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  • 1. Adam, Andersson
    Lärarnas syn på friluftsliv i Idrott och Hälsa: En kvantitativ studie om Idrott och Hälsa lärares syn på undervisningen i friluftsliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor education is becoming an increasingly larger subject in Swedish schools.  It makes up about a third of the curriculum in Physical education. In this quantitative study, the result shows that physical education teachers believe they have enough material resources to teach in outdoor education. However, this not applies to the students and the material they bring from home. The teachers feel that they have enough knowledge about outdoor education to teach in the subject and most considers that they have an area close to the school there they have opportunity to teach outdoor education. When it comes to how the school and colleagues are working with or against the physical education teachers, the teachers responded that a small majority of the schools work together with success regarding the curriculums in outdoor education. When it comes to how involved their colleagues are in planning and implementing outdoor activates the majority answered that they receive help from their colleagues.  

  • 2. Afrasiabi, Soran
    Kroppsideal i skolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Ahlberg, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Att utveckla elevers psykiska förmåga: Mental träning i ämnet idrott och hälsa2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to find out how teachers can develop the psychological ability of their pupils within the subject of physical education. To find an answer to this, two researchers were interviewed in a qualitative way and four teachers in physical education were interviewed structurally. Current literature was also red. I tried to answer if there are any differences, or similarities, between two scientists’ and four teachers’ in physical education perspectives regarding methods to develop pupils’ psychological ability. The thesis also tries to answer which practical exercises in mental training that could be used in the teaching of physical education and how teachers in physical education can use mental training to motivate the pupils to strive for high grades.

    This study shows that the pupils’ psychological ability can be developed through different mental exercises. To develop the pupils’ self-confidence by giving theme suitable exercises with a degree of difficulty that are on a slightly higher level than what the pupils think they can manage is one way. A similarity between the opinions of the scientists and the teachers in physical education is the importance of good communication with the pupils. Further, the two scientists emphasized the importance of making the pupils involved in the planning and contents of the lessons. The teachers in physical education did not share this opinion.

    To develop the pupils’ self-knowledge and make theme strive for a grade, reasonable for their personal abilities, may increase motivation. In my thesis I have realised that a teacher’s behaviour is also important. The teacher needs to have a sensitive ear, use constructive feedback to the pupils and, to a reasonable extent, get the pupils involved in the planning and the contents of the lessons.

  • 4.
    Ahlfors, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Byström, Dan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hur satsar arbetsgivaren på hälsofrämjande åtgärder och hur uppfattas i så fall dessa av personalen?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5. Aleskog, Oscar
    Skavsår och skrubbsår: En studie om idrottslärares upplevelser av skador2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Andersson, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet - Psykisk hälsa: En enkätundersökning om hur högstadieelever upplever att fysisk aktivitet påverkar psykisk hälsa2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen var att få en bild av högstadieelevers uppfattning om hur fysisk aktivitet påverkar psykisk hälsa samt idrottsundervisningens påverkan på psykisk hälsa.

    Det var en kvantitativ undersökning med enkäter, där 124 högstadieelever från två mellansvenska skolor besvarade enkäten.

    Resultatet visade att 85.5% av eleverna upplevde att fysisk aktivitet påverkar psykisk hälsa positivt när det gäller att känna sig avslappnad, humöret, självuppfattning och bättre livskvalitet. 71. 5 % av eleverna ansåg att de i idrottsundervisningen fick de lära sig om hur fysisk aktivitet har betydelse för hälsan hela livet.

    Däremot upplevde flertalet av eleverna att det som händer i omklädningsrummet och i samband med duschen samt kamraternas påverkan i samband med idrottsundervisningen var stressande faktorer.

     

  • 7.
    Andersson, Frida
    Karlstad University.
    Idrottsprofilerad gymnasieutbildning: En studie om samarbetet mellan gymnasieskolan och ishockeyn2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Andersson, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Mål och motivation hos elitjuniorer i höjdhopp: En kvalitativ studie om hur elitjuniorer i höjdhopp arbetar med målsättningar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how the Swedish elite juniors in the high

    jump use goals based on current research. Most are setting up goals, but few

    understand how they can best use them. Goal setting can help the individual to a

    higher level of motivation, which in turn promotes a higher intensity for a longer

    period of time in the relatively tough training as an elite athlete commits. However,

    there is also the risk that the objectives hamper performance if used incorrectly.

