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  • 1.
    Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Teknologivegen 22, N-2815 Gjovik, Norway.;Univ Stavanger, Dept Qual & Hlth Technol, Fac Hlth Sci, Stavanger, Norway.;Univ Agder, Fac Hlth & Sport Sci, Dept Hlth & Nursing Sci, Norway..
    Ballangrud, Randi
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Teknologivegen 22, N-2815 Gjovik, Norway..
    Husebo, Sissel Iren Eikeland
    Univ Stavanger, Dept Qual & Hlth Technol, Fac Hlth Sci, Stavanger, Norway.;Stavanger Univ Hosp, Gerd Ragna Bloch Thorsens Gate 8, N-4011 Stavanger, Norway..
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    An interprofessional team training intervention with an implementation phase in a surgical ward: A controlled quasi-experimental study2019Inngår i: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, s. 1-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing awareness of the importance of interprofessional teamwork in relation to patient safety, many hospital units lack effective teamwork. The aim of this study was to explore if an interprofessional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward changed the healthcare personnel's perceptions of patient safety culture, perceptions of teamwork, and attitudes toward teamwork over 12 months. Healthcare personnel from surgical wards at two hospitals participated in a controlled quasi-experimental study. The intervention consisted of six hours of TeamSTEPPS team training and 12 months for the implementation of teamwork tools and strategies. The data collection was conducted among the healthcare personnel in the intervention group and the control group at baseline and at the end of the 12 month study period. The results within the intervention group showed that there were significantly improved scores in three of 12 patient safety culture dimensions and in three of five perceptions of teamwork dimensions after 12 months. When comparing between groups, significant differences were found in three patient safety culture measures in favor of the intervention group. The results of the study suggest that the teamwork intervention had a positive impact on patient safety culture and teamwork in the surgical ward.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal
    et al.
    University Agder, NOR;Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NOR ; University of Stavanger, NOR..
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013). Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NOR.
    Husebo, Sissel Iren Eikeland
    University Stavanger, NOR; Stavanger University Hospital, NOR .
    Ballangrud, Randi
    Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NOR.
    A human factors intervention in a hospital-evaluating the outcome of a TeamSTEPPS program in a surgical ward2021Inngår i: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 21, nr 1, artikkel-id 114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patient safety in hospitals is being jeopardized, since too many patients experience adverse events. Most of these adverse events arise from human factors, such as inefficient teamwork and communication failures, and the incidence of adverse events is greatest in the surgical area. Previous research has shown the effect of team training on patient safety culture and on different areas of teamwork. Limited research has investigated teamwork in surgical wards. The aim of this study was to evaluate the professional and organizational outcomes of a team training intervention among healthcare professionals in a surgical ward after 6 and 12 months. Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety 2.0 was used as a conceptual framework for the study. Methods: This study had a pre-post design with measurements at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of intervention. The intervention was conducted in a urology and gastrointestinal surgery ward in Norway, and the study site was selected based on convenience and the leaders' willingness to participate in the project. Survey data from healthcare professionals were used to evaluate the intervention. The organizational outcomes were measured by the unit-based sections of the Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire, and professional outcomes were measured by the TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Perceptions Questionnaire and the Collaboration and Satisfaction about Care Decisions in Teams Questionnaire. A paired t-test, a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, a generalized linear mixed model and linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Results: After 6 months, improvements were found in organizational outcomes in two patient safety dimensions. After 12 months, improvements were found in both organizational and professional outcomes, and these improvements occurred in three patient safety culture dimensions and in three teamwork dimensions. Furthermore, the results showed that one of the significant improved teamwork dimensions "Mutual Support" was associated with the Patient Safety Grade, after 12 months of intervention. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the team training program had effect after 12 months of intervention. Future studies with larger sample sizes and stronger study designs are necessary to examine the causal effect of a team training intervention in this context.

