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  • 1.
    Adeva Rodil, Teresa
    Karlstad University, Division for Engineering Sciences, Physics and Mathematics.
    Edge effect on abrasive wear mechanisms and wear resistance in WC-6wt.% Co hardmetals2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Wear of hardmetals is a complicated topic because the wear resistance and the wear mechanisms are influenced by microstructural factors. Although edge wear resistance has a vital importance, most of the researches made in laboratories are related to flat wear resistance using coarse abrasive paper. This situation produces problems with the prediction of abrasive wear behaviour and with the estimation of the lifetime of cutting edges of different kinds of tooling.

    Several studies have been done in order to clarify edge wear behaviour. It has been published correlations of the edge toughness to the load and to the bulk fracture toughness. In those publications coarse abrasive or Vickers indenter were used.

    In the present research, edge shaped specimens of WC-6wt%Co grades were investigated. In order to compare the obtained results for flat sliding and edge wear behaviour two test arrangements, pin on flat disc and edge on flat disc were employed. The specimens were tested using 120, 320, 800 and 2400 mesh SiC abrasive paper and the worn surfaces were investigated using SEM instrument to evaluate wear mechanisms. The edge wear was observed was discussed in relation to wear mechanisms investigated and correlated to the flat wear behaviour.

    The obtained results showed limited applicability of the results obtained with the pin on the flat disc test arrangement for prediction of the edge wear resistance, especially in the case when size of the abrasive particles is close to the WC grain size. However, both edge and flat wear results were similar in; 1) large WC grain sized hard metals wore more than fine grain sized against coarse abrasive paper whereas the reverse occurred against fine abrasives, and 2) wear mechanisms were mainly ploughing (or grooving) for fine grain sized hardmetals in all cases, whereas wear mechanisms changed from ploughing to binder removal and carbide pull-out going from coarse to fine abrasive paper.

  • 2.
    Adolfsson, Robin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Jönsson, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Är SundaHus materialklassning kompatibel med Miljöbyggnads, BREEAMs och LEEDs materialkrav?: En studie om SundaHus miljöklassningar.2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a society where there is a shortage of housing and the demand for new and sustainable buildings is growing. The houses that are being built today are focused on being energy efficient to save resources. Something that is forgotten is the choice of materials to house constructions. Materials can affect nature and people from the cradle to the grave by for example material hazardous components. The certification systems Miljöbyggnad, BREEAM and LEED have been checked and their material criteria have been defined. Through a selection of construction materials taken from SundaHus a review has been made of these materials towards the certification systems´ criteria on materials to see if they are compatible. The minority of the criteria were reviewed to separate materials and could be verified in SundaHus. Almost all materials passed the criteria that could be used of Miljöbyggnad and BREEAM regardless of classification in SundaHus. None of the LEED criteria were compatible with SundaHus for separate materials. The fact that the worse classifications in SundaHus could pass the criteria that were reviewed indicates that the requirements in environmental certification systems are too low. Higher and more demands should be made on individual materials and the hazardous substances in them.

  • 3.
    Al Motasem, Ahmed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics. Assiut University, Egypt.
    Bergström, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Gåård, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Krakhmalev, Pavel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Holleboom, Thijs
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Tool microstructure impact on the wear behavior of ferrite iron during nanoscratching: An atomic level simulation2017In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 370-371, p. 39-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present work, molecular dynamics simulations were used to investigate the impact of the tool microstructure on the wear behavior of ferrite workpiece during nanoscratching. The tool microstructure was modified by varying the carbide (cementite) contents. The simulation results show that dislocations are the primary mechanism for plastic deformation of the workpiece material. It is found that total dislocation length varies significantly depending on the carbide content in the tool. Furthermore, other tribological phenomena were also observed to depend on the carbide contents. For example, the average value of frictional forces decreased while the normal force increases with increasing carbide contents, and hence the friction coefficient was decreased. Additionally, the shape and size of lateral and frontal pileups are lowered. The structural analysis of the pileup region reveals the loss of long range order and start of amorphisation. The temperature distribution of the pileup regions showed an increase of the pileup temperature when carbide is added into tool. The wear volume is considerably reduced when the carbide content increases. The average scratch hardness was found to decrease and the result was analyzed with the theoretical Taylor hardening model.