    Which means it probably requires a good knowledge and experience to succeed. 10

    athletes were interviewed that in 2009 competed in the junior classes and formed the

    country's primary. The results show that there were well-developed thoughts of most

    on their goals that also was the fundamental reason to why they competed. However,

    there were indications that these goals were not used optimally for the active

    achievements. Some of this was a lack of communication between the coach and

    active in the goal setting process. A discussion took place on this basis of how goals

    can be optimized for a high jumper. In addition an opinion that goals of specific

    heights is negative was found which led to a discussion of goal focus at different

    times.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Rörelsens betydelse i förskolan: - en undersökning i en svart kåkstad2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this report has been to study if physical movement is used as an activity in a South African preschool and how, where and when physical movement is used in the preschool and also why they use the physical movement. I have under ten days been in a preschool in the black township Lingelihle to follow the teachers work. My view of literature treats following theme: What is physical movement and the meaning of physical movement for the child. The methods that I have used are qualitative interviews and observations. The result that I have found out from the interviews and observations shows that physical movement is used as an activity in the preschool. The teacher’s and the principal means that the child through physical movement develops socially and motor skill.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Faktorer som kan påverka friluftsundervisningen: - en kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares uppfattningar om friluftsliv och friluftsundervisning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative interview study PE-teachers perceptions of outdoor teaching in schools in the North-West region of Götaland, in Sweden, were examined. The following key issues were examined; attitudes and experiences, frameworks, as well as didactic approach, which prevails in outdoor education, and the aim was to investigate outdoor education related to these factors. The study reveals, among other things, that:

    • The teachers have similar attitudes and experiences for outdoor recreation. Their vision seems to have been marked by experiences in later ages.

    • The teachers are relatively satisfied with the constitutional, organizational and physical frameworks of today, but that those frames are factors that affect outdoor teaching.

    • The teachers try to prioritize the field of outdoor activities to a greater extent than in the past, but they have slightly different didactical approaches.

    In order to investigate these issues, qualitative and semi-structured interviews were used as a method for data collection. Five different teachers at five different schools, in North-West of Götaland, has been interviewed. The study was anchored in three theoretical frameworks; habitus theory, frame factor theory and didactics.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Rebecca
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Resonemang omkring motivation: En undersökning av elitsatsande gymnasieelevers motivationsfaktorer i fotboll vid en NIU skola i Sverige.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: 

    Elite soccer in combination with education is a unique and demanding task. The path towards a glory career in sports takes hard mental and physical training. The objectives in this study are 6 elite focused high school students studying high school education programs in combination with football profile. They are 3 of each gender. The purpose of the study was to find out more about their perspective of motivation and what makes them keep going towards a career in football in beside their education.

    The study is of empiric hermeneutic survey used qualitative method and interviewing to collect data. The results have shown several patterns and similarities, also differences. They all see motivation as a mental force. They appreciate the social factors from parents through support and commitment in their football. Several of them found their interests in football through their parent’s interest in football. They are motivated by development and promotion in divisions. They are all experiencing a need of having fun towards their elite focused career. 

