Disasters as drivers for policy changes in the context of recurrent hazards?: The case of disaster risk management in Mozambique
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management - The Role of Science, Technology and Practice, IDRC Davos 2014, 384-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The development of disaster risk management (DRM) policies has gained attention in recent years but the processes leading to changes in DRM policies is still rather under-researched topic. One country where DRM has gained momentum over the last few years is Mozambique where recurrent natural disasters negatively impacts on the country’s development efforts. Drawing on policy process literature this paper scrutinises the DRM policy changes in Mozambique and the role of disasters in this process. The data for this qualitative case study was collected in early 2013 in Maputo, Mozambique mainly by interviewing a number of actors actively participating in DRM policy process. The results reveal that while disasters can play a role policy process, they alone do not explain any policy changes. While international agreements and cooperation where seen as the main drivers for change, disasters have made incremental changes possible by serving as "wake-up calls", through lessons learned and by keeping the issue high in agenda. The short return period of natural disasters directs focus and resources on disaster response and recovery, thereby overshadowing DRM, although its importance is well acknowledged in the country. The findings suggest that the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction could be a useful tool for Mozambique, in particular if it provides platforms for information exchange between the countries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 384-387 p.
Risk management, Disaster risk reductions; Driver; Mozambique; Natural disasters; Policy changes, Disasters
Research subject Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-43227ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84924970636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-43227DiVA: diva2:937721
5th International Disaster and Risk Conference: Integrative Risk Management - The Role of Science, Technology and Practice, IDRC Davos 2014 ; Conference Date: 24 August 2014 Through 28 August 2014