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The first 38 methadone maintenance treatment patients in Stockholm: 15-year follow-up with a main focus on detoxification from methadone
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. Karlstad Univ, Dept Psychol, S-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Div Alcohol & Drug Dependence, Stockholm, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Div Alcohol & Drug Dependence, Stockholm, Sweden..
2011 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 65, no 2, 106-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Background/aims: The present study investigated the first 38 methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients in Stockholm. The aim was: (i) to investigate the possible predictive factors for successful treatment termination, and (ii) the long-term outcome effects and life situation of MMT patients and those who terminated the treatment. Methods: The patients were interviewed at the start and approximately 15 years later, and divided into four groups: (1) no withdrawal attempts, (2) forced to stop the treatment, (3) successful tapering and (4) non-successful tapering. Results: The predictive factor found that Group 1 showed a lower life quality compared with Groups 3 and 4. Fifteen years later, the life situations of Groups 3 and 4 were significantly more stable. Also the subjective well-being in Group 3 was significantly higher. Over all, Group 2 showed significantly more illicit drug use compared with Group 3. The social life situation was significantly improved for all patients during the 15 years. Conclusion: This study confirms our earlier findings that the ultimate goal of MMT for the motivated patients with good progress should be an opiate-free life. The life situation and subjective well-being seems to be higher after successful termination of MMT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 65, no 2, 106-111 p.
Keyword [en]
15-year follow-up, Detoxification, Methadone maintenance treatment
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40656DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2010.503904ISI: 000288324400005PubMedID: 20662685OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-40656DiVA: diva2:905414
Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Hiltunen, Arto J.
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