Post-Spawning Survival and Downstream Passage of Landlocked Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) in a Regulated River: Is There Potential for Repeat Spawning?
2015 (English)In: Rivers Research and Applications: an international journal devoted to river research and management, ISSN 1535-1459, E-ISSN 1535-1467, Vol. 32, no 5, 1008-1017 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Repeat salmonid spawners may make large contributions to total recruitment and long term population stability. Despite their potential importance, relatively little is known about this phase of the life history for anadromous populations, and nothing has been reported for landlocked populations. Here, we studied post-spawning behaviour and survival of landlocked Atlantic salmon in relation to downstream dam passage in the River KlarÃ€lven, Sweden. Eight hydropower stations separate the feeding grounds in Lake VÃ€nern from the spawning grounds in the River KlarÃ€lven, and no measures to facilitate downstream migration are present in the river. Forty-nine percent of the salmon survived spawning and initiated downstream migration. Females and small fish had higher post-spawning survival than males and large fish. The post-spawners migrated downstream in autumn and spring and remained relatively inactive in the river during winter. Downstream migration speed in the free flowing part of the river was highly variable with a median of 9.30km/day. Most fish passed the first hydropower station via upward-opening spill gates after a median residence time in the forebay of 25min. However, no tagged fish survived passage of all eight hydropower stations to reach Lake VÃ€nern. This result underscores the need for remedial measures to increase the survival of downstream migrating kelts.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Vol. 32, no 5, 1008-1017 p.
migration; kelt; multiple dam passage; telemetry; hydropower; gender difference
Research subject Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-42458DOI: 10.1002/rra.2926ISI: 000378715500018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84931843504OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-42458DiVA: diva2:930335