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Om ADHD hos kvinner: En enkätstudie om självkänsla, stigma og subjektivt velbefinnende
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
2016 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
On ADHD among women : A survey about self-esteem, stigma and subjective well-being (English)
Abstract [no]

Syftet var å undersøke eventuelle samband og prediksjoner mellom självkänsla, stigmatisering og velbefinnende hos ADHD-diagnostiserte kvinner. Tilgjengelighetsutvalget besto av 141 kvinner i alderen 18 til 71 år, som hadde besvart en anonym webbasert enkät via ulike nettforum. Den beroende/oberoende variabelen självkänsla ble målt med Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), den oberoende variabelen/prediktoren stigmatisering ble målt med seksjonen stigmatisering av the Consumer Experience of Stigma Questionnaire (CESQ) og den beroende variabelen velbefinnende ble målt med Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Datamaterialet ble analysert med Pearsons korrelationskoefficient (Pearsons r) og med multippel regresjon. Korrelasjonsanalysen viste et negativt samband mellom stigmatisering og velbefinnende, et negativt samband mellom stigmatisering og självkänsla, et positiv samband mellom självkänsla og velbefinnende og et ikke eksisterende samband mellom år siden diagnostisering og velbefinnende. Regresjonsanalysen viste at 19% av variansen i velbefinnende kunne forklares av variansen i civilstånd og stigmatisering. Resultatet viste at opplevd stigmatisering var utbredt blant kvinner med ADHD. Mulige årsaker til opplevd stigmatisering ble diskutert og mulige intervensjoner ble diskutert.

Abstract [en]

The purpose was to investigate possible correlations and predictions between self-esteem, stigma and well-being among women with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The sample consisted of 141 women between the ages of 18 and 71, who had answered an anonymous electronical survey listed on various internet forums. The dependent/independent variable self-esteem was measured by the Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the independent variable/predictor stigma was measured by the stigma-section of the Consumer Experience of Stigma Questionnaire (CESQ) and the dependent variable well-being was measured by the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Data was analysed by Pearson’s correlation test and by multiple regression test. The analysis of correlation showed a negative correlation between stigma and well-being, a negative correlation between stigma and self-esteem, a positive correlation between self-esteem and well-being and a non-existing correlation between number of years since receiving the diagnosis and well-being. The analysis of regression showed that 19% of the variance in well-being could be explained by the variance in marital status and experienced stigma. The result showed that experienced stigma is an extensive issue among women with ADHD. Possible causes for experienced stigma have been discussed and possible interventions have also been discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, Self-esteem, Stigma, Well-being
Keyword [no]
ADHD, Självkänsla, Stigmatisering, Velbefinnende
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-45711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-45711DiVA: diva2:957844
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-06 Created: 2016-09-05 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved

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