Measurements of occupancy levels in multi-family dwellings-Application to demand controlled ventilation
2011 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 43, no 9, 2449-2455 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The occupancy level of dwellings is an important parameter to know to determine the energy efficiency, energy use and indoor air quality, especially in low-energy buildings where the user-related energy uses, such as household electricity and domestic hot water heating, are significant parts of the energy balance in a building. For residential buildings, there is a lack of occupancy level data, which also needs to be resolved over time, in a way so that both short term and long term variations can be described. As a part of an ongoing study, occupancy levels were measured as building average levels in 18 apartment buildings containing 342 apartments in total with readings every 30 min for more than a year. Averages and standard deviations of occupancy level, and variation in occupancy during the year, week and day respectively are presented. The results show a highly varying occupancy level over time, which indicates the potential of demand controlled ventilation in dwellings. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 43, no 9, 2449-2455 p.
Occupancy level, Demand controlled ventilation, Dwellings, Residential
Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
Research subject Energy Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40608DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.05.031ISI: 000294834900046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-40608DiVA: diva2:905479