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  • 1. Aalborg, T.
    et al.
    Strandmark, Margaretha
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The baby was the focus of attention: First-time patients' experiences of their marital relationship2001In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 15, 318-325 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Aalborg, T.
    et al.
    Strandmark, Margaretha
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Dahlöf, LG
    First time parents' sexual relationschips2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Sexology 3; 127-139Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Abdel-Rehim, Mohamed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences. AstraZeneca R&D Sodertalje, Global DMPK, SE-15185 Sodertalje, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Analyt Chem, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Chem & Biomed Sci, Fac Sci & Technol, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS): A tutorial2011In: Analytica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0003-2670, E-ISSN 1873-4324, Vol. 701, no 2, 119-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This tutorial provides an overview on a new technique for sample preparation, microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS). Not only the automation process by MEPS is the advantage but also the much smaller volumes of the samples, solvents and dead volumes in the system. Other significant advantages such as the speed and the simplicity of the sample preparation process are provided. In this tutorial the main concepts of MEPS will be elucidated. Different practical aspects in MEPS are addressed. The factors affecting MEPS performance will be discussed. The application of MEPS in clinical and pre-clinical studies for quantification of drugs and metabolites in blood, plasma and urine will be provided. A comparison between MEPS and other extraction techniques such as SPE, LLE, SPME and SBSE will be discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 4.
    Abdel-Rehim, Mohamed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences. AstraZeneca R&D Sodertalje, Global DMPK, Sodertalje, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Fac Sci & Technol, Dept Chem & Biomed Sci, Karlstad, Sweden..
    On-Line Whole Blood Analysis Using Microextraction by Packed Sorbent and LC-MS-MS2011In: LC GC North America, ISSN 1527-5949, E-ISSN 1939-1889, Vol. 29, no 7, 612-618 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) is a new technique for sample preparation that can be connected on-line with liquid chromatography (LC) or gas chromatography (GC) systems without any modifications. This article describes the use of MEPS in clinical and preclinical studies to quantify different drugs in whole blood samples. MEPS was used to determine cyclophosphamide in mouse blood from preclinical g studies using 20 mu L of blood samples. The interday accuracies and 0 precisions ranged from 107-109% and from 2.0-7.0%, respectively. The determination of four immunosuppressive drugs in human blood by MEPS and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is described. The method showed a good selectivity and sensitivity. The calibration curves for everolimus, sirolimus, and tacrolimus ranged from 0.5 to 50 ng/mL and for cyclosporine from 3.0 to 1500 ng/mL. Intraday precisions for the studied immunosuppressive drugs were 2.0-11.7% and interday precision ranged from 5.1 to 13.7% (CV).

  • 5.
    Abdirashid, Abdulle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Detektion av kloratreduktas och kloritdismutas med hjälp av 2D elektrofores2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att ansvara för en annan människas liv2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att bedöma patienter utsatta för trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Den specialistutbildade ambulanssjuksköterskans uppfattning av att bedöma patienter utsatta för svårt trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Developing ethical competence among students in nurse specialist programs2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Dom ser döda ut allihop: Att våga fatta svåra beslut2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Full scale pre-hospital care scenario: Prehsopital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Nästa gång du hör sirener vill jag att du skall tänka på mig2014In: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Prehospital simulation differs from others: Prehospital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Prehospital simulering2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering i ambulanssjukvården2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering som lärande inom prehospital akutsjukvård2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the research was to deepen the understanding of learning through simulation in prehospital emergency care.

    Method: In this research, qualitative and quantitative methods are used as well as integrative literature studies (I, II). Qualitative data from the interview studies (III, V) were analyzed by phenomenographic methodology. Quantitative data from the intervention study (IV) were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

    Results: Research on simulation and learning within the prehospital trauma care context is relatively rare (I). Simulation of realistic scenarios where the caregivers are exposed to stress contributes to strengthen caregiver knowledge, skills and experience (II). Caregivers request simulation opportunities regarding critical and emergency situations (III). They describe that learning through regular simulation provides in-depth knowledge and skills in the care of a patient exposed to high-energy trauma (V). Interventions with repeated simulation opportunities related to the care of the patient exposed to high-energy trauma give some improvement in care provided at the site of the accident (IV).

    Conclusion: Through simulation, the caregivers develop knowledge and skills and receive enhanced confidence in the care of an injured and sick patient. The research suggests several areas with potential for improvement with regard to the care of patients exposed to high-energy trauma. A model has been developed for systematic trauma simulation.