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  • 3.
    Aaberg, Oddveig Reiersdal
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway; University of Stavanger, Norway.
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013). Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Husebo, Sissel Iren Eikeland
    University of Stavanger, Norway; Stavanger University Hospital, Norway.
    Ballangrud, Randi
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team questionnaire: Psychometric testing of the Norwegian version, and hospital healthcare personnel perceptions across hospital units2019Inngår i: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 642-650Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To translate "The Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team" questionnaire (CSACD-T) into Norwegian and test it for psychometric properties. The further aim was to describe and compare healthcare personnel's collaboration and satisfaction about team decision-making (TDM) across hospital units. Design A cross-sectional study. Methods The questionnaire was translated into Norwegian. A total of 247 healthcare personnel at two hospitals responded to the questionnaire. An explorative factor analysis was performed to test the factor structure of the questionnaire, while a Cronbach's alpha analysis was used to test for internal consistency. A one-way ANOVA analysis and a Kruskal-Wallis test were applied to test for differences between hospital units. Results The results demonstrate that the Norwegian version of the CSACD-T has promising psychometric properties regarding construct validity and internal consistency. The mean score of the CSACD-T was significantly higher in the maternity ward group than in the emergency room group.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 4.
    Aarni, Josephine
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet.
    Hornström, Linda
    Karlstads universitet.
    Distriktssköterskans ledarskap i hemsjukvård - ett förtroendefullt samarbete: En litteraturstudie2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Inom de närmsta åren kommer fler personer att behöva hemsjukvård i Sverige och den blir alltmer avancerad. Detta ställer höga krav på all vårdpersonal. Distriktssköterskan som ansvarar för patientens sjukvård i hemmet delegerar mer än hälften av sjukvårdsuppgifterna till omvårdnadspersonal. För att detta ska fungera, inte minst patientsäkert, behöver hen ha ett fungerande ledarskap. Syfte: Att beskriva distriktssköterskans erfarenheter av att leda omvårdnadspersonal i hemsjukvård. Metod: Litteraturstudien utfördes på ett systematiskt sätt med stöd av Polit och Beck´s nyckelsteg och hade en induktiv design. Totalt framkom tolv artiklar som söktes fram i databaserna CINAHL, PsycInfo och PubMed. Data analyserades genom en tematisk analys efter Braun och Clarke´s beskrivning. Resultat: Huvudtemat Personrelaterade faktorer byggdes upp av följande underteman: Förtroendefull relation, Samarbete, Kommunikation samt Stress och oro. Huvudtemat Organisationsrelaterade faktorer byggdes upp av följande underteman: Fördela omvårdnadsuppgifter, Utbildning och kompetens samt Arbetsmiljö. Konklusion: Känna tillit och ha en förtroendefull relation till omvårdnadspersonalen underlättade ledarskapet för distriktssköterskan liksom ett fungerande samarbete dem emellan. Det behövs utbildad omvårdnadspersonal samt mer tid avsatt för distriktssköterskan till att träffa omvårdnadspersonalen, detta skulle underlätta ledarskapet.

