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  • 1.
    Ahlénius, Emma
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Öst, Lovisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Att ge eller att inte ge: En studie om projektledares arbete med återkoppling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of our paper is that feedback is needed as a tool on during work to make the individuals feel comfortable. This is basically related to our need of feeling accepted and to feel affinity. Research has demonstrated that the confirmation from the outside world is an important part of the individual's selfimage. In a project based environment, feedback is important, as project groups often consist of new constellations of people who quickly must learn to work together. If feed-back could be used successfully, this can have positive effects on work perfor-mance. The problem of providing feedback is how to give it in a constructive way so the receiver to take in the information and accept it. By examining past research, we examined why there is a need for feedback in project teams, what the research says that the giver should consider when it comes to feedback, and what consequences and results of feedback could be. Our purpose is, based on existing research, to examine how feedback is used in practice for five project managers. We asked ourselves following questions: Do project managers provide feedback? In what ways? How do they work with feedback? Do they know how the theory looks about the topic? How do they work to become better at giving feedback? To examine the issues, we used a qualitative approach in the form of semi-structured interviews. The interview subjects were all working in the same indus-try, the real estate industry. Our interview data were processed by transcribing and coding by predetermined themes. In our analysis we compared the theoretical background of the empirical data we collected. A matrix with a compilation of the collected data is presented in appendix 2. Our conclusion is that project managers mostly work with positive feedback and that giving negative feedback is perceived problematic. We also discovered that the project managers lacked a theo-retical knowledge about the subject and that the skills they possessed, had they learned through experience.

  • 2.
    Albonius, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Hagbok, Monica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Projektledning för kreativitet: En fallstudie om hur projektledare skapar förutsättningar för kreativitet i ett distansbaserat datorspelsutvecklingsprojekt2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies and projects often face the challenge of creating something new to increase their competitiveness. In this process of creating something new creativity is an important factor. By using a creative approach and utilizing creative processes new innovations emerges. An industry that has grown in recent years is the computer games industry. Competition is fierce and for the companies to succeed, the product need that extra something to make it stand out among all the produced games.

    The project manager's role in the creative process and the ability to be creative within a distance based company is not something highlighted by previous research. This formed the basis of our research question:

    How do project managers act to create conditions for creativity among employees in a remotely organized computer game company?

    To answer our question, we chose to make a descriptive case study. The project is based in the Nordic countries with employees worldwide. It is altogether a distance based project with no shared workspace. We interviewed the projects two project managers, and supplemented with a qualitative survey amongst the employees. The collected material was analyzed with a methodology inspired by Grounded Theory and previous research results.

    Three approaches of how the project managers act to promote creativity are evident in their stories. These approaches are trust, availability and tolerance. They form the basis of our model on how the project managers in this case act to promote employee creativity. Besides the three approaches, two concepts emerged as important tools for creativity in the project: motivation and communication. Our conclusion can be described as follows:

    Motivation provides the conditions for creative thinking. By building an organization where project leaders show trust in the ability of employees, and allows tolerance to be a watchword for collaboration, project managers work to improve employee motivation. This will create opportunities for creativity among the employees in this distance based project. Communication is essential for creative work in the project and virtual means of communication a way to increase availability.

  • 3.
    Almasri, A.
    et al.
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Mansson, K.
    Gothenburg Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Dept Econ Finance & Stat, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Sjolander, P.
    Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Dept Econ Finance & Stat, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Shukur, G.
    Jonkoping Int Business Sch, Dept Econ Finance & Stat, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Linnaeus Univ, Dept Econ & Stat, Vaxjo, Sweden..
    A wavelet-based panel unit-root test in the presence of an unknown structural break and cross-sectional dependency, with an application of purchasing power parity theory in developing countries2017In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 49, no 21, p. 2096-2105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces two different non-parametric wavelet-based panel unit-root tests in the presence of unknown structural breaks and cross-sectional dependencies in the data. These tests are compared with a previously suggested non-parametric wavelet test, the parameteric Im-Pesaran and Shin (IPS) test and a Wald type of test. The results from the Monte Carlo simulations clearly show that the new wavelet-ratio tests are superior to the traditional tests both in terms of size and power in panel unit-root tests because of its robustness to cross-section dependency and structural breaks. Based on an empirical Central American panel application, we can, in contrast to previous research (where bias due to structural breaks is simply disregarded), find strong, clear-cut support for purchasing power parity (PPP) in this developing region.

  • 4.
    Alvers, Sofie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Så sker kunskapsöverföring mellan projekt: En fallstudie om vilken kunskap projektledare överför och hur de överför den2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att öka förståelsen för hur kunskapsöverföringen sker mellan projekt i en organisation. För att besvara syftet har två forskningsfrågor använts. Vilken kunskap överför projektledaren mellan projekt i organisationen? Hur överför projektledaren kunskap mellan projekt i organisationen? För att besvara forskningsfrågorna och därmed besvara syftet användes en kvalitativ metod. Åtta djupgående, semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med åtta olika projektledare inom en och samma organisation. Intervjuerna analyserades sedan med hjälp av en tematisk analys och relevanta teman identifierades.

    Första forskningsfrågan, om vilken kunskap som överförs mellan projekt, resulterade i tre kunskapsområden med underteman. Den kunskap som överförs av projektledaren mellan projekt handlar om ledning av människor och om ledning av processen. Domänkunskap överförs även det mellan projekt, men är mest framträdande i kunskapsöverföringen mellan byggprojekt.