  • 12.
    Arvidsson, Johan
    Karlstad University.
    Hälsa och livsstil- Vad är det?: En kvalitativ studie av verksamma idrottslärares tolkningar av hälsa och livsstil2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13. Augustsson, C.
    et al.
    Patriksson, G.
    Stråhlman, O.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Vilka får de bästa tiderna? En analys av fördelningen av träningstider inom föreningsidrotten2008In: I G. Patriksson (Red.), SVEBI:s årsbok, 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Har det blivit "vardag" att inte röra på sig?2009In: Värmlänningarnas liv & hälsa 2008, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2009, 119-125 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, J
    Användning av målsättning hos elitjuniorer i höjdhopp2010In: SVEBI:s årsbok / [ed] Patriksson, G, SVEBI , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, G.
    Stråhlman, O.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Analys av träningstider inom föreningsidrotten- en studie av sju lagidrotter sett ur ett ålders- och könsperspektiv2008Report (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Idrottshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Stråhlman, Owe
    Idrottshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Tillgänglighet och nyttjande av träningstider i idrottsanläggningar2010In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 19, no 1, 58-61 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Axelsson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Division for Educational Sciences.
    Smarta rörelser: En observation av motorisk utveckling2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom massmedia kommer ständigt nya rapporter om hur fel dagens unga lever. Att det är mycket stillasittande, ohälsosam kost, och att barnen inte leker eller rör på sig naturligt. Det pågår mycket forskning om detta, hur barnen påverkas motoriskt sett, och då även inlärningsmässigt. Jag har tittat närmare på motoriken. Till grund för detta arbete, hur den motoriska utvecklingen bland 10- åringar är, ligger ett rörelseprojekt, kallat SMARTIS. Det är en skolsatsning från Handslaget, via riksidrottsförbundet som ska pågå under tre år för att få in mer rörelse i skolan. I projektets början gjordes en videoinspelning där 43 elever filmades i tolv olika rörelsemoment. Filmen har jag tillsamans med anställda inom projektet tagit del av och analyserat. Syftet med observationen var att se om det fanns några motoriska brister hos eleverna, och utforska vad man kan göra för förebyggande åtgärder. Av de observerade mellanstadiebarnen visade det sig att motoriken var förhållandevis god.

  • 19.
    Bengtsson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Idrottande ungdomars attityd till doping: - En studie bland idrottsgymnasister i Karlstad och Torsby2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sports research in the field of social science has shown that regular physical activity leads to wellbeing and positively affects the quality of life. A natural part of being an athlete is learning the functions of the human body, and what’s harmful and destructive, such as drugs (RF 1995). Doping is a constant problem in professional sport. Doping and manipulation of medical preparations in order to maximise performance is one of modern sport’s major problems, according to Blom and Lindroth (1995).

    I thought it would be interesting to see what the next generation of athletes thinks of doping. The purpose of this survey is to investigate the views on doping among adolescent athletes in ages 15-19. What do they think of it? Are they for or against it? Do they believe that doping is commonly used in elite competition? Would they consider using these substances themselves, if they were legalised?

    The selection of participants is 130 adolescents in ages 15-19. (83 boys, 47 girls.) All respondents are students at upper secondary sports schools, competing in the following events: Alpine sports, soccer, track and field, ice hockey, biathlon, and cross-country skiing.

    The foundation “Ren Idrott” has conducted a survey showing that as many as 86,3 percent of the respondents in ages 15-21 believe that doping is commonly or very commonly used in elite sports (RF 2005). The notion that using enhancements is necessary to become world champion did not have much support in this survey. Only 4 % stated that they would use preparations if it guaranteed them the world champion title. A whole 73% believed it would be easy to obtain preparations if one wanted to. Their primary reason to refuse preparationwas the risk of physical injury. A majority of the respondents felt that it is everyone’s individual choice whether to use them.All respondents considered doping in sports unacceptable. 11% of the respondents would however consider using preparations if they were legalised.

  • 20.
    Berglund, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Universitetsstudenters kostvanor: En tvärsnittsstudie om en grupp universitetstudenters upplevda kostvanor och kunskap i ämnet samt hur de upplever hälsotrenden.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Berntsson, Annika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Moberg, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Anhörigas upplevelser i samband med närståendes insjuknande i utmattningssyndrom2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Björkdahl, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Jonsson, Malin
    Karlstad University.
    Motivationsfaktorer för motionärer: En kvantitativ studie gällande om yngre och äldre motionärer motionerar av samma motivationsfaktorer på träningslokaler2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation plays a significant role when it comes to why people choose to exercise. The aim off the study was to see if young athletes between 18-30 years of age and older athletes of 65 years and older exercise on training facilities for the same motivation factors, and to see which of the five motivation factors (physical, psychological, social, feel good and external factors) is most important, and even if there are any gender differences. Through a quantitative survey 40 respondents from two different training facilities in Karlstad, Friskis och svettis and Livskraft have participated and the results have shown that there are no major differences between either age groups or gender in the selection group. In addition, the results showed that the “feel good”-factor was the main motivation, closely followed by the “psychological” that includes coping with stress, be happy and self-confident; and the “physical” which means that they want to improve their body appearance, getting in shape and also want the body to feel good. This shows that health is important for the respondents; in terms of that “physical” and “psychological” have been valued highly. The results also showed that there were no connection between gender and age in relation to motivation factors and the external factors are not as relevant to the respondents as the other motivational factors. 

