Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 96
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Adams, Paul C
    et al.
    University of Texas at Austin.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Communication Geography: A Bridge Between Disciplines2012In: Communication Theory, ISSN 1050-3293, E-ISSN 1468-2885, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 299-318Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Agneta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Invandrarkvinnor i Borlänge och Gemensamma Krafters betydelse för kvinnorna2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To end up as an immigrant in an unknown country and to try to participate in the majority society means both psychological and physical difficulties where their whole life is changing. Gemensamma Krafter is a prevention changing work in a housing area in Borlänge. It works among other things as a meeting place for people from different cultures. The aim with this study was to describe and to get increased understanding for the lives of a number of immigrant women who lives in Borlänge/Sweden and which importance “Gemensamma Krafter” has had for them. Eight women from Syria, Iraq, Turkey and Somalia were interviewed and the material was analyzed on the basis of categorisations of expressed meanings. The results show on a complex picture of these women’s lives in Borlänge. Their experience that Sweden is a safe country with a personal freedom without wars and with social rights as equal as other citizens is obvious but their experience of exclusion, discrimination and everyday racism is always present. The community with compatriots becomes important when one does not become accepted and participating in the majority society. It is in this community where the immigrant women strengthens their own identities and mobilizes the force to a future's faith on work, education and participation in the society. Gemensamma Krafter is described by the women as an oasis, a meeting place where they can be confirmed and accepted for the persons they are. Here they meet Swedish women and get an insight in their world. The study gives an increased knowledge and understanding for the lives of the immigrant women and the importance of natural meeting places in the local society.

  • 3.
    Arvidsson, Björn
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
    Lönnbring, Gunilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Stolare, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History.
    Förändringar och kontinuitet i vardagslivets Värmland2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien ingår i Karlstads universitets och fakultetens för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper satsning på mångvetenskaplig forskning om "uthålliga livsmiljöer och komplexa nätverk". Målet med fakultetens satsning är att stimulera forskning och samverkan mellan offentliga och privata aktörer så att Karlstads universitet effektivt kan bidra till och bli en motor i det långsiktigt hållbara utvecklingsarbetet i regionen.

    Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i intervjuer med några värmländska familjer om hur vardagen gestaltar sig idag, hur det såg ut historiskt och hur det kan tänkas se ut i framtiden. Intervjuerna kommenteras av forskare från olika ämnesområden. I mötet mellan forskare från olika ämnen och forskningstraditioner uppstår nya sätt att problematisera det komplicerade växelspelet mellan olika sektorer av vår tillvaro. Problemen kan omformuleras, nya möten och kontakter vänder invanda tankegångar mot nya och innovativa riktningar och beredskapen att möta framtida utmaningar såväl för forskare som för regionala aktörer stärks och uppgraderas. Förhoppningen är att studien ska fungera som en plattform för den viktiga diskussionen kring uthållig regional utveckling för kvinnor, män, barn och gamla och stimulera innovationer och forskning som garanterar en framtid där utveckling och tillväxt balanseras mot uthållig miljö för människor och natur.

  • 4. Baaz, Mikael
    et al.
    Lilja, Mona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. Sociologi.
    Vinthagen, Stellan
    Researching Resistance and Social Change: A Critical Approach to Theory and Practice2017Book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Belin, Matts-Åke
    et al.
    Trafikverket.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilsen, Per
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Nollvisioner – från idé till genomförande: Program för implementeringsforskning inom transportområdet2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med sina färre än 2.6 dödade/100,000 invånare är Sverige världsledande inom vägtrafiksäkerhet. Sverige har, genom riksdagens antagande av Nollvisionen år 1997, tydligt bundit sig för ett ambitiöst och framåtsträvande inriktat trafiksäkerhetsarbete (Trafikanalys 2015). Nollvisionen är inte bara ett långsiktigt mål som innebär att antalet dödade och allvarligt skadade till följd av trafikolyckor på sikt ska elimineras, utan även ett förhållningssätt angående hur trafiksäkerheten ska ökas. Nollvisionen skiljer sig i förhållande till ett mer traditionell trafiksäkerhetsarbete bland annat i sin holistiska systemsyn på trafiksäkerhetsproblemet, där samhället, industrin och akademin i samverkan spelar en väsentlig roll i möjligheten att åstadkomma långsiktigt hållbara förbättringar.

  • 6.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of the Physical School Environment: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using Swedish adolescent data2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    (1) Background: Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in the school environment.  Most adolescents are also subjected to compulsory school attendance, implying that they have to deal with the environment on a daily basis. In health research adolescent perceptions about the school environment are often linked to mental and psychosomatic health. However, measurements seems to be focused on psychosocial or psychological aspects of the school environment more often than physical.  

    (2) Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Adolescent Perceptions of the Physical School Environment by means of the Rasch model for ordered response categories.  

    (3) Sample: The analysis is based on the survey Young in Värmland which is a paper-and-pencil based survey, conducted recurrently since 1988 targeting all adolescent in school year 9 residing the county of Värmland, Sweden. So far, more than 20,000 individuals have participated in the survey. In the analysis presented here, five items based on adolescents’ perceptions of the physical school environment were subjected to analysis using RUMM2030, in total about 22,000 individuals.

    (4) Methods: A scale consisting of five polytomous items is analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the scale fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across sex.

    (5) Results: At a general level of analysis the scale subjected to analysis seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of the individuals, and showing no reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories work properly and as expected. Also, at a finer level of analysis focusing on DIF, the scale works fairly well, but with exceptions important in order to understand differences between boys and girls.  

    (6) Conclusions: Although the scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there is room for improvements. In particular the precision of measurement may be increased by improving the targeting through inclusion of additional items of appropriate severity.             

  • 7.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Sample size and Chi-Squared test of fit: A comparison between a random sample approach and a Chi-Square value adjustment method using Swedish adolescent data2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    (1) Background: Significance tests are commonly sensitive to sample size, and Chi-Squared statistics is not an exception. Nevertheless, Chi-Squared statistics are commonly used for test of fit of measurement models. Thus, for analysts working with very large (or very small) sample sizes this may require particular attention. However, several different approaches to handle a large sample size in test of fit analysis have been developed. Thus, one strategy may be to adjust the fit statistic to correspond to an equivalent sample of different size. This strategy has been implemented in the RUMM2030 software. Another strategy may be to adopt a random sample approach.

