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Residential culturable fungi, (1-3,1-6)-beta-d-glucan, and ergosterol concentrations in dust are not associated with asthma, rhinitis, or eczema diagnoses in children
Univ Albany, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Rensselaer, NY 12144 USA..
Univ Albany, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Rensselaer, NY 12144 USA..
Danish Technol Inst, Mycol Lab, Taastrup, Denmark..
Aarhus Univ, Dept Publ Hlth, Sect Environm Occupat & Hlth, Aarhus C, Denmark..
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2014 (English)In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 158-170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Qualitative reporting of home indoor moisture problems predicts respiratory diseases. However, causal agents underlying such qualitative markers remain unknown. In the homes of 198 multiple allergic case children and 202 controls in Sweden, we cultivated culturable fungi by directly plating dust, and quantified (1-3, 1-6)-beta-d-glucan and ergosterol in dust samples from the child's bedroom. We examined the relationship between these fungal agents and degree of parent or inspector-reported home indoor dampness, and microbiological laboratory's mold index. We also compared the concentrations of these agents between multiple allergic cases and healthy controls, as well as IgE-sensitization among cases. The concentrations of culturable fungal agents were comparable between houses with parent and inspector-reported mold issues and those without. There were no differences in concentrations of the individual or the total summed culturable fungi, (1-3, 1-6)-beta-d-glucan, and ergosterol between the controls and the multiple allergic case children, or individual diagnosis of asthma, rhinitis, or eczema. Culturable fungi, (1-3, 1-6)-beta-d-glucan, and ergosterol in dust were not associated with qualitative markers of indoor dampness or mold or indoor humidity. Furthermore, these agents in dust samples were not associated with any health outcomes in the children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. Vol. 24, no 2, p. 158-170
Keywords [en]
Mold, Dampness, Indoor, Children, Allergies, Asthma
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41536DOI: 10.1111/ina.12068ISI: 000332773100006PubMedID: 24016225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41536DiVA, id: diva2:923124
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf

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