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  • 1. -, -
    Snabbt förändrade arbetsmiljöer kräver forskning som bidrar till bred kunskap och metodik.2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 85-89Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med arbetslivets snabba utveckling skapas fler och nya variationer av arbetsmiljöer som kan få helt olika betydelser för grupper på arbetsmarknaden. Inte minst då skillnader mellan grupper ökar. För att arbetsmiljöarbete ska bli verkningsfullt bör vi arbetslivsforskare minska fokus på övergripande medeltal där alla ”dragits över en kam” och istället satsa på mer arbetsplatsnära förhållningssätt om hur arbetsmiljöerna påverkar olika grupper och individer. Arbetslivsforskning behövs som kan ta sig an arbetslivets komplexa förändringar och bidra med bredare kunskaper till aktörerna som bedriver arbetsmiljöarbete – och att vi forskare samverkar med dessa aktörer.

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  • 2.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shih, Tommy
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks2016In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 59, p. 157-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based onfive cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.

  • 3.
    Aadalen, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Arbetslagsledarens uppdrag - distribuerat ledarskap i gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the formation of the teacher team leaders´ role, using interviews and job descriptions at comprehensive upper secondary schools in a Swedish metropolitan municipality. The theoretical framework includes a social constructionist and critical perspective, through Foucault, based on analysis of power. Analysis of power illuminates contemporary practices and techniques through a historical lens, using questions that are related to the basis and logics of power.

    The job descriptions proclaim a diverse, extensive and somewhat scattered mission consisting of administrative duties as well as managing development and evaluation of processes. According to the job description, the teacher team leader is responsible for initiating learning processes as well as implementing decisions by principals, each advocating a different theory. Teacher team leaders describe a complex mission where a substantial amount of time is spent on tasks less prevalent or unmentioned in the job description. Acting as a messenger, yet a constant search for information and administrative duties are tasks that teacher team leaders emphasize.

    In conclusion, it appears as if a comprehensive view of the mission at hand is deficient and that actual practice appears relatively different from the job description. The teacher team leaders operate as a link between school leaders, the Student Health Team and teachers where they contribute to continuity and stability in a school where school leaders more frequently are exchanged. A new and complex organization involving several distributed leadership roles requires thorough work in terms of co-ordination. Future studies may address how interplay and collaboration can work in a complex organization, where preconditions are continuously altered.

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  • 4.
    Aakerlund, Leo
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Sjöberg, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    GRI – ett verktyg för företag att fabricera en hållbar verklighet?2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In society today, there is a great focus on sustainability and that companies should contribute to sustainable development. One way to do this is through transparency between the company and its stakeholders regarding how they work on these important issues. This is done through sustainability reports that can be designed in different ways, but this study focuses on those that follow the Global Reporting Initiative, which is the dominant framework globally.

     

    Prior research has shown mixed conclusions regarding GRI and its usefulness. In these, both positive and negative aspects of the framework have been highlighted. This study examines what and how high and low ranked businesses based on SBI report to study the usefulness of GRI. In addition, various theories will be used to examine what may be the reasons for the similarities and differences between the groups. This result is also related to prior research that studied sustainability reporting in connection with the selected theories.

     

    The study was conducted as a method where qualitative data was quantified through a quantitative content analysis. The sustainability reports of 32 companies were reviewed based on their GRI-index and data was then statistically tested using Chi-square-tests and a Fisher's exact test. The study shows that there is no significant difference in what the high and low ranked businesses report. This difference applies to the total number of indicators as well as within the different series, economic, environmental and social. Regarding how the companies report, the study shows that the low ranked businesses are more likely to report indicators for which they do not meet the requirements, this result is also statistically significant. The reasons for the similarities and differences that were identified can be discussed in relations to institutional theory, legitimacy theory and stakeholder theory.

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  • 5.
    Aal, Kotaiba Abdul
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Di Pietro, Laura
    Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Renzi, Maria Francesca
    Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy.
    Guglielmetti Mugion, Roberta
    Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy.
    Innovation in service ecosystems: An empirical study of the integration of values, brands, service systems and experience rooms2016In: Journal of Service Management, ISSN 1757-5818, E-ISSN 1757-5826, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 619-651Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend the understanding of innovation in service ecosystems by focussing on the role of values resonance in relation to the integration of brands, service systems and experience rooms.

    Design/methodology/approach – An empirical, explorative case study of an innovative service system is carried out using a narrative approach and presented in the form of a saga.

    Findings – Insights gleaned from the empirical study are used for conceptual developments. Analysis of the empirical case study is presented as four lessons linked to values, brands, service systems and experience rooms.

    Originality/value – The paper extends a conceptual framework of innovative resource integration in service ecosystems. The paper also contributes four propositions to inform theory: values resonance is a basis for service innovation, the innovative integration of brands based on values resonance can foster innovation, the integration of resources across service system boundaries grounded in values resonance can enable innovation and the integration of experience rooms into a coherent servicescape based on values resonance can support novel forms of resource integration and value co-creation efforts in service ecosystems.

    Keywords Service-dominant logic, Brands, Service innovation, Resource integration, Service ecosystem, Values resonance

    Paper type Research paper

  • 6.
    Aarflot, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Är framtiden agilt för kommuner?: En studie som undersöker hur projekt bedrivs i kommuner och ställer det mot ett agilt arbetssätt.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More recently, there has been increased pressure on politically controlled organizations, including municipalities, to become more flexible and find new ways of working. With increased projectification and an increased efficiency as an endeavour for this, it has created organizational tensions in municipal projects. Here, the agile working method in projects has emerged and is seen as a potential solution and a new way of working in projects for a municipal activity.

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate how projects are conducted in a municipal activity and with the issues, how does the agile working method relate to projects at a municipal level and how does the project relate to political governance. In order to be able to answer these, semi-structured interviews were conducted with project managers from different municipalities, with a total of six respondents. The collected material has then been coded through a thematic analysis.

    It is stated that projects carried out in the municipal area need to relate to, among other things, political governance, laws and frameworks. Results also illustrate that there are changes during the course of the projects in municipal projects, which is a burden. The result also indicates that an agile way of working could improve with faster handling of changes in projects. The agile way of working would also work in smaller municipalities because the result indicates that the projects conducted in smaller municipalities are not of the same scope, budget and timeframe, which suits the agile working method.