  • 4.
    Almlöf Ambjörnsson, Heléne
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Germgård, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Enzyme treatment of dissolving pulps as a way to improve the following dissolution of the fibres2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    AlMotasem, A
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics. Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceAssiut University Assiut Egyp.
    Bergström, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Gåård, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Krakhmalev, Pavel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics, Science, Mathematics and Engineering Education Research.
    Holleboom, Thijs Jan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Atomistic insights on the wear/friction behavior of nanocrystalline ferrite during nanoscratching as revealed by molecular dynamics2017In: Tribology letters, ISSN 1023-8883, E-ISSN 1573-2711, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 101-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using embedded atom method potential, extensive large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of nanoindentation/nanoscratching of nanocrystalline (nc) iron have been carried out to explore grain size dependence of wear response. MD results show no clear dependence of the frictional and normal forces on the grain size, and the single-crystal (sc) iron has higher frictional and normal force compared to nc-samples. For all samples, the dislocation- mediated mechanism is the primary cause of plastic deformation in both nanoindentation/nanoscratch. However, secondary cooperative mechanisms are varied significantly according to grain size. Pileup formation was observed in the front of and sideways of the tool, and they exhibit strong dependence on grain orientation rather than grain size. Tip size has significant impact on nanoscratch characteristics; both frictional and normal forces monotonically increase as tip radii increase, while the friction coefficient value drops by about 38%. Additionally, the increase in scratch depth leads to an increase in frictional and normal forces as well as friction coefficient. To elucidate the relevance of indentation/scratch results with mechanical properties, uniaxial tensile test was performed for nc-samples, and the result indicates the existence of both the regular and inverse Hall-Petch relations at critical grain size of 110.9 angstrom. The present results suggest that indentation/scratch hardness has no apparent correlation with the mechanical properties of the substrate, whereas the plastic deformation has.

  • 6.
    AlMotasem, Ahmed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Bergström, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Gåård, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Krakhmalev, Pavel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Holleboom, Thijs
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Adhesion between ferrite iron-€“iron/cementite countersurfaces: A molecular dynamics study2016In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 103, p. 113-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The adhesive properties of Fe(110)/Fe(110) and Fe3C(001)/Fe(110) countersurfaces have been investigated by using classical molecular dynamics simulations. The simulation results show that Fe3C/Fe exhibits a relatively lower adhesion compared to the Fe/Fe. Additionally, the temperature dependence of the adhesive properties between 300–700 K has been examined. The results demonstrate that, with increasing the temperature, the values of the adhesion force and the work of adhesion continuously decrease in the case of Fe3C/Fe; they initially slightly increase up to 500 K then decrease in the case of Fe/Fe. Furthermore, the effect of lattice coherency between Fe/Fe has been examined and found to slightly reduce the adhesion. These results explain how carbides improve galling resistance of tool steel observed during dry sliding. 

  • 7. Almotasem, Ahmed
    et al.
    Bergström, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Gåård, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Krakhmalev, Pavel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Holleboom, Thijs Jan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    A molecular dynamic study on the influence of carbide particles in ferrite on material transfer during nanoscratching of ferritic iron2016In: Proceedings of the 10th International Tool Conference: TOOL, 10th International TOOL Conference : 04th to 07th October 2016, Bratislava, Slovakia / [ed] Simancik, Frantisek, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    AlMotasem, Ahmed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Gåård, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Influence of chemical composition on adhesion in metallic contacts2016In: International Journal of Advances in Science Engineering and Technology, ISSN 2321-9009, Vol. 4, no 3, Spl. Iss. 1, p. 229-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    - In sheet metal forming operations, adhesive wear is the main causeof tool damage as sheet material is transferred to the tool surface during the forming operation. Means of reducing adhesive wear are of high interest for the metal forming industry.In the present work, molecular dynamics simulations were used to investigate influence of alloying iron with vanadium on adhesive properties in contact with iron. The results showed that adhesion, quantified by the work of adhesion, decreased as the vanadium content increased. Highest reduction was obtained for 10 at.% vanadium which corresponded to a decrease in adhesive work of approximately 10%.

