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The influence of clay orientation and crystallinity on oxygen permeation in dispersion barrier coatings
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. (Materialvetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1609-8909
Stora Enso.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
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2016 (English)In: Applied Clay Science, ISSN 0169-1317, E-ISSN 1872-9053, Vol. 126, 17-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study oxygen permeability in dispersion barriers produced from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH) and kaolin clay blends coated onto polymeric supports was investigated. To determine the oxygen permeability, two measurement methods were used: the oxygen transmission rate (OTR) and the ambient oxygen ingress rate (AOIR). It was found that with increasing kaolin content the oxygen permeability increased, up to about 5 wt% kaolin, whereafter the oxygen permeability decreased, as was expected. The increased (> 5%) kaolin loading lowered the diffusion because of an increased tortuosity. Structural information about the dispersion-barrier coatings, such as kaolin orientation and polymer crystallinity, was obtained from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Kaolin orientation was influenced by the drying temperature, the thickness of the samples, and the kaolin concentration. The polymer crystallinity increased in thicker samples. The drying temperature did not show any clear effect on the crystallinity of thin samples, while for the thicker barriers, combined with a kaolin concentration lower than 20 wt%, a higher crystallinity was achieved at lower drying temperatures. This study demonstrates the strong influence of chemical and physical structures on the permeability of the investigated coatings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 126, 17-24 p.
Keyword [en]
Barrier coating; Kaolin; Polyvinyl alcohol; Permeability; Dynamic mass transport; Crystallinity; Kaolin orientation
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Research subject
Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-41069DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2016.02.029ISI: 000376213900003OAI: diva2:912331
Knowledge Foundation, 20100268
Available from: 2016-03-16 Created: 2016-03-16 Last updated: 2016-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Structural Studies and Modelling of Oxygen Transport in Barrier Materials for Food Packaging
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural Studies and Modelling of Oxygen Transport in Barrier Materials for Food Packaging
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The requirements of food packages are to ensure food safety and quality, to minimize spoilage, and to provide an easy way to store and handle food. To meet these demands for fibre-based food packages, barrier coatings are generally used to regulate the amount of gases entering a package, as some gases are detrimental to food quality. Oxygen, for example, initiates lipid oxidation in fatty foods. Bakery products may also be sensitive to oxygen.

This thesis focused on mass transport of oxygen in order to gain deeper knowledge in the performance of barrier coatings and to develop means to optimize the performance of barrier coatings. This experimental study along with computer modelling characterized the structure of barrier materials with respect to the mass transport process.This project was performed as part of the multidisciplinary industrial graduate school VIPP ( - Values Created in Fibre Based Processes and Products – at Karlstad University, with the financial support from the Knowledge Foundation, Sweden, and Stora Enso.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014. 45 p.
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2014:64
Barrier coating; Permeability; Dynamic Mass Transport; Modeling; Diffusion; Polymer; Dispersion; Kaolin
National Category
Polymer Technologies Chemical Engineering
Research subject
Materials Science
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-34468 (URN)978-91-7063-604-2 (ISBN)
2014-12-11, Eva Eriksson, 21A 342, 10:15 (Swedish)

Artikel 2 "The influence of clay orientation..." ingick som manuskript i avhandlingen, då med titeln: "Influence of clay orientation in dispersion barrier coatings on oxygen permeation". Nu publicerad.

Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-10-23 Last updated: 2016-08-16Bibliographically approved
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