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  • 5.
    Abdul Wahid, Nuriya
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Gustafsson, Linn
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Orsaker till arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor på akutmottagningar: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: En akutmottagning är avsedd för personer med akut sjukdom eller skada. Arbetet på en akutmottagning kan vara stressigt, ständigt omväxlande och oförutsägbart. Sjuksköterskans huvudansvar är omvårdnaden och förväntas göra snabba bedömningar samt ge adekvat vård. Arbetsrelaterad stress uppstår när kraven blir för höga jämfört med sjuksköterskans kompetens och förmåga. Långvarig arbetsrelaterad stress under en lång tid kan leda till problem med hälsan. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa vad som orsakar arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning. Metod: Litteraturstudien utfördes enligt Polit och Becks (2017) flödesschema i nio steg. Databassökningar i CINAHL, PsycINFO och PubMed utfördes där 12 artiklar var relevanta för litteraturstudiens syfte samt inklusion- och exklusionskriterierna. Sju var kvantitativa, fyra var kvalitativa och en mixad metod. Samtliga artiklar granskades med hjälp av granskningsmallar. Två huvudkategorier samt underkategorier identifierades under databearbetningen. Resultat: Orsakerna till arbetsrelaterad stress som belysts i den här litteraturstudien har presenterats i två huvudkategorier: Hög arbetsbelastning och påfrestande situationer samt underkategorier till hög arbetsbelastning: organisatoriska brister och tidsbrist. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor på en akutmottagning träffar på en rad olika orsaker till arbetsrelaterad stress oavsett vilken akutmottagning. Överbeläggning och stort antal patienter bidrog till arbetsrelaterad stress hos sjuksköterskor. Resursen sjuksköterskor räcker inte till på akutmottagningen och orsakar en tidsbrist. Otillräckligt omhändertagande inom primärvården orsakar överbelastning på akutmottagningen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Abed, Nathalie
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Dahl Hansen, Erika
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av användning av tolk vid språkbarriärer inom slutenvården: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion/Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor möter patienter som talar olika språk i sitt dagliga arbete.  Kommunikationen är en viktig del i sjuksköterskors arbete och är avgörande för att kunna skapa förståelse mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter. Tolk är det vanligaste hjälpmedlet att använda vid språkbarriärer. Språkbarriärer är en hindrande kommunikationssvårighet. World Health Organisation rapporterar att kommunikationssvårigheter är en bidragande orsak till att vårdskador kan uppstå i vården. Syfte: Syftet är att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av tolkanvändning vid språkbarriärer inom slutenvården. Metod: Studien har genomförts genom att tillämpa Polit och Becks (2017) nio steg med ett induktivt förhållningssätt. Sökningarna efter litteratur har skett systematiskt i databaserna Cinahl och PubMed. Sökningarna genererade tio kvalitativa artiklar. Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades genom SBU:s granskningsmall för kvalitativa studier.  Resultat: Litteraturstudiens resultat genererade fyra teman: tidskrävande, oro och osäkerhet, begränsningar i kommunikationen och ett stöd i omvårdnadsarbetet. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor erfar att tolken är det effektivaste hjälpmedlet vid språkbarriärer, dock är tolkanvändning inte problemfri. Tolkningstjänsterna har begränsningar och är tidskrävande, vilket skapar oro och osäkerhet hos sjuksköterskor.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att ansvara för en annan människas liv2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 8.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att bedöma patienter utsatta för trauma2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Den specialistutbildade ambulanssjuksköterskans uppfattning av att bedöma patienter utsatta för svårt trauma2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Developing ethical competence among students in nurse specialist programs2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Dom ser döda ut allihop: Att våga fatta svåra beslut2015Inngår i: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Full scale pre-hospital care scenario: Prehsopital workshop2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Nästa gång du hör sirener vill jag att du skall tänka på mig2014Inngår i: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, Vol. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Prehospital simulation differs from others: Prehospital workshop2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Prehospital simulering2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Simulering i ambulanssjukvården2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Simulering som lärande inom prehospital akutsjukvård2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den prehospitala akutsjukvården är ett komplext kunskapsfält som innebär att vårdaren skall kunna bemöta patient och närstående, bedöma skada, sjukdom och den aktuella situationen samt avgöra vilka vårdåtgärder som skall prioriteras.

    Patientens lidande kan lindras genom att vårdaren tränar färdigheter i ett prehospitalt kontext. Detta främjar en god och säker vård samt stärker patientens möjligheter till överlevnad.

    Resultatet visar på behovet av simulering inom prehospital akutsjukvård. Med simulering lär sig vårdaren att hantera realistiska, dynamiska och komplexa vårdsituationer, vilket skapar kunskaper, färdigheter och erfarenheter av omhändertagande av patient drabbad av högenergitrauma. Simuleringens utformning och miljö skapar förutsättningar för lärandet vilket framkommer i interventionsstudien.

    Utifrån resultatet i föreliggande forskning utvecklas en modell för lärande med hjälp av simulering.

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  • 20.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Så räddar du liv2014Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    The simulation used in prehospital care2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    To optimize prehospital CPR- performed by fire fighters2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    What do we need to train the ambulance staff in and how can we train them?2014Inngår i: Workshop vid Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine, Pre-Hospital Special Interest Group Pre-Conference Course., 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Öppet samtal mellan Sveriges prehospitala doktorander och representanter för nationell prehospital forskning2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Christer
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Enhanced self-assessment of CPR by low-dose, high-frequency training2020Inngår i: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 10, nr 9, s. 93-100-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose was to investigate what effect an intervention of low-dose, high-frequency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training with feedback for one month would have on professionals' subjective self-assessment skill of CPR. Design/methodology/approach This study had a quantitative approach. In total, 38 firefighters performed CPR for two minutes on a Resusci Anne QCPR. They then self-assessed their CPR through four multiple-choice questions regarding compression rate, depth, recoil and ventilation volume. After one month of low-dose, high-frequency training with visual feedback, the firefighters once more performed CPR and self-assessed their CPR. Findings With one month of low-dose, high-frequency training with visual feedback, the level of self-assessment was 87% (n = 33) correct self-assessment of compression rate, 95% (n = 36) correct self-assessment of compression depth, 68% (n = 26) correct self-assessment of recoil and 87% (n = 33) correct self-assessment of ventilations volume. The result shows a reduced number of firefighters who overestimate their ability to perform CPR. Originality/value With low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with visual feedback for a month, the firefighters develop a good ability to self-assess their CPR to be performed within the guidelines. By improving their ability to self-assess their CPR quality, firefighters can self-regulate their compression and ventilation quality.

