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Dynamics of pedestrians in regions with no visibility: A lattice model without exclusion
Eindhoven University of Technology. (Mathematics)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1160-0007
2013 (English)In: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, ISSN 0378-4371, Vol. 392, no 17, p. 3578-3588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

We investigate the motion of pedestrians through obscure corridors where the lack of visibility (due to smoke, fog, darkness, etc.) hides the precise position of the exits. We focus our attention on a set of basic mechanisms, which we assume to be governing the dynamics at the individual level. Using a lattice model, we explore the effects of non-exclusion on the overall exit flux (evacuation rate). More precisely, we study the effect of the buddying threshold (of no-exclusion per site) on the dynamics of the crowd and investigate to which extent our model confirms the following pattern revealed by investigations on real emergencies: If the evacuees tend to cooperate and act altruistically, then their collective action tends to favor the occurrence of disasters. The research reported here opens many fundamental questions and should be seen therefore as a preliminary investigation of the very complex behavior of the people and their motion in dark regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 392, no 17, p. 3578-3588
Keywords [en]
lattice models, crowd dynamics, Monte Carlo
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics Psychology
Research subject
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-39790DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2013.04.029ISI: 000320488800012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84878417878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-39790DiVA, id: diva2:901155
Available from: 2016-02-06 Created: 2016-02-06 Last updated: 2016-10-06Bibliographically approved

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Muntean, Adrian

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  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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