    (2) Aims: The RUMM2030 Chi-Square value adjustment facility has been available for a long time, but still there seems to a lack of studies describing the empirical consequences of adjusting a sample to a smaller effective sample in the statistical analysis of fit. Alternatively a random sample approach could be adopted in order to handle the large sample size problem. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare these two strategies as test of fit approximations, using Swedish adolescent data.  

    (3) Sample:The analysis is based on the survey Young in Värmland which is a paper-and-pencil based survey conducted recurrently since 1988 targeting all adolescent in school year 9 residing the county of Värmland, Sweden. So far, more than 20,000 individuals have participated in the survey. In the analysis presented here, seven items based on the adolescents, experiences of the psychosocial school environment were subjected to analysis, in total 21,088 individuals.

    (4) Methods: For the purposes of this study, the original sample size was adjusted to several different effective samples using the RUMM2030 adjustment function, in the test of fit analysis. In addition, 10 random samples for each sample size were drawn from the original sample, and averaged Chi-Square values calculated. The Chi-Square values obtained using the two strategies were compared.

    (5) Results: Given the original sample of 21,088, adjusting to samples of 5,000 or larger, the RUMM2030 adjustment facility work as well as a random sample approach. In contrast, when adjusting to lower samples the adjustment function is less effective in approximating the Chi-Square value for an actual random sample of the relevant size. Hence, fit is exaggerated and misfit under estimated using the adjustment function. However, that is true for fitting but not for misfitting items.   

    (6) Conclusion: Even though the inferences based on p-values may be the same despite big Chi-Square value differences between the two approaches, the danger of using fit statistics mechanically cannot be enough stressed.

  • 8.
    Bergqvist, Tuula
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Jakobsen, Liselotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Arbete i räddningstjänst, fritid och familj2012In: Jämställdhet, mångfald och svenska räddningstjänster: om föreställningar och förändringsviljor / [ed] Lars-Gunnar Engström, Liselotte Jakobsen & Clary Krekula, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, p. 49-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Bilker, Anna-Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Föräldrars syn på barns säkerhet: En kvalitativ studie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A paradigm shift is proposed in the literature regarding child safety, from keeping the children as safe as possible to keeping the children as safe as necessary. This could be a way to satisfy children’s need of challenges in order to thrive and their need for safety. In relation to such an ongoing change it is of value to investigate how parents, as guardians, perceive child safety at home and in preschool. The purpose of this study is to research parental perception of child safety in the home environment and childcare. The study is also concerned with how parents perceive their influence over the risks and risk assessments surrounding the children at home and in preschool. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with parents of preschool children and a qualitative content analysis was used. The results show that safety to a big extent is sees as protective measures to safeguard children from risk. Risks in the physical environment were discussed in relation to the home environment and preschool and psychological and social risks were discussed in relation to preschool, relationships amongst peers and the society. The parents see themselves as having a significant influence over risks in the home environment and to a lesser degree in relation to peers and preschool. Parents voice a constant need for balancing between safety, risks and other factors such as development, independence, and social acceptance. Adults constantly analyze risk to make appropriate decisions to safeguard the children. The informants describe supervision as crucial to keep children safe. To conclude, the results indicate a need for improved communication between parents and preschool staff regarding evaluations between safety and other factors, like development and positive challenges that help children to thrive. Suggestions for future research are given.

  • 10.
    Billig, Emma
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    André, Lima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Utformandet av en erfarenhetspolicy: En fallstudie på Volvo CE2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through an explorative case study, conducted at Volvo CE Arvika, the conditions for organizational learning have been examined in order to create a lesson learned policy, tailored to the company. Organizational learning is an essential area that should be viewed as a corner stone to continuous improvements as well as creating a competitive advantage that cannot be replicated.

    Several academics have contributed to the field of organizational learning, however, there is a lack of documented practical studies within the field. This thesis describes a company’s organizational learning based on Senges five disciplines (personal mastery, mental models, building a shared vision, team learning, and system thinking) and Garvin et al. three building blocks (supportive learning environment, concrete learning processes and practices, and leadership that reinforces learning) through an explorative case study. The method enabled the company’s organizational learning to be mapped with the exception of mental models which were not identified.

    This study resulted in 16 improvement proposals and a lesson learned policy consisting of:

    • Experience analysis: A document for the collection of experiences.
    • Experience wall: A tool for visualization to create an overview of the origin and character of the experiences gathered from a project.
    • File structure: In order to standardize the storage of documented experiences with an emphasis on availability.

    The description of the company's organizational learning and the developed lessoned learned policy are primarily of interest to the investigated company. The method used to map organizational learning in this case study can, with minor modifications, be used by other companies that can expect equivalent results. The lessoned learned policy resulting from the study can also be modified to suit other companies and it provides an example to benchmark on.

  • 11.
    Bladh, Gabriel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
    Det svenska friluftslivets geografi2012Report (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    När Vänern svämmade över: Händelseutveckling och konsekvenser av översvämningen 2000/20012010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mellan november 2000 och juni 2001 låg Vänerns vattennivå över sjöns dämningsgräns i nästan 6 månader. Situationen orsakades av en utdragen period med ovanligt stora nederbördsmängder över Vänerns tillrinningsområde mellan oktober och mitten av december 2000. Sjöns nivå ökade under denna period i genomsnitt med 2 cm per dygn. Översvämningsproblemen började uppstå längs den ca 2000 km långa kusten (utan öar) från mitten av november. När sjöns nivå kulminerade den 11 januari 2001 hade olika aktörer lyckats vidta omfattande åtgärder i de översvämningshotade områdena som skyddade samhällsviktiga funktioner såsom VA, transporter och elförsörjning, men även bostäder och industrianläggningar.

    I en genomgång av skador och konsekvenser i samband med översvämningen visade det sig inte oväntat att det främst är tangibla1 direkta och indirekta skador som är beskrivna i olika dokument och sammanställningar som har tagits fram inom olika sektorer. Uppföljningar av långsiktiga konsekvenser av översvämningen och beskrivningar av hur interaktionen mellan olika sektorer påverkades av Vänerns höga nivåer saknas däremot med några få undantag. Rapporten kan inte ge någon heltäckande bild av de ekonomiska konsekvenser som Väneröversvämningen 2000/2001 har lett till. För en del sektorer som lantbruk, yrkesfisket och de kommunala verksamheterna i de drabbade Vänerkommunerna kunde ekonomiska värderingar hittas medan de saknas för skogsbruket, delar av transportsektorn och industrierna. I rapporten görs en uppskattning av hushållens skador i Värmland med hjälp skadebeloppen som utbetalades av Länsförsäkringar Värmland i samband med Väneröversvämningen.