  • 27.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Nursing Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Christer
    Prehospen – Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with feedback for firefighters2019Inngår i: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 64-72Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of the intervention of low-dose, high-frequency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training with feedback for firefighters for one month. Design/methodology/approach: The study had a quantitative approach. Data were collected through an intervention by means of simulation. The data collection consisted of a pre- and post-assessment of 38 firefighter’s CPR performance. Findings: There was a statistically significant improvement from pre- to post-assessment regarding participants’ compression rates. Compression depth increased statistically significantly to average 2 mm too deep in the group. Recoil decreased in the group with an average of 1 mm for the better. There was a statistically significant improvement in participants’ ventilation volume from pre- to post-assessment. Originality/value: Prehospital staff such as firefighters, police, and ambulance perform CPR under less than optimal circumstances. It is therefore of the utmost importance that these professionals are trained in the best possible way. The result of this study shows that low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with an average of six training sessions per month improves ventilation volume, compression depth, rate, and recoil. This study concludes that objective feedback during training enhances the firefighters’ CPR skills which in turn also could be applied to police and ambulance CPR training.

  • 28.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Nurse students learning acute care by simulation: Focus on observation and debriefing2017Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 24, s. 6-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. Aim: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. Design: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach.MethodData was collected through observations and interviews. Data was analyzed using an interpretive qualitative content analysis.Results: Nursing students created space for reflection when needed. There was a positive learning situation when suitable patient scenarios were presented. Observations and discussions with peers gave the students opportunities to identify their own need for knowledge, while also identifying existing knowledge. Reflections could confirm or reject their preparedness for clinical practice. The importance of working in a structured manner in acute care situations became apparent. However, negative feedback to peers was avoided, which led to a loss of learning opportunity.Conclusion: High fidelity simulation training as a method plays an important part in the nursing students' learning. The teacher also plays a key role by asking difficult questions and guiding students towards accurate knowledge. This makes it possible for the students to close knowledge gaps, leading to improved patient safety.

  • 29.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Att som ambulanssjuksköterska vara förberedd i samband med svårt sjuk patient.2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    The prehospital assessment of severe trauma patients’ by specialist ambulance nurse in Sweden-a phenomenographic study2012Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 20, s. 67-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    What is dignity in prehospital emergency care?2017Inngår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 268-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Ethics and dignity in prehospital emergency care are important due to vulnerability and suffering. Patients can lose control of their body and encounter unfamiliar faces in an emergency situation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe what specialist ambulance nurse students experienced as preserved and humiliated dignity in prehospital emergency care.

    RESEARCH DESIGN: The study had a qualitative approach.

    METHOD: Data were collected by Flanagan's critical incident technique. The participants were 26 specialist ambulance nurse students who described two critical incidents of preserved and humiliated dignity, from prehospital emergency care. Data consist of 52 critical incidents and were analyzed with interpretive content analysis.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study followed the ethical principles in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

    FINDINGS: The result showed how human dignity in prehospital emergency care can be preserved by the ambulance nurse being there for the patient. The ambulance nurses meet the patient in the patient's world and make professional decisions. The ambulance nurse respects the patient's will and protects the patient's body from the gaze of others. Humiliated dignity was described through the ambulance nurse abandoning the patient and by healthcare professionals failing, disrespecting, and ignoring the patient.

    DISCUSSION: It is a unique situation when a nurse meets a patient face to face in a critical life or death moment. The discussion describes courage and the ethical vision to see another human.

