Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
1711 Affected sexuality, body image and health related quality of life in patients treated for hematologic malignancies - a one year follow-up
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0944-5650
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1382-4386
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0417-6161
2015 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer, Vol. 51, S252- p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Longitudinal studies examining sexuality, body image and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in middle-aged and elderly patients treated with chemotherapy or chemoimmunotherapy for hematologic malignancies are lacking. The aim of this study was to describe and explore changes in sexuality, body image and HRQoL in patients treated

for hematologic malignancies, from baseline until twelve months after treatment.

Material and Methods: Patients above 45 years treated for Diffuse large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) or Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Data were collected at baseline (n = 32), one (n = 25), six (n = 20) and 12 months (n = 19) after treatment by means of three instruments: The Sexual Adjustment Questionnaire (SAQ), The

Body Image Scale (BIS) and The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30, version 3). Descriptive- and non-parametric statistics were used.

Results: One month after treatment scores were lowered regarding sexual interest (P = 0.005), sexual function (P = 0.031), sexual satisfaction (P = 0.016, P = 0.004) and sexual relationship. After six months the patient reported scores had returned almost entirely to baseline scores, except for sexual relationship. At 12 months, sexual relationship was still negatively affected. Body image was reported to be affected in a low extent during

the study period. After six and 12 months, body image was reported to not be affected at all by 50% and 53%, respectively. However, women reported body-image to be more affected than men at one (P = 0.01) and 12 months (p = 0.021). Regarding HRQoL, patients reported gradually statistically significant improved scores during the study period.

Conclusion: In this study, sexuality, body image and HRQoL became negatively affected in patients with hematologic malignancies 45 years and older during treatment. Improvements were gradually seen after treatment, but the scores regarding sexual relationship were still affected after one year. Although sexual interest was reported to be low this finding highlights the need of support to these patients regarding sexuality during follow-up care. Furthermore, body image was more affected in women than in men indicating that interventions should be adjusted for sex. This was a small study and future studies with larger sample are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 51, S252- p.
Keyword [en]
Sexuality, body image, healt realted quality of life, cancer patients, hematologic malignancies
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-46155DOI: 10.1016/S0959-8049(16)30727-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-46155DiVA: diva2:971209
Available from: 2016-09-15 Created: 2016-09-15 Last updated: 2016-10-31Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Olsson, CeciliaSandin-Bojö, Ann-KristinBjuresäter, KaisaLarsson, Maria
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 18 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link