An interpretative phenomenological analysis of how professional dance teachers implement psychological skills training in practice
2011 (English)In: Research in Dance Education, ISSN 1464-7893, E-ISSN 1470-1111, Vol. 12, no 3, 277-293 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to examine how dance teachers work with psychological skills with their students in class. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six female professional teachers in jazz, ballet and contemporary dance. The interview transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (Smith 1996). Results revealed that all teachers used psychological skills training techniques such as goal setting and imagery and worked toward the following outcomes: group cohesion, self-confidence, and anxiety management. They strove to create a task-involving climate in their classes and the students were encouraged to participate in, for instance, the goal setting process and imagery applications. The teachers also placed significant emphasis on performance preparation, evaluation, and feedback, although some found it difficult to give positive feedback. Many of the findings can be associated with contemporary theories in sport psychology. However, the dance teachers had almost no formal training in performance psychology, but had instead developed their teaching methodology through their own experiences. Further skills development and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 12, no 3, 277-293 p.
coaching, mental training, performance, sport psychology
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject Sports Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-40658DOI: 10.1080/14647893.2011.614332ISI: 000299631200006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-40658DiVA: diva2:905413