    CONCLUSION: Dignity was preserved when the ambulance nurse showed respect and protected the patient in prehospital emergency care. The ambulance nurse students' ethical obligation results in the courage to see when a patient's dignity is in jeopardy of being humiliated. Humiliated dignity occurs when patients are ignored and left unprotected. This ethical dilemma affects the ambulance nurse students badly due to the fact that the morals and attitudes of ambulance nurses are reflected in their actions toward the patient.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Ambulance Nurses' Competence and Perception of Competence in Prehospital Trauma Care2018Inngår i: Emergency Medicine International, ISSN 2090-2840, E-ISSN 2090-2859, artikkel-id 5910342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. We focus on trauma care conducted in the context of a simulated traumatic event. This is in this study defined as a four-meter fall onto a hard surface, resulting in severe injuries to extremities in the form of bilateral open femur fractures, an open tibia fracture, and a closed pelvic fracture, all fractures bleeding extensively. Methods. The simulated trauma care competence of 63 ambulance nurses in prehospital emergency care was quantitatively evaluated along with their perception of their sufficiency. Data was collected by means of simulated trauma care and a questionnaire. Results. Life-saving interventions were not consistently performed. Time to perform interventions could be considered long due to the life-threatening situation. In comparison, the ambulance nurses' perception of the sufficiency of their theoretical and practical knowledge and skills for trauma care scored high. In contrast, the perception of having sufficient ethical training for trauma care scored low. Discussion. This study suggests there is no guarantee that the ambulance nurses' perception of theoretical and practical knowledge and skill level corresponds with their performed knowledge and skill. The ambulance nurses rated themselves having sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge and skills while the score of trauma care can be considered quite low.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lundberg, Lars
    CPR performed in the military environment2016Inngår i: Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine Lisbon 16/6 2016., Lisabon, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Experiences of simulation in prehospital emergency care settings, the paramedic and ambulance nurses` point of view2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Learning by simulation in prehospital emergency care: an integrative literature review2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 234-240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Acquiring knowledge and experience on high-energy trauma is often difficult due to infrequent exposure. This creates a need for training which is specifically tailored for complex prehospital conditions. Simulation provides an opportunity for ambulance nurses to focus on the actual problems in clinical practice and to develop knowledge regarding trauma care. The aim of this study was to describe what ambulance nurses and paramedics in prehospital emergency care perceive as important for learning when participating in simulation exercises.

    METHODS: An integrative literature review was carried out. Criteria for inclusion were primary qualitative and quantitative studies, where research participants were ambulance nurses or paramedics, working within prehospital care settings, and where the research interventions involved simulation.

    RESULTS: It was perceived important for the ambulance nurses' learning that scenarios were advanced and possible to simulate repeatedly. The repetitions contributed to increase the level of experience, which in turn improved the patients care. Moreover, realism in the simulation and being able to interact and communicate with the patient were perceived as important aspects, as was debriefing, which enabled the enhancement of knowledge and skills. The result is presented in the following categories: To gain experience, To gain practice and To be strengthened by others.

    CONCLUSION: Learning through simulation does not require years of exposure to accident scenes. The simulated learning is enhanced by realistic, stressful scenarios where ambulance nurses interact with the patients. In this study, being able to communicate with the patient was highlighted as a positive contribution to learning. However, this has seldom been mentioned in a previous research on simulation. Debriefing is important for learning as it enables scrutiny of one's actions and thereby the possibility to improve and adjust one's caring. The effect of simulation exercises is important on patient outcome.

  • 36.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Simulation of high-energy trauma makes knowledge readily available from memoryManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 37.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björ-Ove
    School of Health Science, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care: a literature review.2014Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, nr 22, s. 12-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:High energy trauma is rare and, as a result, training of prehospital care providers often takes placeduring the real situation, with the patient as the object for the learning process. Such training could instead becarried out in the context of simulation, out of danger for both patients and personnel. The aim of this study wasto provide an overview of the development and foci of research on simulation in prehospital care practice.Methods:An integrative literature review were used. Articles based on quantitative as well as qualitative researchmethods were included, resulting in a comprehensive overview of existing published research. For publishedarticles to be included in the review, the focus of the article had to be prehospital care providers, in prehospitalsettings. Furthermore, included articles must target interventions that were carried out in a simulation context.Results:The volume of published research is distributed between 1984- 2012 and across the regions North America,Europe, Oceania, Asia and Middle East. The simulation methods used were manikins, films, images or paper, live actors,animals and virtual reality. The staff categories focused upon were paramedics, emergency medical technicians (EMTs),medical doctors (MDs), nurse and fire fighters. The main topics of published research on simulation with prehospitalcare providers included: Intubation, Trauma care, Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Ventilation and Triage.Conclusion:Simulation were described as a positive training and education method for prehospital medical staff. Itprovides opportunities to train assessment, treatment and implementation of procedures and devices under realisticconditions. It is crucial that the staff are familiar with and trained on the identified topics, i.e., intubation, trauma care,CPR, ventilation and triage, which all, to a very large degree, constitute prehospital care. Simulation plays an integralrole in this. The current state of prehospital care, which this review reveals, includes inadequate skills of prehospital staffregarding ventilation and CPR, on both children and adults, the lack of skills in paediatric resuscitation and the lack ofknowledge in assessing and managing burns victims. These circumstances suggest critical areas for further training andresearch, at both local and global levels