  • 23.
    Björklund, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Motivation, reglering och beteende ur ett självbestämmandeperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie av ideella ledare i idrottsföreningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Sports in Sweden has its foundation among voluntary coaches. Those coaches are very important for Swedish sports as they are often seen to be very important to the sport. A voluntary engagement is something done in your spare time and it is unpaid. This study is aimed at smaller sports clubs, especially in the sport of cycling. Often it is the same person that is a coach for training and also are involved in organization, this differs from larger sport clubs.

    The aim of this study is to examine voluntary coaches in smaller cycling clubs. Understanding how to keep these coaches with great motivation is important also in other places within the organization because of the smaller club. To do this I have used a motivational theory named Self-Determination Theory.

    In this study I have used qualitative approach as well as I have done six interviews among coaches in cycle clubs. I have used semi-structured interview method and then I have analyzed my data with a qualitative content analysis.

    The main finding of this study shows that voluntary coaches often are inspired by an intrinsic motivation, and that the coaches often meet their followers with openness.

    In the discussion, the results of this study get related to earlier research and theories. There I also show a concrete tip for how to strengthen intrinsic motivation in voluntary coaches. This can be useful by voluntary clubs and organizations.

  • 24.
    Björklund, Jakob
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Parmhed, Jesper
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Alkohol- och tobaksvanor inom fotboll: En jämförelse mellan alkohol- och tobaksvanor inom olika divisioner i herrfotboll2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to examine alcohol and tobacco habits in men's soccer in the in Sweden and compare those habits in different divisions. The method we used in the study was aquantitative survey report. Two teams participated in the survey, one team from the fifth divisionand one from the second division. The respondents (n=34) are born between 1977 and 1996. The results turned out to be very interesting because it both confirm and denies our hypothesis that players in higher divisions use less tobacco and alcohol than players in lower divisions. For example we found out that 21 % of division two players use snus regularly compared with only 10 % of division five players. We have also examined alcohol habits in both a general way and also compared those habits between the divisions, and we have also investigated how and if alcohol is consumed during parties that are held at the season finales.

  • 25.
    Björn, Adolfsson
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Sebastian, Syversen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Motivationsfaktorer inom idrott: En jämförelse mellan personer som tränar på gym och lagidrott2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Bohlin Hogen, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Henner, Monika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Utmattningssyndrom: En gränssättningsproblematik2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Stress related psychological health-problems such as burn-out syndrome are complex issues which have been much debated. Much have been published on this topic but only a handful of studies have been conducted where individuals diagnosed with burn-out syndrome have been given the opportunity to describe the cause-effect of their condition. Different explanations and perspectives are described in the literature concerning this topic but the current view as to why people are afflicted by burn-out syndrome is based on a work-related perspective. We wanted to explore if the current view on the topic is in accordance with the diagnosed individuals view on the causes of their symptoms. Our intention was also to investigate into the possibility that there could be more or other causality behind the burn-out process.  

     

    The purpose of this study is twofold. First, to investigate how individuals with burn-out syndrome rate different causes in terms of importance to their process of burning out. Second, to try to describe and analyze these statements in a wider context.

     

    For this study, we chose to use a qualitative methodology. Data were collected from interviews where adapted research questions were asked. Seven respondents diagnosed with burn-out syndrome or other stress related disorders participated.

     

    The results show that work-related factors often are the triggers for the process of burning out, but hidden factors, such as conditions in the childhood and traumatic life events which can contribute to performance-based self-esteem, are even more significant. Overall patterns for burn-out syndrome show an inability to create personal boundaries, “dysfunctional personal boundaries”. This dysfunction is, in our opinion, the consequence of the hidden factors and in itself plays a crucial role in the burn-out process.

  • 27.
    Boije, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Ingen förtjänar att bli kränkt: En kvantitativ studie om kränkande handlingar inom ämnet idrott och hälsa2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about how offensive deeds takes place in the subject of physical education in school, which affects all who find themselves in this arena. The purpose of the essay is to gain knowledge about the frequency of abusive acts occur, what are the different forms which are found and if these differ depending on gender and on which sites these actions mainly occurs in the subject of sport and health. The study is directed to people who are 20-30 years old and how they experienced abu- sive acts took place at the high school. The empirical material consists of 69 questionnaires an- swered by (34 male, 35 female).

