Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 28 of 28
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013). Norwegian University of Science & Technology.
    A critique of the European Green City Index2014Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 57, nr 3, s. 317-328Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2009, Siemens (Germany) sponsored the research by the Economist Intelligence Unit (London), which resulted in the publication of the European Green City Index report, in which the environmental performance of 30 large cities in Europe was analysed. It provided city administrations with an idea of where they stood vis-a-vis their European counterparts. However, while adopting such performance evaluation methodologies, it is important to set targets and goals, and to be aware of pitfalls that may exist in the course of a blind pursuit of a higher Green Score. City administrations are usually segmented into different divisions and departments; often each division strives towards its own set of targets and goals, without being aware (or without being concerned, even if it is aware) of the overlaps, conflicts and synergies that may exist with the targets and goals of the others. The Green City Index needs to be considered together with an Urban Socio-Economic Index, which can be suitably structured with the inter-linkages with the indicators of the Green City Index explicitly described.

  • 2.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    ABC of Sustainable Development2015 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is a field of thought, learning, research and endeavour, which has entrenched itself in the 21st century. This book is certainly very very far from being the be-all and end-all of knowledge about sustainability and sustainable development, as readers will appreciate. This modest effort is something which I hope provides some food for thought…and then hopefully, purposeful action. This book is about 90 pages long, and is split up into 9 chapters, and dwells on the different aspects of sustainable development and the challenges associated with integrating these so that development is truly and holistically sustainable….Chapters begin with Learning Objectives which at once tells the reader what to expect from it, and some Exercises at the end, which one may wish to attempt, en route.

    As Prof Genon Giuseppe from Turin, Italy, in the Foreword to the book, says, ‘This book is useful to university curricula, aimed at grooming professionals capable of considering all the aspects of sustainable development and of course, can very well be integrated into a host of academic disciplines, as the author has pointed out in one of the chapters.’

    As Dr Håvard Bergsdal from Trondheim, Norway, says, in his review comments, ‘The book makes for good reading and serves as a useful summary for readers who are new to the topic of sustainability.’

  • 3.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, Trondheim, Norway.
    Analysis of stocks and flows in Indian households, associated with water consumption2013Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 472-481Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, S P Andersensv 5, Valgrinda, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Changes in material flows, treatment efficiencies and environmental load-shifting in the wastewater treatment sector Part II: Case study of Norway2009Inngår i: Environmental technology, ISSN 0959-3330, E-ISSN 1479-487X, Vol. 30, nr 11, s. 1131-1143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Environmental Life-cycle Analysis as a tool for sustainability studies: A complete learning experience.2019Inngår i: Problemy Ekorozwoju, ISSN 1895-6912, E-ISSN 2080-1971, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 79-85Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Environmental systems analysis of urban water systems - limited historical account of published work in scientific journals2015Inngår i: Vatten, ISSN 0042-2886, Vol. 71, nr 4, s. 209-222Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Future prospects of industrial ecology as a set of tools for sustainable development2012Inngår i: Problemy Ekorozwoju, ISSN 1895-6912, E-ISSN 2080-1971, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 77-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University of Science, Oslo, Norway.
    Triple bottom line approach to individual and global sustainability (Translated into Polish).2010Inngår i: Problemy Ekorozwoju, ISSN 1895-6912, E-ISSN 2080-1971, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 29-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial ecology is founded on analogies and lateral thinking, borrowing and adapting, and opening up the frontiers of imagination and innovativeness to make the road to sustainable development more tractable. Talking of the key role mankind needs to play to make sustainable development a reality, a wonderful analogy is uncovered – between holistic individual human development and the triple bottom line approach (economic, social and environmental) to sustainable progress of humanity as a whole on the surface of the earth. An individual starts off from gross materialism (body) but needs to aim for the right blend of physical, emotional and spiritual advancement in life. When all individuals do so, a lop-sided socio-economic techno-sphere will gradually metamorphose into a fully-evolved one. Paradoxically, individuals need to delve in and comprehend their spiritual selves, for the technosphere to fan out and embrace the earth of which it is just a small component.