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Willman, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Caring for patients in the end-of-life from the perspective of undergraduate nursing students2020Inngår i: Nursing Forum, ISSN 0029-6473, Vol. 55, nr 3, s. 433-438Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Caring for patients in the end-of-life is an emotionally and physically challenging task. Therefore, undergraduate nursing students (UNS) need opportunities to learn to care for the dying patient. This study aimed to describe UNS' experiences of caring for patients at end-of-life. Methods: Interviews with 16 UNS in their last semester of nursing education were conducted. Data were analyzed with a phenomenological approach. Results: The UNS created a professional relationship with the dying patient. It meant that when the patient was unable to speak for themselves, the UNS could still meet his/her wishes and needs. The UNS believed they could take responsibility for the patient who was no longer able to take responsibility for themselves. Meeting with the patient's family could be experienced with anxiousness but was dependent on the personal chemistry between the patient's family and the UNS. Conclusion: The UNS creates a relationship with the patient and their family. To be knowledgeable about the patient's physical and psychosocial needs means that the UNS can support the patient in the end-of-life phase. Being close to the patient and the family results in an intensity of emotions in the care situation. The UNS can receive support from their colleagues during processing their emotions and creating an experience from their encounters with patients in end-of-life care.

  • 39.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Willman, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Ethics and aesthetics in injection treatments with Botox and Filler2021Inngår i: Journal of Women & Aging, ISSN 0895-2841, E-ISSN 1540-7322, Vol. 33, nr 6, s. 583-595Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical nature of esthetic treatments is confusing, as the boundaries between medicine and beauty are unclear. A person's autonomous decision is an indicator for esthetic treatments that will improve their self-image, self-esteem and appearance to others. Robust ethical consideration is therefore necessary for the medical esthetician in each meeting with the client. This study aimed to describe medical estheticians' perceptions of ethics and esthetics in injection treatments with Botox and Filler. The results are described in Understanding what different clients desire, Reaching a mutual understanding of expectations and possibilities and Taking responsibility for beauty.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Patients’ perceptions of actual care conditions and patient satisfaction with care quality in hospital2012Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There are theoretical and methodological difficulties in measuring the concepts of quality of care and patient satisfaction, and the conditions associated with these concepts. A theoretical framework of patient satisfaction and a theoretical model of quality of care have been used as the theoretical basis in this thesis.

    Aim. The overall aim was to describe and explore relationships between person-related conditions, external objective care conditions, patients’ perceptions of quality of care, and patient satisfaction with care in hospital.

    Methods. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. In the quantitative study (I-III), 528 patients (83.7%) from eight medical, three surgical and one mixed medical/surgical ward in five hospitals in Norway agreed to participate (10% of total discharges). Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire comprising four instruments: Quality from Patients’ Perspective (QPP); Sense of Coherence scale (SOC); Big Five personality traits – the Single-Item Measures of Personality (SIMP); and Emotional Stress Reaction Questionnaire (ESRQ). In addition, questions regarding socio-demographic data and health conditions were asked, and data from ward statistics were included. Multivariate statistical analysis was carried out (I-III). In the qualitative study 22 informants were interviewed (IV). The interviews were analysed by conventional content analysis.

    Main findings. Patients’ perceptions of quality of care and patient satisfaction ranged from lower to higher depending on whether all patients or groups of patients were studied. The combination of person-related and external objective care conditions explained 55% of patients’ perceptions of quality of care (I). 54.7% of the variance in patient satisfaction was explained, and the person-related conditions had the strongest impact, explaining 51.7% (II). Three clusters of patients were identified regarding their scores on patient satisfaction and patients’ perceptions of quality of care (III). One group consisted of patients who were most satisfied and had the best perceptions of quality of care, a second group of patients who were less satisfied and had better perceptions, and a third group of patients who were less satisfied and had the worst perceptions. The qualitative study revealed four categories of importance for patients’ satisfaction: desire to regain health, need to be met in a professional way as a unique person, perspective on life, and need to have balance between privacy and companionship (IV).