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  • 7.
    Aarflot, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Lundell, Max
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Självkörande fordon i stadsrummet?: En studie om självkörande fordons påverkan på individ, mobilitet och planering med fokus på Göteborg Stad2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Självkörande bilar betraktas ofta som nästa steg i utvecklingen av bilen och som en del av det autonoma samhället. Bilproducenter världen över menar att vi kan se självkörande fordon så snart som år 2020 och trycker på både forskning och utveckling av självkörande fordon. Beroende på vilken grad av automatisering och hur politiken tillåter självkörande fordon att inträda i samhället, väcker detta frågor som är viktiga att studera. Vem ska äga självkörande fordon? Vilka kommer att köra självkörande fordon? Kommer det att planeras självkörande fordon? Kommer individens rörelsemönster att ändras? I så fall, hur?

     

    I den här studien försöker vi svara på några av dessa frågor genom att undersöka vad bilen inneburit för individens mobilitet i historien och vad självkörande fordon skulle kunna förändra in i framtiden. Vi ställer oss även frågan om självkörande fordon kommer att påverka planeringen av stadsrummet. Studiens teoretiska referensram utgörs av tidigare forskning och teorier som berör mobiliteten, bilismen och planeringen. Metoden är kvalitativ och utgörs av semistrukturerade intervjuer och dokumentstudier. En intervju gjordes med en respondent från Göteborgs Stad och två stycken intervjuer gjordes Trafikverket. Dokumentstudien utgår ifrån VTI, Statens Väg- och Transportforskningsinstitut och SKL, Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting. Alla de olika myndigheterna har en betydelsefull roll i implementeringen av självkörande fordon och intervjuguiden utgår ifrån de teoretiska utgångspunkterna och den tidigare forskningen.    

     

    I studiens slutsats kommer vi fram till att självkörande fordon påverkar planeringen av stadsrummet, men inte i den stora mån vi först trodde. Planeringen av självkörande fordon kan troligtvis främst ske utanför redan etablerade områden och främst när det planeras nytt. Vi kom även fram till att självkörande fordon kan komma att ändra mobiliteteten hos den urbana individen eftersom självkörande fordon har potentialen att erbjuda fler val av rörelse av rörelse och därmed öka tillgängligheten i stadsrummet.

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  • 8.
    Aarnio-Linnanvuori, Essi
    University of Helsinki.
    Environmental issues in Finnish school textbooks on religious education and ethics2013In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2013:1, p. 131-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solving global environmental problems requires a major change of values. As relates to environmental education, worldview, ethics and spiritual issues are important elements. But how are environmental issues included in such school subjects that especially discuss values and ethics? In this article I examine 24 Finnish religious education and ethics textbooks to analyze, to what extent environmental issues are integrated and discussed in them. I conclude that there is confusion about what environmental education can be in societal school subjects. The environmental texts in textbooks do not always draw on the specific content of the societal subject in question but repeat content from the natural sciences. Therefore, I suggest contexts and perspectives for discussing environmental issues that would comport with these subjects and supplement existing environmental education at school.

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  • 9.
    Aarnseth, Erika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Possible correlation between sustainability, wellbeing and traditional African values: Wellbeing factors among citizens in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     Present development path is based on the Western ideas, with focus on market, competition, capitalism and individualism. It has shown to create unsustainable patterns in terms of a growing ecological footprint, decreased wellbeing and growing inequities. This calls for new, alternative development paths. The traditional African values are based on a holistic and humanistic ideology which focuses on health and safety of common citizens; meeting all peoples basic needs, sharing, social connectedness, living in harmony with other species and nature, a healthy environment, to experience satisfaction when your basic needs are met, not wanting more than you need (luxurious cravings), and the concern for health of future generations. In this sense, traditional values are sustainability bearing, and are also suggested to influence human wellbeing in a positive way.   This study have explored to what extent sustainability-bearing values from the traditional African lifestyle are considered to be important for the wellbeing of young, black individuals, and analyzed whether the values of means to achieve wellbeing differs or corresponds between people living a traditionally influenced lifestyle and a Western influenced lifestyle. Generally, the respondents found all these values more important for their wellbeing than luxurious consumption.     This suggests that values that are sustainability bearing are important for peoples wellbeing, and is thereby important to include in the development debate. 

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  • 10. Aartsen, Marja
    et al.
    Béland, Daniel
    Edmondson, Ricca
    Ginn, Jay
    Komp, Kathrin
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Perek-Bialas, Jolanta
    Sorensen, Penny
    Weicht, Bernard
    Ageing in the light of crises: Economic crisis, demographic change, and the search for meaning2012Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Aas, Marit
    et al.
    Oslo universitet.
    Blom, Thomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Benchlearning as professional development of school leaders in Norway and Sweden2018In: Professional Development in Education, ISSN 1941-5257, E-ISSN 1941-5265, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 62-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate a new national collaborative Benchlearning program for principals in Norway and Sweden. Four process leaders have been running the program. The aim is to give the participants the knowledge to develop a leadership practice and school environment that are more innovative. The program includes theoretical inputs, sharing experiences, school visits, training, and trialing of new leadership practices. Drawing on data from surveys, participants’ reflections, and the leaders’ descriptions of new leadership practice, we examine and identify successful and critical aspects of the learning process. The findings show that principals’ motivation and willingness to start change processes can be created in a synergy between structured school visits, work in learning groups, and a theoretical foundation. Working in groups across schools in two countries seems to enhance principals’ sense of efficacy, which in turn is shown to have a positive effect on their willingness to trial new practices. Two implications of the study are suggested. First, in the design of principal programs, systematic and critical reflection about authentic practice should be the basis. Second, educators should be trained to be process leaders who can support principals’ learning during a critical and social construction of a new practice.

  • 12.
    Aas, T. H.
    et al.
    University of Agder, NOR ; NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, NOR.
    Hjemdahl, K. M.
    Norwegian Research Centre, NOR.
    Nordgård, D.
    University of Agder, NOR ; NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, NOR.
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Outbound open innovation in tourism: Lessons from an innovation project in Norway2021In: Managing Open Service Innovation / [ed] A-L Mention ; Tor Helge Aas, World Scientific, 2021, p. 167-185Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of open innovation was introduced by Henry Chesbrough in 2003 and refers to firms' use of inflows and outflows of knowledge to improve innovation processes. The concept has received considerable scholarly attention, but most research has focused on how manufacturing firms can manage inflows of knowledge during their product innovation processes. How outflows of knowledge can be managed by service firms during their innovation processes has until now not received the same scholarly attention. In this chapter, we therefore aim to contribute in filling this knowledge gap by observing an innovation project in tourism during its implementation. The findings suggested that tourism firms reveal different types of knowledge to other tourism firms in non-pecuniary outbound open innovation processes. In this case the knowledge was revealed in joint workshops where several firms participated and in bi-lateral meetings between two firms, and sometimes the knowledge was transferred via consultants or researchers that acted as "knowledge mediators". The findings also suggested that tourism firms decided to reveal knowledge to other firms to improve their image, increase the market size and to sharpen up their own business. Implications for management as well as the need for further research are discussed in the chapter.