  • 9.
    Almström, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Söderström, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Alternative materials for high-temperature and high-pressure valves2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AB SOMAS Ventiler manufactures valves for different applications. A valve of type DN VSSL 400, PN 100, used in high-temperature and high-pressure applications was investigated in this thesis. This type of valve is coated with high cobalt alloys to achieve the tribological properties needed for this severe condition. However there is a request from AB Somas Ventiler to find another solution. This request is based on the fact that demands on higher temperatures, from customers, yields higher requirements on the material. It is also a price issue since cobalt is quite expensive. Materials investigated were high-nitrogen steel, Vanax 75, nickel-based superalloy Inconel 718 and hardened steels, EN 1.4903 and EN 1.4923 presently used as base material in the valve.

    Calculation of contact pressure that arises when the valve is closed was first approached by using finite element method (FEM). Several models were constructed to show the behavior of the valve during closing in terms of deformation. Hot wear tests, in which a specimen was pressed against a rotating cylinder, were performed to be able to compare the materials to the solution of today and among each other. Data extracted from the tests were compiled in the form of coefficients of friction. Profilometer examinations were used to reveal the volumes of worn and adhered material and together with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) the wear situation for each material couple could be assessed.

    Wear mechanisms detected in SEM were adhesive and abrasive and the results clearly showed that the steels were not a good solution because of severe adhesive wear due to the similarity of mating materials creating a more efficient bonding between the asperities. Vanax 75 showed much better performance but there was still an obvious difference between the steels and the superalloy in terms of both coefficient of friction and amount of wear. On this basis, Inconel 718 was selected as the most suitable material to replace the high cobalt alloys used in the valves today.

  • 10.
    Almusaed, Amjad
    et al.
    Archcrea Institute.
    Almssad, AsaadKarlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Insulation Materials in Context of Sustainability2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 11. Andersson, Niclas
    et al.
    Germgård, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Ljungqvist, Carl-Henrik
    Thuvander, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Determining the strain to failure for constrained pulp fibres by means of single-fibre2002In: Appita Journal, Vol. vol 55 no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12. Andersson, Niclas
    et al.
    Germgård, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Ljungqvist, Carl-Henrik
    Thuvander, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Determining the strain to failure for constrained pulp fibres by means of single-fibre fragmentation2002In: Appita Journal 55(2002)3, 224-229Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Study of Dross in Ductile Cast Iron Main Shafts2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study of dross in ductile cast iron main shafts was performed at Global Castings Guldsmedshyttan AB and presented in this master thesis. The purpose of the study was to obtain answers to why dross defects were present in some of the foundry's casted main shafts, with the main problem located at the flange of the shaft. The chemical composition of the dross formations and which steps in the casting process that increased the dross formation were of interest. The study only included dross in main shafts manufactured at Global Castings Guldsmedshyttan AB.

    Dross particles form when elements such as Mg, Ca, Si and Mn react with O. These elements, which are highly reactive to O, are used in ductile cast irons to achieve the spheroidal graphite nodules that regulate the cast materials ductile properties. If a higher amount of dross particles has formed, the particles will start to cluster, resulting in a growing dross formation. Dross formations works as surface crack initiation points and reduces the castings fatigue strength and ductility.

    During the study it was seen that the cause of dross formations is a combination of many parameters increasing the melts exposure to O resulting in dross defects. The dross formations could be connected to worn out ladles, low melt temperatures, incorrect additions of Mg treatment, lack of an extra slag removal station and finally turbulence as the melt were poured into the mould.