    Conclusions. Patients’ perceptions of quality of care and patient satisfaction are two different concepts. The person-related conditions seem to be the strongest predictors of patients’ perceptions of quality of care and patient satisfaction. Registered nurses need to be aware of this when planning and conducting nursing care. There is a need of guidelines for handling over‑occupancy, and of procedures for emergency admissions on the wards. The number of registered nurses on the wards needs to be considered. Healthcare personnel must do their utmost to provide the patients with person‑centred care.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Patients' perceptions...
  • 41.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för nationalekonomi och statistik.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Exploring patient satisfaction predictors in relation to a theoretical model2013Inngår i: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 37-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Predictors of patients' satisfaction - basis for quality improvement work in hospital2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 43.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för nationalekonomi och statistik.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Quality of care from patients' perspective: impact of the combination of person-related and external objective care conditions2011Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 20, nr 17/18, s. 2540-2551Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. To describe patients' perceptions of quality of care and to explore combinations of person-related and external objective care conditions as potential predictors of these perceptions. Background. Several studies have examined various single factors of person-related and external objective care conditions in relation to quality of care. None of these has included the effect of over-occupancy on patients' perception of quality of care. Furthermore, little is known about how combinations of different factors are related to each other and to the perception of quality of care using multivariate analysis. Design. A cross-sectional design. Method. A total of 528 patients (83·7%) from 12 medical, surgical or medical-surgical wards in five hospitals in Norway participated. Perceptions of quality of care and person-related conditions were measured with the 'Quality from Patient's Perspective' instrument. Data on external objective care conditions was collected from ward statistics provided by head nurses. Multivariate general linear modelling was used ( p < 0·05). Results. The combination of person-related and external objective care conditions revealed five factors that predict patients' perception of quality of care. Three of these are person-related conditions: sex, age and self-reported psychological well-being and two of them are external objective care conditions: RNs (headcount) on the wards and frequency of over-occupancy. These five factors explained 55% of the model. Patients rated the quality of care high. Conclusions. Sex, age, psychological well-being, frequency of over-occupancy and the number of RNs are important factors that must be emphasised if patients are to perceive the quality of care as high. Relevance to clinical practice. Head nurses and healthcare authorities must continually prepare the wards for over-occupancy and they must consider the number of RNs working on the wards.

  • 44.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Quality of care from patient's perspective - how is it affected by the hospital's organisation and structure of nursing care?2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 45.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Östfold university Norway.
    Persenius, Mona
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Bååth, Carina
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Helgesen, Ann Karin
    Östfold university, Norway.
    The use of life stories and its influence on persons with dementia, their relatives and staff: A systematic mixed studies review2017Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 16, nr 28, artikkel-id 28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is an important predictor of nursing home admissions. Due to progressive dementia symptoms, over time it becomes difficult for persons with dementia to communicate their wishes and participate in decisions concerning their everyday lives. Their well-being, sense of dignity, integrity and personhood are at risk. The persons' life stories have been highlighted as particularly important in dementia care and are referred to as seeing the person beyond the dementia. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the use of life stories and its influence on persons with dementia living in nursing homes, their relatives and staff.

    METHODS: A systematic mixed studies review was conducted. The literature searches were performed in the following databases: CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO and the Cochrane library, as well as by hand searching references in the studies included. An updated search was performed eight months after the first search. Data was synthesised inspired by integrative analysis.

    RESULTS: Three studies using quantitative design and two studies (presented in three papers) using qualitative design representing research from 2006 to 2015 were included in the review. Life stories generally had a positive influence on the persons with dementia, their relatives, and staff. The use of life stories might contribute to 'Maintenance of the person with dementia as a whole person rather than a demented patient'. On the other hand, enabling persons with dementia to tell their own story could be a challenge. For the staff it could be challenging when sensitive information emerged uninvited. Involving relatives could also be difficult as to whose story were uncovered.

    CONCLUSIONS: The use of person's life story might be of significance, but there is not enough evidence to make any statement about its importance as the research is scarce. Studies, including randomised controlled trials, are needed to measure the impact of life story work on the physiological and psychological aspects of persons with dementia, and also how it influences their relatives and staff.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    A pattern approach to analysing patients’ satisfaction and quality of care perceptions in hospital2011Inngår i: The International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, ISSN 2043-7730, E-ISSN 2043-7749, Vol. 1, nr 4, s. 766-775Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Patients' experiences of care quality and satisfaction satisfaction during hospital stay: a qualitative study2013Inngår i: European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, ISSN 2052-5656, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 185-192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale, aim and objectives: Patients experiencing high care quality and satisfied patients are more likely to follow treatments. Patient satisfaction is an important contributor to physical and mental health-related quality of life. Research emphasises the need to further study satisfaction from the patients’ perspective. The aim was to describe patients’ experiences of care quality and the relation to their satisfaction during hospital stay. 

    Methods: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Interviews were conducted with 22 patients discharged from hospital. Data was analysed by conventional content analysis.