    Den andra forskningsfrågan, om hur kunskapen överförs, resulterade i fyra teman. Kunskapsöverföring sker genom att projektledaren själv tar med sig kunskap mellan projekt och detta är ett ledande överföringssätt i studien. När problem eller en ny situation uppstår och projektledaren själv inte har kunskapen, frågar projektledaren sina kollegor utan att något formellt möte sätts in. Överföring sker även via formella projektledarmöten, studiebesök, nätverk och dokument, de överföringssätten är dock inte lika framträdande i studien.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Matilda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Arnell, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hur påverkar flyktingmottagadet turismnäringen?: En studie om kommunerna Hagfors, Säffle, Filipstad, Torsby och Kristinehamn i Värmland2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Turismnäringen i Sverige omsätter stora summor varje år och skapar sysselsättning till samhället genom bland annat arbetsmöjligheter till lokalbefolkningen samt inkomst till destinationen. Turismnäringen är en känslig näring som snabbt kan bli påverkad av något oväntat och av en plötslig händelse. Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att studera hur en plötslig och oväntad situation kan påverka turismnäringen i Sverige med en studie på flyktingmottagandets påverkan på turismnäringen i region Värmland. Våra två frågeställningar till uppsatsen handlar om, om flyktingmottagandet har någon påverkan på turismanläggningar i Värmland och vad tillför flyktingmottagandet för Värmland. I teorin har vi utgått från fyra teman som är flyktingmottagandet, flyktingmottagandets påverkan på turismnäringen, turismnäringen samt kris av form av en oväntad och plötslig situation. I empirin presenterar vi våra kvalitativa och semistrukturerade intervjuer med kommunerna Hagfors, Säffle, Filipstad, Torsby och Kristinehamn. Vi valde att intervjua turismaktörer i de valda kommunerna genom telefonintervjuer och mejlintervju. Av analysen kom vi fram till fem slutsatser om hur Värmlands turismnäring kan bli påverkad av flyktingmottagandet. De fem slutsatserna är hur turismanläggningarna påverkas idag samt i framtiden, jobbmöjligheterna på platsen som bli påverkad, vad som kan tillföras av den oväntade och plötsliga situationen och slutligen diskuterar vi hur säsongsturismen kan blir påverkad.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Accidents and injuries in the Nordic-Baltic region2015In: The Baltic Resilience Monograph Report: on awareness raising, bridging and building community resilience in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Tomasz Zwęgliński, Pawel Gromek, Magdalena Gikiewicz, Anna Predecka.,, Warsaw: The Main School of Fire Service. , 2015, p. 121-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Brandsäkerhet för särskilt utsatta: en forskningsöversikt2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, p. 229-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Crossing borders and bridging sectors: How to establish inter-sectoral collaboration on public safety and security2015In: The Baltic Resilience Monograph Report: on awareness raising, bridging and building community resilience in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] / [ed] Tomasz Zwęgliński, Pawel Gromek, Magdalena Gikiewicz, Anna Predecka.,, Warsaw: The Main School of Fire Service , 2015, p. 214-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Metoder för analys av skador och risker2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, p. 91-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Systematiskt säkerhetsarbete i organiserad verksamhet2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, p. 157-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Skaderegistering i teori och praktik2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, p. 81-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University.
    Personsäkerhet – en introduktion2015In: Personsäkerhet – teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Nilsen, PerDepartment of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Personsäkerhet – teori och praktik2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Nilsen, Per
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Säkerhetsfrämjande arbete i samhället2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 1, p. 167-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Arnoldsdotter, Marianne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Aspergers syndrom: Några verksamma pedagogers uppfattningar om skolsituationen för ungdomar med A.S. på gymnasiet2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the opinion of teachers as to the situation of young people suffering from Aspergers syndrome in the Sixth Form(gymnasium. In order to find this out I have chosen to interview four teachers with work experience of Aspergers in three different gymnasium in middle Sweden. They were confronted with the following questions: What resources are available for these pupils in the gymnasium? How do they experience that the school situation functions and how would they as teachers like the school situation to function for these young people at school?

    The result shows that special teachers have an extremely important function to fulfil. Those interviewed felt that there are sufficient resources available, for example guidance and further education for techers as well as both support and means for helping the young people.

    However, every teacher does not understand this handicap. Everyone is agreed that it is important there are tailor made solutions for each individual in close cooperation between pupils, teachers and special pedagoues.

  • 16.
    Arvidsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Johansson, Rebecca
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Att eko-certifiera ett turismföretag: "Mycket svordomar, mycket svett, frustration och ilska. Och glädje, ja det var liksom blandat."2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Asplén, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Dimensioner av framgång: Upplevelsen av framgång i ett offentligt projekt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within research literature about ‘project success’ there are diverse perceptions about what the concept really entails. There is no universal framework to value success. This study explores the concept by studying the perception of success among different participants in a project that has been carried out within the public sector. By interviewing six different respondents, the purpose of the study has been to understand how the participants within the project define success and to find out what dimensions of success are most important to them. The result has been analysed through Shenhar, Levy and Dvir’s (1997) four dimensions of success and shows that the respondents emphasized the importance of long-term dimensions of success rather than short-term dimensions. Important among these were that the project results had proven useful, that it had generated new knowledge and improved the conditions for further development of their organisations and for themselves as individuals. Consequently, the result differs from earlier research where short-term dimensions of success have been described as particularly important, merely that the project result is delivered on time and within budget.

  • 18.
    Axgrim, Zarah
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Andersson, Jonna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    De bortglömda barnen i beredandet av tvångsvård: Om bristande rättssäkerhet och föräldrars normalitet i tillämpningen av LVU.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have used a qualitative approach to analyze 19 verdicts according to 2§ The Young Persons Act (LVU) about maltreated children. The purpose with this study was to investigate how the Social Welfare argues to the administrative court. This study was inspired by discourse analyze as method and theory with a theoretical concept of normality as an analytical tool. The result show that the Social Welfare argues about parents shortcoming and the abnormal parenthood in relations to childrens undefined needs. The result also show that the Social Welfare argues for compulsory care in terms of legal requirements to achieve legal relevance.

