University.
    Bow, Cathy
    Charles Darwin University.
    Nordlinger, Rachel
    University of Melbourne.
    Rieschild, Verna
    Macquarie University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Stanley, Alexander W.
    Macquarie University.
    Mrowa-Hopkins, Colette
    Flinders University.
    Learning from OzCLO, the Australian Computational and Linguistics Olympiad2013In: Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics.: Fourth Workshop on Teaching Natural Language Processing, Sofia: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2013, 35-41 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Australian Computational and Linguistics Olympiad (OzCLO) started in 2008 in only two locations and has since grown to a na- tionwide competition with almost 1500 high school students participating in 2013. An Aus- tralian team has participated in the Interna- tional Linguistics Olympiad (ILO) every year since 2009. This paper describes how the competition is run (with a regional First Round and a final National Round) and the or- ganisation of the competition (a National Steering Committee and Local Organising Committees for each region) and discusses the particular challenges faced by Australia (tim- ing of the competition and distance between the major population centres). One major fac- tor in the growth and success of OzCLO has been the introduction of the online competi- tion, allowing participation of students from rural and remote country areas. The organisa- tion relies on the good-will and volunteer work of university and school staff but the strong interest among students and teachers shows that OzCLO is responding to a demand for linguistic challenges.

  • 33.
    Fungula, Bob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Oral Corrective Feedback in the Chinese EFL Classroom: Methods employed by teachers to give feedback to their students2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an empirical study based on English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' experiences. The study is on Chinese EFL teachers’ usage of different oral corrective feedback (OCF) types as well as their own beliefs as to what strategies they make use of most frequently and what they do to improve their own OCF. Semi-structured interviews and non-participant observations were employed as instruments for the data collecting process. Four Chinese EFL teachers were interviewed, one male and three female, with varied amounts of professional experience and of different ages. Four observations were made in the classrooms of the same teachers as a supplement to the interviews. The interviews were analyzed by means of content analysis. The results indicate that Recast is the most commonly used feedback method and that the teachers had different thoughts on which feedback method was the most effective or the one they most frequently used. Furthermore, the results indicate that there are differences between teachers’ beliefs about their feedback strategies and the observation results.

  • 34.
    Garibovic, Eldina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Arbetssätt för elever med svenska som andraspråk: Tips på hur pedagoger kan arbeta2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how teachers currently working with students who have a mother tongue other than Swedish. The investigation has been carried out using three qualitative research interviews. It has been shown that some educators believe that inclusion in the regular classroom instruction has been giving the best results for students' language development. It has provided great opportunities for discussion and group work. Teachers have given tips on how to work with these students so that they develop in the Swedish language. I have been through the literature revealed that multilingualism opens up many avenues for children, but it also puts obstacles. Barriers preventing students' language development but also social development. Syllabus for Swedish as a second language show that the students will develop the linguistic skills so they can communicate in different contexts.

  • 35.
    Green, Evelina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Can you pronunce January?: A comparative study of Swedish students learning English in an at-home environment and a study-abroad environment2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is a difference between Swedish learners of English in an at-home environment compared to Swedish learners of English who studied English abroad for a year, in their ability to distinguish between certain English phoneme. The method used to investigate was through a questionnaire where the informants had to identify words containing the sounds /z/, /θ/, /ð/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ and /w/. The results showed that the informants who had been abroad were more familiar with the sounds than the informants who had studied in a Swedish senior high school over the same period of time. It was found that the sound /z/ was the hardest sound to identify, followed by /ʒ/, for both groups of informants. 

  • 36.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Wholesale Apocalypse: Brand Names in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake2016In: Names, ISSN 0027-7738, E-ISSN 1756-2279, Vol. 64, no 2, 88-98 p., 1159448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coinages pervade Margaret Atwood’s post-apocalyptic novel Oryx and Crake (2003). Most of the neologisms in the novel denote corporations and their products and form part of a thoroughgoing critique of consumerism. The coinages are jarringly hyperbolic and their orthography often evokes contrary connotations. However, in the thematic context of the novel, coining practices follow certain patterns and function as effective, if ambiguous, satirical tools. On one level, the practice of branding is thoroughly satirized. On another, however, the neologisms point to both the limitations and possibilities of satire when dealing with the themes addressed in the novel: commoditization, environmental damage on a planetary scale, and a vision of the imminent end of humanity itself.