  • 13.
    Aas, Tor Helge
    et al.
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Hjemdahl, Kirsti
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Högberg, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Nordgård, Daniel
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Olsson Ramberg, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Contextualizing mobile advertisement using location based services: A field experiment2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Abadzhiev, Andrey
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Scaling sustainable technology in a traditional industryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Abadzhiev, Andrey
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Wood We Change?: Business Model Innovation Towards Sustainability Transitions: Studying the Wood Construction Industry2021Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovations based on sustainable technologies have been widely considered as a remedy for addressing societal and environmental problems in many industries. However, the large-scale adoption of such innovations goes beyond technology and requires organizing the business in a way that drive industrial transformations across actors and system layers, such as market structures, institutional frames, consumer behavior, and business values. 

    The aim of this dissertation is to understand how industrial firms organize for system change towards sustainability. The study is a compilation of two papers within the same research context: the development of sustainable technology in the construction industry. The overlapping unit of analysis for both papers is business model innovation. Paper I examines how industry firms combine and complement business models with different innovation types to accelerate sustainable technology. Paper II identifies how a change in the business model and value creation logic that occur on a firm level accelerate sustainable technology and shape the socio-technical system. Together, both papers help paint a more complete picture of the business model role in transitions towards sustainability. The theoretical frame of this dissertation spans several domains: business model, innovation management, and sustainability transitions. Building on a multi-disciplinary premise, the study takes into account the organizational and the systemic parts of the change process by linking the company perspective (business models) to the wider governance of sustainability transitions. 

    The findings underline the importance of business models that combine production efficiency with higher customer engagement and more collective value creation for driving larger-scale transitions toward sustainability. Moreover, business models in combination with different innovation types, such as product, process and positioning, act together and complement each other to achieve high sustainability and business outcomes. 

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  • 16.
    Abadzhiev, Andrey
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Sukhov, Alexandre
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Sihvonen, Antti
    Jyväskylä University, FIN.
    Johnson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Managing the complexity of green innovation2022In: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 850-866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Green innovation can promote both environmental sustainability and economic growth. However, its development and implementation can be complex due to the need to align innovation activities within and across companies. In this study, the authors examined how this complexity can be managed by analyzing how individual companies combine different innovation activities to develop green innovation, and how companies along the value chain align to implement these innovations. Design/methodology/approach The dataset comprises both interviews and a survey of senior executives from the Swedish wood construction industry. These data were first analyzed by using fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to identify innovation activity configurations at the level of the individual company. The interviews were then analyzed to identify alignment mechanisms enabling the implementation of green innovation along the value chain. Findings At the company level, the authors found three innovation activity configurations with varying levels of complexity: (1) systemic innovation by proactive companies, (2) process innovation by reactive companies and (3) inaction by technology-independent companies. On the value chain level, the authors found three alignment mechanisms that facilitate the implementation of green innovation along the value chain. These mechanisms promote cooperation by increasing efficiency, opening up new market opportunities and increasing the level of servitization. Originality/value This paper analyzes the complexity of green innovation and provides novel insights into how complexity is managed at the level of both the individual company and the value chain.

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  • 17.
    Abdalla, Khalid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    En miljö för alla?: Tunnelbanan och pendeltågens anpassning för tillgängligheten i tätort och landsbygd samt dess skillnader2020Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har utförts för att ta reda på vad för skillnader det finns angående tillgängligheten i tunnelbana i tätort samt pendeltåg i landsbygd och hur tillgängligheten i den kollektiva trafiken har anpassats efter resenärer med funktionsnedsättning. Dessutom, så undersöker studien huruvida den kollektiva trafiken använder sig utav snabblösningar eller noga genomtänkta lösningar för att alla människor ska känna sig inkluderade. Jag vill tacka min handledare Svante Karlsson för den rådgivning och vägledning jag fått under hela uppsatsens gång. Dessutom så vill jag tacka de olika organisationerna såsom region Stockholm, Stockholms länstrafik samt trafikanalys som på olika sätt har bistått och hänvisat mig till mycket nyttig information. Som författare, så har arbetet handlat om att analysera och observera områdena, datainsamling samt fotografier framställda i samband med iakttagelserna av de olika stationerna. Anledningen till att tillgängligheten i tunnelbanan och pendeltåget har valts är på grund av de tidigare kurserna som talade om tillgänglighet vilket fick mig att vilja skriva om tillgängligheten i den kollektiva trafiken, specifikt tunnelbanan och pendeltåget.

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  • 18.
    Abdelamir, Ali
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Egerup, Gabriel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Legitimacy strategies in sustainability reporting: A study of negative disclosure strategies' impact on stakeholders2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability reports should provide a balanced picture of a company’s sustainability aspects, but because of its voluntary nature, overly positive aspects are often presented (Holder-Webb et al., 2009; Lougee & Wallace, 2008). Though, negative disclosure may also be released as it could improve transparency, enhance trust, and decrease the risk of green or whitewashing tendencies (Hahn & Lüfs, 2014, Hahn & Reimsbach, 2013). However, when disclosing negative information, it is important for companies to legitimize the negative aspects, as the negative information could otherwise harm the company. As a result of this, different legitimacy strategies are used by companies when disclosing negative information (Hahn et al., 2021). Based on this, this thesis explores and analyses strategies for disclosing negative sustainability information. In particular, the study examines companies within the fast fashion industry, a heavily debated sector in regard to sustainability, which indicates that the companies within the business should try to legitimize themselves. 