     

  • 19.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Så räddar du liv2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    The simulation used in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    To optimize prehospital CPR- performed by fire fighters2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    What do we need to train the ambulance staff in and how can we train them?2014In: Workshop vid Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine, Pre-Hospital Special Interest Group Pre-Conference Course., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Öppet samtal mellan Sveriges prehospitala doktorander och representanter för nationell prehospital forskning2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Nurse students learning acute care by simulation: Focus on observation and debriefing2017In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 24, 6-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. Aim: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. Design: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach.MethodData was collected through observations and interviews. Data was analyzed using an interpretive qualitative content analysis.Results: Nursing students created space for reflection when needed. There was a positive learning situation when suitable patient scenarios were presented. Observations and discussions with peers gave the students opportunities to identify their own need for knowledge, while also identifying existing knowledge. Reflections could confirm or reject their preparedness for clinical practice. The importance of working in a structured manner in acute care situations became apparent. However, negative feedback to peers was avoided, which led to a loss of learning opportunity.Conclusion: High fidelity simulation training as a method plays an important part in the nursing students' learning. The teacher also plays a key role by asking difficult questions and guiding students towards accurate knowledge. This makes it possible for the students to close knowledge gaps, leading to improved patient safety.

  • 26.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Rörelsen mellan teori och praxis2013In: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, no 2, 26-28 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Att som ambulanssjuksköterska vara förberedd i samband med svårt sjuk patient.2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    The prehospital assessment of severe trauma patients’ by specialist ambulance nurse in Sweden-a phenomenographic study2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 20, 67- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    What is dignity in prehospital emergency care?2017In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 24, no 3, 268-278 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Ethics and dignity in prehospital emergency care are important due to vulnerability and suffering. Patients can lose control of their body and encounter unfamiliar faces in an emergency situation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe what specialist ambulance nurse students experienced as preserved and humiliated dignity in prehospital emergency care.

    RESEARCH DESIGN: The study had a qualitative approach.

    METHOD: Data were collected by Flanagan's critical incident technique. The participants were 26 specialist ambulance nurse students who described two critical incidents of preserved and humiliated dignity, from prehospital emergency care. Data consist of 52 critical incidents and were analyzed with interpretive content analysis.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study followed the ethical principles in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

    FINDINGS: The result showed how human dignity in prehospital emergency care can be preserved by the ambulance nurse being there for the patient. The ambulance nurses meet the patient in the patient's world and make professional decisions. The ambulance nurse respects the patient's will and protects the patient's body from the gaze of others. Humiliated dignity was described through the ambulance nurse abandoning the patient and by healthcare professionals failing, disrespecting, and ignoring the patient.

    DISCUSSION: It is a unique situation when a nurse meets a patient face to face in a critical life or death moment. The discussion describes courage and the ethical vision to see another human.

    CONCLUSION: Dignity was preserved when the ambulance nurse showed respect and protected the patient in prehospital emergency care. The ambulance nurse students' ethical obligation results in the courage to see when a patient's dignity is in jeopardy of being humiliated. Humiliated dignity occurs when patients are ignored and left unprotected. This ethical dilemma affects the ambulance nurse students badly due to the fact that the morals and attitudes of ambulance nurses are reflected in their actions toward the patient.

  • 30.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Effect of repeated simulation on the quality of trauma careManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lundberg, Lars
    CPR performed in the military environment2016In: Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine Lisbon 16/6 2016., Lisabon, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Experiences of simulation in prehospital emergency care settings, the paramedic and ambulance nurses` point of view2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Learning by simulation in prehospital emergency care: an integrative literature review2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, no 2, 234-240 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Acquiring knowledge and experience on high-energy trauma is often difficult due to infrequent exposure. This creates a need for training which is specifically tailored for complex prehospital conditions. Simulation provides an opportunity for ambulance nurses to focus on the actual problems in clinical practice and to develop knowledge regarding trauma care. The aim of this study was to describe what ambulance nurses and paramedics in prehospital emergency care perceive as important for learning when participating in simulation exercises.

    METHODS: An integrative literature review was carried out. Criteria for inclusion were primary qualitative and quantitative studies, where research participants were ambulance nurses or paramedics, working within prehospital care settings, and where the research interventions involved simulation.