  • 19. Baja, Kristin
    et al.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    From engagement to empowerment: climate change and resilience planning in Baltimore City2018In: Local Action on Climate Change / [ed] Moloney, Susie, Fünfgeld, Hartmut och Granberg, Mikael, Abingdon & New York: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 126-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Bengtzing Taxén, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Interkulturella möten i skolan: En studie om språkets betydelse för vårdnadshavares delaktighet i barnens skolgång2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Berg Sköld, Thinka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Man kände sig inte så himla accepterad i skolan": En studie om varför elever ger upp sina grundskolestudier2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Bergman, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Media's role after a nuclear accident: Differences in news coverage between Japan and Sweden after the Fukushima disaster 20112017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Through the ages, nuclear emergencies have scared us several times, and during these

    emergencies risks were often communicated through media. Sometimes, news would get

    distorted, amplified and cause confusion or other undesirable effects, which in turn might

    affect how people perceive the risks. The aim of this study was to analyze how media

    portrayed and communicated risks in Japan during the Fukushima nuclear power plant

    accident in 2011, compared to Sweden, a country out of reach of direct risks.

    Methods

    Discourse analysis was considered the most suitable method for this study, since it can be

    used to reveal myths that are implicated in speech and other actions. A discourse analysis is

    not meant to clarify an objective reality, but how a reality is created. The analysis was

    conducted on articles published in newspapers in each country during the accident, 15 articles

    from The Japan Times (Japan) and 19 from Aftonbladet (Sweden).

    Results

    The results showed that the communication of risks was more instructive in The Japan Times,

    even if some of the information was changing and could be considered confusing. When it

    comes to feelings, The Japan Times mostly stayed away from vidid and dramatic messages,

    while this was more common in Aftonbladet.

    Discussion and conclusions

    In the discussion, it was found that the most prominent resemblance was lacking information

    as a result of potential lack of knowledge among journalists. The way the newspapers

    presented the risks differed, The Japan Times had a quite composed approach while

    Aftonbladet dramatized the event more extensively. Both newspapers used statements from

    officials and authorities, which might have contributed to framing. For further research on

    media’s role during a nuclear disaster, it might be of interest to look at solutions for how

    experts and journalists can work closer together to communicate the risks accurately, as well

    as taking the political stance aspect into consideration.

  • 23.
    Bergström, Kavita
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Hur bemöter man idag tibetanska flyktingbarn i Dharamsala?2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a result of a one month field study Dharamsala in India. Dharamsala is well-known for harbouring the exile Tibetan government and also their religious leader in Tibetan Buddhism, Dalai Lama. Because of this Dharamsala is an important sanctuary fore Tibetan refugees who are escaping from the Chinese government’s oppression in Tibet.

    The purpose of this study is therefore to get a better insight and knowledge how people today in Dharamsala receive Tibetan refugee children from Tibet.

    I got the privilege to meet 8 of the people who, in one way or another, daily meet and work with Tibetan refugee children.

    In this study I have used the methods qualitative interview and observation. Through these methods it’s clear that, Tibetan refugee children are received with love and respect in Dhar-amsala. In this way the Tibetan refugee children got a worthy life in freedom and a proper education.

    The love and compassion from the Tibetan people in Dharamsala, to their next generation, motivate these children to study hard so that they later in life can help other Tibetans who still live under the Chinese government’s oppression in Tibet.

  • 24.
    Bernström, Annelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Leksaker baserade på teknik sedda ur ett genusperspektiv: En studie om 6-åringars preferenser och användande av könsstereotypa konstruktionsleksaker2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through interviews with children in preschool class and through inquiries by questionnaire with their teachers, I have received answers of my question at issue about boys, girls and their choices of technical toys. The purpose was to see if there were any differences in choosing and using these toys, and also to find out if and why the children have different preferences.

    The results indicate that for the children in this preschool class the choice of construction toys is common in the activities. All the children play with these toys, but still there are different preferences among girls and boys, both at home and in preschool class. There are differences in opinion among earlier researchers what causes boys and girls to differ in preferences of toys, but the main theory is still that gender differences depend on the family and the community.

    Pedagogical conclusions are that as a teacher of young children, you have to work with awareness when it comes to toys and gender. You must never forget the important role toys play in the development of the children.

    Keywords: gender, technical, toys, preferences

  • 25.
    Bertilsson, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hållbar konsumtion och matavfall: En studie om människors attityder till att slänga mat2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today we live in a consumer society where people's current consumer habits are unsustainable. All individuals have to take economical, environmental and social factors into consideration, if a sustainable consumption will come true. The best way to try to understand the households' consumer habits are to focus upon the behavior of the individual person.

     

    Both the food consumption and the waste field have a large environmental impact. Recently, scholars have found that it is the waste of food which is the main environmental problem, not the food packing. Previous studies have shown that households throw away a remarkable part of the food they buy. Since it costs a lot of energy to produce food, this habit means wasting of the earth's resources.

     

    The purpose of the thesis is to illustrate that the households act in an unsustainable way, when they throw the food away. The answers to what kind of attitude people have towards the waste of food and how their behavior coheres with their knowledge about the open-dating of provisions was also searched for. The method questionnaire was used and 50 inhabitants from Karlstad participated in the survey.

     

    The results lead to the conclusion that the inhabitants in Karlstad are fairly typical persons, because several of their answers from the questionnaire correspond with theories and previous research. The principal reason why people throw away food is bad planning of food purchase. The inhabitants have "bad conscience" when they waste food and they also think that too much food is thrown away. Though, "bad conscience" does not mean that the person actually stops throwing food away or tries to find out if the product can be used. These conclusions show that the inhabitants' attitude and behavior do not always hang together.

  • 26.
    Bjuvhammar, Kicki
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Barns tankar om livets början: Children’s thoughts about the beginning of life2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet var att få en inblick i barn uppfattningar om livets början, hur och var barn blir till. För att få svar på detta intervjuades 19 barn i åldrarna 3 och 5 år på tre olika förskolor i Mellansverige. Barnen fick svara på frågorna: ”Var kommer bebisar ifrån?” och ”Hur blir bebisar till?”. Intervjuerna dokumenterades med hjälp av penna, papper och stöd av en bandspelare, lyssnades av och kompletterades. Svaren blev sedan analyserade och kategoriserade. Resultaten visade att barnen hade olika uppfattningar om livets början. Barnen svarade att bebisarna kommer ifrån magen, rumpan eller sjukhuset och att bebisar blir till genom att man äter mycket mat, att det är likt något annat fenomen eller att en process äger rum som liknar den verkliga. Det resultat som framkommit i det här arbetet kan inte generaliseras med alla 3 och 5 åringar, utan bara de barn som deltog i intervjuerna.