     

    To fulfil the purpose of this study the choice was made to conduct a content analysis and semi-structured interviews, where four fast fashion companies’ (H&M, SHEIN, Boohoo and American Eagle) sustainability reports were analysed to identify negative sustainability disclosure and assess how the companies’ tried to legitimize these negative aspects. Later, the disclosure strategies’ impacts on stakeholders were examined through 10 semi-structured interviews with concerned stakeholders. The results show that the companies subject to research did use the strategies corrective action, marginalization, abstraction, and preventive action to legitimize negative sustainability issues. The strategies were often not effective in enhancing legitimacy mainly because of too vague measures, but also because of the disbelief from stakeholders regarding the industry’s will and ability to change. However, the findings also indicated that the negative disclosure could enhance a bit of legitimacy as it signalled transparency and accountability, which is preferred compared to denial or compliance. 

     

    The study’s implications are important for scholars and practitioners. The theoretical contributions were added to the research field of negative disclosure and legitimacy strategies, and the implications are important for managers working within the fast fashion industry as well. This is because the results of this study will develop their knowledge of how certain negative disclosures strategies can play a both positive and negative role in enhancing the legitimacy towards stakeholders.  

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  • 19.
    Abdelamir, Ali
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Lilja, Tova
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Äga eller hyra verksamhetslokaler - en studie om organisationers tillvägagångssätt och beslutsfattande2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 20.
    Abdi Alipour, Seyran
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Copingstrategier och livstillfredsställelse: En kvantitativ studie bland universitetsstudenter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to examine coping strategies for stress and life satisfaction among students. A further aim was partly to investigate possible differences between men and women regarding the coping strategies used, and differences in the relationship between coping strategies and subjective well-being. The survey was conducted by an electronic poll. The selection was a coincidence sample of women and men aged 18- 47 who studied at a university. Total 128 participants, 44 men and 84 women. The participants answered a questionnaire that consisted of background questions and gauge which measured stress and life satisfaction. The result showed that the most used coping strategies were active coping, planning and acceptance. The conclusion is that men and women differ in terms of coping strategies and that life satisfaction correlates with coping strategies.

     

    Key words: Stress, students, coping strategies, life satisfaction

  • 21.
    Abdi, Asma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    FLYTTEN FRÅN BRUKSORTEN : En kvalitativ studie om ungas flytt från bruksorter till en tillväxtort 2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Abdirizak, Ahmed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Talic, Alemdina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Stigmatiserade och priviligierade platser.: En komparativ studie av (o)trygghet och fysisk planering i Tensta och Djursholm2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Arkivfil
  • 23. Abdoulkarim, Karima
    et al.
    Abdi Dirieh, Hamda
    Corporate Social Responsibility  in Supply Chain Management: A case Study of Volvo Group2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of corporate social responsibility has become integral part of businesses´ strategy and communication. Under pressure or voluntary, social responsibility is neglected by any company, and at least definitely not by big corporations. That said, there is a difference between the determination of businesses in being responsibly and their efforts in acting responsibly. This thesis aims at investigating the reasons that motivate a company to address CSR issues and also to understand how CSR can influence the specific area of the supply chain management. To apprehend these questions a single case study was conducted in order to empirically study an important company -Volvo Group- and analyse the way it approaches and integrates CSR. The data used during this writing is mostly made of interviews with supply chain’s staff. When the findings are discussed in the light of the theory, the authors could conclude that Volvo group’s motivation -showed or hidden- behind CSR is to gain more reputation and visibility. The level of CSR integration in Volvo Group’s supply chain management shows a partial determination in fully addressing CSR. However a study of the others department of Volvo Group could maybe lead to different result.

  • 24.
    Abdul Basheer, Abdul Naeem
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Teachers’ perceptions about constructivist learning in Afghan Schools.: Mathematics teachers’ perceptions and usage of question-answer, individual and group work methods considering constructivism.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A special attention has been given to education system in Afghanistan after new government established in 2001.Initially in 2001, the ways of teaching and learning were mainly based on behaviorist approaches. This behaviorist approach to learning and teaching is gradually changed to cognitive and constructivist approaches which are mostly used in advanced education systems. These approaches to learning and teaching are mainly focused on learners themselves. Therefore, student-centered and active learning became the buzzwords in education system in Afghanistan. This study investigates constructivist learning in Afghan secondary schools. It is vast to investigate each and every aspect of constructivist learning. So, I have selected to investigate the mostly used methods (question-answer, individual and group-work) considering constructivism in Afghan secondary schools. The mentioned methods are investigated in the light of constructivism. I have investigated the methods considering four criteria of constructivist method given by Baviskar et.al, (2009). The criteria are: assessing student’s prior knowledge, differentiating what is already known and what should be learnt, changing students pre-concept in the context of new knowledge and reflection on learning. Teachers’ perceptions were found through questionnaires and their use of these methods was observed from classroom observation.

    Findings show that, around half of the teachers perceive the mentioned methods in line with constructivism while remaining teachers still perceive to use these methods as a traditional way of teaching. Furthermore, teachers perception based on their answers is not similar to their teaching practices considering constructivism. It means teachers’ responses in the questionnaires did not conform to their teaching practices from classroom observations. Moreover, generally teachers seem to be more constructivists in perception and applying individual work method as compared to group-work activities. In some cases, teachers who participated in pedagogical workshops answered questionnaire more in line with constructivism as compare to the teachers who did not participate in pedagogical workshops in the past.

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  • 25.
    Abdul Hamid, Nahed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lean-koncept i praktiken: En studie om implementeringen av Lean-koncept i en statlig organisation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om implementering av Lean-konceptet i praktiken. Syftet är att utreda vilka faktorer som kan påverka personal inom en organisation, att trots vetskap, inte implementera ett koncept i praktiken. Här har studien valt att se närmare på Migrationsverket, som är en statlig organisation som har infört ett Lean-koncept. 

    En kvalitativ undersökning har gjorts i form av intervjuer med handläggare vid en mottagningsenhet inom Migrationsverket. Sammanfattningsvis, trots införandet av Lean koncept i receptionen på den svenska Migrationsverket, är det svårt för tjänstemän att använda det på grund av olika faktorer såsom: stress, utmaningen att arbeta smidigare, hög arbetsbelastning, hög grad av administrativt arbete.