    Kommunerna utmed Vänerkusten fick omfattande skador på avlopps- och dagvattennäten och reningsverken. Kommunala, strandnära fritidsområden såsom fritidshamnar, campingplatser, badplatser och sjönära gång- och cykelvägar skadades i nästan alla berörda kommuner. Efter översvämningen gav regeringen kommunerna möjlighet att ansöka om bidrag för direkta fysiska skador och kostnader för förebyggande åtgärder, t ex temporära invallningar. 

    Studien genomfördes med syfte att kunna bevara, återföra och nyttja erfarenheter från översvämningen 2000-2001 inför och under kommande översvämningssituationer med likartade eller högre nivåer. Studien är en del i Centrum för klimat och säkerhets deltagande inom EU–projektet SAWA (Strategic Alliance for integrated Water management Actions) vars målsättning bl a är att utveckla planer för hantering av översvämningsrisker. Studien är det första steget av en sårbarhetsstudie i Vänern som kommer att utföras vid Centrum för klimat och säkerhet under åren 2010/2011.

  • 13.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety (from 2013).
    Compared with what?: Estimating the effects of injury prevention policies using the synthetic control method2018In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 24, p. I60-I66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction This paper discusses the application of the synthetic control method to injury-related interventions using aggregate data from public information systems. The method selects and determines the optimal control unit in the data by minimising the difference between the pre-intervention outcomes in one treated unit (eg, a state) and a weighted combination of potential control units. Method I demonstrate the synthetic control method by an application to Florida's post-2010 policy and law enforcement initiatives aimed at bringing down opioid overdose deaths. Using opioid-related mortality data for a panel of 46 states observed from 1999 to 2015, the analysis suggests that a weighted combination of Maine (46.1%), Pennsylvania (34.4%), Nevada (5.4%), Washington (5.3%), West Virginia (4.3%) and Oklahoma (3.4%) best predicts the preintervention trajectory of opioid-related deaths in Florida between 1999 and 2009. Model specification and placebo tests, as well as an iterative leave-k-out sensitivity analysis are used as falsification tests. Results The results indicate that the policies have decreased the incidence of opioid-related deaths in Florida by roughly 40% (or -6.19 deaths per 100.000 person-years) by 2015 compared with the evolution projected by the synthetic control unit. Sensitivity analyses yield an average estimate of -4.55 deaths per 100.000 person-years (2.5th percentile: -1.24, 97.5th percentile: -7.92). The estimated cumulative effect in terms of deaths prevented in the postperiod is 3705 (2.5th percentile: 1302, 97.5th percentile: 6412). Discussion Recommendations for practice, future research and potential pitfalls, especially concerning low-count data, are discussed. Replication codes for Stata are provided.

  • 14.
    Carbin, Maria
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Rönnblom, Malin
    Umeå universitet.
    Jämställdhet i akademin: En avpolitiserad politik2012In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 1/2, p. 77-97Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Caridà, A.
    et al.
    University ‘Magna Græcia’ of Catanzaro, Italy.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Colurcio, M.
    University ‘Magna Græcia’ of Catanzaro, Italy.
    Conceptualizing resource integration as an embedded process: Matching, resourcing and valuing2018In: Marketing Theory, ISSN 1470-5931, E-ISSN 1741-301XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The strong linkage between the creation of value and the actors’ resource-integrating efforts forces academics and practitioners to understand how value stems from resource integration (RI). This article analyses RI as an embedded process within the wider process of interactive value formation. The study is conceptual in nature and adopts a qualitative research approach and an empirical contextualization strategy. It provides a granular perspective on RI and proposes a framework that depicts RI as a process that shapes and results from a complex service context through a sequence of three phases: matching, resourcing and valuing. The article, particularly the suggested new framework, contributes to the extant literature on RI in service research; it reconceptualizes RI as process per se that is embedded in actors’ value co-creation efforts and offers the opportunity to reflect on this process as a fundamental enabler in value-creating service ecosystems.

  • 16.
    Carlsson Hansén, Anna
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Biståndets baksida – problematik och risker associerade med bistånd2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    FN påbörjade sina första biståndsprojekt för drygt 60 år sedan och i Sverige började man arbeta med organiserat bistånd under 60-talet. Det är alltså under relativt lång tid som världens rikare länder har försökt hjälpa de mindre rika länderna att utvecklas. Arbetet kring bistånd är dock mycket komplext och en hel del problem har uppstått under den här perioden.

    Den här uppsatsen syftar till att belysa några av de risker som kan uppstå i samband med biståndsarbetet. Att risker uppstår är inte speciellt konstigt då två (eller flera) länder med ofta mycket olika politiska system ska samarbeta, eftersom värdegrunderna kan skilja sig avsevärt.

    Resultatet har visat att dessa risker är svåra att hantera, vilket kan bero på olika faktorer som projektens omfattande storlek samt att givare och mottagare av bistånd inte alltid har samma uppfattning om hur biståndet bör användas. Resultatet har också visat att trots att man under en så pass lång period har arbetat aktivt med att utveckla och förbättra biståndsarbetet inte lyckats komma tillrätta med risker och problem som exempelvis korruption, ett problem som snarare tycks växa. Slutligen tyder resultatet också på att bistånd i vissa fall riskerar att göra mer skada än nytta, vilket visar på att arbetet kring bistånd måste förbättras avsevärt för att biståndet verkligen ska få de positiva följder som biståndsgivarna säger sig sträva efter.