  • 27.
    Bjärnered, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Evenemangsstaden Karlstad: en kvalitativ studie om att gemensamt skapa en positiv image genom evenemang2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Björklund, Emil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Läroböckers förmedling av politiskt deltagande: En kvalitativ textanalys om förmedlingen av politiskt deltagande i fyra läroböcker för samhällskunskap 1a1 och 1b i den svenska gymnasieskolan2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is examining the textbooks adapted for the basic courses in social studies in Swedish upper secondary school, in order to examine the descriptions of political participation. The aim is to investigate if the textbooks encourage political participation. Additional aims are to investigate whether the textbooks focus on some form of political participation, and if there is any difference between the textbooks for the practical and the theoretical programs. Previous research and theory generated in an analytical model. The analytical model contains four fields: parliamentary collective political participation, parliamentary individual political participation, non-parliamentary collective political participation and individual non-parliamentary participation. Based on the four fields, a qualitative content-analysis has been conducted. The textbooks, two for the practical program and two for the theoretical program, have subsequently been analyzed separately and finally compared. The result shows that the textbooks largely encourage political participation. Further results show that the textbooks have a collective and parliamentary focus on political participation. Additionally, the analysis showed that the textbooks for the practical programs presented a more nuanced view of political participation than the textbooks on the theoretical programs did. However, the result was that all the textbooks presented a relatively narrow view on political participation.

  • 29.
    Björn, Camilla
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Olsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Äldre, hemtjänst och genus: En studie i skillnader mellan äldre kvinnor och mäns upplevelser och erfarenheter i samband med hjälp från kommunal hemtjänst.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of our study was to examine differences in experiences between elderly women and men from the home–help service. It’s a qualitative study based on interviews and data collection.

    Five categories are presented in the result of the study. The categories are based on interviews with three elderly women and three elderly men who all have home–help service. In our study focus have been put into gender in aspect of man as normality in society, the contract between gender and aspects of power between genders at home. The result of the study indicate that the contract between gender is strongly socialized among the respondents and constitute a big part of their identity.

    The study show that women experience of home–help service are significantly different from men. They feel a larger dependence in connection of home – help service, but at the same time they also feel relief to be released from some of the work at home. In connection with home – help service women change their social position as a affect of the help, women go from caregivers to caretakers. Men have always been care takers, possibly now the care giver have changed shape.

  • 30.
    Blom, Thomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Kopior med turistiskt attraktionsvärde2017In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. 75, no 3, p. 114-118Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Bo-Jacob, Enquist
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Can stakeholder partnerships in a civil regulated environmental practice, create sustainability?: The phenomenon of Forest Stewardship Council meets practice in Sveaskog and IKEA.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Forest Stewardship council (FSC) is a good example of a civil regulated environmental labelling-initiative. It is also an arena for different organisations interesting in sustainable forestry to work and handle forestry issues. FSC has allowed many private initiatives to move ahead of poor national and international environmental legislation. Instead they have turned towards the market with consumer pressure and in co-operation with companies. The sustainable forestry initiative has become a part of organisations’ ‘Environmental Responsibility’ which is a part of their ‘Corporate Social Responsibility’ (CSR) work. The aim of my thesis is to describe the phenomenon of FSC, both practically and theoretically, from a stakeholder approach. I have picked out two companies which are heavily involved in the FSC practice, IKEA and Sveaskog. The two companies are important players in shaping and developing FSC. The different practices are handled as two separate case-studies. A third case-study explores FSC both on national and international basis. The following research question will be answered: From a stakeholder view, how does FSC works in practice? To describe these three forestry practices is a contribution in itself. I will also use an analysing tool inspired by stakeholder theory to make the studies’ stakeholder partnerships as clear as possible. With the knowledge exposed in answering the first question I will further ask: Can stakeholder partnerships in a civil regulated environmental practice, create sustainability? Kemp’s (2005) five dimensions for sustainability improve the understanding. Every dimension will be followed by an interpretation from my forestry practice in the previous chapter. Both IKEA and Sveaskog drives an ambitious work to create sustainable business, which will be analysed through an ethical-, social-, nature-philosophic-, economic- and legal perspective of the sustainability concept.

    The thesis is analysed by an explorative methodological approach with qualitative data, since it best can encapsulate the essence of the complexity which constitutes the answers to the research questions. Each case study will be described in separate texts which make up multiple realities mentally constructed by ourselves.

    The analysis shows, both for Sveaskog and IKEA, that stakeholder partnerships generate a number of things. The partnerships generate constructive interaction where new and experienced ideas are born; obligations, processes and responsibilities for their stakeholder engagement; and environmental and social benefits in terms of FSC and other civil regulations and what environmental and social benefits the work leads to. But my description and analysis of the practice and the stakeholder analysis do not answer the general question of the thesis: Can stakeholder partnerships create sustainability?

    When going through the critical voices from the five dimensions of sustainability, the task of creating sustainability seems to be impossible. I have confronted the five dimensions with environmental and social responsibility practice in Sveaskog and IKEA, and found substantial efforts in each and every dimension of sustainability. This practical work seems hopeful, whether there is sustainability or not, a serious ambition and extensive goals sometimes makes a difference.

  • 32.
    Borda, Karla
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Carlsson, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how a small group of elderly people in the third age might experience their own aging from three investigation questions: how they experienced their individual aging, what a good life means and how they considered growing old in today’s society. One underlying cause of the research was to see if these people saw themselves affected by attitudes in today’s society in relation to their age. For this study were selected active retirees, who were members of a pensioner’s organization. To get the questions answered we applied a qualitative method with a phenomenological attempt. Four separated interviews were used with two male and two female retirees in the ages from 70 to 79 years old. The interviews were partly centered on the three investigation questions and the interviews were constructed in the form of a conversation. The result showed us that especially the people that we investigated led a very mentally and physical active life, were healthy, had a rich social network, were engaged in societies and were well being. The way the retirees experienced their own age varied depending on their individual contexts and state of health. A good life for them consisted in maintaining healthy, having good friends and staying busy. To grow older in today’s society was experienced by them by time passing very quick, safety in the society and a decent living, but there occurred signs on phenomenon that could indicate discrimination due to age, which is ageism.