    The main conclusions of the study show that abusive conduct is a common problem in sports educa- tion but that can be difficult to detect. There is always a social power game between students that take shape in various abusive forms, which are difficult and some are easier to notice as an outsider. Another conclusion is that girls and boys express their aggression in different ways, subtle and visi- ble. A commonly used form offensive acts manifesting itself is verbal in the two sexes. Further in- vites the sports hall as many situations where the teacher does not have sufficient supervision and attendance so that violations are detected. Places such as in the locker room, at sports activities in the team classification, queues for activities created room so that violations can occur. 

  • 28.
    Brander, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Elevinflytande inom Idrott och hälsa: En studie om idrottslärares uppfattningar kring elevinflytande2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Brandt, Mattias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Hälsa i ämnet Idrott och hälsa: En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares perspektiv på och arbetet med hälsa i ämnet Idrott och hälsa.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to study high school PE teachers´ experience of health in high school and how they work with health in their physical education. This was examined by interviewing five high PE school teachers. The results show that all teachers were in the category humanistic approach. They saw health as more than only absence of sickness. The methods for using health in their physical education were divided into three different categories; physical health, improve the individual and theoretical health. In these categories, different specific methods to work with health, appeared, for example letting the students keeping a diet- and exercise journal, fitness exercises and talking about mental health.  The results of the research has increase the comprehension for teachers’ perspectives on health and which methods they are working with.

  • 30.
    Bruhn, Linnea
    Karlstad University.
    Motiverande samtal -En dynamisk process i arbetet med barn och ungdomar med övervikt: - En kvalitativ studie om professionella inom hälso- och sjukvårdens upplevelser av att använda MI tillsammans med överviktiga barn och ungdomar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The unhealthy lifestyles such as poor diets and lack of physical activity can lead to overweight and obesity for children and adolescents today. To not have the unhealthy lifestyles lead to future complications it’s important to give them the help and support they need to get motivated to change theirs behavior. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a method to help people change their behavior, this study will focus on a healthy lifestyle changes. A profession in healthcare uses the MI as a method to support the lifestyle change for children and adolescents with obesity. The purpose of this study is to examine what the professions experiences is concerning how the method works with children and adolescents with overweight. This study has used a qualitative method with six interviews. The interviews were recorded and analyzed. The result of this study showed that professions experiences MI as a very positive and useful method, also that the professions needed to use the method continuity to maintain the knowledge. The potential of MI as a method was that the professions often could see a positive change in the patient and the respondent had a positive view in using MI in the future. The author of this study believes that it’s incredibly important to keep working with MI as it probably can "save" money both for society and the work hours for professions in healthcare.

  • 31.
    Bryntesson, Lina
    Karlstad University.
    Gymnasielevers syn på tävlingsmomentet i ämnet idrott och hälsa: En kvantitativ enkätstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Byström, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Division for Educational Sciences.
    Sam- eller särundervisning i idrott och hälsa: En enkätundersökning gjord i årskurs åtta på en skola i Värmland2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Carlberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Andersson, Frida
    Karlstad University.
    Skador inom dam- och herrishockeyn2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34. Carlman, P.
    et al.
    Augustsson, C.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Larv- ett hälsofrämjande skolprojekt: En utvärdering av åren 2004-20082008In: I A. Östnäs (Red.), Idrottsforskaren. E-tidsskrift. SVEBI. Svensk förening för beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig idrottsforskning, nr 3, s. 27-35Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Carlman, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    ”Det är halvidrott, kanske lite mer än halvidrott”: Idrottsskolan som en praktik för formandet av idrottsbarndomar2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the dissertation was to investigate children’s views on and experiences of The Sport for All programme in school (SAP) (idrottsskolor) and the significance of the activities for children’s ”sports childhood”.

    The study is anchored in the so-called “new sociology of childhood”. Such a standpoint is based on that children are competent social actors with agency. Following that, childhood is constructed both by actors in specific fields and by the children in these social practices.

    The dissertation is based on three interview studies from three different SAPs. In study I fifteen individual interviews were conducted with: the programme manager, three school teachers, two sport club leaders and nine children (aged 9-10). Study II was based on repeated focus group interviews with 15 ten-year-old Swedish children participating in a SAP. In study III individual interviews were conducted with eight children, four years after they completed their participation in a SAP.

