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Predicting real-world functional milestones in schizophrenia
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. NU-sjukvården, Trollhättan.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1088-9793
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. NU-sjukvården, Trollhättan.
2016 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 242, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Schizophrenia is a severe disorder that often causes impairments in major areas of functioning, and most patients do not achieve expected real-world functional milestones. The aim of this study was to identify which variables of demography, illness activity, and functional capacity predict patients' ability to attain real-world functional milestones. Participants were 235 outpatients, 149 men and 86 women, diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorder. Our results showed that younger patients managed to achieve a higher level of functioning in educational level, marital status, and social contacts. Patients' functional capacity was primarily associated with educational level and housing situation. We also found that women needed less support regarding housing and obtained a higher level of marital status as compared with men. Our findings demonstrate the importance of considering current symptoms, especially negative symptoms, and remission stability over time, together with age, duration of illness, gender, educational level, and current functional capacity, when predicting patients' future real-world functioning. We also conclude that there is an advantage in exploring symptoms divided into positive, negative, and general domains considering their probable impact on functional achievements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 242, p. 1-6
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology with an emphasis on medical psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-45865DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.05.015ISI: 000381844200001PubMedID: 27235985OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-45865DiVA, id: diva2:970482
Projects
Clinical Long-term Investigation of Psychosis in Sweden (CLIPS)Available from: 2016-09-13 Created: 2016-09-13 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, Anna-Karin

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