    At Global Castings Guldsmedshyttan AB a greater part of the main shafts containing dross defects were a result of worn out ladles and low melt temperatures. The types of dross found in the main shaft material were mainly Mg, Ca, Si and Al which had reacted with O. S bonded with Mg and Ca was also detected in the dross formations. It was shown that the dross particles could be derived from charge material, Mg treatment and inoculation.

    To avoid dross defects the first step would be to set up an extra slag station, shorten the interval of maintenance of the ladles and to better adjust the melt temperature to the condition of the specific ladle. To minimize dross due to excess Mg a better controlled process would be recommended with an increased number of monitored manufacturing parameters.    

  • 14.
    Andersson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Analysis of welding in comparable steel grades: Influence of steel grade on the welding process2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis is written to examine the influence of different low carbon steel sheet materials on the GMAW welding process. During welding the properties of the base material influence the productivity of the welding process. The purpose of this thesis is to examine how the choice of material and welding speed affect the welding process and the productivity.

    A literature survey was performed to describe the welding technique and the differences in manufacturing for the sheet materials as well as the effect of alloying and welding on the sheet material. Defects in the weld and methods used to determine them are explained. Test pieces of the different sheet materials were welded with the GMAW process and examined.

    The result shows that there is a variation in the welding process regarding weld penetration. Measurements also show that welding speed and gap have little influence on the hardness of the weld and heat-affected zone and that the S355MC is more likely to suffer from a narrower toe transition radius than S355NL and S355MC Si. This and the higher area in the Y2 region for the S355MC could indicate a stronger inward flow in the weld pool during welding possibly a result of surface active agents such as oxygen and sulphur.

  • 15.
    Annergren, Göran
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Instability of acidic sulfite cooking of softwoods2013Other (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Anselmo, Ana Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    The morphology of polyfluorene: fullerene blend films for photovoltaic applications2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Polymer photovoltaic systems whose photoactive layer is a blend of a semiconducting polymer with a fullerene derivative in a bulk heterojunction configuration are amongst the most successful organic photovoltaic devices nowadays. The three-dimensional organization in these layers (the morphology) plays a crucial role in the performance of the devices. Detailed characterization of this organization at the nanoscale would provide valuable information for improving future material and architectural design and for device optimization.

    In this thesis, the results of morphology studies of blends of several polyfluorene copolymers (APFOs) blended with a fullerene derivative are presented. Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy was combined with dynamic Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (dSIMS) for surface and in-depth characterization of the blend films. NEXAFS was performed using two different electron detection methods, partial (PEY) and total (TEY) electron yield, which provide information from different depth regimes. Quantitative compositional information was obtained by fitting the spectra of the blend films with a linear combination of the spectra of films of the pure components. In blends of APFO3 with PCBM in two different blend ratios (1:1 and 1:4 of polymer:fullerene) NEXAFS data show the existence of compositional gradients in the vertical direction for both blend ratios, with clear polymer enrichment of the free surface. A series of APFOs with systematic changes in the side-chains was studied and it was shown that those small modifications can affect polymer:fullerene interaction and induce vertical phase separation. Polymer-enrichment of the free surface was clearly identified, in accordance with surface energy minimization mechanisms, and a compositional gradient was revealed already in the first few nanometers of the surface of the blend films. dSIMS showed that this vertical phase separation propagates throughout the film. It was possible to determine that as the polar character of the polymer increases, and thus the polymer:fullerene miscibility is improved, the tendency for vertical phase separation becomes stronger.