  • 37.
    Gustafsson, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Barns språkutveckling genom lek2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children`s Language Development through Play

  • 38.
    Holmgren Troy, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The fact of metafiction in nineteenth-century children's literature: Nathaniel Hawthorne's A Wonder Book and Elizabeth Stoddard's Lolly Dinks's Doings2016In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 15, no 2, 132-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines two American books for children: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s A Wonder Book for Girls and Boys (1851) and Elizabeth Stoddard’s Lolly Dinks’s Doings (1874). In both books, fairy tales or myths are framed by a contemporary American setting in which the stories is told. It is in these realistic frames with an adult storyteller and child listeners that metafictional features are found. The article shows that Hawthorne and Stoddard use a variety of metafictional elements. So, although metafiction has been regarded as a postmodernist development in children’s literature, there are in fact instances of metafiction in nineteenth-century American children’s literature.

  • 39.
    Högqvist, Marion
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Chinese English major students and the apprenticeship of observation: The influence of previous student experiences on current beliefs about English language teaching2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “The apprenticeship of observation” is a person’s previous experiences as a student and it can greatly affect a person’s beliefs about teaching. This paper aimed to study the effect that previous student experiences had had on English major students at a university in China. A questionnaire was designed in order to collect data. The questionnaire was distributed to 117 undergraduate English majors. The results showed that the English majors considered their previous experiences as students to have greatly affected their current beliefs about English language teaching. The results further showed that the effects had mainly been positive and that the English major students considered “methods for English teaching”, “content”, and “lesson planning” to be the areas that had been affected most. These results were in accordance with most previous studies on the topic.

  • 40.
    Jaime, Ruti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    How do I pronounce this word?: Strategies used among Swedish learners of English when pronouncing unfamiliar words2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to identify some of the strategies students used when pronouncing unfamiliar words. Questionnaires were handed out to 94 students in the 9th grade in a medium-sized Swedish town. In addition, two teachers and 13 students were interviewed. The results indicate that the students had acquired some basic knowledge about the English sound system from phonetic training in their past education. However, there seemed to be a tendency among the students to use the trial-and-error strategy to a larger extent than using tools such as phonetic transcription in order to figure out the pronunciation of a word. The results also show that the teachers did not teach planned lessons on pronunciation, but instead it was more common that they responded to errors made by students. In conclusion, the results show that the students' knowledge in pronunciation in general was limited. In addition, there seemed to be a connection between the way the students and the teachers approached pronunciation and the student's ability to solve pronunciation issues.

     

     

     

  • 41.
    Johansson, BrittInger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Tvåspråkiga elevers stöd i skolan2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen har varit att ta reda på vilket stöd våra tvåspråkiga elever får inom skolan. Jag har valt att göra en litteraturgenomgång för att ta del av vad som tidigare är skrivet inom ämnet, därefter har jag använt mig av kvalitativa intervjuer för att ta del av fem lärares syn på vilket stöd tvåspråkiga elever får. Mina resultat visar att undervisningen ser olika ut på skolorna. Kunskap och samarbete mellan alla lärarkategorier gynnar elevens kunskapsutveckling. Modersmålsundervisningen anses extra viktig eftersom det är på det språk man fungerar bäst som man inhämtar kunskap. Även ämnet svenska som andraspråk anses viktigt eftersom eleven där får en individuell svenskundervisning som är anpassad efter deras nivå. Min slutsats för undersökningen är att alla som undervisar andraspråkselever behöver kunskap i ämnet. Kunskapen ligger till grund för det samarbete som är nödvändigt för att tvåspråkiga elever ska nå skolans mål.

