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Tobacco use habits among Swedish female youth athletes and the influence of the social environment
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0311-7979
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Högskolan i Jönköping.
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 12, no 3, 219-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Aim: This study examined the prevalence of tobacco habits and the influence of the social environment among Swedish female athletes representing both individual and team sports in Sweden. Material and method: A self-reported cross-sectional survey was performed with 791 female athletes 15-24 years old representing ten of the most common sports in Sweden. The questions related to the participants' involvement in sports and their tobacco habits. Results: Findings revealed that a large proportion of the female athletes had never smoked (65%) or used snus (74%). However, a considerable portion of the participants had tried smoking (27%) or using snus (20%), especially those involved in team sports. Results also showed statistically significant associations between female athletes' smoking habits and those of both their mothers and their peers, but not with the tobacco habits of their coaches, indicating that coaches do not influence the female athletes' use of tobacco. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study indicated that the vast majority of female athletes did not use tobacco. A significant portion had sometimes tried tobacco, especially members of team sports, but this behaviour did not seem to be influenced by the tobacco habits of their coaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 12, no 3, 219-225 p.
Keyword [en]
athletes, gender, smokeless tobacco, smoking, snuff, snus, sports
National Category
Dentistry
Research subject
Dental Hygiene
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41513DOI: 10.1111/idh.12065ISI: 000339432600011PubMedID: 24382360OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41513DiVA: diva2:923149
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2016-05-09Bibliographically approved

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Rolandsson, MargotWagnsson, Stefan
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