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  • 26.
    Abdul Majid, Soran
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Brandt-Hansen, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Mäklare tjugofyrasju: En studie om hur mäklare lyckas kombinera arbete och familjeliv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Yrket som fastighetsmäklare kräver en hel del tid, ansträngning och framför allt tillgänglighet, av individen. Yrkets flexibilitet och gränslöshet, som med dagens tekniska utveckling ökat, leder till att arbetet inkräktar på det övriga livet. Att framgångsrikt kunna balansera kraven från arbetet med det privata livet, utan att låta en sfär undertrycka den andra, kan anses vara problematiskt för en fastighetsmäklare. Frågan är då hur de klarar av att kombinera det krävande arbetet med ett familjeliv? Syftet med studien är att öka förståelsen för hur mäklare lyckas kombinera arbetsliv med familjeliv. Vi ville därmed ta reda på hur och om fastighetsmäklare lyckas uppnå balans, vilka konflikter de upplever, samt hur de hanterar kraven från arbete och från familj. Detta gjordes med teorier relaterade till Work-Life Balance och genus. En kvalitativ undersökningsmetod användes i studien för att besvara frågeställningarna där vi använde oss av intervjuer för att samla in data. Vi genomförde nio intervjuer, varav fyra var män och fem kvinnor. Dessa valdes utifrån vissa kriterier; de skulle arbeta som fastighetsmäklare på heltid och ha barn. Dock intervjuades även fastighetsmäklare i form av franchisetagare. Resultatet visar att det beror på individuella faktorer och förutsättningar, för hur väl fastighetsmäklarna lyckas uppnå balans. Fastighetsmäklaryrket innebär obekväma arbetstider, stora krav på tillgänglighet och en gränslöshet, som kan försvåra balansen för individen. Faktorer som främjar balansen och underlättar kraven visar sig vara: flexibilitet i arbetet, stöd från omgivningen (framför allt stöd från en partner), att sätta gränser för sig själv och mot kunder, samt att ha passion för arbetet. De visar sig även i undersökningen att det finns vissa könskillnader. De kvinnliga mäklarna var mer familjeorienterade och tog ett större ansvar för sysslorna i hemmet medan de manliga mäklarna var mer arbetsorienterade och tog ett mindre ansvar i hemmet. Däremot kan vi utifrån resultatet inte se att kvinnliga mäklare har större svårigheter att kombinera sfärerna arbete och familj, trots skillnaden i prioriteringar mellan könen. Detta beror till stor del på att mäklarna har egna tillvägagångssätt för att klara av kraven från familj och arbete, samt starkt stöd från partnern. En viktig del i att uppnå balans för mäklarna var just samarbetet med partnern samt en ansvarsdelning båda var nöjda med.

  • 27. Abdul Mosawer, Barakat
    Public and private Teacher Training Colleges in Afghanistan.: A Comparative Study of Students’ and Teachers’ Motivations and Their Enrolment Procedures in Public and Private TTCs, Kabul-2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary objective of this study, conducted in Kabul province, is to find out important differences and similarities between public and private Teacher Training Colleges that are operating in 2014 and to find out implications such variations might have for quality of teacher education. Secondary objectives of this study are: a) to explore possible associations between demographic and socio-economic characteristics of student-teachers and the type of Teacher Training Colleges and b) to explore possible association between motivations behind studying in Teacher Training Colleges and the type of Teacher Training Colleges.

    This study has targeted directors, lecturers and students from the Teacher Training Colleges. Questionnaires were prepared including items concerning demographic and socio-economic information and thereafter distributed to all three groups. Furthermore, the participants responded about the motivations for students and teachers to enroll in the Teacher Training Colleges. The study will also investigate if eventual differences existed in the enrolment procedures of the students and the recruitment process of the teachers between public and private Teacher Training Colleges.

    Based on Ministry of Education’s policy implementation this study found more similarities than differences between public and private Teacher Training Colleges. Differences included enrolment of students through advertisement by the private Teacher Training Colleges while public Teacher Training Colleges enrolled students through the university-admission test called kankor. The recruitment process of teachers’ was the same, at both public and Private Teacher Training Colleges –in which recruited teachers should have minimum 75% average marks at university. The main motives behind teachers’ teaching at public and private Teacher Training Colleges were either close distance to their houses or similar cultural environment at Teacher Training Colleges. Likewise, many students at Private Teacher Training Colleges were enrolled because of high quality of education. Meanwhile Public Teacher Training Colleges, students argued that the study facilities in Public Teacher Training Colleges are better, thus they want to continue education at Public Teacher Training Colleges.

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  • 28. Abdulah, Meryam
    Straff- och processrätten i förändring: en kritisk diskursanalys av föreslagna lagändringar mot gängkriminalitet2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nya regeringens tillträde markerar vad statsministern i sin regeringsförklaring kallar för inledningen av “den största offensiven i svensk historia mot organiserad brottslighet”. Offensiven ska bland annat ta sig uttryck i form av omfattande reformer inom straff- och processrätten, med en lång rad lagförslag som är ämnade att bekämpa gängkriminaliteten.

    Det föreslås bland annat ett införande av bestämmelser som skulle möjliggöra upprättandet av visitationszoner - avgränsade områden var polisen under viss tid får befogenheten att visitera personer, bostäder och fordon utan adekvat brottsmisstanke. Därutöver föreslås skärpta straff genom många lagändringar, bland dem en ny straffskärpningsgrund som ska ge gängkriminella dubbla straff. Samtidigt avser regeringen att kriminalisera deltagandet i kriminella gäng.

    De nu uppräknade lagförslagen utgör analysmaterialet för arbetet, och här tillämpas en kritisk diskursanalys med syftet att utreda hur förslagen korrelerar till gängkriminalitetsdiskursen. Analysmetoden bygger på en socialkonstruktionistisk grund som medger att vi gemensamt konstruerar vår förståelse för världen i sociala processer, samtidigt som teorin kännetecknas vid en uppfattning om att det finns en stark relation mellan kunskapen, vår verklighet och språket vi använder.

    Arbetet bygger på premissen om att en textproduktion föregås av sociala processer och att texten säger något om iakttagarens uppfattning om det den skildrar. Därtill finns premissen om att det som förmedlas i texten kan bidra till meningsskapande genom de sociala processer som följer textmottagandet. Den kritiska diskursanalysen tillämpas här i tre steg, eller på tre “nivåer” - textuell dimension, diskursiv praktik och social praktik.

    Av de rättdogmatiska inslagen i arbetet framgår det att aktuella lagförslag omgärdas av frågor kring rättssäkerhet, proportionalitet och iakttagna brister i förhållande till de straff- och processrättsliga principerna. Inom ramen för analysen har det vidare konstaterats att lagförslagen präglas av genomgående hög modalitet - hög instämmandegrad till det egna påståendet - och att gängkriminalitetsdiskursen intar en central roll i texterna. Gängkriminella ställs i kontrast till civilsamhället och tryggheten, och dessa diskurser påverkas av sättet på vilket gängkriminaliteten skildras.