  • 17.
    Anselmo, Ana Sofia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Dzwilewski, Andrzej
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Rysz, Jakub
    M. Smoluchowski Insitute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow 30–059, Poland.
    Budkowski, Andrzej
    M. Smoluchowski Insitute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow 30–059, Poland.
    Svensson, Krister
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    van Stam, Jan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Moons, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Polymer solar cells: Visualizing vertical phase separation in solution-processed films of polymer fullerene blends2012In: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium Technologies for Polymer Electronics - TPE 12 / [ed] Hans-Klaus Roth, Klaus Heinemann, Ilmenau, Germany: Universitätsverlag Ilmenau , 2012, p. 125-128Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Arvidsson, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Leidefeldt, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Unosson, Tobias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Ergonomic Cabin Access: Utveckling av in- och ursteg till hög lastbilshytt2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project was performed by students of the Innovation and design engineering programme on Karlstad University, Sweden. Group members have been Johan Arvidsson, Marcus Leidefeldt and Tobias Unosson. The degree project consisted of 20 weeks of work of which 5 was an individual study in literature. The project carried out during the spring of 2006.

    Assigner for the project was Hedenberg Advanced Vehicle Design, HAVD, who is a development company serving the vehicle industry and specializing in interior parts and trim. Contacts were Björn Hedenberg and Ingemar Carlson, HAVD. Examiner at Karlstad University was Lennart Wihk. The project was also collaboration together with VOLVO Truck Car Corp in Gothenburg.

    The task the students were given was to improve and develop a new solution for truck drivers, getting in and out of high trucks. A goal with the project was to build a functioning prototype on a VOLVO truck to be shown at the exhibit for degree projects in Karlstad, May 2006.

    In this project the students participated in a project management course given by HAVD in their facilities. The group toke part of a new development method originated from the vehicle industry. This method was used as a frame for the entire project and consisted of three phases, the idea phase, research phase and the realization phase. Between each phase of the project there was a point called a gate, in which important decisions were maid in the group together with HAVD.

    The project resulted in a mechanical lift, mounted onto the side of the truck transporting the driver safely up and down. The solution was named ECA, Ergonomic Cabin Access. Drawings for the concept and its mounting were completed along with an economic calculation. The final result is developed with focus on the driver ergonomics with a sensible construction using available components. The core in the construction is the so called linear motion drive. This device transforms a rotating force into a linear motion. The concept was adapted to fit a VOLVO truck by replacing the trucks previous three footsteps.

    The final concept was presented at HAVD and Karlstad University at the exhibit for degree projects, 30 May 2006. The concept could not however be built into a prototype due to financial reasons. The degree project ECA resulted in drawings, renderings, animations and this academic report.

  • 19.
    Axelsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Joelsson, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Åkman, Karl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    NEOS Office Workstation 2007: Daifukudesigns, Barcelona2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project consisted of developing an office workstation specially designed to compete at the Spanish market. The assignment was received from the Daifuku Designs, a design company in Barcelona, Spain. Daifuku Designs are well experienced in various kinds of product and interior design, but has not designed office furniture earlier. The project’s purpose was to introduce the company to the branch of office furniture.

    The research phase consisted in three different parts, a survey concerning office work that was handed out to Swedish and Spanish office workers and cleaning staff, studies of the world leading companies in the branch of office furniture and educational visits at different showrooms and offices.

    The project resulted in a desk that is offering a flexible space dividing system and a unique cord solution. The space dividers can be put anywhere along the desktop and are easily moved by hand. All the cords and cables are hidden in the desk and computers, phones, e.g. can be installed anywhere on the desk. The desk can be used both separately and in big office landscape. Flexibility is a common sales argument and the demand of this kind of flexibility is constantly growing. The trends to hire personnel and to work in temporary project groups are two reasons to the growing demand. The office furniture needs to be able to be used in different ways when the constellation of the project group is changing. It is a big advantage if the same desks can be used for different occasions.

  • 20.
    Banell, Mia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Division for Engineering Sciences, Physics and Mathematics.
    Björfelt, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Division for Engineering Sciences, Physics and Mathematics.
    Svetspåverkan på martensit-austenitiskt rostfritt stål2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is performed at Rolls-Royce AB in Kristinehamn. Rolls-Royce AB is a world leading supplier of different transmission systems for example ship propellers.

    This report contains a material investigation in martensitic-austenitic stainless steel SS EN GX4CrNi13-4 which is used in their propellers.