    RESULTS: It was perceived important for the ambulance nurses' learning that scenarios were advanced and possible to simulate repeatedly. The repetitions contributed to increase the level of experience, which in turn improved the patients care. Moreover, realism in the simulation and being able to interact and communicate with the patient were perceived as important aspects, as was debriefing, which enabled the enhancement of knowledge and skills. The result is presented in the following categories: To gain experience, To gain practice and To be strengthened by others.

    CONCLUSION: Learning through simulation does not require years of exposure to accident scenes. The simulated learning is enhanced by realistic, stressful scenarios where ambulance nurses interact with the patients. In this study, being able to communicate with the patient was highlighted as a positive contribution to learning. However, this has seldom been mentioned in a previous research on simulation. Debriefing is important for learning as it enables scrutiny of one's actions and thereby the possibility to improve and adjust one's caring. The effect of simulation exercises is important on patient outcome.

  • 34.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulation of high-energy trauma makes knowledge readily available from memoryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Suserud, Björ-Ove
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care: a literature review.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, no 22, 12- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:High energy trauma is rare and, as a result, training of prehospital care providers often takes placeduring the real situation, with the patient as the object for the learning process. Such training could instead becarried out in the context of simulation, out of danger for both patients and personnel. The aim of this study wasto provide an overview of the development and foci of research on simulation in prehospital care practice.Methods:An integrative literature review were used. Articles based on quantitative as well as qualitative researchmethods were included, resulting in a comprehensive overview of existing published research. For publishedarticles to be included in the review, the focus of the article had to be prehospital care providers, in prehospitalsettings. Furthermore, included articles must target interventions that were carried out in a simulation context.Results:The volume of published research is distributed between 1984- 2012 and across the regions North America,Europe, Oceania, Asia and Middle East. The simulation methods used were manikins, films, images or paper, live actors,animals and virtual reality. The staff categories focused upon were paramedics, emergency medical technicians (EMTs),medical doctors (MDs), nurse and fire fighters. The main topics of published research on simulation with prehospitalcare providers included: Intubation, Trauma care, Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Ventilation and Triage.Conclusion:Simulation were described as a positive training and education method for prehospital medical staff. Itprovides opportunities to train assessment, treatment and implementation of procedures and devices under realisticconditions. It is crucial that the staff are familiar with and trained on the identified topics, i.e., intubation, trauma care,CPR, ventilation and triage, which all, to a very large degree, constitute prehospital care. Simulation plays an integralrole in this. The current state of prehospital care, which this review reveals, includes inadequate skills of prehospital staffregarding ventilation and CPR, on both children and adults, the lack of skills in paediatric resuscitation and the lack ofknowledge in assessing and managing burns victims. These circumstances suggest critical areas for further training andresearch, at both local and global levels

  • 36.
    Aboul-Enein, Mohamed N.
    et al.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    El-Azzouny, Aida A.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    Attia, Mohamed I.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt.;King Saud Univ, Coll Pharm, Dept Pharmaceut Chem, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia..
    Maklad, Yousreya A.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Pharmacol Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    Amin, Kamilia M.
    Cairo Univ, Fac Pharm, Dept Pharmaceut Chem, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abdel-Rehim, Mohamed
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Chem, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    El-Behairy, Mohammed F.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    Design and synthesis of novel stiripentol analogues as potential anticonvulsants2012In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 47, 360-369 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of stiripentol (SIP) analogues namely, 2-1(1E)-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-4,4-dimethylpent-1-en-3-ylidene]-N-(aryl/H)hydrazinecarboxamides 7a-h, (+/-)-(5RS)-N-(aryl/H)-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxamides (+/-)-8a-h, and (+/-)-[(5RS)-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl](aryl)methanones (+/-)-13a-f was synthesized by adopting appropriate synthetic routes and was pharmacologically evaluated in the preliminary anticonvulsant screens. The selected bioactive new chemical entities were subjected to ED50 determination and neurotoxicity evaluation. The most active congeners are 7h in MES screen and (+/-)-13b in scPTZ screen which displayed ED50 values of 87 and 110 mg/kg, respectively, as compared to that of STP (ED50 = 277.7 and 115 mg/kg in MES and scPTZ, respectively). (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  • 37.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Patients’ perceptions of actual care conditions and patient satisfaction with care quality in hospital2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There are theoretical and methodological difficulties in measuring the concepts of quality of care and patient satisfaction, and the conditions associated with these concepts. A theoretical framework of patient satisfaction and a theoretical model of quality of care have been used as the theoretical basis in this thesis.

    Aim. The overall aim was to describe and explore relationships between person-related conditions, external objective care conditions, patients’ perceptions of quality of care, and patient satisfaction with care in hospital.