  • 33.
    Burman, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Att vara efterklok på förhand: En kvalitativ studie om hur man ser på krisplaner inom den privata sektorn2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kriser och allvarliga händelser sker på svenska företag varje år. Krisplanernas förekomst inom privata företag är låg jämfört med den offentliga sektorn, vilket kan medföra att kriberedskapen hos privata företag inte är så god som den skulle kunna vara. Syftet med denna studie är att fånga uppfattningen av hur man på olika nivåer i privata företag beskriver förekomst, användande och implementering av krisplaner. De roller som studien undersöker är chef, mellanchef samt medarbetare. Totalt har sju stycken kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts och analyserats utifrån innehållsanalys med meningsbärande enheter, koder och kategorier. Resultatet i studien visar att användning och framkomst av krisplaner skiljer sig mellan företagen. Den största skillnaden syns dock utifrån företagets storlek och antal anställda, då bland annat ekonomi och juridik styr prioritering av säkerhetsarbetet. Även företagets risknivåer påverkar inställningen till att arbeta med krisplaner, då vissa branscher ses som mer skadedrabbade än andra.

  • 34.
    Burman, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Plötsligt händer det: En kvalitativ studie om krishantering inom den privata sektorn2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dödsfall, arbetsplatsolyckor, hot och våld. Alla är de exempel på kriser som inträffar på svenska företag varje år. Dessa händelser ställer krav på att företagen har en organisation och struktur för att klara av att hantera kriserna och för att minska verkningarna av dem. Krishantering är ett samlingsbegrepp för hur man systematiskt arbetar för att minska krisens omfattning, både före, under och efter att den har inträffat. Syftet med att använda krishantering är att företagen skall kunna förebygga att allvarliga händelser inträffar och att hantera dem på ett effektivt sätt.

      Ungefär sju av tio svenska företag har idag etablerad krisberedskap som gör att de klarar av att hantera kriser och olyckor, men lagstiftningen ställer krav att alla företag skall planera och organisera krisstöd och krishantering oavsett verksamhetsområde och bransch.

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur chefer i privata företag beskriver krishantering inom sina verksamheter och hur man ser på prioritering av krishanteringen. Studien undersöker även huruvida det anses viktigt med utbildning för att skapa förutsättningar för att bedriva ett gott krishanteringsarbete. Totalt har fyra stycken kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts med chefer i privata företag och organisationer. Intervjuerna har sedan analyserats utifrån innehållsanalys med meningsbärande enheter, koder, kategorier samt underkategorier.

     Resultatet i studien påvisar stora skillnader mellan större och mindre företag, där de större företagen har etablerade krisorganisationer med rutiner och arbetssätt som gör att de på ett effektivt sätt kan hantera allvarliga händelser. De mindre företagen saknar krisberedskap helt och hållet och saknar många gånger information och kunskap om hur de skall tolka och applicera lagtext på området.

  • 35.
    Bäcklund, Linnéa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Förskollärares syn på delaktighet och inflytande i verksamheten: En jämförande studie i sydafrikansk och svensk förskola2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Christiansson, Ahrne
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Löfvander, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Stridh, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Kunskapsöverföring i mellankommunala projekt: Fallstudie av Kompetensare och Kompetensare 2.02014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies and organizations use project as a way to organize work. Projects have both advantages and disadvantages in terms of knowledge transfer. Knowledge and skill are a large part of the assets of many of today's organizations. Knowledge transfer is important for the reason that it enables employees to make use of old solutions to new problems. The purpose of this paper is to look at the transfer of knowledge between municipal projects by studying the two projects Kompetensare and Kompetensare 2.0. Kompetensare 2.0 is an inter-municipal project from 10 different municipalities with the task to implement the model of Kompetensare. In the absence of models for knowledge transfer between municipal projects we use an existing model for knowledge transfer within enterprises and see if it is applicable even for municipal projects. We use Tell’s and Söderlund's model of learning organizations (see theoretical part) and intends to investigate whether Tell and Söderlund's model can be used to analyze the type of knowledge that has been transferred, see Figure 3, and the consequences. We conduct interviews with project managers and senior project manager and report our results from these in the form of analysis schedules and go through the different knowledge transfer processes described by Tell and Söderlunds and also knowledge transfer processes that they do not take up. Tell and Söderlunds matrix for knowledge is applicable in that it can describe the knowledge transfer processes that have occurred in Kompetensare 2.0. The studied knowledge transfer shows that the conscious knowledge that has become institutionalized knowledge than has been objectified knowledge of institutional knowledge and this differs from Tell and Söderlund's model. One possible explanation is that the amount of objectified knowledge was relatively small compared to the amount of conscious knowledge. Another explanation is that Kompetensare 2.0 is a relatively small project where all project managers know each other and meet regularly in person. Tell and Söderlund's model is not a comprehensive model but as a theoretical framework that can make more efficient knowledge transfer between projects. In Kompetensare 2.0 shows it clearly on both the shortcomings and possible improvements in the transfer of knowledge but also the type of knowledge that have worked well in Kompetensare 2.0. The model is particularly relevant since there is currently no theoretical model for knowledge transfer from and to the sub-projects in Kompetensare 2.0.