    The propeller blade is sand casted and cavities that may form during casting are fixed by weld repairing. The aim of the project work was to look into what effects the welding has on the material considering the tensile strength, microstructure and hardness (some parts of a WPS, Welding Procedure Specification)

    Different stress-relieving annealing temperatures have been tested after welding to study possible influences.

    According to the results and analysis the conclusions are that weld repairs and stress-relieving annealing does not affect the properties negative considering the tensile strength, microstructure and hardness.

  • 21.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Beghello, L
    Magnetic printing for packaging industry: methods and feasibility2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Larsson, Per-Lennart
    Östlund, Sören
    Hallbäck, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Karathanasis, Michael
    On material characterization of paper coating materials by microindentation testing2005In: JCT: Journal of Coatings Technology, ISSN 0361-8773, Vol. 2, no 6, p. 463-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Microindentation as a method for determining important material properties of paper coating materials is studied experimentally and numerically. The bulk of the investigation is concentrated upon the short-lived elastic part of a spherical indentation test, but determination of the failure stress of the coating is also discussed. The results indicate that microindentation can be a powerful tool for material characterization of these materials, but only if careful efforts are made to account for the influence from plasticity as well as from boundary effects

  • 23.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Larsson, PL
    KTH Stockholm.
    Östlund, S
    Experimental investigation of damage at folding of coated papers2002In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 34-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve a better understanding of the folding properties of coated papers pertinent to the mechanical behaviour, a microscopic investigation was performed. The influence on the damage levels in the coating from such features as delamination, humidity and paper thickness have been studied

  • 24.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Larsson, PL
    Östlund, S
    Numerical investigation of folding of coated papers2005In: Composite StructuresArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Folding of coated paper is examined numerically using the finite element method. Particular emphasis is put on the behaviour of field variables relevant for cracking of the coating layers. In the numerical analysis, the basepaper is modelled as an anisotropic elasticplastic material (both elastic and plastic anisotropy is accounted for) while the constitutive behaviour of the coating layers are approximated by classical (Mises) elastoplasticity. The numerical results suggest, among other things, that particular forms of plastic anisotropy can substantially reduce the maximum strain levels in the coating. It is also shown that delamination buckling, in the present circumstances, will have a very small influence on the strain levels in the coating layer subjected to high tensile loading

  • 25.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Larsson, PL
    Östlund, S
    On dynamic effects at folding of coated papers2005In: Composite StructuresArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Larsson, PL
    KTH Stockholm.
    Östlund, S
    On the effect of high anisotropy at folding of coated papers2007In: Composite structures, ISSN 0263-8223, E-ISSN 1879-1085, Vol. 72, no 3, p. 330-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A finite element procedure, developed in order to account for the effect of high anisotropy at folding of coated papers, is presented. The anisotropic behaviour (with very low stiffness in the thickness direction) is modelled using stiff structural elements (trusses and beams). The numerical results indicate that high elastic anisotropy leads to lower strain levels at folding than reported in previous analyses where this effect was not accounted for. High plastic anisotropy, on the other hand, will contradict this result

  • 27.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Larsson, PL
    Östlund, S
    Eklund, J
    Folding of printed papers: experiments and numerical analysis2003Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Folding of digital prints has been investigated experimentally in order to determine the influence from different features on the residual strength of the folded paper. In particular, the effect of toner-layer, paper-fibre orientation and pre-creasing is investigated and the experimental results are supplemented with numerical ones based on the finite element method. The results indicate that creasing, and to a less extend also fibre orientation, is the most important factor influencing the residual tensile strength after folding

  • 28.
    Barbier, Christophe
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Rättö, Peter
    Hornatowska, Joanna
    Coating models for an analysis of cracking behavior between folded paper and creased board2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creasing coated carton board or folding coated magazine paper, result in large strains in the surface layer of the paper product and might result in surface cracks, which decrease the quality of the products. A better understanding of the mechanical properties of coated layers increases the knowledge needed to reduce crack formation in coated fiberbased materials.The crack area on a coated board was measured after creasing and folding and the crack area on a coated copy paper was measured after folding. A clay pigment and a Ground Calcium Carbonate (GCC) pigment were used. The binder was either an S/B latex or an S/B latex combined with starch.