  • 42.
    Jonsson, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Students' Oral Participation in the CLIL Classroom.: A comparative study of oral participation of CLIL students and students taught through their native language Swedish.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that participation and interaction in a language classroom are important. Especially so in the CLIL classroom where the target language is both the subject of study and the medium of instruction. However, it can be difficult for a teacher to get students to participate orally. Many researchers claim that students’ oral output in the CLIL classroom is minimal, and that they speak less than students who are taught through their native language.

    The aim of this paper was to study Swedish CLIL students’ oral participation and to find out whether the amount of oral classroom interaction was similar in a CLIL classroom and in a classroom where Swedish was the medium of instruction. I also wanted to investigate if male and female students interacted to the same extent, and whether the amount of interaction was evenly distributed within the classroom.

    The results show that CLIL students’ oral participation tended to be very high. The CLIL students produced even more total oral output than students in the control groups, which had their native language as their medium of instruction.

  • 43.
    Järnebrand, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Det ständigt närvarande svenskämnet: Om högstadieelevers attityder till det språk de använder i andra ämnen än svenska2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Kenalemang, Lame Maatla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Things Fall Apart: An Analysis of Pre and Post-Colonial Igbo Society2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chinua Achebe (1930- 2013) published his first novel Things Fall Apart (TFA) in 1958. Achebe wrote TFA in response to European novels that depicted Africans as savages who needed to be enlightened by the Europeans. Achebe presents to the reader his people’s history with both strengths and imperfections by describing for example, Igbo festivals, the worship of their gods and the practices in their ritual ceremonies, their rich culture and other social practices, the colonial era that was both stopping Igbo culture and also brought in some benefits to their culture. TFA therefore directs the misleading of European novels that depict Africans as savages into a whole new light with its portrayal of Igbo society, and examines the effects of European colonialism on Igbo society from an African perspective. Hence this essay is an attempt to show an insight of pre and post colonialism on Igbo society. It is argued that the interaction between the whites and the Igbo people had both negative and positive consequences. It is evident in Achebe’s novel that the Europeans greatly influenced the lifestyle of Igbo society. 

  • 45.
    Khan, Mohammad Miraz Hossain
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    See how far we’ve come: A corpus study of the source metaphor JOURNEY2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is based on conceptual metaphor theory (CMT), which Lakoff and Johnson introduced in 1980. Data were taken from the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), and three phrases (a long road, bumpy road and fork in the road) were investigated, in order to see how far the conceptual metaphor theory can be corroborated using authentic data. Journey was taken as the source domain of the three phrases. After analysis it was found that altogether 79% were metaphorical tokens, 18% were literal uses and 3% ‘other’ uses of the three phrases. In the metaphorical tokens of the three phrases six conceptual metaphors were identified and the most common conceptual metaphor was LONG-TERM PURPOSEFUL (LABOURIOUS) ACTIVITIES ARE JOURNEYS which made up 63% of all metaphorical tokens. The conceptual metaphor RECOVERING FROM PHYSICAL ILLNESS (OR GRIEF) OR PHYSICAL (OR MENTAL) SUFFERING IS A JOURNEY was only found in metaphorical tokens of the phrase a long road. The study shows that CMT can be used to explain the majority of the tokens in the corpus. However, one conceptual metaphor often mentioned in previous accounts, LOVE IS A JOURNEY, turned out to be quite rare.

  • 46.
    Kusuran, Amir
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    L2 English spelling error analysis: An investigation of English spelling errors made by Swedish senior high school students2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Proper spelling is important for efficient communication between people with different first languages in the 21st century. While Swedish functions as an intranational language within Sweden, it sees little to no use outside of Scandinavia. English fills the role as a second language that all Swedish students must learn, yet more focus appears to be given to grammar rather than spelling. Spelling is important and knowing the kinds of spelling errors Swedish learners of English tend to make can help educators improve the spelling proficiency of their students. The aim of this study is to investigate the spelling errors made by senior high school students in Sweden by analyzing a collection of essays written by students and gathered in the Uppsala Learner English Corpus (ULEC). The results of this study show that spelling proficiency nearly doubled for students in their third year in senior high school compared to their first year, yet the distribution of spelling errors remained the same. Additionally, some particular sounds that appear to be especially problematic for Swedish spellers were identified, such as /ə/, /l/, /s/ and /k/.