     

    In all three studies the children described the SAP as a different sport practice in relation to traditional organized sport. In the SAP sport was offered in a new context with other meanings and functions compared to conventionally organized sport. But, study II showed that children with a strong performance ethos had the capacity to influence and control the practice in the SAP, which contribute to a “competitive atmosphere” in the SAP activities. Further, study III showed that children with a weak interest in sport enjoyed the activities. However, it was not something this certain group of children wanted to continue to practice outside the program. While other participants with an already established interest in sports, experienced a deepening and widening of their sport interest through the SAP.

    In terms of agency, the children’s individual and collective views of sport are important to consider in regard to understanding the SAP practice. The children brought prior knowledge, understanding and skills into the SAP, which can contribute to the experience of the practice.   

  • 36.
    Carlman, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Idrott för alla för alltid?: En idrottskolas betydelse för barns idrottsliv2016In: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171, Vol. 13, no 2, 97-110 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore children’s experiences of a Sport for All Programme (SAP) in school. The purpose of the ‘Sport for All’ policy is to give children an opportunity to try different sports, with a focus on play and motor learning rather than organized competition. In this study, we approach children as active agents in constructing the SAP practice in line with the theoretical standpoint that children are competent social actors with agency. The study is based on repeated focus group interviews with 15 ten-year-old children (9 girls, 6 boys) participating in a SAP in the western part of Sweden. The children perceived the SAP as sessions with less emphasis on performance and without organized competitions; it was described as a ‘low threshold’ activity. However, the result showed that the SAP activity was not free from performance-oriented principles. The Sport for All pedagogy needs to consider and handle the consequences of competition principles, especially if the participating children and leaders have a performance ethos.

  • 37.
    Carlman, Peter
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    It’s like half-sport, maybe even a bit more than half-sport: Children’s experience of a Sport for All Programme in School2016In: European Journal for Sport and Society, ISSN 1613-8171, Vol. 13, no 2, 97-110 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore children’s experiences of a Sport for All Programme (SAP) in school. The purpose of the ‘Sport for All’ policy is to give children an opportunity to try different sports, with a focus on play and motor learning rather than organized competition. In this study, we approach children as active agents in constructing the SAP practice in line with the theoretical standpoint that children are competent social actors with agency. The study is based on repeated focus group interviews with 15 ten-year-old children (9 girls, 6 boys) participating in a SAP in the western part of Sweden. The children perceived the SAP as sessions with less emphasis on performance and without organized competitions; it was described as a ‘low threshold’ activity. However, the result showed that the SAP activity was not free from performance-oriented principles. The Sport for All pedagogy needs to consider and handle the consequences of competition principles, especially if the participating children and leaders have a performance ethos.

  • 38.
    Carlsson, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Från idrott till Life Orientation: - en kvalitativ studie om idrottsämnets ställning på en skola i Sydafrika2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When South Africa turned into a democracy in 1994, the educational system was alsoreformed. One part of the mayor changes was the introduction of the new subject LifeOrientation, starting in 1998. Research has shown that the launch of this new learning areawas not altogether smooth, partly due to its novelty in combination with the deficit ofeducators holding appropriate academic background to teach Life Orientation.The purpose of the conducted study was to find out how educators at a High School (year 8-12) experience the position of Physical Education (P.E) at their school, given that P.E hasbeen integrated into Life Orientation, as one out of six sub areas. Quantitative research hasbeen carried out, using the methodology of semi structured interviews. The result of the studyshowed, based on the three parameters of the query; values, perceptions and materialprerequisites pertaining the learning area, that educators experienced that the subject had alow position at their school.

  • 39.
    Efraimsson, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Utmaningar för idrottsgymnasium: En studie om extra stöd och elevers upplevelse av att studera på en nationell idrottsutbildning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The national sports school is a program for the athletes who wants to combine elite sports with their education (Svensk idrott, 2016). The purpose of this study was to investigate the students’ thoughts, emotions and experiences of studying at this program, both generally and during periodes of rehabilitation. The study also want to investigate if there is a need of extra support from a coach primarily during times of rehabilitation.