    Results: Four categories and seven subcategories describing patients’ experiences of care quality and the relation to their satisfaction emerged. Desire to regain health comprised waiting for treatment, being cured, having hopes of being cured and described the treatment and health outcome of hospitalisation. Need to be met in a professional way as a unique person comprised receiving personalized knowledge, receiving healthcare by competent healthcare personnel and described the way patients need to be met by healthcare personnel. Need to be involved comprised taking responsibility for own health, leaving responsibility for own health and concerned the patients’ way of handling hospitalisation. Need to have balance between privacy and companionship concerned the relationship to fellow patients.

    Conclusions: Health condition is of great importance to patients’ experiences of quality of care and their satisfaction in relation to hospital stay. The healthcare personnel need to be aware that seriously ill patients may never be completely satisfied. Furthermore, healthcare personnel must do their utmost to provide the patients with person-centered care.  Hospital managers must consider the design of wards with respect to such matters as multiple-bed versus single-bed rooms and heads of nursing must carefully plan each patient’s accommodation.

  • 48.
    Abrahamsson, Nathalie
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Eriksson, Helen
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Kvinnors upplevelse av livskvalitet efter bröstcancerbehandlingar: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion/ Bakgrund: I Sverige insjuknar cirka 20 kvinnor varje dag av bröstcancer och åtta av tio överlever. Efter de olika behandlingarna kan kvinnornas livskvalité se olika ut.

    Syfte: syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa kvinnors upplevelse av livskvalitet efter bröstcancerbehandling.

    Metod: Litteraturstudie med grund i Polit och Becks (2017) nio steg. Utifrån tre databaser resulterade sökningen i tolv artiklar. Åtta kvantitativa, två kvalitativa och två mixad-metod.

    Resultat: Resulterade till fyra huvudkategorier och fem underkategorier. Kroppsliga förändringar. Acceptans av kroppsbild, utseende, intimitet.  Rädsla. Anpassning, arbete och ekonomi, information och stöd, acceptans.

    Slutsats: I litteraturstudiens resultat lyftes fysiologiska, psykologiska och sociala aspekter som kvinnor efter bröstcancerbehandlingar kunde uppleva. Kvinnorna upplevde kroppsliga förändringar som restsymtom där trötthet var främst förekommande. De som hade förlorat bröstet/brösten efter behandling hade mycket tankar kring sitt utseende och rädsla för återfall fanns alltid. Anpassning till det nya livet gav en utmanande vardag och ett informationsbehov från vårdpersonal hade stor betydelse.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Adolfsson, Anne Li
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Herke, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Vårdprofessioners erfarenheter, stöd och användning av ett kvalitetsregister inom demensvården-: vid Beteendemässiga och Psykiska Symtom vid Demens2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Persons with dementia diseases are today a large group that will increase significantly over the next few years. Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) are very common and can cause major suffering. For dementia care professionals, persons with dementia suffering from BPSD may induce stress in the caregiving situation. With proper training and support, this stress may be reduced. In the BPSD register, the dementia care professionals may get information, advice and help suggesting non-pharmacological interventions that can help the person with dementia. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate caregivers opportunities and experiences in implementing BPSD registration and follow up of non-pharmacological interventions in the caregiving situation within residential care for dementia. Furthermore, the aim was to compare if the dementia caregivers experience had significance for the experienced value of BPSD registration in Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Method: A quantitative survey was conducted on residential care for dementia, N=5. The study- specific questionnaire covered possibility for BPSD- registration and interventions, considered value of BPSD estimation, and if non-pharmacological interventions are performed followed up, and considered to reduce BPSD. The results are presented using tables and diagrams. Kruskal Wallis test was used to compare variables between subgroups with varying working experience. Result: Most dementia caregivers considered that they had possibility to conduct BPSD registration 50% (n=28). They expressed 88% (n=49) that the non-pharmacological interventions that were initiated and performed decreased BPSD. Further they experienced BPSD follows up being important, 100% (n=56). There were no statistically significant differences between number of professional years and the compared variables (p-values ranged 0,266-0,981). Conclusion:The study found that dementia care professionals considered having possibilities to perform BPSD estimation, non-pharmacological interventions and follow- up. BPSD registration was experienced to be a helping tool for the dementia providers; and the length of the working experience had no significant relation to how they graded the value of the BPSD estimation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Adolfsson, Marie
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Borg, Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    "När det skaver"- Skolsköterskans erfarenhet av psykisk ohälsa hos barn och tonåringar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
1234567 1 - 50 of 2472
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