  • 29. Beder- Miller, Sandra
    et al.
    Andersson, Niclas
    Wilke, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Biazzo, Tom
    van Fleet, Rick
    Germgård, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Is Conductivity the Best Measurement of Bleach Plant Carryover?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Bellström, Peter
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Kilbrink, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Problem-Based Learning in a Programming Context: Planning and Executing A Pilot Survey on Database Access in a Programming Language2009In: Information Systems Development: Towards a Service Provision Society / [ed] Papadopoulos, G.A, Wojtkowski, G., Wojtkowski, W., Wrycza, S. & Zupancic, J. (eds.), Springer, 2009, p. 867-875Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we describe a pilot survey on applying problem-based learning (PBL) in an undergraduate programming course. During the course the students have applied PBL as a complement to traditional teaching and learning techniques. The PBL problem in this survey combines both knowledge about programming and knowledge about databases. We argue that to handle programming the students have to learn programming according to the deep approach to learning in order to be able to apply their knowledge in new programming situations and contexts. The result from this pilot survey indicates from both a tutor and a student perspective that PBL could be one method to reach a deeper understanding on how to access databases in a programming language.

  • 31.
    Bengtsson, Joakim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Modulanpassning av haspelsystemet CamCoil2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Camatec Industrial Technology AB was the client of this project. Their headquarters are based in Karlstad, Sweden. The main task of the project was modular adaptation of Camatecs patented decoiler system, CamCoil. However, the project also included construction from scratch of various components. This report covers the design of joints between shaft and hub, the construction of a passive braking system, the design of motor and appropriate gear ratio of the drivetrain, calculations of the critical speed for the decoiler system, material analysis of the mantle, a design for lateral movement and the construction of a mechanism which pushes of a finished coil from the reel. Through calculations and simulations, it has been ensured that vital parts of the considered structures are properly designed with respect to strength, deformation and critical angular frequency.

    The modular adaptation process has been ongoing throughout the whole project and standard components have been used whenever possible, in all design solutions. The joint between the shaft and the hub now consists of a wedge connection whose dimensions are standardized for the entire model range. The same dimensions are used in the wedge connection which locks the brake disc to the shaft. The passive braking system has been designed to stop the decoiler system in under for four seconds with a full coil and a belt speed of 500 m/min, when the hydraulic pressure is lost. An engine mount for vertical attachment of the drive train has been designed for which a motor of 22 kW is used, in conjunction with a gearbox with five possible gear ratios.

    The frame, on which all components are mounted, is now updated and a single frame design is now used for all coilweights. Mounting points are now included on the frame's sides, which allows for attachment of components that are not included in this project. After an analysis with CES EduPack it was found that the low-alloyed steel, currently used in the manufacture of the mantle, was an appropriate choice of material for the application.

    A mechanism was designed which allows lateral movement of the reel, based on a linear guide system consisting of slide bearings. The force needed to move the system is applied by a double acting hydraulic cylinder. The design of the mechanism which pushes of a finished coil is also based on a linear guide system consisting of slide bearings, but here the force is applied by two flow-controlled hydraulic cylinders.