  • 17.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    The Encapsulated vs. the Cosmopolitan Self? : Towards a Phenomenological Understanding of Mediatized Communication and Complicit Surveillance2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mediatization refers to a meta-process whereby social life in its totality is (re)embedded in and saturated with mediated processes. This paper addresses the relationship between two theoretically diverging, yet socially intertwined, realms pertaining to various mediatization patterns: cosmopolitanism and surveillance. Mediatization implies increasing opportunities for ‘extending the self’, experienced in terms of mediated proximity, immediacy and boundary transgression – ultimately sustaining a more cosmopolitan outlook of the world. Yet, mediatization also brings growing opportunities for securitization, boundary control and social encapsulation, on behalf of societal institutions as well as individuals and groups. Contemporary forms and extensions of surveillance and cosmopolitanism are increasingly interwoven through the meta-process of mediatization, most recently the social saturation of converging ‘social’ media. This paper suggests that phenomenology, as a heuristic tool, offers a well-contextualized and grounded socio-cultural perspective to grasp the everyday dimensions and subjective moral positionalities ensuing from increased mediatization and related openings and closures

  • 18. Edelman, Anna
    Hantering av översvämningsrisk i den fysiska planeringen: En fallstudie av kvarteret Kanoten i Karlstad och hamnområdet i Arvika2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Eide, Jorun
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Skjønsberg, Aud Kari
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Rusa på fysisk aktivitet?: Om fysisk aktivtet for rusmiddelmisbrukere i lokalsamfunnet2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Elmlund, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Är nya lagen om mobilförbud i trafiken effektiv?: -En kvantitativ enkätstudie om attityder bland unga bilförare.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Mobile use in traffic is a previously known problem, which in many cases contributes to accidents, injuries and deaths. The underlying factors for this behavior are something that is both interesting, important and above all necessary to investigate. To investigate younger drivers' attitudes in relation to the new law on mobile bans in traffic and if the law is considered effective, is the purpose of this degree project. As mobile usage is expected to increase in the future, this has been interesting to investigate. To investigate the study's question "Do young drivers experience that the new law on mobile traffic in traffic is efficient enough?" A questionnaire has been produced, mainly among individuals between the ages of 18-26 being given the opportunity to participate. The questionnaire was then analyzed to map and give an increased understanding of this problem. Relevant theories have been chosen in relation to the problematic framework of the behavior of individuals as well as awareness. The background, in turn, is based on credible facts about road safety linked to mobile usage in both time and space. The essay has a quantitative spirit of both method and analysis, the method has been based on questionnaires and the questionnaire has then been quantitatively investigated quantitatively in an analysis tool on the computer. The essay is based on different theoretical perspectives and well-known data focusing on mobile usage and traffic related behavior, which has been selected based on my own interests. It is also a general and important subject to study as the fact that a driver's driving awareness and distraction can quickly contribute to serious accidents, injuries and deaths. Legislation in relation to mobile use behind the wheel affects the population in general. How much a team really affects a driver's behavior will be investigated with a view to gaining in-depth understanding and knowledge, to see if the law actually is enough. The survey shows that the majority of younger drivers are aware of the existence of the new law and believe it will be effective, but more research will be required to see how effective the law will be in the long run.

  • 21.
    Eriksson, Bengt G
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    People with mental disabilities - a vulnerable group in the changing Europe2012In: Education and research on social inclusion in Europe: Taking stock of an experience / [ed] T. Neves, W. Bloemers, D. Johnstone, A.M. Magalhaes, & L. Cutileiro, Livpsic , 2012, p. 71-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Eriksson, Bengt G
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ishida, Shinji
    Osaka Prefecture University.
    Ishibashi, Masahiro
    Osaka Kyoiku University.
    Iwakiri, Masahiro
    Osaka Kyoiku University.
    Kuusela, Kirsti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Nimonji, Masaaki
    Osaka Kyoiku University.
    Normalization and mental health support: a comparative study on day-activity facilities for people with mental disabilities in Japan and Sweden2012In: Journal of Comparative Social Welfare, ISSN 1748-6831, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 23-34Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety. Bonn University.
    Participation in Flood risk Management: An introduction and recommendations for implementation2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Involving interested parties in Flood Risk Management is a crucial and challenging issue. The implementation of the European Flood Directive requires the active participation of stakeholders. But how can this be achieved successfully? This publication gives a brief overview of participation issues in Flood Risk Management in order to prepare for and to assist participatory processes. It provides a synopsis of key issues, findings of literature research and project results in (public) participation in the field of water and flood risk management. 

    The focus here is on general aspects of (public) participation. This publication describes an understanding of what participation is and gives some definitions of relevant terms. Furthermore the question “why is participation important?” is considered and reasons for and against participation and potential barriers are described. Guidelines for the key questions that should be addressed before a participation process is started are offered and different working steps are explained. Finally, some examples of methods and tools for participation are described.

    However, this short description can only give an overview and orientation of this broad field. In fact, each project and process has to be adapted to the respective situation and conditions. Nevertheless, this brochure might contribute to the participatory process in Flood Risk Management and help to involve interested parties as required by the EU Floods Directive.

  • 24.
    Findsrud, Rolf Gunnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Tronvoll, Bård
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Motivation: The missing driver for theorizing about resource integration2018In: Marketing Theory, ISSN 1470-5931, E-ISSN 1741-301XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resource integration is vital to value co-creation. However, most research focuses on competencies as enablers of resource integration and the social aspects that guide them. Based on a literature review of resource integration and motivation theories, this article proposes including motivation as a driver of resource integration and integrating concepts from motivation theories into the resource integration process. This approach extends the understanding and conceptualization of actors’ resource integration processes, such that motivation determines the direction, intensity, and persistence of effort. When they engage in behavioral and cognitive activities, actors interact with resources, which informs the actors and influences their competences and motivation. Accordingly, motivation is central for a clear understanding of the psychological mechanisms of resource integration processes, as motivation expands the explanatory power of sociological factors by including intensity and persistence.

  • 25.
    Fischer-Hübner, Simone
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Martucci, Leonardo A.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Privacy in Social Collective Intelligence Systems2014In: Social Collective Intelligence: Combining the Powers of Humans and Machines to Build a Smarter Society / [ed] Miorandi, D., Maltese, V., Rovatsos, M., Nijholt, A., Stewart, J., Switzerland: Springer, 2014, 1, p. 105-124Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of Social Collective Intelligent Systems (SCIS) on the individual right of privacy is discussed in this chapter under the light of the relevant privacy principles of the European Data Protection Legal Framework and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Privacy Guidelines. This chapter analyzes the impact and limits of profiling, provenance and reputation on the right of privacy and review the legal privacy protection for profiles. From the technical perspective, we discuss opportunities and challenges for designing privacy-preserving systems for SCIS concerning collectives and decentralized systems. Furthermore, we present a selection of privacy-enhancing technologies that are relevant for SCIS: anonymous credentials, transparency-enhancing tools and the PrimeLife Policy Language. Finally, we discuss how these technologies can help to enforce the main legal principles of the European Data Protection Legal Framework, and argue how provenance and reputation can be designed in a privacy preserving manner.

