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  • 1.
    Fleischhacker, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Spegelns utbredning i Jösse- och Kils härader under 1750-1850 mot bakgrund av 1794 års överflödsförordning2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Furåker, Bengt
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Håkansson, Kristina
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Karlsson, Jan Ch
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Commitment to work and job satisfaction: studies of work orientations2012Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People's work orientations and attitudes to paid work are highly important for the welfare of any country. Still, little is currently known about how such attitudes are distributed among different countries, men and women, classes, occupations, age groups and so on. Even less is known about how work orientations have changed during the dramatic social transformations of economies and labour markets during recent decades. What happened, for example, to work orientations in Iceland when the country went bankrupt? The answer is quite surprising. Or, is it true that work is losing its position in people's lives in Western world? What is the relationship between people's attitudes to work and the way they actually behave on the labour market?This timely book deals with these questions - and more - presenting fresh knowledge on changes in work orientations in many countries. It is based on genuine theoretical arguments and thorough empirical studies, using both qualitative and quantitative methods. It is a great source of new knowledge on work orientations and changes in attitudes to work.

  • 3.
    Gärling, Tommy
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Economic and psychological determinants of ownership, use and changes in use of private cars2018In: The Cambridge Handbook of Psychology and Economic Behaviour / [ed] Alan Lewis, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, 2, p. 567-594Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we first address two questions: why are automobiles purchased, and why are automobiles, after being purchased, used to such a large extent? We argue that instrumental and economic factors (including time savings) play important roles. Yet, psychological factors appear to also play a decisive role. Following a brief overview of factors accounting for the unprecedented historical increase in automobile ownership (Section 19.2), determinants of private car use will be analysed in the following section, 19.3. Substantial environmental and societal costs of private car use such as congestion, noise, air pollution, excessive land use crowding out other uses and depletion of material and energy resources are expected future consequences of the worldwide increasing trend in automobile ownership and use (Goodwin, 1996; Greene and Wegener, 1997; van Wee, 2012, 2014). In many urban areas, these consequences are already being felt, leading to various policy measures for reducing or changing private car use being placed high on the political agendas. In Section 19.4, we describe and classify a number of such policy measures. Following this classification, we review in the same section evidence of the policy measures’ effectiveness, public acceptability and political feasibility. Historical Trends in Private Car Ownership and Use The automobile has drastically altered the development of the world like few other human inventions. In the developed countries, and now in developing countries, its versatility strongly contributes to why it is chosen for urban, suburban and rural travel (Jakobsson, 2007). Versatility (in this chapter, referred to as instrumental motives) is, however, not a sufficient explanation. As will be argued, the automobile is also chosen because it is fun to drive and ride, provides privacy and security and signals social status (Gatersleben, 2007, 2014; Stradling, 2002). Even though cars were available at the beginning of the twentieth century, it was only in the years after World War II with the subsequent spread of affluence and the acceleration of automobile mass production that ownership was brought within the reach of a majority of households in the industrialised world.

  • 4.
    Kåpe, Leif
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Regioner i Värmland: En studie av de värmländska kommunernas befokningsutveckling och näringslivsstruktur2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet utgår från Värmland men med fokus på länets nu sexton kommuner. - En övergripande tanke, en arbetshypotes, har varit att Värmland inte givet är ett enhetligt och homogent Värmland. Det består istället av ett över tiden skiftande antal enheter, som kan kallas regioner, med skiftande bakgrund, skiftande utvecklingsförlopp och skiftande näringsliv, ett Regionernas Värmland. – En annan övergripande tanke har varit att en kommuns ”arv och miljö” har utgjort och utgör tungt vägande faktorer för möjligheterna att utvecklas. I denna tanke ligger bl.a. att näringslivsstrukturen formats under lång tid, i samklang med områdets traditioner och kultur samt de naturgivna förutsättningarna, som läge och naturresurser.

    Arbetets syfte är dels att ge en bakgrund till hur de nu sexton kommunerna i Värmland vuxit fram, dels att visa deras utveckling av folkmängd och näringsliv, samt att utröna om de kan grupperas i regioner efter olikheter i befolkningsutveckling och näringslivsstruktur.