  • 37.
    Cook, Hugh
    et al.
    Univ Leeds, Sch Business, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    MacKenzie, Robert
    Karlstad University.
    Forde, Christopher
    Univ Leeds, Sch Business, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    HRM and performance: the vulnerability of soft HRM practices during recession and retrenchment2016In: Human Resource Management Journal, ISSN 0954-5395, E-ISSN 1748-8583, ISSN 0954-5395, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 557-571Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This multi-method case explores how change in HRM implementation can impact performance metrics in a recessionary climate. Qualitative HR outcome data are mapped against financial metrics to explore adoption of hard-line HRM practices in a major UK retailer. Despite record profits throughout the recession, the organisation responded strategically to worsening conditions in the labour market, firstly to maintain operational flexibility, but then to opportunistically enlarge jobs and intensify work to help achieve immediate gains in financial metrics, including a gain of 37 per cent in profit per employee over 3 years. These gains were achieved by derailing commitment-based approaches to HRM, pointing towards the vulnerability of soft HRM systems during times of austerity or retrenchment.

    The full text will be freely available from 2018-11-01 09:00
  • 38.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Lückner, Annelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Enhetschefens dubbla roll: Synen på och hanteringen av motsättningar mellan AML och SoL2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to describe and gain a deeper insight in the dual role of the unit managers and their practical work situations in terms of applying and managing the work environment act as well as the social services act and possible oppositions between the two.

    The following research questions have been formulated for the subject:

    • Which are the tasks and responsibilities of the unit managers and which factors determine these?

    • What is the opinion of the unit managers, in terms of their dual role, towards the work environment act as well as the social services act?

    • How is the opposition in the work environment act and the social services act dealt with by the unit managers?

    The research is of qualitative nature based on an interview study in which six unit managers within the geriatric care participated. In order to analyze the outcome a coding system was used, which resulted in the different categories and themes under which the outcome is presented. The outcome of the research indicates that the work environment act and the social services act are the base for the work of the unit managers, the laws permeate the whole unit as they are used as tools in order to reach solutions to oppositions. The unit managers consider the management of the two acts as a natural task in their work and they do not, in general, perceive the management of the acts as problematic. The possible problematic and difficult areas are the issues, which can be said to be in the grey zone between different acts, and it is the responsibility of the unit managers to solve these difficulties. The outcome of the research is strongly showing that the unit managers are focused on HOW the task should be performed and difficulties solved rather then WHAT they should be doing. Oppositions are solved through cooperation between the involved parties and it is the unit managers who have the coordinating role. The work environment act and the social services act are regarded equally important but nevertheless the latter is prioritized in practice since it is necessary to fulfill the needs of the users.

  • 39. Davidsson, Åsa
    Framgångsfaktorer och barriärer vid integrering av klimatanpassning i  kommunal RSA: En undersökning av Värmlands småkommuner2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The climate change is confirmed. Even if greenhouse gas emissions were greatly reduced, it would still not be sufficient to completely prevent the ongoing climate change. This change means that extreme weather will occur more frequently, but with geographical differences. Moving toward the end of the century, in Värmland it is expected that the current ten-year rain cycle will change to a cycle spanning five years. Vänern will be one of the largest flood risks.

    How these changes affect society varies according to social structure and vulnerabilities. Adapting to the new circumstances is necessary, and great responsibility rests on our municipalities following the distribution of responsibility that exists for municipalities in Sweden. The conditions for implementing adaptation measures vary, as well as how far the work has come. One way to integrate climate adaptation of risk management to reduce the vulnerability of society, is that municipalities make use of their risk and vulnerability analysis (RVA). This, however, is associated with some barriers.

    Interviews were conducted with eleven municipalities in Värmland and as well as a briefing of all municipal RVA from 2015 to 2018 to identify the success factors and barriers to integration. Also investigated is whether the municipalities are requesting tools for this work.

    The results showed that six municipalities, though in varying degrees, have included climate adaptation in RSA. A clear increase compared to the previous year's RSA. Additionally, success factors, barriers and requests for further development of this approach appear.

    This investigation may show that a relationship exists between climate adaptation in RVA occurred and if the municipality is affected by a natural disaster. Also shown is that cooperation between municipalities in the preparation can lead to municipalities that have not previously suffered from a hazard, choose to climate adapt RVA by interacting with those who have. To aid in further work with RSA, an extended regional cooperation is desired by all interviewed municipalities as well as any kind of guide or guidelines, for example, on a regional level.

  • 40.
    Didner, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Från policy till verklighet: Projektledares upplevda förutsättningar att integrera hållbarhet i projekt.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Projekt utgör en stor del av den globala produktionen och både ledning och medarbetare måste ha kompetens och vilja att sträva mot hållbar utveckling. Uppsatsens syfte är att belysa projektledares upplevda förutsättningar för att kunna implementera företagets hållbarhetspolicy i sina projekt.

    Undersökningen har skett genom diskursanalys av fyra företags hållbarhetspolicys samt intervjuer med projektledare på dessa företag. Företagen är vinstdrivande med en tydlig hållbarhetsprofil. Det teoretiska ramverket utgörs av hållbar projektledning.

    Resultatet visar att hur företagen väljer att kommunicera sin hållbarhetspolicy spelar roll för hur den används. Att rikta kommunikationen till mänskliga faktorer har visat sig vara mer framgångsrikt sett till hur projektledarna tar policyn till sig, gentemot rak information som inte har samma genomslagskraft. Det har också visat sig mer fördelaktigt för företagen att använda sina projekt för att integrera hållbarhet i linjeorganisationen snarare än att integrera hållbarhet från linjeorganisationen ut i projekten.

    Projektledarna har svårt att se sin egen roll för att gå mot en hållbar utveckling. De ramar in sig själva i organisationen och missar sin egen roll ur ett samhällsperspektiv. Dessutom är hållbarhetsfrågor något som de lägger över på sakkunniga och därför inte reflekterar över så mycket själva. De utgår från att någon annan redan har tagit ansvar.

  • 41.
    Ebbesson, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Utemiljöns betydelse för små barns utveckling och lärande2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study concentrates on which significance the pre-school’s yard and the outdoor environment has and how it influence the young children regarding their development and learning. The study is carried out through observations of the children complimented by interviews of them. The results show that children’s outdoor environment is important for their development of mobility, language, social competence and learning about nature. Young children best utilize new knowledge by using their senses; feeling, tasting, hearing and seeing, at their own pace. That is the reason why it is important for young children to play daily in their nearby outdoor environment.