  • 26.
    Ford, Robert C
    et al.
    University of Central Florida .
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Dickson, Duncan
    University of Central Florida .
    Enquist, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Managing the innovation co-creation challenge: Lessons from service exemplars Disney and IKEA2012In: Organizational Dynamics, ISSN 0090-2616, E-ISSN 1873-3530, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 281-290Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Franssen, Gaston
    et al.
    University of Amsterdam.
    van Geelen, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital of the University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Self-management as management of the self: Future directions for healthcare and the promotion of mental health2017In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 179-184Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Grahn, Tonje
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Nyberg, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Damage assessment of lake floods: Insured damage to private property during two lake floods in Sweden 2000/20012014In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 10, p. 305-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses empirical data on the direct damage impact of lake floods using insurance claims for 195 private buildings. A relationship between lake water levels and insurance payments is established, but the estimated economic effects are small. Building damage also occurs in fringe areas that are not reached by surface water, which indicates a complex interplay between several factors influencing the degree of damage. Large lake floods occur over an extended time span (months). Their duration, as well as possible wind effects, should be taken into account in flood risk assessment. The slow onset of lake floods facilitates implementation of private damage-reducing measures in addition to public mitigation efforts. Private damage-reducing measures decrease the risk of structural damage to buildings, easing recovery for homeowners and society as a whole. Insurance companies can gain from investing in public flood awareness programmes and by providing information to their insurance holders on how to reduce property vulnerability in emergency situations.

  • 29.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Fombelle, Paul
    NorthEastern University.
    Witell, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Unlearning Innovation and Learning Service Innovation!2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Skoog, Thérese
    Örebro universitet.
    Podlog, Leslie
    University of Utah.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hope and athlete burnout: Stress and affect as mediators2013In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    In this study we examined the relationship between trait hope and burnout in elite junior soccer players and whether stress and positive and negative affect mediated this relationship.

    Methods

    Participants were 238 Swedish soccer players (166 males, 71 females; one did not indicate gender) aged 15–19 years who completed questionnaires measuring trait hope, perceived stress, positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout (i.e., emotional/physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation).

    Results

    Bivariate correlations were consistent with hope theory contentions indicating significant negative relationships between hope and all three burnout dimensions. The relationship between hope and emotional/physical exhaustion was fully mediated by stress and positive affect. For sport devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment, stress and positive affect partially mediated the relationship with hope. In contrast, negative affect did not mediate the relationship between hope and any of the burnout dimensions.

    Conclusion

    The results support earlier findings that hope is negatively related to athlete burnout. Support was also found for the hypothesis that high hope individuals would experience less stress and therefore less burnout. Promoting hope may be relevant in reducing the likelihood of this detrimental syndrome.

  • 31.
    Gustafsson, Linde
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Eklund, Kevin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Men Moçambique då?: En studie i varför Moçambique inte finns med i svenska charterarrangörers produktutbud2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka vad som föranlett att Moçambique inte finns med i svenska charterarrangörers produktutbud. För att undersöka detta närmare, har följande tre frågeställningar utformats; Vilka är de grundläggande förutsättningarna för att turism ska uppstå? Hur uppfyller Moçambique de grundläggande förutsättningarna för att turism ska uppstå? Hur väljer svenska charterarrangörer ut en ny charterdestination?

    Teoretisk utgångspunkt har tagits i Karlsson (1994) och de fyra grundläggande förutsättningarna för att turism ska uppstå: attraktioner, transportmöjligheter, bekvämligheter samt individer som har tid, lust och pengar. Studien är avgränsad till att bortse från individer som har tid, lust och pengar men adderar säkerhet. Således är den teoretiska utgångspunkten att attraktioner, infrastruktur och säkerhet är de grundläggande förutsättningarna för turism.

    I denna studie har metodtriangulering använts som angreppssätt för att kunna genomföra kvalitativa intervjuer samt en kvantitativ enkät för att besvara studiens syfte. Primärdata har samlats in med hjälp av en enkätundersökning för att undersöka hur den moçambikiska lokalbefolkningen och andra turister som besökt landet, uppfattar att Moçambique uppfyller de grundläggande förutsättningarna för turism. Resterande primärdata har samlats in genom tre kvalitativa och semistrukturerade intervjuer med den svenska ambassaden i Maputo, Ving och Fritidsresor. Intervjun med ambassaden gjordes i syfte att få deras syn på hur Moçambique uppfyller de grundläggande förutsättningarna för turism. Intervjun med Ving och Fritidsresor gjordes huvudsakligen för att undersöka vad som ligger bakom deras eventuella val att inte arrangera resor till Moçambique. Sekundärdata har samlats in från bland annat en kandidatuppsats som har redogjort för hur svenska charterarrangörer väljer ut nya destinationer, officiella webbsidor relaterade till ämnet som undersökts i studien samt vetenskapliga böcker och artiklar.

    Avslutningsvis visar resultaten i denna studie att Moçambique erbjuder turistiska attraktioner, men att landet inte klarar av att möta de krav som ställs av svenska charterarrangörer, på framförallt tillgänglighet, lokal infrastruktur och inhemsk säkerhet.

  • 32.
    Gärling, Tommy
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    A behavioural perspective on voluntary reduction of private car use2012In: Keep moving towards sustainable mobility / [ed] Bert Van Wee, The Netherlands: Eleven International Publishing , 2012, p. 109-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Gärling, Tommy
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Economic and psychological determinants of ownership, use and changes in use of private cars2018In: The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour / [ed] Alan Lewis, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, 2, p. 567-594Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we first address two questions: why are automobiles purchased, and why are automobiles, after being purchased, used to such a large extent? We argue that instrumental and economic factors (including time savings) play important roles. Yet, psychological factors appear to also play a decisive role. Following a brief overview of factors accounting for the unprecedented historical increase in automobile ownership (Section 19.2), determinants of private car use will be analysed in the following section, 19.3. Substantial environmental and societal costs of private car use such as congestion, noise, air pollution, excessive land use crowding out other uses and depletion of material and energy resources are expected future consequences of the worldwide increasing trend in automobile ownership and use (Goodwin, 1996; Greene and Wegener, 1997; van Wee, 2012, 2014). In many urban areas, these consequences are already being felt, leading to various policy measures for reducing or changing private car use being placed high on the political agendas. In Section 19.4, we describe and classify a number of such policy measures. Following this classification, we review in the same section evidence of the policy measures’ effectiveness, public acceptability and political feasibility. Historical Trends in Private Car Ownership and Use The automobile has drastically altered the development of the world like few other human inventions. In the developed countries, and now in developing countries, its versatility strongly contributes to why it is chosen for urban, suburban and rural travel (Jakobsson, 2007). Versatility (in this chapter, referred to as instrumental motives) is, however, not a sufficient explanation. As will be argued, the automobile is also chosen because it is fun to drive and ride, provides privacy and security and signals social status (Gatersleben, 2007, 2014; Stradling, 2002). Even though cars were available at the beginning of the twentieth century, it was only in the years after World War II with the subsequent spread of affluence and the acceleration of automobile mass production that ownership was brought within the reach of a majority of households in the industrialised world.