  • 9.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Department of Hydraulic and Environmental EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway.
    Typifying cities to streamline the selection of relevant environmental sustainability indicators for urban water supply and sewage handling systems2013Inngår i: Environment, Development and Sustainability, ISSN 1387-585X, E-ISSN 1573-2975, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 765-782Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Brattebo, Helge
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Changes in material flows, treatment efficiencies and shifting of environmental loads in the wastewater treatment sector.: Part I: Case study of the Netherlands2009Inngår i: Environmental technology, ISSN 0959-3330, E-ISSN 1479-487X, Vol. 30, nr 11, s. 1111-1129Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The material that is separated from wastewater in wastewater treatment plants has to be transferred from the water phase to the atmosphere, lithosphere, and/or biosphere (and also the technosphere). After the initial discharges into the different environmental media (and the technosphere), there are further 'inter-sphere' leakages or redirections. However, these happen over protracted periods of time and have not been accounted for in this paper. The paper presents a case study on the wastewater treatment plants in the Netherlands, examines how the degree of separation of COD (BOD), nitrogen, phosphorus and heavy metals from the wastewater have increased over time, and studies the changes in proportions separated out to the atmosphere and lithosphere. The hydrosphere has benefited from a decline in the degree of eutrophication and marine/fresh water toxicity, owing to the favourable combination of higher degrees of separation, over time, and source control, especially in the industrial sector. Global warming is a major concern owing to the increasing conversion of COD to carbon dioxide (and methane). Heavy metal and nitrogen emissions have been curbed thanks to source reduction within industries. Technologies have, of course, enabled some mitigation of the problems associated with atmospheric (global warming and toxicity) and lithospheric (toxicity) pollution, though these are beyond the scope of this paper, which assumes a hypothetical worst-case scenario in this regard for the study period 1993-2005.

  • 11.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Brattebo, Helge
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Environmental impact analysis of chemicals and energy consumption in wastewater treatment plants: Case study of Oslo, Norway2011Inngår i: Water Science and Technology: Water Supply, ISSN 1606-9749, E-ISSN 1607-0798, Vol. 63, nr 5, s. 1081-1031Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Brattebo, Helge
    orwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Energy & Proc Engn Dept, Ind Ecol Programme, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Studying the demand-side vis-a-vis the supply-side of urban water systems - Case study of Oslo, Norway2014Inngår i: Environmental technology, ISSN 0959-3330, E-ISSN 1479-487X, Vol. 35, nr 18, s. 2322-2333Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Chan, Arthur
    NTNU, Energy & Proc Engn Dept, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Brattebo, Helge
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Understanding the water-energy-carbon nexus in urban water utilities: Comparison of four city case studies and the relevant influencing factors2014Inngår i: Energy Journal, ISSN 0195-6574, E-ISSN 1944-9089, Vol. 75, nr 1, s. 153-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Dhakal, Shobhakar
    Natl Inst Environm Studies, Global Carbon Project, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    An international look at the water-energy nexus2012Inngår i: Journal of American Water Works Association, ISSN 0003-150X, Vol. 104, nr 5, s. 93-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Elmi, Rashid Abdi
    Economic-environmental analysis of handling biogas from sewage sludge digesters in wastewater treatment plants for energy recovery: Case study of Bekkelaget wastewater treatment plant in Oslo, Norway2013Inngår i: Energy Journal, ISSN 0195-6574, E-ISSN 1944-9089, Vol. 58, nr 10, s. 220-235Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian university of science and technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Hammervold, Johanne
    Brattebo, Helge
    Norwegian university of science and technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Combined MFA-LCA for analysis of wastewater pipeline networks: Case study of Oslo (Norway).2009Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 532-550Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Oslo's wastewater pipeline network has an aging stock of concrete, steel, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipelines, which calls for a good portion of expenditures to be directed toward maintenance and investments in rehabilitation. The stock, as it is in 2008, is a direct consequence of the influx of pipelines of different sizes, lengths, and materials of construction into the system over the years. A material flow analysis (MFA) facilitates an analysis of the environmental impacts associated with the manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance, rehabilitation, and retirement of the pipelines. The forecast of the future flows of materials-which, again, is highly interlinked with the historic flows-provides insight into the likely future environmental impacts. This will enable decision makers keen on alleviating such impacts to think along the lines of eco-friendlier processes and technologies or simply different ways of doing business. Needless to say, the operation and maintenance phase accounts for the major bulk of emissions and calls for energy-efficient approaches to this phase of the life cycle, even as manufacturers strive to make their processes energy-efficient and attempt to include captive renewable energy in their total energy consumption. This article focuses on the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions associated with the wastewater pipeline network in the city of Oslo.