  • 42.
    Echeverri, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Navigating Multi-modal Public Transport Systems: Real time perceptions of processual usability using video methodology2012In: TRANSPORT RESEARCH ARENA 2012, Elsevier, 2012, p. 2211-2220Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collection of data of customer processes are difficult, due to its dynamic and complex nature. This study reports on some initial findings using a video-based methodology in collecting naturally occurring visual data of travellers using different modes of transport (bus, tram, train, boat, subway) in Stockholm City. The study involves able-bodied and disabled travellers (customers) and identifies environmental and processual factors that are critical for the passengers handling multimodal door-to-door trips. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of the Programme Committee of the Transport Research Arena 2012

  • 43.
    Edebalk, Per Gunnar
    Lunds universitet.
    Arbetsgivarna, sjukförsäkringen och sjuklönen - en historik2010In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 27-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigt antog Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen (SAF) principen att företag inte skulle konkurrera med sociala förmåner på arbetsmarknaden. SAF ställde sig positiv till den allmänna sjukförsäkring som infördes i Sverige 1955. Systemet innehöll självrisker, något som SAF såg som nödvändigt inom en sjukförsäkring. Utvecklingen fram till 1990 innebar att avtalslösningar hade eliminerat alla självrisker. För att skärpa kontrollen hade SAF börjat förorda lagenlig sjuklön. I början av 1990-talet infördes både sjuklön och självrisker i det allmänna systemet. Detta var helt i enlighet med SAFs åsikter.

  • 44.
    Ekeberg, Caroline
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Ekeroth, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    "Det tar tid att bli Svensson": En kvalitativ undersökning av vad tidigare drogmissbrukare behöver för att förbli drogfria2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Issues related to drug abuse and drug abusers are debated in society. Often the debate is done in combination with economic aspects. Addicts as a group is debilitating to society and often hear opinions on how best to resolve. Our intention with the survey is to illustrate the problem with an inside perspective on the development of an otherwise fairly one-sided debate.

    The survey is based on interviews with people who themselves were drug addicts. We chose to investigate the post-break point and have no interest in us for their active addiction or how and why they broke away from drugs. The purpose of this study is to examine what makes it possible to maintain a drug-free. This has been highlighted on the basis of questions: "What do people with personal experience of drug abuse that they needed help to stay drug-free", and "what factors like former drug addicts have contributed to those able to maintain drug-free?"

    We have chosen to analyze our empirical data by the theoretical concepts of change, network and identity. The result shows that this group has great needs that need attention by society and the social protection system. The social network surrounding the person is a factor that plays a significant function, as well as a functional activity that gives the person the opportunity to develop on several levels. Those people also need understanding and support in various forms and they need above all plenty of time to implement its comprehensive change at their own pace.

    Keyword: Change, Network, Employment, Identity, Drug-free, Needs

  • 45.
    Ekermo Karlsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    We'll Get What We'll Get: Perspectives on Trust Building Between Professional and Volunteer Crisis Response Assets.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish crisis management system relies strongly on collaboration. Collaboration is even declared within official documents as an obligation when preparing for and acting upon a crisis event. Collaborating can bring powerful positive effects on crisis response efforts such as an increased workforce, sharing of resources and dissemination of risks. But collaboration is hard and depends on the existence of a series of components to be effective. One such component is the presence of trust between collaborative partners.

    Due to what appears to be a growing intensity in volunteer engagements within the Swedish crisis response system, issues of professional-volunteer collaboration become increasingly interesting. Volunteer adds a variety of benefits to a crisis operation, but also brings certain difficulties into the collaboration.

    This paper has used semi-structured interviews in order to explored determinants of trust building between professionals and volunteers organized in the FRG format. By using a qualitative content analysis approach and incorporating identified themes into a novel tentative theoretical model, it is shown that operative trust between professionals and volunteers are highly dependent on simulation exercises as well as personal and cultural familiarity.

  • 46.
    Ekman, Maria
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Eriksson, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Shoppingturism: Gekås Ullared2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Shoppingturismen i Sverige är en stadigt växande genre inom turismen och i Sverige är shoppingdestinationen Gekås Ullared ett av de populäraste resmålen bland shoppingturisterna.

    Denna uppsats behandlar shoppingturismen med inriktning på destinationen Ullared. Syftet med uppsatsen är att bidra med en förståelse till varför turister väljer att åka till Gekås Ullared samt att ta reda på vem det är som besöker Gekås. För att uppnå syftet har vi använt oss av kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod för att få en stark validitet. Ansatserna för uppsatsen är hermeneutisk med sitt kvalitativa inslag samt positivistisk med dess kvantitativa inslag. Den kvantitativa delen består av en enkätundersökning med Gekås kunder. För den kvalitativa metoden har vi utfört en telefonintervju med Gekås koncern VD Boris Lennerhov.

    Tv-serien Ullareds popularitet har lett till att Gekås fått en kundtillströmning med 1500 – 2000 kunder per dag. De två mycket omtyckta karaktärerna Morgan och Ola-Conny från tv-serien Ullared har fått sitt egna reseprogram och har därmed blivit två starka profiler för Gekås. Resultatet utifrån våra undersökningar visar att det är viktigt att fokusera på företagets helhet där faktorerna bemötande, värdskap, produkter, priser och boende ingår. Detta för att Gekås kunder ska få en bra upplevelse när de besöker destinationen.

    Det finns flera olika skäl till varför människor väljer att besöka Gekås, exempelvis upplevelse, gemenskap och en rolig utflykt. Kunderna upplever att Gekås är billigt med ett bra sortiment och att kunderna känner en gemenskap inne i varuhuset. Den vanligaste kvinnliga kunden är 51 år och har besökt varuhuset sammanlagt 5-10 gånger. Den typiska manliga kunden är 63 år och har besökt varuhuset 1-4 gånger. Både den kvinnliga och manliga kunden åker som sällskap.  

