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Livstillfredsställelse, optimism och copingstrategier: En kovariansanalys utförd på studenter
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Life satisfaction, optimism and coping strategies : An analysis of covariance performed on students (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka livstillfredsställelse och optimism och dess relation till copingstrategier hos studenter. Studiens stickprov bestod av 163 studenter vid Umeå, Stockholm, Uppsala och Lunds Universitet som tillfrågades att besvara en anonym elektronisk enkät. Den elektroniska enkäten var tillgänglig under 14 dagar på Universitetens studentkårsgrupp på det sociala mediet Facebook. Respondenternas grad av livstillfredsställelse, optimism och copingstrategier blev självskattade genom instrumenten Satisfaction With Life Scale, Life Orientation Test-Revised och Brief COPE. Det insamlade datamaterialet analyserades sedan via statistikprogrammet SPSS. För att besvara studiens frågeställning utfördes en ANCOVA, där den beroende variabeln var livstillfredsställelse och de oberoende variablerna var låg och hög grad av optimism. Kovariat i studien var tre olika copingstrategier som kallas problemfokuserad, emotionsfokuserad och dysfunktionell copingstrategi. Resultatet visade att det fanns en relation mellan val av copingstrategi och dess grad av livstillfredsställelse. Resultatet visade även att det inte fanns någon signifikant skillnad mellan låg och hög grad av optimism avseende livstillfredsställelse med copingstrategier som kontrollerande variabel. Slutsatser som drogs från studien var att det spelade roll vilken copingstrategi som individen använde sig utav i avseende för graden av livstillfredsställelse. Vidare slutsatser var att det inte spelade någon roll om individen hade låg eller hög grad av optimism, då det inte fanns någon relation eller samband med dess grad av livstillfredsställelse, med eller utan copingstrategier som kontrollerande variabel.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to investigate life satisfaction and optimism, and its relation to coping strategies among students The sample consisted of 163 students at Umeå, Stockholm, Uppsala and Lund University who were asked to answer an anonymous electronic questionnaire. The electronic questionnaire was available for 14 days on the Universities Student Union group on the social media Facebook. The respondent’s level of life satisfaction, optimism and coping strategies were measured by the instrument Satisfaction With Life Scale, Life Orientation Test-Revised and Brief COPE. The collected data were then processed and analyzed using SPSS. In order to answer the question of the study an ANCOVA was performed, where the dependent variable was the life satisfaction and the independent variables was low and high degree of optimism. Covariate in the study were three different coping strategies called problem focused, emotion focused and dysfunctional coping strategy. Results showed that, depending on the coping strategy the respondents used, influenced its degree of life satisfaction. The results also showed that there was no significant difference between the low and the high degree of optimism regarding life satisfaction with coping strategies as controlling variable. Conclusions drawn from the study was that it did matter what kind of coping strategy the individual used regarding the degree of life satisfaction. Further conclusions showed that it did not matter if the individual had a low or high degree of life satisfaction, as there was no relationship or connection with the degree of life satisfaction, with or without coping strategies as a controlling variable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
Life satisfaction, optimism, coping strategies, questionnaire, ANCOVA
Keyword [sv]
Livstillfredsställelse, optimism, copingstrategier, enkät, ANCOVA
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-43541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-43541DiVA: diva2:941778
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Study program in Case Management (180 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-22 Last updated: 2016-06-27Bibliographically approved

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