    Qualitative interviews with students from a NIU focused on football has been made for collecting data. Both direct and participatory observations went on twice a week, three hours at a time during a month and have been used in the study. These observations worked as a complement to the interviews.

    The result showed that the students had very full days where it was difficult to find time for hobbies and schoolworks. Training was priority over school partly because it was more fun but also there was no energy left for studying when time was available. The result did also show that the majority of students would have liked more support during their rehabilitation period, as many times it was really tough to handle by themselves. All of the interviewees did suggest that an extra coach would be beneficial as this would create more motivation for rehabilitation and also be someone on the side to talk to.

  • 40.
    Efraimsson, Ida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Hagström, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Ett fotbollsprojekt för flickor med utländsk bakgrund2015Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to look into how girls with foreign backgrounds can experience a specific football projects that aims to increase the participation in sports among girls with foreign backgrounds. The intention was also to examine what meaning the project can have for these girls. The study was conducted with qualitative interviews and a total of six girls from the specific project participated. The result from the interviews was that the girls experiences that the project has affected their self-concept in a good direction. The football project has given them new opportunities to learn how to play football, meet new friends and to be physically active. Their motivation to play football has also increased .The increase of motivation in combination with the strengthen self-concept may have resulted in the girl feeling confident and motivated enough to participate more in the school breaks and the “class football”. 

  • 41.
    Ehrén, Max
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Youssef, Jibril
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Ät rätt för bättre prestation: En studie om motionärers matvanor före och efter träning2015Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to examine to what extent pre- and post-workout meals are ingested. When you are physically active it is important to eat pre- and post-workout meals. Before a workout you must stock up the glycogen levels in order to get energy and to able to perform. It is also important to eat after a workout in order to refill the glycogen stocks and to prevent muscle breakdown. We used a quantitative research method and created a survey where 27 women and 18 men participated. The results showcased that the participants were more likely to eat a post-workout meal rather than a pre-workout meal. The participants also considered the post-workout meal to be more important than the pre-workout meal. These meals contained mostly protein and fast carbohydrates.

  • 42.
    Ek, Anton
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Detta var inte för mig: En kvalitativ studie om idrottslärares val att byta yrke2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, it is taken up reasons for why PE teachers increasingly choosing to leave their profession for another. Previous studies show that 18precent of newly qualified PE teacher quits within four years. The average period of employment as a PE teacher is about nine years.

    With a method of open interviews, five former PE teacher answer why just they ended leaving the profession as a PE teacher to continue to work in something else. These responses are then examined from an action theory and compared with previously known reasons why workers leave their jobs. This is to get a deeper understanding as to why respondents have chosen to stop and what made them work with what they do today. The results of this survey show that many of the former PE teachers have already received or are at the risk of damage to the body because of their profession in the back, knees, ears and voice. Other reasons that made respondents who ended PE teachers included too little freedom as they now feel they have more freedom in their work regarding what to do and plan. They feel that they can influence more with their current professions than towards what they could as a PE teacher. In the discussion that discussed how respondents feel today and how they think their lifestyle absence would have been if they continued as a PE teacher. It also discusses how these reasons are targeted solely PE teachers or persons who ends his job for another general. The conclusion is that the main factor influencing the PE teachers' choice to quit is to the job or workplace was not as expected, according to the employee cause of injury risk, the mismatch between job and person. to get development, advocacy opportunities in their work or stress due to overwork and sense of imbalance itself. All respondents received better life existence of changing profession.

  • 43.
    Ekman, Robert
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute; Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, Karlstad.
    Ekman, Diana Stark
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Schyllander, Jan
    Schelp, Lothar
    Karolinska Institute.
    A comparison of unintentional injury patterns occurring in two Swedish communities in 1978 and in 20082015In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 22, no 3, 254-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surveillance and analyses of unintentional injuries can be used to help prioritise community prevention efforts. This study describes changes in local patterns for unintentional injuries resulting in deaths, hospitalisations, and outpatient visits to health care clinics and emergency rooms, comparing information from two different study periods, 1978 and 2008, in the Swedish communities of Falköping and Lidköping. Injury cases were analysed, and confidence intervals were derived. The study results show that while most injuries decreased comparing the first study period to the second, these changes were only significant in terms of decreases in outpatient care. This study points to the importance of more systematic collection data of injury events treated at the outpatient level, particularly for communities where there are relatively low numbers of injury-related deaths and hospitalisations.