    Det konstateras framstå en bild av ett uppdelat samhälle, villkor för inträdet i samhällets kollektiv och en rättsstat som framställs som särskilt auktoritär. Det har konkluderats föreligga starka intertextuella samband mellan texterna, men de diskurser som här är aktuella har inte anförts vara formade av textförfattarna ensamma. Istället är det, i enlighet med den socialkonstruktionistiska grundidén, ett komplext system av påståenden som bidrar till konstruktionen av vår förståelse för ett utsnitt ur världen. Med det sagt finns i texterna stor avsaknad av nyansering, och trots det som konkluderats ur rättsdogmatisk aspekt tycks synen på gängkriminalitet och gängkriminella bli den bärande faktorn för förespråkandet av lagförslagen.

    I analysen inom den sociala praktiken har även textmottagandet diskuterats, och här har det konkluderats föreligga risk för att textbudskapet uppehåller utanförskapsstrukturer och upplevd underlägsenhet inför den auktoritära rättsstaten.

  • 29.
    Abdulla, Lana
    Karlstad University.
    Mahr i svensk rätt: En studie om mahr i förhållande till svensk rätt2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Abdullahi, Asso
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Kompetensöverföring vid en generationsväxling2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 31.
    Abdulrahman, Abubakar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Hussien, Citra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    The Role Of Online Video Advertising In Brand Awareness2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to examine the role of online video advertising in brand awareness. In order to provide marketers information regarding the impact online video advertising has on its customers, as online video advertising is increasing in relevance in terms of creating brand awareness.

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  • 32. Abdulwahab Gaib, Fatin
    et al.
    Hassan, Lul
    Kvinnors ställning i kollisionerna mellan svensk rätt och sunnitisk sharia-rätt: Med fokus på den sunnitiska kvinnans arvsrättsliga förhållanden och mahr2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Det vi alla har gemensamt är bristen på kunskap.[1]

    Sverige betraktas i dagsläget vara ett mångkulturellt samhälle med förekomsten av många olika etniciteter, religioner och språk. Mångkulturalismen har lett till olika slags kollisioner, främst mellan sharia-rätten och svensk lagstiftning då många av de som på senare tid har invandrat till Sverige är muslimer. Sharia-rätten anses strida mot svensk lagstiftning på olika sätt och det har uppstått diskussioner kring hur sharia-rätten ska få tillämpas i Sverige, på vissa områden, eller inte.

    Det finns som ovan nämnts kollisioner mellan svensk lag och den sunnitiska sharia-rätten och vi har därför avgränsat vår uppsats till att undersöka kollisionerna som uppstår i samband med den sunnitiska kvinnans arvsrättsliga förhållanden och svensk arvsrätt samt mellan mahr (brudpengen)[2] och svenska grundläggande rättsprinciper. Vi har undersökt kollisionerna som uppstår i nämnda rättsområden ur ett kvinnoperspektiv och vårt syfte har varit att genom dessa kollisioner förklara att den sunnitiska sharia-rätten inte förtrycker kvinnan och att västerländsk medias bild av den sunnimuslimska kvinnan är felaktig och förvrängd. Om den som det verkligen berör, dvs. den sunnimuslimska kvinnan, inte själv ser sig som förtryckt och underordnad männen, varför ska då media ständigt sträva efter att förmedla den motsatta bilden? Vi är av den uppfattningen att det kan bero på okunskap om sharia-rätten och dess syften, för att återkoppla till det inledande citatet.

    Det som vi har kommit fram till är att om det svenska samhället förstår den sunnitiska sharia-rättens bakomliggande syften bör den också få tillämpas i Sverige. Vi anser att om personerna som det rör, dvs. t.ex. personer med medborgarskap i ett muslimskt land vill tillämpa sharia-rättens sunnitiska arvsrätt i Sverige, ska de få möjlighet att göra det. Görs inte detta riskerar samhället att försumma dessa personers vilja genom att förneka dessa personers rättsliga band till sitt hemland eller ett annat land som de är medborgare i.

    Vi har försökt att föra ett realistiskt resonemang och är medvetna om att en enda uppsats av detta slag inte kommer att ändra ett helt lands uppfattningar samt radera fördomar och förutfattade meningar för att istället ersätta dem med förståelse och acceptans. Dock är vi övertygade om att denna uppsats är ett steg i rätt riktning, om inte annat. Säkert är att det behövs fler akademiska verk av detta slag, inte minst avhandlingar, för att upplysa och förklara hur det verkligen ligger till.

    Om det som vi alla har gemensamt är bristen på kunskap bör det också vara så att vi även har det gemensamt att kunskap om saker och ting kan ändra våra uppfattningar.

    [1] Citat av Gustafsson, Kerstin, Profetens döttrar – Muslimska kvinnor i Sverige, s. 7.

    [2] Mahr (brudpengen) motsvarar det äldre svenska rättsinstitutet morgongåvan. Inom islam ger mannen en summa pengar till sin blivande hustru, oftast ges en del av summan innan äktenskapets ingående och den större delen av summan ges vid en eventuell skilsmässa. Summan utgör en ekonomisk säkerhet för kvinnan. Se kapitel fem för närmare beskrivning av mahr.

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  • 33.
    ABEI, YOLANDA AJI
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Impact of Internal Control on Fraud Detection and Prevention in Microfinance Institutions2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microfinance institutions (MFIs) are an important tool of poverty reduction which has gained grounds over the years and grown rapidly given the services they provide. The rapid growth of the MFIs has had huge challenges on their regulatory framework which in turn has resulted in the prevalence of fraudulent cases. With the devasting effects of fraud on MFIs and the importance of MFIs in many economies this thesis aims to examine how the design and use of internal control impact fraud detection and prevention in MFIs. To achieve this aim, a qualitative study was conducted with a case study on eight MFIs in Cameroon. Primary data will be obtained from fourteen semi-structured interviews. Data will be analysed manually using thematic analysis. The findings revealed that internal control has a positive impact on fraud detection and prevention in MFIs by reducing fraud incentive, opportunity, rationalization, and capability. Further, findings revealed that the greatest causes of fraud in MFIs are poor remuneration, weak monitoring, and a poor internal control system. Therefore, for the purpose of future fraud prevention, MFIs should ensure to improve their remuneration schemes, improve1 their monitoring system and ensure regular internal control system updates in term of software and design. The study also, suggests further research on this topic in MFIs with a case study in other countries of the world. It will also be interesting for other researchers to explore how the aspect of capability as a key determinant of fraud can be reduced. This thesis contributes to academic literature as there is lack of studies on the impact of internal control on fraud detection and prevention in MFIs.

