Primary Teachers’ Reflections on Inquiry- and Context-Based Science Education
2016 (English)In: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898Article in journal (Other academic) Epub ahead of print
Inquiry- and context-based teaching strategies have been proven to stimulate and motivate students’ interests in learning science. In this study, 12 teachers reflected on these strategies after using them in primary schools. The teachers participated in a continuous professional development (CPD) programme. During the programme, they were also introduced to a teaching model from a European project, where inquiry- and context-based education (IC-BaSE) strategies were fused. The research question related to teachers’ reflections on these teaching strategies, and whether they found the model to be useful in primary schools after testing it with their students. Data collection was performed during the CPD programme and consisted of audio-recorded group discussions, individual portfolios and field notes collected by researchers. Results showed that compared with using only one instructional strategy, teachers found the new teaching model to be a useful complement. However, their discussions also showed that they did not reflect on choices of strategies or purposes and aims relating to students’ understanding, or the content to be taught. Before the CPD programme, teachers discussed the use of inquiry mainly from the aspect that students enjoy practical work. After the programme, they identified additional reasons for using inquiry and discussed the importance of knowing why inquiry is performed. However, to develop teachers’ knowledge of instructional strategies as well as purposes for using certain strategies, there is need for further investigations among primary school teachers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Primary science teachersInquiry-basedContext-basedInstructional strategiesPedagogical content knowledge
Research subject Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41081DOI: 10.1007/s11165-015-9507-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-41081DiVA: diva2:912681