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The influence of grammage and pulp type on through air drying
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. (Pro2BE)
Innventia AB.
Innventia AB.
2015 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, E-ISSN 2000-0669, Vol. 30, no 4, 651-659 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of grammage and pulp type on through air drying was studied. The temperature of a sample was measured during the drying process and the observed temperature changes were used to evaluate the drying process. Laboratory sheets with grammages 15- 60 g/m², from two softwood and two hardwood bleached chemical pulps were used. All samples were analysed with respect to formation, flow resistance, modified permeability, mean drying time, non-uniformity of drying time, and area- and mass-specific drying rate. The pulps had different modified permeabilities but showed similar behaviour when analysed as a function of grammage. A constant value was found for higher grammages, while an increase in modified permeability was found at decreasingly low grammages. Almost all pulp and grammage combinations had similar area-specific drying rates, but the mass-specific drying rates decreased with grammage. However, the samples with lower grammages had mass specific drying rates independent of modified permeability, where samples with increasing grammage showed an increasing dependency. This implies that the drying efficiency at low grammages was not controlled by the volume flow of the drying air. A good correlation was found between energy needed to evaporate water and energy supplied by the drying air as estimated from the surface temperature and air flow measurement. The surface temperature can therefore be used to quantify the drying process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 30, no 4, 651-659 p.
Keyword [en]
Drying, Moisture, Non-uniformity, Pulp, TAD, Thermography, Tissue
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Research subject
Chemical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-39096DOI: 10.3183/NPPRJ-2015-30-04-p651-659ISI: 000366040300013OAI: diva2:896304
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2016-01-20 Created: 2016-01-20 Last updated: 2016-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Lars
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