  • 47.
    Landström, Philip
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Foreign language anxiety among Chinese senior middle schoolstudents: A case study2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Anyone who has been learning a new language knows the feeling of anxiety when facedwith the task to use it in the classroom and in real life. Foreign Language Anxiety isconcept developed by Horwitz et al. (1986) to describe and measure this specific form ofanxiety. In this study, the anxiety levels of a class of Chinese senior middle schoolstudents taking an English class have been measured. The levels were measuredaccording to the Foreign Language Anxiety Scale, developed by Horwitz et al. (1986). 59informants participated in the study. The data were analysed to find which factors invokethe most anxiety. To gather qualitative data and gain further insight, two sets of groupinterviews were performed. The results show that a majority of the students suffer fromanxiety in class. Teacher-generated anxiety seems to be the most provoking factoraccording to the analysis.

  • 48.
    Lepp, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A study of the use of English and other languages in TV-commercials in Sweden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation is about the English language in Swedish TV-commercials. Theinvestigation shows that there are commercials in Sweden that involve other languages thanSwedish. The languages found in this study apart from Swedish were English, Italian andGerman. The results show that the most common language was Swedish, which was used in405 (96.4%) of the 420 commercial spots of which the data consists. In 57.6% of thecommercials Swedish was the only language that was used compared to the 3.6% spots whichonly included English. Swedish was used together with English, Italian or German in 159commercials. There were 168 ads which contained some form of English, as the onlylanguage or together with Swedish. The results show that there was no major differenceregarding the time when the commercials containing only Swedish were broadcast. The sameconclusion could be drawn for the commercials which contained Swedish together withEnglish. The commercials which only included English were broadcast most frequently in themorning and at night. In conclusion, Swedish was the language used to the greatest extent.Furthermore, English appeared in nearly 50% of the commercials even though it was onlyused exclusively in a few ads.

  • 49.
    Lepp, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    El uso de la música como estrategia didáctica en la enseñanza del pretérito perfecto compuesto en la sala escolar de ELE en Suecia2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the teaching of the past perfect tense in the Swedish classroom ofSpanish as a foreign language. The purpose of this essay is to see if it is profitable to teach thepast perfect tense with songs in Spanish, which include the past perfect tense in the lyrics, asan educational resource. The participants are thirtyfour students, divided into two groups, inthe eight grade who study Spanish as a foreign language, and eight Spanish teachers. Thestudy was made through observations in class, two tests by the students and a survey with theteachers.The results of the study show that the teachers who participated in the study consider that themajority of their students have problems learning the past perfect tense. Furthermore, theresults show that the students who were part of the first group, who received an inductiveeducation including Spanish music, increased their abilities of using the past perfect tenseboth with regular and irregular verbs. The students who were part of the second group andwho learnt/were taught by means of the deductive approach increased their abilities to use thepast perfect tense less than the first group when it came to the irregular verbs. However, theylearnt to use the past perfect tense with regular verbs better than the first group.Furthermore, we also investigated if there were any differences according to the interest andthe motivation to learn between the boys and the girls. The results were slightly higher amongthe girls.

  • 50.
    Lindberg, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Tidig språkstimulering: Vad har föräldrar till barn i förskolan för uppfattning om tidig språkstimulering?2010Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute with knowledge about parents’ perceptions of the meaning of early (0-6 years old) language stimulation of their children.

     

    By doing interviews with open questions the parents’ perspective and perceptions became visible, based on the following issues:

    Which perceptions do parents of children in preschool have of early language stimulation?

    How do parents of children in preschool describe their work with language at home?

    How do parents of children in preschool think of the cooperation between preschool and the home in childrens’ language development?

     

    The conclutions to been drawn from the findings of this study are that parents of children in preschool see that it is important to start language stimulation directly at birth, in everyday life and in social situations. The results also shows that parents are connecting language with dialects, conflicts and that parental involvement in the preschool language development is influenced by parents own engagement.

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