  • 47.
    Ekström, Mathias
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Akhundov, Hamid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Mediebilden av Sverige i USA: En kritisk diskursanalys av den förmedlade bilden avSverige i New York Times och Washington Post2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the international image of Sweden, which was conveyed in printed media in the United States, was investigated. The purpose of the work was to investigate how the image of Sweden is conveyed in American media and how it is perceived by citizens from the United States in Sweden. To answer these questions, the media image of Sweden in the Washington Post and the New York Times was investigated and analysed through the use of critical discourse analysis. The selection of the articles was conducted using "discursive moments", which means that, for example, political events have changed or affected the discourse in the media. Through critical discourse analysis of the articles, it was identified how Sweden was mediated and represented, after which each article was encoded, based on its content, in six different categories, including politics and crime. In addition, an interview study was conducted with two US citizens who were in Sweden, who in this work are called "ambassadors for the image of Sweden in the United States" (in this study, only ambassadors). Finally, a supplementary expert interview was conducted with Henrik Selin, director of the Swedish Institute's Intercultural Dialogue Department, to get an additional perspective about Sweden's image.

    The earlier research that has been analysed and used in this work has identified countries' image as a mental network. That the image of a country can assume the form of fishnet, where many different events and opinions are mixed up and then a uniform image of a country is crystallized from each individual. In addition, it emerged that the image of countries for individuals is to some extent shaped by what the media reports, which in turn affects the willingness to visit the countries that have been attracted in the media. Through the critical discourse analysis and the discursive moments that were used, it emerged that Sweden is largely communicated in a neutral and professional manner, and when it is tendentious, it is mostly positive. During the discursive moments that was analysed, a lot of reports were reported on political subjects and crime related to Sweden. Through the interview study conducted with Henrik Selin, it was found that individuals, generally speaking, do not have a clear image of Sweden, but the image is fragmented. This was also evident by the ambassadors interviewed. They noted that there is some kind of "information bubble" about Sweden being repeated, with information that can be perceived as being out of date. The study found that the images of Sweden in the Washington Post and the New York Times, as well as with the ambassadors interviewed, are neutral. It was also found that journalists in the investigated papers usually have taken a defensive position to Sweden's advantage, where Sweden is often seen in a positive view and as a role model in comparison with the United States and other countries.

  • 48.
    Enquist, Bo-Jacob
    Karlstad University, Division for Environmental Sciences.
    Can stakeholder partnerships in a civil regulated environmental practice, create sustainability?: The phenomenon of Forest Stewardship Council meets practice in Sveaskog and IKEA2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Forest Stewardship council (FSC) is a good example of a civil regulated environmental labelling-initiative. It is also an arena for different organisations interesting in sustainable forestry to work and handle forestry issues. FSC has allowed many private initiatives to move ahead of poor national and international environmental legislation. Instead they have turned towards the market with consumer pressure and in co-operation with companies. The sustainable forestry initiative has become a part of organisations’ ‘Environmental Responsibility’ which is a part of their ‘Corporate Social Responsibility’ (CSR) work. The aim of my thesis is to describe the phenomenon of FSC, both practically and theoretically, from a stakeholder approach. I have picked out two companies which are heavily involved in the FSC practice, IKEA and Sveaskog. The two companies are important players in shaping and developing FSC. The different practices are handled as two separate case-studies. A third case-study explores FSC both on national and international basis. The following research question will be answered: From a stakeholder view, how does FSC works in practice? To describe these three forestry practices is a contribution in itself. I will also use an analysing tool inspired by stakeholder theory to make the studies’ stakeholder partnerships as clear as possible. With the knowledge exposed in answering the first question I will further ask: Can stakeholder partnerships in a civil regulated environmental practice, create sustainability? Kemp’s (2005) five dimensions for sustainability improve the understanding. Every dimension will be followed by an interpretation from my forestry practice in the previous chapter. Both IKEA and Sveaskog drives an ambitious work to create sustainable business, which will be analysed through an ethical-, social-, nature-philosophic-, economic- and legal perspective of the sustainability concept.

    The thesis is analysed by an explorative methodological approach with qualitative data, since it best can encapsulate the essence of the complexity which constitutes the answers to the research questions. Each case study will be described in separate texts which make up multiple realities mentally constructed by ourselves.

    The analysis shows, both for Sveaskog and IKEA, that stakeholder partnerships generate a number of things. The partnerships generate constructive interaction where new and experienced ideas are born; obligations, processes and responsibilities for their stakeholder engagement; and environmental and social benefits in terms of FSC and other civil regulations and what environmental and social benefits the work leads to. But my description and analysis of the practice and the stakeholder analysis do not answer the general question of the thesis: Can stakeholder partnerships create sustainability?

    When going through the critical voices from the five dimensions of sustainability, the task of creating sustainability seems to be impossible. I have confronted the five dimensions with environmental and social responsibility practice in Sveaskog and IKEA, and found substantial efforts in each and every dimension of sustainability. This practical work seems hopeful, whether there is sustainability or not, a serious ambition and extensive goals sometimes makes a difference.

  • 49.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Division for Health and Caring Sciences.
    An analysis of the amount of training injuries, incidents and accidents in a population of mountain climbers and possible underlying couses2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 50. Ferm, Sebastian
    "Det kommer nog naturligt": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om samhällskunskapens inomämnesliga samspel2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the interaction within the social studies education through interviews with three upper secondary school teachers. The aim of the study is to examine how the disciplines of social studies interact in social studies education. Three social studies teachers are interviewed about how the disciplines of social studies interact in their education. The interviews are analyzed with an analytic tool consisting of five forms of subject interactions, pre-scientific, uniting, connecting, helping and recreating interactions. They are also analyzed with an analytic tool consisting of four subject didactic profiles, social studies as a subject of orientation, analysis, discussion and action. The result shows that the teachers do not plan for the disciplines of social studies to interact, but that interaction still takes place. The analysis shows that political science is the core of social studies interaction, but that economics and sociology as well as news interact within the social studies subject.

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