  • 17.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    et al.
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Saegrov, Sveinung
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Brattbo, Helge
    Norwegian University for Science & Technology, Norway.
    Dynamic metabolism modelling of urban water services - demonstrating effectiveness as a decision-support tool for Oslo, Norway2014Inngår i: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 61, nr 1, s. 19-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Jaldell, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Measuring Productive Performance Using Binary And Ordinal Output Variables: The Case of the Swedish Fire and Rescue Services2019Inngår i: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 57, nr 3, s. 907-917Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fire protection is an example of a complex production process. This study measures efficiency by constructing binary and ordinal output variables from information on residential fires in Sweden about how a fire spreads from when the fire and rescue brigade arrives to when a fire is suppressed. The motivations behind this study are that there are only a few studies trying to estimate production efficiency for fire and rescue services, that data on a more detailed level is interesting for some public services, and there is a need to be able to measure efficiency differences even if only a binary or ordinal output variable is available. Using a logit random parameter model, the random effects are interpreted as efficiency differences. The conclusions are that fire and rescue services with a more flexible fire organisation with first response persons, working in collaboration with other municipalities and with larger populations are more efficient.

  • 19.
    Lund Björnås, Kristine
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013).
    Spatially explicit models: planning salmonid habitat restoration in regulated rivers2019Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013).
    Divergent trends in emergency department visits for poisonings by intent in Varmland, Sweden2016Inngår i: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 22, s. A227-A227Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Mörtberg, Ulla
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Deal, Brian
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Cvetkovic, Vladimir
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Balfors, Berit
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Azcarate, Juan
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Haas, Jan
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för miljö- och livsvetenskaper (from 2013). KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Pang, Xi
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Integrating ecosystem services in urban energy trajectories2015Inngår i: Biwaes 2015 9Th Biennial International Workshop Advances In Energy Studies: Energy and urban systems / [ed] Hans Schnitzer, Olga Kordas, Sergio Ulgiati, Verlag der Technischen Universität Graz , 2015, s. 89-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in urban development trajectories towards renewable energy sources and compact, energy- efficient urban agglomerations will have major impacts on ecosystem services, which cities are dependent on but tend to overlook. Such ecosystem services can be provisioning, regulating and cultural ecosystem services, around which competition over land and water resources will increase with energy system shifts. Much of the land and water use conflicts can be foreseen to take place within urbanising regions, which simultaneously is the living environment of a major part of the human population today. In order to inform critical policy decisions, integrated assessment of urban energy system options and ecosystem services is necessary. For this purpose, the model integration platform Land Evolution and impact Assessment Model (LEAM) is built and empowered with models representing urban form, energy supply and use, transportation, and ecological processes and services, all related to the land and water use evolution. These types of analyses of interacting sub- systems require an advanced model integration platform, yet open for learning and for further development, with high visualisation capacity. Case studies are performed for the cities of Stockholm, Chicago and Shanghai, where urbanisation scenarios are under development. In the case study LEAMStockholm, scenarios for urban compaction and urban sprawl with different energy and water system solutions are being developed, in order to explore the sustainability of urban policy options. This will enable integrated policy assessment of complex urban systems, with the goal to increase their sustainability.

  • 22. Osorio, Andrea Diaz
    et al.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Integrated Management Spells Success for Medellin, Colombia's, Water and Wastewater Utility2013Inngår i: Journal - American Water Works Association, ISSN 0003-150X, E-ISSN 1551-8833, Vol. 105, nr 3, s. 78-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The city of Medellin is the second largest urban area in Colombia. The state-owned company, Empresas Publicas de Medellin E.S.P. (EPM), provides water supply and wastewater treatment services to more than 3.5 million people in the city and nine other smaller towns in the conurbation. EPM also provides public services other than water supply and wastewater treatment. Eduardo Cadavid Restrepo, director of the department of water management at EPM, described the current status, challenges, and future plans for the water supply and sanitation system in Medellin in this interview (conducted by e-mail in Spanish and later translated to English) with Andrea Diaz Osorio and Govindarajan Venkatesh.

