Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Associations between neurodevelopmental disorders and factors related to school, health, and social interaction in schoolchildren: Results from a Swedish population-based survey
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7872-5808
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Lund Univ, Skne Univ Hosp, Dept Dermatol, Inst Clin Res Malmo, Malmo, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Karlstad, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3094-9685
2016 (English)In: Disability and Health Journal, ISSN 1936-6574, E-ISSN 1876-7583, Vol. 9, no 4, 663-672 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to be surrounded by different risk factors. In order to work preventively with decreasing ADHD and ASD symptoms, there is a need of more knowledge concerning risk factors. Objective: This study aimed to investigate school, health, lifestyle and social interactions association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among schoolchildren aged 6-17 years. Methods: Data for 18,416 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in the county of Varmland, Sweden, from the school year 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 were obtained from the Student Health Database, which includes information on health examinations by school nurses and self-reported information of mental and physical health, social relations, physical activity, and school conditions. Results: Of all participants, 2.4% reported only ADHD and 1.6% reported only ASD. The results confirmed that ADHD or ASD was significantly associated with worse school experiences, lower socioeconomic status, less physical activity, more substance use, weaker social network and more impairments than those without ADHD or ASD. Conclusions: Knowledge of risk or protective factors during school years is needed to develop interventions to reduce symptoms of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 9, no 4, 663-672 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-45528DOI: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.05.002ISI: 000384025800015PubMedID: 27343047OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-45528DiVA: diva2:956648
Available from: 2016-08-31 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2016-12-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1936657416300723

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Beckman, LindaJanson, Staffanvon Kobyletzki, Laura B
By organisation
Department of Health Sciences
In the same journal
Disability and Health Journal
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 34 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link