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Can school health promotion improve the school environment?: Results of a Swedish Public Health School Project
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2718-0104
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public Health Science; Public Health Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41221OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41221DiVA: diva2:916793
Available from: 2016-04-04 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2016-05-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Health Promotion in Schools: Results of a Swedish Public Health Project
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health Promotion in Schools: Results of a Swedish Public Health Project
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Hälsofrämjande arbete i skolan : Resultat från ett folkhälsoprojekt
Abstract [en]

All children have the right to a safe school environment that promotes good health. The fact that children’s feeling of well-being is declining is a vital public health concern. Health promotion in schools can help to create an environment that fosters good health, and the Swedish school environment is in need of improvement.

The main aim of the thesis was to examine the health promotion activities that have been performed in Karlstad municipality primary schools between 2006 and 2012, from different perspectives, focusing on the school environment.

This thesis includes four studies. Studies I and II are qualitative, and are based on interviews with all school managers in a municipality and children’s suggestions for improvement, respectively. Studies III and IV are quantitative and feature a cross-sectional design based on a questionnaire that was distributed at different points in time.

In study I the categories: ‘Organization and collaboration’, ‘Optimize the arena’ and ‘Strengthening the individual’ emerged as vital by the school managers in health promotion, to enable ‘Opportunities for learning and a good life’. In Study II, ‘Psychosocial climate’ and ‘Influence’ emerge by the children as essential to increase school satisfaction and improve social relations among peers. Study III shows that classmates’ characteristics and class composition were associated with different perceptions of the classroom climate. Study IV shows that the school environment improved during 2005-2011 in the project municipality schools, and compared to the other municipalities in the county.

In sum, it is always important to endeavor to provide a health supportive school environment, as it is a vital prerequisite for children’s health, well-being and academic achievements. This thesis contributes to the field by showing what is needed to enhance future health promotion in Swedish schools from different perspectives, to improve children’s opportunities for learning and a good life.

Abstract [en]

All children have the right to a safe school environment that promotes good health. Health promotion in schools can help to create an environment that fosters good health. The aim of this thesis was to examine the health promotion activities that have been performed in Karlstad municipality primary schools, between 2006 and 2012 from different perspectives, focusing on the school environment. The results complement with new knowledge about how schools work with health promotion, and describe how school satisfaction and social relations might be improved, if children’s perspectives are considered in the planning of health promotion. The school environment has improved in the Karlstad municipality secondary schools 2005-2011, at both the municipality- and school level. The thesis contributes to the field of public health sciences, by showing what might be needed to further enhance school health promotion in Sweden and thereby improving schoolchildren’s opportunities for learning and living a good life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016. 106 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:24
Keyword
Children, Health Promotion, Mental Health, Schools, School Environment, Sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Public Health Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41218 (URN)978-91-7063-702-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-13, Agardh 11D257, Karlstad, 11:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-04 Last updated: 2016-06-08Bibliographically approved

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