  • 23.
    Vestblad, Jennifer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Cirkulerande återanvändning av sportartiklar: Resursflöden för framställning och avfallshantering av sportartiklar2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett tydligt mönster visar att mängden avfall stiger med den ökande konsumtionen som finns i dagens samhälle. Konsumtionsmönstret leder till att fler produkter måste tillverkas och sedan hanteras som avfall. Förutom att förhindra avfallets uppkomst är återanvändning ett lämpligt alternativ till resthantering.

    Fritidbanken startade 2013 i Deje Värmland och verkar som ett organiserat utlånssystem av sportartiklar. Verksamhet bygger till stor del på att förespråka återanvändning. Återanvändningen sker via Fritidsbankens lokaler som fungerar likt ett bibliotek fast med sport- och fritidsprylar där alla får låna utrustning gratis. Genom att ge chansen att utöva aktiviteter och idrotter, skapar Fritidsbanken förutsättningar för allmänhetens spontanidrottande. Studien utgår från verksamhetens lokal i Deje, där tre olika sportartiklar undersöktes: slalomskidor, längdskidor samt skridskor.

    I studien undersöktes produkternas resursflöden, framställning- och resthanteringsprocesser med verksamheten som utgångspunkt. Artiklarna som lämnats in till lokalen jämfördes med motsvarande mängd artiklar som inlämnats, återbrukats och kasserats. Dessutom granskades dåvarande resthantering av produkterna samt alternativa förbättringar.

    Arbetet utgick ifrån en kartläggning om hur resthantering av produkterna genomfördes vid undersökningens start. Kartläggningen gjordes utifrån dåvarande avfallshantering i centrala Värmland. Det genomfördes också en känslighetsanalys, där materialets enskilda mängd ökades med 5, 10 eller 15 %. Metoden för studien utgjordes till största del av kontakt med producenter, återvinningsföretag, myndigheter samt återvinningscentraler. Databasen CES – Edu Pack samt information från Fritidsbankens lokal i Deje användes som grund för artiklarna och dess innehåll.

    Resultatet av studien visar att återanvändningen hos Fritidsbanken ger en positiv inverkan på materialframställning, resthantering och resursflöden. Totalt undviks 1480 kg material, 9.3 ton koldioxidutsläpp och 122 GJ energiomsättning vid materialframställning. Förslaget kring resthantering av artiklarna kan leda till: 34 GJ utvunnen energi vid förbränning samt 263 kg separerad och återvunnen stål.

    Studien utgick ifrån Fritidsbankens tre valda utbud av sportartiklar hösten 2015. Liknande produkter kan innehålla andra typer av material och bör därför undersökas därefter. Känslighetsanalysen visar att stål, nylon och epoxi-glasfiber var materialen som krävde mest energikonsumtion vid materialframställning. Det var även de material som alstrade mest koldioxid för samma process. Resultatet av känslighetsanalysen visar också att epoxi-glasfiber kan innehålla farliga ämnen. Därför borde inte mängden epoxi-glasfiber ökas eller utnyttjas i högre grad än i dagsläget. I och med detta kan eventuella förbättrade materialval övervägas ur artikelns livscykelperspektiv.

  • 24.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Karli, Verghese
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Rafael, Auras
    Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
    Olsson, Annika
    Lund University, Lund.
    Williams, Helén
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Wever, Renee
    Linköping University.
    Grönman, Kaisa
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Kvalvåg Pettersen, Marit
    Nofima AS,Ås, Norway.
    Møller, Hanne
    Ostfold Research, Kråkeröy, Norway.
    Risto, Soukka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Packaging Strategies That Save Food: A Research Agenda for 20302019Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 532-540Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary Thoroughly considering and optimizing packaging systems can avoid food loss and waste. We suggest a number of issues that must be explored and review the associated challenges. Five main issues were recognized through the extensive experience of the authors and engagement of multiple stakeholders. The issues promoted are classified as follows: (1) identify and obtain specific data of packaging functions that influence food waste; (2) understand the total environmental burden of product/package by considering the trade‐off between product protection and preservation and environmental footprint; (3) develop understanding of how these functions should be treated in environmental footprint evaluations; (4) improve packaging design processes to also consider reducing food waste; and (5) analyze stakeholder incentives to reduce food loss and waste. Packaging measures that save food will be important to fulfill the United Nations Sustainable Development goal to halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and to reduce food losses along production and supply chains.