  • 44. Eliasson Hagström, Maria
    Hur ofta utövar elever fysisk aktivitet utanför skoltid?: En studie om högstadieelevers motion-, kost- och hälsovanor2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Enbacker, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    FaR för en heterogen målgrupp med komplexa behov: Förskrivares upplevelse av fysisk aktivitet på recept (FaR) och samverkan med aktivitetsmottagare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Engström, Eveline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Fritidsbanken: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga låntagare upplever verksamheten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Engström, Eveline
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Provender Jonasson, Felicia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Drop-in idrotten i Karlstad: En kvalitativ studie om dess upplevda klimat och betydelse2015Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48.
    Ericsson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Herlufsén, Elinor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitet och teknologins påverkan på barn: - en fallstudie av två lågstadieklasser2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Physical inactivity and sedentary are today big health risks when today's society is becoming increasingly dependent on technology both in leisure, in the workplace and at school. Our purpose with this study is to investigate whether the technology in any way affect the children's physical activity negatively. This is a qualitative case study with interviews and observations conducted on two primary school classes in two different schools with different rules and use of technology. One school uses tablets from preschool while the other school does not start with technology, in the form of computers, until the seventh grade. The results of this survey show that children’s physical activity in the school environment not is significantly affected by the schools regulations on the use of technical resources. Based on our observations, we can also see the need of more focus and guidance on how to reduce repetitive strain injuries from children's bad posture in their use of tablets. The interviews also show that teachers think that more responsibility should be placed on the parents than on schools to get kids more active and interested in an active lifestyle.

  • 49.
    Eriksson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Motivationsklimatets betydelse vid undervisning av lagbollsport2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Team ball games in physical education have been criticized for resembling association’s ego-oriented way of conducting it. Something I noticed when I did my PE internship was that many students were not involved in class when team ball game was exercised. Can you as a PE teacher by influencing the motivational climate get most of the students to experience more enjoyment, participation, variety and time to learn new things in team ball games?

    Aim: The aim of the field experiment is to create two different motivational climates, task-oriented / ego-oriented, and conduct them to four PE lessons in football (European).This to demonstrate any advantages or disadvantages between the two motivational climates by using the results of students' experiences in enjoyment, participation, variety and time to learn new things.

    Method: The study used a quantitative method in the form of questionnaires. A total of 45 grade 7 students participated in the study.

     Result: The results showed that students experienced both experimental situations task-oriented and no major differences were noticed regarding to enjoyment, participation, variety and time to learn new things. Overall, both genders correlated stronger against all background variables (enjoyment, participation, variety, time to learn new things) in an experienced task-oriented motivational climate compared to an experienced ego-oriented. In gender comparison you can find strong correlations that especially girls who have experienced the motivational climate ego-oriented felt less enjoyment, participation, variety and time to learn new things compared to boys.

    Discussion:

    PE lessons are different compared to association’s sports in overall when it includes girls and boys playing sports together. This is an important part of education in social and life-long skills of cooperation and physical activity. As a task-orientated motivational climate proves to be more effective in learning strategies and the belief that physical education is to develop social and life-long skills every PE teacher should be aware of  the consequences both motivational climates (task-orientate/ego-orientated) influences a group. 

     

  • 50.
    Eriksson, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Idrottslärares syn på friluftslivsundervisningen i skolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor education covers a large part of the core content of Lgr11 in physical education. The purpose of the survey is to get a picture of a group of PE teachers' views on, and visions with outdoor education in school. I´m also interested in how, in fact, the reality looks like and what teachers believe is needed to visions will be achieved. Therefore the questions will be: How do outdoor education looks like in school today, according to the teachers? What is the teacher's vision of outdoor education? What´s needed so the vision will be achieved according to the teachers?

    The survey was conducted by four semi-structured interviews with PE teachers working at high school. These were then transcribed and the result of their beliefs is that outdoor education in school differs from their vision. The outdoor education that is available in schools today is usually linked to a major project such as sports days and it results in point actions. The overall picture of the teachers´ vision is to reduce point actions while still having the ability to take the students on longer trips where they can try to go skiing, hiking, fishing, camping etc. In order for the vision to become reality it requires time, money and materials according to the respondents, as previous research also shows.

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