    Methods. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used. In the quantitative study (I-III), 528 patients (83.7%) from eight medical, three surgical and one mixed medical/surgical ward in five hospitals in Norway agreed to participate (10% of total discharges). Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire comprising four instruments: Quality from Patients’ Perspective (QPP); Sense of Coherence scale (SOC); Big Five personality traits – the Single-Item Measures of Personality (SIMP); and Emotional Stress Reaction Questionnaire (ESRQ). In addition, questions regarding socio-demographic data and health conditions were asked, and data from ward statistics were included. Multivariate statistical analysis was carried out (I-III). In the qualitative study 22 informants were interviewed (IV). The interviews were analysed by conventional content analysis.

    Main findings. Patients’ perceptions of quality of care and patient satisfaction ranged from lower to higher depending on whether all patients or groups of patients were studied. The combination of person-related and external objective care conditions explained 55% of patients’ perceptions of quality of care (I). 54.7% of the variance in patient satisfaction was explained, and the person-related conditions had the strongest impact, explaining 51.7% (II). Three clusters of patients were identified regarding their scores on patient satisfaction and patients’ perceptions of quality of care (III). One group consisted of patients who were most satisfied and had the best perceptions of quality of care, a second group of patients who were less satisfied and had better perceptions, and a third group of patients who were less satisfied and had the worst perceptions. The qualitative study revealed four categories of importance for patients’ satisfaction: desire to regain health, need to be met in a professional way as a unique person, perspective on life, and need to have balance between privacy and companionship (IV).

    Conclusions. Patients’ perceptions of quality of care and patient satisfaction are two different concepts. The person-related conditions seem to be the strongest predictors of patients’ perceptions of quality of care and patient satisfaction. Registered nurses need to be aware of this when planning and conducting nursing care. There is a need of guidelines for handling over‑occupancy, and of procedures for emergency admissions on the wards. The number of registered nurses on the wards needs to be considered. Healthcare personnel must do their utmost to provide the patients with person‑centred care.

  • 38.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Exploring patient satisfaction predictors in relation to a theoretical model2013In: International journal of health care quality assurance/MCB University Press, ISSN 0952-6862, Vol. 26, no 1, 37-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Predictors of patients' satisfaction - basis for quality improvement work in hospital2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Quality of care from patients' perspective: impact of the combination of person-related and external objective care conditions2011In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 20, no 17/18, 2540-2551 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. To describe patients' perceptions of quality of care and to explore combinations of person-related and external objective care conditions as potential predictors of these perceptions. Background. Several studies have examined various single factors of person-related and external objective care conditions in relation to quality of care. None of these has included the effect of over-occupancy on patients' perception of quality of care. Furthermore, little is known about how combinations of different factors are related to each other and to the perception of quality of care using multivariate analysis. Design. A cross-sectional design. Method. A total of 528 patients (83·7%) from 12 medical, surgical or medical-surgical wards in five hospitals in Norway participated. Perceptions of quality of care and person-related conditions were measured with the 'Quality from Patient's Perspective' instrument. Data on external objective care conditions was collected from ward statistics provided by head nurses. Multivariate general linear modelling was used ( p < 0·05). Results. The combination of person-related and external objective care conditions revealed five factors that predict patients' perception of quality of care. Three of these are person-related conditions: sex, age and self-reported psychological well-being and two of them are external objective care conditions: RNs (headcount) on the wards and frequency of over-occupancy. These five factors explained 55% of the model. Patients rated the quality of care high. Conclusions. Sex, age, psychological well-being, frequency of over-occupancy and the number of RNs are important factors that must be emphasised if patients are to perceive the quality of care as high. Relevance to clinical practice. Head nurses and healthcare authorities must continually prepare the wards for over-occupancy and they must consider the number of RNs working on the wards.

  • 41.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Quality of care from patient's perspective - how is it affected by the hospital's organisation and structure of nursing care?2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    A pattern approach to analysing patients’ satisfaction and quality of care perceptions in hospital2011In: The International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, ISSN 2043-7730, E-ISSN 2043-7749, Vol. 1, no 4, 766-775 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Vigdis
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wilde Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Karlsson, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Patients' experiences of care quality and satisfaction satisfaction during hospital stay: a qualitative study2013In: European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare, ISSN 2052-5656, Vol. 1, no 1, 185-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale, aim and objectives: Patients experiencing high care quality and satisfied patients are more likely to follow treatments. Patient satisfaction is an important contributor to physical and mental health-related quality of life. Research emphasises the need to further study satisfaction from the patients’ perspective. The aim was to describe patients’ experiences of care quality and the relation to their satisfaction during hospital stay. 