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  • 34.
    Abelholt, Philippa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Att främja miljömässigt hållbart beteende: Projektledares strategier i beteendeförändrande projekt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den genomsnittliga privata konsumtionen i Sverige är långt ifrån miljömässigt hållbar. Studien belyser projektledares strategier i beteendeförändrande projekt med inriktning på miljömässigt hållbar konsumtion. Det handlar inte bara om att påverka vad vi konsumerar, utan även om att säkerställa hållbara konsumtionsnivåer och förändra beteenden. I genomförda semistrukturerade intervjuer berättar projektledare om vikten av flexibilitet och nytänkande för att hitta innovativa lösningar som kan få människor att förändra konsumtionsmönster, resvanor och attityder. I projekt med hög teknisk komplexitet förespråkas kontinuerlig uppföljning och utvärdering för att utröna vilka insatser som är bäst lämpade för att nå projektmålen. Effekterna och målen av beteendeförändrande projekt är ibland svåra att mäta och den förespråkade flexibiliteten riskerar att inskränkas om tidsram och budget är för snäv. Beteendeförändrande projekt bör vara lustfyllda och inkludera målgruppens viljor och åsikter för att förmedla känsla av självbestämmande. Att fortsätta att påminna om ett önskat beteende och designa situationer som gör det lätt för omgivningen att agerar ökar chansen att hållbara beteenden fortgår. Att visa upp goda exempel på beteenden som gynnar miljö bidrar till att beteendena så sakteliga blir norm och sprids i samhället. Det mest effektiva är dock att reglera konsumtionsmönster och resvanor med strängare lagar.

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  • 35.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    2 minuters träning per arbetspass.2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att vara doktorand2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 38.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Vad gör man när man jobbar på ett universitet och forskar om ambulansen?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Abenius, Josefine
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Kortman, Emilia
    Karlstad University.
    “Varför sjönk dom?”: Ett utforskande av fenomenen flyta och sjunka med de yngre barnen2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to contribute knowledge about how 2-4-year-oldsexplore the physical phenomena of floating and sinking, and how a practicalactivity can contribute to development and learning. To respond to the study,observation was chosen as the method where a designed activity with thevariation theory as support was conducted in three groups of children, theactivity was then divided into four phases for us students to get a clearerstructure. The theory was made visible by making the phenomena the objectof learning in the exploration. The children themselves got to explore and thinkabout which aspects determined whether something floated or sank usingvariations on similar objects. The three activities were filmed and lateranalyzed using the research questions and categories that emerged using theanswers from the four phases.The result shows that it is possible to perform a float and sink activity with theyounger children in preschool. Something that connects to Jean Piaget´s stagetheory was that the youngest children stopped their exploration when theycame up with a hypothesis and they saw what was happening. Our result showsthat, when they are four years old, they start to come up with explanations forthe hypotheses they have given about how an object behaves in a certain wayin water. The most common thing that the children referred to was the weightof the object. They concluded that an object sank because it was heavy, butthey also reasoned that an object floated because it was heavy. This shows thatthey don’t have the answers fully but the thoughts and the will to understand.

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  • 41.
    Abo-Hareb, Elias
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Ahmad, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Revisorers upplevelser av tidsstyrningens påverkan på arbetstillfredsställelsen2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Auditors are considered the most important resource of audit firms, yet many auditors have chosen to leave the auditing industry. One of the fundamental factors for auditors’ decision to leave audit firms is decreased job satisfaction. In the audit industry, time management, is the dominant form of control that primarily affects audit associates and senior auditors. However, time management has become increasingly tighter in recent years, leading to higher demands for completing the audit within significantly tighter time frames. Tighter time management leads to increased time pressure and stress, which can affect auditors’ job satisfaction, and their decision to leave the audit industry. To further understand how time management may influence auditors’ job satisfaction, self-determination theory was considered, emphasizing the importance of basic psychological needs such as competence, relatedness and autonomy. By considering self-determination theory, a more nuanced understanding was obtained of how time management affected auditors’ job satisfaction. 

    Previous studies have mainly focused on how dysfunctional behaviours develop due to tighter time management. However, there are limited studies on how time management impacts auditors’ job satisfaction, resulting in an identified knowledge gap. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to increase understanding of how audit associates and senior auditors in the audit industry perceive that time management affects their job satisfaction. To achieve this purpose, a qualitative method was applied. 15 interviews were conducted with audit associates and senior auditors working at one of the Big Four audit firms. 

    The results of the study show that auditors perceive the time management as something positive for their job satisfaction. The auditors experienced that time management provided clear goals, planning, structure, and opportunities for professional development, which increased job satisfaction. However, those auditors who did not experience job satisfaction referred to understaffing as a factor that resulted in increased workload and, consequently, lower job satisfaction. Therefore, the study can be said to contribute to a better understanding of how audit associates and senior auditors perceive the impact of time management on their job satisfaction.

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  • 42.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    A post-colonial perspective on African education systems2020In: African Journal of Education and Practice, E-ISSN 2519-0296, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 40-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss about precolonial and colonial education and the development of the education systems in the postcolonial Africa. The paper will deal with the questions whether there were any education systems in precolonial Africa and motives for introducing the colonial education systems. Further the relation of the colonial education systems with the needs of the local society, the postcolonial education systems and their future will be analysed. 

    Methodology: Postcolonial perspective is a theoretical frame for the study. A desk-research was conducted to identify and select the relevant literature. Content analysis was used as a method to understand, analyse and interpret the literature. 

    Findings: The results of the literature review show that there were socialization mechanisms before colonialism in African societies. Education introduced in its modern form by missionaries was supposed to serve mainly religious purposes and to train low level functionaries by colonial states. Instead of focusing on local realities education was used to teach the glories of the colonial countries, spread their language and culture as well as introduce a new way of life by condemning all that was native. After independence the inherited colonial education systems continued isolating the masses who had no access to the colonial languages. 

    Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: Findings of this study shows some limitations in African education systems. It is necessary that education policy makers and other concerned stakeholders´ to increase the use of local languages to reach the society at large, to focus on contents relevant to their contexts, to provide both theoretical and skill-based education useful for development of society and to aim towards educating productive, conscious, critical and democratic citizens.