  • 25.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för energi-, miljö- och byggteknik.
    Williams, Helén
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för energi-, miljö- och byggteknik.
    Potential environmental gains from reducing food losses through development of new packaging – a life cycle model.2010Inngår i: Packaging technology & science, ISSN 0894-3214, E-ISSN 1099-1522, Vol. 23, nr 7, s. 403-411Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental concern and development issues regarding packaging has for 20 years to a high extent been on packaging when it has become waste. To reduce the environmental impact from the whole food packaging system it is also important to develop the packaging’s ability to reduce food waste. In some cases it may be necessary to increase the environmental impact of packaging in order to reduce food waste. In this paper, the environmental impact of packaging and food losses and the balance between the two has been examined for five different food items. The results show that packaging’s that reduce food waste can be an important tool to reduce the total environmental impact, even if there is an increase in impact from the packaging itself. This is especially true for food items where the environ- mental impact of the food is high relative the packaging, for example cheese, and for food items with high losses, for example bread. It is important to analyse the risk of increasing food losses when pack- aging design changes, for example, when the aim is less packaging material, which is the main intention of the packaging and packaging waste directive of the European Union.

  • 26.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Williams, Helén
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    The influence of packaging attributes on recycling and food waste behaviour – An environmental comparison of two packaging alternatives2016Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 137, s. 895-902Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses how user behaviour influences the environmental comparison of two different packages for minced meat - a lightweight tube and a tray. The direct and indirect environmental effects are evaluated using simplified LCA. A number of packaging attributes with regard to food waste and recycling behaviour are analysed for the packages, and then used for the scenario calculations. The results show that the tube is the superior environmental alternative when only the direct effects are considered. When indirect effects and user behaviour are included in the comparison, the tray is the better alternative due to higher recycling rates and, most importantly, less food waste during the process of emptying. However, the environmental impacts due to the food waste in the tube may be compensated for, if the longer shelf-life of the tube results in lower wastage in the households. It is concluded that indirect environmental effects and user behaviour should be included in environmental assessments of packaging to obtain meaningful results.

  • 27.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Williams, Helén
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    Trischler, Jakob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för tjänsteforskning (from 2013).
    Rowe, Zane
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för ingenjörs- och kemivetenskaper (from 2013).
    The importance of packaging functions for food waste of different products in households2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 9, s. 1-16, artikkel-id 2641Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations sustainability goal SDG 12.3 is to reduce the amount of food that is wasted by half, due to environmental and social reasons. This paper aims to analyse the most important packaging functions that affect food waste in households for different products, as the reason for wastage can be expected to differ between different products. The reasons for food wastage of different categories and products have been compiled through literature studies, and possible improvements of packaging functions to reduce food waste have been identified. In addition, an expert workshop judged the most important packaging functions to reduce food waste for a number of products. They also discussed the obstacles and possibilities to realise the packaging improvements. This study confirms that how packaging functions influence food waste on the product level is a highly unexplored question. Most likely, there is high potential to reduce food waste through better adaptions of packaging functions to user needs and habits. Both the literature study and the expert workshop show that less food per pack and better information regarding food safety and storage have high potential to reduce food waste, but also that product specific considerations are necessary.

  • 28.
    Zappine, M
    et al.
    Politecnico di Torino, Italy.
    Fiore, S
    Politecnico di Torino, Italy.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
    Brattebö, L
    V.
    Meucci, L
    Research Center, Torino, Italy.
    Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions within the Turin Metropolitan Urban Water Cycle2014Inngår i: Procedia Engineering, ISSN 1877-7058, E-ISSN 1877-7058, Vol. 89, nr 1, s. 1382-1389Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
1 - 28 of 28
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf