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Subjective experiences of creative work after negative feedback
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2015 (English)In: Thinking Skills and Creativity, ISSN 1871-1871, E-ISSN 1878-0423, Vol. 15, 26-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This qualitative study investigated thoughts, feelings and actions when working on a divergent-thinking task after receiving negative feedback on a problem-solving task. Eleven university students were interviewed after working on an unsolvable version of the Necklace Problem and three situations of the Dramatic Events Test. They also rated response contentment on the Dramatic Events Test. The interviews were analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis. The results showed that the less-content respondents experienced stress due to situational demands, were anxious to meet perceived criteria, expressed fear of being evaluated by others, and expressed uncertainty about the responses. These respondents also often erased or withheld responses they felt did not meet perceived criteria. It was more common for the content respondents to adapt to situational demands or take them as a challenge, view the failure on the problem-solving task as a motivation to perform better on the subsequent test, not be afraid of criticism from others, and view ideas as changeable. The results are discussed with regard to attention, perfectionism, convergent thinking, intrinsic motivation, evaluation apprehension, and self-efficacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 15, 26-36 p.
Keyword [en]
Creativity, Negative feedback, Interviews, Evaluation apprehension, Self-efficacy
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41105DOI: 10.1016/j.tsc.2014.11.002ISI: 000348625700003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41105DiVA: diva2:913404
Available from: 2016-03-21 Created: 2016-03-21 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Do you dare to think outside the box?: Impacts of alcohol, negative affect and evaluation apprehension on inhibition of creative performance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do you dare to think outside the box?: Impacts of alcohol, negative affect and evaluation apprehension on inhibition of creative performance
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Conditions relating to evaluation apprehension, alcohol and affect were investigated in relation to creative performance. Study I compared group work with individual work, and control conditions were compared with de Bono creativity-enhancing techniques. Study II studied the effect of alcohol and emotional-enhancing film material on primary-secondary process relations and creative performance. Study III explored experiences of working on a creative task after receiving negative feedback. Study IV investigated the relationship between fear of evaluation and creative performance. Study I showed higher scores on different measures of creative performance for group work, while individual work showed higher total fluency scores. Further, de Bono technique conditions showed lower fluency and lower flexibility. Study II showed signs of decreased creative performance after the intake of alcohol, and signs of increased primary process thinking but no effect of on creative performance after emotional enhancement. Study III showed that stress, fear of producing ‘incorrect’ responses and low self-efficacy were inhibiting factors on creative performance. Study IV showed that fear of evaluation was related to a lower self-efficacy, higher degree of worry, and higher degree of self-censorship. Further, Study IV showed that fear of negative evaluation had a positive relation to number of ideas produced, but no relation to quality of ideas. Additionally, support for creativity showed positive relations to both number of ideas produced and quality of ideas.

Abstract [en]

Creativity is desired in many situations. Areas where creativity is needed include innovation, product development and artistic performance. Further, creative activities are connected with joy and pleasure for the individual. However, many of us are struggling when it comes to creative performance, and it is considered hard to be creative.

The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate inhibition of creative performance. The results of the four papers comprised in the thesis suggest that group work have an effect on the creative process, explicit instructions may narrow down possible solutions for a problem, alcohol may inhibit creative performance and evaluation apprehension is related to self-censorship of ideas. Further, support for creativity showed positive relations with both quantity and quality of ideas.

The main conclusion of the thesis is that individuals may withhold ideas in fear of others’ reactions. Therefore, creative performance is not only a question of ability, but also a question of willingness to communicate.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2016. 93 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2016:20
Keyword
Creativity, inhibition, group work, alcohol, emotion, creative self-efficacy, evaluation apprehension
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41130 (URN)978-91-7063-698-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-05-19, Fryxellsalen, 1B 306, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-03-24 Last updated: 2016-04-28Bibliographically approved

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