  • 34.
    Haglund, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Hong, Maria
    Med en examen från Karlstads universitet: Alumner om studier och arbete 20112012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våren 2008 beslutade ledningen för Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT vid Karlstads universitet att på ett systematiskt sätt samla in information om Fakultetens utbildningar genom enkäter till alumner, dvs. f d studenter. Målet med dessa inledande studier är att ta fram ett informationsunderslag som vi kan lägga till grund för utveckling av våra utbildningsprogram.

    Tanken med studierna är att alumnerna skall ha något eller några års erfarenhet av livet efter studierna innan de är med i våra undersökningar. De som får svara på våra frågor är alltså tillräckligt nära sina studier för att komma ihåg detaljer men de har ändå en del erfarenhet från arbetslivet. De urval av alumner som vi gjort omfattar de som avslutat sina studier några år före enkätens genomförande. Vi planerar att genomföra studierna inom alla våra program med ett rullande schema. Planen är att vi för ett visst program skall genomföra enkäter ungefär vart 3-4 år för att på så sätt täcka in alla våra studenter.

    Här redovisas nu den tredje delrapporten i projektet. Utöver en andra omgång av alumnstudier bland ekonomer och de som läst projektledning, tillkommer ett par enkäter inom nytillkomna program - IT-Design, Master of Business Administration (MBA) och magisterprogrammet i Arbetsvetenskap. Studenterna i föreliggande studie har i första hand sina examina från åren 2007, 2008 och 2009.

    I rapporten redovisas enkäter till alumner som vid Karlstads universitet läst:

    • Projektledning, kurser eller program
    • Ekonomprogrammet med examen på kandidat-,      magister- eller mastersnivå
    • Magisterprogrammet med examen i Arbetsvetenskap
    • Kandidatprogrammet med examen i IT-Design
    • Master of      Business Administration (MBA)
  • 35.
    Haglund, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Hong, Maria
    Studenter om studier och studentliv: Resultat från studentenkäter vid fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT 20112012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en delrapport inom projektet Studenter om studier och studentliv. Sedan våren 2000 har ett antal studentenkäter genomförts vid Karlstads universitet. Totalt har omkring 15.000 studenter svarat på frågor om hur de upplever studier och studentliv här i Karlstad. I rapporten redovisas i detalj resultat från en studentenkät hösten 2011. Totalt har 1.135 studenter svarat på vår enkät. De som svarat är studenter som på Campus läser program och kurser inom fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT. Jämförelser görs med tidigare studentenkäter. Slutsatser från undersökningarna utgör en grund för utveckling av kurser och program vid Karlstads universitet.

  • 36.
    Hallberg, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Konflikter i skogen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Hansen, Wenche Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Økologi og utfordrende atferd: A study in ecology of caretaking environments, and how it affects the incidents of challenging behaviour in people with learning disability2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The causes behind the development of challenging behaviour in people with learning disability are numerous and complex. This type of behaviour is prompted by a combination of biological, psychological and environmental variables. The ecological model proposed by Uri Bronfenbrenner for social development describes variables that can influence behaviour, mainly the close relations between people and how surrounding systems influence those relations. The purpose of this study is to describe how caretakers, employed by various municipalities, have used ecological factors and drawn experience from them in handling and preventing challenging behaviour in people with learning disability. Eight caretakers from six different environments have been interviewed on their practical experience. The study has been carried out with qualitative research techniques. The material has been collected and analyzed according to a hermeneutical approach. The caretakers` experience of the importance of ecological factors in the caregiving tasks is demonstrated in five description categories: Difficult daily tasks, Different approach- almost same practice, Different environments, Safe working environment and Closed environments. The study demonstrates that ecological factors influence the incidence of challenging behaviour in people with learning disability. Being conscious of the importance of the various factors may promote the development of preventive measures in the caretaking environments.

  • 38.
    Hedelin, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    A Framework for Sustainable Natural Hazards Management2012In: Proceeding for the Global Risk Forum, IDRC DAVOS 2012, 2012, p. 300-303Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Hedelin, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Criteria for Sustainable Land Use Planning – analogies from the fields of regional water resources and flood risk management.2012In: Proceeding for the 43rd ESReDA seminar: Land Use Planning and Risk-Informed Decision Making, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Hedelin, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The EU Floods Directive trickling down: Tracing the ideas of integrated and participatory flood risk management in Sweden2017In: Water Policy, ISSN 1366-7017, E-ISSN 1996-9759, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 286-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the EU Floods Directive - an extensive and innovative legislative instrument for integrated and participatory flood risk planning in all EU member states - influences local flood risk management in one member state, Sweden. The study identifies that: many municipalities have received new knowledge; crosssectoral organisational structures for water and flood risk issues at the local level are being formed or strengthened; and the flood risk issue has been elevated up the political agenda. There are also however clear signs that a number of other fundamental issues are not being adequately addressed in the complex institutional setting that results from the directive's implementation. These issues are undoubtedly obstructing the development of a more integrated and participatory flood risk management system. Of key importance here are questions relating to how roles and mandates are communicated and adopted, the lack of coordination between the Floods Directive and the Water Framework Directive, and the inadequate involvement of the municipal level and other stakeholders. Practical recommendations on how to redirect development towards more positive outcomes in these areas are thus formulated.