    Nedanstående frågor har ställts:

    • Hur har de nuvarande sexton värmländska kommunerna vuxit fram?

    • Hur har befolkningsutvecklingen sett ut för dessa sexton kommuner?

    • Hur har de sexton kommunernas näringslivsstruktur förändrats?

    • Hur kan en regionindelning av Värmland se ut utifrån befolkningsutveckling och näringslivsstruktur?

    I arbetet har de nuvarande kommunernas territoriella yta ”konstanthållits” tillbaka till 1860-talet, då begreppet kommun först dök upp som officiellt administrativt begrepp. Därigenom påverkas inte svaren på frågorna av att en mängd administrativa territoriella förändringar skett sedan dess.

    Svaret på den första frågan har getts genom ett ”släktträd”, medan befolkningsutveckling samt näringslivets struktur och förändring har beskrivits i såväl diagram som tabeller, baserade på befolkningsstatistik respektive yrkes- eller sysselsättningsstatistik. Tidsperioden sträcker sig tillbaka till 1860-talet vad gäller kommunernas framväxt och folkmängdsuppgifter, och till 1930-talet för näringslivsuppgifterna. Anknytningar till tidigare forskning har också gjorts för att få en viss uppfattning om hur näringslivet tidigare sett ut i skilda delar av länet. – Ur annan forskning har även lyfts fram faktorer som påverkar kommuners befolkningsutveckling och näringsliv. – Svaret på den fjärde frågan har getts dels genom att visa regionala indelningar av Värmland ur andras arbeten, dels genom egna regionala indelningar, huvudsakligen baserade på en enkel kvantitativt inriktad analys av statistiskt material över folkmängd och näringsliv.

    En slutsats har blivit att Värmland mycket väl kan delas in i olika regioner vad gäller såväl befolkningsutveckling som näringslivsstruktur. – Därmed menar jag att man utifrån vad som framkommit i föreliggande arbete mycket väl kan tala om skilda regioner i länet, alltså ett antal Regioner i Värmland.

  • 5. Ringdahl, Erik
    Från arbetarlängor till punkthus: Bostadsutvecklingen i Karlskoga 1960-19752011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Risenfors, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Klädesfabriken: Textilförläggaren Anders Hansson på Mölneby i Östra Frölunda en protoindustrialist i 1800-talets Sjuhäradsbygden?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to survey the textile based proto-industrialism in Sweden in the middle of the 19th century. This case study is founded upon Anders Hansson’s pre-industrial textile production at the estate of Mölneby, Östra Frölunda in the rural district of Kind in the province of Västra Götaland.

    Account books from the year 1853 related to Anders Hansson’s wool fabric manufacturing have been looked into and categorized using a quantitative research method. The research has also been supplemented with a number of interviews.

    The result of the survey shows that Anders Hansson’s business activities fit into Mendel’s theory of proto-industrialists at a practice level.

    By collaborating with a merchant in Gothenburg the fabrics were traded in unknown markets, as well as in more familiar neighbouring districts. The amount of production varied due to agricultural season. Usually it contributed to the income of the peasant’s family, but for some people living in poor-houses it was their only income.

    The theory of proto-industrialism also assumes that there is a surplus of food production in adjacent districts, something that is not completely evident in this study.  However, an accumulation of capital can be seen as continuous investments in forest land and agricultural properties took place. Furthermore, the study shows that Anders Hansson’s business activities also led to his acquisition of trading skills as well as specialist knowledge of how to organize production.

    Consequently, the conclusion of the study has to be put forward in the following way: by looking into the case study and earlier research of the proto-industrial theory it is evident that this activity at practice level co-existed in a symbiotic relationship in the rural society as well as in the urban society. Mendel’s proto-industrial theory discusses and analyses different parts of this manufacturing as a contributing factor to the industrialization or as in the case of Anders Hansson’s manufacturing; the de-industrialization.

  • 7.
    Samuelsson, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Re-Thinking Industry? The city of Eskilstuna 1950-20002012In: Industrial Heritage Around the Baltic Sea / [ed] Isacson, M; et al, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
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