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    African Education Systems
  • 43.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    African education systems, a postcolonial perspective2012Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 44.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?2012In: Karlstads Pedagogiska Tidskrift, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 121-125Article in journal (Other academic)
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    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?
  • 45.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Book review: Education, Social Progress, and Marginalized Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Historical Antecedents and Contemporary Challenges2018Other (Other academic)
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    Book Review
  • 46.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94).2008In: Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo94)., 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory School Curricula of South Africa (RNCS1, 2002) and Sweden (Lpo 294).

    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the compulsory school curricula of South Africa and Sweden. It focuses on contexts for their introduction, main actors in the process, democratic values they contain and their similarities and differences. Norman Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is used for analysis. The curricula and references to other literatures show similarities and differences. Contextual similarities are that both countries were once under oppression and their masses were isolated from the education process and more resources were invested on their elites. At present the curricula of both countries strives for democratic education. A major difference is equal opportunities for the students to attend a school of their choice are higher in Sweden than in South Africa. The Swedish curriculum is more concrete on issues related to students, teachers and other school staff’s rights and responsibilities, and on relations between school, home and society.

    Key words: South Africa, Sweden, Curricula, and Democratic values

  • 47.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Critical Pedagogy: Origin, Vision, Action & Consequences2014In: KAPET, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 90-98Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical pedagogy is a transformation-based approach to education. The aim of this article is to introduce the origin, vision, action and consequences of critical pedagogy. It also aims on finding out about educators’ possibility of actualising it in their practice. As a source materials articles, book chapters and books are used. The literature shows that critical pedagogy has its origin in the tradition of critical theory of the Frankfurt School and the work of the Brazilian pedagog Paulo Freire. According to the literature, its major theses is that education should go beyond transfer of knowledge and training the future labour force; to help developing critical consciousness, which leads to transformation of the individual, learning environment and society at large. Critical pedagogy is criticised for a focus on macro level system, for not having a model for classroom implementation and for being abstract. Despite some critics, I argue that critical pedagogy has still the potential to empower those in the field of education to increase their consciousness about the injustice in their society and to involve in transforming it.

     

    Keywords: Critical pedagogy, critical thinking, critical theory, dialogue, Frankfurt School, transformation.

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  • 48.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Curriculum Reform and Life Orientation Education in Post Apartheid South Africa2010In: Education Policy / [ed] Gregory Papanikos, Athens: Athens Institute for Education and Research , 2010, p. 79-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Democratic Values in the Comprehensive Schools Curricula of the Nordic Countries.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic values in the comprehensive schools curricula of the Nordic countries.

     

    The major focus of this paper is to find out which aspects of democratic values are emphasised in the comprehensive schools curricula of the five Nordic countries. It is also an intention of the paper to find out similarities and differences in emphasis and if available data allows to further investigate the reasons for differences and similarities.

    Major sources for the work were curricula of comprehensive schools from the different Nordic countries. Each countries current curriculum was closely read to understand their contents and to undertake comparative analysis. Text analysis was used as a major tool to look closely at the text and context. For further knowledge journals on curriculum studies and other relevant materials were consulted.

    A preliminary review of the general section of comprehensive schools curricula of these countries show:

    In the Danish curriculum participation, responsibility and understanding rights and duties are emphasised.

    The Finnish curriculum raises issues on human rights, equality, natural diversity, preservation of environment and multiculturalism. Responsibility, a sense of community and respect for the right and freedom of the individual are emphasised. General diversity and gender equality are given significant attention.

    In the Icelandic curriculum the major focus is human rights, collective responsibility, participation, influencing, and respect. Concern for people, animal and the environment are included in the curriculum. Critical thinking and reflection, active cooperation & collective responsibility are also emphasised.

    The Norwegian curriculum mentions understanding, cooperation, independence, individual freedom and tolerance as important issues.

    Swedish curriculum raises issues on respect for human rights, respect for persons and the environment. It considers inviolability of human life, individual freedom and integrity, equality between women and men, solidarity with the weak and vulnerable as crucial points. Sense of justice, generosity of spirit, tolerance and responsibility, well-being and development of the individual, no discrimination and personal responsibility were among the areas the curriculum lifted up.

    The curricula in these five countries give room for democratic values. There are some variations on emphasises on specific issues. But all the curricula include issues of rights and responsibilities.

    Keywords: curricula, democratic values, Nordic countries

  • 50.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Education for Democracy?: Life Orientation: Lessons on Leadeship Qualities and Voting in South African Comprehensive Schools2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study takes as its starting point how teachers understand, interpret and teach social development aspects of Life Orientation in South African comprehensive schools. The specific focus is on lessons on leadership qualities and voting for third grade learners in four schools, each dominated by either Black, Coloured, White or mixed groups of learners. Field work with an ethnographic approach and a qualitative strategy was used to gain access to empirical data. Policy and curriculum documents, guidelines and textbooks were used. Classroom observations in four classes and interviews with 14 third grade teachers were conducted. Theoretical concepts of construction, deconstruction and reconstruction are applied. Ulf P Lundgren’s Frame Factor Theory is used to study school organization. Basil Bernstein’s Pedagogical Devices are considered when examining the different levels of pedagogical activities. To be a teacher in South Africa one needs to attend at least two years of teacher education after completing high school. Teachers in the classes studied underwent their teacher education during apartheid years. Due to limited in-service training, they sometimes experience problems of understanding and interpreting the learning area, which they usually tackle by consulting documents, colleagues or school authorities. The learners’ understanding varied based on their family background and type of school they attended. There were enormous differences in material, financial and organisational resources between classes and schools. The resources for teaching leadership qualities and voting were not, however, different between the classes. The lessons were teacher dominated and direct transmission was used as a method. The way teachers facilitated the lesson on leadership qualities and voting varied but all showed some democratic shortcomings. Apart from answering questions, learners were neither invited nor encouraged to participate to further their understanding of the theme. Limited aspects of leadership qualities were discussed, individual leaders’ roles were emphasised and the teachers picked candidates for class leaders in three of the classes. It was also evident that the class environments were not suitable for critical or creative thinking and democratic upbringing. The schools reproduced norms, values, languages and cultures of the different groups. Officially, teachers emphasised the common national South African identity. This emphasis on national identity could disguise the injustice some groups experience in society.

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