  • 41.
    Heikkinen, Satu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Older driver debate in Swedish transportation policy2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Hermansson, Sonja
    et al.
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Jansson, Lisbeth
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    "Bara för mig" Återgångsprocessen efter långtidssjukskrivning: kvinnors beskrivning av möten med arbetsgivarringen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sickness absenteeism is high in Sweden compared to other countries inthe European Union. Long-term-sick-absenteeism which depends on stress-relatedsickness is dominated by women. There is a great need to make the return-to-work(RTW) process more effective after an absenteeism where different contributions mustbe tested and evaluated. In some cases may neutral parties in form of an independentRTW-coordinator support sick-listed persons in their RTW-process. Purpose: Thepurpose of the study was to describe women’s experiences of meetings with a personfrom an “arbetsgivarring” in the RTW-process, after a period of stress-related sickness.Methods: Data was collected by qualitative interviews with ten women. Criteria thatincluded participation: to have been long-term-sick-listed because of stress-relatedsickness,to have been in touch with an “arbetsgivarring”, and during 2007-2008returned to earlier occupation or other form of paid work in an extend of 25 percent andhave been working for at least six month. Data was analysed using both manifest andlatent content analysis. Results: The result shows four categories representing themanifest content: to be treated with respect and engagement, to work with findingsolutions, own development with increased self-confidence, organisational aspects. Thelatent content describes the development process of the woman, the guidance process ofthe “arbetsgivarring” and the inter-mediate humanity that occurs between these twoparts in the meeting. All narratives are permeated by expressions where the womandescribes herself being in the centre of attention. Everything is about her and the“arbetsgivarring” makes her feel important. Conclusions: Through deeperunderstanding regarding what promotes RTW for persons on long-term-sick-list thebasis for an increased investment and adequate contributions to reach an improvingRTW can be laid for numerous persons.

  • 43. Holmberg, Robin
    Göteborg kommuns utdelning av broddar till kommunens äldre: Effekten på fallskador till följd av halka på is och snö2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In 2013, Gothenburg municipality implemented an intervention in the form of free distribution of anti-slip devices to the municipality’s elderly population (65+) to reduce the amount of falls/slips on ice/snow. The aim of this paper was to evaluate if the intervention had an effect on the incidence of pedestrian accidents involving falls/slips among the municipality’s elderly.

    Methods: This paper applied a controlled before-and-after study to test for differences between a before period (2009-2012), when anti-slip devices were not yet distributed, to an after period (2013-2016) when the intervention had been implemented.

    Results: When the intervention group (age 65+ years) was compared to the control group (age 16–64 years), the number of incidences had significantly decreased by 34.36 falls/slips on ice/snow per 100 000 person-years after the distribution of anti-slip devices had been made. Similar trends were not seen when analysis were done to nearby control municipalities. A placebo test did not show any significant effect of Gothenburg as placebo controls were made on earlier observed periods (2003-2010).

    Conclusion: The results suggest that the number of fall/slip incidences on ice/snow among the municipality’s elderly residents has been reduced by 36 percent after the municipal intervention.

  • 44.
    Holth, Line
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Den raka och den krokiga vägen till ingenjörsyrket: Om rationella kvinnor och passionerade män2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande paper diskuterar kvinnors och mäns väg fram till ingenjörsyrket samt på vilket sätt de motiverar sina yrkesval. Inom ingenjörsvetenskaperna har kvinnligt och manligt sorterats via dualismerna rationell och irrationell. I historiska studier har ingenjörer beskrivits som behärskade och rationella män.

              Studiens syfte är att påvisa hur vardagliga uttryck för rationalitet och irrationalitet visar sig könade på ett oväntat sätt. Genom att lyfta fram individer och berättelser som avviker från det förväntat rationella/irrationella problematiseras kvinnors och mäns yrkesval och deras väg in i ingenjörsprofessionen. 

              Det empiriska underlaget utgörs av livsberättelser från 46 manliga och kvinnliga ingenjörer. Det är 24 intervjuer från data- och maskiningenjörsutbildningarna vid Karlstads universitet samt 22 intervjuer med ingenjörer i ett större svenskt IT-konsultföretag.

              Denna studie visar att männens väg till ingenjörsyrket, i motsats till kvinnornas, har varit rak. Männens yrkesval har upplevts som ”naturligt” och självklart grundat i ett stort och passionerat teknikintresse sedan barnsben, medan kvinnornas betydligt längre och krokigare väg till ingenjörsyrket är motiverat av karriärmässiga och individuella rationella strategier. Studiens konklusion är att passionerade män och rationella kvinnor utgör oväntade och motstridiga vardagliga uttryck och strider mot den traditionella bilden av ingenjörer.

             

     

  • 45. Isaksson, K.
    et al.
    Heikkinen, Satu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Sustainability transitions at the frontline. Lock-in and potential for change in the local planning arena2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 840Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores challenges and possibilities for integrating goals of long-term sustainable development into urban planning practice, with a specific focus on local institutional conditions for sustainability transitions. The analysis is based on a qualitative single case study of a large urban development process: the development of a new city district in Hyllie in the city of Malmö, Sweden. Hyllie was branded as a flagship project for sustainable urban development, with particularly high ambitions on climate neutrality and sustainable energy consumption. Several innovative elements were initiated in the development process, for instance the "climate contract" between the municipality and large energy companies. In the paper, this climate contract is discussed as an initiative with a promising potential for sustainability transitions. In practice, however, the outcome of the development in Hyllie in terms of sustainable development is ambiguous, since the district is also framed around luxury shopping, entertainment, and an ambition to attract visitors from a long distance. The Hyllie development illustrates pre-requisites for work on sustainable development in a decentralized and market-oriented planning context. Theoretically, the analysis is inspired by the multi-level perspective (MLP) and institutional theory. The results illustrate how the development process was shaped by a complex interplay between actors with differing agendas and targets at different stages in the process. These results are applied in a general discussion of challenges and possibilities for urban planning to contribute substantially to a transition to long-term sustainable development. Overall, the analysis demonstrates the importance of considering specific local institutional conditions in strategic work for long-term sustainability.

  • 46.
    Ivarsson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Larsson, Patrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Att leverera hantverkstjänster – en studie av näringsidkares upplevelser av affärsrelationen2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2009 inkom det omkring 10 000 klagomål rörande hantverkare och hantverkstjänster till landets konsumentvägledningar. Detta är en ökning med tio procent jämfört med året innan. Vanligtvis handlar klagomålen om att hantverkstjänsten blivit dyrare än överenskommet eller att arbetet inte har utförts på det sätt konsumenten räknat med.