    Methods: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Interviews were conducted with 22 patients discharged from hospital. Data was analysed by conventional content analysis.

    Results: Four categories and seven subcategories describing patients’ experiences of care quality and the relation to their satisfaction emerged. Desire to regain health comprised waiting for treatment, being cured, having hopes of being cured and described the treatment and health outcome of hospitalisation. Need to be met in a professional way as a unique person comprised receiving personalized knowledge, receiving healthcare by competent healthcare personnel and described the way patients need to be met by healthcare personnel. Need to be involved comprised taking responsibility for own health, leaving responsibility for own health and concerned the patients’ way of handling hospitalisation. Need to have balance between privacy and companionship concerned the relationship to fellow patients.

    Conclusions: Health condition is of great importance to patients’ experiences of quality of care and their satisfaction in relation to hospital stay. The healthcare personnel need to be aware that seriously ill patients may never be completely satisfied. Furthermore, healthcare personnel must do their utmost to provide the patients with person-centered care.  Hospital managers must consider the design of wards with respect to such matters as multiple-bed versus single-bed rooms and heads of nursing must carefully plan each patient’s accommodation.

  • 44. Abrahamsson, KH
    et al.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Eriksson, JS
    Hellström, MK
    Jönsson, K
    Wennström, JL
    Parodontal hälsa hos 19-åringar i Västra Götaland: En epidemiologisk tvärsnittsstudie2007Report (Refereed)
  • 45. Adam, Andersson
    Lärarnas syn på friluftsliv i Idrott och Hälsa: En kvantitativ studie om Idrott och Hälsa lärares syn på undervisningen i friluftsliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor education is becoming an increasingly larger subject in Swedish schools.  It makes up about a third of the curriculum in Physical education. In this quantitative study, the result shows that physical education teachers believe they have enough material resources to teach in outdoor education. However, this not applies to the students and the material they bring from home. The teachers feel that they have enough knowledge about outdoor education to teach in the subject and most considers that they have an area close to the school there they have opportunity to teach outdoor education. When it comes to how the school and colleagues are working with or against the physical education teachers, the teachers responded that a small majority of the schools work together with success regarding the curriculums in outdoor education. When it comes to how involved their colleagues are in planning and implementing outdoor activates the majority answered that they receive help from their colleagues.  

  • 46.
    Adolfsson, Marie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Borg, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    "När det skaver"- Skolsköterskans erfarenhet av psykisk ohälsa hos barn och tonåringar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47. Afrasiabi, Soran
    Kroppsideal i skolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 48. Afroz, Barna
    et al.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Stark Ekman, Diana
    Karolinska institutet .
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The impact of economic crisis on injury mortality – the case of the ‘Asian Crisis’2012In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, Vol. 126, no 10, 836-838 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Agdur, Klara
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Chausset, Amaell
    Karlstad University.
    Personliga upplevelser av fantomfenomen efter en amputation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Ahlberg, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Att utveckla elevers psykiska förmåga: Mental träning i ämnet idrott och hälsa2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to find out how teachers can develop the psychological ability of their pupils within the subject of physical education. To find an answer to this, two researchers were interviewed in a qualitative way and four teachers in physical education were interviewed structurally. Current literature was also red. I tried to answer if there are any differences, or similarities, between two scientists’ and four teachers’ in physical education perspectives regarding methods to develop pupils’ psychological ability. The thesis also tries to answer which practical exercises in mental training that could be used in the teaching of physical education and how teachers in physical education can use mental training to motivate the pupils to strive for high grades.

    This study shows that the pupils’ psychological ability can be developed through different mental exercises. To develop the pupils’ self-confidence by giving theme suitable exercises with a degree of difficulty that are on a slightly higher level than what the pupils think they can manage is one way. A similarity between the opinions of the scientists and the teachers in physical education is the importance of good communication with the pupils. Further, the two scientists emphasized the importance of making the pupils involved in the planning and contents of the lessons. The teachers in physical education did not share this opinion.

    To develop the pupils’ self-knowledge and make theme strive for a grade, reasonable for their personal abilities, may increase motivation. In my thesis I have realised that a teacher’s behaviour is also important. The teacher needs to have a sensitive ear, use constructive feedback to the pupils and, to a reasonable extent, get the pupils involved in the planning and the contents of the lessons.

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