  • 32.
    Bergh, Gustav
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Förslitning av fräsverktyg2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Bergstrom, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Burman, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Svensson, Jonas
    Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB, Klerkgatan 21, SE-70225 Orebro, Sweden..
    Jansson, Andreas
    Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB, Klerkgatan 21, SE-70225 Orebro, Sweden..
    Ivansson, Charlotta
    Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB, Klerkgatan 21, SE-70225 Orebro, Sweden..
    Zhou, Jing
    Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB, Klerkgatan 21, SE-70225 Orebro, Sweden..
    Valizadeh, Sima
    Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB, Klerkgatan 21, SE-70225 Orebro, Sweden..
    Very High Cycle Fatigue of Two Ductile Iron Grades2016In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, E-ISSN 1869-344X, Vol. 87, no 5, p. 614-621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two ductile iron grades, EN-GJS-600-3 a ferritic-pearlitic grade, and EN-GJS-600-10 a silicon strengthened ferritic nodular iron grade, are studied in the very high cycle fatigue range using a 20kHz ultrasonic test equipment. Fatigue strengths and SN-curves are achieved, and fracture surfaces and microstructures are investigated. The ferritic grade with higher ductility displays a lower fatigue strength at 10(8) load cycles than the ferritic-pearlitic grade, 142 and 167MPa, respectively. Examination of fracture surfaces shows that fatigue failures are controlled by micropores in both of the ductile iron grades, while the graphite nodule distributions do not seem to influence the difference in fatigue strengths. Prediction of the fatigue strengths, using a model for ductile iron proposed by Endo and Yanase, indicates a large potential for improvement in particular for the ferritic grade.

  • 34.
    Bergström, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Strain-based approach to crack growth and thermal fatigue life of hot work tool steels2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Björk, T
    Westergard, R
    Hogmark, S
    Wear of surface treated dies for aluminium extrusion - a case study2001Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Burman, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Simulation of Heat Checking in Die Casting1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Burman, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Persson, A
    Experimental simulation of heat checking using H13 tool steel2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Enineering.
    Carling, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Andersson, J
    Secondary hardening carbides in hot work tool steels analyzed by TEM2009In: / [ed] P beiss, C Brockmann, S Franke, B Keysselitz, Aachen: Verlag mainz, Wissenschaftsverlag , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Ericsson, T
    Surfaces of forming tools1997Book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Gunnel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Fatigue and Surface Defects in Tools for Cold Forming1997In: / [ed] J Bergström, T Ericsson, 1997Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Fredriksson, Gunnel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Fatigue of Cold Work Steels1998Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Gunnel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Fatigue of cold work tool steel1999In: Matériaux & Techniques, ISSN 0032-6895, Vol. 87, no 1-2, p. 9-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One important surface property of forming tools is their resistance to cracking due to fatigue loading. The wide variety of steel grades, material handling, machining operations and surface treatments will give very different fatigue properties. The present article gives examples on the influence of steel grades, EDM machining and surface coating. Initial cracks may be introduced in the tool during the processing to its final shape and surface finish, why a particular interest is given to small cracks introduced by the EDM process.

  • 43.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Gunnel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Johansson, M
    Kotik, Ouliana
    Thuvander, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Paper Surface Centre. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    The Use of Tool Steels: Experience and Research2002Book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Fredriksson, Gunnel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Persson, A
    Fatigue of tool steel in cold and hot work applications2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 45.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Kazymyrovych, Vitaliy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Burman, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Ekengren, Jens
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
    Test specimen geometry, stress calculation and mean stress in 20kHz testing in the very long fatigue life region2011In: VHCF5 5thInternational Conference on Very High Cycle Fatigue / [ed] Christina Berger, Hans-Jurgen Christ, Berlin: Deutcher Verband fur Materialforschung und prufung , 2011, p. 315-320Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Enineering.
    Krakhmalev, Pavel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Enineering.
    Gåård, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Enineering.
    Lindvall, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Enineering.
    Galling in sheet metal forming2008In: Proceedings of the IDDRG 2008 Conference: Best in class stamping, 16-18 June 2008, Olofström: Industriellt utvecklingscentrum i Olofström AB , 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Rezai-Aria, F
    High temperature fatigue of tool steels2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Sjöström, Johnny
    Persson, A
    Hogmark, S
    Failure modes in field-tested brass die casting dies2004In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, v 148, n 1, 2004Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Sundqvist, Martin
    Surface damage in extrusion and die casting1995Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Bergström, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering.
    Thuvander, F
    Wear of die materials in full scale plastic injection moulding of glassfibre reinforced poluycarbonate2001Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
1234567 1 - 50 of 399
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