    Anledningen till det ökade klagomålet på hantverkstjänster kan enligt Helena Olofsson, boendeexpert på Konsumentverket, möjligtvis hänvisas till införandet av ROT-avdraget (Renovering, Ombyggnad, Tillbyggnad) som i korthet innebär attprivatkunder som anlitar hantverkare kan få en skattereduktion på 50 procentav arbetskostnaden. Denna förklaring bygger på ett antagande om att ROTavdragetmedför att fler personer väljer att anlita hantverkare nu närkostnaderna blir väsentligt lägre. Det förefaller logiskt att ett ökat anlitande också medför ett ökande av kunders missnöje och därmed klagomål.

    Den ökande andelen klagomål har föranlett en rad delstudier kring hur kunderoch hantverkare upplever affärsrelationen. Två av dessa är kvantitativt orienterade och vänder sig till privatkunder respektive hantverkare, i syfte att kartlägga utbredningen av kundmissnöje. Föreliggande rapport fokuserarnäringsidkares upplevelser av relationen.

  • 47.
    Jakobsson, Adam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Lindberg, Pontus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Kuna Yala – Effekter av lokal involvering inom destinationsutvecklingen: B-uppsats2014Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has examined how the local community is involved with the tourism development on the San Blas islands and how it effects the destinations development. The method of choice has been a qualitative interview with an operator that offers trips to the destination. Also there has been made a literature study where previous research about the San Blas and the subjects of choice is being presented. During the writing process of this essay it has become obvious to us that the local community (Kuna Yala) is very much involved in everything that concerns the destination. We can thereby establish that the local community of San Blas can be placed on the top step of Arnsteins (1969) “Ladder of Participation”. This comprehensive involvement brings both positive and negative effects on the destinations development. On the negative side we can se that the service level sometimes is low due to lack of knowledge and communication amongst the Kunas. The positive effects however shows that the destination is perceived more unique when the visitors gets to experience the real Kuna lifestyle that also creates a sustainable social environment. Many Kunas make their living on the tourism industry, which secure that the visitors money stays at the destination. The destination itself has not followed any traditional curve regarding destination development, which makes San Blas problematic to apply in Butlers model about the destination lifecycle. 

  • 48.
    Jakobsson, Adam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Lindberg, Pontus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Resande seniorer på nätet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to examine how people over the age of 55 use digital channels before travelling and their opinions of doing so. By a case study of Kulturresor Europa the essay has been getting a producer perspective in this matter, which gave the opportunity to analyze how they work in comparison to the examination of the age group. The base of this essay has been a quantitative survey, which has been distributed through a number of digital channels on the Internet. These different channels have had certain characteristics in which they’re all directed to people with travelling as an interest and therefore supposedly are legitimate for the purpose of this essay. Further on an interview has been done with Kulturresor Europa. The purpose of the interview was to get an insight of how they work with this age group on a daily basis. Also there has been made a literature study to create a theoretical frame of reference for this essay. This frame of reference is divided up into two parts in which the first one contains mainly of marketing related theories’. In this section you’ll get presented with theories’ of relationship marketing and social media as a tool in this matter. The second part is focused on the target group and is presenting theories’ and statistics about Swedes and the elderly on the Internet, seniors as tourists and different categorizations of technology users. An analysis of how these theories’ could be compared against the examination of the age group and how Kulturresor Europa’s work with them have later been done with the intention of answering the essays purpose. Working with this essay it has clarified that this age group has a high Internet usage with Facebook being the social media in which most of them can be found. They are generally confident about booking and searching information about travel in the Internet but they still would like to have a family member or a friend present during the actual booking. A certain tendency from this target group showing that their social media usage as a communication tool is increasing has been showing compared to previous research. In addition it seems that the target group in some aspects thinks of themselves as travelling more independently than what they might actually do. This information could be used by Kulturresor Europa to offer more flexible alternatives on travel packages, which will add a feeling of making an independent choice. Further research recommendations among other things are a more profound study with a qualitative approach to find out why the target group thinks and acts the way they do. 

  • 49.
    Janson, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Styrning av EU-finansierade turismprojekt2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EU-projects are a frequent phenomenon in the tourism industry. The projects is often criticized for being difficult to handle, and are questioned whether the gains are corresponding to the invested resources. The purpose of the study is to examine the project manger’s ability to manage and control the project towards a target with the desired results.

     

    The investigated area is relatively unexplored. The theoretical base is therefore of general project management theory. In the study, five project managers of EU-funded tourism projects are being interviewed. Survey design and results is largely a product of respondents' thoughts about their own situation.

     

    Project Manager's ability to control and manage the project consists, in this study, of two main factors:

     

    - Establishment of the project plan's overall objectives.

    - Active communication towards the stakeholders in the project organization.

     

    To manage the project towards a desired result, the project may start with an anchoring process. This involved the beneficiary of the project results in the specification of project objectives.

  • 50.
    Jensen, Jostein Framnes
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Roness, Bernt Tarjei
    Karlstad University.
    Hvor blir alle helter av?: Menns opplevelser av helse, aktivitet og nettverk etter avsluttet yrkesliv.2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally several studies have focused on men’s health connected to masculinity ideology. In Norway there is a lack of knowledge about men’s health related to gender. This study aimed at exploring retired men’s experiences of health, activities and social network. Data were collected by 10 group interviews with participants in an informal social network, established for and by men inhabiting a medium-sized Norwegian town. The men gathered at a cabin in the town woods about 15 minutes walking distance from the nearest road and parking lot. This social network consisted of 25 retired males, aged from 60 to well past 80 years. This group of men was meeting on a regular basis nearly every day all year connected to daytime hiking activities. Comparative analysis inspired by Grounded Theory was conducted to extract relevant categories from the interview data. The results showed that the social network and the cabin in the woods had become the men’s ‘own room’ combining friendship with conscious and active caring for ones own health and coping. Participation in an accepting environment allowed every man to appear as he wanted. The companionship at the cabin in beautiful surroundings created a feeling of wellbeing and a sense of coherence supporting the men’s experiences of having good health in spite of their relative high age and, for some, severe medical diagnosis. The study showed how connections between health, activity and social network in terms of individuals internalizing the values of the network can be transformed into personal health and feeling of wellbeing.

12 1 - 50 of 96
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf